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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203332/status-and-determinants-of-motor-impairment-in-preschool-children-from-migrant-families-in-china
#1
Hua Jin, Jing Hua, Jianqiang Shen, Lijuan Feng, Guixiong Gu
BACKGROUND: Although poor health conditions and decreased developmental levels have been investigated in migrant children, no study in China has focused on these children's individual motor development. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the prevalence of motor impairment in Chinese migrant children and to determine the contributory factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a structured questionnaire was administered to primary caregivers of preschool children aged 3 - 6 (n = 2,976) in ten kindergartens from two districts of Suzhou, China, to assess the children's home socioeconomic status and motor environment, that is, the presence of affordances for motor development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166478/a-caregiving-experience-in-a-singaporean-chinese-family
#2
See Mieng Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157100/efficacy-and-safety-of-donepezil-in-chinese-patients-with-severe-alzheimer-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jianping Jia, Cuibai Wei, Longfei Jia, Yi Tang, Junhua Liang, Aihong Zhou, Fangyu Li, Lu Shi, Rachelle S Doody
BACKGROUND: Donepezil has been used worldwide for the treatment of severe Alzheimer's disease (AD). Whether it is also appropriate for severe AD in Chinese patients remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether donepezil is effective and tolerable for Chinese patients with severe AD. METHODS: The present study was a 24-week, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study conducted at 38 investigational hospitals in China...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135117/an-11-year-study-of-home-hospice-service-trends-in-singapore-from-2000-to-2010
#4
Benedict John Ho, Ramaswamy Akhileswaran, Grace Su Yin Pang, Gerald Choon Huat Koh
BACKGROUND: Hospice care is most appropriate when a patient no longer benefits from curative treatment and has limited life expectancy. These patients may suffer from any type of life-limiting illness, including end-stage cancer, end-stage heart disease, end-stage renal failure, AIDS, and Alzheimer's disease, among other illnesses. Patients are managed on their pain and symptoms and home hospice care manages these patients in the comfort of their own home, enabling patients to spend their last days with dignity and have a good quality of life...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122529/monetary-costs-of-alzheimer-s-disease-in-china-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-observational-study
#5
Fangyu Li, Shuoqi Chen, Cuibai Wei, Jianping Jia
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. International multilateral cost-of-illness (COI) studies have revealed that the cost of treating this disease is huge, which places a significant burden on patients' families and their healthcare systems. However, no such studies have been conducted in China. This study estimates the monetary costs of patients with AD in mainland China. METHODS: This study planned to start in October 2015 and to finish in March 2016...
January 25, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090700/the-mandarin-chinese-version-of-the-beach-centre-family-quality-of-life-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties-in-taiwanese-families-of-children-with-developmental-delay
#6
S-J Chiu, P-T Chen, Y-T Chou, L-Y Chien
BACKGROUND: Early intervention (EI) practitioners provide individualised family-centred services to enhance the quality of life (QOL) of families of children with developmental delay (DD). Family QOL (FQOL) could be an important outcome indictor for EI, but there is no measurement tool for FQOL in Mandarin Chinese. The purpose of this study was to translate the Beach Centre FQOL Scale (BCFQOL) into Mandarin Chinese and to examine the psychometric properties of the scale in families of children with DD...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057424/sundown-syndrome-sleep-quality-and-walking-among-community-dwelling-people-with-alzheimer-disease
#7
Yen-Hua Shih, Ming-Chyi Pai, Ying-Che Huang, Jing-Jy Wang
PURPOSES: Sundown syndrome and sleep disturbances cause people with Alzheimer disease (PAD) and caregivers suffering. Studies have indicated that physical exercise could have a positive impact on sundown syndrome, yet no research has ever explored the relationship between walking and sundown syndrome. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between sundown syndrome and sleep quality, and determine whether the severity of dementia, sleep quality, and weekly duration of walking influenced sundown syndrome, and to assess differences in sundown syndrome and sleep quality in relation to the accompanying walker and weekly duration of walking among people with Alzheimer disease living in the community...
