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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992476/health-and-religions-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-health-literature-related-to-abrahamic-religions-between-1975-and-2017
#1
Engin Şenel
Bibliometrics is a high-demand and fast-growing statistical area for the analysis of scientific literature in a certain field. Although religion and health (R&H) field has been a developing study area in recent years, only a few bibliometric studies have been published on the literature in R&H. In this study, we aimed to perform bibliometric analysis of the health literature related to the most populous Abrahamic religions during the period of 1975-2017 by using Web of Science database including WoS Collection Core Collection, Korean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index and SciELO Citation Index...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951203/anesthesiologists-as-perioperative-hospitalists-and-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-major-urologic-surgery-a-historical-prospective-comparative-effectiveness-study
#2
Gary Stier, Davinder Ramsingh, Ronak Raval, Gary Shih, Bryan Halverson, Briahnna Austin, Joseph Soo, Herbert Ruckle, Robert Martin
Background: Perioperative care has been identified as an area of wide variability in quality, with conflicting models, and involving multiple specialties. In 2014, the Loma Linda University Departments of Anesthesiology and Urology implemented a perioperative hospitalist service (PHS), consisting of anesthesiology-trained physicians, to co-manage patients for the entirety of their perioperative period. We hypothesized that implementation of this PHS model would result in an improvement in patient recovery...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786862/experimental-fluence-modulated-proton-computed-tomography-by-pencil-beam-scanning
#3
George Dedes, Robert P Johnson, Mark Pankuch, Nick Detrich, Willemijn M A Pols, Simon Rit, Reinhard W Schulte, Katia Parodi, Guillaume Landry
PURPOSE: This experimental study is aimed at demonstrating, using a simple cylindrical water phantom, the feasibility of fluence-modulated proton computed tomography (FMpCT) by pencil beam scanning (PBS) proton computed tomography (pCT). METHODS: The phase II pCT prototype of the Loma Linda U. and U. C. Santa Cruz was operated using the PBS beam line of the Northwestern Medicine Chicago Proton Center. A 20 × 10 grid of 1.37 cm full width half maximum pencil beams (PB) equally spaced by 1 cm was used to acquire 45 projections in step and shoot mode...
May 22, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739845/evidence-based-practice-knowledge-attitude-access-and-confidence-a-comparison-of-dental-hygiene-and-dental-students
#4
Victoria Santiago, Melissa Cardenas, Anne Laure Charles, Estefany Hernandez, Udochukwu Oyoyo, So Ran Kwon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether current educational strategies at a dental institution in the United States made a difference in dental hygiene (DNHY) and dental students' (D3) learning outcomes in the four domains of evidence-based practice (EBP), knowledge, attitude, accessing evidence, and confidence (KACE), following a 12-week research design course. Methods: All participants DNHY (n=19) and D3 (n=96) enrolled in the research design course at Loma Linda University completed a paper KACE survey distributed on the first day of class...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733543/disparities-in-breast-cancer-a-multi-institutional-comparative-analysis-focusing-on-american-hispanics
#5
Zeina Nahleh, Salman Otoukesh, Hamid Reza Mirshahidi, Anthony Loc Nguyen, Gayathri Nagaraj, Gehan Botrus, Nabeel Badri, Nabih Diab, Andres Alvarado, Luis A Sanchez, Alok K Dwivedi
Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer death in Hispanic/Latino women nationwide. Hispanic women are more likely to be presented with advanced disease and adverse prognosis subtypes. The aim of this study is to describe the clinico- pathological characteristics and disparities in breast cancer in this group at two tertiary care University-based medical centers. After IRB approval, Cancer registry was used to analyze the variables of 3441 patients with breast cancer diagnosed and treated consecutively at two large tertiary University based medical and cancer center database centers in El Paso, TX and Loma Linda, CA between 2005 and 2015...
June 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729813/a-two-center-validation-of-patient-does-not-follow-commands-and-three-other-simplified-measures-to-replace-the-glasgow-coma-scale-for-field-trauma-triage
#6
Emily Hopkins, Steven M Green, Michael Kiemeney, Jason S Haukoos
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital personnel worldwide calculate the 13-point Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score as a routine part of field trauma triage. We wish to independently validate a simpler binary assessment to replace the GCS for this task. METHODS: We analyzed trauma center registries from Loma Linda University Health (2003 to 2015) and Denver Health Medical Center (2009 to 2015) to compare the binary assessment "patient does not follow commands" (ie, GCS motor score <6) with GCS score less than or equal to 13 for the prediction of 5 trauma outcomes: emergency intubation, clinically significant brain injury, need for neurosurgical intervention, Injury Severity Score greater than 15, and mortality...
