keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Varicella zoster complications

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061417/concurrent-hyphema-and-orbital-apex-syndrome-following-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-in-a-middle-aged-lady
#1
Khairuddin Othman, Li Min Evelyn-Tai, Mohd Noor Raja-Azmi, Muhammed Julieana, Ahmad Tajudin Liza-Sharmini, John Tharakan, Alwi Muhd Besari, Embong Zunaina, Ismail Shatriah
INTRODUCTION: Hyphema and orbital apex syndrome occurring concurrently in a patient with herpes zoster ophthalmicus have not been reported previously. We present a case with these unique findings and discuss the pathogenesis of these conditions and their management. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 59-year-old Malay lady with underlying diabetes mellitus presented with manifestations of zoster ophthalmicus in the left eye. Two weeks later, she developed total hyphema, and complete ophthalmoplegia suggestive of orbital apex syndrome...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005810/a-rare-patient-with-orbital-apex-syndrome-anterior-uveitis-and-necrotizing-scleritis-due-to-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#2
Erdinc Aydin, Melike Balikoglu-Yilmaz, Seher Saritepe Imre, Feray Koc, Levent Kazanci, Arif Taylan Ozturk
The purpose of this study was to describe a patient of orbital apex syndrome, anterior uveitis, secondary glaucoma, corneal dellen, and necrotizing scleritis following an attack of herpes zoster ophthalmicus, and the placement of a pericardial patch graft. A 64-year-old male patient with blepharoptosis of his right eye and multiple vesicles on the forehead, nose and cheeks, limitation on all gazes, blepharoptosis, and exophthalmia was eventually diagnosed with ophthalmic zona with orbital apex syndrome. After the treatment with systemic antiviral and steroid, there was complete recovery of the unilateral vesicular eruption, ophthalmoplegia, and ptosis at the third month follow-up...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938930/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-a-population-with-disseminated-herpes-zoster-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
M L Bollea-Garlatti, L A Bollea-Garlatti, A S Vacas, A C Torre, A M Kowalczuk, R L Galimberti, B L Ferreyro
INTRODUCTION: Shingles is the cutaneous expression of the reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus infection in sensory ganglia. It presents as vesicles in the corresponding dermatome. The condition is called disseminated herpes zoster (DHZ) when more than 2 contiguous dermatomes are affected, more than 20 vesicles are observed outside the initial dermatome, or involvement is systemic. DHZ is rare and most frequently occurs in immunocompromised patients. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology, predisposing factors, clinical presentation, laboratory findings, and clinical course of patients with DHZ, and to compare the findings in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients...
December 6, 2016: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911430/-clinical-presentations-of-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-diagnosis-and-therapy
#4
G M Chernakova, E A Kleshcheva, T B Semenova
: Approximately a quarter of the world's population at some point in life is at risk of developing shingles (Herpes Zoster). In 10-20% of cases the first branch of the trigeminal nerve gets involved (Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus, HZO). Ophthalmic complications of HZO are able to cause a significant reduction in visual function. AIM: To study and summarize clinical features of HZO (including the rate of complications and their nature) and to determine the relationship between clinical and laboratory data from these patients...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896784/ocular-involvement-associated-with-varicella-in-adults
#5
Salma Gargouri, Sana Khochtali, Sourour Zina, Molka Khairallah, Imen Zone-Abid, Imen Kaibi, Salim Ben Yahia, Jamel Feki, Moncef Khairallah
BACKGROUND: Varicella is a common infectious disease primarily of childhood that is usually benign and self-limited. It is, however, increasingly seen in adults who are at a higher risk of severe infection. Ocular complications of varicella are relatively uncommon and have been rarely described in adults. We describe herein five adults who developed ocular involvement in association with primary varicella-zoster virus infection. FINDINGS: Ocular manifestations included acute anterior uveitis in four eyes, with associated stromal keratitis in one of them, epithelial ulcerative keratitis in the two eyes of one patient, and acute retinal necrosis in one eye...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883372/a-case-of-transverse-myelitis-caused-by-varicella-zoster-virus-in-an-immunocompetent-older-patient
