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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986635/-aphakic-artisan-verisyse-iols-as-retropupillary-implants-video-article
#1
REVIEW
V Besgen, W Sekundo
The retropupillary implantation of an iris claw intraocular lens (IOL) is an uncomplicated and fast technique for rehabilitation of aphakic eyes without any capsular structures and is presented in a video in the online version of this article. A complete anterior pars plana vitrectomy as shown in our case or an extensive preceding anterior vitrectomy as well as an intact iris are prerequisites. Special instruments for the implantation and fixation of the IOL are available to optimize the operative procedure...
October 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983456/enzyme-replacement-therapy-attenuates-disease-progression-in-two-japanese-siblings-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-vi-10-year-follow-up
#2
Mahoko Furujo, Motomichi Kosuga, Torayuki Okuyama
Early initiation of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has demonstrated clinical benefit in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI), a progressive, multisystem autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder caused by N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulphatase (ASB) deficiency and the consequent accumulation of glycosaminoglycan. A previous case report highlighted that 3 years of ERT with recombinant human ASB (galsulfase) was well tolerated and effective in two Japanese siblings with MPS VI who initiated ERT at 5...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974221/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-phakic-intraocular-lenses-and-low-endothelial-cell-counts-a-case-report
#3
Chia-Yi Lee, Shih-Chun Chao, Chi-Chin Sun, Hung-Yu Lin
BACKGROUND: Phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) implantation has been used to correct myopia and myopic astigmatism, although corneal decompensation can occur after implantation. Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) has gained in popularity due to its lower postoperative astigmatism and endothelial loss. Herein, we report the use of FLACS in patients who previously received PIOL implantation and have a low corneal endothelial cell count. CASE PRESENTATION: Two patients with a previous iris-claw PIOL implantation were enrolled...
October 3, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973761/chemotherapeutical-effects-of-the-herbal-medicine-uncaria-tomentosa-willd-dc
#4
I V Almeida, L C Soares, F T Lucio, L B Cantagalli, A F Reusing, V E P Vicentini
The use of medicinal plants dates back to the beginning of humanity, and today their application as complementary therapy has been widely disseminated as an alternative to conventional therapy. The medicinal plant named Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC. (known as cat's claw) is a common woody vine of the Amazon forest that has traditionally been used in the treatment of arthritis because of its anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic, mutagenic, and antimutagenic potentials of this medicinal plant...
September 27, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973318/astigmatism-and-refractive-outcome-after-late-in-the-bag-intraocular-lens-dislocation-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Olav Kristianslund, Atle Einar Østern, Liv Drolsum
Purpose: To compare surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) and refractive outcomes between two operation methods for late in-the-bag IOL dislocation. Methods: In this prospective, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial, 104 patients (eyes) were assigned to IOL repositioning by scleral suturing 1.5- to 2-mm posterior to limbus (n = 54) or IOL exchange with a retropupillar iris-claw IOL using a 5.5-mm scleral pocket incision (n = 50). The SIA was determined by vector analysis through conversion of corneal cylinders to Cartesian coordinates, and is presented as magnitude in diopters @ direction in degrees (D @ °)...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962496/complications-after-pectus-excavatum-repair-using-pectus-bars-in-adolescents-and-adults-risk-comparisons-between-age-and-technique-groups
#6
Soohwan Choi, Hyung Joo Park
OBJECTIVES: To compare the complications associated with age and technique groups in patients undergoing pectus excavatum (PE) repair. METHODS: The data of 994 patients who underwent PE repair from March 2011 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Mean age was 9.59 years (range 31 months-55 years), and 756 patients were men (76.1%). The age groups were defined as follows: Group 1, <5 years; Group 2, 5-9 years; Group 3, 10-14 years; Group 4, 15-17 years; Group 5, 18-19 years; Group 6, 20-24 years; and Group 7, >24 years...
October 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942299/pathological-findings-in-wild-rats-rattus-rattus-captured-at-guafo-island-northern-chilean-patagonia
#7
M Seguel, F Muñoz, E Paredes, M J Navarrete, N L Gottdenker
The black rat (Rattus rattus) is an invasive species and potential reservoir of significant pathogens of man, domestic animals and wildlife. During the 2012-2014 austral summers, 201 black rats were captured and examined on the uninhabited Guafo Island, in Northern Chilean Patagonia (43.593029°S, 74.713481°W). The mite Ornithonyssus bacoti caused lymphoplasmacytic and eosinophilic dermatitis in all infected rats (105/210, 52%), but no skin lesions were observed in rats infected with Nosopsyllus spp. and Plocopsylla spp...
