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Lydia Sauer, Rebekah H Gensure, Karl M Andersen, Lukas Kreilkamp, Gregory S Hageman, Martin Hammer, Paul S Bernstein
Purpose: To investigate fundus autofluorescence (FAF) lifetimes in patients with nonexudative AMD. Methods: A total of 150 eyes of 110 patients (mean age: 73.2 ± 10.7 years) with nonexudative AMD, as well as a healthy group of 57 eyes in 38 subjects (mean age: 66.5 ± 8.7 years), were included. Investigations were conducted at the University Eye Clinic in Jena, Germany, as well as the Moran Eye Center in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, using the Heidelberg Engineering Spectralis-based fluorescence lifetime imaging ophthalmoscope (FLIO)...
March 20, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Erhan Dursun, Guo-Hao Lin, Sahand Taheri, Stephen J Chu, Hom-Lay Wang, Tolga F Tözüm
PURPOSE: To correlate the link between natural teeth located in esthetic regions of the arches before extraction with their definitive dental implant restorations, and to propose a new and contemporary esthetic index based on the natural dentition (EIND) preoperatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients possessing a high smile line with teeth requiring implant replacement therapy in the maxillary anterior region were included. Clinical intraoral photographs and periapical digital radiographs taken before extraction and 10 ± 1...
July 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Carola Siebert, Dominik Rieder, Jochen Eggert, Manfred Gerhard Wichmann, Siegfried Martin Heckmann
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the esthetic outcome of tissue-level (TL) and bone-level (BL) implants that had been placed as single implants in the anterior maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2001 and 2008, patients were treated using TL implants (Straumann). From 2008 until 2012, patients received the newly developed BL implant (Straumann). All patients with a single anterior maxillary implant who came to check-ups regularly were contacted and invited to take part in the study...
July 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Sebastian A Ahmadi, Amin Hashemi, Jürgen Harms, Berk Orakcioglu
STUDY DESIGN: Presentation of a surgical technique with accompanying video (Supplemental Digital Content 1, of an illustrative case. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present a helpful and easy-to-implement technique for improving initial referencing accuracy, as well as rereferencing accuracy in cases of multilevel instrumentation or in cases of dislocation of the reference array. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Navigation-assisted spine surgery has become standard of care in most hospitals performing complex spine interventions...
July 17, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
Amanda Q Lemos, Cristina A Brasil, Cecília M Alvares, Jaqueline C G Passos, Patrícia Lordêlo, Katia N Sá
AIMS: To Compare the angular parameters of the pelvis of continents and incontinent women and to correlate them with the electrical activity and the function of the pelvic floor muscles. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Incontinent and continent women, aged between 18 and 59 years. The anatomical points were marked following the SAPO protocols, the photographic records were made and analyzed through the SAPO Software. The evaluation of the function of the MPF was performed by bidigital vaginal palpation, using the PERFECT scheme...
July 19, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Rebecca Harris, Christopher Vernazza, Louise Laverty, Victoria Lowers, Stephen Brown, Girvan Burnside, Laura Ternent, Susan Higham, Jimmy Steele
Introduction: A new dental contract being tested in England places patients into traffic light categories according to risk (Red = High risk). This reflects health policy which emphasises patients' shared responsibility for their health, and a growing expectation that clinicians discuss health risk in consultations. Alongside this, there are technological developments such as scans and photographs which have generated new, vivid imagery which may be used to communicate risk information to patients...
September 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Jonathan P Evans, Jeremy Metz, Rahul Anaspure, William J Thomas, Andrew King, Vicki A Goodwin, Chris D Smith
BACKGROUND: Injections into the tendinous portion of the common extensor origin are a common intervention in the treatment of Lateral Elbow Tendinopathy (LET). Clinical trials report a heterogeneous selection of injectate volumes and delivery techniques, with systematic reviews finding no clear consensus. The aim of this study was to assess the intratendinous distribution and surrounding tissue contamination of ultrasound-guided injections into the Common Extensor Tendon (CET) of the elbow...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Clinton C Warren, Jonathon B Young, Mara R Goldberg, Thomas B Connor, Iris S Kassem, Deborah M Costakos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine whether retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that persists beyond a postmenstrual age (PMA) of 45 weeks has abnormalities that can be documented by fundus photography or fluorescein angiography (FA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fundus photographs and FAs were reviewed for all premature infants who underwent FA for persistent ROP after 45 weeks PMA. RESULTS: Of the 487 infants who were screened for ROP, 16 (3.3%) demonstrated ROP beyond 45 weeks...
July 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Antonio B Fernandez, Kevin D Ballard, Tien Y Wong, Mengye Guo, Robyn L McClelland, Gregory Burke, Mary Frances Cotch, Barbara Klein, Matthew Allison, Ronald Klein
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) shares many similarities with cardiovascular disease (CVD) pathophysiology. We sought to determine the relationship of AMD to the progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) using data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). METHODS: Our cohort consisted of 5803 adults aged 45 to 84 years free of known cardiovascular disease (CVD). Retinal photographs were taken during visit 2 (Aug 2002-Jan 2004)...
2018: PloS One
Lawrence O Lin, Rosaline S Zhang, Daniel Mazzaferro, Ian C Hoppe, Rebecca L Pearl, Jordan W Swanson, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
BACKGROUND: Facial scarring and disharmony due to clefting is associated with psychosocial stress which may be improved by orthognathic surgery. The authors examine how a history of clefting influences change in layperson perception of a patient following orthognathic surgery. METHODS: 1000 laypeople were recruited through Mechanical Turk to evaluate patient photographs pre- and post-orthognathic surgery. Nineteen patients - 5 with unilateral and 4 with bilateral clefting - were included...
