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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628884/proteomics-profiling-reveals-inflammatory-biomarkers-of-antidepressant-treatment-response-findings-from-the-co-med-trial
#1
Bharathi S Gadad, Manish K Jha, Bruce D Grannemann, Taryn L Mayes, Madhukar H Trivedi
Animal and human studies suggest an association between depression and aberrant immune response. Further, common inflammatory markers may change during the course of antidepressant treatment in patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in inflammatory markers and clinical outcomes from subjects enrolled in the Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcome (CO-MED) trial. At baseline and week 12 (treatment completion), plasma samples of 102 participants were analyzed via a multiplex assay comprised of inflammatory markers using a 27-plex standard assay panel plus a 4-plex human acute phase xMAP technology based platform...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612257/peripheral-alterations-in-cytokine-and-chemokine-levels-after-antidepressant-drug-treatment-for-major-depressive-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Cristiano A Köhler, Thiago H Freitas, Brendon Stubbs, Michael Maes, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese, Nayanna Q de Andrade, Gerwyn Morris, Brisa S Fernandes, André R Brunoni, Nathan Herrmann, Charles L Raison, Brian J Miller, Krista L Lanctôt, André F Carvalho
Mounting evidence suggests that aberrations in immune-inflammatory pathways contribute to the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD), and individuals with MDD may have elevated levels of predominantly pro-inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein. In addition, previous meta-analyses suggest that antidepressant drug treatment may decrease peripheral levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and IL-6. Recently, several new studies examining the effect of antidepressants on these cytokines have been published, and so we performed an updated meta-analysis of studies that measured peripheral levels of cytokines and chemokines during antidepressant treatment in patients with MDD...
June 13, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608235/ferulic-acid-supplementation-for-management-of-depression-in-epilepsy
#3
Tanveer Singh, Taranjot Kaur, Rajesh Kumar Goel
Neuroinflammation driven altered neurochemical milieu have been reported to play a significant role in pathogenesis of comorbid depression in epilepsy. Most of the antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) such as levetiracetam, taigabine, topiramate have not been reported any significant effect in alleviating neuroinflammation, which may explain their ineffectiveness in ameliorating depression associated with epilepsy. The supplementation of antidepressants (ADs) attracts various pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions with AEDs and was considered unsafe in epilepsy...
June 12, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601279/escitalopram-or-novel-herbal-treatments-differentially-alter-cytokine-and-behavioral-responses-to-immune-challenge
#4
Ronit Avitsur, Shalva Paley, Motty Franko, Nizan Wolff, Nir Eyal, Ravid Doron
Studies suggest that inflammation is involved in the pathophysiology of depression. The present study examined the effects of the commonly used antidepressant escitalopram, in comparison with a novel herbal treatment (NHT) consisted of Crataegus pinnatifida, Triticum aestivum, Lilium brownii and Fructus Ziziphus jujuba, on cytokine and behavioral responses to an immune challenge. Escitalopram augmented lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α peripheral secretion and induced a faster kinetics of interleukin-1β secretion, while marginally reducing sickness behavior...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600519/alterations-in-the-inflammatory-cytokines-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-contribute-to-depression-like-phenotype-after-spared-nerve-injury-improvement-by-ketamine
#5
Ze-Min Xie, Xing-Ming Wang, Ning Xu, Jing Wang, Wei Pan, Xiao-Hui Tang, Zhi-Qiang Zhou, Kenji Hashimoto, Jian-Jun Yang
Although pain is frequently accompanied with depression, little is known about the risk factors contributing to individual differences to the comorbidity of pain and depression. In this study, we examined whether cytokines and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) might contribute to the individual differences in the development of neuropathic pain-induced depression. Rats were randomly subjected to spared nerved ligation (SNI) or sham surgery. The SNI rats were divided into two groups by the data from depression-related behavioral tests...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599348/a-pilot-open-label-8-week-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-adjunctive-minocycline-for-the-treatment-of-bipolar-i-ii-depression
#6
Joanna K Soczynska, Sidney H Kennedy, Mohammad Alsuwaidan, Rodrigo B Mansur, Madeline Li, Mary Pat McAndrews, Elisa Brietzke, Hanna O Woldeyohannes, Valerie H Taylor, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to determine if adjunctive minocycline mitigates depressive symptom severity and improves cognitive function in individuals with bipolar I/II disorder (BD). The study also aimed to determine if changes in depressive and/or cognitive symptoms over the course of treatment were associated with changes in circulating inflammatory cytokine levels. METHODS: A total of 29 (intention-to-treat: n=27) adults meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for a major depressive episode as part of bipolar I or II disorder (i...
