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Junfeng Sun, Hua Qian, Xiaoguang Li, Xianling Tang
BACKGROUND: QishenYiqi Dripping Pill (QYDP) is a Chinese herbal medicine that originally was used for the treatment of coronary artery disease. Recently, QYDP was used as a complementary treatment for heart failure (HF) in China. METHODS: An HF rat model was used to clarify the possible therapeutic effects of QYDP on HF. The HF rats were allocated to two groups, HF and HF+QYDP, while normal rats served as a negative control. Cardiac functions were evaluated echocardiographically and hemodynamically...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
Hongzhe Jiang, Seung-Chul Yoon, Hong Zhuang, Wei Wang, Yi Yang
1. To evaluate the performance of visible and near-infrared (Vis/NIR) spectroscopic models for discriminating true pale, soft and exudative (PSE), normal and dark, firm and dry (DFD) broiler breast meat in different conditions of preprocessing methods, spectral ranges, characteristic wavelengths selection and water-holding capacity (WHC) indexes. 2. Quality attributes of 214 intact chicken fillets (pectoralis major), such as lightness (L*), pH, and WHC indicators including drip loss (DL), water gain (WG), and expressible fluid (EF) were measured...
August 16, 2017: British Poultry Science
Fangfang Bian, Yue-E Wu, Chong-Lin Zhang
The use of oxygen-driven aerosol inhalation therapy with budesonide (suspension) and terbutaline sulfate for the treatment of pediatric asthmatic bronchitis was studied. Sixty pediatric patients diagnosed with asthmatic bronchitis in Xuzhou Children's Hospital during the period comprising April 2013 to December 2015 were enrolled in the study. After randomly dividing the patients into a control (conventional dexamethasone drip) and a treatment group (inhalation of budesonide with terbutaline sulfate) of 30 patients each, the symptoms were treated using antibiotics when necessary...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
M Rodríguez, M D Carro, V Valiente, N Formoso-Rafferty, P G Rebollar
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with fish oil on growth performance (during all fatening period), carcass characteristics and fatty acid (FA) profile of muscle and fat tissues (at slaughter), as well as cecal fermentation and ileal mucosa morphology of growing rabbits (at 30, 45, and 60 d of age). Two isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets, only differing in their fat source, were formulated and provided each to 24 does (12 per diet) and their offspring during pregnancy and lactation...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
S Mauri, Á Guijarro, F Peña, V Domenech, C Avilés
1. The objective of this work was to determine the effect of slaughter age and stunning method on the quality of turkey meat from poultry processing plants. 2. One hundred B.U.T. Premium turkeys were divided into 4 groups of 25 animals according to slaughter age (15 or 17 weeks) and CO2 stunning procedure (G1 stepwise: step1: 30% CO2, 15 s; step 2: 55% CO2, 40 s; step 3: 70% CO2, 45 s; G2: progressive increase of the CO2 concentration at a rate of 0.8% per s for 100 s). The quality of the breast meat was determined in fillets taken at different post-mortem times...
August 14, 2017: British Poultry Science
Limeng Zhuo, Jingjing Peng, Yunli Zhao, Dongxiang Li, Xiuman Xie, Ling Tong, Zhiguo Yu
Traditional Chinese medicine consists of complex phytochemical constituents. Selecting appropriately analytical markers of traditional Chinese medicine is a critical step in quality control. Currently, the combination of fingerprinting and efficacy evaluation is considered as a useful method for screening active ingredients in complex mixtures. This study was designed to develop an orthogonal partial least squares model for screening bioactive quality control markers of QishenYiqi dripping pills based on the fingerprint-efficacy relationship...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Evandro Martins, Denis Poncelet, Ramila Cristiane Rodrigues, Denis Renard
In the first part of this article, it was described an innovative method of oil encapsulation from dripping-inverse gelation using W/O emulsions. It was noticed that the method of oil encapsulation was quite different depending on the emulsion type (W/O or O/W) used and that the emulsion structure (W/O or O/W) had a high impact on the dripping technique and the capsules characteristics. The objective of this article was to elucidate the differences between the dripping techniques using both emulsions and compare the capsules properties (mechanical resistance and release of actives)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Hujie Song, Xiao Chen, Yalan Yu, Ling Zhang
Persistent vegetative state (PVS) is a clinical condition wherein the cerebral cortex loses its function although brain stem function remains relatively intact. It has high mortality and disability rates. Although treatment for PVS is extensively studied in developed countries, little breakthrough has been made. In China, many PVS patients who were treated with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and acupuncture therapy were reported to have regained consciousness. In our department, we have been investigating TCM diagnosis and treatment methods for PVS for many years and have summarized a set of curative programs...
