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Anti- cytokine therapies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934123/the-innate-and-adaptive-immune-system-as-targets-for-biologic-therapies-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
REVIEW
Grainne Holleran, Loris Lopetuso, Valentina Petito, Cristina Graziani, Gianluca Ianiro, Deirdre McNamara, Antonio Gasbarrini, Franco Scaldaferri
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an immune-mediated inflammatory condition causing inflammation of gastrointestinal and systemic cells, with an increasing prevalence worldwide. Many factors are known to trigger and maintain inflammation in IBD including the innate and adaptive immune systems, genetics, the gastrointestinal microbiome and several environmental factors. Our knowledge of the involvement of the immune system in the pathophysiology of IBD has advanced rapidly over the last two decades, leading to the development of several immune-targeted treatments with a biological source, known as biologic agents...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933516/anti-il5-therapies-for-asthma
#2
REVIEW
Hugo A Farne, Amanda Wilson, Colin Powell, Lynne Bax, Stephen J Milan
BACKGROUND: This review is the first update of a previously published review in The Cochrane Library (Issue 7, 2015). Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is the main cytokine involved in the activation of eosinophils, which cause airway inflammation and are a classic feature of asthma. Monoclonal antibodies targeting IL-5 or its receptor (IL-5R) have been developed, with recent studies suggesting that they reduce asthma exacerbations, improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and lung function...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932627/addition-of-anti-estrogen-therapy-to-anti-her2-dendritic-cell-vaccination-improves-regional-nodal-immune-response-and-pathologic-complete-response-rate-in-patients-with-er-pos-her2-pos-early-breast-cancer
#3
Lea Lowenfeld, Salman Zaheer, Crystal Oechsle, Megan Fracol, Jashodeep Datta, Shuwen Xu, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, Robert E Roses, Carla S Fisher, Elizabeth S McDonald, Paul J Zhang, Angela DeMichele, Rosemarie Mick, Gary K Koski, Brian J Czerniecki
HER2-directed therapies are less effective in patients with ER(pos) compared to ER(neg) breast cancer, possibly reflecting bidirectional activation between HER2 and estrogen signaling pathways. We investigated dual blockade using anti-HER2 vaccination and anti-estrogen therapy in HER2(pos)/ER(pos) early breast cancer patients. In pre-clinical studies of HER2(pos) breast cancer cell lines, ER(pos) cells were partially resistant to CD4(+) Th1 cytokine-induced metabolic suppression compared with ER(neg) cells...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928907/adipose-derived-stromal-cell-in-regenerative-medicine-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Reza Tabatabaei Qomi, Mohsen Sheykhhasan
The application of appropriate cell origin for utilizing in regenerative medicine is the major issue. Various kinds of stem cells have been used for the tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Such as, several stromal cells have been employed as treat option for regenerative medicine. For example, human bone marrow-derived stromal cells and adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) are used in cell-based therapy. Data relating to the stem cell therapy and processes associated with ADSC has developed remarkably in the past 10 years...
