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Manual adjusting

Christine Lindström, Maria Rosvall, Martin Lindström
AIMS: To investigate if any differences in unmet healthcare needs between persons registered at public and private primary care providers exist in Skåne (southernmost Sweden). METHODS: The 2012 public health survey in Skåne was conducted with a postal questionnaire and included 28,029 respondents aged between 18 and 80 years. The study was cross-sectional. If the responder in the last three months had perceived oneself to be in need of medical care by a physician but did not seek it, this was used as a measure of unmet healthcare needs...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Trudy Mooren, Yoke Rabaia, Suzan Mitwalli, Relinde Reiffers, Rosemarijn Koenen, Marguerithe de Man
BACKGROUND: Families with a child who has a disability have extra difficulties, particularly when services are hard to reach or less available. In a collaborative project, the Institute of Community and Public Health, the Palestinian community-based rehabilitation programme, and international non-governmental organisations cooperated to share and develop expertise and knowledge on increasing families' resilience through establishing family groups. This contribution focuses on the use of the Multi-Family Approach (MFA) in a Palestinian context...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Hui Li, Miguel Castro, Pascal Haigron, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Vito Giovanni Ruggieri
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) procedures remain more complex and technically challenging compared to conventional full sternotomy surgery. This technique involves a restricted surgical field and a limited workspace, which is, at present, strictly reserved for the most experienced surgeons. The MIAVR clinical outcomes are strongly dependent on the appropriate choice of the thoracic incision. This work presents a decision support system to optimize, through an interactive visualization interface, the exposure of the target structure in a limited field of view...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Soufien Chikh, Cyril Garnier, Arnaud Faupin, Antonio Pinti, Samuel Boudet, Fairouz Azaiez, Eric Watelain
Arm-trunk coordination during the initiation of displacement in manual wheelchair is a complex task. The objective of this work is to study the arm-trunk coordination by measuring anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments. Nine healthy subjects participated in the study after being trained in manual wheelchair. They were asked to initiate a displacement in manual wheelchair in three directions (forward vs. left vs. right), with two speeds (spontaneous vs. maximum) and with two initial hand's positions (hands on thighs vs...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Hui Li, Fuli Wang, Hongru Li
This paper presents a control framework to identify the abnormal condition and make safe control scheme by fusing the related multi-source information based on the analysis of the abnormal exhausting condition in the electro-fused magnesia smelting process. For the abnormal condition identification, the case-based reasoning is used to infer the degree of the abnormal condition. When the similarity of the matched case doesn't exceed the set threshold, Bayesian network is used to infer the degree. For the safe control scheme, taking advantage of the idea of the remaining lifetime predicting, and the adjustment of the control variables is obtained...
March 14, 2018: ISA Transactions
Cliff C Kerr, Salvador Dura-Bernal, Tomasz G Smolinski, George L Chadderdon, David P Wilson
When standard optimization methods fail to find a satisfactory solution for a parameter fitting problem, a tempting recourse is to adjust parameters manually. While tedious, this approach can be surprisingly powerful in terms of achieving optimal or near-optimal solutions. This paper outlines an optimization algorithm, Adaptive Stochastic Descent (ASD), that has been designed to replicate the essential aspects of manual parameter fitting in an automated way. Specifically, ASD uses simple principles to form probabilistic assumptions about (a) which parameters have the greatest effect on the objective function, and (b) optimal step sizes for each parameter...
2018: PloS One
Natália Duarte, Susan L Hughes, Constança Paúl
Fit & Strong! is a physical activity/behavior change evidence-based intervention for persons with osteoarthritis (OA) that was developed and tested in USA. This article describes the development of a new culturally adapted Portuguese version of Fit & Strong!, reviews the methods used, and describes the new features of the Portuguese program. Six steps were implemented for the cultural adaptation: training the Portuguese research team, materials translation, needs assessment which includes literature review, focus group with older adults with lower extremity joint pain, interviews with experts about Fit & Strong! format and content, program instructor training, and pilot study and program implementation...
