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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736046/quality-of-best-possible-medication-history-upon-admission-to-hospital-comparison-of-nurses-and-pharmacy-students-and-consideration-of-national-quality-indicators
#1
Ashley Sproul, Carole Goodine, David Moore, Amy McLeod, Jacqueline Gordon, Jennifer Digby, George Stoica
Background: Medication reconciliation at transitions of care increases patient safety. Collection of an accurate best possible medication history (BPMH) on admission is a key step. National quality indicators are used as surrogate markers for BPMH quality, but no literature on their accuracy exists. Obtaining a high-quality BPMH is often labour- and resource-intensive. Pharmacy students are now being assigned to obtain BPMHs, as a cost-effective means to increase BPMH completion, despite limited information to support the quality of BPMHs obtained by students relative to other health care professionals...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723341/impact-of-discharge-medication-counseling-in-the-cardiology-unit-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-brazil-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Aline F Bonetti, Bruna Q Bagatim, Antonio M Mendes, Inajara Rotta, Renata C Reis, Maria Luiza D Fávero, Fernando Fernandez-Llimós, Roberto Pontarolo
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of pharmacist-provided discharge counseling on mortality rate, hospital readmissions, emergency department visits, and medication adherence at 30 days post discharge. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was approved by the local ethics committee and included patients aged 18 years or older admitted to the cardiology ward of a Brazilian tertiary hospital. The intervention group received a pharmacist-led medication counseling session at discharge and a telephone follow-up three and 15 days after discharge...
2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#3
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623155/emergency-medicine-pharmacist-impact-on-door-to-needle-time-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#4
Joshua S Jacoby, Heather M Draper, Lisa E Dumkow, Muhammad U Farooq, G Robert DeYoung, Kasey L Brandt
Background and Purpose: Decreased door-to-needle (DTN) time with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) for acute ischemic stroke is associated with improved patient outcomes. Emergency medicine pharmacists (EMPs) can expedite the administration of tPA by assessing patients for contraindications, preparing, and administering tPA. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of EMPs on DTN times and clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke who receive tPA in the emergency department...
April 2018: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622392/comparison-of-drug-administration-logistics-between-prothrombin-complex-concentrates-and-plasma-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Sumaiah J Alarfaj, Daniel H Jarrell, Asad E Patanwala
BACKGROUND: Prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) is used as an alternative to fresh frozen plasma (FFP) for emergency bleeding. The primary objective of this study was to compare the time from order to start of administration between 3-factor PCC (PCC3), 4-factor (PCC4), and FFP in the emergency department (ED). The secondary objective was to evaluate the effect of an ED pharmacist on time to administration of PCCs. METHODS: This was a single center three-arm retrospective cohort study...
March 24, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590350/usage-and-accuracy-of-medication-data-from-nationwide-health-information-exchange-in-quebec-canada
#6
Aude Motulsky, Daniala L Weir, Isabelle Couture, Claude Sicotte, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, David L Buckeridge, Robyn Tamblyn
Objective: (1) To describe the usage of medication data from the Health Information Exchange (HIE) at the health care system level in the province of Quebec; (2) To assess the accuracy of the medication list obtained from the HIE. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted utilizing usage data obtained from the Ministry of Health at the individual provider level from January 1 to December 31, 2015. Usage patterns by role, type of site, and tool used to access the HIE were investigated...
