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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792934/pretarsal-skin-height-changes-in-children-receiving-topical-prostaglandin-analogue-therapy-for-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#1
Mohammed Al-Zobidi, Rajiv Khandekar, Augusto Cruz, Randy E Craven, Ches Souru, Rizwan Malik, Deepak P Edward
PURPOSE: To compare pretarsal skin height (PTSH), as proxy indicator of deepening of the upper eyelid sulcus, in children with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) treated with topical prostaglandin analogues (PGAs) with PTSH in healthy children (control group 1) and children with PCG but not using PGAs (control group 2). METHODS: We recruited children with PCG who had been using PGAs for at least 6 months (PCG/PGA group). PTSH in all participants was measured using ImageJ software from photographs taken in a standardized manner...
May 21, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792913/comparison-of-cerebral-ventricular-volumes-and-cortical-thicknesses-in-normal-rats-and-genetic-absence-epilepsy-gaers-a-developmental-study
#2
Özlem Kirazlı, Hüsniye Hacıoğlu Bay, Yusuf Özgür Çakmak, Filiz Onat, Safiye Çavdar
Ventricular enlargement and cortical atrophy have been associated with various central nervous system diseases. The aim of the present study was to measure the volumes of the lateral (LV) and third (3V) ventricles and to determine the cortical thickness for the motor (MCx), somatosensory (SSCx), visual (VCx) and auditory (AuCx) cortex and the striatum of Wistar rats, in a developmental series at 10, 20, 30, and 60 days postnatal, and to compare them with similar data from genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg (GAERS)...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792106/psychometric-properties-of-the-photograph-series-of-daily-activities-short-electronic-version-phoda-sev-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-according-to-cosmin-checklist
#3
Crystian Bitencourt Oliveira, Marcia Rodrigues Franco, Samantha Janaina Demarchi, Rob Johannes E M Smeets, Ivan P J Huijnen, Priscila Kalil Morelhão, Thalysi Mayumi Hisamatsu, Rafael Zambelli Pinto
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Background The Photograph Daily Activities Series - Short Electronic Version (PHODA-SeV) assesses perceived harmfulness of daily activities in patients with low back pain (LBP). Although there is some evidence that the PHODA-SeV is a reliable and valid tool, its psychometric properties have not been fully investigated. Objectives To investigate the test-retest reliability, measurement error, interpretability, construct validity, internal and external responsiveness of the PHODA-SeV in patients with chronic LBP...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790590/evaluation-of-biofilm-removal-and-adverse-effects-on-acrylic-resin-by-diluted-concentrations-of-sodium-hypochlorite-and-ricinus-communis-solutions
#4
Carolina N F Arruda, Marcela M Salles, Maurício M Badaró, Danilo B Sorgini, Viviane C Oliveira, Ana P Macedo, Cláudia H Silva-Lovato, Helena F O Paranhos
PURPOSE: To verify whether 0.1% and 0.2% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and 8% Ricinus communis (RC) were able to remove denture biofilm without causing deleterious effects to acrylic resin. BACKGROUND: Previous data show that denture cleansers are effective in reducing biofilm; however, they can change acrylic resin properties. METHODS: In a crossover trial, 47 denture wearers brushed and soaked their dentures (20 min/14 d): control, 0.85% saline; SH1, 0...
May 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790262/the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-5-aminolevulinic-acid-5-thermosetting-gel-photodynamic-therapy-pdt-in-the-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-acne-vulgaris-a-two-center-prospective-assessor-blinded-proof-of-concept-study
#5
Stefano Maria Serini, Maria Vittoria Cannizzaro, Annunziata Dattola, Virginia Garofalo, Esther Del Duca, Alessandra Ventura, Massimo Milani, Elena Campione, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, commonly treated with topical or systemic drugs, according to the severity of the condition. Retinoids and antibiotic compounds are considered cornerstone approaches in this condition. However, low adherence to the therapy and the issue of bacterial resistance undermine the efficacy in the long term. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 20% aminolevulinic acid (ALA) has shown to be effective in the treatment of inflammatory acne...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789857/ongoing-development-and-evaluation-of-a-method-of-telemedicine-burn-care-management-with-a-smartphone
#6
David Boccara, Farid Bekara, Sabri Soussi, Matthieu Legrand, Marc Chaouat, Maurice Mimoun, Kevin Serror
In cases involving small burns in patients without a comorbidity or associated pathology, a referral from a surgeon is necessary and sometimes it cannot be ascertained when the patient is not brought in by a specialized team. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the quality of our method for performing telemedicine. This retrospective study included the 323 patients who were initially treated using the telemedicine system implemented between 2011 and 2016. This procedure only involved patients burned over a small portion of their body's surface area (ie, ≤15%) who were between 15 and 75 years of age and who did not have a major comorbidity...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789476/female-facial-attractiveness-assessed-from-three-dimensional-contour-lines-by-university-students
#7
Jinwara Jirathamopas, Yu Fang Liao, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko, Yu-Ray Chen, Chiung Shing Huang
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) images could provide more accurate evaluation for facial attractiveness than two-dimensional (2D) images. The 3D facial image could be simplified into gray scale 3D contour lines. Whether female facial attractiveness could be perceived in these simplified 3D facial contour lines should be determined. METHODS: A series of 100 2D photographs (one frontal and two lateral views) and 3D contour lines extracted from 3D facial images of females were projected onto a screen...