May 2, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720909/use-of-individual-pharmacokinetics-to-improve-time-to-therapeutic-vancomycin-trough-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#7
Calvin L Miller, S Alexander Winans, John J Veillette, Steven C Forland
OBJECTIVE: Optimization of vancomycin dosing is difficult in children, given rapid drug clearance and patient heterogeneity. We sought to evaluate the impact of dosing using individual pharmacokinetic parameters on time to goal trough concentration in pediatric oncology patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to assess vancomycin dosing in the pediatric oncology unit at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital between January 2013 and August 2013 (standard dosing group [SDG])...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712611/the-development-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#8
Don K Nakayama
Evolving from the development of heart-lung machines for open-heart surgery, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has reemerged as a rescue modality for patients with acute respiratory failure that cannot be supported by conventional modes of ventilation. The history of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation begins with the discovery of heparin, fundamental to the success of extracorporeal circulation and membrane lungs. Engineers and scientists created suitable artificial membranes that allowed gas exchange while keeping gas and blood phases separate...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702049/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-a-community-of-resilient-centenarians-and-seniors-implications-for-a-chronic-disease-prevention-framework
#9
Rhonda Spencer-Hwang, Xochitl Torres, Johanny Valladares, Marco Pasco-Rubio, Molly Dougherty, Wonha Kim
CONTEXT: Research has linked adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with chronic disease in adults and diminished life span. Adverse biological embedding of ACEs potentially occurs through inflammatory mechanisms; inflammatory marker alterations are identified as candidate biomarkers for mediating health consequences. Lifestyle practices of residents of California's Loma Linda Blue Zone, one of five worldwide longevity hotspots, may provide insight into inflammation remediation and chronic disease prevention...
March 11, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704835/high-prevalence-of-pulmonary-hypertension-complicates-the-care-of-infants-with-omphalocele
#10
Shandee Hutson, Joanne Baerg, Douglas Deming, Shawn D St Peter, Andrew Hopper, Donna A Goff
BACKGROUND: Omphalocele is one of the most common abdominal wall defects. Many newborn infants born with omphalocele present with significant respiratory distress at birth, requiring mechanical ventilatory support, and have clinical evidence of pulmonary hypertension. Little information exists on the prevalence of and risk factors associated with pulmonary hypertension in this cohort of infants. OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of and risk factors associated with pulmonary hypertension among infants with omphalocele...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657377/predictors-and-outcomes-of-delayed-plastic-biliary-stent-removal-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#11
Shawn J Kim, Edmond Ohanian, Frances Lee, Bryan Nam, Kendrick Che, Loren Laine, Sarah E Kim, John J Kim
OBJECTIVE: Plastic biliary stents are commonly placed during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and should be removed or replaced within 3 months to reduce the risk of stent obstruction. The aim of the study was to identify predictors and outcomes of patients who had delayed plastic biliary stent removal following ERCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who received ERCP with plastic biliary stent placement at Loma Linda University Medical Center (10/2004-6/2013) were identified...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479071/effectiveness-of-a-1-hour-extended-focused-assessment-with-sonography-in-trauma-session-in-the-medical-student-surgery-clerkship
#12
Cassandra Krause, Reed Krause, Raymond Krause, Nephtali Gomez, Zan Jafry, Vi Am Dinh
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effectiveness of incorporating 1 hour of ultrasound training on the extended focused assessment with sonography in trauma (eFAST) into the year-3 medical student surgical clerkship. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study where participants served as self-controls. One hour of instruction in the eFAST examination, along with 3 required observed examinations, was incorporated into the year-3 surgery clerkship. Effectiveness of the training was evaluated by a preliminary and posttraining assessment...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463761/preparing-nurses-to-intervene-in-the-tobacco-epidemic-developing-a-model-for-faculty-development-and-curriculum-redesign
#13
Anne Berit Petersen, Bonnie Meyer, Bonnie L Sachs, Stella A Bialous, Janine K Cataldo
As the largest group of health professionals, nurses have a tremendous potential to help curb the tobacco epidemic. However, studies conducted across a range of global settings continue to indicate that both practicing nurses and nursing student have limited knowledge, skills and confidence needed to implement evidence-based tobacco cessation interventions. A contributing factor is the limited inclusion of tobacco control content in nursing curricula. Additionally, there is limited understanding of nurse educators' knowledge and perceptions about teaching tobacco dependence content...
