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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905336/retropupillary-fixation-of-iris-claw-lens-in-visual-rehabilitation-of-aphakic-eyes
#1
G Jayamadhury, Sudhakar Potti, K Vinaya Kumar, R Madhu Kumar, K C Divyansh Mishra, Srinivasa Rao Nambula
CONTEXT: Surgical outcome of retropupillary fixation of iris claw lens. AIMS: To evaluate the various indications, intra and post-operative complications, and visual outcome of retropupillary fixation of iris claw lens in aphakic eyes. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study design is a retrospective study at a tertiary eye care center. METHODS: Review of medical records of 61 aphakic eyes of 61 patients, who were rehabilitated with retropupillary fixation of an iris claw lens, with a follow-up duration of at least 1 year...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898961/effects-of-feeding-regimen-on-weight-gain-semen-characteristics-libido-and-lameness-in-170-to-250-kilogram-duroc-boars
#2
C Wang, J L Li, H K Wei, Y F Zhou, J J Tan, H Q Sun, S W Jiang, J Peng
A 2-period field trial was conducted to determine the effects of feeding regimen on weight gain, semen characteristics, libido, and lameness in 170- to 200-kg (period 1) and 200- to 250-kg (period 2) boars. Sixty-one Duroc boars were allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments and 15 g/d fish oil was also provided for each experimental boar, to maintain the n-6:n-3 intake ratio at approximately 6.1:1. The energy intakes of the 3 treatment groups were controlled by basing the feed intake on a corn-soybean meal-based diet (3...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892648/milking-performance-evaluation-and-factors-affecting-milking-claw-vacuum-levels-with-flow-simulator
#3
Masafumi Enokidani, Kazuhiro Kawai, Yasunori Shinozuka, Aiko Watanabe
Milking performance of milking machines that matches the production capability of dairy cows is important in reducing the risk of mastitis, particularly in high-producing cows. This study used a simulated milking device to examine the milking performance of the milking system of 73 dairy farms and to analyze the factors affecting claw vacuum. Mean claw vacuum and range of fluctuation of claw vacuum (claw vacuum range) were measured at three different flow rates: 5.7, 7.6 and 8.7 kg/min. At the highest flow rate, only 16 farms (21...
November 28, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887922/obesity-foot-pain-and-foot-disorders-in-older-men-and-women
#4
Alyssa B Dufour, Elena Losina, Hylton B Menz, Michael P LaValley, Marian T Hannan
OBJECTIVE: We investigated obesity, foot pain and selected foot disorders, and determined if associations differed by foot posture or dynamic foot function. METHODS: We included 2445 men and women (4888 feet) from the Framingham Foot Study (2002-2008). A foot examination assessed presence of disorders and pain on each foot. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was categorized as normal (<25), overweight (25-29.99), moderate-obesity (30-34.99) severe-obesity (35+). Foot posture (normal, cavus, planus) and dynamic foot function (normal, supinated, pronated) were defined using plantar pressure measurement system...
November 22, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886218/revisiting-the-fear-of-snakes-in-children-the-role-of-aposematic-signalling
#5
Jérémie Souchet, Fabien Aubret
Why humans fear snakes is an old, yet unresolved debate. Its innate origin from evolutionary causes is debated against the powerful influence early experience, culture, media and religion may have on people's aversion to snakes. Here we show that the aversion to snakes in human beings may have been mistaken for an aversion to aposematic signals that are commonly displayed by snakes. A total of 635 children were asked to rate single item images as "nice" or "mean". Snakes, pets and smiley emoticon items were not rated as "mean" unless they displayed subtle aposematic signals in the form of triangular (rather than round) shapes...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880779/a-mighty-claw-pinching-force-of-the-coconut-crab-the-largest-terrestrial-crustacean
#6
Shin-Ichiro Oka, Taketeru Tomita, Kei Miyamoto
Crustaceans can exert a greater force using their claws than many animals can with other appendages. Furthermore, in decapods, the chela is a notable organ with multifunctional roles. The coconut crab, Birgus latro, is the largest terrestrial crustacean and has a remarkable ability to lift weights up to approximately 30 kg. However, the pinching force of this crab's chelae has not been previously investigated. In the present study, we measured the pinching force of the chelae in 29 wild coconut crabs (33-2,120 g in body weight)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879173/residue-depletion-of-oxytetracycline-otc-and-4-epi-oxytetracycline-4-epi-otc-in-broiler-chicken-s-claws-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-lc-ms-ms
#7
J Cornejo, E Pokrant, D Araya, C Briceño, H Hidalgo, A Maddaleno, C Araya-Jordán, B San Martin
Antibiotics are widely used in poultry production for treatment of bacterial diseases. However, residues may remain in products and by-products destined for human consumption or animal feeding. The claws of chickens are a by-product from the poultry industry, which can directly or indirectly enter the food chain as meals destined to feed other productive animals. Thus, it becomes necessary to determine and quantify antimicrobial residues present in this matrix. The objective of the present study was to assess the depletion of oxytetracycline (OTC) and its metabolite 4-epi-OTC in broiler chicken's claws...
