keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Claw

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520733/environmental-dna-method-for-estimating-salamander-distribution-in-headwater-streams-and-a-comparison-of-water-sampling-methods
#1
Izumi Katano, Ken Harada, Hideyuki Doi, Rio Souma, Toshifumi Minamoto
Environmental DNA (eDNA) has recently been used for detecting the distribution of macroorganisms in various aquatic habitats. In this study, we applied an eDNA method to estimate the distribution of the Japanese clawed salamander, Onychodactylus japonicus, in headwater streams. Additionally, we compared the detection of eDNA and hand-capturing methods used for determining the distribution of O. japonicus. For eDNA detection, we designed a qPCR primer/probe set for O. japonicus using the 12S rRNA region. We detected the eDNA of O...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520398/multiple-states-of-nitrile-hydratase-from-rhodococcus-equi-tg328-2-structural-and-mechanistic-insights-from-epr-and-dft-studies
#2
Natalia Stein, Natalie Gumataotao, Natalia Hajnas, Rui Wu, K P Wasantha Lankathilaka, Uwe T Bornscheuer, Dali Liu, Adam T Fiedler, Richard C Holz, Brian Bennett
Iron-type nitrile hydratases (NHases) contain an Fe(III) ion coordinated in a characteristic "claw setting" by an axial cysteine thiolate; two equatorial peptide nitrogens; the sulfur atoms of equatorial cysteine-sulfenic and cysteine-sulfinic acids, respectively; and an axial water/hydroxyl moiety. The cysteine-sulfenic acid is susceptible to oxidation and the enzyme is traditionally prepared using butyric acid as an oxidative protectant. The as-prepared enzyme exhibits a complex EPR spectrum due to multiple low-spin (S = 1/2) Fe(III) species...
May 18, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511422/posterior-chamber-scleral-fixation-of-intraocular-lenses-in-post-vitrectomised-aphakic-eyes
#3
Francis Kwasi Obeng, Vipan Kumar Vig, Preetam Singh, Rajbir Singh, Bodhraj Dhawan, Nikhil Sahajpal
INTRODUCTION: The best method of aphakia correction is in the bag implantation of Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens (PCIOL). When this ideal procedure is not possible due to lack of integrity of posterior capsule or zonules, the other alternatives are broadly categorized into two: extraocular and intraocular. Whereas, the former includes contact lenses and aphakic glasses, the latter ones are further divided into anterior and posterior chamber methods. Anterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses (ACIOL) can be with or without iris claw...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508918/-local-anaesthesia-in-ruminants
#4
Karl Nuss, Andrea Schwarz, Simone Ringer
The use of local anaesthesia in ruminants allows many surgical procedures to be conducted free of pain, efficiently and inexpensively in the field. Local anaesthesia combined with sedation and immobilisation of the animal can replace general anaesthesia for many procedures (e. g. castration, claw amputation). The level of difficulty differs among various local anaesthetic techniques: local infiltration of tissue or anaesthesia of the cornual nerve are easily performed, whereas local anaesthesia of the eye, regional anaesthesia in limbs or anaesthesia for umbilical surgery are more difficult to carry out...
May 16, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508067/cryo-em-structure-of-human-adenovirus-d26-reveals-the-conservation-of-structural-organization-among-human-adenoviruses
#5
Xiaodi Yu, David Veesler, Melody G Campbell, Mary E Barry, Francisco J Asturias, Michael A Barry, Vijay S Reddy
Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) cause acute respiratory, ocular, and gastroenteric diseases and are also frequently used as gene and vaccine delivery vectors. Unlike the archetype human adenovirus C5 (HAdV-C5), human adenovirus D26 (HAdV-D26) belongs to species-D HAdVs, which target different cellular receptors, and is differentially recognized by immune surveillance mechanisms. HAdV-D26 is being championed as a lower seroprevalent vaccine and oncolytic vector in preclinical and human clinical studies. To understand the molecular basis for their distinct biological properties and independently validate the structures of minor proteins, we determined the first structure of species-D HAdV at 3...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506935/retrosynthesis-of-caco3-via-amorphous-precursor-particles-using-gastroliths-of-the-red-claw-lobster-cherax-quadricarinatus
#6
Andrónico Neira-Carrillo, María Soledad Fernández, Gonzalo Poblete Hevia, José Luis Arias, Denis Gebauer, Helmut Cölfen
Gastroliths are highly calcified structures formed in the cardiac stomach wall of crustaceans for the temporary storage of amorphous CaCO3 (ACC). The gastrolithic ACC is stabilized by the presence of biomolecules, and represents a novel model for research into biomineralization. For the first time, an in vitro biomimetic retrosynthesis of scaffolds of gastrolithic matrices with CaCO3 is presented. With the help of synthetic polyacrylic (PAA) and phytic (PA) acids, amorphous precursor particles were stabilized in double (DD) and gas (GD) diffusion crystallization assays...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503323/severe-cervical-flexion-myelopathy-with-long-tract-signs-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#7
Takahito Fujimori, Akiko Tamura, Toshitada Miwa, Motoki Iwasaki, Takenori Oda
