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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454037/agricultural-expansion-as-risk-to-endangered-wildlife-pesticide-exposure-in-wild-chimpanzees-and-baboons-displaying-facial-dysplasia
#1
Sabrina Krief, Philippe Berny, Francis Gumisiriza, Régine Gross, Barbara Demeneix, Jean Baptiste Fini, Colin A Chapman, Lauren J Chapman, Andrew Seguya, John Wasswa
Prenatal exposure to environmental endocrine disruptors can affect development and induce irreversible abnormalities in both humans and wildlife. The northern part of Kibale National Park, a mid-altitude rainforest in western Uganda, is largely surrounded by industrial tea plantations and wildlife using this area (Sebitoli) must cope with proximity to human populations and their activities. The chimpanzees and baboons in this area raid crops (primarily maize) in neighboring gardens. Sixteen young individuals of the 66 chimpanzees monitored (25%) exhibit abnormalities including reduced nostrils, cleft lip, limb deformities, reproductive problems and hypopigmentation...
April 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453886/remote-diagnosis-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-using-digital-photographs-captured-via-a-mobile-phone
#2
Rogério de Almeida Geraldino, Liliana Vicente Melo de Lucas Rezende, Cibele Queiroz da-Silva, Júlio César Franco Almeida
BACKGROUND: Intra-oral photographs has been aided diagnosis of several pathologies in teledentistry. Mobile phone cameras may produce high quality photographs, presenting itself as a viable tool for remote diagnosis of traumatic dental injuries. Aim To evaluate the levels of inter-examiner agreement in cases of traumatic dental injuries when comparing diagnoses conducted in person and remotely. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 40 patients with 73 traumatized teeth, and a total of 90 diagnoses, who had presented to two dental clinics, one private and the other public, in Brazil's Federal District...
April 28, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453510/is-aspirin-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-disease-seed-study
#3
Yuan Shi, Yih-Chung Tham, Ning Cheung, Jacqueline Chua, Gavin Tan, Paul Mitchell, Jie Jin Wang, Yin Bun Cheung, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien Yin Wong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the association between aspirin use and diabetic retinopathy (DR) among persons with diabetes, in a population-based, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Subjects with diabetes aged >40 years from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases Study were enrolled in this study. Retinal photographs were graded for DR according to the modified Airlie House classification system. Vision threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR) was defined as the presence of severe non-proliferative DR, or proliferative DR, or clinically significant macular oedema...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448667/association-between-facial-rejuvenation-and-observer-ratings-of-youth-attractiveness-success-and-health
#4
Kristin L Bater, Lisa E Ishii, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Jason C Nellis, Masaru Ishii
Importance: Surgical procedures for the aging face-including face-lift, blepharoplasty, and brow-lift-consistently rank among the most popular cosmetic services sought by patients. Although these surgical procedures are broadly classified as procedures that restore a youthful appearance, they may improve societal perceptions of attractiveness, success, and health, conferring an even larger social benefit than just restoring a youthful appearance to the face. Objectives: To determine if face-lift and upper facial rejuvenation surgery improve observer ratings of age, attractiveness, success, and health and to quantify the effect of facial rejuvenation surgery on each individual domain...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448317/early-experience-in-100-consecutive-patients-with-injection-adipocytolysis-for-neck-contouring-with-atx-101-deoxycholic-acid
#5
Sachin M Shridharani
BACKGROUND: Deoxycholic acid (DCA) is approved for improvement in the appearance of moderate to severe convexity or fullness associated with submental fat. OBJECTIVE: To assess early treatment experience with DCA injection in a clinical practice setting. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this single-center, prospective, single-arm, observational study, 100 consecutive patients seeking to decrease submental fullness received subcutaneous DCA (2 mg/cm) injections in the submental area (maximum of 6 sessions at ≥1 month intervals)...