November 23, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870909/variability-of-rheotaxis-behaviors-in-larval-bullfrogs-highlights-species-diversity-in-lateral-line-function
#8
Erika E A Brown, Andrea Megela Simmons
The morphology and distribution of lateral line neuromasts vary between ecomorphological types of anuran tadpoles, but little is known about how this structural variability contributes to differences in lateral-line mediated behaviors. Previous research identified distinct differences in one such behavior, positive rheotaxis towards the source of a flow, in two tadpole species, the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis; type 1) and the American bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana; type 4). Because these two species had been tested under different flow conditions, we re-evaluated these findings by quantifying flow-sensing behaviors of bullfrog tadpoles in the same flow field in which X...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865503/effect-of-claw-disorders-on-milk-production-fertility-and-longevity-and-their-economic-impact-in-spanish-holstein-cows
#9
N Charfeddine, M A Pérez-Cabal
The aims of this study were (1) to estimate the phenotypic association between different degrees of severity of claw disorders and production, fertility performance, and longevity in Spanish dairy cattle, and (2) to quantify its economic impact at the animal and herd level. In this study, claw data comprised 108,468 trimmings collected between 2012 and 2014 by 25 trimmers from 804 Holstein dairy herds. The claw disorders considered were the 3 most frequent disorders in Spanish dairy herds: dermatitis (DE), sole ulcer (SU), and white line disease (WL)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853409/collembola-of-the-genus-protaphorura-absolon-1901-onychiuridae-in-the-eastern-palearctic-morphology-distribution-identification-key
#10
Igor Kaprus', Wanda Weiner, Grzegorz Paśnik
Seven new species, Protaphorura jernikasp. n., Protaphorura absconditasp. n., Protaphorura tuvinicasp. n., Protaphorura vasilinaesp. n., Protaphorura sayanicasp. n., Protaphorura oligopseudocellatasp. n. and Protaphorura nikolaisp. n. from different habitats of the southern Siberia and Far East of Russia, are described. Protaphorura ombrophila (Stach, 1960) is redescribed based on the type specimens. These species differ one from other and from all known species by dorsal and ventral pseudocellar formulae, number of pseudocelli on subcoxae 1 of legs I-III, parapseudocellar formula, chaetotaxy of body, structure of claw, size of postantennal organ and body length...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844014/genetic-va-riation-in-the-na-rrow-c-lawed-c-ra-yfish-astacus-lepto-dactylus-po-pulatio-ns-as-assesse-d-by-pcr-rflp-of-mitochondria-l-coi-gene
#11
Majidreza Khos Hkholgh, Sajad Nazari
The genetic variation and population structure of narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) was examined by means of polymerase chain reaction (PC R) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RF LP) analysis of the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) of mitochondrial DNA. A total of 194 adult specimens were collected from seven sample sites including, two in the south Caspian Sea and one each in Anzali wetland and Aras reservoir and three rivers Chafrood, Masule Rudkhan and S iah Darvishan. The PCR products were digested with 19 restriction enzymes and five enzymes revealed polymorphism patterns (DdeІ, MboІ, TaqI, RsaІ and HinfІ)...
December 2015: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843355/retropupilar-positioning-of-foldable-iris-claw-intraocular-lens-for-correction-of-aphakia-with-no-capsular-support
#12
Mun Yueh Faria, Nuno Pinto Ferreira, Ivo Gama, Joana Medeiros Pinto, Mario Canastro, Manuel Monteiro Grillo
SUMMARY: Iris-claw intraocular lens (ICIOL) for aphakia needs a large 5.4 mm corneal incision for its implantation. The technique needs corneal suture, associated with some postoperative astigmatism. Foldable ICIOL is used in phakic patients undergoing refractive surgery and has the advantage of a sutureless small corneal incision. We report a case of a high myopic patient with dislocated intraocular lens (IOL) and no capsular support. Dislocated IOL with its capsular bag was released with three-port, 23-gauge vitrectomy; placed in the anterior chamber; sliced; and extruded through a 3...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834591/viral-interference-of-the-bacterial-rna-metabolism-machinery
#13
Tom Dendooven, An Van den Bossche, Hanne Hendrix, Pieter-Jan Ceyssens, Marleen Voe, K J Bandyra, Marc De Maeyer, Abram Aertsen, Jean-Paul Noben, Steven W Hardwick, Ben F Luisi, Rob Lavigne
In a recent publication, we reported a unique interaction between a protein encoded by the giant myovirus phiKZ and the Pseudomonas aeruginosa RNA degradosome. Crystallography, site-directed mutagenesis and interactomics approaches revealed this 'degradosome interacting protein' or Dip, to adopt an 'open-claw' dimeric structure that presents acidic patches on its outer surface which hijack two conserved RNA binding sites on the scaffold domain of the RNase E component of the RNA degradosome. This interaction prevents substrate RNAs from being bound and degraded by the RNA degradosome during the virus infection cycle...