August 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928840/a-cytokine-signal-inhibitor-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-enhances-cancer-metastasis-via-depletion-of-nk-cells-in-an-experimental-lung-metastasis-mouse-model-of-colon-cancer
#5
Hideki Shimaoka, Shinsuke Takeno, Kenji Maki, Takahide Sasaki, Suguru Hasegawa, Yuichi Yamashita
Current therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) relies on global suppression of the immune response or specific blockade of inflammatory cytokines. However, it is unclear how immunosuppressants affect patients with cancer. Therefore, in the present study, the effect of three biological agents, tofacitinib, anti-mouse IL-6 receptor antibody (MR16-1) and etanercept, which are used for the treatment of RA diseases, on a tumor-bearing mouse model was investigated. The effect of the three agents was examined using a mouse lung-metastasis model with the murine colon 26 cancer cell line...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928157/alteration-of-cholinergic-anti-inflammatory-pathway-in-rat-with-ischemic-cardiomyopathy-modified-electrophysiological-function-of-heart
#6
Shu-Jie Wu, Yue-Chun Li, Zhe-Wei Shi, Zhong-Hao Lin, Zhi-Heng Rao, Si-Chao Tai, Mao-Ping Chu, Lei Li, Jia-Feng Lin
BACKGROUND: With chronic ischemia after myocardial infarction, the resulting scar tissue result in electrical and structural remodeling vulnerable to an arrhythmogenic substrate. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway elicited by vagal nerve via α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7-nAChR) can modulate local and systemic inflammatory responses. Here, we aimed to clarify a novel mechanism for the antiarrhythmogenic properties of vagal nerve during the ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928126/chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-therapies-for-multiple-myeloma
#7
Lekha Mikkilineni, James N Kochenderfer
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a nearly always incurable malignancy of plasma cells, so new approaches to treatment are needed. T-cell therapies are a promising approach for treating MM, with a mechanism of action different than those of standard MM treatments. Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) are fusion proteins incorporating antigen-recognition domains and T-cell signaling domains. T-cells genetically engineered to express CARs can specifically recognize antigens. Success of CAR T-cells against leukemia and lymphoma has encouraged development of CAR T-cell therapies for MM...
September 19, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927416/tumor-related-interleukins-old-validated-targets-for-new-anti-cancer-drug-development
#8
REVIEW
Sarra Setrerrahmane, Hanmei Xu
In-depth knowledge of cancer molecular and cellular mechanisms have revealed a strong regulation of cancer development and progression by the inflammation which orchestrates the tumor microenvironment. Immune cells, residents or recruited, in the inflammation milieu can have rather contrasting effects during cancer development. Accumulated clinical and experimental data support the notion that acute inflammation could exert an immunoprotective effect leading to tumor eradication. However, chronic immune response promotes tumor growth and invasion...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926842/pharmacotherapy-with-thymoquinone-improved-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-integrity-and-functional-activity-enhanced-islets-revascularization-and-alleviated-metabolic-and-hepato-renal-disturbances-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats
#9
Adel Galal El-Shemi, Osama Adnan Kensara, Aiman Alsaegh, Mohammed Hasan Mukhtar
AIMS: This study is aimed at evaluating the antidiabetic effects of thymoquinone (TQ) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats, and exploring the possible underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in adult male Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of freshly prepared STZ (65 mg/kg). After disease induction, 42 rats were equally assigned to: controls, STZ-diabetic group, and STZ-diabetic group treated with oral TQ (35 mg/kg/day) for 5 weeks...
September 20, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926091/functional-role-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-neurodegenerative-diseases
#10
Debora Lo Furno, Giuliana Mannino, Rosario Giuffrida
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into not only cells of mesodermal lineages, but also into endodermal and ectodermal derived elements, including neurons and glial cells. For this reason, MSCs have been extensively investigated to develop cell-based therapeutic strategies, especially in pathologies whose pharmacological treatments give poor results, if any. As in the case of irreversible neurological disorders characterized by progressive neuronal death, in which behavioral and cognitive functions of patients inexorably decline as the disease progresses...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922951/a-retrospective-study-of-cytokine-profiles-changes-in-mice-with-fviii-inhibitor-development-after-aav-mediated-gene-therapy-in-hemophilia-a-mouse-model
#11
Junjiang Sun, Zhenhua Yuan, Yasmina L Abajas, Dorreen E Szollosi, Genlin Hu, Baolai Hua, Xiao Xiao, Chengwen Li
The development of inhibitory autoantibodies to the infused clotting factor VIII is a major complication for severe hemophilia A management. Novel therapy options for hemophilia have significantly progressed in the last decade and a gene therapy cure for hemophilia is translating into reality. However, mechanistic studies of FVIII autoantibodies (FVIII inhibitors) have lagged behind and remain a challenge for both protein replacement and gene therapy. FVIII inhibitor formation is assumed to be a classical T cell-dependent immune response in which cytokines/chemokines play an important role...
