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Antireflux surgery

Yue Yang, Haitao Wu, Jian Zhou
BACKGROUND: This research aims to assess the response to acid suppression therapy in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)-related chronic laryngitis (CL). METHODS: Data were extracted from Web of Knowledge, Embase, and PubMed for English language article published up to March 2016. Pooled overall response rate (ORR) rates were evaluated to determine acid suppression treatment efficacy. Random effects model was used with standard approaches to sensitivity analysis, quality assessment, heterogeneity, and exploration of publication bias...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Benjamin C Knight, Peter G Devitt, David I Watson, Lorelle T Smith, Glyn G Jamieson, Sarah K Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term efficacy of antireflux surgery on Barrett's esophagus (BE) using BRAVO wireless pH monitoring. BACKGROUND: BE is associated with chronic gastroesophageal reflux and esophageal cancer. Till date, studies have failed to demonstrate that preventing gastroesophageal reflux with antireflux surgery halts the progression of BE, often because of difficulties in objectively proving an effective antireflux barrier. METHODS: Since 1991, all patients undergoing antireflux surgery across 2 hospital sites have been followed in a prospective database...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Örs Péter Horváth, Gábor Varga, Zsanett Biró, András Papp, Laura Bognár, András Vereczkei
Laparoscopic antireflux surgery is an effective treatment for patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease, when it is refractory to conservative management. In experienced centers the procedure is safe, although complications may develop either during surgery or in the early or late postoperative period, which may necessitate revisional surgery. Between 1998 and 2015 a total of 407 patients underwent laparoscopic antireflux surgery at the Department of Surgery, University of Pécs. This interval was divided into two periods...
September 2016: Magyar Sebészet
Dirk Wilhelm, Alissa Jell, Hubertus Feussner, Roland M Schmid, Monther Bajbouj, Valentin Becker
AIM: Diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) has dramatically increased over the last years. For diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux, a newly designed pharyngeal probe (Dx-pH) was recently introduced. It is also recommended to guide therapy decision in antireflux surgery. However, diagnostic results are questionable. Therefore, we establish a reliable reference group with asymptomatic patients after total gastrectomy and, thus, complete extinction of gastric acid production. METHODS: Pharyngeal pH monitoring was performed in 10 consecutive patients with history of total gastrectomy...
August 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Ciro Andolfi, Yalini Vigneswaran, Robert T Kavitt, Fernando A Herbella, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) is an excellent option for patients with symptoms refractory to medical treatment, for patients who have complications secondary to the use of proton pump inhibitors, and for those who do not want to take medications for a long period of time. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that (1) LARS has excellent outcomes if a complete preoperative workup and proper patient selection are performed and (2) recurrent symptoms often are not due to failure of the fundoplication to control the pathologic reflux...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Douglas C Barnhart
Despite the frequency with which antireflux procedures are performed, decisions about gastroesophageal reflux disease treatment remain challenging. Several factors contribute to the difficulties in managing gastroesophageal reflux. First, the distinction between physiologic and pathologic gastroesophageal reflux (gastroesophageal reflux disease-GERD) is not always clear. Second, measures of the extent of gastroesophageal reflux often poorly correlate to symptoms or other complications attributed to reflux in infants and children...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Ahmed Fathi Abdallah, Tarek El-Desoky, Khalid Fathi, Wagdy Fawzi Elkashef, Ahmed Zaki
Background. There is no gold standard test for diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) associated infantile wheezing. Objectives. To evaluate the value of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) pepsin assay in diagnosis of GERD in wheezy infants. Methods. Fifty-two wheezy infants were evaluated for GERD using esophageal combined impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring, esophagogastroduodenoscopy with esophageal biopsies, and BAL pepsin. Tracheobronchial aspirates from 10 healthy infants planned for surgery without history of respiratory problems were examined for pepsin...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Kornilia Nikaki, Philip Woodland, Daniel Sifrim
Detailed investigations and objective measurements in patients with symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux should be performed with the intent of making the correct diagnosis, thus enabling choice of appropriate therapy. Establishing the most effective therapy is particularly important in adults who do not respond to standard treatment and in children. The use of PPIs for suspected GERD has increased substantially over the past decade, providing great relief in patients with acid-related symptoms, but also leading to adverse effects and a considerable economic burden...
September 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Tadeusz Wróblewski, Konrad Kobryn, Małgorzata Nowosad, Marek Krawczyk
INTRODUCTION: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is recognized as one of the most common disorders of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The best choice of management for advanced GERD is laparoscopic surgery. AIM: To compare and evaluate the results of surgical treatment of GERD patients operated on using two different techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2001 and 2012, 353 patients (211 female and 142 male), aged 17-76 years (mean 44), underwent laparoscopic antireflux surgery...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
Byungkyu Ahn, Dong Ho Lee, Chang Min Lee, Jae Jin Hwang, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bronchiectasis is aggravated by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) owing to micro aspiration. Some researchers note the effect of antireflux surgery in bronchiectasis with GERD. However, few have investigated the effects of medical antireflux therapy. We investigated the effect of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in bronchiectasis with GERD. METHODS: From March 2003 to May 2015, the clinical records of patients who had bronchiectasis with GERD were reviewed...
