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chest radiography of hydropneumothorax

Jeffrey Albores, Tisha Wang
A 46-year-old woman with end-stage liver disease that was complicated by recurrent hepatic hydrothorax requiring multiple thoracenteses presented with breathlessness. Chest examination found no breath sounds on the right side. Radiography of the chest revealed a hydropneumothorax (Panel A; the..
May 7, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Liju Ahmed, Hugh Ip, Deepak Rao, Nishil Patel, Farinaz Noorzad
Malignant pleural effusions cause significant morbidity, but there is no gold standard minimally invasive treatment. A new therapeutic approach combines talc pleurodesis and indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) to enable outpatient management. This case series summarizes the safety and efficacy data of all patients (24) with a symptomatic malignant pleural effusion who underwent talc pleurodeses via IPCs between December 2010 and July 2013. Successful pleurodesis was achieved in 22 procedures (92%). There was one empyema, one hydropneumothorax, one recurrent effusion, and two minor complications: one drain site wound infection and one complaint of chest pain...
December 2014: Chest
O F Adeniyi, O Olusoji, M O Thomas, O A Oduwole, J K Renner
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) of the lung an entity which results from a harmatomatous proliferation of the bronchioles constitutes 25% of the all congenital lung anomalies. Majority of cases of CCAM usually present with respiratory distress from birth, while others may present with recurrent chest infections in childhood or in adulthood. Most reports on CCAM have been on caucasian children and the diagnosis of the condition appears to be challenging unless there is a high index of suspicion...
July 2012: Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine
Yan S Kim, Irawan Susanto, Catherine A Lazar, Ali Zarrinpar, Patricia Eshaghian, M Iain Smith, Ronald Busuttil, Tisha S Wang
BACKGROUND: Hepatic hydrothorax is a major pulmonary complication of liver disease occurring in up to 5-10% of patients with cirrhosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report four observations of the development of pneumothorax ex-vacuo or trapped lung in the setting of hepatic hydrothorax. The diagnosis of trapped lung was made based on the presence of a hydropneumothorax after evacuation of a longstanding hepatic hydrothorax with failure of the lung to re-expand after chest tube placement in three of the four cases...
December 17, 2012: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
N Houari, S Labib, M-A Berdai, M Harandou
This case report refers to a 21-year-old primigravida, who complained of dyspnoea and was noticed to have unusual swelling of the face and neck after home delivery. A diagnosis of subcutaneous emphysema was made and this was confirmed with the chest X-ray. Pneumomediastinum and hydropneumothorax were also detected. Uneventful recovery over three days followed conservative management.
September 2012: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
Marc A Bjurlin, Thomas O'Grady, Ronald Kim, Michael D Jordan, Sandra M Goble, Courtney M P Hollowell
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether routine postoperative chest radiography (CXR) is required after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the detection and possible management of hydropneumothorax. It is the standard for many urologists to obtain routine postoperative CXRs after PCNL to assess for hydropneumothorax. However, it has been our experience that in the few patients who develop hydropneumothorax, the CXR findings almost never affect the clinical management. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 214 PCNL procedures acquired from 2007 to 2010...
April 2012: Urology
Mohsen Sokouti, Massoud Nazemieh
A 26-year-old man presented with dyspnoea and pneumothorax diagnosed by chest radiography. He had previously presented with a massive right hydropneumothorax on his chest x ray 6 months ago, which was followed by 2 weeks of intercostal tube drainage resulting in a partial improvement of his symptoms. He was referred for a thoracoscopy to investigate the possible causes of the non-resolving pneumothorax, during which a large ruptured, crumpled hydatid cyst in the right pleural space, without empyema, was found...
2008: BMJ Case Reports
Chih-Hong Kao, Ti-Hei Wu, Tsai-Wang Huang, Shih-Chun Lee, Yeung-Leung Cheng
We describe a 69-year-old male who presented with high fever, progressive right chest pain and shortness of breath. A chest radiograph showed a right massive hydropneumothorax. After diagnostic assessment, an esophagomediastinal fistula complicated by squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus was subsequently confirmed. Clinical signs were significantly improved by chest tube insertion, antibiotic therapy and esophageal stent implantation.
March 2011: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Hendrik W P C van de Meerendonk, Noureddine Moumli
A 60-year-old man presented with chest pain and weight loss, starting after a period of vomiting. Contrast radiography of the esophagus revealed an esophageal-pleural fistula. The patient was successfully treated by stent placement.
2010: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
O I Oyinloye, M A N Adeboye, A A Abdulkarim, L O Abdur-Rahman, O A M Adesiyun
Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture (TDR) is rare in children and can be easily overlooked because of lack of awareness of late presentation and concomitant injuries. A 4-year-old girl presented with respiratory distress 2 months after a road traffic accident. The initial differential diagnosis was pneumonia or pulmonary tuberculosis with associated pleural effusion. On further assessment, a diaphragmatic hernia was suspected. The initial radiograph showed left hydropneumothorax. Fluoroscopy, follow-up chest radiographs and barium swallow confirmed the diagnosis of left TDR...
2010: Annals of Tropical Paediatrics
Tsutomu Tanijiri, Seibun Yonezu, Yoshitaro Torii, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Takashi Yokoi, Shirou Fukuhara
A 28-year-old man had a 1-year history of hemoptysis. Consequently, he underwent a medical examination. A right pleural effusion, left hydropneumothorax, and multiple pulmonary nodular shadows were found on chest radiography. During a detailed interview, he reported that the hemoptysis began after eating "kejang" (a raw crab preparation) with a friend a year previously. His peripheral blood eosinophil count and serum IgE level were elevated. In addition, ova were detected in the sputum and bilateral pleural effusion...
