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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650203/how-efficacious-is-danshen-salvia-miltiorrhiza-dripping-pill-in-treating-angina-pectoris-evidence-assessment-for-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Yongliang Jia, Siu-Wai Leung
BACKGROUND: More than 230 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of danshen dripping pill (DSP) and isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) in treating angina pectoris after the first preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses-compliant comprehensive meta-analysis were published in 2010. Other meta-analyses had flaws in study selection, statistical meta-analysis, and evidence assessment. This study completed the meta-analysis with an extensive assessment of the evidence. METHODS: RCTs published from 1994 to 2016 on DSP and ISDN in treating angina pectoris for at least 4 weeks were included...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649759/impact-of-intravenous-thrombolysis-on-recanalization-rates-in-patients-with-stroke-treated-with-bridging-therapy
#2
L Mueller, F Pult, J Meisterernst, M R Heldner, M-L Mono, R Kurmann, M Buehlmann, U Fischer, H P Mattle, M Arnold, P Mordasini, J Gralla, G Schroth, M El-Koussy, S Jung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Randomized controlled trials have shown that bridging endovascular therapy (EVT) after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) therapy improves outcome in patients with stroke with large-artery anterior circulation stroke compared with IVT alone. It remains unknown whether IVT adds any benefit to EVT in these patients. The aim of this study was to assess recanalization rates and thrombus dislocation before initiation of EVT in patients receiving bridging therapy. METHODS: All patients in the Bernese stroke registry (2008-2015) in whom bridging therapy was considered were included in this analysis...
June 25, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648417/effect-of-heart-failure-reversal-treatment-as-add-on-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-randomized-open-label-study
#3
Rohit Sane, Abhijeet Aklujkar, Atul Patil, Rahul Mandole
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to evaluate effect of heart failure reversal therapy (HFRT) using herbal procedure (panchakarma) and allied therapies, as add-on to standard CHF treatment (SCT) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. METHODS: This open-label, randomized study conducted in CHF patients (aged: 25-65 years, ejection fraction: 30-65%), had 3-phases: 1-week screening, 6-week treatment (randomized [1:1] to HFRT+SCT or SCT-alone) and follow-up (12-week)...
May 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644924/intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-bridge-between-two-centuries
#4
Georgios Tsivgoulis, Odysseas Kargiotis, Andrei Alexandrov
Intravenous tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) remains the only approved systemic reperfusion therapy suitable for most patients presenting timely with acute ischemic stroke. Accumulating real-word experience for over 20 years regarding tPA safety and effectiveness lead to re-appraisal of original contraindications for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). Areas covered: This narrative review focuses on fast yet appropriate selection of patients for safe administration of tPA per recently expanded indications. Novel strategies for rapid patient assessment will be discussed...
June 23, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641137/real-time-pcr-methods-for-the-detection-of-blown-pack-spoilage-causing-clostridium-species-c-estertheticum-c-gasigenes-and-c-ruminantium
#5
Rachael Reid, Catherine M Burgess, Evonne McCabe, Séamus Fanning, Paul Whyte, Joe Kerry, Declan Bolton
A set of real-time PCR methods for the detection of C. estertheticum, C. gasigenes and C. ruminantium, the causative agents of blown pack spoilage (BPS) in vacuum packaged beef, was developed. Robust validation of the sensitivity and specificity was carried out in the three matrices (beef meat drip, wet environmental swabs and dry environmental swabs) as encountered in our testing laboratory and against Clostridium strains (n=76) and non-Clostridium strains (n=36). It was possible to detect 4-5 spores per ml for C...
