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Zhuang Lu, Xiaofang He, Bingbing Ma, Lin Zhang, Jiaolong Li, Yun Jiang, Guanghong Zhou, Feng Gao
BACKGROUND: Chronic heat stress can induce oxidative impairment and decrease breast meat quality in broilers. Taurine is a β-amino acid with antioxidant properties. To investigate the alleviative effects and molecular mechanisms of taurine supplementation on breast meat quality in broilers exposed to chronic heat stress, 144 28-day-old chickens (Arbor Acres) were randomly distributed to thermoneutral (TN, 22°C, basal diet), heat stress (HS, consistent 32°C, basal diet), or heat stress + taurine (HS + T, consistent 32°C, basal diet + 5...
July 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
C Maria Magdalane, K Kaviyarasu, A Raja, M V Arularasu, Genene T Mola, Abdulgalim B Isaev, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, B Jeyaraj, J Kennedy, M Maaza
Cerium (IV) oxide (CeO2 ) is the most accessible noble rare earth metal oxide for the excitation of the excitons by light-harvesting performance. The present work is focused on Erbium doped ceria nanoparticles that were beneficially obtained by hydrothermal method from cerium nitrate and Erbium nitrate as precursors for decomposition of Rhodamine-B (RhB) dye in the polluted waste water removed from the industries. Dye removal efficiency of the catalyst was found to be nearly ~94%. The structural phases, functional groups and the transitions are identified with the help of various techniques...
August 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Aisha L Yusuf, Kazeem D Adeyemi, Karim Roselina, Abdul Razak Alimon, Yong M Goh, Anjas A Samsudin, Awis Q Sazili
The effects of dietary supplementation of different parts of Andrographis paniculata on fatty acids, lipid oxidation, microbiota and quality attributes of Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle in goats were assessed. Twenty four, entire Boer bucks (4 months old; 20.18 ± 0.19 kg BW) were randomly allotted to either a basal diet without additive (AP0), a basal diet + 1.5% Andrographis paniculata leaves (APL) or a basal diet + 1.5% Andrographis paniculata whole plant (APW). The bucks were fed the diets for 100 d and slaughtered...
September 2018: Food Research International
John C Frelka, David M Phinney, Xiangyu Yang, Michael V Knopp, Dennis R Heldman, Macdonald P Wick, Yael Vodovotz
BACKGROUND: Freezing/thawing meat can result in quality losses due to formation, melting, and reformation of ice. These changes in water state can result in alterations in texture, water holding, and other key quality attributes. It was hypothesized that MRI could quantify changes in mobility and localization of water as a function of freezing/thawing which could be correlated with quality measurements. RESULTS: Drip loss increased significantly for unbrined samples by over 100% after each freeze/thaw cycle (1...
July 12, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Alexandre Semionov, Rehana Jaffer, John Kosiuk
Melorheostos is a rare sclerosing bone dysplasia, characterized by cortical and medullary hyperostosis with typical "dripping candle wax" appearance, usually involving the long bones. Here, we present a case of melorheostosis of a rib, incidentally discovered in an asymptomatic adult patient.
August 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Orlando Garner, Ana Ramirez, Alfredo Iardino
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological disorder characterised by parieto-occipital vasogenic oedema seen on MRI. Infection and sepsis has been reported as a possible cause for this disorder.We present a 19-year-old immunocompetent Caucasian man with known type 1 diabetes mellitus who presented to the emergency department with acute onset of bilateral visual loss, headaches and hypertension; he had been discharged 2 weeks ago for severe diabetic ketoacidosis and Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia...
July 10, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Xujie Li, Derek Anderson, Bruce Rathgeber, Nancy McLean, Janice MacIsaac
Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a lysozyme product (InovapureTM) (LP) against E. coli penetrating eggshells. In the first microbiological experiment, 60 agar-filled eggs were inoculated with E. coli suspension, then fumigated with distilled water, 1.5% or 3.0% LP or a quaternary ammonium product (QA) at 0.125% for 10 min. In the second microbiological experiment, another 60 agar-filled eggs were fumigated with the same sanitizer treatments first, then inoculated with the E. coli suspension...
