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Child question comprehension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813272/religiosity-and-parenting-recent-directions-in-process-oriented-research
#1
REVIEW
Marcie C Goeke-Morey, E Mark Cummings
Most faith traditions, in principle, promote family life and positive parent-child relationships. In recent years, research has moved beyond questions of whether religion supports positive parenting towards addressing more nuanced process-oriented questions, including how, why, and when religion is linked with adaptive or maladaptive parenting. Relations between religion and multiple specific parenting behaviors (e.g., involvement, warmth, authoritative parenting, communication) are identified, including contexts for when and why relations between religion and parenting are adaptive or maladaptive...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800894/examining-unanswered-questions-about-the-home-environment-and-childhood-obesity-disparities-using-an-incremental-mixed-methods-longitudinal-study-design-the-family-matters-study
#2
Jerica M Berge, Amanda Trofholz, Allan Tate, Maureen Beebe, Angela Fertig, Michael Miner, Scott Crow, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
There are disparities in the prevalence of childhood obesity for children from low-income and minority households. Mixed-methods studies that examine home environments in an in-depth manner are needed to identify potential mechanisms driving childhood obesity disparities that have not been examined in prior research. The Family Matters study aims to identify risk and protective factors for childhood obesity in low-income and minority households through a two-phased incremental, mixed-methods, and longitudinal approach...
August 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688074/teaching-reading-comprehension-skills-to-a-child-with-autism-using-behaviour-skills-training
#4
Binita D Singh, Dennis W Moore, Brett E Furlonger, Angelika Anderson, Margherita L Busacca, Derek L English
A multiple probe design across skills was used to examine the effects of behaviour skills training (BST) on teaching four reading comprehension skills (predicting, questioning, clarifying, and summarizing) to a 7th grade student with autism. Following baseline, the student received 12 sessions of BST during which each skill was taught to criterion. At each session, data was also collected on the accuracy of oral responses to 10 comprehension questions. BST was associated with clear gains in the participant's performance on each comprehension skill, along with concomitant gains in reading comprehension both on the daily probes and a standardized measure...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685043/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-5-equity-effects-for-neonates-and-children
#5
Meike Schleiff, Richard Kumapley, Paul A Freeman, Sundeep Gupta, Bahie M Rassekh, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: The degree to which investments in health programs improve the health of the most disadvantaged segments of the population-where utilization of health services and health status is often the worst-is a growing concern throughout the world. Therefore, questions about the degree to which community-based primary health care (CBPHC) can or actually does improve utilization of health services and the health status of the most disadvantaged children in a population is an important one...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685039/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-1-rationale-methods-and-database-description
#6
Henry B Perry, Bahie M Rassekh, Sundeep Gupta, Jess Wilhelm, Paul A Freeman
BACKGROUND: Community-based primary health care (CBPHC) is an approach used by health programs to extend preventive and curative health services beyond health facilities into communities and even down to households. Evidence of the effectiveness of CBPHC in improving maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) has been summarized by others, but our review gives particular attention to not only the effectiveness of specific interventions but also their delivery strategies at the community level along with their equity effects...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598503/children-s-early-awareness-of-comprehension-as-evident-in-their-spontaneous-corrections-of-speech-errors
#7
Henry M Wellman, Ju-Hyun Song, Hope Peskin-Shepherd
A crucial human cognitive goal is to understand and to be understood. But understanding often takes active management. Two studies investigated early developmental processes of understanding management by focusing on young children's comprehension monitoring. We ask: When and how do young children actively monitor their comprehension of social-communicative interchanges and so seek to clarify and correct their own potential miscomprehension? Study 1 examined the parent-child conversations of 13 children studied longitudinally in everyday situations from the time the children were approximately 2 years through 3 years...
June 9, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447827/interpersonal-dysfunction-in-personality-disorders-a-meta-analytic-review
#8
Sylia Wilson, Catherine B Stroud, C Emily Durbin
Personality disorders are defined in the current psychiatric diagnostic system as pervasive, inflexible, and stable patterns of thinking, feeling, behaving, and interacting with others. Questions regarding the validity and reliability of the current personality disorder diagnoses prompted a reconceptualization of personality pathology in the most recent edition of the psychiatric diagnostic manual, in an appendix of emerging models for future study. To evaluate the construct and discriminant validity of the current personality disorder diagnoses, we conducted a quantitative synthesis of the existing empirical research on associations between personality disorders and interpersonal functioning, defined using the interpersonal circumplex model (comprising orthogonal dimensions of agency and communion), as well as functioning in specific relationship domains (parent-child, family, peer, romantic)...