March 26, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558852/sexually-transmitted-infection-review-for-the-acute-care-pharmacist
#7
Nathan D Mah, Asha R Birmingham, Cierra N Treu, Ryan P Bodkin, Nadia I Awad, Nicole M Acquisto
PURPOSE: Review selected sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and treatment recommendations for pharmacists and providers practicing in the acute care setting. SUMMARY: In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published an updated guideline on the treatment of STIs with an emphasis on prevention and new diagnostic strategies to combat the growing problem of STIs in the United States. Despite this guidance, the incidence of infection has continued to grow...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553427/acute-poisoning-in-the-gaza-strip-a-retrospective-study
#8
Mohammed K El-Habil
BACKGROUND: Acute poisoning is a major public health problem worldwide and a common cause of patient admissions to emergency departments and intensive care units. The aim of this study was to assess the acute poisoning cases admitted to three hospitals in the Gaza Strip and to assess the need for a poison control and drug information centre in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with acute poisoning between 2010 and 2015 at the emergency departments of Al-Shifa Hospital, European Gaza Hospital, and Al-Nassr Paediatric Hospital in the Gaza Strip were included in this retrospective study...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540105/clotassist-a-program-to-treat-cancer-associated-thrombosis-in-an-outpatient-pharmacy-setting
#9
Jacob C Easaw, Susan McCall, Adrian Azim
Stable cancer patients diagnosed with a pulmonary embolus or deep vein thrombosis are commonly referred to the emergency department for management. This practice strains an already overburdened emergency department and is associated with long wait times and poor disease/injection education for patients. This pilot study sought to determine if stable cancer patients with newly diagnosed cancer-associated thrombosis could be effectively managed by community-based pharmacists who followed an evidence-based protocol to prescribe and initiate low-molecular weight heparin therapy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532466/academic-detailing-with-provider-audit-and-feedback-improve-prescribing-quality-for-older-veterans
#10
Ann E Vandenberg, Katharina V Echt, Lawanda Kemp, Gerald McGwin, Molly M Perkins, Anna K Mirk
Suboptimal prescribing persists as a driver of poor quality care of older veterans and is associated with risk of hospitalization and emergency department visits. We adapted a successful medication management model, Integrated Management and Polypharmacy Review of Vulnerable Elders (IMPROVE), from an urban geriatric specialty clinic to rural community-based clinics that deliver primary care. The goals were to promote prescribing quality and safety for older adults, including reduced prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs)...
March 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517818/prospective-validation-of-clinical-criteria-to-identify-emergency-department-patients-at-high-risk-for-adverse-drug-events
#11
Corinne M Hohl, Katherin Badke, Amy Zhao, Maeve E Wickham, Stephanie A Woo, Marco L A Sivilotti, Jeffrey J Perry
OBJECTIVES: Adverse drug events cause or contribute to one in nine emergency department presentations in North America, and are often misdiagnosed. Emergency departments have insufficient clinical pharmacists to complete medication reviews in all incoming patients, even though pharmacist-led medications reviews have been associated with improved health outcomes. Our objective was to validate clinical decision rules to identify patients presenting with adverse drug events so they could be prioritized for pharmacist-led medication review...
March 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487041/why-clinicians-don-t-report-adverse-drug-events-qualitative-study
#12
Corinne M Hohl, Serena S Small, David Peddie, Katherin Badke, Chantelle Bailey, Ellen Balka
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug events are unintended and harmful events related to medications. Adverse drug events are important for patient care, quality improvement, drug safety research, and postmarketing surveillance, but they are vastly underreported. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to identify barriers to adverse drug event documentation and factors contributing to underreporting. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in 1 ambulatory center, and the emergency departments and inpatient wards of 3 acute care hospitals in British Columbia between March 2014 and December 2016...
February 27, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484345/hospitalization-drug-regimen-changes-in-geriatric-patients-and-adherence-to-modifications-by-general-practitioners-in-primary-care
#13
L Rouch, F Farbos, C Cool, C McCambridge, C Hein, S Elmalem, Y Rolland, B Vellas, P Cestac
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the overall rate of adherence by general practitioners (GPs) to treatment modifications suggested at discharge from hospital and to assess the way communication between secondary and primary care could be improved. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients hospitalized from the emergency department to the acute geriatric care unit of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 206 subjects with a mean age of 85 years...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475633/clinical-pharmacy-services-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Sofie Rahman Morgan, Nicole M Acquisto, Zlatan Coralic, Vicki Basalyga, Matthew Campbell, John J Kelly, Kevin Langkiet, Claire Pearson, Erick Sokn, Michael Phelan
