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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437775/effect-of-nitrification-inhibitors-on-mitigating-n2o-and-no-emissions-from-an-agricultural-field-under-drip-fertigation-in-the-north-china-plain
#1
Di Tian, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yizhen Zhou, Yujing Mu, Junfeng Liu, Chenglong Zhang, Pengfei Liu
N2O and NO emissions from a winter wheat-summer maize rotation field with five different treatments in the North China Plain (NCP) were comparably investigated from 8 October 2014 to 11 October 2015. Compared with the treatments with only flood or drip irrigation, evident emission peaks of N2O and NO from the fertilization treatments with flood irrigation (A-Flood) and with drip fertigation (A-Drip) were observed after each fertilization event, whereas their emissions from the fertilization treatments with nitrification inhibitors under drip fertigation (A+DCD-Drip and A+Nitrapyrin-Drip) were greatly suppressed...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431295/clove-and-rosemary-essential-oils-and-encapsuled-active-principles-eugenol-thymol-and-vanillin-blend-on-meat-quality-of-feedlot-finished-heifers
#2
Jéssica de Oliveira Monteschio, Kennyson Alves de Souza, Ana Carolina Pelaes Vital, Ana Guerrero, Maribel Velandia Valero, Emília Maria Barbosa Carvalho Kempinski, Vinícius Cunha Barcelos, Karina Favoreto Nascimento, Ivanor Nunes do Prado
Forty Nellore heifers were fed (73days) with different diets: with or without essential oils (clove and/or rosemary essential oil) and/or active principle blend (eugenol, thymol and vanillin). The pH, fat thickness, marbling, muscle area and water losses (thawing and drip) were evaluated 24h post mortem on the Longissimus thoracis, and the effects of aging (14days) was evaluated on the meat cooking losses, color, texture and lipid oxidation. Antioxidant activity was also evaluated. Treatments had no effect (P>0...
April 5, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431094/incidence-of-broiler-breast-myopathies-at-2-different-ages-and-its-impact-on-selected-raw-meat-quality-parameters
#3
V A Kuttappan, C M Owens, C Coon, B M Hargis, M Vazquez-Añon
White striping (WS) and woody breast (WB) are 2 poultry meat quality defects that affect the acceptance of raw breast fillets as well as properties of cooked and further processed products. The present study was intended to evaluate the incidence of these conditions in broilers at different ages and to compare the properties of fillets with different degrees of WS and WB. For this study, 1,920 birds were processed, at 6 and 9 wk of age, in a standard commercial inline processing system. After chilling, carcasses were deboned and butterfly fillets were collected and weighed...
April 18, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430024/cacao-phylloplane-the-first-battlefield-against-moniliophthora-perniciosa-the-causal-agent-of-witches-broom-disease
#4
Dayanne Silva Monteiro Almeida, Karina Peres Gramacho, Thyago H Santana Cardoso, Fabienne Micheli, Fátima Cerqueira Alvim, Carlos Priminho Priminho Pirovani
The phylloplane is the first contact surface between Theobroma cacao and the fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa, which causes witches' broom disease (WBD). We evaluated the index of short glandular trichomes (SGTs) in the cacao phylloplane and the effect of irrigation on the disease index of cacao genotypes with/without resistance to WBD, and identified proteins present in the phylloplane. The resistant and susceptible genotype CCN51 and Catongo presented a mean index of 1600 and 700 SGTs•cm-2, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427133/-effects-of-application-of-vancomycin-in-the-early-stage-of-patients-with-extremely-severe-burn
#5
Z Zhu, G W Cao, J J Bao, Z H Hu, Z Shen, H Tao, B Cao, F Xu
