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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430375/sociodemographic-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-acceptance-of-outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-therapy-in-a-singapore-tertiary-hospital-from-2014-to-2017
#1
Liang En Wee, Mangaikarasi Sundarajoo, Way-Fang Quah, Ahmad Farhati, Jie-Ying Huang, Ying-Ying Chua
Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) can facilitate early discharge; however, not all offered OPAT can accept. We assessed factors associated with acceptance of OPAT in a large Asian tertiary hospital cohort. From 2014 to 2017, we reviewed all referrals to Singapore General Hospital's (SGH) Outpatient Parenteral Antibiotic Therapy (OPAT) service. We compared differences in sociodemographic and clinical factors between patients who opted for OPAT and those who declined, using chi-square test for univariate analysis and logistic regression for multivariate analysis...
November 14, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359277/can-caregivers-report-their-care-recipients-post-stroke-hospitalizations-and-outpatient-visits-accurately-findings-of-an-asian-prospective-stroke-cohort
#2
Shilpa Tyagi, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Nan Luo, Kelvin Bryan Tan, Helen Hoenig, David B Matchar, Joanne Yoong, Eric A Finkelstein, Kim En Lee, N Venketasubramanian, Edward Menon, Kin Ming Chan, Deidre Anne De Silva, Philip Yap, Boon Yeow Tan, Effie Chew, Sherry H Young, Yee Sien Ng, Tian Ming Tu, Yan Hoon Ang, Keng He Kong, Rajinder Singh, Reshma A Merchant, Hui Meng Chang, Tseng Tsai Yeo, Chou Ning, Angela Cheong, Yu Li Ng, Chuen Seng Tan
BACKGROUND: Health services research aimed at understanding service use and improving resource allocation often relies on collecting subjectively reported or proxy-reported healthcare service utilization (HSU) data. It is important to know the discrepancies in such self or proxy reports, as they have significant financial and policy implications. In high-dependency populations, such as stroke survivors, with varying levels of cognitive impairment and dysphasia, caregivers are often potential sources of stroke survivors' HSU information...
October 25, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318901/a-grounded-theory-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-carers-for-people-living-with-dementia-from-three-bame-communities-balancing-the-need-for-support-against-fears-of-being-diminished
#3
Subitha Baghirathan, Richard Cheston, Rosa Hui, Anndeloris Chacon, Paula Shears, Katie Currie
An estimated 25,000 people of Black, Asian and other Minority Ethnic (BAME) origins live with dementia in UK - a number which is expected to increase sevenfold by 2051. People from many BAME communities experience dementia in a markedly different way to their white British counterparts. For instance diagnosis is more likely to occur at an advanced stage of the illness, while there is a lower take-up of mainstream dementia services. This research study focused on the experiences of caregivers for family and friends living with dementia from South Asian, African Caribbean and Chinese communities in Bristol...
October 14, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296834/awareness-and-understanding-of-dementia-in-south-asians-a-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#4
Muhammad Hossain, John Crossland, Rebecca Stores, Ann Dewey, Yohai Hakak
Background Despite a growing elderly South Asian population, little is known about the experience of diagnosis and care for those living with dementia. There have been a number of individual qualitative studies exploring the experiences of South Asian people living with dementia and their carers across different contexts. There has also been a growing interest in synthesizing qualitative research to systematically integrate qualitative evidence from multiple studies to tell us more about a topic at a more abstract level than single studies alone...
October 8, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262346/-asymptomatic-south-auckland-preschool-children-have-significant-hearing-loss-and-middle-ear-disease
#5
Louise J Dickinson, Moea Nimmo, Randall P Morton, Suzanne C Purdy
BACKGROUND: Seven hundred children were recalled for hearing screening at age 2-3 years due to a problem with their newborn hearing screen. They had all been well babies with no identified risk factors for hearing loss and hence were not scheduled for targeted follow-up to retest hearing. METHODS: There were 485 children (69%) that attended the recall. The average age was 36 months (SD 3.7). Family ethnicity was Pacific Island (36%), Asian (26%), NZ European (13%), and Māori (11%), and there was a high level of deprivation in the study population...
