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End of life asian

Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' support towards the legalisation of euthanasia and examine demographic and psychological factors associated with these attitudes. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included an item on people's attitudes towards euthanasia, and information on their demographic and psychological characteristics. RESULTS: The majority of New Zealanders expressed support for euthanasia, which was assessed by asking "Suppose a person has a painful incurable disease...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
James McTavish
In some Asian countries, the poor are often denied access to health care. In the Philippines, we have thousands of Catholic doctors, Catholic nurses, even Catholic administrators, but not a Catholic, understood as "universal," healthcare system available to all. This is a scandal and places heavy emotional and financial burdens on many families who need to pay the healthcare costs of sick loved ones. The Church teaches the principles of ordinary and extraordinary care, with only the former being morally obligatory...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jessica R Bauman, Zofia Piotrowska, Alona Muzikansky, Emily Gallagher, Emily Scribner, Brandon Temel, Lecia V Sequist, Rebecca S Heist, Jennifer S Temel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Patients with metastatic nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations benefit from improved survival and quality of life with EGFR-directed therapy. We sought to explore if these improvements in cancer care impacted the delivery of end-of-life (EOL) care in this population. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients cared for at our institution with the diagnosis of metastatic EGFR-mutant NSCLC who died by January 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Sarah Cote, Susan Enguidanos
Although advance care planning (ACP) is associated with better care at the end of life, better quality of death, and less psychological distress in survivors, ethnic disparities in ACP completion rates have been documented and may be attributable to lack of knowledge about ACP or differences in cultural values and preferences. Despite rapid increases in the size of the Asian-American population, little is known about ACP preferences of Chinese Americans. The purpose of this study is to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and preferences of older Chinese Americans toward ACP...
September 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Patrick Albertus, Hal Morgenstern, Bruce Robinson, Rajiv Saran
BACKGROUND: Although incidence rates of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States are reported routinely by the US Renal Data System (USRDS), risks (probabilities) are not reported. Short- and long-term risk estimates need to be updated and expanded to minority populations, including Native Americans, Asian/Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics. STUDY DESIGN: Risk estimation from surveillance data in large populations using life-table methods. A competing-risks framework was applied by constructing a hypothetical cohort followed from birth to death...
December 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Ji Yeong Ryu, Hyuna Bae, Hattori Kenji, Zhai Xiaomei, Kwon Ivo, Kyong Jin Ahn
End of life care decision making has become a matter of serious ethical and legal concern in the three Far East Asian Countries of China, Japan and Korea. Researchers in the three countries collaboratively conducted a comparative descriptive study with respect to physicians' perspectives concerning end of life care decisions. In spite of cultural similarities, each country has its own unique set of social, cultural, and political circumstances. So the content and scope of policies and laws on end of life decision reflect the differing views of people based on their social status, moral values, religious beliefs, and economic status...
August 30, 2016: Death Studies
Dirk G Struijk
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of end-stage renal failure was introduced in the 1960s. Nowadays it has evolved to an established therapy that is complementary to hemodialysis (HD), representing 11% of all patients treated worldwide with dialysis. Despite good clinical outcomes and similar results in patient survival between PD and HD, the penetration of PD is decreasing in the Western world. SUMMARY: First the major events in the history of the development of PD are described...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
Vickie Wai-Ki Kwong, Philip Kam-Tao Li
BACKGROUND: There is a growing demand of dialysis in Asia for end-stage renal failure patients. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of end-stage renal failure in many countries in Asia. SUMMARY: The growth of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Asia is significant and seeing a good trend. With the enhanced practices of PD, the quality of care in PD in Asia is also improved. Overall, PD and hemodialysis (HD) are comparable in clinical outcome. There is a global trend in the reduction of peritonitis rates and Asian countries also witness such improvement...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
L B Lewandowski, L E Schanberg, N Thielman, A Phuti, A A Kalla, I Okpechi, P Nourse, P Gajjar, G Faller, P Ambaram, H Reuter, G Spittal, C Scott
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a life-threatening multisystem autoimmune disease that is more severe in patients of African ancestry and children, yet pediatric SLE on the African continent has been understudied. This study describes a cohort of pediatric SLE (PULSE) patients in South Africa. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of SLE (1997 American College of Rheumatology criteria) diagnosed prior to age 19 years in Cape Town, South Africa, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study from September 2013 to December 2014...
August 3, 2016: Lupus
Emma Wilkinson, Gurch Randhawa, Edwina Brown, Maria Da Silva Gane, John Stoves, Graham Warwick, Tahira Akhtar, Regina Magee, Sue Sharman, Ken Farrington
BACKGROUND: Variation in provision of palliative care in kidney services and practitioner concerns to provide equitable access led to the development of this study which focussed on the perspectives of South Asian patients and their care providers. As people with a South Asian background experience a higher risk of Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM) and end stage kidney failure (ESKF) compared to the majority population but wait longer for a transplant, there is a need for end of life care to be accessible for this group of patients...