Objective: To evaluate the effects of application of vancomycin in the early stage of patients with extremely severe burn, in order to provide reference to drug for anti-infection treatment in the early stage of patients with extremely severe burn. Methods: Data of 15 patients of Kunshan explosion on August 2nd, 2014, admitted to the Department of Intensive Care in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical efficacy of continuously intravenous dripping of vancomycin (combined with imipenem) in the early stage of burns (before and on post burn day 14) was analyzed...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422845/response-to-benzodiazepines-and-the-clinical-course-in-malignant-catatonia-associated-with-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#6
Kazutaka Ohi, Aki Kuwata, Takamitsu Shimada, Toshiki Yasuyama, Yusuke Nitta, Takashi Uehara, Yasuhiro Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Malignant catatonia (MC) is a disorder consisting of catatonic symptoms, hyperthermia, autonomic instability, and altered mental status. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) caused by antipsychotics is considered a variant of MC. Benzodiazepine (BZD) medications are safe and effective treatments providing rapid relief from MC. This case study reports a detailed clinical course of a case of MC associated with schizophrenia initially diagnosed as NMS that responded successfully to BZDs but not to dantrolene...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419366/effect-of-methionine-supplementation-in-chicken-feed-on-the-quality-and-shelf-life-of-fresh-poultry-meat
#7
Antonia Albrecht, Ulrike Herbert, Dennis Miskel, Celine Heinemann, Carina Braun, Sophia Dohlen, Johanna O Zeitz, Klaus Eder, Behnam Saremi, Judith Kreyenschmidt
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of different methionine sources and concentrations on the quality and spoilage process of broiler meat. The trial was comprised of 7 treatment groups: one basal group (suboptimal in Methionine+Cysteine; i.e., 0.89, 0.74, 0.69% in DM SID Met+Cys in starter, grower, and finisher diets, respectively) and 3 doses (0.10, 0.25, and 0.40%) of either DL-Methionine (DLM) or DL-2-hydroxy-4-methylthio butanoic acid (DL-HMTBA) on an equimolar basis of the DLM-supplemented groups...
April 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419122/lauric-acid-as-feed-additive-an-approach-to-reducing-campylobacter-spp-in-broiler-meat
#8
Katrin Zeiger, Johanna Popp, André Becker, Julia Hankel, Christian Visscher, Guenter Klein, Diana Meemken
The increasing prevalence of Campylobacter spp. within broiler populations is a major problem for food safety and consumer protection worldwide. In vitro studies could already demonstrate that Campylobacter spp. are susceptible to lauric acid. The purpose of this study was to examine in vivo the influence of lauric acid as a feed additive on slaughter parameters, muscle fatty acid profile, meat quality traits and the reduction of Campylobacter coli in inoculated meat of Ross 308 (R308) and Hubbard JA 757 (HJA) broilers in three independent trials (n = 3)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418749/an-improved-technique-for-obtaining-well-spread-metaphases-from-plants-with-numerous-large-chromosomes
#9
J M Rodríguez-Domínguez, L L Ríos-Lara, E Tapia-Campos, R Barba-Gonzalez
Preparations that contain well-spread metaphase chromosomes are critical for plant cytogenetic analyses including chromosome counts, banding procedures, in situ hybridization, karyotyping and construction of ideograms. Chromosome spreading is difficult for plants with large and numerous chromosomes. We report here a technique for obtaining cytoplasm-free, well-spread metaphases from two Amaryllidaceae species: Sprekelia formosissima (2n = 120) and Hymenocallis howardii (2n = 96). The technique has three main steps: 1) pretreatment to cause chromosome condensation, 2) dripping onto tilted slides coated with a thin layer of pure acetic acid and 3) application of steam and acetic acid to produce cytoplasmic hydrolysis, which spreads the chromosomes...