November 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251336/long-term-nasogastric-versus-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-feeding-in-older-asians-with-dysphagia-a-pragmatic-study
#6
Mohamad Hasif Jaafar, Sanjiv Mahadeva, Kit Mun Tan, Ai-Vyrn Chin, Shahrul B Kamaruzzaman, Hui Min Khor, Nor Izzati Saedon, Maw Pin Tan
BACKGROUND: A barrier to gastrostomy feeding exists among Asian clinicians and caregivers due to negative perceptions regarding complications. We compared clinical and nutrition outcomes in older dysphagic Asian patients with nasogastric (NG) or gastrostomy tube feeding using a pragmatic study design. METHODS: The choice of enteral tube access was determined by managing clinicians and patients/caregivers. Comparisons of tube feeding methods were made during a 4-month period, adjusting statistically for inherent confounders...
September 25, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106203/whom-should-i-rely-on-for-my-future-care-patterns-of-care-expectations-and-intergenerational-correlates-among-ageing-chinese-adults-in-hong-kong
#7
Xue Bai
This study examined ageing parents' care expectations across multiple care domains (financial and material, emotional, personal and informational) towards filial and formal sources and identified intergenerational correlates of care expectation patterns using a proposed care expectation model. Data of 780 eligible ageing parents were drawn from a representative household survey of ageing adults (≥50 years) conducted in 2016-2017. Latent class analysis was used to examine the typological structure underlying ageing parents' care expectations...
August 14, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007521/understanding-factors-that-influence-the-demand-for-dialysis-among-elderly-in-a-multi-ethnic-asian-society
#8
Eric Andrew Finkelstein, Semra Ozdemir, Chetna Malhotra, Tazeen H Jafar, Lina Choong Hui Lin, Sheryl Gan Shien Wen
BACKGROUND: Despite literature suggesting conservative management (CM) is a viable option for elderly comorbid ESRD patients, the vast majority in Singapore receive dialysis. We hypothesized that the high demand for dialysis is driven by 1) lack of knowledge of CM and relative benefits of dialysis to CM, 2) adherence to physician recommendations which favour dialysis, and 3) high subsidies for haemodialysis (HD). METHODS: We tested these hypotheses via a survey, including a discrete choice experiment (DCE), administered to 151 elderly pre-dialysis kidney patients and their family caregivers...
August 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969849/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-abusive-behaviors-in-the-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-in-korea
#9
Taehyun Kim, Hyeon Jeong, Ji Won Han, Kyung Phil Kwak, Bong-Jo Kim, Shin-Kyeom Kim, Jeong Lan Kim, Tae Hui Kim, Seung-Ho Ryu, Seok Woo Moon, Jae Young Park, Joon Hyuk Park, Jae Nam Bae, Jong Chul Youn, Dong Young Lee, Dong Woo Lee, Seok Bum Lee, Jung Jae Lee, Jin Hyeong Jhoo, Jungwon Lee, Ki Woong Kim
Objective: We investigated the prevalence and risk factors of physically abusive behaviors (PhAB) and psychologically abusive behaviors (PsAB) towards people with dementia (PWD) in family caregivers, and compared their prevalences between East Asian and Western countries. Methods: We estimated the prevalence and risk factors of PhAB and PsAB in 467 Korean pairs of community-dwelling PWD and their primary family caregivers. We evaluated abusive behaviors using the Modified Conflict Tactics Scale...
July 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938212/patient-portal-usage-in-pediatric-urology-is-it-meaningful-use-for-everyone
#10
Ruth A Bush, Andrew C Richardson, Diana Cardona-Grau, Hena Din, Cynthia L Kuelbs, George J Chiang
Introduction: The Affordable Care Act promotes multiple directives for meaningful use of the Electronic Health Record, such as patient/provider portals, to increase patient engagement. Although portal use is common within adult healthcare, little information exists regarding pediatric portal use. We examined pediatric urology patient portal enrollment and activation patterns at a tertiary pediatric hospital in Southern California by race/ethnicity, preferred language, gender, and residential region...