September 19, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922238/primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-time-for-diagnostic-biomarkers-and-biotherapies
#12
Louis Royer-Perron, Khê Hoang-Xuan, Agusti Alentorn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare cancer with a somber prognosis in older patients, which it affects predominantly. Only in recent years have molecular alterations characterizing PCNSL been thoroughly described. This opens possibilities for the use of targeted therapies. Developments in imaging and biomarkers have also great potential to help clinicians faced with diagnostic and prognostic uncertainties. RECENT FINDINGS: Several biomarkers for PCNSL, such as different microRNAs, which could be tested in cerebrospinal fluid and vitreous fluid, and IL-10, which has been shown to have excellent sensitivity and specificity in the cerebrospinal fluid, have emerged in the last years...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919896/vhh-based-bispecific-antibodies-targeting-cytokine-production
#13
Maxim A Nosenko, Kamar-Sulu N Atretkhany, Vladislav V Mokhonov, Grigory A Efimov, Andrey A Kruglov, Sergei V Tillib, Marina S Drutskaya, Sergei A Nedospasov
Proinflammatory cytokines, such as TNF, IL-6, and IL-1, play pathogenic roles in multiple diseases and are attractive targets for biologic drugs. Because proinflammatory cytokines possess non-redundant protective and immunoregulatory functions, their systemic neutralization carries the potential for unwanted side effects. Therefore, next-generation anti-cytokine therapies would seek to selectively neutralize pathogenic cytokine signaling, leaving normal function intact. Fortunately, the biology of proinflammatory cytokines provides several such opportunities...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919893/ripk3-fas-associated-death-domain-axis-regulates-pulmonary-immunopathology-to-cryptococcal-infection-independent-of-necroptosis
#14
Zhenzong Fa, Qun Xie, Wei Fang, Haibing Zhang, Haiwei Zhang, Jintao Xu, Weihua Pan, Jinhua Xu, Michal A Olszewski, Xiaoming Deng, Wanqing Liao
Fas-associated death domain (FADD) and receptor interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) are multifunctional regulators of cell death and immune response. Using a mouse model of cryptococcal infection, the roles of FADD and RIPK3 in anti-cryptococcal defense were investigated. Deletion of RIPK3 alone led to increased inflammatory cytokine production in the Cryptococcus neoformans-infected lungs, but in combination with FADD deletion, it led to a robust Th1-biased response with M1-biased macrophage activation. Rather than being protective, these responses led to paradoxical C...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919220/peucedanum-japonicum-extract-attenuates-allergic-airway-inflammation-by-inhibiting-th2-cell-activation-and-production-of-pro-inflammatory-mediators
#15
Jin Mi Chun, A-Reum Lee, Hyo Seon Kim, A Yeong Lee, Gyo Jeong Gu, Byeong Cheol Moon, Bo-In Kwon
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The root of Peucedanum japonicum Thunb is traditionally used to treat coughs, colds, headache and inflammatory diseases in Korea and Japan. Its effects on allergic lung inflammation have not been investigated. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the anti-asthmatic effects of Peucedanum japonicum extract (PJE) using a murine model of asthma and a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophage cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice underwent two rounds of sensitization with ovalbumin 1 week apart followed by four intranasal ovalbumin challenges on days 13-16...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918421/macrophage-activation-syndrome-at-the-onset-of-glucocorticoid-resistant-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-case-report
#16
Delia Tulbă, Marius Balea, Cristian Băicuș
INTRODUCTION: Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a life-threatening hyperinflammatory state mediated by uncontrolled cytokine storm and haemophagocytosis. Although rarely reported, MAS might occur in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), notably as an inaugural manifestation. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are the cornerstone of SLE therapy. However, in some cases high doses of GCs are required to achieve remission (i.e. glucocorticoid-resistance), leading to significant side effects. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old Romani male was admitted to our hospital for polyarthralgia, polyserositis and fatigability...
