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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918280/from-sport-hunting-to-breeding-success-patterns-of-lead-ammunition-ingestion-and-its-effects-on-an-endangered-raptor
#1
José M Gil-Sánchez, Saray Molleda, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Jesús Bautista, Isabel Navas, Raquel Godinho, Antonio J García-Fernández, Marcos Moleón
Lead is highly toxic for wildlife, with pernicious consequences especially in long-lived predators. The causes of lead ammunition ingestion in Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata) and its effects on breeding success were studied in one of the most important populations of this endangered species in Europe. Regurgitated pellets belonging to different pairs from 2004 to 2014 were analyzed, both in the breeding (1363 pellets from 12 territories) and non-breeding (172 pellets from 9 territories) seasons. From these territories, 57 molted feathers to study lead contamination were analyzed, and breeding success was monitored for 41 breeding attempts...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917377/the-effect-of-a-beeswax-olive-oil-and-alkanna-tinctoria-l-tausch-mixture-on-burn-injuries-an-experimental-study-with-a-control-group
#2
Kenan Gümüş, Zeynep Karaman Özlü
OBJECTIVES: This study was planned to investigate the effect of a mixture of beeswax, olive oil and A. Tinctoria (L.) Tausch on burn wounds to determine the impact on burn healing, pain during dressing changes and duration of hospital stay. METHODS: The study was conducted between May 2014 and August 2015 in the Burn Unit of Ataturk University Research Hospital. The sample of this experimental study consisted of 64 patients (31 experimental group and 33 control group) who met its inclusion criteria...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917125/what-makes-a-face-photo-a-good-likeness
#3
Kay L Ritchie, Robin S S Kramer, A Mike Burton
Photographs of people are commonly said to be 'good likenesses' or 'poor likenesses', and this is a concept that we readily understand. Despite this, there has been no systematic investigation of what makes an image a good likeness, or of which cognitive processes are involved in making such a judgement. In three experiments, we investigate likeness judgements for different types of images: natural images of film stars (Experiment 1), images of film stars from specific films (Experiment 2), and iconic images and face averages (Experiment 3)...
September 13, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916849/1000-consecutive-cases-of-laser-assisted-liposuction-utilizing-the-1440%C3%A2-nm-wavelength-nd-yag-laser-assessing-the-safety-and-efficacy
#4
Christopher T Chia, Mark G Albert, Sharon Del Vecchio, Spero J Theodorou
BACKGROUND: Liposuction remains one of the most popular aesthetic surgery procedures performed today, and it has undergone continuous refinements over the past four decades. Advancements in anesthesia, improvements in instrumentation, better understanding of fluid dynamics and the addition of energy to liposuction have led to better outcomes with improved safety and efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to review 1000 consecutive laser-assisted liposuction (LAL) cases utilizing the 1440 nm wavelength...
September 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916350/quantification-of-marine-macro-debris-abundance-around-vancouver-island-canada-based-on-archived-aerial-photographs-processed-by-projective-transformation
#5
Tomoya Kataoka, Cathryn Clarke Murray, Atsuhiko Isobe
The abundance of marine macro-debris was quantified with high spatial resolution by applying an image processing technique to archived shoreline aerial photographs taken over Vancouver Island, Canada. The photographs taken from an airplane at oblique angles were processed by projective transformation for georeferencing, where five reference points were defined by comparing aerial photographs with satellite images of Google Earth. Thereafter, pixels of marine debris were extracted based on their color differences from the background beaches...
September 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915284/long-term-comparison-of-a-large-spot-vacuum-assisted-handpiece-vs-the-small-spot-size-traditional-handpiece-of-the-800-nm-diode-laser
#6
Nour J Youssef, Alain G Rizk, Omar A Ibrahimi, Zeina S Tannous
BACKGROUND The 800 nm long-pulsed diode laser machine is safe and effective for permanent hair reduction. Traditionally, most long-pulsed diode lasers used for hair removal had a relatively small spot size. Recently, a long-pulsed diode laser with a large spot size and vacuum assisted suction handpiece was introduced. The treatment parameters of each type of handpiece differ. Short and long-term clinical efficacy, treatment associated pain, and patient satisfaction are important factors to be considered. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to conduct a direct head to head comparison of both handpieces of the 800nm long-pulsed diode laser by evaluating long term hair reduction, treatment associated pain and patient satisfaction...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914711/change-in-eyelid-position-following-muller-s-muscle-conjunctival-resection-with-a-standard-versus-variable-resection-length
#7
Daniel B Rootman, Kunal R Sinha, Robert A Goldberg
PURPOSE: This study compares the use of a standard 7 mm resection length to a variable 4:1 ratio of resection length to desired elevation nomogram when performing Muller's muscle conjunctival resection surgery. METHODS: In this cross-sectional case control study, 2 groups were defined. The first underwent Muller's muscle conjunctival resection surgery with a standard 7 mm resection length and the second underwent the same surgery with a variable resection length determined by a 4:1 ratio of resection length to desired elevation nomogram...