August 8, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
Jaehoon Ryu, Kisu Lee, Juyoung Yun, Haejun Yu, Jungsup Lee, Jyongsik Jang
Paintable carbon electrode-based perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are of particular interest due to their material and fabrication process costs, as well as their moisture stability. However, printing the carbon paste on the perovskite layer limits the quality of the interface between the perovskite layer and carbon electrode. Herein, an attempt to enhance the performance of the paintable carbon-based PSCs is made using a modified solvent dripping method that involves dripping of the carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which is dispersed in chlorobenzene solution...
August 7, 2017: Small
S Zhang, Q L Li, X D Jian, K Wang, Q Wu, Q L Xu, B J Gao, B Zhang
Objective: To investigate a mass incident of bromadiolone poisoning and analyze related clinical data. Methods: An investigation was performed for a mass incident of bromadiolone poisoning in a place in Shandong, China in December 2015, and related clinical data were analyzed and summarized. Results: This incident was a mass incident of bromadiolone poisoning caused by spreading poison. The poisoned patients had major clinical manifestations of bleeding and coagulation disorder and all of them were cured after comprehensive rescue, especially after intravenous drip of vitamin K1...
May 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Amanda Dahl, Radhika Dhamija, Alaa Al Nofal, Siobhan Pittock, Frederick Schwenk, Seema Kumar
Klinefelter syndrome is the most frequent chromosomal aneuploidy in males occurring in about 1 in 660 males. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated increased risk of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes in adults with Klinefelter syndrome. There is only one previous report of neonatal diabetes in a patient with Klinefelter syndrome. We report transient neonatal diabetes due to a pathogenic heterozygous variant in KCNJ11 in a male infant with Klinefelter syndrome. A 78 day old male infant was noted to have sustained hyperglycemia with serum glucose ranging between 148 mg/dL (8...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Pamela J Surkan, Kwame S Sakyi, Parul Christian, Sucheta Mehra, Alain Labrique, Hasmot Ali, Barkat Ullah, Lee Wu, Rolf Klemm, Mahbubur Rashid, Keith P West, Donna M Strobino
Objectives Depression following pregnancy is common, but its extent and association with maternal morbidity in the first 6 months postpartum have not been well described in low resource settings such as rural Bangladesh. Methods We used data from a population-based, community trial of approximately 39,000 married rural Bangladeshi women aged 13-44 between 2001 and 2007 to examine the relation between women's reported morbidity symptoms from childbirth to 3 months postpartum, and subsequent depressive symptoms assessed at 6 months postpartum...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Prashant Agrawal, Laurel Barnet, Daniel Attinger
Bloodstain pattern analysis considers stains on various porous and non-porous surfaces, for the purpose of crime scene reconstruction. On non-porous surfaces, several studies relate the impact conditions of drops to the inspection of stain shapes. Stains on porous surfaces like fabrics have been relatively less explored. The phenomenon of imbibition of blood into the fabric after impact adds further complexity in retrieving information on the impacting conditions. The present work studies experimentally and numerically the formation of drip stains on a woven fabric...
