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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089487/estimation-of-national-regional-and-global-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use during pregnancy is the direct cause of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). We aimed to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and FAS in the general population and, by linking these two indicators, estimate the number of pregnant women that consumed alcohol during pregnancy per one case of FAS. METHODS: We began by doing two independent comprehensive systematic literature searches using multiple electronic databases for original quantitative studies that reported the prevalence in the general population of the respective country of alcohol use during pregnancy published from Jan 1, 1984, to June 30, 2014, or the prevalence of FAS published from Nov 1, 1973, to June 30, 2015, in a peer-reviewed journal or scholarly report...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943237/patient-and-parent-initiated-oral-steroids-for-asthma-exacerbations
#2
REVIEW
Muhammad B Ganaie, M Munavvar, Morris Gordon, Hui F Lim, David Jw Evans
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways affecting an estimated 334 million people worldwide. During severe exacerbations, patients may need to attend a medical centre or hospital emergency department for treatment with systemic corticosteroids, which can be administered intravenously or orally. Some people with asthma are prescribed oral corticosteroids (OCS) for self-administration (i.e. patient-initiated) or to administer to their child with asthma (i.e. parent-initiated), in the event of an exacerbation...
December 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899903/reading-touch-screen-storybooks-with-mothers-negatively-affects-7-year-old-readers-comprehension-but-enriches-emotional-engagement
#3
Kirsty M Ross, Rachel E Pye, Jordan Randell
Touch screen storybooks turn reading into an interactive multimedia experience, with hotspot-activated animations, sound effects, and games. Positive and negative effects of reading multimedia stories have been reported, but the underlying mechanisms which explain how children's learning is affected remain uncertain. The present study examined the effect of storybook format (touch screen and print) on story comprehension, and considered how level of touch screen interactivity (high and low) and shared reading behaviors (cognitive and emotional scaffolding, emotional engagement) might contribute to comprehension...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891762/judicial-reliance-on-parental-iq-in-appellate-level-child-welfare-cases-involving-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#4
Ella Callow, Munazza Tahir, Maurice Feldman
BACKGROUND: Parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are over-represented in child welfare cases. Although IQ per se is an invalid indicator of parenting abilities, this study examined the prevalence of judicial consideration of parental IQ test evidence in US appellate cases. METHODS: The present authors conducted Boolean searches of Westlaw Corporation's case database since 1999. The present authors used a six-question checklist to survey the 42 most recent American appellate cases involving termination of parental rights (TPR) decisions that included evidence of parental intellectual and developmental disabilities based on IQ...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876090/the-impact-of-household-wealth-on-child-survival-in-ghana
#5
Stella T Lartey, Rasheda Khanam, Shingo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Improving child health is one of the major policy agendas for most of the governments, especially in the developing countries. These governments have been implementing various strategies such as improving healthcare financing, improving access to health, increasing educational level, and income level of the household to improve child health. Despite all these efforts, under-five and infant mortality rates remain high in many developing nations. Some previous studies examined how economic development or household's economic condition contributes to child survival in developing countries...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863850/pediatric-concussion-management-in-the-emergency-department-a-national-survey-of-parents
#6
Angela Zamarripa, Sarah J Clark, Alexander J Rogers, Helena Wang-Flores, Rachel M Stanley
OBJECTIVE: To examine parental expectations and beliefs about diagnosis and management of pediatric concussion. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional web-based survey of a nationally representative panel of US parents in March 2014. Parents of 10- to 17-year-old children responded to questions about their expectations and beliefs about diagnosis and management of pediatric concussion in the emergency department (ED). Weighted percentages for descriptive statistics were calculated, and χ2 statistics were used for bivariate analysis...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814911/population-based-outcomes-data-for-counseling-at-the-margin-of-gestational-viability
#7
Patrick Myers, Naomi Laventhal, Bree Andrews, Joanne Lagatta, William Meadow
OBJECTIVE: To survey neonatologists as to how many use population-based outcomes data to counsel families before and after the birth of 22- to 25-week preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: An anonymous online survey was distributed to 1022 neonatologists in the US. Questions addressed the use of population-based outcome data in prenatal and postnatal counseling. RESULTS: Ninety-one percent of neonatologists reported using population-based outcomes data for counseling...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792463/pocket-reference-card-improves-pediatric-resident-comfort-in-caring-for-children-at-end-of-life
#8
Emily M Balkin, Katherine Ort, Robert Goldsby, Jessica Duvall, Cynthia D Kim
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pediatricians in all stages of training are uncomfortable managing patients at end of life. Our goal was to create and test a portable reference card to improve pediatric resident education in comprehensive care for children nearing end of life. METHODS: We evaluated the impact of the Pediatric End-of-Life Care Management Reference Card on residents' perceived comfort and knowledge through pre- and post-intervention surveys. The preintervention questionnaires and pocket cards were distributed to all first- and second-year residents, and then a follow-up survey was provided six months later...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784298/the-global-pendulum-swing-towards-community-health-workers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review-of-trends-geographical-distribution-and-programmatic-orientations-2005-to-2014
#9
REVIEW
Helen Schneider, Dickson Okello, Uta Lehmann
BACKGROUND: There has been a substantial increase in publications and interest in community health workers (CHWs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) over the last years. This paper examines the growth, geographical distribution and programmatic orientations of the indexed literature on CHWs in LMIC over a 10-year period. METHODS: A scoping review of publications on CHWs from 2005 to 2014 was conducted. Using an inclusive list of terms, we searched seven databases (including MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane) for all English-language publications on CHWs in LMIC...