September 12, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914680/outcomes-in-patients-treated-with-a-novel-simple-method-for-hemostasis-of-dermal-avulsion-injuries
#8
Sean Taylor Dowling, Brian Wai Lin
OBJECTIVE: A recently described technique proposes a simple method to achieve permanent hemostasis of distal fingertip dermal avulsion injuries. It is simple to learn and easy to perform with readily available materials found in most emergency departments. However, long-term outcomes for patients treated with this technique have not yet been evaluated. A primary objective of the current article is to provide safety data for the technique using an off-label product indication. SETTING: Emergency department of Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, San Francisco, California...
October 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914184/elements-of-effective-community-engagement-lessons-from-a-targeted-malaria-elimination-study-in-lao-pdr-laos
#9
Bipin Adhikari, Christopher Pell, Koukeo Phommasone, Xayaphone Soundala, Palingnaphone Kommarasy, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Gisela Henriques, Nicholas P J Day, Mayfong Mayxay, Phaik Yeong Cheah
BACKGROUND: Mass drug (antimalarial) administration (MDA) is currently under study in Southeast Asia as part of a package of interventions referred to as targeted malaria elimination (TME). This intervention relies on effective community engagement that promotes uptake and adherence in target communities (above 80%). OBJECTIVE: Based on the experienced of designing and implementing the community engagement for TME in Laos, in this article we aim to present the elements of effective community engagement for mass antimalarial administration...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913492/incorporating-airway-examination-photography-into-the-electronic-record
#10
Joshua W Sappenfield, Nik Gravenstein, Judith M Wishin, Chukwudi Obiora Chiaghana, David Smyth, Brenda G Fahy, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Laurie Davies, F Kayser Enneking
BACKGROUND: Photography of the airway has been used in research to validate preoperative airway assessment and the likelihood of identifying the difficult-to-mask ventilate and/or intubate patient. Up till now, no study has demonstrated the perceived utility of incorporation of airway photographs into the anesthesia preassessment. METHODS: The University of Florida Health Presurgical Clinic routinely incorporates three photographs of all adult patients during their preanesthesia visit...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912939/effect-of-er-yag-laser-and-sandblasting-in-recycling-of-ceramic-brackets
#11
Soghra Yassaei, Hossein Aghili, Azadeh Hosseinzadeh Firouzabadi, Hamidreza Meshkani
Introduction: This study was performed to determine the shear bond strength of rebonded mechanically retentive ceramic brackets after recycling with Erbium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Er:YAG) laser or sandblasting. Methods: Twenty-eight debonded ceramic brackets plus 14 intact new ceramic brackets were used in this study. Debonded brackets were randomly divided into 2 groups of 14. One group was treated by Er:YAG laser and the other with sandblasting. All the specimens were randomly bonded to 42 intact human upper premolars...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910205/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-between-sex-hormone-deficiency-and-soft-drusen
#12
Han Jo Kwon, Seung Min Lee, Kang Yeun Pak, Sung Who Park, Ji Eun Lee, Ik Soo Byon
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between sex hormone deficiency and soft drusen in women and men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and fundus photographs of subjects who underwent a health screening for additional examination of climacterium and age-related changes including sex hormone status. In women, sex hormone deficiency was defined as cessation of menstruation that had lasted for at least 12 months and follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) levels ≥ 25 mIU/mL; in men, it was defined as testosterone levels ≤ 3...
