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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630780/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-chinese-medicine-on-nonmotor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Ka-Kit Chua, Adrian Wong, Kam-Wa Chan, Yin-Kei Lau, Zhao-Xiang Bian, Jia-Hong Lu, Liang-Feng Liu, Lei-Lei Chen, Ka-Ho Chan, Kim-Pong Tse, Anne Chan, Ju-Xian Song, Justin Wu, Li-Xing Zhu, Vincent Mok, Min Li
Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) have devastating impacts on both patients and their caregivers. Jiawei-Liujunzi Tang (JLT) has been used to treat some NMS of PD based on the Chinese medicine theory since Qing dynasty. Here we report a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, add-on clinical trial aiming at evaluating the efficacy and safety of the JLT in treating NMS in PD patients. We randomly assigned 111 patients with idiopathic PD to receive either JLT or placebo for 32 weeks. Outcome measures were baseline to week 32 changes in Movement Disorder Society-Sponsored Revision of Unified PD Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) Parts I-IV and in NMS assessment scale for PD (NMSS)...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606106/perceptions-of-measles-pneumonia-and-meningitis-vaccines-among-caregivers-in-shanghai-china-and-the-health-belief-model-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Abram L Wagner, Matthew L Boulton, Xiaodong Sun, Bhramar Mukherjee, Zhuoying Huang, Irene A Harmsen, Jia Ren, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
BACKGROUND: In China, the measles vaccine is offered for free whereas the pneumococcal vaccine is a for-fee vaccine. This difference has the potential to influence how caregivers evaluate whether a vaccine is important or necessary for their child, but it is unclear if models of health behavior, such as the Health Belief Model, reveal the same associations for different diseases. This study compares caregiver perceptions of different diseases (measles, pneumonia and meningitis); and characterizes associations between Health Belief Model constructs and both pneumococcal vaccine uptake and perceived vaccine necessity for pneumonia, measles, and meningitis...
June 12, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578249/effectiveness-of-psychoeducational-interventions-for-family-carers-of-people-with-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Steve Gillard, Debbie Spain, Victoria Cornelius, Tao Chen, Claire Henderson
Psychoeducational interventions for family carers of people with psychosis are effective for improving compliance and preventing relapse. Whether carers benefit from these interventions has been little explored. This systematic review investigated the effectiveness of psychoeducation for improving carers' outcomes, and potential treatment moderators. We searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English or Chinese in eight databases. Carers' outcomes included wellbeing, quality of life, global morbidities, burden, and expressed emotion...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575267/associations-between-the-differential-definitions-of-elder-mistreatment-and-suicidal-ideation-outcomes-in-u-s-chinese-older-adults-do-the-definitions-matter
#4
XinQi Dong
Background: Elder mistreatment (EM) prevalence varies greatly according to definitional criteria. However, little is known regarding the significance of different EM definitions with respect to health outcome. This paper explores the association between different definitions of EM and their subtypes and suicidal ideation (SI) in an U.S. Chinese aging population. Methods: The Population Study of ChINese Elderly in Chicago Study was conducted from 2011 to 2013 of 3157 community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 60 years...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575266/incidence-of-elder-abuse-in-a-u-s-chinese-population-findings-from-the-longitudinal-cohort-pine-study
#5
XinQi Dong, Bei Wang
Background: Elder abuse (EA) is a global public health issue. However, no prior longitudinal research has quantified the incidence of EA, which is critical to understand risk factors and future prevention strategies. Methods: The study is based on a longitudinal cohort design. We followed 2,713 U.S. Chinese older adults who agreed to participate in the study within 2011 to 2015. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding the 2-year incidence of EA and its subtypes...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575259/the-association-between-childhood-abuse-and-elder-abuse-among-chinese-adult-children-in-the-united-states
#6
XinQi Dong, Ge Li, Melissa A Simon
Background: The previous researchers have postulated that an abused child may abuse his or her abuser parent when the parent is getting old, also known as the intergenerational transmission of violence. However, few studies use data to support this model, and it has yet to be examined in the U.S. Chinese community. This study aims to examine the association between childhood abuse and elder abuse reported by Chinese adult children in the United States. Methods: Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, 548 Chinese adult children aged 21 years and older participated in this study...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575256/grandparent-caregiving-and-psychological-well-being-among-chinese-american-older-adults-the-roles-of-caregiving-burden-and-pressure
#7
Ling Xu, Fengyan Tang, Lydia W Li, Xin Qi Dong
Background: Though ample research on grandparent caregiving and psychological well-being outcomes exist in Western literature, little attention has been focused on Chinese American grandparents. Based on role enhancement and role strain theories, this study examined grandparent caregiving and psychological well-being among Chinese American older adults and tested whether caregiving burden or pressure from adult children moderated such association. Methods: We used the data from the Population Study of ChINese Elderly in Chicago (PINE), a population-based survey of community-dwelling Chinese older adults in the Greater Chicago area...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575234/assessing-grief-of-family-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-marwit-meuser-caregiver-grief-inventory
#8
Wallace Chi Ho Chan, Bel Wong, Timothy Kwok, Florence Ho
Grief in dementia caregiving is underexplored in research studies in the Chinese context, yet social workers often work with caregivers of people with dementia (PWD) and who experience grief. Having a valid assessment tool can help social workers better identify the grief of caregivers and facilitate caregivers' articulation of grief. This article describes a study aimed to validate the Marwit-Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory-Short Form (C-MM-CGI-SF) among Hong Kong Chinese caregivers of PWD. One hundred and twenty caregivers participated in this study...