October 26, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716549/associations-between-quantitative-measures-of-women-s-empowerment-and-access-to-care-and-health-status-for-mothers-and-their-children-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-the-developing-world
#10
Pierre Pratley
Research on the association between women's empowerment and maternal and child health has rapidly expanded. However, questions concerning the measurement and aggregation of quantitative indicators of women's empowerment and their associations with measures of maternal and child health status and healthcare utilization remain unanswered. Major challenges include complexity in measuring progress in several dimensions and the situational, context dependent nature of the empowerment process as it relates to improvements in maternal and child health status and maternal care seeking behaviors...
August 22, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676704/recommendations-for-clinical-practice-after-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-clinical-monitoring-and-early-rehabilitation-intervention
#11
Carole Vuillerot, Mickael Dinomais, Stephane Marret, Stephane Chabrier, Thierry Debillon
Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) affects one child in 6-17 100,000-birth term neonates, most of these children will keep long-term motor and cognitive impairment. In 2014, initiated by the French Center for Pediatric Stroke in association with the French Society of Neonatology, a steering committee was created to propose clinical guidelines after NAIS. From all the relevant questions, the importance is given to long-term outcomes after a NAIS with a need for a better description of motor and cognitive outcomes after a NAIS in order to propose a more consensual monitoring for these children to improve their management...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650145/evaluation-of-an-e-learning-resource-on-approach-to-the-first-unprovoked-seizure
#12
Fleur A Le Marne, Hannah McGinness, Rob Slade, Michael Cardamone, Shirleen Balbir Singh, Anne M Connolly, Ann Me Bye
AIM: To develop and evaluate an online educational package instructing paediatricians and trainees in the diagnosis and management of a first unprovoked seizure in children. METHODS: The E-learning content was created following a comprehensive literature review that referenced current international guidelines. Rigorous consultation with local paediatric neurologists, paediatricians and epilepsy nurses was undertaken. A series of learning modules was created and sequenced to reflect steps needed to achieve optimal diagnosis and management in a real-life situation of a child presenting with a paroxysmal event...
September 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646460/forensic-clinical-anatomy-a-new-field-of-study-with-application-to-medicolegal-issues
#13
Andrea Porzionato, Veronica Macchi, Carla Stecco, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Raffaele De Caro
Forensic clinical anatomy is a new practical application of the discipline of Clinical Anatomy for ascertaining and evaluating medicolegal questions. In particular, individual anatomy (normal anatomy, anatomical variations, age-, disease-, or surgery-related modifications) can acquire significant relevance in various fields of legal medicine such as child abuse, sudden death, medical responsibility and/or liability, personal injury and damage. Anatomical data of forensic interest frequently arise from the correct application of methods of ascertainment; anatomical methods may then be required for further comprehensive analysis...