2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416867/response-surface-optimization-of-low-fat-ice-cream-production-by-using-resistant-starch-and-maltodextrin-as-a-fat-replacing-agent
#10
Mojtaba Azari-Anpar, Morteza Khomeiri, Hamed Ghafouri-Oskuei, Narjes Aghajani
In this research, maltodextrin (0, 1 and 2% w/w) and resistant starch (0, 1 and 2% w/w) were used in the formulation of low-fat ice cream (4% fat) and their effects on the physicochemical and sensory properties were investigated. The optimum levels of maltodextrin and resistant starch were determined by response surface methodology. Increment of maltodextrin and resistant starch increased acidity, viscosity, melting rate, time of dripping and overrun but decreased melting rate of ice cream. Results showed that the incorporation of maltodextrin and resistant starch at 0 and 2% w/w respectively, resulted into ice cream with suitable viscosity, melting rate, first dripping time, overrun and acidity...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414683/recurrent-hypertriglyceridemic-pancreatitis-htgp-and-the-use-of-insulin-drip-as-treatment
#11
T Tran, N Lee
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pancreatitis by definition is a recurrent episode of acute pancreatitis and is commonly associated with alcoholism in the US. Another cause of chronic pancreatitis is hypertriglyceridemia (HTGP);, occurring in 1-5 percent of cases. The incidence of HTGP is higher in patients with diabetes and HIV, usually requiring triglyceride levels > 1000 mg/dL. CASE: A 33 year old man with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes and recurrent pancreatitis, first diagnosed 5 years prior, presented as a transfer from an outside hospital for a recurrent episode of HTGP...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397728/recommendations-on-the-clinical-use-of-compound-danshen-dripping-pills
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397057/clinical-application-analysis-of-andrographolide-total-ester-sulfonate-injection-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-licensed-in-china
#13
Ying Zhao, Pu Huang, Zhe Chen, Si-Wei Zheng, Jin-Yang Yu, Chen Shi
Andrographolide total ester sulfonate (ATES) injection is one of the products of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) currently used against viral infection in China. ATES injection was approved for manufacturing and marketing in January 2002. It is indicated for acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, influenza, foot and mouth disease, bronchiolitis, herpangina, mumps, infectious mononucleosis and psychosis. However, its usage also carries risk. We investigated the use of ATES at the Wuhan Union Hospital from January 2014 to December 2014 and evaluated its real-world clinical application using the hospital centralized monitoring method...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385215/a-green-approach-to-constructing-multilayered-nanocoating-for-flame-retardant-treatment-of-polyamide-66-fabric-from-chitosan-and-sodium-alginate
#14
Chanchal Kumar Kundu, Wei Wang, Shun Zhou, Xin Wang, Haibo Sheng, Ying Pan, Lei Song, Yuan Hu
Green polyelectrolytes including chitosan (CS), phytic acid (PA) and oxidized sodium alginate (OSA) were deposited on polyamide 66 (PA66) fabrics in a quadralayer (QL) fashion like (CS-PA-CS-OSA)n (where "n" denotes the number of quadra layers) via layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly to improve the flame retardant property. In the vertical burning test, the PA66 fabric with 10 and 15 QL depositions could stop the melt-dripping. Cone calorimetry results showed that a maximum reduction (24%) in the peak heat release rate was achieved for the PA66 fabric with 5 QL depositions...
