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Sabrina Maciel Cavalcanti, Selva Maria Gonçalves Guerra, Flavia Bridi Valentim, Elizabeth Pimentel Rosetti
This study aimed to compare the perceptions of smile esthetics among general practitioners, periodontists, and laypeople. Photographs of smiles were taken and digitally modified to create different gingival conditions: gingival asymmetry, unilateral gingival recession, and bilateral gingival recession. These photographs were evaluated by 150 volunteers (19-70 years old) using a 100.0-mm visual analog scale. The volunteers consisted of 50 laypeople with no knowledge of dentistry, 50 general dentists, and 50 periodontists...
January 2019: General Dentistry
Mari M Sugii, Ricardo A Caldas, Thayla H N Gouvea, Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima, Giselle M Marchi, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar
A comprehensive knowledge of the optical properties of composite resins is essential to achieving optimal results in direct anterior restorations. This case report describes an anterior composite resin restoration fabricated with a layering technique and explains how to use a simple photographic method to verify that the desired optical effects are reproduced. A Class IV restoration was completed on a maxillary central incisor with the help of a silicone guide. An esthetic result was achieved through careful color examination as well as material selections that were based on knowledge of the translucency, opacity, and fluorescence of the chosen direct composite resins...
January 2019: General Dentistry
Kaori Sayanagi, Sato Uematsu, Chikako Hara, Taku Wakabayashi, Yoko Fukushima, Shigeru Sato, Yasushi Ikuno, Kohji Nishida
PURPOSE: To compare chorioretinal atrophy (CRA) progression in myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV) between intravitreal injections of ranibizumab (IVR) and aflibercept (IVA) in the eyes with mCNV. METHODS: Thirty eyes (28 patients) with treatment-naïve mCNV were included in this study. IVR or IVA was administered for up to 1 year. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was measured, and fundus photographs and fundus autofluorescence were obtained before and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the initial treatment...
January 14, 2019: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Güldehan Atış, Fatih Göktay, Zeynep Altan Ferhatoğlu, Emre Kaynak, Ayşegül Sevim Keçici, Şirin Yaşar, Sema Aytekin
Introduction: Chronic paronychia (CP) is an inflammatory disease of the nail folds. Staging of CP is important for clinicians. We developed an objective scale that evaluates each finding of CP separately in addition to evaluating the treatment process and follow-up. Methods: A new "chronic paronychia severity index scale" was developed to enable dermatologists to examine all features of CP. A previous categorical severity scale and this new scale were used for the evaluation of CP by 6 different dermatologists...
November 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
Desiree Ji Re Lee, Samia Trigo Arbache, Maria Victória Quaresma, Marcello Menta Simonsen Nico, Tatiana Villas Boas Gabbi
Background: Nail apparatus melanoma (NAM) is rare. The higher mortality reported in the literature is most likely due to advanced disease associated with delayed diagnosis and treatment. Objective: All patients diagnosed with NAM were followed at a single reference center during a period of 10 years, with emphasis on dermatological and histological findings. Clinical outcomes were included. Methods: A retrospective review of medical records, photographs, and histopathological examination...
November 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
Michael Engel, Moritz Berger, Jürgen Hoffmann, Reinald Kühle, Thomas Rückschloss, Oliver Ristow, Christian Freudlsperger, Katinka Kansy
INTRODUCTION: Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis with a rigid external distraction device is a powerful procedure to correct both exorbitism and impaired airways in faciocraniosynostosis. The aim of this study was to investigate treatment effect, perioperative parameters and volumetric outcomes after Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis in patients with Crouzon syndrome in a retrospective study design and to explore potential strengths and weaknesses of this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to February 2015, a total of nine children with Crouzon syndrome underwent Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis with a rigid external distraction device (RED device, KLS Martin, Tuttlingen, Germany)...
December 31, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Jennifer J Mueller, Mario M Leitao
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a robotic-assisted psoas hitch with ureteral reimplantation. METHODS: We gleaned video footage from a robotic-assisted psoas hitch procedure performed for a patient with an isolated pelvic recurrence of ovarian cancer. RESULTS: We demonstrate trocar placement and a robotic-arm docking strategy for pelvic recurrence of ovarian cancer. We also show surgical steps involved in a psoas hitch and reimplantation of a transected ureter into the bladder...