January 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594844/an-evidence-based-education-program-for-adults-about-child-sexual-abuse-prevent-it-that-significantly-improves-attitudes-knowledge-and-behavior
#14
Erin K Martin, Peter H Silverstone
Here we describe the development of an evidence-based education program for adults about childhood sexual abuse (CSA), called Prevent It! Uniquely, the primary goal of this program was to change the behavior of participants, as well as to increase knowledge about CSA and positive attitudes toward it. A comprehensive review shows no previous similar approach. The program includes a detailed manual to allow standardized administration by trained facilitators, as well as multiple video segments from CSA survivors and professionals...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524502/-it-s-just-everywhere-children-and-parents-discuss-the-marketing-of-sports-wagering-in-australia
#15
Hannah Pitt, Samantha L Thomas, Amy Bestman, Melissa Stoneham, Mike Daube
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how children and adults recall the content and promotional channels for sports wagering marketing. METHODS: A mixed methods study of 152 parent/child (8-16 years) dyads was conducted at AFL (Australian Football League), NRL (National Rugby League), and soccer sporting sites in New South Wales and Victoria, Australia. Questions related to the frequency of viewing AFL and NRL matches, sports wagering promotions and perceptions of the normalisation of wagering in sport...
October 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497406/informed-consent-for-tonsillectomy-do-parents-comprehend-the-information-we-provide
#16
Oshri Wasserzug, Gadi Fishman, Dan Sternbach, Efrat Reindorf-Kfir, Eran Averbuch, Dan M Fliss, Yael Oestreicher-Kedem, Ari Derowe
OBJECTIVE: Informed consent is an important part of the surgical process. Based on our clinical experience, we hypothesized that parents providing consent for their children's tonsillectomy do not comprehend all the information that is given to them by the operating surgeon at the time of a conventional consent process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents whose children were scheduled for tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy and/or tympanostomy tubes insertion were enrolled...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478750/the-class-inclusion-question-a-case-study-in-applying-pragmatics-to-the-experimental-study-of-cognition
#17
Guy Politzer
For more than 70 years, Piaget's class-inclusion task (given, e.g., five asters and three tulips, the child is asked whether "there are more asters or more flowers") has been the object of experimental investigation. Inclusion is of considerable importance for cognitive science as it is a key concept for logical operations and knowledge representation. It is shown that the question can be characterised by a kind of privative ambiguity which is at the source of the younger children's answer, "more asters". A relevance-theoretic explanation of children's interpretation of the question and of the subsequent responses is expounded...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453495/when-to-invest-in-clinical-guidelines-for-children-a-practice-oriented-tool-to-facilitate-decision-making
#18
Inge Schalkers, Clair Enthoven, Joske Bunders, Christine Dedding
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Children are not just small adults; they need to be diagnosed and treated in the context of their rapid growth and development. However, in guideline development, children's needs and interests are still overlooked. This study aims (1) to develop a tool that could stimulate guideline developers to take children into account on a more structural basis and (2) to explore how to facilitate children's participation in the process of guideline development. METHODS: The method used was a three-phase multimethod sequential design...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444678/early-comprehensive-care-of-preterm-infants-effects-on-quality-of-life-childhood-development-and-healthcare-utilization-study-protocol-for-a-cohort-study-linking-administrative-healthcare-data-with-patient-reported-primary-data
#19
Jochen Schmitt, Katrin Arnold, Diana Druschke, Enno Swart, Xina Grählert, Ulf Maywald, Andreas Fuchs, Andreas Werblow, Maryan Schemken, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
BACKGROUND: About 9 % of all children in Germany are born preterm. Despite significant improvements of medical care, preterm infants are at a greater risk to develop short and long term health complications. Negative consequences of preterm birth include neurodevelopmental disabilities, behavioral problems or learning disorders. Most data on effects of prematurity are derived from single or multi-center studies and not population-based. Since some of the long term problems of preterm delivery are associated with a disturbed parent-child interaction originating in the neonatal period, several intervention programs became available aiming to strengthen the early parent-child relationship...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435192/validation-of-the-comprehensive-feeding-practices-questionnaire-in-parents-of-preschool-children-in-brazil
#20
Sarah Warkentin, Laís Amaral Mais, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
BACKGROUND: Recent national surveys in Brazil have demonstrated a decrease in the consumption of traditional food and a parallel increase in the consumption of ultra-processed food, which has contributed to a rise in obesity prevalence in all age groups. Environmental factors, especially familial factors, have a strong influence on the food intake of preschool children, and this has led to the development of psychometric scales to measure parents' feeding practices. The aim of this study was to test the validity of a translated and adapted Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire in a sample of Brazilian preschool-aged children enrolled in private schools...
2016: BMC Public Health
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