keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risk avoidance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475102/predictors-of-benzodiazepine-use-in-a-transdiagnostic-sample-of-panic-disorder-social-anxiety-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-patients
#1
Luana D Laurito, Carla P Loureiro, Rafaela V Dias, Paula Vigne, Gabriela B de Menezes, Rafael C Freire, Ulrich Stangier, Leonardo F Fontenelle
We investigated the rates of current and past benzodiazepine (BZD) use in a sample of 102 subjects attending specialized anxiety disorder clinics, including panic disorder (PD; N = 36), social anxiety disorder (SAD; N = 28) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; N = 38) patients. Almost 56% of the entire sample was using BZDs at the moment of the assessment, and 74.5% described having used them at some point during their lifetimes. The duration of psychiatric treatment and a lifetime history of PD, but not any other "transdiagnostic" measure of severity (such as the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale, the Social Phobia Inventory, the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-36, and the Beck Inventories) were independent risk factors for current prescription of BZDs...
February 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475071/pre-clinical-validation-of-a-closed-surface-system-cryotop-sc-for-the-vitrification-of-oocytes-and-embryos-in-the-mouse-model
#2
Damià Castelló, Ana Cobo, Enric Mestres, Maria Garcia, Ivette Vanrell, José Alejandro Remohí, Gloria Calderón, Nuno Costa-Borges
Vitrification is currently a well-established technique for the cryopreservation of oocytes and embryos. It can be achieved either by direct (open systems) or indirect (closed systems) contact with liquid nitrogen. While there is not a direct evidence of disease transmission by transferred cryopreserved embryos, it was experimentally demonstrated that cross-contamination between liquid nitrogen and embryos may occur, and thus, the use of closed devices has been recommended to avoid the risk of contamination...
February 20, 2018: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474387/mobile-phones-as-monitors-of-personal-exposure-to-air-pollution-is-this-the-future
#3
Mawutorli Nyarku, Mandana Mazaheri, Rohan Jayaratne, Matthew Dunbabin, Md Mahmudur Rahman, Erik Uhde, Lidia Morawska
Mobile phones have a large spectrum of applications, aiding in risk prevention and improving health and wellbeing of their owners. So far, however, they have not been used for direct assessment of personal exposure to air pollution. In this study, we comprehensively evaluated the first, and the only available, mobile phone-BROAD Life-equipped with air pollution sensors (PM2.5 and VOC), to answer the question whether this technology is a viable option in the quest of reducing the burden of disease to air pollution...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474319/the-association-of-icu-acuity-with-outcomes-of-patients-at-low-risk-of-dying
#4
Kelly C Vranas, Jeffrey K Jopling, Jennifer Y Scott, Omar Badawi, Michael O Harhay, Christopher G Slatore, Meghan C Ramsey, Michael J Breslow, Arnold S Milstein, Meeta Prasad Kerlin
OBJECTIVE: Many ICU patients do not require critical care interventions. Whether aggressive care environments increase risks to low-acuity patients is unknown. We evaluated whether ICU acuity was associated with outcomes of low mortality-risk patients. We hypothesized that admission to high-acuity ICUs would be associated with worse outcomes. This hypothesis was based on two possibilities: 1) high-acuity ICUs may have a culture of aggressive therapy that could lead to potentially avoidable complications and 2) high-acuity ICUs may focus attention toward the many sicker patients and away from the fewer low-risk patients...
March 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473910/a-method-for-dynamically-selecting-the-best-frequency-hopping-technique-in-industrial-wireless-sensor-network-applications
#5
Erlantz Fernández de Gorostiza, Jorge Berzosa, Jon Mabe, Roberto Cortiñas
Industrial wireless applications often share the communication channel with other wireless technologies and communication protocols. This coexistence produces interferences and transmission errors which require appropriate mechanisms to manage retransmissions. Nevertheless, these mechanisms increase the network latency and overhead due to the retransmissions. Thus, the loss of data packets and the measures to handle them produce an undesirable drop in the QoS and hinder the overall robustness and energy efficiency of the network...
February 23, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473898/australia-s-ongoing-legacy-of-asbestos-significant-challenges-remain-even-after-the-complete-banning-of-asbestos-almost-fifteen-years-ago
#6
Matthew Soeberg, Deborah A Vallance, Victoria Keena, Ken Takahashi, James Leigh
The most effective way of reducing the global burden of asbestos-related diseases is through the implementation of asbestos bans and minimising occupational and non-occupational exposure to respirable asbestos fibres. Australia's asbestos consumption peaked in the 1970s with Australia widely thought to have had among the highest per-capita asbestos consumption level of any country. Australia's discontinuation of all forms of asbestos and asbestos-containing products and materials did not occur at a single point of time...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473896/congenital-toxoplasmosis-a-plea-for-a-neglected-disease
#7
Martine Wallon, François Peyron
Maternal infection by Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy may have serious consequences for the fetus, ranging from miscarriage, central nervous system involvement, retinochoroiditis, or subclinical infection at birth with a risk of late onset of ocular diseases. As infection in pregnant women is usually symptomless, the diagnosis relies only on serological tests. Some countries like France and Austria have organized a regular serological testing of pregnant women, some others have no prenatal program of surveillance...
