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I La Mantia, G Ciprandi, A Varricchio, F Cupido, C Andaloro
Postnasal drip (PND)-related cough is a very common symptom in patients with upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). At present, there is not a standard treatment for postnasal drip and postnasal drip-related cough. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of a specific salso-bromo-iodine thermal water containing hyaluronic acid and grapefruit seed extract (SBI-H-GSE) comparing it with a normal saline solution in children with URTIs who refer PND-related symptoms. The study was randomized, single-blind, and controlled...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
K van Hulst, L van den Engel-Hoek, A C H Geurts, P H Jongerius, J J W van der Burg, T Feuth, F J A van den Hoogen, C E Erasmus
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a parent questionnaire to quantify drooling severity and frequency in young children (the Drooling Infants and Preschoolers Scale - the DRIPS). To investigate development of saliva control in typically developing young children in the age of 0-4 years. To construct sex-specific reference charts presenting percentile curves for drooling plotted for age to monitor the development of saliva control in infancy and preschool age. STUDY DESIGN: The DRIPS was developed consisting of 20 items to identify severity and frequency of drooling during meaningful daily activities...
February 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Morgana de Medeiros Machado, Bruna Martinello Savi, Mariana Borges Perucchi, Alessandro Benedetti, Luis Felipe Silva Oliveira, Adriano Michael Bernardin
The aim of this work was to determine the effect of temperature, precursor and dripping time on the crystallite size of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by controlled precipitation according a 2k full factorial design. ZnCl2, Zn(NO3)2 and NaOH were used as precursors. After synthesis, the nano crystalline powder was characterized by XRD (Cu Kα), UV-Vis, and HR-TEM. The nano ZnO particles presented a crystallite size between 210 and 260 Å (HR-TEM and XRD). The results show that the crystallite size depends on the type of precursor and temperature of synthesis, but not on the dripping time...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Qinghong Kong, Ting Wu, Hong Liu, Yi Zhang, Manman Zhang, Yibing Cai, Junhao Zhang, Ling Yang
Many current flame retardant technologies for polymeric materials contain environmentally harmful compounds, negatively impact processing and mechanical properties. In an effort to tackle these issues, graphene oxide (GO) nanocoating was deposited on the surface of polyurethane sponge (PUS) to reduce its flammability via layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly method. The results indicated that GO was evenly distributed on the surface of PUS to form GO coating PUS (PUS@GO) composites. This coating system completely eliminated melt dripping of sponge upon exposure to the direct flame from a butane torch...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Caspar Brekenfeld, Einar Goebell, Holger Schmidt, Henning Henningsen, Christoffer Kraemer, Jörg Tebben, Fabian Flottmann, Götz Thomalla, Jens Fiehler
BACKGROUND: To satisfy the increasing demand of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for acute ischemic stroke treatment, new organizational concepts for patient care are required. This study evaluates time intervals of acute stroke management in two stroke care models, including one based on transportation of the interventionalist from a comprehensive stroke center (CSC) to treat patients in two primary stroke centers (PSC). We hypothesized that time intervals were not inferior for the 'drip-and-drive' concept compared with the traditional 'drip-and-ship' concept...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Minqiang Huang, Jing Jin, Yu Zhang, Dewen Hu, Xingyu Wang
Recently, many auditory BCIs are using beeps as auditory stimuli, while beeps sound unnatural and unpleasant for some people. It is proved that natural sounds make people feel comfortable, decrease fatigue, and improve the performance of auditory BCI systems. Drip drop is a kind of natural sounds that makes humans feel relaxed and comfortable. In this work, three kinds of drip drops were used as stimuli in an auditory-based BCI system to improve the user-friendness of the system. This study explored whether drip drops could be used as stimuli in the auditory BCI system...
