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Child question comprehension

Yixin Jiang, Lucy A Tully, Matthew T Burn, Patrycja Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Caroline Moul, Paul J Frick, David J Hawes, Eva R Kimonis, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Vicki Anderson, Mark R Dadds
While there has been increasing interest in promoting father engagement in parenting interventions for child wellbeing, both research and practice endeavors have been hindered by a lack of a measure of father engagement practices. This paper reports the development and evaluation of a comprehensive, practitioner-report measure of father engagement practices--the Father Engagement Questionnaire (FEQ). Practitioners ( N  = 589; 84.5% females; mean age = 38.56) involved in delivering parenting interventions in Australia completed the FEQ, along with background demographics and questions regarding their own and organization's practice...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Akaansha Ganju, Anupama Suresh, Julie Stephens, Marilly Palettas, Diana Burke, Laura Miles, K Lehman, R Rudesill, Maryam Lustberg, Seuli Bose-Brill, Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy
INTRODUCTION: The protective effects of breastfeeding against developing breast cancer are well known; however, it is unknown whether women are aware of this breastfeeding benefit. Research Aim/Questions: The aim of this investigation was to determine whether mothers received information about breast cancer risk reduction during breastfeeding counseling and whether this knowledge affected their decision to initiate and sustain breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was conducted at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center with women aged 18-50 who had at least one live birth...
October 23, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Paola de Souza Rezende, Denise Ely Bellotto de Moraes, Laís Amaral Mais, Sarah Warkentin, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
Maternal pressure for the child to eat may have counterproductive effects on child's eating behavior, such as impairing their ability to self-regulate intake and generating greater refusal of the pressured foods. Associated factors with this feeding practice are still poorly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the use of pressure to eat by mothers and anthropometric, sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of mothers and their children. Nine hundred and twenty seven mothers of 2-to-8-year-old children participated in the study...
October 21, 2018: Appetite
Maria Brenner, Miriam P O'Shea, Philip Larkin, Daniela Luzi, Fabrizio Pecoraro, Oscar Tamburis, Jay Berry, Denise Alexander, Michael Rigby, Mitch Blair
With improvements in neonatal and paediatric care, more children living with complex care needs are surviving beyond infancy into late childhood and adulthood than in the past. We examined the current approach to the management and integration of care of children living with complex care needs in 30 European countries, as well as the implications for primary care service delivery. This descriptive study, with an embedded qualitative aspect, consisted of questions adapted from the Standards for Systems of Care for Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs, and included questions on a complex care European survey of change, adapted from the Eurobarometer survey...
November 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Rafat Hussain, Stuart Wark, Peta Ryan
Australia has one of the world's highest life expectancy rates, and there is a rapidly growing need for informal caregivers to support individuals who are ageing, have chronic illness or a lifelong disability. These informal carers themselves face numerous physical and psychological stressors in attempting to balance the provision of care with their personal life, their work commitments and family responsibilities. However, little is known about the specific challenges facing rural carers and the barriers that limit their capacity to provide ongoing support...
October 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ö Ece Demir-Lira, Lauren R Applebaum, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Susan C Levine
It is widely believed that reading to preschool children promotes their language and literacy skills. Yet, whether early parent-child book reading is an index of generally rich linguistic input or a unique predictor of later outcomes remains unclear. To address this question, we asked whether naturally occurring parent-child book reading interactions between 1 and 2.5 years-of-age predict elementary school language and literacy outcomes, controlling for the quantity of other talk parents provide their children, family socioeconomic status, and children's own early language skill...
October 16, 2018: Developmental Science
Debra Teitelbaum
Patients and their families have expressed that they want information (Hendricks, 2000) and as a result often turn to Google for health and medical information. Society as a whole is more informed than ever and no longer rely only on medical practitioners as in previous generations. Instead, and rightly so, they question medical experts and want to know the reasoning and rationale behind everything they experience. This combined with the shift towards family-centred principles over the last 20 years underscores the need to provide comprehensive and effective education to families...