July 2018: Urology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902469/acceptance-of-tele-rehabilitation-by-stroke-patients-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators
#11
Shilpa Tyagi, Daniel Sy Lim, Wilbert Hh Ho, Yun Qing Koh, Vincent Cai, Gerald Ch Koh, Helena Legido-Quigley
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceived barriers and facilitators of tele-rehabilitation by stroke patients, caregivers and rehabilitation therapists in an Asian setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study involving semi-structured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. SETTING: General community PARTICIPANTS: 37 participants including stroke patients, their caregivers and tele-therapists selected by purposive sampling. INTERVENTIONS: STARS trial...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901494/speaking-up-and-walking-out-are-vulnerable-patients-less-likely-to-disagree-with-or-change-doctors
#12
Steven C Martino, Marc N Elliott, Joshua S Mallett, Nate Orr, Sarah Gaillot, Amelia M Haviland
BACKGROUND: Disparities in clinical process-of-care and patient experiences are well documented for Medicare beneficiaries with ≥1 social risk factors. If such patients are less willing to express disagreement with their doctors or change doctors when dissatisfied, these behaviors may play a role in observed disparities. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between social risk factors and self-reported likelihood of disagreeing with or changing doctors if dissatisfied among the Medicare fee-for-service population...
September 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883281/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-u-s-nursing-home-residents
#13
Yue Li, Xueya Cai, Charlene Harrington, Michael Hasselberg, Yeates Conwell, Xi Cen, Helena Temkin-Greener
This study aimed to examine racial and ethnic differences in significant depressive symptoms among long-term nursing home residents. We analyzed the 2014 national Minimum Data Set linked to a nursing home file and estimated multivariable logistic regressions to determine the associations of race and ethnicities with significant depressive symptoms (score ≥ 10 on the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9] scale) and whether associations were explained by resident and nursing home covariates. Stratified analyses further determined independent associations in subgroups of residents...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882771/food-allergy-perceptions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-racially-diverse-sample
#14
Alicia Toeruna Widge, Elizabeth Flory, Hemant Sharma, Linda Jones Herbert
This study examined caregiver perceptions of risk of food allergen exposure, and food allergy severity, worry, and health-related quality of life, and identified variations by race/ethnicity. Given the lack of data on racial/ethnic background in research on the psychosocial impacts of food allergy, this study meets a pressing need for research regarding food allergy-related experiences among diverse populations. This study found there were significant differences in perceived risk of allergen exposure among racial/ethnic groups with Asian Americans reporting significantly higher perceived risk of allergen exposure than Hispanic, Caucasian, and African American caregivers...
June 6, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869345/smoking-in-pregnancy-is-a-key-factor-for-sudden-infant-death-among-m%C3%A4-ori
#15
M MacFarlane, J M D Thompson, J Zuccollo, G McDonald, D Elder, A W Stewart, B Lawton, T Percival, N Baker, M Schlaud, P Fleming, B Taylor, E A Mitchell
AIM: To examine the sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) disparity between Māori and non-Māori in New Zealand. METHODS: A nationwide prospective case-control study ran from March 2012 to February 2015. Exposure to established SUDI risk factors was analysed to investigate the disparity experienced by Māori. Infant ethnicity was based on mother's ethnicity. Māori ethnicity was prioritised. Non-Māori includes Pacific, Asian, NZ European and Other. RESULTS: There were 137 cases and 649 controls...