February 2018: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Babatunde Agbeniga, Edward C Webb
The effects of beef carcass weight on muscle pH/temperature profile and selected meat quality attributes were evaluated. Twenty-six carcasses from light (≤260kg, n=15) and heavy (≥290kg, n=11) feedlot steers were randomly allocated and stimulated with low voltage electrical stimulation (LVES) for 30s at 7min post-mortem (pm). Quality evaluations were carried out on samples from the Longissimus et lumborum (LL) muscle from the left side of each carcass. Heavier carcasses showed faster pH decline and slower (P<0...
March 2018: Food Research International
B Koçer, M Bozkurt, G Ege, A E Tüzün, R Konak, O Olgun
1. The aim of this study was to identify a feeding regimen that encourages good pasture use in slow (SG) and fast (FG) growing broiler genotypes under free-range management. 2. SG and FG birds fed on either an ad libitum (ADB) or a meal feeding (MEF) programme was given free outdoor access with or without fresh alfalfa from d 22 to 72 and from d 22 to 45, respectively. In two consecutive trials, 800 birds of each genotype were included in a factorial design using groups of 40 birds replicated 5 times. 3. Fresh alfalfa consumption did not improve growth performance and meat quality attributes, whereas the feeding regimen had significant implications...
February 12, 2018: British Poultry Science
Hyun-Wook Kim, Ji-Han Kim, Jin-Kyu Seo, Derico Setyabrata, Yuan H Brad Kim
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of aging/freezing sequence and freezing rate on quality attributes and oxidative stability of frozen/thawed pork loins (M. longissimus lumborum, n = 6). Six treatments were prepared by combining 3 aging/freezing sequences (FT, freezing/thawing only; AFT, aging prior to freezing/thawing; and FTA, freezing/thawing and aging) with 2 freezing rates (slow- and fast-freezing). The lowest purge/thaw loss and drip loss were found for AFT, in which fast-freezing reduced total exudate loss (P < 0...
January 31, 2018: Meat Science
Patricia A Beddows, Edward K Mallon
A low-cost data logging platform is presented that provides long-term operation in remote or submerged environments. Three premade "breakout boards" from the open-source Arduino ecosystem are assembled into the core of the data logger. Power optimization techniques are presented which extend the operational life of this module-based design to >1 year on three alkaline AA batteries. Robust underwater housings are constructed for these loggers using PVC fittings. Both the logging platform and the enclosures, are easy to build and modify without specialized tools or a significant background in electronics...
February 9, 2018: Sensors
Peter-John Wormald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Kevin F Bronson, Doug J Hunsaker, Clinton F Williams, Kelly R Thorp, Sharette M Rockholt, Stephen J Del Grosso, Rodney T Venterea, Edward M Barnes
Irrigation of food and fiber crops worldwide continues to increase. Nitrogen (N) from fertilizers is a major source of the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (NO) in irrigated cropping systems. Nitrous oxide emissions data are scarce for crops in the arid western United States. The objective of these studies was to assess the effect of N fertilizer management on NO emissions from furrow-irrigated, overhead sprinkler-irrigated, and subsurface drip-irrigated cotton ( L.) in Maricopa, AZ, on Trix and Casa Grande sandy clay loam soils...
January 2018: Journal of Environmental Quality
Xiaoyu Li, Lijuan Liu, Huijin Yang, Yan Li
Environmental factors and human activities play important roles in carbon fixation and emissions generated from croplands. Eddy covariance measurements in a drip-irrigated, film-mulched cotton field were used to analyze the relationships between carbon fluxes and environmental factors in Wulanwusu, northern Xinjiang, an arid region of Northwest China. Our results showed that the cumulative net carbon flux (NEE) was -304.8 g C m-2 (a strong sink) over the whole cotton growing season in 2012, which was more than that in cotton cropland without plastic film mulching and drip-irrigation...
2018: PloS One
Liwen He, Hao Wu, Guogen Wang, Qingxiang Meng, Zhenming Zhou
The effect of cattle feed on beef quality and oxidative stability was investigated. A corn silage (CS)-based finishing diet was compared with the diets based on corn stalk silage (SS) or corn stalk silage combined with its expected corn grain (SSC), containing a ratio of stalk to grain of corn plant of 1.5:1. Replacing CS with SS in the finishing diet had no effect on the proximate nutrients, cholesterol content, fatty acids profile, pH, color, water holding capacity, tenderness, texture profile, or oxidative stability of beef muscle...