May 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566947/immunological-aspects-of-the-treatment-of-depression-and-schizophrenia
#7
Norbert Müller
Schizophrenia and major depression (MD) have been associated with immune system dysfunction. One example of this is the altered level of cytokines-important inflammatory mediators-in blood, and a proinflammatory immune state has been described in some subgroups of patients. A knock to the immune system in early life might trigger a life-long increased immune reactivity, and infections and autoimmune disorders are now known to be risk factors for development of schizophrenia and MD. Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines mediate indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase activity; this enzyme drives metabolism of tryptophan and kynurenin in the central nervous system and degrades serotonin...
March 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556833/blockade-of-interleukin-6-receptor-in-the-periphery-promotes-rapid-and-sustained-antidepressant-actions-a-possible-role-of-gut-microbiota-brain-axis
#8
J-C Zhang, W Yao, C Dong, C Yang, Q Ren, M Ma, K Hashimoto
Depression is a common, severe and chronic psychiatric disease. Although the currently available antidepressants have been used in the treatment of depression, their beneficial effects are limited. Accumulating evidence suggests that pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) have an important role in the pathogenesis of depression. This study was undertaken to examine whether anti-mouse IL-6 receptor antibody (MR16-1) induces antidepressant effects in a social defeat stress model. Intravenous injection of MR16-1 induced rapid-onset and long-lasting antidepressant effects in susceptible mice after social defeat stress through its anti-inflammatory actions...
May 30, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529072/rescue-of-il-1%C3%AE-induced-reduction-of-human-neurogenesis-by-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-antidepressants
#9
Alessandra Borsini, Silvia Alboni, Mark A Horowitz, Luis M Tojo, Giuseppe Cannazza, Kuan-Pin Su, Carmine M Pariante, Patricia A Zunszain
Both increased inflammation and reduced neurogenesis have been associated with the pathophysiology of major depression. We have previously described how interleukin-1 (IL-1) β, a pro-inflammatory cytokine increased in depressed patients, decreases neurogenesis in human hippocampal progenitor cells. Here, using the same human in vitro model, we show how omega-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids and conventional antidepressants reverse this reduction in neurogenesis, while differentially affecting the kynurenine pathway...
May 18, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521271/the-association-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-to-pharmacological-treatment-and-its-influence-on-cytokines
#10
Thiago Fernando Vasconcelos Freire, Neusa Sica da Rocha, Marcelo Pio de Almeida Fleck
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of evidence shows that disturbances in the immune system are involved in the pathogenesis of depression. Although the immune-modulating effects of antidepressants have been described, few studies have addressed the functioning of the immune system in relation to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). This study aims to investigate if the addition of ECT to pharmacotherapy is associated with changes in cytokine levels. METHODS: Adult inpatients were invited to participate in this study on admission to a psychiatric unit...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511072/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-associated-with-clinical-severity-of-dry-eye-disease-of-patients-with-depression
#11
Małgorzata Mrugacz, Lucyna Ostrowska, Anna Bryl, Agata Szulc, Beata Zelazowska-Rutkowska, Grzegorz Mrugacz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation of inflammatory cytokines levels in tears with severity of dry eye disease in a cohort of patients with depression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tear fluid samples were collected from 32 patients with depression treated with antidepressants, and 34 healthy subjects. Cytokines were assessed by ELISA. All the subjects completed the Beck Depression Inventory and performed the ophthalmic examination, including dry eye tests...