July 13, 2017: Forensic Science International
Dingqu Wang, Wei Xiong, Zhaoying Zhou, Rong Zhu, Xing Yang, Weihua Li, Yueyuan Jiang, Yajun Zhang
This paper presents a highly sensitive flow-rate sensor with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as sensing elements. The sensor uses micro-size centimeters long double-walled CNT (DWCNT) strands as hot-wires to sense fluid velocity. In the theoretical analysis, the sensitivity of the sensor is demonstrated to be positively related to the ratio of its surface. We assemble the flow sensor by suspending the DWCNT strand directly on two tungsten prongs and dripping a small amount of silver glue onto each contact between the DWCNT and the prongs...
August 1, 2017: Sensors
Joël D'Astous-Pagé, Claude Gariépy, Richard Blouin, Simon Cliche, Steve Méthot, Brian Sullivan, Frédéric Fortin, Marie-France Palin
Carnosine has pH-buffering and antioxidant properties that may bring advantages in terms of meat quality attributes. This study aimed at identifying polymorphisms in carnosine-related genes (CARNS1, SLC6A6, SLC15A3, SLC15A4) that might associate with muscle carnosine content and meat quality traits in pigs (Duroc, Landrace, Yorkshire). Twenty seven SNPs were identified and association analyses performed for SLC15A3 c.*35C>T and c.*52C>T (3' UTR region), and SLC15A4 c.658A>G (Ile220Val) and c.818G>A (Ser273Asn) SNPs...
July 26, 2017: Meat Science
Chiara Taffurelli, Alfonso Sollami, Carmen Camera, Francesca Federa, Annise Grandi, Marcella Marino, Tiziano Marrosu, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM:   The incidence of Healthcare Associated Infections (HAI) is an important indicator of the quality of care. The behaviors associated with the prevention of infections are not only supported by rational knowledge or motivation, but are mediated by social, emotional and often stereotyped behaviors. The awarness of the good practices related to HAI, may be a factor. Other studies, identify how the perception of the problem in healthcare professionals is often influenced by a tendency towards an external Locus of Control: the patient, the family, the other wards, other care settings...
July 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Tyler Fick, Julie Jack, Amy L Pyle-Eilola, Rohan K Henry
BACKGROUND: Severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) as well as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) are complications of type 1 diabetes (T1DM). HTG is an exceedingly rare complication in the pediatric population and herein we report a case of HTG at new-onset T1DM in DKA and discuss management and potential complications. CASE PRESENTATION: An 11-year-old previously well patient with a history of fatigue and weight loss presented with: glucose >600 mg/dL, venous blood gas: pH 7...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Cheng Zhang, Lei Yang, Xiaohui Zhao, Xingyong Chen, Li Wang, Zhaoyu Geng
BACKGROUND: The naturally occurring polyphenol resveratrol has been acknowledged with many beneficial biological effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of dietary resveratrol supplementation on meat quality, muscle antioxidative capacity and mitochondrial biogenesis of broilers. One hundred and eighty 21-d-old male Cobb broilers were randomly assigned to two groups and fed on a 0 mg kg(-1) or 400 mg kg(-1) resveratrol-supplemented diet for 21 d. Then, chickens were slaughtered and pectoralis major muscle (PM) samples were collected for analysis...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Paul Truman Harrell, Thomas Eissenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
Irina Timofte, Michael Terrin, Erik Barr, June Kim, Joseph Rinaldi, Nicholas Ladikos, Jay Menaker, Ali Tabatabai, Zachary Kon, Bartley Griffith, Richard Pierson, Si Pham, Aldo Iacono, Daniel Herr
PURPOSE: Sedation in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is challenging. Patients require deep sedation because of extremely high respiratory rates and increased work of breathing ("Drowning Syndrome") resulting in altered intra-thoracic pressure and reduced pump flow associated with hemodynamic compromise and decreased oxygenation. However, deep sedation impedes essential active rehabilitation with physical therapy. METHODS: We reviewed data on 3 ECMO patients for whom we used a novel approach to replace continuous drips with periodic sedation/paralysis...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
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