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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214706/growth-performance-carcass-traits-and-meat-quality-of-yellow-feathered-broilers-fed-graded-levels-of-alfalfa-meal-with-or-without-wheat
#1
Shouqun Jiang, Zhongyong Gou, Long Li, Xiajing Lin, Zongyong Jiang
The effects of 0, 40 and 80 g/kg alfalfa meal on growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of Chinese yellow-feathered broilers fed diets containing or lacking wheat (0 or 200 g/kg) as part of the energy source, were examined using random design with a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Dressing percentage and semi-eviscerated proportion were lower, and meat color a* (redness) value was higher in birds fed diets containing wheat than diets lacking wheat (P < 0.05). Drip loss was reduced by the addition of alfalfa meal to diets containing or lacking wheat (P < 0...
December 7, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212325/chronic-heat-stress-impairs-meat-quality-of-breast-muscle-in-broilers-through-affecting-redox-status-and-energy-substances-metabolism
#2
Zhuang Lu, Xiaofang He, Bingbing Ma, Lin Zhang, Jiaolong Li, Yun Jiang, Guanghong Zhou, Feng Gao
We investigated the molecular mechanisms of chronic heat stress impairing broilers breast meat quality. Broilers were assigned to three groups including normal control (NC) group, heat stress (HS) group and pair-fed (PF) group. After 7d of heat exposure (32°C), high temperature caused oxidative stress, and elevated the activity of citrate synthase (CS), mRNA expression of M-CPT1, and phosphorylation level of AMPKα, and reduced the mRNA expression of avUCP. After 14d of heat exposure, heat stress increased lightness and drip loss and decreased pH and shear force of breast meat...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209208/the-clinical-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-warfarin-when-combined-with-compound-danshen-a-case-study-for-combined-treatment-of-coronary-heart-diseases-with-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Chunxiao Lv, Changxiao Liu, Zhuhua Yao, Xiumei Gao, Lanjun Sun, Jia Liu, Haibo Song, Ziqiang Li, Xi Du, Jinxia Sun, Yanfen Li, Kui Ye, Ruihua Wang, Yuhong Huang
Warfarin is used as anticoagulant and Compound Danshen prescription (CDP) is able to promote blood circulation. The combination might produce a synergic effect for patients of coronary heart diseases (CHDs) with atrial fibrillation (AF). Whether the combination increases the bleeding risk of warfarin is unclear, so the effects of Compound Danshen dripping pill (CDDP) on the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) profiles of warfarin was investigated in patients. The dose and blood concentrations of warfarin, the four indicators of blood coagulation, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplatin time, thrombin time, fibrinogen, and international normalized ratio value were compared when with and without CDDP treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206442/fire-retardant-self-extinguishing-inorganic-polymer-composite-memory-foams
#4
Soumyajyoti Chatterjee, Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Guruswamy Kumaraswamy
Polymeric foams used in furniture and seating applications for automotives and aircraft rely on incorporation of environmentally hazardous fire retardant additives to meet fire safety norms. This has occasioned significant interest in novel approaches to the elimination of fire retardant additives. Foams based on polymer nanocomposites or based on fire retardant coatings show compromised mechanical performance and require additional processing steps. Here, we demonstrate a one-step preparation of a fire retardant ice-templated inorganic/polymer hybrid that does not incorporate fire retardant additives...
December 5, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206051/superchilling-of-muscle-foods-potential-alternative-for-chilling-and-freezing
#5
Rituparna Banerjee, Naveena Basappa Maheswarappa
Superchilling is an attractive technique for preservation of muscle foods which freezes part of the water and insulate the food products from temperature fluctuations thereby enhancing the shelf-life during storage, transportation and retailing. Superchilling process synergistically improves the product shelf-life when used in combination with vacuum or modified atmospheric packaging. The shelf-life of muscle foods was reported to be increased by 1.5 to 4.0 times relative to traditional chilling technique...
December 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205017/drip-and-ship-stroke-thrombolysis-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-healthcare-center-a-possibility-for-those-fallen-ill-in-rural-settings
#6
Joonas H Kauppila, Lasse Raatiniemi, Juha-Matti Isokangas, Matti Martikainen, Katja Piironen
Thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator is the mainstay in the treatment of acute stroke. Reducing the delay of thrombolysis treatment improves patient prognosis and reduces the incidence of complications. Variable telestroke regimens have improved the availability of stroke thrombolysis, especially in rural settings, where neurologists are not readily available. In the drip-and-ship strategy, stroke thrombolysis is initiated in a peripheral hospital and the patient is then transferred to a tertiary care unit...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201872/establishing-an-evaluation-mode-with-multiple-primary-outcomes-based-on-combination-of-diseases-and-symptoms-in-tcm-clinical-trials
#7
REVIEW
Jing Hu, Shuo Liu, Weihong Liu, Huina Zhang, Jing Chen, Hongcai Shang
The development of a scientific evaluation tool is a prerequisite to reflect the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). At present, separate analysis of each outcome is the most commonly used method in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TCM, while this method has been reported to have some limitations. Combination evaluation of multiple primary outcomes including diseases and symptoms can reflect the efficacy of TCM comprehensively and objectively. Now, several multivariate statistical methods have been proposed to analyze RCTs with multiple clinical outcomes...