January 31, 2018: Meat Science
Daniel Wright, Erik Feibert, Stuart Reitz, Clint Shock, Joy Waite-Cusic
The Produce Safety Rule of the U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act includes restrictions on the use of agricultural water of poor microbiological quality. Mitigation options for poor water quality include the application of an irrigation-to-harvest interval of <4 days; however, dry bulb onion production includes an extended irrigation-to-harvest interval (<30 days). This study evaluated conventional curing practices for mitigating Escherichia coli contamination in a field setting. Well water inoculated with rifampin-resistant E...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Chan-Chiung Liu, Yao-Nan Wang, Lung-Ming Fu, Kuan-Lin Chen
An integrated microfluidic platform comprising a microfluidic paper-based analytical device (µPAD) and a portable detection system is proposed for the concentration detection of benzoic acid via Janovsky reaction theory. In the proposed approach, the reaction zone of the µPAD is implanted with 5 N sodium hydroxide and dried at 30 °C for 20 min. The benzoic acid sample is derived to 3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid using KNO3 and H2SO4 at 40 °C for 40 min and is then dripped on the reaction zone of the µPAD...
May 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Zhou-Shan Tao, Wan-Shu Zhou, Xin-Jing Wu, Lin Wang, Min Yang, Jia-Bing Xie, Zhu-Jun Xu, Guo-Zheng Ding
Parathyroid hormone (1-34, PTH) combined β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) achieves stable bone regeneration without cell transplantation in previous studies. Recently, with the development of tissue engineering slow release technology, PTH used locally to promote bone defect healing become possible. This study by virtue of collagen with a combination of drugs and has a slow release properties, and investigated bone regeneration by β-TCP/collagen (β-TCP/COL) with the single local administration of PTH. After the creation of a rodent critical-sized femoral metaphyseal bone defect, β-TCP/COL was prepared by mixing sieved granules of β-TCP and atelocollagen for medical use, then β-TCP/COL with dripped PTH solution (1...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Léopold Mottet, Domitille Le Cornec, Jean-Marc Noël, Frédéric Kanoufi, Brigitte Delord, Philippe Poulin, Jérôme Bibette, Nicolas Bremond
Some bacteria can act as catalysts to oxidize (or reduce) organic or inorganic matter with the potential of generating electrical current. Despite their high value for sustainable energy, organic compound production and bioremediation, a tool to probe the natural biodiversity and to select most efficient microbes is still lacking. Compartmentalized cell culture is an ideal strategy for achieving such a goal but the appropriate compartment allowing cell growth and electron exchange must be tailored. Here, we develop a conductive composite hydrogel made of a double network of alginate and carbon nanotubes...
February 2, 2018: Soft Matter
Maya M Warren, Richard W Hartel
Ice cream is a multiphase frozen food containing ice crystals, air cells, fat globules, and partially coalesced fat globule clusters dispersed in an unfrozen serum phase (sugars, proteins, and stabilizers). This microstructure is responsible for ice cream's melting characteristics. By varying both formulation (emulsifier content and overrun) and processing conditions (dasher speed), the effects of different microstructural elements, particularly air cells and fat globule clusters, on ice cream melt-down properties were studied...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Tomas Poblete, Samuel Ortega-Farías, Dongryeol Ryu
Water stress caused by water scarcity has a negative impact on the wine industry. Several strategies have been implemented for optimizing water application in vineyards. In this regard, midday stem water potential (SWP) and thermal infrared (TIR) imaging for crop water stress index (CWSI) have been used to assess plant water stress on a vine-by-vine basis without considering the spatial variability. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)-borne TIR images are used to assess the canopy temperature variability within vineyards that can be related to the vine water status...
January 30, 2018: Sensors
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