August 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937143/crab-claw-pattern-on-corneal-topography-pellucid-marginal-degeneration-or-inferior-keratoconus
#8
M Koc, K Tekin, M Inanc, P Kosekahya, P Yilmazbas
PurposeTo evaluate the topographic, tomographic, and densitometric properties of patients with pellucid marginal degeneration (PMD) and inferior keratoconus.Patients and methodsRetrospective, comparative case series. Forty-seven eyes of 32 patients with crab claw patterns were identified from 2751 patients with corneal ectasia. They were divided into two groups, inferior keratoconus and PMD, based on clinical findings. The topographic, tomographic, and densitometric measurements were analyzed.ResultsPMD was detected in 11 eyes of eight patients (mean age 50...
September 22, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933975/foot-problems-in-older-women
#9
F Guidozzi
Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929993/reduced-claw-vacuum-and-b-phase-during-low-milk-flow-does-not-impact-oxytocin-release-and-milking-performance
#10
Anna-Lena Neuheuser, Ann-Catherine Schwinn, Olga Wellnitz, Lorenzo E Hernández-Castellano, Rupert M Bruckmaier
Oxytocin release, milking characteristics, and teat condition were investigated with reduced claw vacuum and pulsation settings compared to milking at regular settings with or without pre-stimulation. The reduced vacuum and pulsation settings during low milk flow are expected to protect the teat tissue before the occurrence of milk ejection at the start of milking, and at the end of milking during a potential overmilking period, i.e. at a milk flow <200 g/min. Seven cows were machine-milked either after a 60 s manual pre-stimulation, or without pre-stimulation and reduced vacuum and pulsation settings, or at full vacuum and normal pulsation during the start of milking...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920816/urolithiasis-in-free-ranging-and-captive-otters-lutra-lutra-and-aonyx-cinerea-in-europe
#11
Monika Bochmann, Stephan Steinlechner, Albrecht Hesse, Hans Henrik Dietz, Heike Weber
Between 1996 and 1998, 477 dead otters from different Central European countries were examined for urolithiasis, including 449 free-ranging Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) as well as 17 Eurasian otters and 11 Asian small-clawed otters (Aonyx cinerea) from captivity. In the free-ranging specimens, uroliths (sand or stones) were found in 105 animals (23.4%), with no significant difference (P = 0.77) between the sexes. Uroliths were not present in any juveniles (n = 26) and urolithiasis was not considered the main cause of death in any individual...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918484/drug-herb-interactions-in-the-elderly-patient-with-ibd-a-growing-concern
#12
REVIEW
Haider Rahman, Marina Kim, Galen Leung, Jesse A Green, Seymour Katz
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is becoming more prevalent with the elderly being the fastest growing group. Parallel to this, there is an increasing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Nearly half of patients with IBD have used CAM at one time. The elderly patients, however, are burdened by comorbid conditions, polypharmacy, and altered functional status. With increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine in our elderly patients with IBD, it is vital for the provider to provide counsel on drug-herb potential interactions...
September 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917216/mass-forming-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombus-and-bile-duct-tumor-thrombus-a-case-report
#13
Kentaro Iwaki, Toshimi Kaido, Gen Yamamoto, Naoko Kamo, Shintaro Yagi, Kojiro Taura, Shinji Uemoto
INTRODUCTION: We report the first case of mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) and bile duct tumor thrombus (BDTT), where the extrahepatic bile duct was preserved with thrombectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 70-year-old male. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed the tumor extending from the hepatic hilum to the left hepatic duct with complete obstruction of the left hepatic duct and a defect at the left portal vein...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895011/caligus-fajerae-n-sp-copepoda-caligidae-parasitic-on-the-pacific-sierra-scomberomurus-sierra-jordan-starks-actinopterygii-scombridae-in-the-pacific-ocean-off-mexico
#14
Francisco Neptalí Morales-Serna, Alejandro Oceguera-Figueroa, Danny Tang
A new species of parasitic copepod, Caligus fajerae n. sp. (Caligidae), is described from Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks (Scombridae) caught off the northwestern coast of Mexico. The new species morphologically resembles Caligus cybii Bassett-Smith, 1898, Caligus kanagurta Pillai, 1961, Caligus pelamydis Krøyer, 1863 and Caligus robustus Bassett-Smith, 1898, all of which have been reported from scombrid hosts. Caligus fajerae n. sp. differs from these species by having spinules on the abdomen and caudal ramus, two processes on the proximal antennulary segment, fine striations on the claw of the antenna and maxilliped, a stouter and more recurved maxillulary dentiform process, shorter tines on the sternal furca, two additional patches of spinules on the distal endopodal segment of leg 2, a sclerotised lobe on the anteromedian surface of the leg 3 protopod and serrations on both margins of the first exopodal spine of leg 3...