May 31, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541777/multidimensional-determinants-of-the-caregiving-burden-among-chinese-male-caregivers-of-older-family-members-in-hong-kong
#9
Xue Bai, Chang Liu, Luisa Baladon, Maria Rubio-Valera
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine multidimensional determinants of the caregiving burden among Chinese male caregivers of older family members in Hong Kong. Based on a modified stress process model, this study explored how background and contextual factors (demographic characteristics and mental health status of caregivers, caregiving-related factors, and support and services), primary stressors (degree of care dependency and special care needs), and secondary stressors (self-efficacy and gender role conflict) might affect the caregiving burden among male caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#10
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472415/acupressure-for-frail-older-people-in-community-dwellings-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Clara W C Chan, Pui Hing Chau, Angela Y M Leung, Kwai Ching Lo, Huafeng Shi, Tin Pui Yum, Yeuk Yiu Lee, Lei Li
Background: 'Frailty' is being increasing recognised as a geriatric syndrome of growing importance in the medical field. Acupressure is a non-pharmacological, non-invasive Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) treatment, which may serve to improve the quality of life (QOL) or prevent the progressive advancement of frailty in the aged population. Objective: to investigate the effects of a 12-week, TCM-principle guided acupressure intervention on the QOL of the frail older people living in the community...
May 2, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458649/what-influences-chinese-adolescents-choice-intention-between-playing-online-games-and-learning-application-of-theory-of-planned-behavior-with-subjective-norm-manipulated-as-peer-support-and-parental-monitoring
#12
Jia Wang, Ru-De Liu, Yi Ding, Ying Liu, Le Xu, Rui Zhen
This study investigated how and why Chinese adolescents choose between playing online games and doing homework, using the model of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in which the subjective norm was manipulated as two sub-elements (peer support and parental monitoring). A total of 530 students from an elementary school and a middle school in China were asked to complete the measures assessing two predictors of TPB: attitude and perceived behavioral control (PBC). Next, they completed a survey about their choice intention between playing an online game and doing homework in three different situations, wherein a conflict between playing online games and doing homework was introduced and subjective norm was manipulated as peers supporting and parents objecting to playing online games...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452647/a-case-of-fronto-temporal-dementia-ftd-masquerading-as-mood-disorder
#13
Sarah Pospos, Min Xi, Guanjie Chen, Ruiguo Zhang, Qingrong Tan, Andrius Baskys
A 56-year old Chinese female was referred to an academic medical center with atypical, treatment-resistant depression that continued for approximately 3 years after her sister's death. Comprehensive evaluation including neurocognitive testing, EEG, spinal tap, HIV testing and brain MRI revealed behavioral variant of fronto-temporal dementia (bvFTD) with significant frontal and temporal lobe atrophy.This patient's unusual clinical presentation emphasizes the overlap between depression and bvFTD, and underlines the importance of prompt, accurate diagnosis to minimize often-ineffective pharmacological interventions and caregiver burnout...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434402/implementing-the-communication-for-development-strategy-to-improve-knowledge-and-coverage-of-measles-vaccination-in-western-chinese-immunization-programs-a-before-and-after-evaluation
#14
Ming Lu, Yao-Zhu Chu, Wen-Zhou Yu, Robert Scherpbier, Yu-Qing Zhou, Xu Zhu, Qi-Ru Su, Meng-Juan Duan, Xuan Zhang, Fu-Qiang Cui, Hua-Qing Wang, Yi-Biao Zhou, Qing-Wu Jiang
BACKGROUND: Communication for Development (C4D) is a strategy promoted by the United Nations Children's Fund to foster positive and measurable changes at the individual, family, community, social, and policy levels of society. In western China, C4D activities have previously been conducted as part of province-level immunization programs. In this study, we evaluated the association of C4D with changes in parental knowledge of immunization services, measles disease, and measles vaccine, and changes in their children's measles vaccine coverage...
