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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#1
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685173/health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-with-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Hee Sun Baek, Hee Gyung Kang, Hyun Jin Choi, Hae Il Cheong, Il Soo Ha, Kyung Hee Han, Seong Heon Kim, Hee Yeon Cho, Jae Il Shin, Young Seo Park, Joo Hoon Lee, Joongyub Lee, Curie Ahn, Min Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) of Asian children with pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to reveal the factors influencing the QOL of children with CKD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scale Module in the KNOW-PedCKD (KoreaN cohort study for Outcome in patients with Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease) cohort, and compared the child self-reported and parent proxy-reported QOL of the pediatric cohort...
July 6, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675135/opportunities-for-strengthening-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policies-in-south-asia-insights-from-the-saifrn-policy-analysis-project
#3
Anne Marie Thow, Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Sabrina Rasheed, S K Roy, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Archana Patel, Abhay Gaidhane, Seema Puri, Sanjeeva Godakandage, Upul Senarath, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: South Asian countries experience some of the highest levels of child undernutrition in the world, strongly linked to poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. Strong and responsive policy support is essential for effective interventions to improve IYCF. This study aimed to identify opportunities for strengthening the policy environment in the region to better support appropriate infant and young child feeding. METHODS: We mapped policies relevant to infant and young child feeding in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal, based on a common matrix...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665210/does-depression-screening-in-schools-reduce-adolescent-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-accessing-treatment
#4
Sisi Guo, Joanna J Kim, Laurel Bear, Anna S Lau
Although placing mental health services in schools increases access to care, racial/ethnic disparities persist within the scope of school-based mental health services. Universal mental health screening is a potential strategy to increase problem detection and reduce disparities in care provision. However, no study has experimentally tested the effect of universal screening on patterns of service utilization across racial groups and the potential to reduce disparities. Using a cluster randomized design, we compared service linkage patterns among 7th- and 8th-grade Asian American and Latino students (N = 2,494; Mage = 13...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633382/detecting-predeath-grief-in-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-validity-and-utility-of-the-marwit-meuser-caregiver-grief-inventory-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population
#5
Tau Ming Liew, Beow Im Yeap, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Mihir Gandhi, Kheng Siew Tan, Nan Luo, Philip Yap
Background and Objectives: Coping with predeath grief (PDG) is an unmet need in caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD). The Marwit-Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory (MM-CGI) and its abbreviated MM-CGI-Short-Form (MM-CGI-SF) are among the few empirically developed scales that detect PDG, yet they have not been substantially validated outside United States. We evaluated the reliability and validity of the PDG scales in a multiethnic Asian population distinct from that of United States...
June 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631517/what-factors-influence-emergency-department-visits-by-patients-with-cancer-at-the-end-of-life-analysis-of-a-124-030-patient-cohort
#6
Lesley A Henson, Irene J Higginson, Wei Gao
BACKGROUND: Emergency department visits towards the end of life by patients with cancer are increasing over time. This is despite evidence of an association with poor patient and caregiver outcomes and most patients preferring home-based care. AIM: To identify socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with end-of-life emergency department visits and determine the relationship between patients' prior emergency department use and risk of multiple (⩾2) visits in the last month of life...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619228/effect-of-community-health-clubs-on-child-diarrhoea-in-western-rwanda-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Sheela S Sinharoy, Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Ronald Wendt, Leodomir Mfura, Erin Crossett, Karen A Grépin, William Jack, Bernard Ngabo Rwabufigiri, James Habyarimana, Thomas Clasen
BACKGROUND: Community health clubs are multi-session village-level gatherings led by trained facilitators and designed to promote healthy behaviours mainly related to water, sanitation, and hygiene. They have been implemented in several African and Asian countries but have never been evaluated rigorously. We aimed to evaluate the effect of two versions of the community health club model on child health and nutrition outcomes. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised trial in Rusizi district, western Rwanda...