September 11, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880044/-management-of-the-dry-and-transition-periods-of-dairy-cattle-in-free-stall-housing-systems-in-lower-saxony-part-1-farm-management-teil-1-betriebsmanagement
#15
Pamela Oetting-Neumann, Martina Hoedemaker
OBJECTIVE: Describing husbandry and management of dairy cows during the dry and transition periods on farms of different sizes in Lower Saxony, Germany. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 51 dairy farms were visited and asked via questionnaire about the husbandry and management in the following categories: general operating data, stable and husbandry of milking cows, dry cows, transition cows and the youngstock, pasture management, feeding, health data and prophylactic treatments...
September 5, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878997/social-learning-in-otters
#16
Zosia Ladds, William Hoppitt, Neeltje J Boogert
The use of information provided by others to tackle life's challenges is widespread, but should not be employed indiscriminately if it is to be adaptive. Evidence is accumulating that animals are indeed selective and adopt 'social learning strategies'. However, studies have generally focused on fish, bird and primate species. Here we extend research on social learning strategies to a taxonomic group that has been neglected until now: otters (subfamily Lutrinae). We collected social association data on captive groups of two gregarious species: smooth-coated otters (Lutrogale perspicillata), known to hunt fish cooperatively in the wild, and Asian short-clawed otters (Aonyx cinereus), which feed individually on prey requiring extractive foraging behaviours...
August 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869924/methylisothiazolinone-toxicity-and-inhibition-of-wound-healing-and-regeneration-in-planaria
#17
Alanna V Van Huizen, Ai-Sun Tseng, Wendy S Beane
Methylisothiazolinone (MIT) is a common biocide used in cosmetic and industrial settings. Studies have demonstrated that MIT is a human sensitizer, to the extent that in 2013 MIT was named allergen of the year. Recently, we showed that MIT exposure in Xenopus laevis (the African clawed frog) inhibits wound healing and tail regeneration. However, it is unknown whether MIT affects these processes in other animals. Here, we investigated the effects of MIT exposure in planaria-non-parasitic freshwater flatworms able to regenerate all tissues after injury...
August 26, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869887/chronic-toxicity-of-1-3-5-triazine-herbicides-in-the-postembryonic-development-of-the-western-clawed-frog-silurana-tropicalis
#18
Masahiro Saka, Noriko Tada, Yoichi Kamata
Seven 1,3,5- triazine (s-triazine) herbicides (ametryn, prometryn, dimethametryn, simazine, atrazine, propazine, and cyanazine) were tested using an amphibian (Silurana tropicalis) metamorphosis assay focusing on morphometric, gravimetric, and thyroid-histological endpoints. Premetamorphic tadpoles were exposed to each s-triazine at 2 concentrations between 1/1000 and 1/10 of the 96-h acute toxicity values, until all tadpoles in the control group reached either the late prometamorphosic stages or the initial stage of metamorphic climax...
September 1, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857262/microtomographic-parameters-and-nanoindentation-of-the-hoof-of-girolando-cattle
#19
B M Assis, L A F Silva, C R O Lima, F J F Sant'Ana, G P Santos, V A S Vulcani, R E Rabelo
The aim of this study was to describe the microstructure of the pigmented and depigmented hoof capsule of Girolando cattle by bi- and tridimensional microtomography and nanoindentation, analysing the possible relation between these findings and the susceptibility of such animals to podal diseases. To carry out the microtomography and the nanoindentation, duplicated samples were collected from the dorsal wall, abaxial wall and pre-bulbar sole of the hoof capsule. Material collection was performed in 40 medial digits of thoracic limbs and 40 lateral digits of pelvic limbs...
August 31, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856534/prevalence-of-lameness-claw-lesions-and-associated-risk-factors-in-dairy-farms-in-selangor-malaysia
#20
M B Sadiq, S Z Ramanoon, R Mansor, S S Syed-Hussain, W M Shaik Mossadeq
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to estimate the prevalence of lameness, claw lesions, and associated risk factors in dairy farms in Selangor, Malaysia. The sample population was 251 lactating cows from 8 farms assessed for lameness and claw lesions by locomotion scoring and claw assessment respectively while specific animal-based measures were hypothesized as cow-level risk factors. The Wilcoxon rank test and logistic regression were applied to assess the prevalence of lameness, claw lesions, and association with potential risk factors, respectively...
August 31, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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