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Yoshie Ishikawa, Naoto Koshizaki
Pulsed laser melting in liquid (PLML) is a technique to fabricate submicrometer crystalline spherical particles of various materials by laser irradiation of suspended raw particles with random shapes. To fully exploit the unique features of PLML-fabricated particles (crystalline and spherical) in practice, a mass-production PLML technique is required. To this end, the present study develops a new slit nozzle that guides the suspension film flow into a non-droplet continuous stream with a low flow rate. These two incompatible flow properties (continuity and slowness) are difficult to be realized for a liquid jet to free space...
September 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ye Tian, Xiaoying Gao, Wei Hong, Miao Du, Pengju Pan, Jing Zhi Sun, Zi Liang Wu, Qiang Zheng
In a previous work (ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2017, 9, 34349-34355), a facile approach was reported to prepare thin hydrogel films based on the Marangoni effect. After dripping onto a water surface, a drop of ethanol solution of poly(stearyl acrylate-co-acrylic acid) (P(SA-co-AAc)) spread quickly to form a thin film. The solvent exchange from ethanol to water led to the gelation of polymer solution which turned into a hydrogel film. Here we investigate the scenario and seek for the governing kinetics of the Marangoni-effect-assisted preparation of hydrogel films...
September 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xuehui Cao, Fangfang Zhang, Danshi Zhu, Dongyu Zhao, Liping Liu
The aim of this work was to analyse the effect of different osmotic dehydration (OD) processes (sucrose, trehalose, glucose, lactose) as a pre-treatment for grape before exposure to freezing. The osmotic treatment had less effect on blueberry moisture content among different sugars. Impregnation with sugars decreases the freezing time of grapes, compared to untreated grapes. Trehalose and lactose had a remarkable effect on shortening the time for grapes to pass the zone of maximum crystallisation of ice. It was concluded that drip loss and electrolyte permeability of cell membranes decreased and the soluble solids content increased after osmotic dehydration treatment...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Texture Studies
Jess Rowland, Anna Kasdan, David Poeppel
While many techniques are known to music creators, the technique of repetition is one of the most commonly deployed. The mechanism by which repetition is effective as a music-making tool, however, is unknown. Building on the speech-to-song illusion (Deutsch, Henthorn, & Lapidis in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 129(4), 2245-2252, 2011), we explore a phenomenon in which perception of musical attributes are elicited from repeated, or "looped," auditory material usually perceived as nonmusical such as speech and environmental sounds...
September 20, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Sijia Yan, Hao Xiong, Fengmin Shao, Wen Zhang, Fanping Yang, Zheng Qi, Shengan Chen, Lin He, Menglin Jiang, Yu Su, Huizhong Zhu, Shengying Qin, Qinyuan Zhu, Xiaoqun Luo, Qinghe Xing
Xuesaitong (XST) is mainly used to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, sometimes causing cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) with unknown mechanisms of pathogenicity or risk factors. We aimed to verify whether human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles are associated with XST-related cADRs in Han Chinese population. We carried out an association study including 12 subjects with XST-induced cADRs, 283 controls, and 28 XST-tolerant subjects. Five out of 12 patients with XST-induced cADRs carried HLA-C*12:02, and all of them received XST via intravenous drip...
September 20, 2018: Pharmacogenomics Journal
Bjørn Tore Rotabakk, Gaute Lunde Melberg, Jørgen Lerfall
The effect of season, localization, filleting regime and storage on water-holding properties of Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L.) was investigated. Salmon was sampled at two different slaughter facilities (in the north and south of Norway) in autumn and spring and divided in pre- and post-rigor groups, which were sampled before and after filleting. This gave a total of 16 groups that were analyzed for water-holding capacity (WHC), water content and pH. In addition, a storage trial was performed to assess the effect of all the design variables on drip loss and the composition of the drip loss during up to 18 days of storage...
June 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Jianmin Gu, Jingxiao Wu, Cuihong Jin, Xiao Sun, Baipeng Yin, Guang Cong Zhang, Bin Wen, Faming Gao
Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite nanowires have received considerable attention for applications in optoelectronic fields; however, practical implementation of perovskite nanowires into optoelectronic devices is often hindered by low product yields, scaled-up synthesis, or overall lack of synthetic control. Herein, we report novel insights into large-scale freestanding lead halide perovskite nanowires using a series of solvent effects. A facile pathway for converting layered raw materials to nanowires with high conversion yields can facilitate the large-scale applications of nanowires, which could help us understand the unique aspects of the formation chemistry of the materials...