November 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197765/physical-quality-attributes-of-male-and-female-wild-fallow-deer-dama-dama-muscles
#8
Donna-Mareè Cawthorn, Leon Brett Fitzhenry, Voster Muchenje, Daniel Bureš, Radim Kotrba, Louwrens C Hoffman
Physical meat quality measurements were conducted on the longissimus thoracis et lumborum, biceps femoris, semimembranosus, semitendinosus, infraspinatus and supraspinatus muscles from male (n=6) and female (n=6) fallow deer (Dama dama) harvested in South Africa. Ultimate pH (pHu), drip loss, cooking loss and shear force values were influenced (p≤0.05) by muscle, but not gender. Mean pHu readings were 5.4-5.6 in the muscles with the two forequarter muscles having the highest readings, while drip loss, cooking loss and shear force values ranged from 1...
November 27, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195944/fresh-produce-and-their-soils-accumulate-cyanotoxins-from-irrigation-water-implications-for-public-health-and-food-security
#9
Seungjun Lee, Xuewen Jiang, Manjunath Manubolu, Ken Riedl, Stuart A Ludsin, Jay F Martin, Jiyoung Lee
Microcystin (MC), a hepatotoxin that can adversely affect human health, has become more prevalent in freshwater ecosystems worldwide, owing to an increase in toxic cyanobacteria blooms. While consumption of water and fish are well-documented exposure pathways of MCs to humans, less is known about the potential transfer to humans through consumption of vegetables that have been irrigated with MC-contaminated water. Likewise, the impact of MC on the performance of food crops is understudied. To help fill these information gaps, we conducted a controlled laboratory experiment in which we exposed lettuce, carrots, and green beans to environmentally relevant concentrations of MC-LR (0, 1, 5, and 10μg/L) via two irrigation methods (drip and spray)...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192546/drip-infusion-cholangiography-with-ct-in-cats
#10
Toshiyuki Tanaka, Hideo Akiyoshi, Keiichiro Mie, Hitoshi Shimazaki, Fumihito Ohashi
Objectives Ultrasonography can detect extrahepatic biliary obstructions. However, visualisation of part of the bile duct using ultrasonography can be technically difficult if there is overlying bowel gas. This study investigated the safety and value of drip infusion cholangiography with computed tomography (DIC-CT) in the visualisation of the bile duct in healthy cats and extrahepatic biliary obstruction in cats with cholelithiasis. Methods DIC-CT was performed in three healthy cats and two cats with cholelithiasis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185484/memory-effect-behavior-with-respect-to-the-crystal-grain-size-in-the-organic-inorganic-hybrid-perovskite-nonvolatile-resistive-random-access-memory
#11
Jin Hyuck Heo, Dong Hee Shin, Sang Hwa Moon, Min Ho Lee, Do Hun Kim, Seol Hee Oh, William Jo, Sang Hyuk Im
The crystal grain size of CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite (OHP) film was controllable in the range from ~60 nm to ~600 nm by non-solvents inter-diffusion controlled crystallization process in dripping crystallization method for the formation of perovskite film. The MAPbI3 OHP non-volatile resistive random access memory with ~60 nm crystal grain size exhibited >0.1 TB/in2 storage capacity, >600 cycles endurance, >104 s data retention time, ~0.7 V set, and ~-0.61 V re-set bias voltage...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177737/immunoprecipitation-of-rna-dna-hybrids-from-budding-yeast
#12
Aziz El Hage, David Tollervey
During transcription, the nascent transcript behind an elongating RNA polymerase (RNAP) can invade the DNA duplex and hybridize with the complementary DNA template strand, generating a three-stranded "R-loop" structure, composed of an RNA:DNA duplex and an unpaired non-template DNA strand. R-loops can be strongly associated with actively transcribed loci by all RNAPs including the mitochondrial RNA polymerase (mtRNAP). In this chapter, we describe two protocols for the detection of RNA:DNA hybrids in living budding yeast cells, one that uses conventional chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP-qPCR) and one that uses DNA:RNA immunoprecipitation (DRIP-qPCR)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175766/estimation-of-pork-quality-in-live-pigs-using-biopsied-muscle-fibre-number-composition
#13
Jun-Mo Kim, Kyu-Sang Lim, Kyung-Bo Ko, Youn-Chul Ryu
Here, we newly provided the parameters for estimating meat quality in live pigs using the muscle biopsy. The biopsied longissimus thoracis muscle was used to identify the muscle fibre characteristics (MFCs). Of the various MFCs in biopsied muscle, muscle fibre number (MFN) composition showed the greatest correlation with the MFCs in postmortem muscle (P<0.001). Moreover, the pigs cluster groups, based on the biopsied MFN composition, demonstrated statistically significant differences in meat quality traits such as muscle pH, drip loss, and meat colour (P<0...