July 11, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
Kristof Faes, Veerle De Frène, Joachim Cohen, Lieven Annemans
CONTEXT: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in their final months of life potentially place a high burden upon health care systems. Concrete knowledge about resources used and costs incurred by those patients at the end of life is crucial for policymakers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to describe the resources used and costs incurred by patients with COPD at the end of life. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature search in Medline, Web of Science and Econlit...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Jiangtao Lin, Huaping Tang, Ping Chen, Haoyan Wang, Mi-Kyeong Kim, Jodie Crawford, Loretta Jacques, Sally Stone
BACKGROUND: Response to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA) combinations varies across ethnic groups. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of the ICS/LABA combination fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (FF/VI) 100/25 μg in Asian patients with asthma. METHODS: A randomized (1:1), 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group, multicenter phase III study of once-daily FF/VI 100/25 μg versus placebo in patients of Asian ancestry ages ≥12 years with asthma, uncontrolled on a low- to mid-strength ICS or low-dose ICS/LABA...
July 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Swarna Weerasinghe, Victor Maddalena
In the present study, we explored family caregivers' experiences in providing end-of-life care for terminally ill South Asian immigrants. We employed qualitative methods and. in-depth interviews were conducted with seven family caregivers living in Nova Scotia, Canada. Interview data were validated, coded and organized for themes. Three major themes identified in the data illustrated (a) how South Asian caregivers experienced clashes between biomedical and ethno-cultural realms of care that led to cultural insensitivity, (b) how family members acted as mediators, and (c) how communication issues that challenged cultural sensitivity were handled...
June 30, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Chetna Malhotra, David Kheng Leng Sim, Fazlur Jaufeerally, Nivedita Nadkarni Vikas, Genevieve Wong Cheng Sim, Boon Cheng Tan, Clarice Shu Hwa Ng, Pei Leng Tho, Jingfen Lim, Claire Ya-Ting Chuang, Florence Hui Mei Fong, Joy Liu, Eric A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Despite the promise and popularity of advance care planning, there is insufficient evidence that advance care planning helps patients to meet their end-of-life care preferences, especially in Asian settings. Thus, the proposed study aims to assess whether patients with advanced heart failure who are receiving advance care planning have a greater likelihood of receiving end-of-life care consistent with their preferences compared to patients receiving usual care. Secondary objectives are to compare differences in health care expenditures, quality of life, anxiety and depression, understanding of own illness, participation in decision-making and concordance with their caregiver's preferences for end-of-life care, between patients with advanced heart failure receiving advance care planning and usual care...
June 10, 2016: Trials
H J Lim, T Y Koo, J Lee, K H Huh, J B Park, J Cho, S Lee, H Ro, S Han, B Park, S Park, W Chung, S K Park, C Kim, S J Kim, Y S Kim, C Ahn, J Yang
BACKGROUND: As patient and graft survival rates have been improving after kidney transplantation, health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) has become an important indicator of effective treatment. This study aimed to evaluate changes in HR-QOL after kidney transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The KoreaN cohort study for Outcome in patients With Kidney Transplantation (KNOW-KT) is a multicenter, observational, 9-year, cohort study. The HR-QOL of patients in the KNOW-KT study was assessed before transplantation and 2 years after transplantation using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form (KDQOL-SF) including chronic kidney disease targeted area and the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)...
April 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Ahsan A Syed, Aysha Almas, Quratulain Naeem, Umer F Malik, Tariq Muhammad
BACKGROUND: In Asian societies including Pakistan, a complex background of illiteracy, different familial dynamics, lack of patient's autonomy, religious beliefs, and financial constraints give new dimensions to code status discussion. Barriers faced by physicians during code status discussion in these societies are largely unknown. AIM: To determine the barriers and perceptions in discussion of code status by physicians. DESIGN: Questionnaire-based cross-sectional study...
May 25, 2016: Palliative Medicine
Bruce M Robinson, Tadao Akizawa, Kitty J Jager, Peter G Kerr, Rajiv Saran, Ronald L Pisoni
More than 2 million people worldwide are being treated for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). This Series paper provides an overview of incidence, modality use (in-centre haemodialysis, home dialysis, or transplantation), and mortality for patients with ESKD based on national registry data. We also present data from an international cohort study to highlight differences in haemodialysis practices that affect survival and the experience of patients who rely on this therapy, which is both life-sustaining and profoundly disruptive to their quality of life...
July 16, 2016: Lancet
F Yang, K Griva, T Lau, A Vathsala, E Lee, H J Ng, N Mooppil, S P Newman, K S Chia, N Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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