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Asian cancer

Abolfazl Namazi, Mohammad Forat-Yazdi, Mohammadali Jafari, Soudabeh Farahnak, Rezvan Nasiri, Elnaz Foroughi, Seyed Mojtaba Abolbaghaei, Hossein Neamatzadeh
BACKGROUND: The promoter -1082 A/G (rs1800896) polymorphism of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene have been widely reported and considered to have a significant role on gastric cancer risk, but the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the associations IL-10 -1082 A/G polymorphism with gastric cancer. METHODS: Eligible articles were identified by searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar up to August 03, 2017...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Ning Zhou, Quankai Gu
PURPOSE: Several studies have examined the potential role of p16 protein expression as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in various cancers. However, it remains unclear whether p16 protein expression is a prognostic and diagnostic factor for colorectal cancer. Therefore, this meta-analysis is conducted to evaluate the associations of p16 protein expression with overall survival (OS) and clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer. METHODS: According to PRISMA guideline, relevant literatures were identified by searching Medicine, Web of Science, WanFang, and CNKI databases...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Huihui Mao, Kai Wang, Yuehua Feng, Jun Zhang, Lili Pan, Yuxia Zhan, Haijun Sheng, Guanghua Luo
Background: The aberrant expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X inactivate-specific transcript (XIST) has been demonstrated to be involved in the tumourigenesis and the development of various cancers. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the prognostic role of lncRNA XIST expression in solid tumors. Methods: The databases of PubMed, EMBase, Web of Science, Cochrane library (up to Dec 31, 2017) were searched for the related studies and identified 15 eligible studies containing 1209 patients to include in the meta-analysis...
2018: Cancer Cell International
Rui-Hua Xu, Kei Muro, Satoshi Morita, Satoru Iwasa, Sae Won Han, Wei Wang, Masahito Kotaka, Masato Nakamura, Joong Bae Ahn, Yan-Hong Deng, Takeshi Kato, Sang-Hee Cho, Yi Ba, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Keun-Wook Lee, Tao Zhang, Yasuhide Yamada, Junichi Sakamoto, Young Suk Park, Tae Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Studies of a modified XELIRI (mXELIRI; capecitabine plus irinotecan) regimen suggest promising efficacy and tolerability profiles in the first-line and second-line settings. Therefore, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of the mXELIRI regimen with that of standard FOLFIRI (leucovorin, fluorouracil, and irinotecan), with or without bevacizumab in both regimens, as a second-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. METHODS: We did a multicentre, open-label, randomised, non-inferiority, phase 3 trial...
March 16, 2018: Lancet Oncology
Bing-Sheng Lin, Yan-Shen Shan, Wan-Chen Liu, Chin-Han Wu, Pei-Ying Wu, Keng-Fu Hsu
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for the development of endometrial cancer and abdominal wall hernias. We report a case of tension pneumoperitoneum that developed after gynecological surgery and mesh repair of a ventral hernia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old Asian Taiwanese woman with a body mass index of 52.9 (kg/m2 ) underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy due to endometrial cancer, and ventral herniorrhaphy with mesh due to ventral hernia...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Julie A Lynch, Brygida Berse, Merry Rabb, Paul Mosquin, Rob Chew, Suzanne L West, Nicole Coomer, Daniel Becker, John Kautter
BACKGROUND: Tumor testing for mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene is indicated for all newly diagnosed, metastatic lung cancer patients, who may be candidates for first-line treatment with an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Few studies have analyzed population-level testing. METHODS: We identified clinical, demographic, and regional predictors of EGFR & KRAS testing among Medicare beneficiaries with a new diagnosis of lung cancer in 2011-2013 claims...
March 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
Qing Li, Yan Ding, Xu-Yin Zhang, Wei-Wei Feng, Ke-Qin Hua
Objective To provide novel insights into the clinical treatment of adenomyosis. Methods Two hundred patients with adenomyosis were enrolled in this prospective, nonrandomized, parallel-controlled study with a 1-year follow-up in our hospital. Group 1 was treated with 3.75 mg leuprorelin acetate (LA) (n = 40), Group 2 was treated with 1.88 mg LA (n = 40), Group 3 underwent Mirena implantation (n = 40), Group 4 underwent Mirena implantation after treatment with 3.75 mg LA (n = 40), Group 5 underwent Mirena implantation after treatment with 1...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Toshirou Nishida
There are some disparities between the clinical practice and profiles of cancer in Asia and those in Europe & North America. In Asia, surgical oncologists still have a major role in the multidisciplinary therapy of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), whereas medical oncologists hold this status in the West. Although the incidence of clinical GIST is considered similar between the two areas, small gastric GISTs are more frequently treated by surgery in East Asia compared with Europe & North America...