April 12, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448296/the-use-of-the-moleculight-i-x-in-managing-burns-a-pilot-study
#6
Emily Blumenthal, Steven L A Jeffery
The MolecuLight i:X Imaging Device is a portable, noninvasive, real-time camera used to visualize the bacterial load in a wound. It uses violet light illumination and a dual bandpass optical filter to capture the fluorescence of endogenous structures in the tissue matrix and harmful bacteria. The MolecuLight i:X captures images of wounds and highlights potentially detrimental levels of bacteria. This is an initial evaluation of using the MolecuLight i:X camera in the management of burns to demonstrate the following: the ability of the device to guide clinicians in their management of the burn (ie, detect, identify, and specify swabbing locations)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447407/wiedemann-rautenstrauch-syndrome-a-phenotype-analysis
#7
Stefano Paolacci, Debora Bertola, José Franco, Shehla Mohammed, Marco Tartaglia, Bernd Wollnik, Raoul C Hennekam
Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch syndrome (WRS) is a neonatal progeroid disorder characterized by growth retardation, lipodystrophy, a distinctive face, and dental anomalies. Patients reported to date demonstrate a remarkable variability in phenotype, which hampers diagnostics. We performed a literature search, and analyzed 51 reported patients, using the originally reported patients as "gold standard." In 15 patients sufficient information and photographic evidence was available to confirm the clinical diagnosis. In 12 patients the diagnosis was suggestive but lack of data prevented a definite diagnosis, and in 24 patients an alternative diagnosis was likely...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446546/conjunctival-ultraviolet-autofluorescence-as-a-measure-of-past-sun-exposure-in-children
#8
Cong Sun, Angela Pezic, David A Mackey, John B Carlin, Andrew Kemp, Justine A Ellis, Fergus J Cameron, Christine P Rodda, Terence Dwyer, Minas T Coroneo, Anne-Louise Ponsonby
BACKGROUND: Conjunctival ultraviolet autofluorescence (CUVAF) area detected from UVAF photographs is a recently developed potential marker for past sun exposure but its relationship with sun-related factors have not been fully investigated. METHODS: The study included 339 ethnically diverse and healthy children aged 5-15 years in Melbourne, Australia. Data were collected by questionnaire and examination at school. CUVAF area was measured using a computer programme and analysed as a continuous and dichotomous outcome (any/none)...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445376/defining-temporal-hairline-landmarks
#9
Purushottam A Nagarkar, Jonathan Cheng
Brow dermoids are benign pediatric neoplasms. Endoscopic resection requires incisions placed within the temporal hairline, which is often difficult to reliably locate in infants. The authors studied adult and pediatric patients to define the location of the hairline in relationship to simple facial landmarks. Adult and pediatric patients who were seen in preoperative consultation for facial surgical procedures were identified and included in the study. Patients with a history of facial trauma, surgery, or congenital anomalies were excluded...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445372/longitudinal-photogrammetric-analysis-of-the-columellar-labial-angle-following-primary-repair-of-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-nasal-deformity
#10
S Alex Rottgers, So Young Lim, Amber M Hall, David Zurakowski, John B Mulliken
BACKGROUND: The changing nasolabial dimensions after repair of bilateral cleft lip and nasal deformity can be documented by anthropometry; however, the columellar-labial angle is rarely measured. METHODS: This is a study of white patients who had synchronous repair of bilateral cleft lip performed by one surgeon (J.B.M.). The columellar-labial angle was measured on lateral photographs with the subject in neutral head position. Average values for columellar-labial angle at two or more time points were analyzed with a general estimating equation and cubic modeling...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445367/adipose-tissue-drives-response-to-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a-murine-pressure-sore-model
#11
Madeleine J Gust, Seok Jong Hong, Robert C Fang, Steven T Lanier, Donald W Buck, Jennifer M Nuñez, Shengxian Jia, Eugene D Park, Robert D Galiano, Thomas A Mustoe
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion injury contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of chronic wounds such as pressure sores and diabetic foot ulcers. The authors' laboratory has previously developed a cyclical murine ischemia-reperfusion injury model. The authors here use this model to determine factors underlying tissue response to ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were subjected to cycles of ischemia-reperfusion that varied in number (one to four cycles) and duration of ischemia (1 to 2 hours)...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445185/orbicularis-retaining-ligament-release-in-lower-blepharoplasty-assessing-efficacy-and-complications
#12
Norman J Chan, Maryam Nazemzadeh, Morris E Hartstein, John B Holds, Guy G Massry, Allan E Wulc
PURPOSE: Release of the orbicularis retaining ligament (ORL) has been advocated as a technique to address tear trough deformities. This study sought to compare the effectiveness and morbidity of lower blepharoplasty with and without ORL release. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 53 lower blepharoplasty patients. Twenty-six patients had ORL release and 27 patients did not. Three independent masked experienced cosmetic surgeons reviewed preoperative and postoperative photographs to assess degree of swelling, ecchymosis, change in steatoblepharon and tear trough deformity, and overall aesthetic result...
April 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444681/-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome-description-of-a-spanish-cohort-of-51-cases-and-a-literature-review
#13
R Blanco-Lago, I Malaga-Dieguez, J J Granizo-Martinez, L Carrera-Garcia, P Barruz-Galian, P Lapunzina, J Nevado-Blanco, En Representacion Del Grupo Colaborativo Para El Estudio Del Sindrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn En Representacion Del Grupo Colaborativo Para El Estudio Del Sindrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn
INTRODUCTION: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a contiguous gene syndrome that gives rise to multiple congenital anomalies, caused by the loss of a distal portion of the short arm of chromosome 4 (4p16.3). It is characterised by its own peculiar facial phenotype, associated to growth problems, psychomotor retardation and epilepsy. AIMS: To establish a register of patients with WHS in Spain, describe their characteristics, determine the prevalence of epilepsy, estimate the degree of psychomotor retardation and perform a review of the literature in order to compare these data with those published to date...
