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Trauma Registry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921846/improvement-of-polytrauma-management-quality-inspection-of-a-newly-introduced-course-concept
#1
Ingo Gräff, Shahab Ghamari, Sylvia Schacher, Procula Glien, Rolf Fimmers, Torsten Baehner, Se-Chan Kim
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: A systematic literature search for training course concepts for care of severely injured and severely ill patients respecting improvement of process and outcome yielded little data. For several years, the University Hospital of Bonn has hosted a shock-room management course which, on the one hand, communicates human factor aspects and, on the other hand, pursues interdisciplinary and interprofessional team training. The Bonn shock-room management course (BSM-course®) differs from other courses in both format and principles...
September 17, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917584/pneumatoceles-in-pediatric-blunt-trauma-common-and-benign
#2
Lindsey B Armstrong, David P Mooney
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic pneumatoceles are reported to be rare in children and to have an uncertain clinical significance. We report a single institution series of traumatic pneumatoceles to better define their frequency and clinical significance. METHODS: After obtaining approval from the IRB, data were extracted from the trauma registry of a level 1 pediatric trauma center on children diagnosed with a pulmonary contusion (International Classification of Diseases-9th edition diagnosis codes: 861...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912021/association-between-spinal-immobilization-and-survival-at-discharge-for-on-scene-blunt-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Yusuke Tsutsumi, Shingo Fukuma, Asuka Tsuchiya, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi, Shunichi Fukuhara
INTRODUCTION: Spinal immobilization has been indicated for all blunt trauma patients suspected of having cervical spine injury. However, for traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) patients, rapid transportation without compromising potentially reversible causes is necessary. Our objective was to investigate the temporal trend of spinal immobilization for TCA patients and to examine the association between spinal immobilization and survival. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Japan Trauma Data Bank 2004-2015 registry data...
September 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910475/chest-seal-placement-for-penetrating-chest-wounds-by-prehospital-ground-forces-in-afghanistan
#4
Steven G Schauer, Michael D April, Jason F Naylor, Erica M Simon, Andrew D Fisher, Cord W Cunningham, Daniel M Morissette, Jessie Renee D Fernandez, Kathy L Ryan
BACKGROUND: Thoracic trauma represents 5% of all battlefield injuries. Communicating pneumothoraces resulting in tension physiology remain an important etiology of prehospital mortality. In addressing penetrating chest trauma, current Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) guidelines advocate the immediate placement of a vented chest seal device. Although the Committee on TCCC (CoTCCC) has approved numerous chest seal devices for battlefield use, few data exist regarding their use in a combat zone setting...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910469/prehospital-administration-of-tranexamic-acid-by-ground-forces-in-afghanistan-the-prehospital-trauma-registry-experience
#5
Steven G Schauer, Michael D April, Jason F Naylor, Jonathan Wiese, Kathy L Ryan, Andrew D Fisher, Cord W Cunningham, Noah Mitchell, Mark A Antonacci
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) was shown to reduce overall mortality and death secondary to hemorrhage in a large prospective study. This intervention is time sensitive. As such, the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) guidelines recommend use of this low-cost, safe intervention among patients with possible hemorrhagic shock, penetrating trauma to the thorax or trunk, or extremity amputation. OBJECTIVE: Prehospital administration of TXA by ground forces in the Afghanistan combat theater is described...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910462/prehospital-cricothyrotomy-kits-used-in-combat
#6
Steven G Schauer, Michael D April, Cord W Cunningham, Adrianna N Long, Robert Carter
BACKGROUND: Surgical cricothyrotomy remains the only definitive airway management modality for the tactical setting recommended by Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines. Some units have fielded commercial cricothyrotomy kits to assist Combat Medics with surgical cricothyrotomy. To our knowledge, no previous publications report data on the use of these kits in combat settings. This series reports the the use of two kits in four patients in the prehospital combat setting. METHODS: Using the Department of Defense Trauma Registry and the Prehospital Trauma Registry, we identified four cases of patients who underwent prehospital cricothyrotomy with the use of commercial kits...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899564/avoiding-delayed-diagnosis-of-significant-blunt-bowel-and-mesenteric-injuries-can-a-scoring-tool-make-the-difference-a-7-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Tobias Zingg, Fabio Agri, Mylène Bourgeat, Bertrand Yersin, Benoît Romain, Sabine Schmidt, Nathalie Keller, Nicolas Demartines
INTRODUCTION: Significant blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries (sBBMI) are frequently missed despite the widespread use of computed tomography (CT). Early treatment improves the outcome related to these injuries. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of sBBMI, the incidence of delayed diagnosis and to test the performance of the Bowel Injury Prediction Score (BIPS), determined by the white blood cell (WBC) count, presence or absence of abdominal tenderness and CT grade of mesenteric injury...
