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Caregiver chinese

Fang Hua, Huixu Xie, Helen V Worthington, Susan Furness, Qi Zhang, Chunjie Li
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia developing in people who have received mechanical ventilation for at least 48 hours. VAP is a potentially serious complication in these patients who are already critically ill. Oral hygiene care (OHC), using either a mouthrinse, gel, toothbrush, or combination, together with aspiration of secretions, may reduce the risk of VAP in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral hygiene care on incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in hospital intensive care units (ICUs)...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
P Ha, C Li, B Shi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the key factors in relation to parent satisfaction with the primary repair of paediatric cleft lip. One hundred and ninety-five children born with cleft lip and/or palate aged between 3 months and 1 year were recruited, along with their caregivers. All patients underwent primary cleft lip repair, and a telephone interview was held with their main caregivers at 3 months postoperative. The level of satisfaction with each item included in a simplified Cleft Evaluation Profile was ascertained and recorded...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Cheng-I Yang, Min-Yun Hsieh, Li-Hung Lee, Shu-Ling Chen
Adult clients with schizophrenia are primarily cared for by their ageing parents. When the parents become ill or die, siblings are considered to be responsible for taking over the caregiving role. However, little is known about caregiving for a sibling with schizophrenia, and no studies have explored this phenomenon in an Asian context. The aim of the present descriptive, qualitative study was to understand the experiences of being the primary caregiver of a sibling with schizophrenia. Data were collected from 10 siblings of currently-hospitalized patients diagnosed with schizophrenia using semistructured, in-depth interviews...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Zhang Xue-Yan, Li Dong-Mei, Xu Dan-Dan, Zhou Le-Shan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine several factors related to low self-esteem among obese Chinese primary-school students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between June 2009 and June 2010. A total of 1,410 primary-school students (China grades 4 - 6) in Changsha city were divided into normal weight (n = 1,084), overweight (n = 211), and obese groups (n = 115) according to world health organization (WHO) growth standards for body mass index (BMI)...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Meng Sun, Zhimin Xue, Wen Zhang, Rui Guo, Aimin Hu, Yihui Li, Tumbwene Elieza Mwansisya, Li Zhou, Chang Liu, Xudong Chen, Xiaojun Huang, Haojuan Tao, Jingcheng Shi, Zhening Liu, Robert Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Large scale migration of workers due to wage differences across regions of China has separated millions of children, called "left-behind children" from their parents. Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are thought to be associated with childhood deprivation and may predict later psychotic disorders but have not been studied in this potentially vulnerable population. METHODS: Data were collected from representative samples of students in thirteen middle schools in the Xiangxi region and Changsha city of Hunan province (N=6623), of whom 1360 (21...
September 23, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Fengyan Tang, Ling Xu, Iris Chi, XinQi Dong
The rapid increase in grandparents caring for grandchildren has received growing attention, but little research has focused on Chinese-American grandparents and their caregiving experiences. Drawing on cross-sectional data from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly-a community-engaged, epidemiological study of Chinese-American adults aged 60 and older, the relationships between caregiving experiences and psychological well-being were examined. Of 2,365 older adults who answered the question about grandparent caregiving, 818 (35%) were designated as caregivers, spending an average of 12 hours a week on childcare...
September 19, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Xiao Li, Chen Chen, Mo-Ying Qu, Zhi Li, Ying Xu, Xue-Fei Duan, Xi Chen, Qing Zhang, Gui-Ying You
BACKGROUND: Self-care is critical for postdischarge heart failure (HF) patients. Short message service (SMS) is a promising way to promote HF self-care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate knowledge status in Chinese HF patients, as well as the acceptance of SMS as a way to improve self-care. METHODS: A survey using a self-developed questionnaire was conducted in patients with decompensated HF 2 days before discharge. RESULTS: A total of 540 patients completed the survey...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Hui Jin Toh, Zhen Yu Lim, Philip Yap, Terence Tang
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged stay in acute hospitals increases the risks of hospital-acquired infections in older patients, and disrupts patient flow and access to care due to bed shortages. Therefore, factors associated with prolonged length of stay (pLOS) among older patients (aged over 78 years) in a tertiary hospital were investigated to identify potentially modifiable risk factors that could help direct interventions to reduce pLOS. METHODS: During a three-month period from January 2013 to March 2013, 72 patients with pLOS (length of stay [LOS] ≥ 21 days) were identified and compared to 281 randomly selected control patients (LOS < 21 days) for demographic and clinical variables using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses...
September 9, 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Bo Xie, Zhaohui Su, Yihao Liu, Mo Wang, Ming Zhang
CONTEXT: Little is known about the information sources of Chinese patients with cancer and their family caregivers, yet this knowledge is critical for providing patient-centred care. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the information sources used by Chinese patients with cancer and their family caregivers. DESIGN: The validated Health Information Wants Questionnaire (HIWQ) was translated and administered in March 2014. SETTING: The oncology department of a general hospital in south-west China...
September 7, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Li Chen, Xiaozhen Du, Lin Zhang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Qiong Wu, Ruikan Yang, Ying Cao, Wei Wang, Lihui Xie, Xiuqin Rao, Yanfeng Zhang, Jeanne Catherine Koepsell
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an EPI smartphone application (EPI app) on improving vaccination coverage in rural Sichuan Province, China. METHODS: This matched-pair cluster randomized controlled study included 32 village doctors, matched in 16 pairs, and took place from 2013 to 2015. Village doctors in the intervention group used the EPI app and reminder text messages while village doctors in the control group used their usual procedures and text messages...