#6
Jeong Eun Lee, Shinwon Lee, Kye Hyung Kim, Hee Ryeong Jang, Young Joo Park, Jin Suk Kang, Sung Yong Han, Sun Hee Lee
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a human neurotropic alphaherpesvirus that causes chickenpox (varicella) in children. VZV reactivation may lead to neurological complications, including transverse myelitis. However, transverse myelitis caused by VZV reactivation is rare in immunocompetent patients. Herein, we report a case of transverse myelitis caused by VZV in an immunocompetent older patient, and confirmed this case by polymerase chain reaction. A 79-year-old woman visited our service with complaints of weakness in the right lower leg, generalized vesicular eruptions, and throbbing pain in the right flank for ten days...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880853/risk-of-stroke-after-herpes-zoster-evidence-from-a-german-self-controlled-case-series-study
#7
Tania Schink, Sigrid Behr, Kathrin Thöne, Hélène Bricout, Edeltraut Garbe
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by reactivation of the latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV). A severe complication of HZ is VZV vasculopathy which can result in ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. The aims of our study were to assess the risk of stroke after the onset of HZ and to investigate the roles of stroke subtype, HZ location and the time interval between HZ onset and stroke. METHODS: A self-controlled case-series study was performed on a cohort of patients with incident stroke recorded in the German Pharmacoepidemiological Research Database (GePaRD), which covers about 20 million persons throughout Germany...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835757/vaccine-strain-herpes-zoster-found-in-the-trigeminal-nerve-area-in-a-healthy-child-a-case-report
#8
Sayaka Iwasaki, Kouji Motokura, Yoshitaka Honda, Masamitsu Mikami, Daisuke Hata, Atsuko Hata
A previously healthy 2-year-old girl, vaccinated for varicella at 17 months, was admitted because of left-sided facial herpes zoster caused by vaccine-strain varicella-zoster virus (VZV). She recovered fully with no complication after intravenous treatment using acyclovir. Earlier reports have described that herpes zoster (HZ) rashes caused by vaccine-strain VZV tend to occur on the dermis corresponding to the skin area where the varicella vaccine was received. However, rashes appeared on this girl only in the trigeminal nerve area, which is unrelated to the vaccinated site...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795423/dysregulated-glycoprotein-b-mediated-cell-cell-fusion-disrupts-varicella-zoster-virus-and-host-gene-transcription-during-infection
#9
Stefan L Oliver, Edward Yang, Ann M Arvin
: The highly conserved herpesvirus glycoprotein complex gB/gH-gL mediates membrane fusion during virion entry and cell-cell fusion. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) characteristically forms multinucleated cells, or syncytia, during the infection of human tissues, but little is known about this process. The cytoplasmic domain of VZV gB (gBcyt) has been implicated in cell-cell fusion regulation because a gB[Y881F] substitution causes hyperfusion. gBcyt regulation is necessary for VZV pathogenesis, as the hyperfusogenic mutant gB[Y881F] is severely attenuated in human skin xenografts...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793120/aqueous-humor-polymerase-chain-reaction-in-uveitis-utility-and-safety
#10
Argyrios Chronopoulos, Daniel Roquelaure, Georges Souteyrand, Jörg Dieter Seebach, James Scott Schutz, Gabriele Thumann
BACKGROUND: To study the value and safety of aqueous humor polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis for Herpes simplex, varicella zoster, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus and Toxoplasma gondii in patients with uveitis. METHODS: Records of 45 consecutive patients with anterior and posterior uveitis who underwent AC paracentesis with PCR were reviewed. The main outcome measure was frequency of PCR positivity. Secondary outcomes were alteration of treatment, safety of paracentesis, and correlation of keratitic precipitates with PCR positivity, RESULTS: The overall PCR positivity was 48...