February 23, 2018: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473209/bendamustine-based-conditioning-prior-to-asct-results-of-a-french-multicenter-study-of-474-patients-from-lysa-centers
#8
Sylvain P Chantepie, Sylvain Garciaz, Emmanuelle Tchernonog, Frederic Peyrade, Marie-Virginie Larcher, Momar Diouf, Luc Mathieu Fornecker, Roch Houot, Thomas Gastinne, Carole Soussain, Sandra Malak, Richard Lemal, Caroline Delette, Ahmad Ibrahim, Anne-Claire Gac, E Reboursière, Jean-Pierre Vilque, Mohamed Amine Bekadja, Rene-Olivier Casasnovas, Remy Gressin, Stéphanie Guidez, Diane Coso, Charles Herbaux, Krimo Bouabdallah, Eric Durot, Gandhi Damaj
Carmustine shortage has led to an increase use of alternative conditioning regimens prior to autologous stem cell transplantation for the treatment of lymphoma, including Bendamustine-based (BeEAM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of the BeEAM regimen in a large cohort of patients. A total of 474 patients with a median age of 56 years were analyzed. The majority of patients had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (43.5%). Bendamustine was administered at a median dose of 197 mg/m2 /day (50-250) on days -7 and -6...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471899/principles-for-constructing-a-tuberculosis-treatment-regimen-the-role-and-definition-of-core-and-companion-drugs
#9
A Van Deun, T Decroo, A Piubello, B C de Jong, L Lynen, H L Rieder
Current World Health Organization guidelines for the formulation of treatment regimens for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) pay too little attention to the microbiological activity of anti-tuberculosis drugs. Here, we draw lessons from the pioneering work done on shorter MDR-TB treatment regimens and the current knowledge of the bactericidal and sterilizing properties of the drugs to inform the composition of treatment regimens for MDR-TB. We propose to reserve the term 'core drug' for the one drug in a regimen that contributes most to relapse-free cure...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471823/unidimensional-scales-for-fears-of-cancer-recurrence-and-their-psychometric-properties-the-fcr4-and-fcr7
#10
G M Humphris, E Watson, M Sharpe, G Ozakinci
BACKGROUND: The assessment of fear of recurrence (FCR) is crucial for understanding an important psychological state in patients diagnosed and treated for cancer. The study aim was to determine psychometric details of a seven question self-report scale (FCR7) and a short form (FCR4) based upon items already used in various extensive measures of FCR. METHODS: Two consecutive samples of patients (breast and colorectal) were recruited from a single specialist cancer centre...
February 9, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471745/effects-of-high-ambient-temperature-on-ambulance-dispatches-in-different-age-groups-in-fukuoka-japan
#11
Kazuya Kotani, Kayo Ueda, Xerxes Seposo, Shusuke Yasukochi, Hiroko Matsumoto, Masaji Ono, Akiko Honda, Hirohisa Takano
BACKGROUND: The elderly population has been the primary target of intervention to prevent heat-related illnesses. According to the literature, the highest risks have been observed among the elderly in the temperature-mortality relationship. However, findings regarding the temperature-morbidity relationship are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association of temperature with ambulance dispatches due to acute illnesses, stratified by age group...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471574/-type-2-diabetes-diabetes-in-older-adults-example-for-patient-centered-drug-therapy
#12
Dirk Müller-Wieland
Diabetes in older adults has a high prevalence and is frequently associated with comorbidities of the cardiovascular system, dysfunction of cognition as well as depression and impaired mobility or increased frailty. Furthermore, impaired renal function, heart failure, risk for hypoglycemia and polypharmacy has to be considered in the decision about the diabetes treatment strategy. The goal of blood glucose management is driven by patient relevant issues and patient self-esteem, quality of life defined by the patient, preservation of physical and social mobility rather than potential long-term effects on reduction of cardio- and microvascular events in the future, which is limited by patient-inherent reduced life expectancy of the aged individual...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471573/-which-drugs-in-hemato-oncology-are-unnecessary-or-inappropriate-for-use-in-the-elderly
#13
Valentin Goede, Michael Hallek
There is a vast amount of drugs and therapeutic regimens available today to treat hemato-oncological diseases. This offers new opportunities to close known gaps of undertreatment in older individuals with cancer, but also increases the risk of overtreatment in this patient group. Currently available criteria (drug listings) for potentially inadequate prescribing in the elderly are not matured enough to serve hemato-oncologists as a guidance when trying to identify unnecessary or inappropriate cancer medication in routine clinical practice...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470819/adequate-local-control-in-high-risk-soft-tissue-sarcoma-of-the-extremity-treated-with-surgery-alone-at-a-reference-centre-should-radiotherapy-still-be-a-standard
#14
Marco Fiore, Samuel Ford, Dario Callegaro, Claudia Sangalli, Chiara Colombo, Stefano Radaelli, Anna Maria Frezza, Salvatore L Renne, Paolo G Casali, Alessandro Gronchi