2016: BMC Public Health
Peng Zhang, Hongjiao Wu, Xiaojun Zhou, Yuanan Lu, Zhaokang Yuan, Justin B Moore, Jay E Maddock
BACKGROUND: With rapid economic development in China, traditional patterns of health behaviors are changing, concurrent with a rise in childhood obesity. While the home environment and parenting behaviors are modifiable factors that could be targeted for intervention, little is known about their relationship with children's health behaviors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and home and parenting factors in Chinese children. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Nanchang, China in 2013 with caregivers (N = 470) of a child between the ages of 2 and 10 years...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Qiu Zhang, Chuanbo Xie, Shanghang Xie, Qing Liu
Advance directives (ADs) have been legislated in many countries to protect patient autonomy regarding medical decisions at the end of life. China is facing a serious cancer burden and cancer patients' quality at the end of life should be a concern. However, limited studies have been conducted locally to gather information about attitudes toward ADs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of Chinese cancer patients and family caregivers toward ADs and to explore the predictors that are associated with attitudes...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yuqin Pan, Patricia S Jones
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of stroke and traditional filial responsibility involve adult children in caregiving to their parent stroke survivors in China. Support resources are insufficient because of the shrinking size of the family and the underdeveloped support system. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the correlates of perceived social support among adult child caregivers of parent stroke survivors in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational design was used in this study...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Mei-Hsiu Lee
Clinical nursing practice uses professional nursing techniques, empathy, and moral judgment to help relieve the pain of patients who are suffering physically or mentally from trauma or illness. Thus, nursing involves sacred tasks. According to Confucian reasoning, morality is expressed through everyday actions. Providing care to patients arouses concern and sympathy in the caregiver, which induces him or her to fully apply professional knowledge to this task. This conduct demonstrates the moral conscience of nurses...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Jian-Fang Ma, Miao-Miao Hou, Hui-Dong Tang, Xiang Gao, Liang Liang, Li-Fang Zhu, Yi Zhou, Sheng-Yu Zha, Shi-Shuang Cui, Juan-Juan Du, Gen Li, Jun Liu, Sheng-Di Chen
BACKGROUND: Our study was aimed to validate a modified RBD (REM sleep behavior disorder) single question (RBD1Q-C), study the prevalence of probable RBD (pRBD) in a rural community based on RBD1Q-C and investigate the association between pRBD and Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: The validation study of RBD1Q-C included 32 Chinese participants (14 idiopathic RBD patients and 18 controls). All participants underwent a polysomnogram (PSG). We then conducted a door-to-door survey to estimate the prevalence of pRBD assessed by RBD1Q-C, and its association with PD among 19614 residents who lived in Malu community of Shanghai, China...
2016: BMC Neurology
Qiuping Li, Yinghua Xu, Huiya Zhou, Alice Yuen Loke
BACKGROUND: Cancer and its treatment have a major impact on the lives of patients and their intimate partners, such as on their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The aims of this study are to: (i) assess the HRQOL of advanced cancer patients and spousal caregivers, and explore the relationship between the HRQOL of cancer patients and that of their spousal caregivers; (ii) detect factors influencing the HRQOL of cancer patients and spousal caregivers; and (iii) explore the impact of anxiety and depression on the HRQOL of couples...
2016: BMC Palliative Care
Ruoling Chen, Linda Lang, Angela Clifford, Yang Chen, Zhi Hu, Thang S Han
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a major public health challenge and China has the largest population with dementia in the world. However, dementia care and caregivers for Chinese are less investigated. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: To evaluate demographic and socio-economic influences on dementia care, management patterns and caregiver burden in a household community-dwelling-based survey, using participants' care receipts and Zarit scale. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Rural and urban communities across six provinces of China comprising 4837 residents aged ≥60 years, in whom 398 had dementia and 1312 non-dementia diseases...
January 2016: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Cecilia L W Chan, Jianxin Zhang
The present study investigated the dyadic effects of stigma and discrimination on distress in Chinese couples affected by HIV. Chinese people living with HIV (PLHIV) and their seronegative spouses (N = 119 couples) participated in this study. The PLHIV completed measures on stigma beliefs about being better off dead and dignity-related distress. The spouses completed measures on perceived discrimination and exclusion and caregiver distress. The results showed that there was no significant correlation between the PLHIV's stigma beliefs and the spouses' perceived discrimination and exclusion...
August 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Xiaolin Hu, Mary A Dolansky, Yonglin Su, Xiuying Hu, Moying Qu, Lingjuan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of patients with heart failure experience burden and negative health outcomes. Adequate support for family caregivers improves their well-being and the quality of care provided to the patients. However, little is known about the benefits of interventions for caregivers of patients with heart failure in China. OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of a multidisciplinary supportive program for family caregivers on caregiver burden, quality of life, and depression...
October 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Winnie W Kung
The impact of culture and immigration on the experience of Chinese American families with a member having schizophrenia is explored within the frameworks of family systems and stress and coping. This qualitative study was conducted within an intervention study of family psychoeducation using therapists' session notes from 103 family sessions and 13 relatives' group sessions from nine patients and 19 relatives. The high stigma attached to mental illness leading to social isolation, and families' devotion to caregiving exacerbated caregiver burden...
July 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
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