September 13, 2018: Nanoscale
Amogelang R P Disetlhe, Upenyu Marume, Victor Malambo, Arno Hugo
Objective: This study was conducted to assess the effect of potassium humate and enzymes (Xylanase + Amylase + Protease) inclusions in diets on carcass characteristics, meat quality and fatty acid profiles of broilers fed canola-based diets. Methods: Two hundred and twenty broilers randomly allotted to 5 dietary treatments: the control (commercial broiler diet); CM (17.5 % canola meal inclusion); CMEnz (17.5% CM inclusion + 0.3 g/kg Axtra XAP); CMPh (17.5% CM inclusion + 1...
September 13, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
J Żochowska-Kujawska, M Kotowicz, M Sobczak, K Lachowicz, J Wójcik
The present study investigated the possible differences in carcass composition as well as texture, structure and percentage of different muscle types of the most valuable muscles (BF - biceps femoris, SM - semimembranosus, and L - longissimus) from fallow deer (Dama dama L.) bucks shot in the forest farm in north-western Poland at four different ages: 18, 30, 42 and 54 months. It was found that carcasses of young fallow deer (18-30 months), compared to older animals, were characterised by a higher dressing proportion, a higher percentage of the most valuable commercial cuts (the saddle, haunch and shoulder), high meat yield with the lowest percentage of bones and a lower percentage of skin and head...
August 29, 2018: Meat Science
Jaividhya Dasarathy, Simranjit Gill, Joel Willis, Christine Alexander
A 39-year-old male presented to the ED with a 2-day history of fever (Temperature-Maximum 39°C), nonbloody productive cough, and worsening right-sided pleuritic chest pain. The patient denied shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sinus symptoms, and abdominal pain. His medical history included type 2 diabetes mellitus (glycated hemoglobin, 11.1), hyperlipidemia, and depression. He smoked marijuana but denied tobacco or illicit drug use. He reported no recent travels. He reported a 1-week history of left molar pain that began after he siphoned stagnant water with a straw from a refrigerator drip pan...
September 2018: Chest
Jessalyn K Holodinsky, Tyler S Williamson, Andrew M Demchuk, Henry Zhao, Luke Zhu, Michael J Francis, Mayank Goyal, Michael D Hill, Noreen Kamal
Importance: Ischemic stroke with large-vessel occlusion can be treated with alteplase and/or endovascular therapy; however, the administration of each treatment is time sensitive. Objective: To identify the optimal triage and transport strategy: direct to the endovascular center (mothership) or immediate alteplase treatment followed by transfer to the endovascular center (drip and ship), for all patients with suspected large-vessel occlusion stroke. Design Setting, and Participants: This was a theoretical, conditional probability modeling study...
September 4, 2018: JAMA Neurology
Maximilian L Eggersdorfer, Hansjörg Seybold, Alessandro Ofner, David A Weitz, André R Studart
The formation of droplets is ubiquitous in many natural and industrial processes and has reached an unprecedented level of control with the emergence of milli- and microfluidics. Although important insight into the mechanisms of droplet formation has been gained over the past decades, a sound understanding of the physics underlying this phenomenon and the effect of the fluid's flow and wetting properties on the droplet size and production rate is still missing, especially for the widely applied method of step emulsification...
September 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Borwen You, Ching-Yu Chen, Chin-Ping Yu, Pei-Hwa Wang, Ja-Yu Lu
A multilayered water-skin model is used to experimentally verify a new sensing method for determining the skin penetration depth of radiation with 0.1-0.9 terahertz (THz) frequencies. A water overlayer is dripped on a skin sample to form a multilayered structure for dynamically measuring the reflected THz-wave amplitude during water desorption. Skin penetration depths can be successfully derived by using the multilayered water-skin model and by considering the measured reflectivity, water dielectric constants, and effective thicknesses of the water overlayer on the skin sample...