January 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027858/culture-and-diet-among-chinese-american-children-aged-9-13%C3%A2-years-a-qualitative-study
#8
Cassandra S Diep, Randall Leung, Debbe I Thompson, Beverly J Gor, Tom Baranowski
OBJECTIVE: To examine Chinese American children's behaviors, food preferences, and cultural influences on their diet. DESIGN: Qualitative individual interviews using constructs from the proposed model of dietary acculturation. SETTING: Community centers and Chinese schools in Houston, TX. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five Chinese American children aged 9-13 years. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Diet, favorite restaurants, and parents' cooking and grocery shopping habits...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001334/coping-strategies-of-taiwanese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Wei-Chih Chin, Kuo-Yu Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang, Hsin-Mei Li, Sue-Hsien Chen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe the coping experiences of children with autism spectrum disorders in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorders are faced with daily social and living challenges, which can cause stress. Chinese culture emphasises discipline and obedience, which may influence coping strategies of children with autism spectrum disorders in Taiwan. DESIGN: This qualitative study employed an exploratory descriptive design...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968890/patient-physician-trust-in-china-a-workshop-summary
#10
Cheris S C Chan, Yu Cheng, Yali Cong, Zhizheng Du, Shanlian Hu, Amanda Kerrigan, Arthur Kleinman, Mengfeng Li, Benjamin Liebman, Yonghui Ma, Jing-Bao Nie, Daniel F C Tsai, Duujian Tsai, Joseph D Tucker, Lijie Wang, Bonnie Wong, William C W Wong, Zeping Xiao, Juncai Xu, Yunxiang Yan, Yang Yang, Daqing Zhang, Mingjie Zhao, Jianfeng Zhu, Wei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Patient-physician mistrust has become deeply embedded in medical clinics within a wide variety of settings, including many in China. The purpose of this research was to develop a series of actionable policy recommendations to rebuild patient-physician trust in China. METHODS: Our interdisciplinary group included experts in medicine, public health, philosophy, ethics, law, regulation, China studies, anthropology, sociology, and communications. Recommendations were identified by team members and presented at a two-day workshop at the Harvard Center, Shanghai, China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968876/persistent-effects-of-parental-migration-on-psychosocial-wellbeing-of-left-behind-children-in-two-chinese-provinces-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Leah Li, Xudong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Lengthy separation from migrant parents raises concerns for the wellbeing of 60 million left-behind children (LBC) in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the effect of current and previous parental migration on the psychosocial wellbeing of left-behind children, and the mitigating or exacerbating factors in family care and support. METHODS: Children were recruited from schools by random stratified sampling in rural Zhejiang and Guizhou provinces where out-migration was high...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968862/breastfeeding-rates-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey-and-estimate-of-benefits-of-improvement
#12
Zhenyu Yang, Jianqiang Lai, Dongmei Yu, Yifan Duan, Xuehong Pang, Shan Jiang, Ye Bi, Jie Wang, Liyun Zhao, Shian Yin
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the gold standard for infant and young child feeding. Increased rates of breastfeeding could reduce morbidity and mortality for both children and mothers. In addition, breastfed children could have better cognitive development, persisting through later life. However, quantitative data are scarce on the effect of improved breastfeeding rates in China. The objectives of this study were to assess current breastfeeding rates and to analyse the potential effect of improved breastfeeding rates in China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874996/patients-self-perceived-burden-caregivers-burden-and-quality-of-life-for-als-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Dan Geng, RuWei Ou, XiaoHui Miao, LiHong Zhao, QianQian Wei, XuePing Chen, Yan Liang, HuiFang Shang, Rong Yang
OBJECTIVES: This study surveys the quality of life (QOL) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and the factors associated with ALS patients' self-perceived burden (SPB) and their caregivers' burden. BACKGROUND: Burdens of patients with ALS and their caregivers in Chinese population are largely unknown. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 81 pairs of ALS patients and their caregivers. METHODS: ALS patients' SPB and caregivers' burden were assessed by the Self-Perceived Burden Scale (SPBS) and Zarit-Burden Interview (ZBI), respectively...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870906/qualities-of-life-of-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-and-their-family-caregivers-comparison-between-hospitalised-and-community-based-treatment-in-beijing-china
#14
Lizheng Guan, Yingqiang Xiang, Xin Ma, Yongzhen Weng, Wannian Liang
BACKGROUND: Community healthcare in mainland China is still at an early stage. The qualities of life (QOLs) of patients with psychotic disorders undergoing rehabilitation in hospitals or in the community, as well as those of their caregivers, may differ from each other. OBJECTIVES: The study was performed to evaluate the QOL of patients with psychotic disorders and assess the differences in the QOLs between patients receiving care in diverse settings (hospital vs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865248/the-chinese-version-of-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-psychometric-properties-in-chinese-cancer-patients-and-their-family-caregivers