July 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420349/grey-literature-in-systematic-reviews-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-contribution-of-non-english-reports-unpublished-studies-and-dissertations-to-the-results-of-meta-analyses-in-child-relevant-reviews
#9
Lisa Hartling, Robin Featherstone, Megan Nuspl, Kassi Shave, Donna M Dryden, Ben Vandermeer
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) are an important source of information about healthcare interventions. A key component of a well-conducted SR is a comprehensive literature search. There is limited evidence on the contribution of non-English reports, unpublished studies, and dissertations and their impact on results of meta-analyses. METHODS: Our sample included SRs from three Cochrane Review Groups: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Infectious Diseases (ID), Developmental Psychosocial and Learning Problems (DPLP) (n = 129)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415965/the-pregnancy-environment-and-lifestyle-study-petals-a-population-based-longitudinal-multi-racial-birth-cohort
#10
Yeyi Zhu, Monique M Hedderson, Juanran Feng, Ashley A Mevi, Assiamira Ferrara
BACKGROUND: Increasing recognition has been received regarding the proven and suggested links between multi-level environmental exposures on a broad scale (e.g., chemical, clinical, behavioral, physical and social) and health deficits originated from the critical window of development. However, such prospective human data are limited. In 2016, the National Institutes of Health funded 35 centers comprising 84 extant cohorts for the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) pediatric cohorts program...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401674/placebo-like-response-in-absence-of-treatment-in-children-with-autism
#11
Rebecca M Jones, Caroline Carberry, Amarelle Hamo, Catherine Lord
Caregiver report is the most common measure of change in pediatric psychiatry. Yet, placebo response rates pose significant challenges to reliably detect a treatment response. The present study simulated an eight-week clinical trial protocol for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) for the purpose of testing the feasibility and validity of several outcome measures. Twenty caregivers answered questions about their child's behavior on their smartphone each week and completed a battery of paper questionnaires during weeks one and eight...
April 12, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387843/child-executive-control-as-a-moderator-of-the-longitudinal-association-between-sleep-problems-and-subsequent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms
#12
Katherine M Kidwell, Maren Hankey, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Kimberly Andrews Espy, Timothy D Nelson
To examine the longitudinal associations among sleep, executive control (EC), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in childhood.  In this longitudinal study ( N  = 271), parents answered questions about sleep problems when children were 3 years old, children completed a comprehensive EC task battery at 4.5 years, and teachers completed standardized measures of child ADHD symptoms in 4th grade.  Latent moderated structural equation models demonstrated that sleep problems at 3 years and EC deficits at 4...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378104/the-role-of-parental-rearing-practices-and-family-demographics-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children
#13
S Kumar, M J Zimmer-Gembeck, J Kroon, R Lalloo, N W Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the direct and indirect (via oral health-related behaviour) effects of parental rearing practices on children's Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) within a family-focused, comprehensive predictive model. METHODS: Participants were 11- to 14-year-old children and their parents living in Telangana State, India (N = 1130). Children were clinically assessed for dental caries, gingivitis, oral hygiene status, fluorosis, and malocclusion, and completed a self-administered questionnaire on oral health-related behaviour and OHRQoL...