June 3, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637375/anticoagulant-therapy-for-recurrent-in-stent-thrombosis-following-carotid-artery-stenting-a-case-report
#6
Akinori Miyakoshi, Hiroki Toda, Makoto Hayase, Takeshi Kawauchi, Yuki Oichi, Etsuko Hattori
We report a case in which strict anticoagulant therapy management was useful for a recurrent in-stent thrombosis after carotid artery stenting (CAS). An 84-year-old man presented with cognitive decline that progressed rapidly over two months. Head magnetic resonance imaging showed an acute-stage infarct occurring frequently in the right cerebral hemisphere, and he underwent hospitalization and treatment. On neck magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), severe stenosis was found at the origin of the right internal carotid artery...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631811/the-effects-of-fat-structures-and-ice-cream-mix-viscosity-on-physical-and-sensory-properties-of-ice-cream
#7
Julia Amador, Rich Hartel, Scott Rankin
The purpose of this work was to investigate iciness perception and other sensory textural attributes of ice cream due to ice and fat structures and mix viscosity. Two studies were carried out varying processing conditions and mix formulation. In the 1st study, ice creams were collected at -3, -5, and -7.5 °C draw temperatures. These ice creams contained 0%, 0.1%, or 0.2% emulsifier, an 80:20 blend of mono- and diglycerides: polysorbate 80. In the 2nd study, ice creams were collected at -3 °C draw temperature and contained 0%, 0...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611817/rational-water-and-nitrogen-management-improves-root-growth-increases-yield-and-maintains-water-use-efficiency-of-cotton-under-mulch-drip-irrigation
#8
Hongzhi Zhang, Aziz Khan, Daniel K Y Tan, Honghai Luo
There is a need to optimize water-nitrogen (N) applications to increase seed cotton yield and water use efficiency (WUE) under a mulch drip irrigation system. This study evaluated the effects of four water regimes [moderate drip irrigation from the third-leaf to the boll-opening stage (W1), deficit drip irrigation from the third-leaf to the flowering stage and sufficient drip irrigation thereafter (W2), pre-sowing and moderate drip irrigation from the third-leaf to the boll-opening stage (W3), pre-sowing and deficit drip irrigation from the third-leaf to the flowering stage and sufficient drip irrigation thereafter (W4)] and N fertilizer at a rate of 520 kg ha(-1) in two dressing ratios [7:3 (N1), 2:8 (N2)] on cotton root morpho-physiological attributes, yield, WUE and the relationship between root distribution and dry matter production...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610682/menopausal-hormone-therapy-may-increase-non-allergic-rhinitis-among-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#9
Ji Ho Choi, Se Hwan Hwang, Jeffrey D Suh, Jin Kook Kim, Seok-Chan Hong, Young Chang Lim, Soo-Nyung Kim, Jae Hoon Cho
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and chronic rhinitis. METHODS: The data used in this study were derived from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The analysis included 2967 postmenopausal women under 70 years of age, and there were no missing data. Questionnaire responses regarding MHT, current life habits, reproductive history, and rhinitis were reviewed. The levels of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and specific IgE for Dermatophagoides farinae, cockroaches, and dogs were measured, using approximately 10% of all samples...
August 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603877/effects-of-moringa%C3%A2-oleifera-leaves-as-a-substitute-for-alfalfa-meal-on-nutrient-digestibility-growth-performance-carcass-trait-meat-quality-antioxidant-capacity-and-biochemical-parameters-of-rabbits
#10
B Sun, Y Zhang, M Ding, Q Xi, G Liu, Y Li, D Liu, X Chen
This contribution reports the effects of Moringa oleifera leaves (MOLs) meal on the growth performances, nutrient digestibility, carcass trait, meat quality, antioxidant capacity and biochemical parameters of growing New Zealand white rabbits. The MOL was substituted for alfalfa meal at levels of 0, 10%, 20% and 30% to obtain respective diets MOL0, MOL10, MOL20 and MOL30. Each treatment was replicated five times with 10 rabbits per replicate. Results showed the average daily weight gain (ADWG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of rabbits fed MOL20 diet were significantly better (p < 0...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602999/cough-and-bronchiectasis
#11
REVIEW
Paul McCallion, Anthony De Soyza
Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease with permanent airway dilatation, mucus retention and recurrent lower respiratory tract infections. Bronchiectasis is increasing in prevalence and has a significant morbidity and an excess mortality rate over age matched controls. It is increasingly identified during investigations into chronic cough and is evident high resolution CT scanning. There remain significant knowledge gaps in our understanding of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, prognosis and optimal treatments in bronchiectasis...
June 7, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602009/update-on-intranasal-medications-in-rhinosinusitis
#12
REVIEW
Kornkiat Snidvongs, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich
This review describes beneficial effects and adverse events of various intranasal medications in treating rhinosinusitis. Application of intranasal steroids has been described in treating all subtypes of adult rhinosinusitis, but reports are limited in pediatrics and mostly in acute pediatric subgroups resulted in benefits While saline irrigation is effective for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without polyps and in pediatric acute rhinosinusitis, there is no evidence yet for saline drips and sprays. Application of intranasal antifungals and nasal irrigation with surfactant brings more harm than benefits...