November 20, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175573/the-cost-effectiveness-of-post-operative-ketamine-in-chiari-decompression
#14
Michael M McDowell, Ahmad Alhourani, Beverly A Pearce-Smith, Anna Mazurkiewicz, Robert M Friedlander
INTRODUCTION: In Chiari I patients, post-operative pain and discomfort frequently slow the transition back to the home setting. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the effect of standardized ketamine infusion protocols on hospital length of stay. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed 100 consecutive adult patients undergoing Chiari I decompression. Fifty-nine patients were placed on a 2-3mg/hr ketamine drip until post-operative day one...
November 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174885/assessing-risk-factors-presentation-and-management-of-portomesenteric-vein-thrombosis-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#15
Rena C Moon, Muhammad Ghanem, Andre F Teixeira, Nestor De La Cruz-Munoz, Meredith K Young, Patrick Domkowski, Jason Radecke, Stephen G Boyce, Raul Rosenthal, Emmanuel Lo Menzo, David Gutierrez Blanco, David R Funes, Muhammad A Jawad
BACKGROUND: Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) is a rare complication of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. OBJECTIVES: To identify incidence, patient factors, diagnosis, and treatment of PMVT after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in a large administrative data registry. SETTING: Academic Hospitals and Private Practices, United States. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 5538 sleeve gastrectomy patients between January 1, 2008 and September 30, 2016 was performed at 5 bariatric centers in the United States...
October 26, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155875/effect-of-long-term-irrigation-patterns-on-phosphorus-forms-and-distribution-in-the-brown-soil-zone
#16
Chang Liu, Xiuli Dang, Melanie A Mayes, Leilei Chen, Yulong Zhang
Continuous application of P fertilizers under different irrigation patterns can change soil phosphorus (P) chemical behavior and increase soil P levels that are of environmental concern. To assess the effect of long-term different irrigation patterns on soil P fractions and availability, this study examined sequential changes in soil organic P and inorganic P from furrow irrigation (FI), surface drip irrigation (SUR), and subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) in the brown soil zone (0-60 cm) during 1998 to 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149778/the-changes-of-th17-treg-and-related-cytokines-il-17-il-23-il-10-and-tgf-%C3%AE-in-respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis-rat-model
#17
Meng Gao, Liang-Xiao Liu, Fu-Ling Wu, Xuejing Zhang, Ying-Ying Li, Tao Shi, De-Zhi Li, Ting-Ting Han
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of bronchiolitis and hospitalization that lead to high morbidity and mortality among young infants. T helper 17 (Th17) cells and regulatory T cells (Tregs) play essential roles in the pathogenesis of autoimmune, cancer, and inflammatory diseases. However, whether changes in T-cell subsets are related to the systemic immune responses in RSV-caused bronchiolitis merit further investigation. Three-week-old Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) and RSV bronchiolitis (RSV-B) groups...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147095/histochemical-characteristics-in-relation-to-meat-quality-traits-of-eight-major-muscles-from-hanwoo-steers
#18
Sung-Hyun Joo, Kyu-Won Lee, Young-Hwa Hwang, Seon-Tea Joo
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between composition of muscle fiber types and meat quality traits of eight major muscles from Hanwoo steers. Longissimus lumborum (LL), psoas major (PM), semimembranosus (SM), semitendinosus (ST), gluteus medius (GM), triceps brachii (TB), rectus abdominis (RA) and superficialis flexor (SF) muscles were obtained from 9 Hanwoo steers and subjected to histochemical analysis. There were significant (p<0.05) differences in fiber number percentage (FNP) and fiber area percentage (FAP) of fiber types among these 8 major muscles...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147092/meat-quality-traits-of-pigs-finished-on-food-waste
#19
Jihwan Choe, Knowledge M Moyo, Kibum Park, Jeongho Jeong, Haeun Kim, Yungsun Ryu, Jonggun Kim, Jun-Mo Kim, Sanghoon Lee, Gwang-Woong Go
Despite the benefits associated with the use of food waste (FW), there are mixed consumer perceptions regarding pork quality harvested from pigs fed FW. Twenty crossbred pigs were selected for the present study. Ten pigs were fed a conventional diet (control group), and the other 10 pigs were given a conventional diet and FW (FW group) during different growth stages. Meat quality in the FW group showed deteriorative qualities with higher lightness and yellowness synonymous to pale soft exudative meat. Drip loss in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146873/mobile-interventional-stroke-teams-lead-to-faster-treatment-times-for-thrombectomy-in-large-vessel-occlusion
#20
Daniel Wei, Thomas J Oxley, Dominic A Nistal, Justin R Mascitelli, Natalie Wilson, Laura Stein, John Liang, Lena M Turkheimer, Jacob R Morey, Claire Schwegel, Ahmed J Awad, Hazem Shoirah, Christopher P Kellner, Reade A De Leacy, Stephan A Mayer, Stanley Tuhrim, Srinivasan Paramasivam, J Mocco, Johanna T Fifi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endovascular recanalization treatment for acute ischemic stroke is a complex, time-sensitive intervention. Trip-and-treat is an interhospital service delivery model that has not previously been evaluated in the literature and consists of a shared mobile interventional stroke team that travels to primary stroke centers to provide on-site interventional capability. We compared treatment times between the trip-and-treat model and the traditional drip-and-ship model...
November 16, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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