BACKGROUND: Established practice for the management of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of the extremity and trunk wall combines perioperative radiotherapy (RT) with limb-preserving surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore whether high-quality surgery at high-volume centers may offer equivalent local control in selected cases, when RT needs to be avoided. METHODS: All consecutive adult cases of primary, high-risk STSs treated in a high-volume reference center over a 12-year timeframe were included, and, on retrospective analysis, were divided into two groups...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470237/primary-shoulder-hemiarthroplasty-what-can-be-learned-from-359-cases-that-were-surgically-revised
#15
Daniel J Hackett, Jason E Hsu, Frederick A Matsen
BACKGROUND: Primary shoulder hemiarthroplasty is used to address a range of glenohumeral disorders, including fracture, arthritis, avascular necrosis, and capsulorrhaphy arthropathy; some patients with hemiarthroplasties undergo revision surgery for persistent pain or residual shoulder dysfunction. The literature does not clarify the features of the hemiarthroplasties having repeat surgery in a way that can guide surgeons' efforts to minimize the need for revision. To help address this gap, we analyzed the characteristics of patients from our region for whom we performed surgical revision of a prior humeral hemiarthroplasty QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What are the common characteristics of shoulder hemiarthroplasties having a revision? (2) What are the common characteristics of the subset of revised shoulder hemiarthroplasties that were performed for fracture? (3) What are characteristics of the subset of all revised hemiarthroplasties that were associated with glenoid bone erosion? METHODS: Data for 983 patients for whom we performed a surgical revision of any type of shoulder arthroplasty between January 1991 and January 2017 were identified in our longitudinally maintained institutional arthroplasty revision database...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469539/-survey-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-characteristics-and-its-risk-factors-among-healthy-blood-donation-population-in-shijiazhuang-city-hebei-province
#16
Wu Ya, Song Ren-Hao
OBJECTIVE: To understand the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection and its risk factors among healthy blood donation population in Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, so as to provide the evidence for developing effective prevention and control measures. METHODS: A total of 1 630 cases of blood donors in Shijiazhuang City were chosen as respondents, and all the respondents were qualified to the standard of blood donation. The antibodies to T. gondii were detected by using ELISA...
March 2, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469330/-serological-survey-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-women-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-longhua-region-hebei-province
#17
Zhang Li-Hong, Liu Gui-Fen, Liu Dong-Mei
OBJECTIVE: To understand the status of Toxoplasma gondii infection in women with adverse pregnancy outcomes in Longhua region, Hebei Province. METHODS: A total of 393 women with adverse pregnancy outcomes were chosen as respondents in the Longhua County Maternal and Child Health Care Center between January 2013 and June 2016 and were divided into an acute infection group, a previous infection group, and an active infection group according to the test results. Totally 256 women without adverse pregnancy outcomes were selected as a control group...
March 17, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469195/postoperative-ileus-following-major-colorectal-surgery
#18
REVIEW
S J Chapman, A Pericleous, C Downey, D G Jayne
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus (POI) is characterized by delayed gastrointestinal recovery following surgery. Current knowledge of pathophysiology, clinical interventions and methodological challenges was reviewed to inform modern practice and future research. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE and Embase databases was performed using search terms related to ileus and colorectal surgery. All RCTs involving an intervention to prevent or reduce POI published between 1990 and 2016 were identified...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469043/viscoelastic-testing-in-liver-disease
#19
Jessica P E Davis, Patrick G Northup, Stephen H Caldwell, Nicolas M Intagliata
Long thought to be hypocoagulable, new evidence suggests cirrhosis patients have "rebalanced" coagulation in the setting of decreased synthesis of both pro- and anti-coagulant factors. Traditional testing like PT/INR reflects only the decreased synthesis of pro-coagulant factors and thus does not correspond to bleeding or clotting risk in this population. In this review, we discuss the use of viscoelastic testing (VET), an assay of global hemostasis in cirrhosis patients. We describe the technique and interpretation of commercially available VET and assess the application of VET in both transplant and non-transplant cirrhosis populations...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468721/measurements-and-simulation-of-rf-heating-of-implanted-stereo-electroencephalography-electrodes-during-mr-scans
#20
Bhumi Bhusal, Pallab Bhattacharyya, Tanvir Baig, Stephen Jones, Michael Martens
PURPOSE: To assess RF-induced heating during MRI of patients with implanted stereo-electroencephalography electrodes. METHODS: Simulations and experimental measurements using phantom and a head-only transmit/receive coil on a 3T MR system were performed to evaluate temperature increases at the tip of an 8-contact stereo-electroencephalography electrode and an insulated wire partially immersed into the phantom. The lengths of wire producing maximum (resonant condition) and minimum (anti-resonant condition) heating were evaluated for different entry modes and penetration depths...
February 21, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
keyword
keyword
108405
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"