INTRODUCTION: Hirayama disease, a type of cervical flexion myelopathy, is a rare neurological disease characterized by muscular atrophy of the forearms and hands. Generally, the pathology is limited to the gray matter of the anterior horns in the lower cervical spinal cord. However, in rare cases the damage can spread to the white matter and present as long tract signs. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a 30-year-old female whose onset presented as unilateral muscle atrophy of the right hand in her teens...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502649/post-implantation-development-of-red-rumped-agouti-dasyprocta-leporina-linnaeus-1758
#8
Gleidson Benevides de Oliveira, Hélio Noberto de Araújo Júnior, Herson da Silva Costa, Alexandre Rodrigues Silva, Carlos Eduardo Bezerra de Moura, Hugo Alexandre de Oliveira Rocha, Maria Angélica Miglino, Moacir Franco de Oliveira
Fourteen pregnant agouti (Dasyprocta leporina Linnaeus, 1758) females at gestational ages of 30-100days and two at gestational ages of 55-100days, were studied, including 24 embryos/fetuses and two neonates (single offspring from two females). Females were euthanized and embryos/fetuses were examined, measured, and photographed. Embryos at 30days post-copulation were "C-shaped," with paddle-shaped limb buds and 10.75±0.11mm crown-rump length (CRL). In embryos at 35days post-copulation, paddle-shaped forelimbs, fin-shaped pelvic limbs, and a liver bud were evident, with 15...
May 2, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494279/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-presenting-as-a-right-adnexal-mass-with-histopathologic-correlation
#9
Etan Dayan, Hongfa Zhu, Alan B Copperman, Sara Lewis, Amita Kamath
The authors report and discuss a rare case of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in a 35-year-old female, which was pre-procedurally characterized as a right ovarian mass by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. This manuscript reviews the imaging and clinical features of GISTs with pathologic correlation, and emphasizes how this entity may present a diagnostic challenge in certain anatomic regions owing in large part to its exophytic nature. This case is unique among similarly reported cases in that there was a "claw sign" with the right ovary, which provided convincing evidence of its point of origin...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490954/pretarsus-structure-in-relation-to-climbing-ability-in-the-ants-brachyponera-sennaarensis-and-daceton-armigerum
#10
Johan Billen, Mohammed S Al-Khalifa, Rogério R Silva
We studied the external and internal pretarsus structure of the ants Brachyponera sennaarensis and Daceton armigerum in relation to their very different climbing ability. B. sennaarensis is a ground-dwelling species that is not able to climb vertical smooth walls. They have a pair of straight pretarsal claws with an average claw tip angle of 56 degrees, while the ventral tarsal surface lacks fine hairs that touch the substrate. They have no adhesive pad on the vestigial arolium, while the arolium gland is very small...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489895/flowering-after-disaster-early-danian-buckthorn-rhamnaceae-flowers-and-leaves-from-patagonia
#11
Nathan A Jud, Maria A Gandolfo, Ari Iglesias, Peter Wilf
Southern-Hemisphere terrestrial communities from the early Paleocene are poorly known, but recent work on Danian plant fossils from the Salamanca Formation in Chubut Province, Argentina are providing critical data on earliest Paleocene floras. The fossils described here come from a site in the Salamanca Formation dating to ca. 1 million years or less after the end-Cretaceous extinction event; they are the first fossil flowers reported from the Danian of South America, and possible the entire Southern Hemisphere...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488067/attachment-ability-of-the-southern-green-stink-bug-nezara-viridula-heteroptera-pentatomidae
#12
Gianandrea Salerno, Manuela Rebora, Elena Gorb, Alexander Kovalev, Stanislav Gorb
The present paper characterizes the attachment ability of males and females of Nezara viridula (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) on artificial surfaces (smooth hydrophilic, smooth hydrophobic, different surface roughness) and on both leaf surfaces of the typical host plant species Vicia faba, using a centrifugal force tester and a traction force experiments set up. N. viridula is a serious crop pest in the world and shows attachment devices different from the so far investigated Heteroptera, with a tarsus characterized by distal smooth flexible pulvilli combined with claws and proximal ventral hairy pad...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479346/cqtoll-participates-in-antiviral-response-against-white-spot-syndrome-virus-via-induction-of-anti-lipopolysaccharide-factor-in-red-claw-crayfish-cherax-quadricarinatus
#13
Yan-Yao Li, Xiao-Xiao Chen, Feng-Yu Lin, Qiu-Fan Chen, Xing-Yuan Ma, Hai-Peng Liu
It is well known that Tolls/Toll like receptors (TLRs), a family of pattern recognition receptors, play important roles in immune responses. Previously, we found that a Toll transcript was increased in a transcriptome library of haematopoietic tissue (Hpt) cells from the red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus post white spot syndrome virus infection. In the present study, a full-length cDNA sequence of Toll receptor (named as CqToll) was identified with 3482 bp which contained an open reading frame of 3021 bp encoding 1006 amino acids...