May 13, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477248/fluoxetine-an-antidepressant-drug-inhibited-cigarette-smoke-induced-pulmonary-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#12
Zhiyong Cai, Jindi Liu, Hongliang Bian, Jinlan Cai, Qing Jin, Jijing Han
The present study was designed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of fluoxetine (Flu) against cigarette smoke (CS)-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in rats. Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned to five groups: control group, CS group, dexamethasone (2 mg/kg) group, and flu (2 mg/kg). H&E staining demonstrated that Flu inhibited CS-induced pathological injury. In addition, Flu could restore the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in serum...
May 5, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474231/fluoxetine-reverses-behavior-changes-in-socially-isolated-rats-role-of-the-hippocampal-gsh-dependent-defense-system-and-proinflammatory-cytokines
#13
Ivana Perić, Andrijana Stanisavljević, Peter Gass, Dragana Filipović
Exposure of an organism to chronic social isolation (CSIS) has been shown to have an important role in depression. Fluoxetine (Flx) is a first-line treatment for depression; however, its downstream mechanisms of action beyond serotonergic signaling remain ill-defined. We investigated the effect of 3 weeks of Flx (15 mg/kg/day) treatment on behavioral changes and protein expression/activity of the GSH-dependent defense system, including reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GLR), and glutathione S-transferase (GST), as well as catalase (CAT), in the hippocampus of rats exposed to 6 weeks of CSIS...
May 4, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460354/suppression-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-expression-and-lack-of-anti-depressant-like-effect-of-fluoxetine-in-lipopolysaccharide-treated-old-female-mice
#14
Weronika Duda, Marta Kubera, Grzegorz Kreiner, Katarzyna Curzytek, Jan Detka, Katarzyna Głombik, Joanna Ślusarczyk, Agnieszka Basta-Kaim, Bogusława Budziszewska, Władysław Lasoń, Magdalena Regulska, Monika Leśkiewicz, Adam Roman, Agnieszka Zelek-Molik, Irena Nalepa
Some antidepressants show a significantly lower efficacy in elderly patients, particularly in women. Previous studies have shown that antidepressants administered to young animals reduced depression-like symptoms induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The aim of this study was to find out whether the antidepressant and anti-inflammatory properties of fluoxetine (FLU) can be observed also in old female C57BL/6J mice. A depression-like state was evoked by the administration of LPS (100μg/kg for 4 consecutive days) which was followed by reduction of sucrose preference (anhedonia) and enhancement of immobility-time in the forced swim test (FST)...
April 28, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460353/baicalin-ameliorates-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-induced-depressive-behavior-involving-the-inhibition-of-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-in-rat-prefrontal-cortex
#15
Xiaoxin Liu, Chao Liu
Abnormal activation of nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat, pyrin domain containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome could induce inflammation in the central nervous system and result in the hyperactivity of HPA axis, which were involved in the pathophysiology of depression. Baicalin, a major polyphenol compound extracts from Scutellaria radix roots, has been previously confirmed to normalize the hyperactivity of HPA axis in rats received chronic mild stress. However, its antidepressant effects and mechanisms are remains unclear in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model of depression...
July 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433456/cytokine-alterations-and-cognitive-impairment-in-major-depressive-disorder-from-putative-mechanisms-to-novel-treatment-targets
#16
REVIEW
Błażej Misiak, Jan Aleksander Beszłej, Kamila Kotowicz, Monika Szewczuk-Bogusławska, Jerzy Samochowiec, Jolanta Kucharska-Mazur, Dorota Frydecka
Overwhelming evidence indicates the involvement of immune-inflammatory processes in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Peripheral cytokine alterations serve as one of most consistently reported indices of subthreshold inflammatory state observed in MDD. Although cytokines cannot pass directly through the blood-brain barrier, a number of transport mechanisms have been reported. In addition, peripheral cytokines may impact central nervous system via downstream effectors of their biological activity...
