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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283267/the-lifestyle-medicine-outpatient-clinic-at-loma-linda-university-health
#1
Tonya Cramer, Brenda Rea
Medical management of chronic health concerns relies heavily on behavioral change, most specifically medication adherence. Yet approximately 50% of patients with chronic illnesses are not thought to take their medications as prescribed. Moreover, it is recognized that lifestyle and behavioral changes can reduce the need for medication. It is well documented that patient outcomes and their success in achieving behavioral change is improved with engagement and support from a medical care team. As the inpatient lifestyle medicine service was being conceptualized at Loma Linda University Health (LLUH), it became apparent that an outpatient service would be necessary for follow-up care of the patients and support the lifestyle medicine treatments initiated in the hospital...
September 2018: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283255/lifestyle-medicine-inpatient-consultation-services-at-loma-linda-university-health-a-novel-approach-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#2
Tonya Cramer, April Wilson, Brenda Rea
As a nation facing primary care provider shortages, an expanding chronic disease burden, and rising health care costs, lifestyle medicine interventions have become critical for patient care and management. The current fee-for-service health care system in the United States is designed for delivering acute care but has made it challenging to deliver and be reimbursed sufficiently for lifestyle interventions that can help prevent and treat chronic disease. Loma Linda University Health began to address these concerns through the creation of an inpatient consultation service for the neurology rehabilitation stroke team...
May 2018: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231466/effects-of-long-term-walnut-supplementation-on-body-weight-in-free-living-elderly-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Edward Bitok, Sujatha Rajaram, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Keiji Oda, Aleix Sala-Vila, Mercè Serra-Mir, Emilio Ros, Joan Sabaté
Objective : To assess the effects of chronic walnut consumption on body weight and adiposity in elderly individuals. Methods : The Walnuts and Healthy Aging study is a dual-center (Barcelona, Spain and Loma Linda University (LLU)), 2-year randomized parallel trial. This report concerns only the LLU cohort. Healthy elders (mean age 69 year, 67% women) were randomly assigned to walnut ( n = 183) or control diets ( n = 173). Subjects in the walnut group received packaged walnuts (28⁻56 g/day), equivalent to ≈15% of daily energy requirements, to incorporate into their habitual diet, while those in the control group abstained from walnuts...
September 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221014/the-global-influence-of-the-seventh-day-adventist-church-on-diet
#4
Jim E Banta, Jerry W Lee, Georgia Hodgkin, Zane Yi, Andrea Fanica, Joan Sabate
The emphasis on health ministry within the Seventh-day Adventist (SDA) movement led to the development of sanitariums in mid-nineteenth century America. These facilities, the most notable being in Battle Creek, Michigan, initiated the development of vegetarian foods, such as breakfast cereals and analogue meats. The SDA Church still operates a handful of food production facilities around the world. The first Battle Creek Sanitarium dietitian was co-founder of the American Dietetics Association which ultimately advocated a vegetarian diet...
September 2018: Religions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142043/supporting-the-writing-productivity-of-biomedical-graduate-students-an-integrated-structured-writing-intervention
#5
Susan A Gardner, Lorena M Salto, Matt L Riggs, Carlos A Casiano, Marino De Leon
Writing is a critical skill for graduate students, but few studies in the literature describe how it is supported in the training of biomedical graduate students. The Initiative for Maximizing Student Development program at Loma Linda University aims to develop this important skill in its students through an integrated, structured writing intervention. Specifically, the program hired a writing specialist who taught writing seminars, facilitated writing and publishing workshops, and mentored students in one-on-one writing conferences...
September 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122893/evaluation-of-anterior-capsular-contraction-syndrome-after-cataract-surgery-with-commonly-used-intraocular-lenses
#6
Matthew Hartman, Michael Rauser, Matthew Brucks, K V Chalam
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of anterior capsular contraction syndrome (ACCS) in cataract patients after implantation with one of two most commonly used hydrophobic acrylic lenses. Setting: This study included patients from Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA. Design: This study is a retrospective chart review. Methods: In this study, 1,047 eyes of 811 patients with and without known ACCS risk factors who underwent successful phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were included...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079789/augmented-reality-assisted-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-in-critically-ill-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-disease
#7
Anthony Gan, Avi Cohen, Laren Tan
Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy is a minimally invasive procedure performed for those who require prolonged mechanical ventilation. It is a procedure that is performed routinely at the bedside in the intensive care unit. Complications nonetheless still occur, and as a result, several technique modifications have been employed. At Loma Linda University Medical Center, we have implemented a novel technique using augmented reality during percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy placement in an attempt to minimize such complications...