July 3, 2018: Poultry Science
Naomi Nakayama, Takashi Higashiguchi, Kozue Hanada, Akiko Maniwa, Yukiko Kanemoto, Hiroaki Sugiura, Yoshie Hara, Kentaro Nakayama
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Home-based medical care is rapidly expanding in Japanese health care settings. We aimed to clarify the implementation status of drip injection with peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) and the incidence of related complications. METHODS: We investigated the number of patients who required intravenous drip infusion therapy at home. We also examined the incidence rate of PVC-related complications and their statistical correlation with patients' characteristics...
July 6, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Bénédicte Lebret, Dolores I Batonon-Alavo, Marie-Hélène Perruchot, Yves Mercier, Florence Gondret
The effects of dietary methionine (Met) supplies above growth requirements on tissue biology and pork quality were studied. At 70 kg, 45 crossbred pigs were fed a control (CONT) diet adequate in Met (0.22% Met) up to 105 kg. For the last 14 days before slaughter, pigs were fed with the CONT diet or with diets where the Met level was increased to Met3 (0.66% Met) or Met5 (1.10% Met). Growth performance and carcass composition did not change with the treatment. Pigs fed the Met5 treatment displayed lower TBARS and higher glutathione levels (P ≤ ...
June 30, 2018: Meat Science
Mahdi Niknami, Mahdi Mirmohammadi, Azade Pezeshki
Objectives: Mucous retention pseudocyst (MRP) of the maxillary sinus is an incidental finding on radiographs. The radiographs taken for dental purposes provide an opportunity for dentists to recognize asymptomatic maxillary sinus anomalies. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MRP on panoramic and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) views and to evaluate the associated risk factors. Materials and Methods: In this study, 710 panoramic radiographs and 90 CBCT scans were examined with regard to the presence of MRP in the maxillary sinus during 2014-15...
March 2018: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tatsuya Ohtonari, Shinzo Ota, Takahiro Himeno, Nobuharu Nishihara, Michiyoshi Sato, Akio Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: The effects of large-volume epidural blood patch (EBP) remain unclear in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak patients. We report excellent outcomes from 15 consecutive CSF leak cases that underwent large-volume EBPs using an intravenous catheter from single lumbar entry point, together with outcomes from 4 patients who underwent direct surgical closure or drip-and-rest therapy at the same period. METHODS: Nineteen patients with idiopathic CSF leaks were enrolled in this study, since November 2011 (12 female; age: 43...
June 29, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ze Zeng, Yong-Jun Jiang, Xian-Fu Lü, Si-Bo Zeng, Liu-Chan Hu, Jia-Qi Lei
Geochemical indexes of drip water were monitored to unveil their seasonal variability and response mechanism to the external climate from March 2015 to March 2017 at four sites in Xueyu Cave, Chongqing municipality. The results showed that four drips show a significant difference in ion concentration and discharge despite all sites having simple HCO3 - -Ca2+ waters and being super-saturated with respect to calcite. Being subject to geochemical processes, such as bedrock dissolution, dilution, and prior calcite precipitation (PCP), the geochemistry indexes, such as Ca2+ , Mg2+ , HCO3 - , EC, pH, p CO2 , and SIc, at the four sites showed extraordinary seasonal variations and could perfectly respond to external climate events...
June 8, 2018: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
Sha Liang, Yan Yang, Na Zhang, Zhe Sun, Ping Zhang, Ning Tian, Xin-You Ling, Xiao-Min Ren
To explore the temporal and spatial variations and the process of trace element migration in the karst critical zone, continuous fixed-point monitoring and sampling analysis was applied to measure each cave system component, which includes rainfall, soils, bedrock, drip waters, and their aerial sediment. Approximately 650 experimental data were obtained from October 2009 to May 2015 in a typical karst critical zone in north China-an interactive zone of the Jiguan Cave in the west Henan Province. The variations in and the migration rules of Ca, Mg, Ba, Sr, and δ13 C as well as their ratios to different components were studied...