September 16, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917627/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-cd133-stem-progenitor-cells-infused-in-patients-with-end-stage-liver-disease-reveals-their-interplay-with-stromal-liver-cells
#17
Lucia Catani, Daria Sollazzo, Elisa Bianchi, Marilena Ciciarello, Chiara Antoniani, Licia Foscoli, Paolo Caraceni, Ferdinando Antonino Giannone, Maurizio Baldassarre, Rosaria Giordano, Tiziana Montemurro, Elisa Montelatici, Antonia D'Errico, Pietro Andreone, Valeria Giudice, Antonio Curti, Rossella Manfredini, Roberto Massimo Lemoli
BACKGROUND AIMS: Growing evidence supports the therapeutic potential of bone marrow (BM)-derived stem/progenitor cells for end-stage liver disease (ESLD). We recently demonstrated that CD133(+) stem/progenitor cell (SPC) reinfusion in patients with ESLD is feasible and safe and improve, albeit transiently, liver function. However, the mechanism(s) through which BM-derived SPCs may improve liver function are not fully elucidated. METHODS: Here, we characterized the circulating SPCs compartment of patients with ESLD undergoing CD133(+) cell therapy...
September 13, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916658/t-cells-deficient-in-diacylglycerol-kinase-%C3%AE-are-resistant-to-pd-1-inhibition-and-help-create-persistent-host-immunity-to-leukemia
#18
Weiqing Jing, Jill Alane Gershan, Sandra Holzhauer, James Weber, Katie Palen, Laura McOlash, Kirthi Pulakanti, Erin Wesley, Sridhar Rao, Bryon D Johnson, Matthew J Riese
Efforts to improve the efficacy of adoptive T cell therapies and immune checkpoint therapies in myelogenous leukemia are desired. In this study, we evaluated the anti-leukemia activity of adoptively transferred polyclonal cancer antigen-reactive T cells deficient in the regulator diacylglycerol kinase-zeta (DGKζ) with or without PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. In the C1498 mouse model of myeloid leukemia, we showed that leukemia was eradicated more effectively in DGKζ-deficient (DGKζ-/-) mice than wild-type mice. T cells transferred from DGKζ-deficient mice to wild-type tumor-bearing recipients conferred this benefit...
September 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916655/tethering-il2-to-its-receptor-il2r%C3%AE-enhances-anti-tumor-activity-and-expansion-of-natural-killer-nk92-cells
#19
Youssef Jounaidi, Joseph F Cotten, Keith W Miller, Stuart A Forman
Interleukin-2 (IL2) is an immunostimulatory cytokine for key immune cells including T cells and natural killer (NK) cells. Systemic IL2 supplementation could enhance NK-mediated immunity in a variety of diseases ranging from neoplasms to viral infection. However, its systemic use is restricted by its serious side effects and limited efficacy due to activation of T regulatory cells (Tregs). IL2 signaling is mediated through interactions with a multi-subunit receptor complex containing IL2Rα, IL2Rβ and IL2Rγ...
September 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914203/phytomedicines-are-efficient-complementary-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-atopic-dermatitis-a-review-of-mechanistic-insight-and-recent-updates
#20
Mohamad Aidil Tumpang, Nor Amlizan Ramli, Zahid Hussain
BACKGROUND: Phytomedicines have been well-accepted alternative complementary therapies for the treatment of a wide range of acute and chronic skin inflammatory diseases including chronic herpes, prurigo, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis (AD). Plethora of in vitro and in vivo studies have evidenced the therapeutic viability of phytomedicines, polyherbal formulations, plant-based materials and their decoctions for the treatment of mild-to-severe AD. OBJECTIVE: This review was aimed to summarize and critically discuss the convincing evidence for the therapeutic effectiveness of phytomedicines for the treatment of AD and explore their anti-AD efficacy...
September 13, 2017: Current Drug Targets
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