July 5, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Tyler Sugerman-McGiffin, Gabrielle C Hybki, Jesse Castro, Lisa A Murphy, Colleen Tansey, Jeffrey E Patlogar, Reid K Nakamura, Dillon Y Chen
OBJECTIVE To determine how veterinarians' attire affected clients' perceptions and trust in the small animal emergency medicine setting. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SAMPLE 154 clients of a 24-hour small animal emergency clinic in a rural location. PROCEDURES A survey was administered to clients in the waiting room over a 1-month period to elicit their impressions of veterinarians' attire in various clinical scenarios and whether that attire would affect their perceptions. Respondents completed the survey after examining photographs of 1 male and 1 female veterinarian in 5 styles of attire (business, professional, surgical, clinical, and smart casual)...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Nor Azlida Mohd Nor, Barbara L Chadwick, Damian J J Farnell, Ivor Gordon Chestnutt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis and caries among Malaysian children following the reduction in fluoride concentration from 0.7 to 0.5 parts per million (ppm) in the public water supply. METHODS: This study involved lifelong residents aged 9- and 12-year-olds in fluoridated and nonfluoridated areas in Malaysia (n = 1155). In the fluoridated area, children aged 12 years and 9 years were exposed to 0.7 and 0.5 ppm, respectively, at the times when maxillary central incisors developed...
July 18, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Volkan Doğru, Muhittin Yaprak, Emel Durmaz, Özlenen Özkan, Ayhan Mesci, Ömer Özkan, Vahit Özmen, Cumhur Arıcı
BACKGROUND: Oncoplastic surgery has been used in breast cancer patients for better cosmetic outcome over the last decades. The aim of this prospective randomized study is to show its place in excisional breast biopsy. METHODS: An oncoplastic approach excision was compared with conventional excisional breast biopsies. The study included 80 patients, of whom half received oncoplastic intervention and half received the conventional. The primary endpoint was the cosmetic result...
July 17, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Atsunobu Murase, Ryohei Miki, Masaaki Wada, Masahide Itou, Hiroyuki Motomura, Hiroshi Senou
The Potato Grouper, Epinephelus tukula , is relatively rare worldwide. Records from the northernmost part of its range (Japan) have been few, resulting in a "Critically Endangered" listing on the Red List for Japan. The Japanese records were revised by examining literature, new specimens, photographs, and the internet, and a continuous distribution pattern from the tropical Ryukyu Islands (including adult individuals) to temperate regions affected by the Kuroshio Current were delineated; this suggests the species inhabits tropical Japan and can spread to temperate regions via the warm current...
2018: ZooKeys
Jianhui Zhang, Qiufeng Yan, Jun Huang, Chuanyu Wu
In this study, we examined the use of a dynamic micro-tapered hole as a micro-scale tapered flow tube valveless piezoelectric pump. Firstly, we obtained photographs of a micro-tapered hole by using an environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM). Then, we explained the pump effect of the micro-tapered hole, and derived the atomization rate equation. Furthermore, we reported an atomization rate measurement experiment that eliminated the atomization caused by a pressure increase, and demonstrated that a change in the volume of a micro-tapered hole could produce atomization...
July 17, 2018: Sensors
Eunsang Lee, Seung Jae Lee, Hyo Jun Kim, Jae Min Shin, Ji Ho Choi, Jae Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: Re-deviation of the nasal septum may occur after septoplasty. Because the cartilaginous septum grows until the age of 16-17 years, septoplasty is usually recommended thereafter. However, severely deviated septum may necessitate septoplasty in younger adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of re-deviated nasal septum in patients who underwent septoplasty at ≤18 versus ≥19 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records and endoscopic photographs of patients who underwent septoplasty between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 17, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Akira Kodama, Takaya Mizuseki, Nobuo Adachi
BACKGROUND: On the basis of the intra-articular findings during Kudo type 5 elbow prosthesis revision surgery, we infer the mechanisms leading to implant failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed primary Kudo type 5 total elbow arthroplasty on 60 rheumatoid elbows in 45 patients between 1994 and 2003. Revision surgery was performed in 8 patients (9 elbows) because of implant failure. We radiographically assessed their status before this surgical procedure and then assessed the surgical intra-articular findings based on surgery records and photographs...
August 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Federico Landriel, Santiago Hem, Claudio Yampolsky
Neurogenic claudication is a common symptom of lumbar spinal stenosis; its pathophysiology is thought to be ischemia of the nerve roots secondary to compression from surrounding structures. The stenosis of the lateral recesses and neuroforamen can cause these symptoms and its surgical treatment is decompression. The placement of interbody cages that restore the disc space height may indirectly decompress the neuroforamen and alleviate the nerve impingement symptoms. In case of concomitant low-grade spondylolisthesis, interbody devices might also reduce the slippage...
July 17, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Thaís D Eberhardt, Suzinara B S Lima, Luis F D Lopes, Marciane Kessler, Graziele G P Fonseca, Rhea S A Soares
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproducibility of using AutoCAD software to measure the area of venous leg ulcers (VLUs). METHOD: Data from patients with VLUs were collected between March and July 2015, using data collection forms and photographing the different ulcers. A researcher and five nurses collected the data. The wounds were measured using AutoCAD software. Data were analysed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) and Bland-Altman analysis...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
D G Beekmans, R M N Beekmans, M S Cune
Zirconia implants can offer a good alternative to titanium implants. Due to their specific material properties, they have the potential for a more appealing aesthetic result, which can be particularly important in the anterior zone. In the present study, the pink and white aesthetics of immediately placed zirconia implants in the anterior maxillary zone in 20 patients were assessed on the basis of Pink and White Esthetic Scores (PES and WES). To this end, two clinical photographs were compared: one taken immediately after placement of the permanent crown (mean PES = 12...
July 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
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