July 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601740/prediction-and-control-of-drop-formation-modes-in-microfluidic-generation-of-double-emulsions-by-single-step-emulsification
#13
Seyed Ali Nabavi, Goran T Vladisavljević, Monalie V Bandulasena, Omid Arjmandi-Tash, Vasilije Manović
HYPOTHESIS: Predicting formation mode of double emulsion drops in microfluidic emulsification is crucial for controlling the drop size and morphology. EXPERIMENTS AND MODELLING: A three-phase Volume of Fluid-Continuum Surface Force (VOF-CSF) model was developed, validated with analytical solutions, and used to investigate drop formation in different regimes. Experimental investigations were done using a glue-free demountable glass capillary device with a true axisymmetric geometry, capable of readjusting the distance between the two inner capillaries during operation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598122/-adverse-drug-reactions-in-sichuan-children-during-2012-2014
#14
Chang Liu, Dan Peng, Shan Lan, Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children. METHODS: Reported ADRs in the patients aged from 0-18 years were extracted from the 2012-2014 Sichuan ADR surveillance system.The time trend,category of ADRs [system organ class (SOC)],outcomes,and demographic characteristics of the patients were analyzed. RESULTS: The reported paediatric ADRs increased over time;most occurred in males (7 709,56.40%) and preschool children (5 928,43...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589154/prolonged-ketosis-in-a-patient-with-euglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-secondary-to-dapagliflozin
#15
Shreya Pujara, Adriana Ioachimescu
Since the approval of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors by the US Food and Drug Administration for type 2 diabetes, there have been several reports of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis in patients using this class of medication. We present a case of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis where ketonemia and glucosuria persisted well beyond the expected effect of dapagliflozin. Our patient is a 50-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes since age 35 who was taking metformin and dapagliflozin. She presented with fatigue, constipation, and 3 days of reduced oral intake...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583361/narrative-constructs-in-modern-clinical-case-reporting
#16
Brian Hurwitz
Modern clinical case reporting takes the form of problem-solution narratives that redescribe symptoms in terms of disease categories. Authored almost always by those who have played a part in the medical assessment of the patient, reports historicise the salient details of an individual's illness as a complex effect of identifiable antecedent causes. Candidate hypotheses linking illness to pathological mechanisms are suggested by the patient's experience, and by data that emerge from clinical examination and investigation...
April 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582957/a-case-of-organizing-hematoma-in-a-maxillary-sinus-after-reconstruction-of-a-blow-out-fracture
#17
Sang Hee An, Hyoung Min Park, Il Gyu Kang, Joo Hyun Jung
A 36-year-old man presented because of nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, and postnasal drip. The patient had undergone reconstruction of a blow-out fracture of the orbital floor 12 years before and had sinusitis that likely had resulted from implant migration into the maxillary sinus. The inflammation was successfully resolved, and the implant was removed through a minimally invasive endoscopic sinus surgery technique. On pathologic examination, an organizing hematoma was identified as the cause of the lesion...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581833/novel-nano-cellulose-excipient-for-generating-non-newtonian-droplets-for-targeted-nasal-drug-delivery
#18
Paul M Young, Daniela Traini, Hui Xin Ong, Angelo Granieri, Bing Zhu, Santo Scalia, Jie Song, Patrick T Spicer
PURPOSE: Thickening polymers have been used as excipients in nasal formulations to avoid nasal run-off (nasal drip) post-administration. However, increasing the viscosity of the formulation can have a negative impact on the quality of the aerosols generated. Therefore, the study aims to investigate the use of a novel smart nano-cellulose excipient to generate suitable droplets for nasal drug delivery that simultaneously has only marginally increased viscosity while still reducing nasal drips...
June 21, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581023/effects-of-a-daily-3-meal-pattern-with-different-dietary-protein-contents-on-pig-growth-performance-carcass-and-muscle-quality-traits
#19
Xin Wu, Chunyan Xie, Cimin Long, Jun Li, Xihong Zhou, Zhiyong Fan, Francois Blachier, Yulong Yin
BACKGROUND: Recent research related to phase-feeding programs for pig nutrition do not always account for the variation among individuals, and feeds are usually formulated to optimize the performance of the whole pig population. This study aimed at measuring the effects of a daily 3-meal pattern with different dietary protein contents on pig growth performance, carcass and muscle quality traits. RESULTS: The results showed that compared with the 3C treatment, ADG of pigs in the HCL treatment increased by 14...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561583/the-preparation-of-a-novel-intumescent-flame-retardant-based-on-supramolecular-interactions-and-its-application-in-polyamide-11
#20
Xiaodong Jin, Jun Sun, Jessica Shiqing Zhang, Xiaoyu Gu, Serge Bourbigot, Hongfei Li, Wufei Tang, Sheng Zhang
The flammability and melt dripping of the widely used bio-based polyamide 11 (PA 11) have attracted much attention in the last decade, and they are still a big challenge for the fire science society. In this work, a novel single macromolecular intumescent flame retardant (AM-APP) which contains an acid source and a gas source was prepared by supramolecular reactions between melamine and p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid, followed by an ionic exchange with ammonium polyphosphate. The chemical structure of AM-APP was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
May 31, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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