October 15, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Sunhea Choi, Ho Ming Yuen, Reginald Annan, Trevor Pickup, Andy Pulman, Michele Monroy-Valle, Nana Esi Linda Aduku, Samuel Kyei-Boateng, Carmen Isabel Velásquez Monzón, Carmen Elisa Portillo Sermeño, Andrew Penn, Ann Ashworth, Alan A Jackson
BACKGROUND: Scaling up improved management of severe acute malnutrition has been identified as the nutrition intervention with the largest potential to reduce child mortality, but lack of operational capacity at all levels of the health system constrains scale-up. We therefore developed an interactive malnutrition eLearning course that is accessible at scale to build capacity of the health sector workforce to manage severely malnourished children according to the guidelines of the World Health Organization...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, Yolanda S Castañeda, Suzanne M Wernimont, Laura Liebermann, Christina S Cheng-Patel, Eileen E Birch, Jonathan M Holmes
PURPOSE: To identify specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and functional vision concerns of children with eye conditions, and create comprehensive lists of potential questionnaire items as a first step in developing patient-reported outcome measures. METHODS: Children experiencing a range of pediatric eye conditions, along with one of their parents, were interviewed to identify specific concerns. Transcribed interviews were reviewed, and specific HRQOL and functional vision concerns were coded independently by two reviewers...
September 20, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Azize Pınar Metbulut, Elif N Özmert, Ozlem Teksam, Kadriye Yurdakök
The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare mothers' and grandparents' feeding behaviours, the differences between the behaviours, the relationship between children's feeding problems and grandparents' feeding behaviours, as well as the relationship between grandparents' feeding behaviour and children's body mass index (BMI). This study prompts physicians to pay attention to the on feeding behaviours of grandmothers when evaluating the feeding problems and behaviours of children. This study is a controlled case study...
December 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Katherine Turner
The well-child visit allows for comprehensive assessment of a child and the opportunity for further evaluation if abnormalities are detected. A complete history during the well-child visit includes information about birth history; prior screenings; diet; sleep; dental care; and medical, surgical, family, and social histories. A head-to-toe examination should be performed, including a review of growth. Immunizations should be reviewed and updated as appropriate. Screening for postpartum depression in mothers of infants up to six months of age is recommended...
September 15, 2018: American Family Physician
Saahoon Hong, Taeho Greg Rhee, Kristine N Piescher
Although research investigating associations among child maltreatment, cognitive functioning, and academic achievement has grown in recent years, important questions remain. In particular, assessing the influence of maltreatment apart from that of other co-occurring and confounding factors remains difficult. This study was developed to further the field's understanding by investigating cognitive functioning in association with time-variant maltreatment patterns. Using multiple time-variant linear mixed models, we investigated the relationships between maltreatment timing and three domains of cognitive functioning (i...
October 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Rohan Magoon, Arindam Choudhury, Ameya Karanjkar, Ummed Singh
Cyanosis due to right to left shunt across an atrial septal defect (ASD) brings up lots of questions in an inquisitive mind! Systemic desaturation at rest or during exercise can limit physical ability and impair the quality of life of patients with congenital heart defect (CHD). Traditionally, ASD is taught as an acyanotic CHD, but we encountered a child with a different clinical presentation. Understanding the mechanism of early onset systemic desaturation in the presence of an ASD is vital for surgical planning and decision-making...
July 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Jaefar Moghaddasi, Fariba Taleghani, Alireza Moafi, Azadeh Malekian, Mahrokh Keshvari, Mahnaz Ilkhani
BACKGROUND: A child's cancer not only affects the child in question, but also their family members and even closes relatives and friends. The nature of this disease is such that, while imposing a high level of care workload on the family, it also affects various family aspects including personal, familial, and social interactions and relationships, as well as family functioning. This study aims to describe family interactions in childhood leukemia. METHODS: This study was an exploratory descriptive study, conducted on 58 participants (40 family members and 18 members of the health team), with purposeful sampling and semi-structured interviews-63 personal interviews and four group interviews-in the research context of the Cancer Hospital in Isfahan, 2016-2017...