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613954/comparison-of-sleep-characteristics-patterns-and-problems-in-young-children-within-the-southeast-asian-region
#8
Kim D Y Daban, Daniel Y T Goh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Optimal sleeping habits are important for health development of infants. The role of culture in sleep habits cannot be underestimated. We aimed to characterize sleep patterns, sleep practices, and sleep problems; and assess the sleep settings and parental perceptions of sleep problems in children from birth to 36 months in countries in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. PARTICIPANTS: Parents and caregivers of infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months old) from countries in Southeast Asia participated in this study...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597353/bringing-the-family-in-through-the-back-door-the-stealthy-expansion-of-family-care-in-asian-and-european-long-term-care-policy
#9
Naonori Kodate, Virpi Timonen
In the era of global ageing, amid political concerns about increasing care needs and long-term sustainability of current care regimes, most high-income economies are seeking to minimise the use of institutional care and to expand formal home care for their older populations. In long-term care reforms, concerns about public funding, formal providers and the paid care workforce are foremost. However, an integral yet hidden part of all these reforms is the stealthily growing role of family carers. This article aims to identify and spell out how developments in formal home care bring about different modes of increasing, encouraging and necessitating family care inputs, across welfare states...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583418/policies-for-managing-emergency-medical-services-in-mass-casualty-incidents
#10
B Adini, M Bodas, H Nilsson, K Peleg
INTRODUCTION: Diverse decision-making is needed in managing mass casualty incidents (MCIs), by emergency medical services (EMS). The aim of the study was to review consensus among international experts concerning policies of EMS management during MCIs. METHODS: Applicability of 21 EMS policies was tested through a 2-cycle modified e-Delphi process, in which 38 multi-disciplinary experts from 10 countries participated. Threshold for approving proposed solutions was defined as consensus of >80%...
May 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528453/issues-of-aging-an-exploration-of-asian-american-families-in-the-southern-region-of-the-united-states-from-the-perspective-of-community-leaders
#11
Suzie S Weng
This paper focuses on older adults and the aging concerns of this population among groups of Asian American communities in a specific state in the southern region of the United States. A qualitative approach was used to gain a more in-depth understanding of issues related to aging from caregivers who are Asian American leaders from a community perspective. Areas of concern identified include intergenerational dynamics, physical and mental health concerns, and the need for a community center and living facility...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488981/a-survey-of-parents-with-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-experience-with-services-and-treatments
#12
Tracy A Becerra, Maria L Massolo, Vincent M Yau, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Frances L Lynch, Phillip M Crawford, Kathryn A Pearson, Magdalena E Pomichowski, Virginia P Quinn, Cathleen K Yoshida, Lisa A Croen
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders, and little is known about how parents address the health and psychosocial consequences of ASD. Few studies have examined use of various treatments and services in a large, diverse sample of children with ASD and their families. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents methods to create an autism research resource across multiple large health delivery systems and describes services and treatments used by children with ASD and their families...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449912/infant-night-sleep-trajectory-from-age-3-24-months-evidence-from-the-singapore-gusto-study
#13
Shaun K Y Goh, Elaine K H Tham, Daniel Y T Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Seang Mei Saw, Fabian Yap, Yap-Seng Chong, Anqi Qiu, Birit F P Broekman
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies on night sleep trajectories throughout infancy are sparse. Moreover, most studies have examined samples in Caucasian individuals, although cultural differences in sleep habits have been described. To expand on the current literature, we aimed to determine night sleep trajectories in an Asian population from age 3-24 months. METHODS: Night sleep duration from a subset of 893 infants within the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort study was determined using the caregiver-reported Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448815/spanking-and-subsequent-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-a-propensity-score-matched-prospective-study-in-japan
#14
Sakurako Okuzono, Takeo Fujiwara, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ichiro Kawachi
