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Caregiver chinese

Ann M Steffen, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson, Katherine M Arenella, Alma Au, Sheung-Tak Cheng, María Crespo, Victoria Cristancho-Lacroix, Javier López, Andrés Losada-Baltar, María Márquez-González, Celia Nogales-González, Rosa Romero-Moreno
Background and Objectives: This article reviews an instrument used in cross-national research with dementia family caregivers-the Revised Scale for Caregiving Self-Efficacy (RSCSE). Although the RSCSE has been translated into multiple languages, few studies have examined scale performance across samples. We examine congruence of psychometric, reliability, and validity data to inform research and practice. Methods: We conducted citation searches using Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and PsycINFO...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Meimei Ji, Amber Tang, Yefu Zhang, Jiaojiao Zou, Guangyu Zhou, Jing Deng, Lina Yang, Mingzhi Li, Jihua Chen, Hong Qin, Qian Lin
BACKGROUND: Pediatric overweight and obesity has become a major public health problem in China. The goal of this study is to understand overweight and obesity in preschool children in Changsha City in the context of their sleep and physical activity. These results offer feasible proposals to reduce levels of overweight and obesity among preschool children. METHODS: A total of 112 preschoolers aged three to six years old were investigated using multiple stage stratified cluster sampling and simple random sampling...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pingyan Jin, Huijuan Feng, Wei Ouyang, Juqing Wu, Pan Chen, Jing Wang, Yungang Sun, Jialang Xian, Liuhua Huang
Postoperative131 I treatment for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) can create a radiation hazard for nearby persons. The present prospective study aimed to investigate radiation dose rates in131 I-treated DTC patients to provide references for radiation protection. A total of 141131 I-treated DTC patients were enrolled, and grouped into a singular treatment (ST) group and a repeated treatment (RT) group. The radiation dose rate of131 I-treated patients was measured. The rate of achieving discharge compliance and restricted contact time were analyzed based on Chinese regulations...
March 10, 2018: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Ching-Rong Lin, Shu-Ching Chen, Sébastien Simard, Joseph Tung-Chien Chang, Yeur-Hur Lai
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to develop a Chinese version of the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory-caregiver (FCRI-c Chinese) and assess the psychometrics of this test in the family caregivers (FCs) of Taiwanese patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: An instrument testing study was conducted at a major medical center in Taiwan. HNC patients and their major FCs were recruited as dyads from the radiation outpatient department. The FCRI-c Chinese was tested for internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (including theoretically supported correlation, discriminant validity, and factor structure)...
March 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Sonoko Sensaki, Charumati Sabanayagam, Sharon Chua, Hla Myint Htoon, Brit F P Broekman, Daniel Goh Yam Thiam, Cheryl Ngo, Seang Mei Saw
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of sleep duration and quality at 12 months and myopia at 3 years. DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: The Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort recruited pregnant women at 2 major public maternity hospitals (n = 1236). We included 376 children of Chinese, Malay, and Indian ethnicity who had completed caregiver questionnaires on the child's sleep at 12 months of age [Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ)] and also completed cycloplegic autorefraction and eye axial length (AL) measurement at 3 years of age...
February 26, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Hui Cao, Shuangqin Yan, Chunli Gu, Sumei Wang, Lingling Ni, Huihui Tao, Ting Shao, Yeqing Xu, Fangbiao Tao
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children is an increasing public health concern. The identification of behavioral risk factors, including sleep quality, has important public health implications for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies for ADHD. Herein, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of high levels of ADHD symptoms and to explore the association between sleep schedules, sleep-related problems and ADHD symptoms among preschoolers aged 3 to 6 years in mainland China...
February 19, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Ye Liu, Yuli Li, Lijun Chen, Yurong Li, Weiye Qi, Li Yu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between family resilience and posttraumatic growth (PTG) of breast cancer survivors and caregiver burden among principal caregivers in China. METHODS: Participants in this cross-sectional study comprised 108 women aged 26-74 years (M = 49, SD = 9) with early-stage breast cancer and 108 principal caregivers. Participants were recruited from a comprehensive cancer center of a public hospital in Shandong Province, China. The principal caregivers completed the Shortened Chinese Version of the Family Resilience Assessment Scale (FRAS-C) and the Chinese Version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (CZBI); patients completed the Short Form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-SF) and questions designed to obtain sociodemographic information...
February 13, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Tian-Ying Chang, Yan Shan, Sai-Sai Liu, Song Xiao-Yue, Zheng-Yan Li, Li-Ping Du, Yan-Yan Li, Gao Douqing
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model could predict self-care behavior among Chinese peritoneal dialysis patients. BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis is a treatment performed by patients or their caregivers in their own home. It is important to implement theory-based projects to increase the self-care of patients with peritoneal dialysis. The IMB model has been verified in diverse populations as a comprehensive, effective model to guide the design, implementation, and evaluation of self-care programs...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
LingYu Zhang, Bei Cao, Yutong Zou, Qian-Qian Wei, RuWei Ou, Wanglin Liu, Bi Zhao, Jing Yang, Ying Wu, HuiFang Shang
The objective of this study was to explore the causes of death in Chinese patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) as well as differences in the cause of death according to sex, subtype, disease onset, and whether the disease was accompanied by nocturnal stridor. A total of 131 MSA patients were enrolled and followed up once every year until their deaths. Clinical information was collected by neurologists, and the cause of death of the MSA patients was obtained from the patients' relatives or caregivers...