September 3, 2018: Optics Express
Jian Hui Ma, Xu Hong Ye, Chang Dong Han, Dan Lei Wang, Yu Ling Zhang, Na Yu, Hong Tao Zou, Yu Long Zhang
Irrigation is the main source of soil water in greenhouse. There is a lack of understanding on the effects of drip irrigation under the plastic film on the distribution characteristics of soil nutrients, enzyme activity and glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP) in soil aggregates. The effects of different irrigation low limits (20 kPa, D20 ; 30 kPa, D30 ; 40 kPa, D40 ) on soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), urease activity, invertase activity and GRSP in soil aggregates were investigated under the greenhouse with the continuously six years' irrigation...
August 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Paola A Deligios, Anna Paola Chergia, Gavino Sanna, Stefania Solinas, Giuseppe Todde, Luis Narvarte, Luigi Ledda
The setting up of innovative irrigation water management might contribute to the mitigation of negative issues related to climate change. Our hypothesis was that globe artichoke irrigated with a traditionally drip system could be converted to an innovative water management system based on precision irrigation techniques and on evaporative cooling application in order to improve crop physiological status with positive impacts on earliness, total heads yield and water saving. Over two experiments carried out at plot- and field-scale, two irrigation management systems, differing in type and application time, were compared: (i) conventional, and (ii) canopy-cooling...
August 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Zehao Pan, Yongfan Men, Satyajyoti Senapati, Hsueh-Chia Chang
We report a new immersed alternating current (AC) electrospray droplet generation method that can generate monodispersed water-in-oil droplets, with diameters ranging from 5  μ m to 150  μ m, in a stationary oil phase. This method offers high through-put, easy size tuning, and droplets with a viscous aqueous phase at high ionic strengths (raw physiological samples). Yet, it does not require coordinated flows of the dispersed/continuous phases or even a microfluidic chip. The design relies on a small constant back pressure (less than 0...
July 2018: Biomicrofluidics
Jiaolong Li, Lin Zhang, Yanan Fu, Yanjiao Li, Yun Jiang, Guanghong Zhou, Feng Gao
This study aimed to investigate the effects of creatine monohydrate (CMH) and guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) supplementation on the growth performance, meat quality, and creatine metabolism of finishing pigs. The pigs were randomly allocated to three treatment groups: the control group, CMH group, and GAA group. In comparison to the control group, CMH treatment increased average daily feed intake and GAA treatment increased average daily feed intake and average daily gain of pigs. In addition, CMH and GAA treatment increased pH45 min , myofibrillar protein solubility, and calpain 1 mRNA expression level and decreased the drip loss and shear force value in longissimus dorsi or semitendinosus muscle...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Karun Badwal, Tooba Tariq, Diane Peirce
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are a class of medications used for glycemic control in type II diabetes mellitus. Their mechanism of action involves preventing resorption of glucose at the proximal kidney, thereby promoting glucosuria and weight loss. However, they have also been found to be associated with euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (euDKA). This case describes a 25-year-old male with a history of type II diabetes on metformin, sitagliptin, and dapagliflozin who was admitted with his third episode of pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia...
2018: Case Reports in Endocrinology
Wen-Hui Rao, Wang Liao, Han Wang, Hai-Bo Zhao, Yu-Zhong Wang
In this manuscript, flame-retardant and smoke-suppressant flexible polyurethane foams (FPUFs) were designed and synthesized based on novel liquid phosphorus-containing polyol named as PDEO and expandable graphite (EG). The reactive PDEO can be chemically added into the chain of FPUF, while expandable graphite was blended into the matrix of foam through foaming process. Benefitting from the incorporation of reactive PDEO with a long chain, the resultant FPUF containing EG exhibited considerable mechanical properties...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Sajid Maqsood, Kusaimah Manheem, Asir Gani, Aisha Abushelaibi
Inside round muscles (Adductor) from camels treated with bromelain or ficin or papain at 50 or 100 ppm were subsequently stored at 4 °C for 4 days to study the impact on quality attributes, protein degradation and textural changes. Results revealed that papain (100 ppm) treated camel meat showed higher drip loss and lower water holding capacity compared to other treatments. Total protein, sarcoplasmic protein solubility, trichloroacetic acid (TCA)-soluble peptides and soluble collagen were higher in papain and bromelain treated samples at 100 ppm compared to other treatments...
September 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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