Harsh or frequent spanking in early childhood is an established risk factor for later childhood behavioral problems as well as mental disorder in adulthood in Western societies. However, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations, where corporal punishment is relatively accepted. Moreover, the impacts of occasional spanking on subsequent behavioral problems remain uncertain. This study sought to investigate prospectively the association between the frequency of spanking of toddlers and later behavioral problems in Japanese children using national birth cohort data...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413919/examining-child-welfare-decisions-and-services-for-asian-canadian-versus-white-canadian-children-and-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#15
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé
Using administrative child welfare data from the Ontario Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (OCANDS), this study compared the profiles of Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that experienced a case closure after an investigation instead of being transferred to ongoing child protection services (CPS). Child protection investigations involving Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that were transferred to ongoing CPS presented a different profile of case characteristics and caregiver and child clinical needs...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388828/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-south-asian-indian-americans-engagement-in-advanced-care-planning-behaviors
#16
Kavita Radhakrishnan, Shubhada Saxena, Regina Jillapalli, Yuri Jang, Miyong Kim
PURPOSE: To identify barriers to and facilitators of older South Asian Indian-Americans' (SAIAs') engagement in behaviors associated with advance care planning (ACP). METHODS: Using a descriptive qualitative design guided by the transcultural nursing assessment model, data were collected in focus groups of community-dwelling older SAIA participants, SAIA family caregivers, and SAIA physicians. A directed approach using predetermined coding categories derived from the Transcultural Nursing Assessment model and aided by NVivo 10 software (Melbourne, Australia) facilitated the qualitative data analysis...
May 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381931/perceived-stress-and-coping-styles-among-malay-caregivers-of-children-with-learning-disabilities-in-kelantan
#17
Siti Nor Ismalina Isa, Ismarulyusda Ishak, Azriani Ab Rahman, Nur Zakiah Mohd Saat, Normah Che Din, Syarif Husin Lubis, Muhammad Faiz Mohd Ismail
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of children with learning disabilities have been shown to experience increased stress and greater negative caregiving consequences than those with typically developing children. There remains a lack of studies focusing on stress and coping mechanisms among caregivers of a wider age group and diagnosis of individuals with disabilities in Asian countries. The current study examines levels of perceived stress and associated child and caregiver factors among caregivers of children with learning disabilities in the Malaysian context...
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295138/frequency-and-risk-factors-for-live-discharge-from-hospice
#18
David Russell, Eli L Diamond, Bonnie Lauder, Ritchell R Dignam, Dawn W Dowding, Timothy R Peng, Holly G Prigerson, Kathryn H Bowles
OBJECTIVES: To report frequencies and associated risk factors for 4 distinct causes of live discharge from hospice. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using electronic medical records of hospice patients who received care from a large urban not-for-profit hospice agency in New York City during a 3-year period between 2013 and 2015 (n = 9,190). RESULTS: Roughly one in five hospice patients were discharged alive (21%; n = 1911). Acute hospitalization was the most frequent reason for live discharge (42% of all live discharges; n = 802)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179416/cohort-profile-for-the-nurture-observational-study-examining-associations-of-multiple-caregivers-on-infant-growth-in-the-southeastern-usa
#19
Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Truls Østbye, Gary G Bennett, Richard M Kravitz, Shayna M Clancy, Marissa Stroo, Edwin Iversen, Cathrine Hoyo
PURPOSE: Childcare has been associated with obesity in children in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, although some observed no association. Few studies have focused on care during infancy, a period when children may be especially vulnerable. PARTICIPANTS: The Nurture Study is an observational birth cohort designed to assess longitudinal associations of childcare and the presence of multiple caregivers on infant adiposity and weight trajectories throughout the first year of life...
February 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156578/piloting-survivorship-care-planning-with-the-metastatic-breast-cancer-patient
#20
Catherine Saiki, Jane Zorzi, Vered Stearns, Antonio C Wolff
146 Background: Emotional distress and poor symptom management are highly prevalent among patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). A high disease burden can further negatively impact these patients' quality of life. To address the evolving survivorship needs in their trajectory from initial diagnosis of advanced disease to end-of-life care, patients with MBC require prompt assessment, reevaluation, and specialized support services. Limited survivorship resources are devoted to this patient population and greater attention to their needs is warranted...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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