October 8, 2017: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
Satoru Fujii, Ray J Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Mignonne C Guy, Jacob Helt, Sherilyn Palafox, Kellie Green, Eric K Soule, Sarah F Maloney, Thomas Eissenberg, Pebbles Fagan
Introduction: Open electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) systems are customizable by consumers and often allow for potential "unorthodox" use of the product; that is, use not as intended by the manufacturer. Little is known about the types and prevalence of unorthodox uses and how these practices are transmitted via popular social media. Methods: Monthly searches of YouTube were conducted from June through November 2016 using the search terms: "e-cigarettes", "vaping", and "e-juice"...
June 28, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Muhammad Azharuddin, Maria Amanda Delacruz, Derek Baughman, Patton Chandler
This is a case of a 53-year-old male patient with a history of hypertension who developed sudden onset of right lower quadrant pain. On arrival, chest X-ray showed prominent aortic arch without cardiomegaly. CT of the abdomen/pelvis showed aortic dissection in descending aorta without rupture. CT of the chest displayed sparing of ascending and aortic arch. Ultrasound Doppler of the kidney displayed mild renal artery stenosis. Differential diagnosis was acute appendicitis, acute ureteric and severe gastroenteritis...
June 29, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Hai Zhu, Ruilin Duan, Xudong Wang, Juliang Yang, Jinhua Wang, Yu Huang, Fan Xia
Namib Desert beetles harvest water from harsh environments by using their hydrophilic-hydrophobic dorsal surfaces. Generally, Cassie-state superhydrophobic materials are chosen as substrates to prepare bioinspired (super)hydrophilic/(super)hydrophobic patterned surfaces. However, due to the low adhesion and strong repellency, aqueous solution cannot be directly set on Cassie superhydrophobic materials until the dropping volume is larger than 6.5 μL. Therefore, arranging a (super)hydrophilic substance on Cassie superhydrophobic substrates to construct (super)hydrophilic/superhydrophobic patterned surfaces still remains a challenge...
June 28, 2018: Nanoscale
Chao Wen, Yueping Chen, Zhixian Leng, Liren Ding, Tian Wang, Yanmin Zhou
BACKGROUD: In order to investigate the effects of dietary betaine on meat quality and oxidative status of broilers under heat stress (HS), a total of 144 Arbor Acres male broilers were randomly allocated to 3 groups with 6 replicates of 8 broilers per replicate from 21 to 42 days of age. The broilers in the control group were raised at 22°C and received a basal diet, and the broilers in the other two groups were raised at 34°C from 9:00 to 17:00 and at 22°C for the rest of time and fed a basal diet with or without 1000 mg kg-1 betaine...
June 27, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Wilson Mendoza, Dominick Mendola, Jang Kim, Charles Yarish, Alyssa Velloze, B Greg Mitchell
This work developed a laboratory prototype methodology for cost-effective, water-sparing drip-irrigation of seaweeds, as a model for larger-scale, on-land commercial units, which we envision as semi-automated, inexpensive polyethylene sheet-covered bow-framed greenhouses with sloping plastic covered floors, water-collecting sumps, and pumped recycling of culture media into overhead low-pressure drip emitters. Water droplets form on the continually wetted interior plastic surfaces of these types of greenhouses scattering incoming solar radiation to illuminate around and within the vertically-stacked culture platforms...
2018: PloS One
Jinpeng Li, Xuexin Xu, Gang Lin, Yunqi Wang, Yang Liu, Meng Zhang, Jinyao Zhou, Zhimin Wang, Yinghua Zhang
Water use efficiency (WUE) and nitrogen fertilizer use efficiency (NUE) of winter wheat are urgently needed to further improve in the North China Plain (NCP). In this study, a 3-year field experiment was conducted during the 2014-2017 growing seasons to clarify the effect of traditional flood irrigation (TI), surface drip irrigation (DI), and micro-sprinkling irrigation (MSI) on grain yield, WUE, and NUE of winter wheat. Across the 3 years, grain yield of DI and MSI improved by 9.79% and 14.1%, WUE of DI and MSI increased by 12...
June 22, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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