January 2019: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Rupak Roy, Kumar Saurabh, Nicey Roy Thomas, Maitreyi Chowdhury, Dhaivat K Shah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To analyze the visibility of various diabetic retinopathy lesions in multicolor imaging (MCI) and compare them to corresponding color fundus photography (CFP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 130 eyes of 65 consecutive patients with diabetic retinopathy who underwent multicolor confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and CFP. RESULTS: Hard exudates (Hex) were seen in 74 eyes (71.2%). In all 74 eyes, Hex were visible on both CFP and MCI...
January 1, 2019: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Vincenzo Ricci, Abdullah Ruhi Soylu, Levent Özçakar
For innumerous reasons, ultrasound (US) imaging is becoming more and more popular in musculoskeletal medicine. Herewith, since this imaging technique is user dependent, prompt and sufficient training is crucial for its better clinical utility. In this regard, with this paper, we aimed to focus on common artifacts that are observed in routine US scanning during daily musculoskeletal practice. Yet, those imaging findings need to be well recognized in order not to be misinterpreted. Likewise, we have illustrated and discussed those artifacts in similarity with particular natural photographs...
January 11, 2019: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
N Uesrichai, A Nirunsittirat, P Chuveera, T Srisuwan, T Sastraruji, P Chompu-Inwai
AIM: To compare the outcome of partial pulpotomy using two cements, ProRoot MTA (Dentsply, Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK, USA) and Biodentine (Septodont, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, France), in permanent teeth of 6- to-18-year-old patients with signs and symptoms indicative of irreversible pulpitis. Furthermore, frequencies of perceptible grey discolouration caused by the cements were compared. METHODOLOGY: Sixty-nine permanent first molars with signs and symptoms indicative of irreversible pulpitis, from 69 patients, were included...
January 14, 2019: International Endodontic Journal
Isabelle Kindts, Gilles Defraene, Saskia Petillion, Hilde Janssen, Erik Van Limbergen, Tom Depuydt, Caroline Weltens
PURPOSE: To validate a normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) model for late unfavourable aesthetic outcome (AO) after breast-conserving therapy. MATERIALS/METHODS: The BCCT.core software evaluated the AO using standardized photographs of patients treated at the University Hospitals Leuven between April 2015 and April 2016. Dose maps in 2 Gy equivalents were calculated assuming α/β = 3.6 Gy. The discriminating ability of the model was described by the AUC of the receiver operating characteristic curve...
January 14, 2019: Acta Oncologica
Charmaine Childs, Nicola Wright, Jon Willmott, Matthew Davies, Karen Kilner, Karen Ousey, Hora Soltani, Priya Madhuvrata, John Stephenson
Background: Prophylactic antibiotics are commonly prescribed intra-operatively after caesarean section birth, often at high doses. Even so, wound infections are not uncommon and obesity increases the risk. Currently, no independent wound assessment technology is available to stratify women to low or high risk of surgical site infection (SSI).Study Aim: to investigate the potential of non-invasive infrared thermography (IRT), performed at short times after surgery, to predict later SSI...
2019: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Victoria Addis, Enny Oyeniran, Ebenezer Daniel, Rebecca Salowe, Richard Zorger, Roy Lee, Maxwell Pistilli, Maureen Maguire, Qi Cui, Eydie Miller-Ellis, Joan M O'Brien, Prithvi S Sankar
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a new method of grading optic nerve stereo disc photographs and evaluate reproducibility of assessments by non-physician graders in a reading center. METHODS: Three non-physician graders, experienced in grading features of the retina but not the optic nerve head (ONH), were trained by glaucoma specialists to assess digital stereo color images of the ONH. These graders assessed a total of 2554 digital stereo disc images from glaucoma cases and controls participating in the Primary Open-Angle African American Glaucoma Genetics (POAAGG) study by outlining the optic cup and disc...