July 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454688/loma-linda-global-surgery-elective-first-1000-cases
#14
Dustin K Donley, Cassandra K Graybill, Arega Fekadu, Ryan A Hayton
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and volume of surgical cases being performed by US general surgery residents during a global surgery elective. DESIGN: Retrospective review of case logs from 2012 to 2016. SETTING: Malamulo Mission Hospital is a rural hospital in southern Malawi. PARTICIPANTS: Rotating residents from a US-based general surgery residency program. RESULTS: Residents performed 12 cases per week from a variety of surgical disciplines...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344184/arteriovenous-hybrid-graft-with-outflow-in-the-proximal-axillary-vein
#15
Allen G Murga, Jason Chiriano, Sharon C Kiang, Sheela Patel, Christian Bianchi, Ahmed M Abou-Zamzam, Theodore H Teruya
BACKGROUND: The patency of long-term hemodialysis access in end-stage renal disease patients remains a significant challenge. Often these patients are affected with limited venous outflow options, requiring limb abandonment, and creation of new access in the contralateral arm. Vascular surgeons are familiar with the exposure of the proximal axillary artery via an infraclavicular incision. The axillary vein is easily exposed through this technique. The use of the hybrid Gore graft can make the venous anastomosis easier...
July 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230415/targeting-translational-successes-through-cansort-sci-using-pet-dogs-to-identify-effective-treatments-for-spinal-cord-injury
#16
REVIEW
Sarah A Moore, Nicolas Granger, Natasha J Olby, Ingo Spitzbarth, Nick D Jeffery, Andrea Tipold, Yvette S Nout-Lomas, Ronaldo C da Costa, Veronika M Stein, Linda J Noble-Haeusslein, Andrew R Blight, Robert G Grossman, D Michele Basso, Jonathan M Levine
Translation of therapeutic interventions for spinal cord injury (SCI) from laboratory to clinic has been historically challenging, highlighting the need for robust models of injury that more closely mirror the human condition. The high prevalence of acute, naturally occurring SCI in pet dogs provides a unique opportunity to evaluate expeditiously promising interventions in a population of animals that receive diagnoses and treatment clinically in a manner similar to persons with SCI, while adhering to National Institutes of Health guidelines for scientific rigor and transparent reporting...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094862/software-platform-for-simulation-of-a-prototype-proton-ct-scanner
#17
Valentina Giacometti, Vladimir A Bashkirov, Pierluigi Piersimoni, Susanna Guatelli, Tia E Plautz, Hartmut F-W Sadrozinski, Robert P Johnson, Andriy Zatserklyaniy, Thomas Tessonnier, Katia Parodi, Anatoly B Rosenfeld, Reinhard W Schulte
PURPOSE: Proton computed tomography (pCT) is a promising imaging technique to substitute or at least complement x-ray CT for more accurate proton therapy treatment planning as it allows calculating directly proton relative stopping power from proton energy loss measurements. A proton CT scanner with a silicon-based particle tracking system and a five-stage scintillating energy detector has been completed. In parallel a modular software platform was developed to characterize the performance of the proposed pCT...
March 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048781/su-f-t-141-proton-dose-validation-in-a-phantom-beyond-trufill-n-bca-embolization-glue
#18
A Mandapaka, A Ghebremedhin, B Patyal, Loma Linda
PURPOSE: To validate the treatment planning system predicted proton dose beyond a heterogeneity (n-BCA glue) by making a measurement in a custom acrylic phantom. METHODS: A custom cubic acrylic phantom was designed for this experiment. A container was designed to fit in the phantom. This container was filled with TRUFILL™ n-Butyl Cyanoacrylate(n-BCA) glue. When the container was placed in the phantom, its center was at a distance of 7.4cm from the entrance. This depth allows us to make measurements around the center of modulation of a 126 MeV proton beam with a 3cm spread-out-Bragg peak...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047390/su-f-t-211-evaluation-of-a-dual-focusing-magnet-system-for-the-treatment-of-small-proton-targets
#19
T T Nguyen, G A McAuley, S Heczko, J Slater, A Wroe
PURPOSE: To investigate magnetic focusing for small volume proton targets using a doublet combination of quadrupole rare earth permanent magnet Halbach cylinder assemblies METHODS: Monte Carlo computer simulations were performed using the Geant4 toolkit to compare dose depositions of proton beams transported through two focusing magnets or in their absence. Proton beams with energies of 127 MeV and initial diameters of 5, 8 and 10 mm were delivered through two identical focusing magnets similar to those currently in experimental use at Loma Linda University Medical Center...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818559/operation-of-the-preclinical-head-scanner-for-proton-ct
#20
H F-W Sadrozinski, T Geoghegan, E Harvey, R P Johnson, T E Plautz, A Zatserklyaniy, V Bashkirov, R F Hurley, P Piersimoni, R W Schulte, P Karbasi, K E Schubert, B Schultze, V Giacometti
We report on the operation and performance tests of a preclinical head scanner developed for proton computed tomography (pCT). After extensive preclinical testing, pCT is intended to be employed in support of proton therapy treatment planning and pre-treatment verification in patients undergoing particle-beam therapy. In order to assess the performance of the scanner, we have performed CT scans with 200 MeV protons from both the synchrotron of the Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC) and the cyclotron of the Northwestern Medicine Chicago Proton Center (NMCPC)...
September 21, 2016: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
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