March 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the case of the non-surgical restoration of cervical lordosis in a patient suffering from chronic whiplash syndrome including chronic neck pain and daily headaches resulting from previous whiplash. [Subject and Methods] A 31 year old female presented with a chief complaint of chronic neck pain and headaches for 12 years, correlating temporally with a sustained whiplash. These symptoms were not significantly relieved by previous chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy. The patient had cervical hypolordosis and was treated with Chiropractic BioPhysics® protocol including extension exercises, manual adjustments and cervical extension traction designed to increase the cervical lordosis...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Wendy Si Hassen, Katia Castetbon, Sandrine Péneau, Christine Tichit, Anouar Nechba, Aurélie Lampuré, France Bellisle, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean
BACKGROUND: Few studies have specifically focused on demographic and socio-economic characteristics associated with snacking in adults, whereas their identification could be useful for defining effective public health measures. The aim of our study was to assess the associations of these factors with daily snacking behavior and its dietary quality. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 84,692 women and 23,491 men from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Occurrence of snacking, energy intake from snacks, snack nutrient, and energy densities were assessed using 24-h dietary records of weekdays at baseline...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Yoichi Takeuchi, Yoshie Ojima, Saeko Kagaya, Satoshi Aoki, Tasuku Nagasawa
BACKGROUND: Complications associated with diagnostic native percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) must be minimized. While life threatening major complications has been extensively investigated, there is little discussion regarding minor bleeding complications, such as a transient hypotension, which directly affect patients' quality of life. There is also little evidence supporting the need for conventional manual compression following PRB. Therefore, this study evaluated the relationship between minor and major complications incidence in patients following PRB with or without compression...
March 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Esther M C van Leijsen, H Bea Kuiperij, Iris Kersten, Mayra I Bergkamp, Ingeborg W M van Uden, Hugo Vanderstichele, Erik Stoops, Jurgen A H R Claassen, Ewoud J van Dijk, Frank-Erik de Leeuw, Marcel M Verbeek
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is a frequent pathology in aging and contributor to the development of dementia. Plasma Aβ (amyloid β) levels may be useful as early biomarker, but the role of plasma Aβ in SVD remains to be elucidated. We investigated the association of plasma Aβ levels with severity and progression of SVD markers. METHODS: We studied 487 participants from the RUN DMC study (Radboud University Nijmegen Diffusion Tensor and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Cohort) of whom 258 participants underwent 3 MRI assessments during 9 years...
March 14, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Jean K Mah, Jia Feng, Marni B Jacobs, Tina Duong, Kate Carroll, Katy de Valle, Cara L Carty, Lauren P Morgenroth, Michela Guglieri, Monique M Ryan, Paula R Clemens, Mathula Thangarajh, Richard Webster, Edward Smith, Anne M Connolly, Craig M McDonald, Peter Karachunski, Mar Tulinius, Amy Harper, Avital Cnaan, Yi-Wen Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate motor function associations with age, sex, and D4Z4 repeats among participants with early-onset facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) type 1 as defined by weakness onset before 10 years of age. METHODS: We collected standardized motor assessments, including manual muscle testing (MMT), quantitative muscle testing, functional motor evaluations, and clinical severity scores (CSSs), at 12 Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group centers...
March 14, 2018: Neurology
James B Lilleker, Axel C P Diederichsen, Søren Jacobsen, Mark Guy, Mark E Roberts, Jamie C Sergeant, Robert G Cooper, Louise P Diederichsen, Hector Chinoy
Objectives: Limitations in the methods available for identifying cardiac involvement and accurately quantifying disease activity in the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) may contribute to poor outcomes. We investigated the utility of different serum muscle damage markers [total creatine kinase (CK), cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI)] to address these issues. Methods: We assessed disease activity and cardiac involvement using the International Myositis Assessment and Clinical Studies Group core set measures in 123 participants with confirmed adult-onset IIM from the UK and Denmark...