2018: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Shaomin Yan, Guang Wu
It is curious that East Asian women have a low incidence and mortality of ovarian cancer in various epidemiological studies. Although different explanations were given, they appear unsubstantial. We notice that East Asian population usually are inactive aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 mutation (ALDH2 * 2) carriers, and ALDH plays an important role in the resistance of ovarian cancer to chemotherapeutics, especially in ovarian cancer stem cells. Therefore, we hypothesize whether ALDH2 mutation is the major reason for low incidence and mortality of ovarian cancer in East Asian women, and use the evidence from literature, transcriptomic data with average 5-year overall survival to confirm our hypothesis...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Chong Guo, Li Wen, Ju-Kun Song, Weng-Jing Zeng, Chao Dan, Yu-Ming Niu, Ming Shen
Previous studies have suggested that interleukin-10 (IL-10) polymorphisms may be associated with an increased risk of developing cervical cancer. However, the published results on this subject matter are controversial. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published reports to more precisely investigate the relationship between IL-10 polymorphisms and cervical cancer risk. Five online databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of SCI, CNKI and Wanfang) were searched, and seventeen articles with sufficient quantitative information were included in our meta-analysis...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Chao Liang, Huiyu Dong, Chenkui Miao, Jundong Zhu, Jie Wang, Pu Li, Jie Li, Zengjun Wang
Recent studies have shown that tripartite motif-containing protein 29 (TRIM29) had prognostic values in several cancers. However, different studies have been inconsistent. We conducted a meta-analysis to elucidate the precise predictive value of TRIM29 in various human malignant disease. Eleven eligible studies with 2046 patients were ultimately enrolled in this meta-analysis. Heterogeneity between studies was assessed using I2 statistics. Pooled Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for patient survival and disease recurrence were calculated to investigate the correlation between TRIM29 expression and cancer prognosis...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Leena Chularojanamontri, Papapit Tuchinda, Chayanee Likitwattananurak, Kamolwan Pongparit, Chuda Rujitharanawong, Suthinee Ithimakin, Kanokvalai Kulthanan
BACKGROUND: Several prospective studies have been conducted in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor-related cutaneous reactions in Caucasian patients, but prospective studies in Asian populations are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cutaneous side effects of EGFR inhibitors in Asian cancer patients and to assess tumor response to dermatologic manifestations. METHODS: Sixty patients with lung or colorectal cancer who were receiving EGFR inhibitors were prospectively followed for at least one year by oncologists and dermatologists...
March 12, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Tina H T Chiu, Wen-Harn Pan, Ming-Nan Lin, Chin-Lon Lin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vegetarian diets are inversely associated with diabetes in Westerners but their impact on Asians-whose pathophysiology differ from Westerners-is unknown. We aim to investigate the association between a vegetarian diet, change in dietary patterns and diabetes risk in a Taiwanese Buddhist population. METHODS: We prospectively followed 2918 non-smoking, non-alcohol drinking Buddhists free of diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases at baseline, for a median of 5 years, with 183 incident diabetes cases confirmed...
March 9, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
Jie Wu, Shigui Yang, Kaijin Xu, Cheng Ding, Yuqing Zhou, Xiaofang Fu, Yiping Li, Min Deng, Chencheng Wang, Xiaoxiao Liu, Lanjuan Li
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We examined temporal trends in liver cancer incidence rates overall and by histological type from the years 1983 through 2007. We predict trends in liver cancer incidence rates through 2030 for selected Eastern and Southeastern Asian countries. METHODS: Data on yearly liver cancer incident cases by age group and sex were drawn from 6 major selected Eastern and Southeastern Asian countries or regions with cancer registries available in the CI5plus database, including China, Japan, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR), the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand...
March 13, 2018: Gastroenterology
Erfan Amini, Tracy Campanelli Palmer, Jie Cai, Gary Lieskovsky, Siamak Daneshmand, Hooman Djaladat
PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated prostate cancer oncologic outcomes in different ethnic groups following radical prostatectomy for clinically organ-confined disease. Existing studies lack long-term outcome data. We conducted this study to assess the impact of racial differences on risk profile and oncologic outcomes in a large cohort of patients with prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy. METHODS: Using our institutional review board-approved prostate cancer database, we retrospectively reviewed the records of 3437 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy with curative intent in our institution between 1987 and 2009...
March 13, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Yuhan Liu, Anbang He, Baoer Liu, Yucheng Zhong, Xinhui Liao, Jiangeng Yang, Jieqing Chen, Jianting Wu, Hongbing Mei
Several epidemiological studies have reported that polymorphisms in microRNA-196a2 (miR-196a2) were associated with various cancers. However, the results remained unverified and were inconsistent in different cancers. Therefore, we carried out an updated meta-analysis to elaborate the effects of rs11614913 polymorphism on cancer susceptibility. A total of 84 articles with 35,802 cases and 41,541 controls were included to evaluate the association between the miR-196a2 rs11614913 and cancer risk by pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Liang Tang, Jianming Li, Meihua Bao, Ju Xiang, Yiwei Chen, Yan Wang
Objective: The estrogen receptor (ER) and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) each play an important role in female cancers. This study aimed to investigate the genetic association between three common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of ovarian cancer. The SNPs investigated in this study were ESR2 rs1271572 and rs3020450 and HER2 rs1801200. Methods: In this study, databases were electronically searched in a meta-analysis. Databases used were PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang and Cochrane library...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Xin Wang, Yubei Huang, Lian Li, Hongji Dai, Fengju Song, Kexin Chen
BACKGROUND: The Gail model has been widely used and validated with conflicting results. The current study aims to evaluate the performance of different versions of the Gail model by means of systematic review and meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis (TSA). METHODS: Three systematic review and meta-analyses were conducted. Pooled expected-to-observed (E/O) ratio and pooled area under the curve (AUC) were calculated using the DerSimonian and Laird random-effects model...
March 13, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Z Sun, X Y Wu, C L Wu
HOTAIR has been reported to be associated with development and metastasis in different types of cancer. This meta- analysis collected all relevant articles and explored the correlation of HOTAIR with lymph node metastasis (LNM) and distant metastasis (DM). A literature collection was conducted by searching PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library (up to Sep 11, 2016). The odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was calculated to assess the association with strength. Nineteen studies were included in this study, with a total of 1874 patients...
2018: Neoplasma
Zhengsheng Liu, Tao Wang, Zhun Wu, Kaiyan Zhang, Wei Li, Jianbin Yang, Chenxi Chen, Lei Chen, Jinchun Xing
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the functional telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) rs2853669 polymorphism might contribute to different types of human cancer. However, the association of this mutation with cancer remains controversial. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis to characterize this relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS/MAIN RESULTS: A systematic search of studies on the association of TERT rs2853669 polymorphism with all types of cancer was conducted in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library...
2018: PloS One
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