The emergency department (ED) is a fast-paced, high-risk, and often overburdened work environment. Formal policy statements from several notable organizations, including the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), have recognized the importance of clinical pharmacists in the emergency medicine (EM) setting. EM clinical pharmacists work alongside emergency physicians and nurses at the bedside to optimize pharmacotherapy, improve patient safety, increase efficiency and cost-effectiveness of care, facilitate antibiotic stewardship, educate patients and clinicians, and contribute to scholarly efforts...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463169/clinical-outcomes-of-student-pharmacist-driven-medication-histories-at-an-academic-medical-center
#15
Justine S Gortney, Lynette R Moser, Priyasha Patel, Joshua N Raub
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown the positive impact that student pharmacists have on patients' health; however, no studies have been published evaluating student pharmacists' impact on direct patient outcomes (ie, readmission, emergency department [ED] visits, length of stay) related to the medication history process. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of student pharmacist-obtained medication histories on identification of medication discrepancies and clinical outcomes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444853/interprofessional-teamwork-innovation-model-itim-to-promote-communication-and-patient-centred-coordinated-care
#16
Jing Li, Preetham Talari, Andrew Kelly, Barbara Latham, Sherri Dotson, Kim Manning, Lisa Thornsberry, Colleen Swartz, Mark V Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations and the need to accelerate redesign of delivery models to be team-based and patient-centred, professional silos and cultural and structural barriers that inhibit working together and communicating effectively still predominate in the hospital setting. Aiming to improve team-based rounding, we developed, implemented and evaluated the Interprofessional Teamwork Innovation Model (ITIM). METHODS: This quality improvement (QI) study was conducted at an academic medical centre...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386867/impact-of-a-pharmacy-led-medication-reconciliation-program
#17
Naomi Digiantonio, Jeremy Lund, Samantha Bastow
Objective: To determine the impact of a pharmacy-led medication reconciliation program at a large community hospital. The magnitude of the benefit of pharmacy-led medication reconciliation was evaluated based on the number of medication-related discrepancies between nursing triage notes and medication histories performed by pharmacy technicians or students. Discrepancies identified by pharmacy personnel medication histories that required pharmacist intervention on physician admission orders were further classified based on expected clinical impact if the error were to be propagated throughout hospitalization...
February 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379953/effect-of-an-in-hospital-multifaceted-clinical-pharmacist-intervention-on-the-risk-of-readmission-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Lene Vestergaard Ravn-Nielsen, Marie-Louise Duckert, Mia Lolk Lund, Jolene Pilegaard Henriksen, Michelle Lyndgaard Nielsen, Christina Skovsende Eriksen, Thomas Croft Buck, Anton Pottegård, Morten Rix Hansen, Jesper Hallas
Importance: Hospital readmissions are common among patients receiving multiple medications, with considerable costs to the patients and society. Objective: To determine whether a multifaceted pharmacist intervention based on medication review, patient interview, and follow-up can reduce the number of readmissions and emergency department (ED) visits. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical multicenter study (Odense Pharmacist Trial Investigating Medication Interventions at Sector Transfer [OPTIMIST]) enrolled patients from September 1, 2013, through April 23, 2015, with a follow-up of 6 months completed on October 31, 2015...
March 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362276/interdisciplinary-collaboration-across-secondary-and-primary-care-to-improve-medication-safety-in-the-elderly-immense-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Jeanette Schultz Johansen, Kjerstin Havnes, Kjell H Halvorsen, Stine Haustreis, Lillann Wilsgård Skaue, Elena Kamycheva, Liv Mathiesen, Kirsten K Viktil, Anne Gerd Granås, Beate H Garcia
INTRODUCTION: Drug-related problems (DRPs) are common in the elderly, leading to suboptimal therapy, hospitalisations and increased mortality. The integrated medicines management (IMM) model is a multifactorial interdisciplinary methodology aiming to optimise individual medication therapy throughout the hospital stay. IMM has been shown to reduce readmissions and drug-related hospital readmissions. Using the IMM model as a template, we have designed an intervention aiming both to improve medication safety in hospitals, and communication across the secondary and primary care interface...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361750/an-exploratory-study-of-student-pharmacists-self-reported-pain-management-strategies-outcomes-and-implications-for-pharmacy-education
#20
David Rhys Axon, Carlos Hernandez, Jeannie Lee, Marion Slack
The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence, management strategies, and outcomes of pain experienced by student pharmacists, and to discuss implications for pharmacy education. A questionnaire administered to student pharmacists collected data about their experience, management strategies, and outcomes of pain. Data were analyzed using t -tests, chi-square or Fisher's tests, and logistic regression. Of the 218 student pharmacists who completed the survey, 79% experienced pain in the past five years...
January 22, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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