August 5, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073253/dornase-alfa-ototoxic-effects-in-animals-and-efficacy-in-the-treatment-of-clogged-tympanostomy-tubes-in-children-a-preclinical-study-and-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Kenny H Chan, Gregory C Allen, Peggy E Kelley, Sven-Olrik Streubel, Norman R Friedman, Patricia Yoon, Dexiang Gao, Amanda G Ruiz, Timothy T K Jung
Importance: Many treatments for clogged tympanostomy tubes (TTs) have been proposed, but none have met scientific rigor for safety and efficacy, including the popular empirical use of ototopical antibiotic drops. Dornase alfa, a recombinant molecule with the unique property of cleaving DNA, may be ideal in treating clogged TTs because both middle-ear effusion and the plug are abundant with DNA. Objective: To investigate the ototoxic effects of dornase alfa in a chinchilla model and its efficacy in a clinical trial in children with clogged TTs...
September 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992476/health-and-religions-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-health-literature-related-to-abrahamic-religions-between-1975-and-2017
#9
Engin Şenel
Bibliometrics is a high-demand and fast-growing statistical area for the analysis of scientific literature in a certain field. Although religion and health (R&H) field has been a developing study area in recent years, only a few bibliometric studies have been published on the literature in R&H. In this study, we aimed to perform bibliometric analysis of the health literature related to the most populous Abrahamic religions during the period of 1975-2017 by using Web of Science database including WoS Collection Core Collection, Korean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index and SciELO Citation Index...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951203/anesthesiologists-as-perioperative-hospitalists-and-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-major-urologic-surgery-a-historical-prospective-comparative-effectiveness-study
#10
Gary Stier, Davinder Ramsingh, Ronak Raval, Gary Shih, Bryan Halverson, Briahnna Austin, Joseph Soo, Herbert Ruckle, Robert Martin
Background: Perioperative care has been identified as an area of wide variability in quality, with conflicting models, and involving multiple specialties. In 2014, the Loma Linda University Departments of Anesthesiology and Urology implemented a perioperative hospitalist service (PHS), consisting of anesthesiology-trained physicians, to co-manage patients for the entirety of their perioperative period. We hypothesized that implementation of this PHS model would result in an improvement in patient recovery...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786862/experimental-fluence-modulated-proton-computed-tomography-by-pencil-beam-scanning
#11
George Dedes, Robert P Johnson, Mark Pankuch, Nick Detrich, Willemijn M A Pols, Simon Rit, Reinhard W Schulte, Katia Parodi, Guillaume Landry
PURPOSE: This experimental study is aimed at demonstrating, using a simple cylindrical water phantom, the feasibility of fluence-modulated proton computed tomography (FMpCT) by pencil beam scanning (PBS) proton computed tomography (pCT). METHODS: The phase II pCT prototype of the Loma Linda U. and U. C. Santa Cruz was operated using the PBS beam line of the Northwestern Medicine Chicago Proton Center. A 20 × 10 grid of 1.37 cm full width half maximum pencil beams (PB) equally spaced by 1 cm was used to acquire 45 projections in step and shoot mode...
July 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739845/evidence-based-practice-knowledge-attitude-access-and-confidence-a-comparison-of-dental-hygiene-and-dental-students
#12
Victoria Santiago, Melissa Cardenas, Anne Laure Charles, Estefany Hernandez, Udochukwu Oyoyo, So Ran Kwon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether current educational strategies at a dental institution in the United States made a difference in dental hygiene (DNHY) and dental students' (D3) learning outcomes in the four domains of evidence-based practice (EBP), knowledge, attitude, accessing evidence, and confidence (KACE), following a 12-week research design course. Methods: All participants DNHY (n=19) and D3 (n=96) enrolled in the research design course at Loma Linda University completed a paper KACE survey distributed on the first day of class...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733543/disparities-in-breast-cancer-a-multi-institutional-comparative-analysis-focusing-on-american-hispanics
#13
Zeina Nahleh, Salman Otoukesh, Hamid Reza Mirshahidi, Anthony Loc Nguyen, Gayathri Nagaraj, Gehan Botrus, Nabeel Badri, Nabih Diab, Andres Alvarado, Luis A Sanchez, Alok K Dwivedi
Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer death in Hispanic/Latino women nationwide. Hispanic women are more likely to be presented with advanced disease and adverse prognosis subtypes. The aim of this study is to describe the clinico- pathological characteristics and disparities in breast cancer in this group at two tertiary care University-based medical centers. After IRB approval, Cancer registry was used to analyze the variables of 3441 patients with breast cancer diagnosed and treated consecutively at two large tertiary University based medical and cancer center database centers in El Paso, TX and Loma Linda, CA between 2005 and 2015...