November 11, 2016: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833417/a-new-species-of-charinus-simon-1892-from-brazil-with-notes-on-behavior-amblypygi-charinidae
#14
Gustavo S Miranda, Milena Milleri-Pinto, Thiago Gonçalves-Souza, Alessandro Ponce de Leão Giupponi, Nikolaj Scharff
A new species of Charinus is described and illustrated from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Charinus ruschiisp. n. is found in Santa Lúcia reserve, Espírito Santo state, and is sympatric with Charinus brasilianus and Charinus montanus. The new species can be easily distinguished from the other species of the genus by the combination of the following characters: number of spines on the pedipalp tarsus, size and shape of the female genitalia, shape of the sternum and number of teeth in the cheliceral claw. The behavioral repertory is also described for this species based on five hours of qualitative and 24 hours of quantitative observations in order to define the behavioral categories...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829697/experiments-with-claw-models-explain-the-function-of-the-waving-display-of-ilyoplax-pusilla-brachyura-dotillidae
#15
Daichi Izumi, Yoko Kawano, Yasuhisa Henmi
Males of the dotillid crab, Ilyoplax pusilla, perform waving displays during the reproductive season. Unlike many fiddler crabs (genus Uca), however, the function of the waving display is unclear for this species. Experiments using waving and static claw models over short (10 cm) and long (25 cm) distances were conducted to investigate responses by wandering females to artificial waving signals. In long-distance choice experiments, presuming undirected waving to unseen females as broadcast waving, females were equally likely to approach the waving and static claw sections during the non-reproductive season, but significantly more females (65 %) chose the waving claw section during the reproductive season...
2016: Journal of Ethology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825947/characterization-of-micrornas-by-deep-sequencing-in-red-claw-crayfish-cherax-quadricarinatus-haematopoietic-tissue-cells-after-white-spot-syndrome-virus-infection
#16
Meng-Ru Zhao, Chuang Meng, Xiao-Lu Xie, Cheng-Hua Li, Hai-Peng Liu
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is one of the most prevalent and widespread viruses in both shrimp and crayfish aquaculture. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are crucial post-transcriptional regulators and play critical roles in cell differentiation and proliferation, apoptosis, signal transduction and immunity. In this study, miRNA expression profiles were identified via deep sequencing in red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus haematopoietic tissue (Hpt) cell cultures infected with WSSV at both early (i.e., 1 hpi) and late (i...
December 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825284/surgical-management-of-acute-claw-hand-in-a-competitive-baseball-player
#17
Lucas S McDonald, Ryan M Degen, David W Altchek
We describe an unusual case of acute ulnar neuropathy with a flexible claw hand deformity in a baseball pitcher. Treatment involved ulnar nerve decompression at the elbow with subsequent recurrence of symptoms upon return to pitching. Definitive treatment included a wide secondary release of tethered locations resulting in return of function. At final follow-up the patient has returned to unrestricted baseball throwing activities.
November 8, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821528/what-determines-direction-of-asymmetry-genes-environment-or-chance
#18
REVIEW
A Richard Palmer
Conspicuous asymmetries seen in many animals and plants offer diverse opportunities to test how the development of a similar morphological feature has evolved in wildly different types of organisms. One key question is: do common rules govern how direction of asymmetry is determined (symmetry is broken) during ontogeny to yield an asymmetrical individual? Examples from numerous organisms illustrate how diverse this process is. These examples also provide some surprising answers to related questions. Is direction of asymmetry in an individual determined by genes, environment or chance? Is direction of asymmetry determined locally (structure by structure) or globally (at the level of the whole body)? Does direction of asymmetry persist when an asymmetrical structure regenerates following autotomy? The answers vary greatly for asymmetries as diverse as gastropod coiling direction, flatfish eye side, crossbill finch bill crossing, asymmetrical claws in shrimp, lobsters and crabs, katydid sound-producing structures, earwig penises and various plant asymmetries...
December 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819207/autecology-feeding-preferences-and-reproductive-biology-of-chorthippus-glyptobothrus-vagans-eversmann-1848-orthoptera-gomphocerinae-in-mediterranean-ecosystems
#19
A M Cárdenas, P Gallardo, L Moyano, J J Presa
Chorthippus vagans is a common species of Gomphocerinae (Orthoptera) on the Iberian Peninsula. It is endangered in Central Europe where information about its ecological requirements is available; however, aspects of its biology are almost unknown in Mediterranean ecosystems, where it is widespread and common. The focus of this study was to determine how C. vagans adjusts its biology to environmental features of this ecosystem and to interpret how it may be affected by the ecological changes related to the re-vegetation programme linked to the construction of the Breña dam (SW Spain)...
November 7, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815455/the-correction-of-aphakia-using-anterior-chamber-intraocular-lens
#20
REVIEW
Marilita M Moschos, Eirini Nitoda
Senile cataract is the leading cause of severe vision loss and blindness worldwide, affecting approximately 20 million people. Anterior chamber intraocular lens (AC IOLs) remain a surgical option for visual rehabilitation required after surgical extraction of the cataract lens. Relevant publications in the PUBMED database were searched for articles regarding the types, visual outcomes and the complications followed the surgical implantation of AC IOLs. AC IOLs, which can be iris- (iris-claw) or angle-supported, increase visual acuity in most patients...
November 2016: In Vivo
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