June 5, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689472/autonomic-dysreflexia-following-acute-myelitis-due-to-neuromyelitis-optica
#16
Julio C Furlan
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction is a relatively common secondary complication of tetraplegia. In addition to low baseline arterial blood pressure, tetraplegics can develop sudden-onset hypertensive episodes associated with a variety of symptoms and signs (so-called autonomic dysreflexia). Unfortunately, this potentially life-threatening medical entity is often overlooked and mismanaged. With this, a case of typical presentation of autonomic dysreflexia in an individual with acute severe cervical spinal cord impairment due to neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is reported and discussed...
July 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688843/cost-of-medical-care-of-patients-with-advanced-serious-illness-in-singapore-compass-prospective-cohort-study-protocol
#17
Irene Teo, Ratna Singh, Chetna Malhotra, Semra Ozdemir, Rebecca A Dent, Nesaretnam Barr Kumarakulasinghe, Wee Lee Yeo, Yin Bun Cheung, Rahul Malhotra, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Alethea Chung Pheng Yee, Noreen Chan, Huei Yaw Wu, Soh Mun Chin, Hum Yin Mei Allyn, Grace Meijuan Yang, Patricia Soek Hui Neo, Nivedita V Nadkarni, Richard Harding, Eric A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Advanced cancer significantly impacts quality of life of patients and families as they cope with symptom burden, treatment decision-making, uncertainty and costs of treatment. In Singapore, information about the experiences of advanced cancer patients and families and the financial cost they incur for end-of-life care is lacking. Understanding of this information is needed to inform practice and policy to ensure continuity and affordability of care at the end of life. The primary objectives of the Cost of Medical Care of Patients with Advanced Serious Illness in Singapore (COMPASS) cohort study are to describe changes in quality of life and to quantify healthcare utilization and costs of patients with advanced cancer at the end of life...
April 23, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688754/aripiprazole-for-irritability-in-asian-children-and-adolescents-with-autistic-disorder-a-12-week-multinational-multicenter-prospective-open-label-study
#18
Hyo-Won Kim, Eun-Jin Park, Ji-Hoon Kim, Vitharon Boon-Yasidhi, Jariya Tarugsa, Alexis Reyes, Stella Manalo, Yoo-Sook Joung
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effectiveness and tolerability of aripiprazole in the treatment of irritability in Asian children and adolescents (6-17 years) with autistic disorder in a 12-week, multinational, multicenter, open-label study. METHODS: Sixty-seven subjects (10.0 ± 3.1 years old, 52 boys) were enrolled and treated with flexibly dosed aripiprazole for 12 weeks (mean dose, 5.1 ± 2.5 mg; range 2-15 mg). RESULTS: Aripiprazole significantly reduced the mean caregiver-rated scores for the Irritability, Lethargy/Social Withdrawal, Stereotypy, Hyperactivity, and Inappropriate Speech subscales of the Aberrant Behavior Checklist from baseline to week 12 (p < 0...
July 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682835/longitudinal-examination-of-family-efficacy-following-pediatric-stem-cell-transplant
#19
Rachel Tillery, Naomi E Joffe, Constance A Mara, Stella M Davies, Ahna L H Pai
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric stem cell transplant (pSCT) is emotionally demanding for families. Yet, we know little of how the family unit responds to the adversity of pSCT within the first year after transplant. Family efficacy, an indicator of family resilience, is linked to positive parent, child, and family adjustment. Better understanding the factors that promote family efficacy during this difficult time could inform modifiable intervention targets and improve child and parent adjustment...
August 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666801/current-therapeutic-landscape-for-advanced-gastroesophageal-cancers
#20
REVIEW
Anthony Lopez, Kazuto Harada, Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Jaffer A Ajani
Treatment of advanced gastroesophageal cancers remains challenging for clinicians, patients, and caregivers alike. Despite considerable research, the therapeutic armamentarium is restricted and hardly personalized. In the first-line setting, trastuzumab with a fluoropyrimidine and platinum agent is the standard-of-care in patients with HER2-positive tumor. For the others, a platinum-based doublet (preferably with oxaliplatin) is recommended. Three-drug cytotoxic regimens should be reserved for exceptional cases where patients have good performance status...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
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