June 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729813/a-two-center-validation-of-patient-does-not-follow-commands-and-three-other-simplified-measures-to-replace-the-glasgow-coma-scale-for-field-trauma-triage
#14
Emily Hopkins, Steven M Green, Michael Kiemeney, Jason S Haukoos
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital personnel worldwide calculate the 13-point Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score as a routine part of field trauma triage. We wish to independently validate a simpler binary assessment to replace the GCS for this task. METHODS: We analyzed trauma center registries from Loma Linda University Health (2003 to 2015) and Denver Health Medical Center (2009 to 2015) to compare the binary assessment "patient does not follow commands" (ie, GCS motor score <6) with GCS score less than or equal to 13 for the prediction of 5 trauma outcomes: emergency intubation, clinically significant brain injury, need for neurosurgical intervention, Injury Severity Score greater than 15, and mortality...
September 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720909/use-of-individual-pharmacokinetics-to-improve-time-to-therapeutic-vancomycin-trough-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#15
Calvin L Miller, S Alexander Winans, John J Veillette, Steven C Forland
OBJECTIVE: Optimization of vancomycin dosing is difficult in children, given rapid drug clearance and patient heterogeneity. We sought to evaluate the impact of dosing using individual pharmacokinetic parameters on time to goal trough concentration in pediatric oncology patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to assess vancomycin dosing in the pediatric oncology unit at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital between January 2013 and August 2013 (standard dosing group [SDG])...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712611/the-development-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#16
Don K Nakayama
Evolving from the development of heart-lung machines for open-heart surgery, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has reemerged as a rescue modality for patients with acute respiratory failure that cannot be supported by conventional modes of ventilation. The history of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation begins with the discovery of heparin, fundamental to the success of extracorporeal circulation and membrane lungs. Engineers and scientists created suitable artificial membranes that allowed gas exchange while keeping gas and blood phases separate...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702049/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-a-community-of-resilient-centenarians-and-seniors-implications-for-a-chronic-disease-prevention-framework
#17
Rhonda Spencer-Hwang, Xochitl Torres, Johanny Valladares, Marco Pasco-Rubio, Molly Dougherty, Wonha Kim
CONTEXT: Research has linked adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with chronic disease in adults and diminished life span. Adverse biological embedding of ACEs potentially occurs through inflammatory mechanisms; inflammatory marker alterations are identified as candidate biomarkers for mediating health consequences. Lifestyle practices of residents of California's Loma Linda Blue Zone, one of five worldwide longevity hotspots, may provide insight into inflammation remediation and chronic disease prevention...
March 11, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704835/high-prevalence-of-pulmonary-hypertension-complicates-the-care-of-infants-with-omphalocele
#18
Shandee Hutson, Joanne Baerg, Douglas Deming, Shawn D St Peter, Andrew Hopper, Donna A Goff
BACKGROUND: Omphalocele is one of the most common abdominal wall defects. Many newborn infants born with omphalocele present with significant respiratory distress at birth, requiring mechanical ventilatory support, and have clinical evidence of pulmonary hypertension. Little information exists on the prevalence of and risk factors associated with pulmonary hypertension in this cohort of infants. OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of and risk factors associated with pulmonary hypertension among infants with omphalocele...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657377/predictors-and-outcomes-of-delayed-plastic-biliary-stent-removal-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#19
Shawn J Kim, Edmond Ohanian, Frances Lee, Bryan Nam, Kendrick Che, Loren Laine, Sarah E Kim, John J Kim
OBJECTIVE: Plastic biliary stents are commonly placed during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and should be removed or replaced within 3 months to reduce the risk of stent obstruction. The aim of the study was to identify predictors and outcomes of patients who had delayed plastic biliary stent removal following ERCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who received ERCP with plastic biliary stent placement at Loma Linda University Medical Center (10/2004-6/2013) were identified...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479071/effectiveness-of-a-1-hour-extended-focused-assessment-with-sonography-in-trauma-session-in-the-medical-student-surgery-clerkship
#20
Cassandra Krause, Reed Krause, Raymond Krause, Nephtali Gomez, Zan Jafry, Vi Am Dinh
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effectiveness of incorporating 1 hour of ultrasound training on the extended focused assessment with sonography in trauma (eFAST) into the year-3 medical student surgical clerkship. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study where participants served as self-controls. One hour of instruction in the eFAST examination, along with 3 required observed examinations, was incorporated into the year-3 surgery clerkship. Effectiveness of the training was evaluated by a preliminary and posttraining assessment...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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