August 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369409/the-ups-and-downs-of-parenting-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes-a-crowdsourcing-study
#14
Jessica S Pierce, Karen Aroian, Cindy Caldwell, Judith L Ross, Joyce M Lee, Elizabeth Schifano, Rebecca Novotny, Anthony Tamayo, Tim Wysocki
Parenting young children with type 1 diabetes (YC-T1D) entails pervasive challenges; parental coping may influence child and parent outcomes. This study used a qualitative descriptive design to describe these challenges comprehensively to inform the user-centered design of an Internet coping resource for parents. A "Parent Crowd" of 153 parents of children with T1D onset at ≤ 5 years old submitted textual responses online to open-ended questions about parenting YC-T1D. Systematic coding organized responses into domains, themes, and examples...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326571/family-centred-service-differences-in-what-parents-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-rate-important
#15
M Terwiel, M W Alsem, R C Siebes, K Bieleman, M Verhoef, M Ketelaar
BACKGROUND: A family-centred approach to services of children with disabilities is widely accepted as the foundational approach to service delivery in paediatric health care. The 56 items of the Measure of Processes of Care questionnaire (MPOC-56) all reflect elements of family-centred service. In this study, we investigated which elements of family-centred service are rated important by parents of children with cerebral palsy by adding a question on importance to each item of the MPOC-56 (MPOC-56-I)...
September 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237319/epilepsy-treatment-in-adults-and-adolescents-expert-opinion-2016
#16
REVIEW
Jerry J Shih, Julia B Whitlock, Nicole Chimato, Emily Vargas, Steven C Karceski, Ryan D Frank
INTRODUCTION: There are over twenty anti-seizure medications and anti-seizure devices available commercially in the United States. The multitude of treatment options for seizures can present a challenge to clinicians, especially those who are not subspecialists in the epilepsy field. Many clinical questions are not adequately answered in double-blind randomized controlled studies. In the presence of a knowledge gap, many clinicians consult a respected colleague with acknowledged expertise in the field...
April 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235620/practices-and-preferences-exploring-the-relationships-between-food-related-parenting-practices-and-child-food-preferences-for-high-fat-and-or-sugar-foods-fruits-and-vegetables
#17
Rachel L Vollmer, Jamey Baietto
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between food-related parenting practices and child fruit, vegetable, and high fat/sugar food preferences. Parents (n = 148) of children (3-7 years old) completed the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ), the Preschool Adapted Food Liking Scale (PALS), and answered demographic questions. Separate linear regressions were conducted to test relationships between the different food categories on PALS (fruits, vegetables, and high fat/sugar foods) and each food-related parenting practice using race, ethnicity, and income level, and child age and gender as covariates...
February 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195316/structural-hierarchy-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms-an-integrative-framework
#18
Hyunsik Kim, Cara M Keifer, Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Nicholas R Eaton, Matthew D Lerner, Kenneth D Gadow
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to resolve questions regarding the symptom classification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), previous research generally aimed to demonstrate superiority of one model over another. Rather than adjudicating which model may be optimal, we propose an alternative approach that integrates competing models using Goldberg's bass-ackwards method, providing a comprehensive understanding of the underlying symptom structure of ASD. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3,825 individuals, consecutive referrals to a university hospital developmental disabilities specialty clinic or a child psychiatry outpatient clinic...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167642/what-can-large-population-based-birth-cohort-study-ask-about-past-present-and-future-of-children-with-disorders-of-development-learning-and-behaviour
#19
Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Scott M Myers, Robert G Voigt, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Ruth E Stoeckel, Amy L Weaver
A large cohort consisting of all children born to mothers from community provides 'natural' selection into different exposures and is a powerful resource for epidemiological research. A large population-based birth cohort with detailed systematic information already recorded, as part of longitudinal medical care, historical and current school data, detailed birth certificate data and all three resources available for every member of the birth cohort, are extremely rare. Our population-based birth cohort consists of all children born between 1976 and 2000 to mothers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, at the time of child's birth (N=39 890)...
April 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138207/case-file-coding-of-child-maltreatment-methods-challenges-and-innovations-in-a-longitudinal-project-of-youth-in-foster-care
#20
Lindsay Huffhines, Angela M Tunno, Bridget Cho, Erin P Hambrick, Ilse Campos, Brittany Lichty, Yo Jackson
State social service agency case files are a common mechanism for obtaining information about a child's maltreatment history, yet these documents are often challenging for researchers to access, and then to process in a manner consistent with the requirements of social science research designs. Specifically, accessing and navigating case files is an extensive undertaking, and a task that many researchers have had to maneuver with little guidance. Even after the files are in hand and the research questions and relevant variables have been clarified, case file information about a child's maltreatment exposure can be idiosyncratic, vague, inconsistent, and incomplete, making coding such information into useful variables for statistical analyses difficult...
August 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
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