December 2009: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
M Ziadé, D Van Linthoudt, H-B Ris, A K-L So
Pulmonary involvement is the most frequent extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis. The occurrence of a chronic hydro-pneumo-thorax associated with pulmonary nodules is rare. Cavitation of the most superficial nodules and their rupture into the pleural cavity are most likely involved in this complication. The presence of broncho-pleural fistulae may be responsible for the persistence of the phenomenon in our patient.
October 22, 2008: Praxis
Shinya Inamoto, Yukako Hashimoto
A 72-year-old woman with deteriorated renal function underwent hemodialysis with a central venous double lumen catheter and was treated with predonisolone when diagnosed with MPO-ANCA associated rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. She developed a high fever. On hospital day 64, the central venous catheter was removed immediately, and VCM and RFP were started. On hospital day 70, chest CT showed multiple nodular cavitated lesions, and she was diagnosed as septic pulmonary embolism (SPE). Six days later, chest radiography showed asymptomatic right hydropneumothorax...
January 2008: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
M J Ciudad, N Santamaría, A Bustos, J Ferreirós, B Cabeza, A Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To show the presentation and imaging findings of catamenial pneumothorax. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the imaging tests (plain-film radiography, computed tomography [CT], magnetic resonance [MR]) performed in six women aged between 28 and 44 years with recurrent pneumothorax associated to menstruation. All patients underwent videothoracoscopic surgery and thoracotomy was necessary in three due to the recurrence of the pneumothorax. RESULTS: CT was performed in three cases and found pleural nodules in two; one of these was confirmed at MR...
July 2007: Radiología
Saâd Rifki Jai, Fatimazahra Bensardi, Ahmed Hizaz, Farid Chehab, Driss Khaiz, Abdelmajid Bouzidi
INTRODUCTION: Diaphragmatic hernia during pregnancy is uncommon and is usually traumatic in origin, epigastric pain, and vomiting could be the initial symptoms of herniation of gastrointestinal contents, with a risk of strangulation and ischaemia, leading to respiratory distress due to collapse of the lung. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 27-year-old woman, with undiagnosed traumatic diaphragmatic hernia who presented, at 32 weeks' gestation, epigastric pain, vomiting and tachycardia, immediate post-partum course was complicated by respiratory failure...
September 2007: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
A Reissig, C Kroegel
In order to answer the question, if transthoracic sonography may replace chest radiographs in diagnosing post-interventional pneumothorax/hydropneumothorax, this prospective study was conducted. A total of 100 patients (38 females, 62 males; median age 63 years), biopsy and 37 had an ultrasound-guided tube thoracostomy, were enrolled in the study. Transthoracic sonography was performed three hours after the intervention, followed by postero-anterior chest radiograph. One (1%) of the 100 patients developed a pneumothorax after transbronchial biopsy...
April 19, 2006: Praxis
S Venkateswaran, F K H Sze
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome. CLINICAL PICTURE: A previously healthy 36-year-old woman presented with a 2- to 3-month history of fever, cough, dyspnoea and sore throat, which had worsened in the week prior to presentation. Computed tomography of the thorax showed multiple bilateral cavitating lesions and a right-sided hydropneumothorax with mediastinal shift. Blood cultures grew Fusobacterium and Bacteroides species. TREATMENT: Broad-spectrum antibiotics were commenced, a chest drain was inserted, and the patient was transferred to the intensive care unit due to worsening respiratory failure...
August 2005: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Angelika Reissig, Claus Kroegel
OBJECTIVE: Transthoracic sonography (TS) has evolved as an important imaging technique for diagnosing pleural and pulmonary conditions. However, the value of TS in either excluding or diagnosing pneumothorax is still under debate. This study was conducted to examine whether TS could replace chest radiography for the diagnosis of post-interventional pneumothorax and hydropneumothorax. METHODS: 53 patients (21 females, 32 males; median age 64 years, range 37-94 years), 35 of whom underwent transbronchial biopsy (TBB) and 18 patients who had an ultrasound-guided chest tube placement (U-GCTP) were enrolled in the study...
March 2005: European Journal of Radiology
Kenneth Ogan, T Spark Corwin, Thomas Smith, Lori M Watumull, Mary Ann Mullican, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Margaret S Pearle
OBJECTIVES: Hydropneumothorax (HPTX) is recognized as a potential complication of percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL), particularly with supracostal access. Postoperative chest radiography (CXR) is routinely used to evaluate the chest after PCNL. We prospectively compared the sensitivity of intraoperative chest fluoroscopy with immediate postoperative portable CXR and postoperative day 1 chest computed tomography (CT) for the detection of pleural fluid. METHODS: A total of 89 consecutive patients (mean age 47...
December 2003: Urology
G Soldati, A Di Piero, L Bassani, A Di Vito, M Rossi
Spontaneous esophageal perforation (Boerhaave's syndrome) remains a difficult diagnostic and management problem with controversial recommendations regarding its treatment. The clinical manifestations of the disease are variable, and may be misleading, thus delaying accurate recognition. On the other hand, in view of the rapid onset of severe complications, particularly mediastinitis, a prompt diagnosis is essential to a better prognosis, successful operative outcome and potential survival. A case of spontaneous perforation of the thoracic esophagus penetrating the left pleural space treated within 4 hours from admission to the Emergency Room, with minimal surgical intervention is presented...
December 2000: Minerva Chirurgica
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