January 11, 2019: Eye
Susan Penelope Knowler, Lena Gillstedt, Thomas J Mitchell, Jelena Jovanovik, Holger Andreas Volk, Clare Rusbridge
Modern interpretation of head conformation in the Cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS) has favoured a smaller, more exaggerated, brachycephalic type than originally described in the 1929 breed standard. Recent research studies identified brachycephaly and reduced hind cranium as two conformational (dysmorphic) features that increase risk for symptomatic Chiari-like malformation and secondary syringomyelia (SM). A prospective pilot study investigated the hypothesis that dysmorphic head features could be assessed visually and correlated with risk of SM...
January 11, 2019: Veterinary Record
Stefan Dzionk, Bogdan Scibiorski, Wlodzimierz Przybylski
This article represents the results of testing the surface condition of shafts manufactured by the burnishing process. The shafts with a hardness of approximately 62 HRC (Rockwell C). were burnished with a ceramic ball (Si₃N₄), where the force range was controlled by the means of a hydraulic system. The machining process consisted of hard turning shafts with cubic boron nitride (CBN) inserts, followed by burnishing with the use of various machining parameters, such as feed and force. The research focused on the examination of burnished surfaces, which was conducted for various structures after hard turning, and with variable burnishing parameters...
January 9, 2019: Materials
Xiaoli Kang, Chunhong Li, Zhou Zheng, Xudong Cui
Developing energetic composite materials consisting of fuel and oxidizer is an effective strategy to enhance the energy release property. However, this strategy has rarely been applied in Potassium Perchlorate (KClO₄)-containing energetic materials, even though KClO₄ is a much stronger oxidizer than most previously reported metal-oxide oxidizer. One of the main obstacles is the lack of simple and in situ ways to introduce KClO₄ into the composite. In present work, micrometer KClO₄/Zirconium (KClO₄/Zr) composite particles were successfully prepared using a facile chemical solution-deposition method...
January 9, 2019: Materials
P Suchonwanit, S Udompanich, K Thadanipon, K Chanprapaph
BACKGROUND: Hair and scalp involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can manifest as scarring alopecia, non-scarring alopecia or scalp/hair shaft changes without apparent hair loss. While trichoscopic signs in chronic cutaneous lupus are well estabished, data on SLE patients with normal-looking or non-scarring scalp are limited. OBJECTIVES: To investigate trichoscopic features of SLE patients without chronic cutaneous scalp lesions and compare the findings with normal controls, as well as determine which feature associates with systemic disease...
January 11, 2019: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Louisa Allen
This paper explores some of the challenges of publishing photographs generated as part of sexuality research. It aims to initiate discussion of these issues to enable sexuality researchers to consider and navigate the use of images in their work. Examples highlighting these difficulties are employed from a photo-method project which examined young people, sexuality and schooling. It is argued that existing child-sex-panics rendered these images risky and intensified their scrutiny by gatekeeping forces. The discussion contributes to a broader conversation within the field of sexualities about the constitution of sexuality research as dirty work...
January 11, 2019: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Irena Zakarija-Grkovic, Anita Pavicic Bosnjak, Ivan Buljan, Renata Vettorazzi, Linda J Smith
Background: Optimising breastfeeding rates is a public health priority. Studies have shown that all forms of extra breastfeeding support increase breastfeeding rates, including support provided by trained health professionals. International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) are trained healthcare professionals in the clinical management of breastfeeding and human lactation. The IBCLC certification is a sought-after credential and can only be obtained after passing the exam administered by the International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners (IBLCE)...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Laura Medialdea, Cayetana Bazaco, Manuel Domingo D'Angelo Del Campo, Carlos Sierra-Martínez, Rolando González-José, Antonio Vargas, María Dolores Marrodán
INTRODUCTION: Large shape variations take place during the growth process of children, including quantitative mass and size increase plus qualitative changes in their body shape. The aim of the present study is to apply Geometric Morphometric techniques in order to visualize and quantify such body shape differences in healthy children aged 6-59 months with optimal nutritional status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anthropometrical measurements of weight, height, and middle-upper arm circumference were used to assess nutritional status on a sample of 258 Senegalese (n = 154) and Spanish (n = 104) children...
January 10, 2019: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
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