September 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899316/road-safety-serious-injuries-remain-a-major-unsolved-problem
#8
Ben Beck, Peter A Cameron, Mark C Fitzgerald, Rodney T Judson, Warwick Teague, Ronan A Lyons, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate temporal trends in the incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and costs of health loss caused by serious road traffic injury. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective review of data from the population-based Victorian State Trauma Registry and the National Coronial Information System on road traffic-related deaths (pre- and in-hospital) and major trauma (Injury Severity Score > 12) during 2007-2015.Main outcomes and measures: Temporal trends in the incidence of road traffic-related major trauma, mortality, DALYs, and costs of health loss, by road user type...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894892/using-emergency-trauma-team-activations-to-measure-trauma-activity-and-injury-severity-10%C3%A2-years-of-experience-using-an-australian-major-trauma-centre-registry
#9
M M Dinh, S Roncal, K Curtis, R Ivers
OBJECTIVES: To describe the outcomes of Emergency Department trauma team activations over a 10-year period with respect to injury severity and hospital length of stay. METHODS: This was a retrospective study using trauma registry data at a single Major Trauma Centre in Australia. All trauma team activations and arrivals on pre-hospital major trauma (T1) protocol recorded in the trauma registry between June 2006 and July 2016 were included. The outcome of interest was major trauma, defined as an Injury Severity Score (ISS) >12 or length of stay >3 days or requiring urgent operative intervention or admission to the Intensive Care Unit following trauma...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891977/polytrauma-defined-by-the-new-berlin-definition-a-validation-test-based-on-propensity-score-matching-approach
#10
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Pao-Jen Kuo, Yi-Chun Chen, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: Polytrauma patients are expected to have a higher risk of mortality than that obtained by the summation of expected mortality owing to their individual injuries. This study was designed to investigate the outcome of patients with polytrauma, which was defined using the new Berlin definition, as cases with an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ≥ 3 for two or more different body regions and one or more additional variables from five physiologic parameters (hypotension [systolic blood pressure ≤ 90 mmHg], unconsciousness [Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤ 8], acidosis [base excess ≤ -6...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885956/combat-casualties-and-severe-shock-risk-factors-for-death-at-role-3-military-facilities
#11
Michelle F Buehner, Brian J Eastridge, James K Aden, Joseph J DuBose, Lorne H Blackbourne, Ramon F Cestero
BACKGROUND: Although significant research has been conducted on combat casualties receiving blood products, there is limited data for the subpopulation presenting in shock. The purpose of this study was to evaluate combat casualties arriving to a role 3 facility with an initial systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≤ 90 in order to identify clinical characteristics and associations between presentation, transfusion therapy, and mortality outcomes. METHODS: The Department of Defense Trauma Registry was queried from 2001 to 2010 for trauma-related casualties who arrived at a role 3 combat surgical facility with a SBP ≤ 90...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885468/trauma-registry-in-spain-comment-to-trauma-systems-around-the-world-a-systematic-overview
#12
Mario Chico-Fernández, Marcelino Sánchez-Casado, Juan Antonio Llompart-Pou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885438/a-volumetric-and-craniometric-analysis-of-cranial-base-differences-in-unicoronal-craniosynostosis
#13
Daniel M Mazzaferro, Ari M Wes, Sanjay Naran, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
BACKGROUND: The authors hypothesized that patients with unicoronal craniosynostosis (UCS) have deviation of the vault, cranial base, and face resulting in significant differences in skull base morphology and segmental cranial vault volume relative to nonaffected controls. METHODS: Unicoronal craniosynostosis patients were collected from the authors' IRB-approved, prospective, craniofacial registry; controls were from a trauma registry. Mimics software was used to compare those with UCS to controls for a series of standardized craniometric angles and distances...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883735/hollow-viscus-injuries-predictors-of-outcome-and-role-of-diagnostic-delay
#14
Andrea Mingoli, Marco La Torre, Gioia Brachini, Gianluca Costa, Genoveffa Balducci, Barbara Frezza, Giovanna Sgarzini, Bruno Cirillo