October 28, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780480/measles-mumps-rubella-and-vzv-importance-of-serological-testing-of-vaccine-preventable-diseases-in-young-adults-living-with-hiv-in-germany
#11
C Schwarze-Zander, R Draenert, C Lehmann, M Stecher, C Boesecke, S Sammet, J C Wasmuth, U Seybold, D Gillor, U Wieland, T Kümmerle, C P Strassburg, A Mankertz, A M Eis-Hübinger, G Jäger, G Fätkenheuer, J R Bogner, J K Rockstroh, J J Vehreschild
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection can cause serious diseases and complications in the HIV-positive population. Due to successful vaccination programmes measles, mumps and congenital rubella syndrome has become neglected in Germany. However, recent outbreaks of measles have occurred from import-associated cases. In this cross-sectional study the serostatus for MMR and VZV in 2013 HIV-positive adults from three different university outpatient clinics in Bonn (n = 544), Cologne (n = 995) and Munich (n = 474) was analysed...
January 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759349/cerebral-sinus-venous-thrombosis-as-a-rare-complication-of-primary-varicella-zoster-virus-infection
#12
K Gayathri, P K Ramalingam, Rpsp Santhakumar, B V Manjunath, N Karuppuswamy, B Vetriveran, S Selvamani, P Vishnuram, Kumar Natarajan
We present the case of a 23 year old with acute onset left hemiparesis and meningeal irritation, associated with recent history of chickenpox 15 days prior. Varicella-IgG and IgM was positive in the CSF and blood along with reduced serum/CSF ratios of VZV immunoglobulins. MRV showed thrombosis (CVT) of superior sagittal, transverse, right sigmoid sinuses with haemorrhagic infarct in right frontoparietal region. Patient responded well to intravenous heparin, Acyclovir and oral anticoagulant therapy.
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757380/concurrent-ramsay-hunt-syndrome-and-disseminated-herpes-zoster-in-a-patient-with-relapsed-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#13
Ishita Chen, Raymond B Fohtung, Hanadi Ajam Oughli, Robert Bauer, Caline Mattar, William G Powderly, Mark S Thoelke
Ramsay Hunt Syndrome (RHS) is a rare complication of latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection that can occur in immunocompetent host. It usually involves ipsilateral facial paralysis, ear pain and facial vesicles. Disseminated herpes zoster is another complication of VZV infection typically seen in immunocompromised hosts. We describe a patient with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who presented simultaneously with RHS and disseminated herpes zoster. While other complications have been documented to coexist with RHS, to our knowledge, this is the first reported case in the literature of concurrent RHS with disseminated herpes zoster...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753768/varicella-vaccination-of-children-with-leukemia-without-interruption-of-maintenance-therapy-a-danish-experience
#14
Lotte Møller Smedegaard, Anja Poulsen, Ines Ackerl Kristensen, Susanne Rosthøj, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Ulrikka Nygaard
BACKGROUND: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) can be fatal or cause severe complications in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This analysis set out to investigate the morbidity and mortality of VZV vaccination without interruption of maintenance therapy in children with ALL. METHODS: Files of 73 seronegative children with ALL were examined for data regarding VZV vaccination and infection, and long-term seroconversion was measured. Criteria before VZV vaccination were (1) seronegative, (2) in complete remission, (3) age ≥ 1...
November 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751970/varicella-zoster-virus-infections-in-pediatric-malignancy-patients-a-seven-year-analysis
#15
Mine Düzgöl, Gülcihan Özek, Nuri Bayram, Yeşim Oymak, Ahu Kara, Bengü Demirağ, Tuba Hilkay Karapınar, Yılmaz Ay, Canan Vergin, İlker Devrim
Primary varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection is a benign self-limited disease. In this study, we review our experience in focusing on the outcome and treatment of VZV infection in pediatric malignancy patients. During the study period, a total of 41 patients with pediatric malignancy had been hospitalized with the diagnosis of VZV infection. All the patients were treated with intravenous acyclovir for a median of 7 days (ranging from 5 to 21 days). The calculated attributable delay of chemotherapy due to VZV infections was 8 days (ranging from 2 to 60 days)...