July 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Jan Martínek, Jun-Ichi Akiyama, Zuzana Vacková, Manuele Furnari, Edoardo Savarino, Teus J Weijs, Elen Valitova, Sylvia van der Horst, Jelle P Ruurda, Lucas Goense, George Triadafilopoulos
Exciting new developments-pharmacologic, endoscopic, and surgical-have arisen for the treatment of many esophageal diseases. Refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease presents a therapeutic challenge, and several new options have been proposed to overcome an insufficient effectiveness of proton pump inhibitors. In patients with distal esophageal spasm, drugs and endoscopic treatments are the current mainstays of the therapeutic approach. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors (or antireflux surgery) should be considered in patients with Barrett's esophagus, since a recent meta-analysis demonstrated a 71% reduction in risk of neoplastic progression...
July 8, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Jml Williamson, D Mahon
Acute gastric dilatation is a rare cause of gas within the hepatic portal vein, but one that is important to recognise as prompt decompression via a nasogastric tube is usually successful in resolving the situation. We report the rare case of a 68-year-old man with spontaneous acute gastric dilatation 50 minutes after a dobutamine stress echo that resulted in pneumoporta. The patient had a Nissen's fundoplication 18 months previously; patients with previous antireflux surgery or who have a degree of gastric outlet obstruction may be at increased risk of this unusual condition...
July 7, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
George Triadafilopoulos, Dan Azagury
Patients experiencing heartburn and acid regurgitation despite proton pump inhibition therapy who are averse to antireflux surgery fall into what is called the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) treatment gap. This gap may be potentially addressed by several endoscopic and laparoscopic techniques, including gastric bypass surgery for those patients who are obese. These novel techniques do not significantly alter the anatomy of the esophagogastric junction, minimizing short- and long-term adverse effects...
July 6, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Z W Hu, J M Wu, Z G Wang, F Wang, M P Chen, Y Y Dong, X L Zhan, Y Zhang, S S Ma, C Zhang, C Yan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic reoperation for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) recurred form previous anti-reflux surgery. METHODS: Totally 19 patients received laparoscopic reoperation for symptomatic and anatomic recurred GERD in Department of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Rocket Force General Hospital from January 2008 to September 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 male and 7 female patients...
July 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Femke A Mauritz, J M Conchillo, L W E van Heurn, P D Siersema, C E J Sloots, R H J Houwen, D C van der Zee, M Y A van Herwaarden-Lindeboom
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) in children primarily aims to decrease reflux events and reduce reflux symptoms in children with therapy-resistant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim was to objectively assess the effect and efficacy of LARS in pediatric GERD patients and to identify parameters associated with failure of LARS. METHODS: Twenty-five children with GERD [12 males, median age 6 (2-18) years] were included prospectively...
July 1, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Jujju Jacob Kurian, Susan Jehangir, Isaac Tharu Varghese, Reju Joseph Thomas, John Mathai, Sampath Karl
AIM: The aim of the study is to review 7 patients with congenital esophageal stenosis treated in our institution from a diagnostic and therapeutic point of view. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 7 patients treated in Christian Medical College, Vellore from 2008 to 2014. The data were analyzed with regards to age at onset of symptoms, investigative findings, age at definitive treatment, pathology, modalities of treatment, and outcomes...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
A Rengarajan, J Drapekin, A Patel, C P Gyawali
BACKGROUND: High-resolution manometry (HRM) utilizes software tools to diagnose esophageal motor disorders. Performance of these software metrics could be affected by averaging and by software characteristics of different manufacturers. METHODS: High-resolution manometry studies on 86 patients referred for antireflux surgery (61.6 ± 1.4 year, 70% F) and 20 healthy controls (27.9 ± 0.7 year, 45% F) were first subject to standard analysis (Medtronic, Duluth, GA, USA)...
June 28, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Nevena Manevska, Sinisa Stojanoski, Venjamin Majstorov, Daniela Pop-Gjorcheva, Nikolina Zdraveska, Dafina Kuzmanovska
BACKGROUND: Radionuclide techniques, as direct radionuclide cystography and (99m)Tc-DMSA scintigraphy, have been used in evaluation of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and reflux nephropathy (RN) in children. Dynamic (99m)Tc-DTPA scintigraphy is reserved for evaluation of differential renal function and obstruction in children, where hydronephrosis is detected by ultrasonography (US) pre- or postnatally. CASE REPORT: Six year old boy was prenatally diagnosed with bilateral hydronephrosis...
March 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Lei Yu, Ji-Xiang Wu, Xiao-Hong Chen, Yun-Feng Zhang, Ji Ke
OBJECTIVE: Most researchers believe that the presence of large epiphrenic diverticulum (ED) with severe symptoms should lead to the consideration of surgical options. The choice of minimally invasive techniques and whether Heller myotomy with antireflux fundoplication should be employed after diverticulectomy became points of debate. The aim of this study was to describe how to perform laparoscopic transhiatal diverticulectomy (LTD) and oesophagomyotomy with the aid of intraoperative gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and how to investigate whether the oesophagomyotomy should be performed routinely after LTD...
October 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Marco Patti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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