June 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384355/modeling-the-future-of-irrigation-a-parametric-description-of-pressure-compensating-drip-irrigation-emitter-performance
#15
Pulkit Shamshery, Ruo-Qian Wang, Davis V Tran, Amos G Winter V
Drip irrigation is a means of distributing the exact amount of water a plant needs by dripping water directly onto the root zone. It can produce up to 90% more crops than rain-fed irrigation, and reduce water consumption by 70% compared to conventional flood irrigation. Drip irrigation may enable millions of poor farmers to rise out of poverty by growing more and higher value crops, while not contributing to overconsumption of water. Achieving this impact will require broadening the engineering knowledge required to design new, low-cost, low-power drip irrigation technology, particularly for poor, off-grid communities in developing countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380601/genome-wide-association-study-in-an-f2-duroc-x-pietrain-resource-population-for-economically-important-meat-quality-and-carcass-traits
#16
S Casiró, D Velez-Irizarry, C W Ernst, N E Raney, R O Bates, M G Charles, J P Steibel
Meat quality is essential for consumer acceptance, it ultimately impacts pork production profitability and it is subject to genetic control. The objective of this study was to map genomic regions associated with economically important meat quality and carcass traits. We performed a genome-wide association (GWA) analysis to map regions associated with 38 meat quality and carcass traits recorded for 948 F2 pigs from the Michigan State University Duroc × Pietrain resource population. The F0, F1, and 336 F2 pigs were genotyped with the Illumina Porcine SNP60 BeadChip, while the remaining F2 pigs were genotyped with the GeneSeek Genomic Profiler for Porcine Low Desnisty (LD) chip, and imputed with high accuracy ( = 0...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371894/effect-of-electrical-stunning-frequency-on-meat-quality-plasma-parameters-and-protein-solubility-of-broilers
#17
J C Huang, J Yang, B H Zhang, M Huang, K J Chen, X L Xu, G H Zhou
This study was designed to compare the effects of different stunning frequencies of pulsed direct current on meat quality of broilers. This was achieved by investigating plasma parameters, blood loss, carcass damage, meat water-holding capacity, meat color, meat shear value, muscle pH, and protein solubility. A total of 400 broilers was divided into 5 treatment groups and stunned with 500, 600, 700, 800, and 900 Hz at 15 V for 10 seconds. Blood samples were collected immediately after cutting the neck. Pectoralis major muscles were removed from the carcass after chilling and placed in ice...
March 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362410/evaluation-of-drug-sorption-to-pvc-and-non-pvc-based-tubes-in-administration-sets-using-a-pump
#18
Su-Eon Jin, Siwon You, Seungho Jeon, Hyo-Jin Byon, Sung-Joo Hwang
Administration sets are delivery tools for the direct application of drugs into the body and are composed of a spike, a drip chamber, tubes, Luer adapters (connectors), a needle cover for protection, and other accessories. Drug sorption to tubes of administration sets is a critical issue in terms of safety and efficacy. Although drug sorption is an important factor in the quality of an administration set, there are no standard evaluation methods for the regulation of drug sorption to the tubes. Here, we describe an evaluation protocol for drug sorption to tubes of administration sets...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358213/effect-of-nanoparticle-surfactants-on-the-break-up-of-free-falling-water-jets-during-continuous-processing-of-reconfigurable-structured-liquid-droplets
#19
Anju Toor, Brett A Helms, Thomas P Russell
Structured liquids, whose 3-D morphology can adapt and respond to external stimuli, represent a revolutionary materials platform for next-generation energy technologies, such as batteries, photovoltaics, and thermoelectrics. Structured liquids can be crafted by the jamming of interfacial assemblies of nanoparticle (NP) surfactants. Due to the interactions between functional groups on nanoparticles dispersed in one liquid and polymers having complementary end-functionality dissolved in a second immiscible fluid, the anchoring of a well-defined number of polymer chains onto the NPs leads to the formation of NP-surfactants that assemble at the interface and reduce the interfacial energy...
March 30, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355708/-effects-of-extract-of-ginkgo-biloba-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-electroencephalography-in-patients-with-delayed-encephalopathy-after-acute-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#20
Q M Xiao, H N Qi, W Z Wang, X Gao, B Y Zhu, Y J Liu, W Li, G Y Ma, P Wang, F Z Meng, X F Gao
Objective: To observe the effects of extract of Ginkgo biloba (Ginaton) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Methods: The 84 patients with delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning treated in our hospital from Jan. 2011 to Apr. 2016 were randomly divied into therapy group and observation group. The therapy group received routine treatments of hyperbaric oxygen, cure cerebral edema and promote brain cell metabolism, and observation group was given intravenous injection (intravenous drip) Ginaton 70 mg (adding 0...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
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