December 1, 2016: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688444/a-prospective-study-of-herpes-zoster-in-children
#16
Bhumesh Kumar Katakam, Geeta Kiran, Udaya Kumar
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is a dermatomal viral infection, caused by reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV) that persists in the posterior root ganglion. HZ is uncommonly reported in immunocompetent children. It may be due to intrauterine VZV infection or secondary to postnatal exposure to VZV at an early age. AIMS: Our study was to review clinico-epidemiological data for HZ in children for early diagnosis and treatment to prevent complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted from January 2013 to December 2014...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671850/shedding-light-on-shingles-the-power-of-prevention
#17
Lawrence Herman, Myron J Levin, Susan Rehm
Shingles, or herpes zoster (HZ), is a common secondary infection caused by a reactivated varicella zoster virus (VZV). More than 95% of immunocompetent individuals aged at least 50 years are seropositive for VZV and are therefore at risk for developing HZ. Age-related increased incidence of HZ and its complications are thought to be related to the decline in cell-mediated immunity. Complications of HZ, which create a significant patient and economic burden, may be neurological, ophthalmological, dermatological, or visceral...
October 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670683/definition-and-management-of-varicella-zoster-virus-associated-meningoradiculitis-a-case-report
#18
Vincent Luisier, Lalensia Weber, Daniel Fishman, Gérard Praz, Joseph-André Ghika, Didier Genoud, Joelle Nsimire Chabwine
BACKGROUND: The varicella zoster virus affects the central or peripheral nervous systems upon reactivation, especially when cell-mediated immunity is impaired. Among varicella zoster virus-related neurological syndromes, meningoradiculitis is an ill-defined condition for which clear management guidelines are still lacking. Zoster paresis is usually considered to be a varicella zoster virus-peripheral nervous system complication and treated with oral antiviral therapy. Yet in the literature, the few reported cases of herpes zoster with mild cerebral spinal fluid inflammation were all considered meningoradiculitis and treated using intravenous antiviral drugs, despite absence of systemic signs of meningitis...
September 26, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627440/infectious-complications-during-tandem-high-dose-chemotherapy-and-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-children-with-high-risk-or-recurrent-solid-tumors
#19
Young Bae Choi, Eun Sang Yi, Ji-Man Kang, Ji Won Lee, Keon Hee Yoo, Yae-Jean Kim, Ki Woong Sung, Hong Hoe Koo
We retrospectively analyzed infectious complications during tandem high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (HDCT/auto-SCT) in children and adolescents with high-risk or recurrent solid tumors. A total of 324 patients underwent their first HDCT/auto-SCT between October 2004 and September 2014, and 283 of them proceeded to their second HDCT/auto-SCT (a total of 607 HDCT/auto-SCTs). During the early transplant period of 607 HDCT/auto-SCTs (from the beginning of HDCT to day 30 post-transplant), bacteremia, urinary tract infection (UTI), respiratory virus infection, and varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation occurred in 7...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588578/herpes-zoster-and-the-risk-for-stroke-in-patients-with-autoimmune-diseases
#20
L H Calabrese, F Xie, H Yun, K Winthrop, J W Baddley, C Calabrese, J R Curtis
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is an opportunistic infection caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV), and observed with increasing frequency in patients on immunosuppressive therapies. Prior literature has suggested that the risk of stroke may increase shortly after herpes zoster, but little is known about this association for patients with autoimmune (AI) diseases, who are at increased risk both for zoster and stroke. METHODS: Medicare data (2006-2013) was used to identify patients with autoimmune diseases...
September 2, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
keyword
keyword
108368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"