INTRODUCTION: Hollow viscus injuries (HVIs) are uncommon but potentially catastrophic conditions with high mortality and morbidity rates. The aim of this study was to analyze our 16-year experience with patients undergoing surgery for blunt or penetrating bowel trauma to identify prognostic factors with particular attention to the influence of diagnostic delay on outcome. METHODS: From our multicenter trauma registry, we selected 169 consecutive patients with an HVI, enrolled from 2000 to 2016...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876672/civilian-gunshot-wounds-to-the-chest-a-clinicopathological-analysis-of-an-annual-caseload-at-a-level-1-trauma-centre
#15
V M Meijering, A T Hattam, P H Navsaria, A J Nicol, S Edu
BACKGROUND: Gunshot wounds (GSW) to the chest are common presentations to trauma centres in South Africa. The clinical management and outcome of GSW to the chest are significantly altered by missile trajectory and the associated anatomical structures injured making them challenging injuries to treat. Currently, the management of GSW chest is based on scant evidence and treatment is typically according to algorithms based largely on the anecdotal experience of high volume institutions and experienced clinicians...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876666/civilian-gunshot-wounds-to-the-chest-a-clinicopathological-analysis-of-an-annual-caseload-at-a-level-1-trauma-centre
#16
V M Meijering, A T Hattam
BACKGROUND: Gunshot wounds (GSW) to the chest are common presentations to trauma centres both in South Africa and internationally. The clinical management and outcome of GSW to the chest are significantly altered by missile trajectory and the associated anatomical structures injured making them challenging injuries to treat. Currently, the management of GSW chest is based on scant evidence and treatment is typically according to algorithms based largely on the anecdotal experience of high volume institutions and experienced clinicians...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876665/spectrum-of-intentional-injuries-in-the-juvenile-population-treated-at-a-level-one-trauma-centre-a-south-african-perspective
#17
V M Meijering, S Edu, P Navsaria, A J Nicol, S Sobnach
BACKGROUND: South Africa has one of the most violent societies worldwide. The national homicide rate is 34 per 100 000; young males form the majority of this cohort. Comprehensive injury surveillance in low and middle-income countries is limited and there is paucity of data describing the epidemiology and outcomes of intentional injuries within the juvenile population. METHOD: Ethical approval was obtained for this study. The Electronic Trauma Health Registry (eTHR) Application of the Trauma Centre at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town was interrogated over an 18-month period (April 2014 - December 2016) for all patients (aged 12-19 years) treated for non-accidental trauma...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876621/the-absolute-number-of-repeat-operations-for-complex-intra-abdominal-sepsis-is-not-a-useful-predictor-of-non-survival
#18
M F Scriba, G L Laing, J L Bruce, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: When multiple repeat laparotomies are required to manage intra-abdominal sepsis, questions about futility of treatment frequently arise. This study focuses specifically on patients who required two or more repeat laparotomies and describes the spectrum of disease necessitating multiple repeat laparotomies and the associated outcomes in the hope of clarifying the issue. METHOD: This study was conducted over a 20-month period (December 2012 - July 2014) at Greys Hospital in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876563/defining-predictors-of-mortality-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#19
P Brysiewicz, D L Clarke, B Sartorius, J L Bruce, G L Laing
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe our cohort of pediatric trauma patients and to analyze their physiological data. The intention was to highlight the difficulty in using systolic blood pressure (SBP) readings in this population and to investigate the role of base excess (BE) in predicting clinical outcomes in pediatric trauma patien. METHOD: The Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) maintains a prospective digital trauma registry, and all pediatric trauma patients admitted to the service for the period January 2012 - July 2016 were included...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875887/the-spectrum-and-outcome-of-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa-has-not-changed-over-the-last-two-decades
#20
J J P Buitendag, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G L Laing, D L Clarke, P Brysiewicz
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective review of a prospectively entered and maintained hybrid electronic trauma registry was intended to develop a comprehensive overview of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents and to compare it with previous audits from our local environment and from other developing world centres. All TBI patients admitted to hospital were included in this study. We reviewed the age, gender, outcomes, radiological findings and treatment of the patients. METHODS: All patients aged ≤18 years old who were admitted by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) with TBI between December 2012 and December 2016 were included in this audit...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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