April 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370241/lc-q-tof-profile-and-preliminary-stability-studies-of-an-enriched-flavonoid-fraction-of-cecropia-pachystachya-tr%C3%A3-cul-leaves-with-potential-antidepressant-like-activity
#17
Caroline F Ortmann, Helena M Abelaira, Gislaine Z Réus, Zuleide M Ignácio, Vitor Clasen Chaves, Talitha Caldas Dos Santos, Pâmela de Carvalho, Anelise S Carlessi, Livia Bruchchen, Lucineia G Danielski, Simone Gonçalves Cardoso, Angela M de Campos, Fabricia Petronilho, Joyce Rebelo, Meline O S Morais, Francieli Vuolo, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, Emilio L Streck, João Quevedo, Flávio H Reginatto
There is an increasing interest in natural antioxidants that are candidates for prevention of brain damage occurring in major depressive disorders. Cecropia pachystachya is a tropical tree species of Central and South America and is a rich source of polyphenols, especially flavonoids. The aim of this study was to characterize the flavonoid profile of an enriched flavonoid fraction of C. pachystachya (EFF-Cp) and evaluate the antidepressant-like effects of its acute administration in behavior, cytokine levels, oxidative stress and energy metabolism parameters...
March 31, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342944/the-anti-inflammatory-mechanism-of-antidepressants-ssris-snris
#18
REVIEW
Piotr Gałecki, Joanna Mossakowska-Wójcik, Monika Talarowska
The cytokine theory of depression no longer brings about any doubts. Experiments and research studies conducted in the last ten years have confirmed that both physical and psychological (emotional) stress increases the likelihood of occurrence of mental disorders (including depressive disorders) owing to the action of a series of hormonal and biochemical mechanisms. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) as well as serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are some of the most commonly applied drugs in the world during pharmacotherapy of recurrent depressive disorder...
March 22, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337940/genome-wide-analysis-of-lps-induced-inflammatory-response-in-the-rat-ventral-hippocampus-modulatory-activity-of-the-antidepressant-agomelatine
#19
Andrea Carlo Rossetti, Maria Serena Paladini, Giorgio Racagni, Marco Andrea Riva, Annamaria Cattaneo, Raffaella Molteni
OBJECTIVES: Several studies reported that antidepressant drugs have immune-regulatory effects by acting on specific inflammatory mediators. However, considering the highly complex nature of the inflammatory response, we have adopted an unbiased genome-wide strategy to investigate the immune-regulatory activity of the antidepressant agomelatine in modulating the response to an acute inflammatory challenge. METHODS: Microarray analysis was used to identify genes modulated in the ventral hippocampus of adult rats chronically treated with agomelatine (40 mg/kg, os) before being challenged with a single injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 250 μg/kg, i...
March 24, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323284/altered-peripheral-immune-profiles-in-treatment-resistant-depression-response-to-ketamine-and-prediction-of-treatment-outcome
#20
D D Kiraly, S R Horn, N T Van Dam, S Costi, J Schwartz, S Kim-Schulze, M Patel, G E Hodes, S J Russo, M Merad, D V Iosifescu, D S Charney, J W Murrough
A subset of patients with depression have elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines, and some studies demonstrate interaction between inflammatory factors and treatment outcome. However, most studies focus on only a narrow subset of factors in a patient sample. In the current study, we analyzed broad immune profiles in blood from patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) at baseline and following treatment with the glutamate modulator ketamine. Serum was analyzed from 26 healthy control and 33 actively depressed TRD patients free of antidepressant medication, and matched for age, sex and body mass index...
March 21, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
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