May 4, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475484/-performance-loss-and-changes-in-behaviour-caused-by-footrot
#14
M C Härdi-Landerer, S Grieder, R Mengelt, E Hillmann
Two flocks of ewes with lambs were compared for differences in performance. One group was permanently infected with footrot, the other one served as healthy control. They were kept in the same barn but in different bays during lambing and on pasture during the summer. Biweekly all animals were weighed and in the affected group all feet were scored for severity of footrot and if necessary the claws were treated. Furthermore the body condition was scored 4 times in the ewes. The lambs were slaughtered with 43 kg...
May 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465327/comparing-the-curative-efficacy-of-topical-treatment-with-thiamphenicol-and-oxytetracycline-on-digital-dermatitis-lesions-in-dairy-cattle
#15
M Holzhauer, R Ploegmakers-van Deventer, D Smits, W Swart
The efficacy of two topically applied antibiotics for the treatment of painful ulcerative stage of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) lesions was compared in a clinical trial conducted on five dairy farms in the Netherlands during the autumn of 2015. A total of 109 cows with an ulcerative (M2) stage of BDD were randomly appointed a treatment with an antibiotic-based spray. One treatment contained thiamphenicol as active ingredient (TAF). The other treatment had oxytetracycline as active ingredient (ENG). The experimental unit for this study was the hind claw with the presence of an ulcerative BDD lesion...
May 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462204/analysis-of-provincial-and-municipal-regulations-governing-crustacean-welfare-in-italy
#16
Gaetano Liuzzo, Roberto Rossi, Federica Giacometti, Giulia Mescolini, Silvia Piva, Andrea Serraino
The trade in live crustaceans implies keeping these animals alive after capture and/or farming until purchase by the final consumer. Regarding animal welfare, the European Union includes cephalopods in Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes, but there are no further regulations on crustaceans in EU legislation. The present study analysed the provisions of Italian municipal regulations on animal welfare applicable to crustaceans. Only 62 of the 110 municipal websites of the provincial capitals reported a regulation safeguarding animal welfare...
January 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457599/corkscrew-claw
#17
REVIEW
Sarel R van Amstel
Corkscrew claw (CSC) is a conformational abnormality of the digit and affecting mostly but not exclusively the claws of the back leg, first reported during the 1950s in Dutch black and white cattle. The affected claws are longer and narrower than the claw and have an inward and upward spiral rotation of the toe. Similarly, the bearing surface of the wall is displaced inward. The animal starts to bear weight on the abaxial wall surface, particularly the caudal segment, and the sole may become completely non-weight bearing...
April 27, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451884/manganese-tissue-accumulation-and-tyrosine-hydroxylase-immunostaining-response-in-the-neotropical-freshwater-crab-dilocarcinus-pagei-exposed-to-manganese
#18
Silvia Ponzoni
Manganese (Mn) is an essential metal for the development and function of the mammalian brain; however, excess Mn accumulation may cause neurological abnormalities resembling Parkinson's disease due to reductions in brain dopamine levels. Because dopamine also regulates many functions in crustaceans, this study examined the effects of Mn accumulation in Dilocarcinus pagei, a Neotropical freshwater crab. Following a 72-h exposure to graded concentrations of MnCl2, Mn accumulation was assessed in several tissues...
June 2017: Invertebrate Neuroscience: IN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444011/prototype-to-measure-bracket-debonding-force-in-vivo
#19
Jéssika Lagni Tonus, Fernanda Borguetti Manfroi, Gilberto Antonio Borges, Eduardo Correa Grigolo, Sérgio Helegda, Ana Maria Spohr
INTRODUCTION: Material biodegradation that occurs in the mouth may interfere in the bonding strength between the bracket and the enamel, causing lower bond strength values in vivo, in comparison with in vitro studies. OBJECTIVE: To develop a prototype to measure bracket debonding force in vivo and to evaluate, in vitro, the bond strength obtained with the prototype. METHODS: A original plier (3M Unitek) was modified by adding one strain gauge directly connected to its claw...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442154/pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-sole-ulcers-and-white-line-disease
#20
REVIEW
Jan K Shearer, Sarel R van Amstel
Sole ulcers and white line disease are 2 of the most common claw horn lesions in confined dairy cattle. Predisposing causes include unbalanced weight bearing, and metabolic, enzymatic, and hormonal changes. The white line serves as the junction between the sole and axial and abaxial wall. It is vulnerable to trauma and separation, permitting organic matter to become entrapped. Colonization contributes to retrograde movement of the infection to the solar and perioplic corium, where an abscess forms resulting in pain and lameness...
April 22, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
keyword
keyword
108443
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"