December 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Emily Atkinson, Matthew W Wagers, Jeffrey Lidz, Colin Phillips, Akira Omaki
Much work has demonstrated that children are able to use bottom-up linguistic cues to incrementally interpret sentences, but there is little understanding of the extent to which children's comprehension mechanisms are guided by top-down linguistic information that can be learned from distributional regularities in the input. Using a visual world eye tracking experiment and a corpus analysis, the current study investigates whether 5- and 6-year-old children incrementally assign interpretations to temporarily ambiguous wh-questions like What was Emily eating the cake with __? In the visual world eye-tracking experiment, adults demonstrated evidence for active dependency formation at the earliest region (i...
October 2018: Cognition
Erin D Paquette, Sabrina F Derrington, Avani Shukla, Neha Sinha, Sarah Oswald, Lauren Sorce, Kelly N Michelson
Biorepository research in children raises numerous ethical questions that are heightened in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) setting. We conducted a cross-sectional, interview-based study of 20 adolescent/young adult (A/YA) PICU patients and 75 parents of PICU patients to elucidate perspectives on biorepository research. A/YAs had a positive attitude toward biobanking. In young adults, comprehension was higher for knowledge of a choice to withdraw and participate in the research and lower for purpose, procedures, risks, and benefits of participation...
October 2018: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
Sarah Warkentin, Laís Amaral Mais, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto de Aguiar CarrazedoTaddei
BACKGROUND: Eating habits formed in early childhood are influenced by parental feeding behaviors, warranting investigation of predictors and correlates of parent feeding. We aimed to describe relationships between parental feeding practices and parent and child characteristics in a sample of Brazilian preschoolers. METHODS: Four hundred and two parents of preschoolers enrolled in private schools of São Paulo and Campinas, Brazil, completed a Brazilian version of the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire, as well as questions about parental attitudes, child food intake, other obesity-associated behaviors, and socioeconomic and demographic characteristics...
June 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jill de Villiers, Chunyan Ning, Xueman Lucy Liu, Yi Wen Zhang, Fan Jiang
The comprehension of paired wh-questions is examined in child Mandarin, to compare the age of acquisition with that of children speaking European languages like English and German. In Study 1, participants were 734 Mandarin speakers aged 2;6-7;11, drawn from four regions of China. Results reveal a striking parallel between the acquisition of exhaustive answers in Mandarin and that in languages with wh-movement. The significant correlation with children's exhaustive interpretations of the universal quantifier every (dou) also parallels findings in English...
December 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Y Yang, J Y Gao, X Y Qian, Q Q Dai, Y F Jiang, Y Guan, X Gao
Objective: To study the auditory language ability of children with artificial cochlea after entering normal schools as well as the school life conditions and to evaluate the long-term comprehensive benefits of surgery on children along with their families. Method: The questionnaire was designed referring to the categories of auditory performance (CAP), the speech intelligibility rating (SIR), and family burden scale of diseases (FBS), with the questions involving four aspects of the general conditions, the auditory language ability, the school life conditions and the family conditions...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Stephen M Kanne, Laura Arnstein Carpenter, Zachary Warren
There are many available tools with varying levels of accuracy designed to screen for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in young children, both in the general population and specifically among those referred for developmental concerns. With burgeoning waitlists for comprehensive diagnostic ASD assessments, finding accurate methods and tools for advancing diagnostic triage becomes increasingly important. The current study compares the efficacy of four oft used paper and pencil measures, the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Revised with Follow-up, the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition, and the Social Communication Questionnaire, and the Child Behavior Checklist to a novel mobile-health screening tool developed by Cognoa, Inc...
July 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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