April 24, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429562/predictors-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-chinese-people-with-major-neurocognitive-disorders-and-their-caregivers-the-roles-of-self-esteem-and-caregiver-s-burden
#15
Daniel Kim-Wan Young, Petrus Yat-Nam Ng, Timothy Kwok
AIM: The present research study aimed to identify and compare the clinical and non-clinical factors that predict the self-reported and proxy-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people with major neurocognitive disorder (PwND) who are living at home in a Chinese society. METHODS: A total of 57 Chinese PwND-family caregiver dyads that were using the services of local senior centers were recruited through a cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling...
April 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353589/depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-heart-failure-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Xiaolin Hu, Wenxia Huang, Yonglin Su, Moying Qu, Xingchen Peng
Depressive symptoms are related to negative health outcomes in caregivers of patients with HF. Understanding the factors that are associated with depressive symptoms among caregivers is essential to providing appropriate interventions. Little is known about which status and factors are related to depressive symptoms among Chinese caregivers of patients with heart failure. This study aimed to investigate the status of depressive symptoms and to identify the factors that are associated with depressive symptoms in family caregivers of patients with heart failure in China...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347149/psychometric-testing-of-two-chinese-version-scales-on-attitudes-toward-and-caregiving-behaviors-for-end-of-life-patients-and-families
#17
Luke Yang, Yung-Fang Liu, Huey-Fang Sun, Hsien-Hsien Chiang, Yu-Lun Tsai, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
The study purpose was to examine the validities and reliabilities of the Chinese-versions Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale (Attitudes Scale) and Caregiving Behaviors Scale for End-of-Life Patients and Families (Behaviors Scale). The scales were tested in a convenience sample of 318 nurses with ≥6 months work experience at three hospitals. Cronbach's alphas of the Attitudes and Behaviors Scales were .90 and .96, respectively. Each scale had Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index >.85 and Bartlett's test of sphericity >4000 ( p < ...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330476/factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-of-family-caregivers-for-leukemia-patients-in-china
#18
Hongjuan Yu, Limin Li, Chaojie Liu, Weidong Huang, Jin Zhou, Wenqi Fu, Yi Ma, Si Li, Yuying Chang, Guoxiang Liu, Qunhong Wu
BACKGROUND: The leukemia affects not only the quality of life (QOL) of patients with the disease but also that of their family caregivers (FCs). The research studies on QOL of FCs for leukemia patients are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the QOL of FCs for leukemia patients in Heilongjiang province, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was undertaken with 309 FCs for leukemia patients recruited from three hospitals in Heilongjiang province...
March 23, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279395/resilience-model-for-parents-of-children-with-cancer-in-mainland-china-an-exploratory-study
#19
Zeng Jie Ye, Hong Zhong Qiu, Peng Fei Li, Mu Zi Liang, Shu Ni Wang, Xiao Ming Quan
PURPOSE: Parents have psychosocial functions that are critical for the entire family. Therefore, when their child is diagnosed with cancer, it is important that they exhibit resilience, which is the ability to preserve their emotional and physical well-being in the face of stress. The Resilience Model for Parents of Children with Cancer (RMP-CC) was developed to increase our understanding of how resilience is positively and negatively affected by protective and risk factors, respectively, in Chinese parents with children diagnosed with cancer...
April 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276169/intergenerational-transfers-and-informal-care-for-disabled-elderly-persons-in-china-evidence-from-charls
#20
Xiaoting Liu, Bei Lu, Zhixin Feng
Aiming at 'ageing healthier and ageing better', a certain amount of high-quality informal care should be available for elderly persons with physical disability as formal care is barely accessible in China. The demographic transition and family structural changes have dramatically weakened traditional norms of filial piety and the structure of intergenerational transfers. This article employed nationwide representative data from the first wave (2011) of Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in order to identify the duration of informal care provision at home for frail elders (1122 in rural areas and 577 in urban areas, total 1699), measured in monthly hours, before estimating the associations between intergenerational transfers and the received time of informal care with Tobit Model analysis...
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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