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prehabilitation and orthopedic

Jonathan H Waters, Peter Johnson, Mark H Yazer
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency without anemia has been associated with decreases in functional work capacity and fatigue. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency without anemia in a preoperative cohort of orthopedic patients and to determine if iron deficiency is a condition which warrants inclusion into a prehabilitation program prior to surgery. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients going through preoperative testing for total joint replacement were enrolled in the study...
January 10, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Alexander Franz, Fina Pauline Queitsch, Michael Behringer, Constantin Mayer, Rüdiger Krauspe, Christoph Zilkens
Osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the most commonly diagnosed joint ailments and responsible for increased rates of total knee arthroplasty surgeries worldwide. Whereas the surgical approach is able to diminish the perceived knee pain of concerned patients', the postoperative recovery is often accompanied by persistent skeletal muscle dysfunctions and atrophy, which is responsible for functional deficits for up to several years. Recent findings indicate that surgery induced adverse effects on skeletal muscles are largely associated with the use of pneumatic tourniquets, wherefore several studies try to reduce tourniquet use in orthopedic surgery...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Constantin Mayer, Alexander Franz, Jan-Frieder Harmsen, Fina Queitsch, Michael Behringer, Johannes Beckmann, Rüdiger Krauspe, Christoph Zilkens
PURPOSE: Advantages of tourniquet use in TKA include benefits for surgeons and patients, varying from a bloodless operation site to a reduced intervention time. The time under ischemia and the reperfusion period are crucial phases for affected soft-tissue, most commonly the extensor mechanism. CASE REPORTS: documented its impact on soft-tissue, ranging from necrotic muscle damage to systemic inflammation. Recently, research regarding tourniquet application patterns discuss clinical outcome parameters in the context of soft-tissue damage, excluding the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
C J Cabilan, Sonia Hines, Judy Munday
BACKGROUND: Major surgery can induce functional decline and pain, which can also have negative implications on health care utilization and quality of life. Prehabilitation is the process of optimizing physical functionality preoperatively to enable the individual to maintain a normal level of function during and after surgery. Prehabilitation training can be a combination of aerobic exercises, strength training, and functional task training to suit individual needs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of prehabilitation on physical functional status, health care utilization, quality of life, and pain after surgery...
January 2015: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Robert Topp, Ann M Swank, Peter M Quesada, John Nyland, Arthur Malkani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a preoperative exercise intervention on knee pain, functional ability, and quadriceps strength among patients with knee osteoarthritis before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery. DESIGN: A repeated-measures design was used to compare 2 groups over 4 data collection points. SETTING AND PATIENTS: Community-dwelling subjects with osteoarthritis of the knee who were scheduled for a unilateral TKA were recruited from a single orthopedic surgeon's office and were randomized into control (n = 28) or prehab groups (n = 26)...
August 2009: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
P Z Pearce
Great athletes may be born and not made, but I believe that there are many with great potential who succumb to noncontact injury through poor training habits, or as a result of correctable biomechanical imbalances. Preparing an athlete for sports requires medical and orthopedic evaluation, assessment of fitness for competition, and education in the principles of proper training. Because few individuals have access to a comprehensive sports medicine center, primary care physicians should familiarize themselves with the principles of prehabilitation to help young athletes prevent injury and realize their full potential...
May 2006: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Marcia M Ditmyer, Robert Topp, Matthew Pifer
By improving an individual's functional capacity through increased physical activity before an anticipated orthopaedic procedure, it seems reasonable to assume that the individual will maintain a higher level of functional ability and rebound more rapidly in the rehabilitation process. Prehabilitation is the process of enhancing functional capacity of the individual to enable him or her to withstand the stressor of inactivity associated with an orthopaedic procedure. A generic prehabilitation program incorporates the components of warm-up, a cardiovascular component, resistance training, flexibility training, and practicing functional tasks...
September 2002: Orthopaedic Nursing
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