#15
Qiuping Li, Yi Lin, Caiping Hu, Yinghua Xu, Huiya Zhou, Liping Yang, Yongyong Xu
PURPOSE: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) acts as one of the most frequently used self-reported measures in cancer practice. The evidence for construct validity of HADS, however, remains inconclusive. The objective of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Chinese version HADS (C-HADS) in terms of construct validity, internal consistency reliability, and concurrent validity in dyads of Chinese cancer patients and their family caregivers. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in multiple centers: one hospital in each of the seven different administrative regions in China from October 2014 to May 2015...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843319/effects-of-multiple-training-modalities-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#16
Shu-Yu Tai, Chia-Ling Hsu, Shu-Wan Huang, Tzu-Chiao Ma, Wen-Chien Hsieh, Yuan-Han Yang
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the effects of multiple training modalities on cognition, neuropsychiatric symptoms, caregivers' burden, and quality of life in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This intervention study was conducted in 24 patients with AD aged ≥65 years with a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) score of 0.5-1. The patients were assigned to receive multiple training modalities (1 hour for each training: Tai Chi, calligraphy, and drawing) over a 6-week period in either the experimental group (n=14) or the comparison group (n=10)...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832415/household-financial-burden-of-phenylketonuria-and-its-impact-on-treatment-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Lin Wang, Hui Zou, Fang Ye, Kundi Wang, Xiaowen Li, Zhihua Chen, Jie Chen, Bingjuan Han, Weimin Yu, Chun He, Ming Shen
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare inborn disease, which, untreated, leading to severe neurobehavioral dysfunction. Considering its complexity, the management of PKU may bring a formidable economic burden to parents and caregivers. It is still unknown what the out-of-pocket expenses are for a patient with PKU in China. This paper explores the household financial burden of classical PKU and its impact on Chinese families in a quantitative manner for the first time. METHODS: A non-interventional and observational study was conducted at the China-Japan Friendship Hospital, one of the national centers for inherited metabolic disorders in China...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827331/culturally-specific-evaluation-of-inhaler-techniques-in-asthma
#18
Iraj Poureslami, Jessica Shum, Laura Nimmon, J Mark FitzGerald
BACKGROUND: Little work has been done on identifying the impact of educational materials developed by immigrant patients themselves, along with their caregivers and health professionals in terms of inhaler use technique. The purpose of this study was to evaluate understanding of physicians' instructions on asthma management and inhaler techniques in Punjabi and Chinese subjects using educational interventions in their native languages. METHODS: Eighty-seven subjects with asthma were randomly assigned to either one of 3 experimental groups (physician-led video, subject-generated community video, or both) or a control group (educational pamphlet)...
December 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793197/self-administered-acupressure-for-symptom-management-among-chinese-family-caregivers-with-caregiver-stress-a-randomized-wait-list-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Agnes Tiwari, Lixing Lao, Amy Xiao-Min Wang, Denise Shuk Ting Cheung, Mike Ka Pui So, Doris Sau Fung Yu, Terry Yat Sang Lum, Helina Yin King Yuk Fung, Jerry Wing Fai Yeung, Zhang-Jin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Caregiving can be stressful, potentially creating physical and psychological strain. Substantial evidence has shown that family caregivers suffer from significant health problems arising from the demands of caregiving. Although there are programs supporting caregivers, there is little evidence regarding their effectiveness. Acupressure is an ancient Chinese healing method designed to restore the flow of Qi (vital energy) by applying external pressure to acupoints. A randomized, wait-list controlled trial was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of a self-administered acupressure intervention on caregiver stress (primary objective) and stress-related symptoms of fatigue, insomnia, depression, and health-related quality of life (secondary objectives) in Chinese caregivers of older family members...
October 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778318/oral-hygiene-care-for-critically-ill-patients-to-prevent-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#20
REVIEW
Fang Hua, Huixu Xie, Helen V Worthington, Susan Furness, Qi Zhang, Chunjie Li
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia developing in people who have received mechanical ventilation for at least 48 hours. VAP is a potentially serious complication in these patients who are already critically ill. Oral hygiene care (OHC), using either a mouthrinse, gel, toothbrush, or combination, together with aspiration of secretions, may reduce the risk of VAP in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral hygiene care on incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in hospital intensive care units (ICUs)...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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