March 12, 2018: Rheumatology
Eric W Schneider, Samuel C Fowler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) provides rapid, flow-based imaging of the retinal and choroidal vasculature in a noninvasive manner. This review contrasts this novel technique with conventional angiography and discusses its current uses and limitations in the management of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). RECENT FINDINGS: Initial work with OCT-A has focused on its ability to identify choriocapillaris flow alterations in dry AMD and to sensitively detect choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVs) in neovascular AMD...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
William E Cunningham, Robert E Weiss, Terry Nakazono, Mark A Malek, Steve J Shoptaw, Susan L Ettner, Nina T Harawa
Importance: Diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, linkage and retention in care, and adherence to antiretroviral therapy are steps in the care continuum enabling consistent viral suppression for people living with HIV, extending longevity and preventing further transmission. While incarcerated, people living with HIV receive antiretroviral therapy and achieve viral suppression more consistently than after they are released. No interventions have shown sustained viral suppression after jail release...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Isabelle Niedhammer, Thomas Lesuffleur, Géraldine Labarthe, Jean-François Chastang
BACKGROUND: Social inequalities in work injury have been observed but explanations are still missing. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the contribution of working conditions in the explanation of social inequalities in work injury in a national representative sample of employees. METHODS: The study was based on the cross-sectional sample of the national French survey SUMER 2010 including 46,962 employees, 26,883 men and 20,079 women. The number of work injuries within the last 12 months was studied as the outcome...
March 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
Lilian Padrón, Jorge Rezende Filho, Joffre Amim Junior, Sue Yazaki Sun, Rafael Cortés Charry, Izildinha Maestá, Kevin M Elias, Neil Horowitz, Antonio Braga, Ross S Berkowitz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate uterine evacuation of patients with molar pregnancy, comparing manual with electric vacuum aspiration. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with molar pregnancy followed at the Rio de Janeiro Trophoblastic Disease Center from January 2007 to December 2016. The individual primary study outcomes were incomplete uterine evacuation, uterine perforation, development of uterine synechia, and development of postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Lasse-Marius Honningsvåg, Asta Kristine Håberg, Knut Hagen, Kjell Arne Kvistad, Lars Jacob Stovner, Mattias Linde
Objective To examine the relationship between white matter hyperintensities and headache. Methods White matter hyperintensities burden was assessed semi-quantitatively using Fazekas and Scheltens scales, and by manual and automated volumetry of MRI in a sub-study of the general population-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT MRI). Using validated questionnaires, participants were categorized into four cross-sectional headache groups: Headache-free (n = 551), tension-type headache (n = 94), migraine (n = 91), and unclassified headache (n = 126)...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Li Hui, Xiao Li Yin, Jie Chen, Hong Liang Zhu, Guang Ya Zhang, Xiao Qiong Wang, Jia Hong Liu, Cheng Zhu, Dong Wu Xu, Xin Yu, Guang Zhong Yin
BACKGROUND: Elevated phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity is reported to be involved in the development of schizophrenia. Further study revealed an association between PLA2 groups XIIA (PLA2G12A) polymorphism and patients with schizophrenia in a northeast Chinese Han population. OBJECTIVE: This study will further examine whether PLA2G12A rs3087494 polymorphism is associated with patients with schizophrenia in a southern Chinese Han population. METHODS: This polymorphism was genotyped in 438 patients with schizophrenia (diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV) and 876 healthy controls using a case-control design...
March 11, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
Thomas A Berk, Matthew B Schlenker, Xavier Campos-Möller, Austin M Pereira, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
PURPOSE: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) has emerged as an alternative to manual cataract surgery (MCS) for corneal incision and capsulorhexis creation, as well as nuclear fragmentation. This study compares postoperative refractive and visual outcomes in eyes receiving MCS or FLACS. DESIGN: Single-center, comparative, retrospective cohort analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive eyes receiving FLACS and MCS from July 1, 2012, to July 31, 2015, at a single tertiary care center...
March 6, 2018: Ophthalmology
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