September 14, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906328/the-americleft-project-a-modification-of-asher-mcdade-method-for-rating-nasolabial-esthetics-in-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-using-q-sort
#13
Alicia Stoutland, Ross E Long, Ana Mercado, John Daskalogiannakis, Ronald R Hathaway, Kathleen A Russell, Emily Singer, Gunvor Semb, William C Shaw
The purpose of this study was to investigate ways to improve rater reliability and satisfaction in nasolabial esthetic evaluations of patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), by modifying the Asher-McDade method with use of Q-sort methodology. Blinded ratings of cropped photographs of one hundred forty-nine 5- to 7-year-old consecutively treated patients with complete UCLP from 4 different centers were used in a rating of frontal and profile nasolabial esthetic outcomes by 6 judges involved in the Americleft Project's intercenter outcome comparisons...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904644/teaching-the-history-of-microbiology-and-the-transformation-of-the-laboratory-a-study-in-miniature
#14
Linda S Guthertz
This article presents a technique for bringing the history of microbiology to life in an exciting way. Eight miniature models were created, based on photographs or drawings, showing scientists at work in their labs. The models chosen represent important discoveries in microbiology, illustrating changes and advances in techniques and tools over the history of the discipline from 1600 through 2000. They serve as a novel and engaging teaching tool. While the instructor still presents the historic facts, the use of models provides the feeling of being there! They can also serve as a record for the future...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904309/evaluation-of-black-spaces-between-maxillary-central-incisors-by-dentistry-students-and-laypeople
#15
Erdem Ayyıldız, Enes Tan, Hakan Keklik, Ahmet A Celebi, Matheus M Pithon
This study aimed to compare the perception of smile esthetics and alterations among dentistry degree students and laypeople to identify differences in the esthetic perception of black spaces between the maxillary central incisors among Turkish laypeople and students in different study years. Photographs altered to include black spaces of various sizes at the midline were evaluated by 208 dentistry students in years 1-5 and 45 Turkish laypeople. Perceptional differences in different photographs were statistically significant...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902936/corneal-angiogenesis-based-on-different-protocols-of-alkaline-cauterization-in-murine-models
#16
Flor Diana Yokoay Claros-Chacaltana, Karina Kamachi Kobashigawa, Ivan Ricardo Martinez Padua, Gisele Pereira Valdetaro, Marcela Aldrovani, José Luiz Laus
Purpose: To establish and compare protocols of alkaline cauterization for inducing corneal angiogenesis in murine models. Methods: Twenty-four adult Wistar rats were distributed into four groups (G1, G2, G3, and G4). The right eye cornea from each rat was cauterized using filter paper (3 mm), soaked in a solution of silver and potassium nitrates (3:1). Cauterization times were 10 (G1 and G4), or 20 seconds (G2 and G3). Cauterized corneas were washed with Ringer's lactate solution...
August 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902248/facial-profile-esthetics-in-operated-children-with-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#17
Rita de Cássia Moura Carvalho Lauris, Leopoldino Capelozza, Louise Resti Calil, José Roberto Pereira Lauris, Guilherme Janson, Daniela Gamba Garib
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the facial profile esthetics of rehabilitated children with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), comparing the judgment of professionals related and not related to cleft rehabilitation and laypersons. Methods: Thirty children in the mixed dentition (24 male; 6 female) with a mean age of 7.8 years were evaluated using facial profile photographs by 25 examiners: 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons with experience in cleft care, 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons without experience in oral cleft rehabilitation and 5 graduated laymen...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902034/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-noninvasive-1-060-nm-diode-laser-for-fat-reduction-of-the-flanks
#18
Bruce Katz, Sean Doherty
BACKGROUND: Preliminary reports indicate a hyperthermic diode laser treatment could be a safe and effective method for noninvasive fat reduction using the 1,060-nm wavelength. This wavelength penetrates the skin to heat subcutaneous adipocytes causing cellular disruption, leaving extracellular lipids, and cellular debris to be evacuated naturally by the body. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of this modality for noninvasive fat reduction of the flanks...
September 4, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901889/effect-of-breakfast-omission-and-consumption-on-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-in-adolescent-girls-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Julia K Zakrzewski-Fruer, Tatiana Plekhanova, Dafni Mandila, Yannis Lekatis, Keith Tolfrey
It is not known if breakfast consumption is an effective intervention for altering daily energy balance in adolescents when compared with breakfast omission. This study examined the acute effect of breakfast consumption and omission on free-living energy intake (EI) and physical activity (PA) in adolescent girls. Using an acute randomised cross-over design, forty girls (age 13·3 (sd 0·8) years, BMI 21·5 (sd 5·0) kg/m2) completed two, 3-d conditions in a randomised, counter-balanced order: no breakfast (NB) and standardised (approximately 1962 kJ) breakfast (SB)...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901051/noninvasive-submental-fat-reduction-using-colder-cryolipolysis
#20
Hector Leal Silva, Esther Carmona Hernandez, Mariana Grijalva Vazquez, Sebastian Leal Delgado, Angel Perez Blanco
BACKGROUND: Cryolipolysis has shown to significantly reduce localized subcutaneous fat, including submental fat. Temperatures below -11°C have not been used to treat the submental region. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of Cryolipolysis for noninvasive reduction of submental fat using lower temperatures and reduced treatment time. METHODS: A small volume applicator was used to treat 15 subjects, using a noninvasive tissue cooling device (CoolSculpting System, ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Pleasanton, CA, USA) during 45 and 30 minutes at -12 and -15°C, respectively, to induce reduction of submental fat...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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