May 22, 2018: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789198/corseting-a-new-technique-for-the-management-of-diffuse-venous-malformations-in-the-head-and-neck-region
#8
S C Nair, J P Chawla, S S Shroff, B Kumar, A Shah
A new surgical technique of intra-tumoural ligation for the treatment of low-flow vascular malformations in the head and neck region is proposed. Ninety patients with diffuse low-flow vascular malformations diagnosed clinically and/or radiologically were treated surgically with the corset suturing technique. All patient records and clinical photographs were reviewed retrospectively. Significant clinical results were obtained: a reduction of the turnout tumour mass and a return of the regional facial outline was evident within 4 weeks after surgery...
May 19, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788684/evaluation-of-the-donor-site-after-the-median-forehead-flap
#9
June Seok Choi, Yong Chan Bae, Soo Bong Nam, Seong Hwan Bae, Geon Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Forehead flaps are useful for facial reconstruction. Studies of these flaps have mostly focused on the results of the reconstruction. However, due to the scarring and changes on the forehead caused by the median forehead flap (MFF), surgeons may be reluctant to perform this flap. Research into the donor site is needed for practical purposes. METHODS: We examined 42 patients who underwent an MFF at Pusan National University Hospital from 1996 to 2016...
May 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788312/the-composite-spreader-flap
#10
Ozan Bitik, Haldun Onuralp Kamburoglu, Hakan Uzun
Background: The effect of a spreader flap on the keystone area and the upper bony vault depends on the structural strength and cephalic extent of upper lateral cartilages, both of which can be significantly variable among individuals. Objectives: The authors present a novel cephalically extended osseocartilaginous composite spreader flap technique that was designed to overcome the limitations of a conventional spreader flap on the keystone area upper bony vault, in patients with cephalically short and structurally weak upper lateral cartilages and thin nasal bones...
May 19, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786874/meta-analysis-of-the-association-of-alcohol-related-social-media-use-with-alcohol-consumption-and-alcohol-related-problems-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
REVIEW
Brenda L Curtis, Samantha J Lookatch, Danielle E Ramo, James R McKay, Richard S Feinn, Henry R Kranzler
Despite the pervasive use of social media by young adults, there is comparatively little known about whether, and how, engagement in social media influences this group's drinking patterns and risk of alcohol-related problems. We examined the relations between young adults' alcohol-related social media engagement (defined as the posting, liking, commenting, and viewing of alcohol-related social media content) and their drinking behavior and problems. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the association of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems with alcohol-related social media engagement...
May 22, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785752/skin-lesions-over-the-pocket-area-that-may-mimic-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infection-a-case-series
#12
Panagiotis Korantzopoulos, Sofia Plakoutsi, Elizabeth Florou, Aris Bechlioulis
BACKGROUND: The early and correct diagnosis of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections is critical given that early aggressive treatment with complete removal of the system along with antimicrobial therapy dramatically improves outcomes. Pocket infection manifested by local signs of inflammation is the most common form of CIED infections. Conditions mimicking pocket infection have been described in the literature. These include various types of malignancy and rarely allergic reactions/contact dermatitis to pacemaker compounds...