May 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444433/boundaries-of-the-thoracic-paravertebral-space-potential-risks-and-benefits-of-the-thoracic-paravertebral-block-from-an-anatomical-perspective
#14
Esther A C Bouman, Judith M Sieben, Andrea J R Balthasar, Elbert A Joosten, Hans-Fritz Gramke, Maarten van Kleef, Arno Lataster
PURPOSE: Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) may be an alternative to thoracic epidural analgesia. A detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the TPV-space (TPVS), content and adnexa is essential in understanding the clinical consequences of TPVB. The exploration of the posterior TPVS accessibility in this study allows (1) determination of the anatomical boundaries, content and adnexa, (2) description of an ultrasound-guided spread of low and high viscous liquid. METHODS: In two formalin-fixed specimens, stratification of the several layers and the 3D-architecture of the TPVS were dissected, observed and photographed...
April 25, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444021/evaluation-of-facial-attractiveness-in-black-people-according-to-the-subjective-facial-analysis-criteria
#15
Andréa Reis de Melo, Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira Conti, Renata Rodrigues Almeida-Pedrin, Victor Didier, Danilo Pinelli Valarelli, Leopoldino Capelozza Filho
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the facial attractiveness in 30 black individuals, according to the Subjective Facial Analysis criteria. METHODS: Frontal and profile view photographs of 30 black individuals were evaluated for facial attractiveness and classified as esthetically unpleasant, acceptable, or pleasant by 50 evaluators: the 30 individuals from the sample, 10 orthodontists, and 10 laymen. Besides assessing the facial attractiveness, the evaluators had to identify the structures responsible for the classification as unpleasant and pleasant...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443751/a-prospective-cohort-study-assessing-differences-in-cosmetic-appreciation-of-lateralization-while-smiling-in-patients-with-a-peripheral-facial-palsy
#16
Robin E Luijmes, Carien H G Beurskens, Sjaak Pouwels, Koen J A O Ingels
We investigated the differences in cosmetic appreciation of patients with a left and a right peripheral facial palsy (PFP) while smiling. Smiling pictures of patients with a facial palsy with House-Brackmann II-VI were reversed as a mirror image and offered as a pair of pictures, together with the true image. Twenty-six patients with a PFP and 24 medical professionals familiar with facial palsy were asked to choose the most attractive photograph. Patients rated their own pictures. Medical professionals preferred pictures of patients with a right and left PFP in, respectively, a mean of 43...
April 26, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439451/automated-identification-of-insect-vectors-of-chagas-disease-in-brazil-and-mexico-the-virtual-vector-lab
#17
Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves, Ed Komp, Lindsay P Campbell, Ali Khalighifar, Jarrett Mellenbruch, Vagner José Mendonça, Hannah L Owens, Keynes de la Cruz Felix, A Townsend Peterson, Janine M Ramsey
Identification of arthropods important in disease transmission is a crucial, yet difficult, task that can demand considerable training and experience. An important case in point is that of the 150+ species of Triatominae, vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, causative agent of Chagas disease across the Americas. We present a fully automated system that is able to identify triatomine bugs from Mexico and Brazil with an accuracy consistently above 80%, and with considerable potential for further improvement. The system processes digital photographs from a photo apparatus into landmarks, and uses ratios of measurements among those landmarks, as well as (in a preliminary exploration) two measurements that approximate aspects of coloration, as the basis for classification...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439157/re-assessment-of-coronoid-as-a-graft-for-condylar-reconstruction-in-tmj-ankylosis-patients-a-prospective-study-and-literature-review
#18
Gagan Mehta, Shadab Mohammad, Hari Ram, Vibha Singh, Rakesh Kumar Chak, Shiwani Garg, Kuldeep Vishwakarma
INTRODUCTION: Treatment for TMJ ankylosis aims at restoring joint function, improving the patient's aesthetic appearance and quality of life and preventing re-ankylosis. To rebuild a structurally and functionally satisfactory neocondyle is a challenging problem. Aim of this study is to re-assess the coronoid as a graft for condyle reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients of TMJ ankylosis without involvement of the coronoid process in ankylotic mass, coming in age group elder than 14 years were selected for the study over a period 3 years from 2011 to 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438859/automated-multichamber-time-lapse-videography-for-long-term-in-vivo-observation-of-migrating-cells
#19
Helmut Buhler, Raphael Adamietz, Theresa Abeln, David Diaz-Carballo, Pascaline Nguemgo-Kouam, Thomas Hero, Irenaus A Adamietz
AIM: To observe and document the migration of living cells by time-lapse videography, we constructed a low-budget system based on a common inverted microscope. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Long-term observation of six-well plates is enabled through maintenance of cell culture conditions (5% CO2 in air at 37°C). Points of interest can be revisited in definable intervals with <1 μm repositioning error. Digital photographs from each programmed time point are paired with environmental data and combined into a record...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437337/axial-plane-deformity-of-the-shoulder-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Venugopal K Menon, Naveen Tahasildar, Haroon M Pillay, Anbuselvam M
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: To study axial plane deformation of the shoulder in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and try to correlate it with curve type and surgical correction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: It is established that AIS is a 3-dimensional deformity. The rib hump is the most common manifestation of axial plane deformations; the least common manifestation seems to be upper trunk and shoulder rotation, which has been hitherto undescribed...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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