February 2018: Aging and Disease
Nan Sheng, Jiali Ma, Wenwen Ding, Ying Zhang
Transition from pediatric to adult health care is a key milestone for children and young people (CYP) with chronic conditions. Family management (FM) and self-management are two important concepts during the process. This study aimed to explore the relationships between FM, self-management and transition readiness, and quality of life (QoL), and identify the potential CYP or family factors influencing the relationships. Data about FM, self-management and transition readiness, QoL, and various contextual factors were collected from 268 caregiver-child pairs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Sai-Hung Tang, Oi-I Chio, Ling-Hui Chang, Hui-Fen Mao, Li-Hua Chen, Ping-Keung Yip, Jen-Ping Hwang
AIM: To determine whether giving dementia caregivers active psychoeducational intervention is more efficacious than passive intervention for improving their caregiving skills and reducing their caregiving burden. METHODS: This study was a prospective, single-blinded, controlled trial with 43 caregiver/person-with-dementia dyads. The dyads were randomly assigned to the active psychoeducational intervention (AP) group, which used role-play, discussion, and development of problem-solving capacity to build up their caregiving skills and competence, or the passive psychoeducational intervention (PP) group, which gave caregivers educational materials on common caregiving strategies...
January 22, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Xiubin Zhang, Charlotte L Clarke, Sarah J Rhynas
The filial piety model of family centred care has dominated Chinese society for thousands of years. The ways in which filial piety is presented are being modified and modernised as China undergoes social transitions. The study aims to understand the meaning of filial piety for people with dementia and family caregivers. Semi-structured interviews with people with dementia ( n = 10) and family caregivers ( n = 14) were conducted. Data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three themes emerged: (a) 'Being filial is a cultural continuity and my future investment'...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Boye Fang, Elsie Yan
This study compared percentages of elder abuse reported by older adults and their family caregivers, using reports from attending medical professionals to triangulate the reports. Percentages were also compared using different criteria proposed in the literature. In total, 1,002 older Chinese aged 55 years or above and their primary family caregivers were recruited from three leading public hospitals in Guangdong, People's Republic of China. Caregivers and care recipients were separately interviewed and provided information on their demographic characteristics and past year percentages of abuse...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Yongxia Mei, Susan Wilson, Beilei Lin, Yingshuang Li, Zhenxiang Zhang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify whether benefit finding is a mediator or moderator in the relationship between caregiver burden and psychological well-being (anxiety and depression) in Chinese family caregivers of community-dwelling stroke survivors. BACKGROUND: Family caregivers not only bear a heavy burden,a high level of anxiety and depression, but also experience benefit finding (positive effects results from stressful events). However, the relationships among benefit finding, caregiver burden and psychological well-being in Chinese family caregivers are not well known...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Bharati Sethi, Allison Williams, Elise Desjardins, Hanzhuang Zhu, Emile Shen
This paper explores the experiences of Chinese immigrant caregiver employees (CEs) residing in Southern Ontario, Canada. CEs are individuals who provide unpaid care to elderly family members while they are employed in paid work. Based on qualitative interviews with thirteen Mandarin Chinese immigrant CEs and analysis using Constructivist Grounded Theory, several themes emerge with respect to their caregiving experiences. This paper reports on family conflicts and future concerns. Family conflicts occurred due to cultural differences and an intergenerational gap between CEs and their care recipients...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Cuihong Zhang, Chunxia Zhao, Xiangyu Liu, Qianwei Wei, Shusheng Luo, Sufang Guo, Jingxu Zhang, Xiaoli Wang, Robert W Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: Previous studies about inequality in children's health focused more on physical health than the neurodevelopment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the inequality in early childhood neurodevelopment in poor rural China and explore the contributions of socioeconomic factors to the inequality. METHOD: Information of 2120 children aged 0 to 35 months and their households in six poor rural counties of China was collected during July - September, 2013...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
Xiaotong Wei, Yanan Ma, Jiajin Hu, Wenjing Lin, Zhongyi Zhao, Deliang Wen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate caregiver type as a potential moderating effect in the relationship between feeding style and weight status among Chinese pre-school children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data collected with the Caregiver's Feeding Style Questionnaire (CFSQ), anthropometric data, childcare and sociodemographic information. SETTING: Shenyang, China. SUBJECTS: Caregiver-child dyads (n 857). RESULTS: After controlling for confounders, authoritarian feeding style was associated with a 0·30 lower BMI Z-score...
December 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Qiuping Li, Yi Lin, Ying Chen, Alice Yuen Loke
BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of cancer and its treatment affect couples as a unit, and they must cope and give each other mutual support as dyads. Few studies have focused explicitly on understanding mutual support among couples coping with colorectal cancer (CRC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the mutual support of couples in their journey of coping together with CRC. METHODS: This is a qualitative descriptive study with purposeful sampling...
December 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
Yu-Chi Huang, Su-Ting Hsu, Chi-Fa Hung, Liang-Jen Wang, Mian-Yoon Chong
OBJECTIVE: The mental health of caregivers of individuals with disabilities is frequently neglected. This study investigated mental health status and Suicidal Ideation (SI) among caregivers and examined the predictive factors for SI. METHOD: Caregivers of individuals with physical or mental disabilities in a tertiary hospital in southern Taiwan were recruited through snowball sampling. They were assessed by self-report questionnaires, consisting of the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire and a subset of the three-item Chinese Health Questionnaire, to assess probable depression and common mental disorders (CMDs), with cutoff points of 19 and 3, respectively...
February 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Thorin L Geister, Donald M Bushnell, Jie Yang, Yuqiong Zhang, Mona L Martin, Alev Heilbronn, Zhenhuan Liu
BACKGROUND: The Questionnaire on Pain caused by Spasticity (QPS) is a modular patient- and observer-reported outcome measure of spasticity-related pain (SRP) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Originally developed for an English-speaking population, we conducted a psychometric validation of a recently developed Chinese language version of the QPS. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study involving 137 children/adolescents with CP and upper and/or lower limb spasticity and their parents at three sites in China...
November 28, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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