May 21, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785291/using-novel-technology-to-augment-complex-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-single-basilar-segmentectomy
#13
Zaid M Abdelsattar, Shanda H Blackmon
There are many novel technologies that enable complex segmentectomy to be performed. As lung cancer screening becomes more prevalent, patients are increasingly diagnosed with early stage lung cancer, multifocal disease, and second primary tumors. This shift to an earlier clinical presentation combined with advances in technology and an emphasis on minimally invasive techniques have led to the current developments we are now seeing with anatomic segmentectomy. In this paper, we describe the operative technique of an indocyanine green (ICG)-guided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) single basilar segmental resection, augmented with methylene blue dye marker localization via SuperDimension electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785237/early-onset-of-clinical-improvement-with-ixekizumab-in-a-randomized-open-label-study-of-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis
#14
Saakshi Khattri, Orin Goldblum, Kathleen Solotkin, Yasmin Amir, Michelle S Min, Terri Ridenour, Fan Emily Yang, Mark Lebwohl
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the speed of onset of clinical response to ixekizumab (IXE) and assess the progression of visible improvement in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Design: This was an interventional, randomized, open-label, Phase IIIb clinical trial. Setting: This was a single center study at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Participants: Twelve patients were randomized at a ratio of 1:1 to receive 80mg of ixekizumab every two (IXE Q2W) or four (IXE Q4W) weeks following a starting dose of 160mg of ixekizumab...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781855/improving-senescent-wound-healing-with-local-and-systemic-therapies
#15
Caroline Szpalski, Parag Butala, Meredith T Vandegrift, Denis Knobel, Robert J Allen, Pierre B Saadeh, Stephen M Warren
The population is aging, and the prevalence of chronic wounds is increasing. Because neovascularization is essential for tissue repair and both local and systemic factors affect new blood vessel formation, we hypothesize that altering either pathway would reciprocally enhance wound healing in the aged. To test this hypothesis, p53 was locally suppressed and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were systemically mobilized in a murine model of senescent wound healing.Bilateral 6-mm full-thickness stented wounds were made on the dorsum of Zmpste24 mice...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781308/a-randomised-comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-intralesional-triamcinolone-injection-and-clobetasol-propionate-ointment-for-psoriatic-nails
#16
Einapak Boontaveeyuwat, Narumol Silpa-Archa, Nasuda Danchaivichit, Chanisada Wongpraparut
BACKGROUND: Even though the traditional therapy for nail psoriasis has been used for decades, no randomised, controlled trial of such treatment has been conducted to date. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intralesional triamcinolone injections compared with 0.05% clobetasol ointment for psoriatic nails. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Psoriasis patients, each with three fingernails with similar degrees of severity, were randomly recruited for intralesional triamcinolone injection group, 0...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781161/a-novel-titanium-sapphire-picosecond-domain-laser-safely-and-effectively-removes-purple-blue-and-green-tattoo-inks
#17
Eric F Bernstein, Jayant Bhawalkar, Kevin T Schomacker
BACKGROUND: Green, blue, and purple tattoo pigments are often the colors most resistant to laser removal. Recently, the first ever production picosecond-domain laser with a 785 nm wavelength was developed to improve the rate of clearance of green, blue, and purple tattoo inks. METHODS: Twenty-two tattoos from 15 subjects with skin phototypes II-IV were enrolled in the study. A total of four treatments were administered using a single 785 nm picosecond-domain laser wavelength...
May 20, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780921/is-it-melanoma-associated-retinopathy-or-drug-toxicity-bilateral-cystoid-macular-edema-posing-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-dilemma
#18
Sachi R Patel, Stavros N Moysidis, Nicole Koulisis, Philip P Storey, Amir H Kashani, Narsing A Rao, Damien C Rodger
Purpose: To report the clinical presentation, multimodal imaging, and management of a patient with metastatic melanoma who presented with cystoid macular edema (CME). Observations: We report a case of a 71-year-old Caucasian male with metastatic melanoma who presented with bilateral cystoid macular edema after being on treatment with a programmed T cell death ligand 1 inhibitor, MPDL3280, for 1 year. Multimodal imaging techniques, including color fundus photographs, autofluorescence, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein angiography (Spectralis, Heidelberg, Germany), and spectral-domain OCT angiography (Zeiss; California, USA) were performed to evaluate the etiology of his CME and to monitor his response to treatment...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780268/filling-the-bins-of-life-report-of-an-amphibian-and-reptile-survey-of-the-tanintharyi-tenasserim-region-of-myanmar-with-dna-barcode-data
#19
Daniel G Mulcahy, Justin L Lee, Aryeh H Miller, Mia Chand, Myint Kyaw Thura, George R Zug
Despite threats of species extinctions, taxonomic crises, and technological advances in genomics and natural history database informatics, we are still distant from cataloguing all of the species of life on earth. Amphibians and reptiles are no exceptions; in fact new species are described nearly every day and many species face possible extinction. The number of described species continues to climb as new areas of the world are explored and as species complexes are examined more thoroughly. The use of DNA barcoding provides a mechanism for rapidly estimating the number of species at a given site and has the potential to record all of the species of life on Earth...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779722/the-impact-of-using-an-intravenous-workflow-management-system-ivwms-on-cost-and-patient-safety
#20
Alex C Lin, Yihong Deng, Hilal Thaibah, John Hingl, Jonathan Penm, Marianne F Ivey, Mark Thomas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the financial costs associated with wasted and missing doses before and after the implementation of an intravenous workflow management system (IVWMS) and to quantify the number and the rate of detected intravenous (IV) preparation errors. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of the sample hospital information system database was conducted using three months of data before and after the implementation of an IVWMS System (DoseEdge® ) which uses barcode scanning and photographic technologies to track and verify each step of the preparation process...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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