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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818647/malocclusion-class-ii-division-1-skeletal-and-dental-relationships-measured-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#1
Yiling Xu, Heesoo Oh, Manuel O Lagravère
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to locate traditionally-used landmarks in two-dimensional (2D) images and newly-suggested ones in three-dimensional (3D) images (cone-beam computer tomographies [CBCTs]) and determine possible relationships between them to categorize patients with Class II-1 malocclusion. METHODS: CBCTs from 30 patients diagnosed with Class II-1 malocclusion were obtained from the University of Alberta Graduate Orthodontic Program database...
August 14, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799798/abstracts-from-dietetic-research-event-june-8-and-9-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
St John's, Newfoundland was the host city of the 2017 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada and CFDR, the 2017 event was both an exciting and informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts that inspired attendees. The submissions for this year's Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR) event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The topics highlighted from this year's abstracts included: Clinical Research; Community-based Nutritional Care; Determinants of Food Choice; Dietary Intake; Dietetic Practice and Education; Food Security; Nutrition and Health Education; Nutritional Assessment and Therapy; Nutrition Attitudes; Nutrition Strategy Development Patient Services; Professional Development; Vulnerable Groups and their Nutritional Needs; and, Wellness and Public Health...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781051/an-exceptionally-preserved-three-dimensional-armored-dinosaur-reveals-insights-into-coloration-and-cretaceous-predator-prey-dynamics
#3
Caleb M Brown, Donald M Henderson, Jakob Vinther, Ian Fletcher, Ainara Sistiaga, Jorsua Herrera, Roger E Summons
Predator-prey dynamics are an important evolutionary driver of escalating predation mode and efficiency, and commensurate responses of prey [1-3]. Among these strategies, camouflage is important for visual concealment, with countershading the most universally observed [4-6]. Extant terrestrial herbivores free of significant predation pressure, due to large size or isolation, do not exhibit countershading. Modern predator-prey dynamics may not be directly applicable to those of the Mesozoic due to the dominance of very large, visually oriented theropod dinosaurs [7]...
July 31, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780314/a-high-definition-video-teaching-module-for-thyroidectomy-surgery
#4
Amr F Hamour, Adrian I Mendez, Jeffrey R Harris, Vincent L Biron, Hadi Seikaly, David W J Côté
OBJECTIVE: With the changing landscape of postgraduate surgical education to competency-based curricula, there emerges a need for alternative forms of training. Video teaching modules have been shown to be effective tools in surgical education, complementing traditional postgraduate curricula. There is a lack of validated modules described in the literature, specifically for teaching thyroidectomy. The primary objective of this study was to develop and validate a high definition video-based teaching module instructing thyroidectomy surgery to Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery trainees...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762613/visual-attention-to-ambiguous-emotional-faces-in-eating-disorders-role-of-alexithymia
#5
Esther Fujiwara, Veronica L Kube, Daniel Rochman, Alexander K Macrae-Korobkov, Vanessa Peynenburg
Eating disorders (EDs) are often accompanied by social-emotional problems. Recently, alexithymia has been suggested to explain objective emotion processing deficits in EDs. We tested if elevated levels of alexithymia may explain emotional face-processing problems in a mixed ED group (N = 24, 19 with anorexia and five with bulimia), comparing them with high-alexithymic (N = 25) and low-alexithymic healthy controls (N = 25). Participants judged the mixture ratio of clear and ambiguous facial emotion blends while eye movements were recorded...
August 1, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747168/the-biobank-for-the-molecular-classification-of-kidney-disease-research-translation-and-precision-medicine-in-nephrology
#6
Daniel A Muruve, Michelle C Mann, Kevin Chapman, Josee F Wong, Pietro Ravani, Stacey A Page, Hallgrimur Benediktsson
BACKGROUND: Advances in technology and the ability to interrogate disease pathogenesis using systems biology approaches are exploding. As exemplified by the substantial progress in the personalized diagnosis and treatment of cancer, the application of systems biology to enable precision medicine in other disciplines such as Nephrology is well underway. Infrastructure that permits the integration of clinical data, patient biospecimens and advanced technologies is required for institutions to contribute to, and benefit from research in molecular disease classification and to devise specific and patient-oriented treatments...
July 26, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731560/food-insecure-student-clients-of-a-university-based-food-bank-have-compromised-health-dietary-intake-and-academic-quality
#7
Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Noreen D Willows
AIM: University and college students in wealthy countries may be vulnerable to financial food insecurity. If food insecure students have suboptimal health, their ability to learn and excel in their education could be compromised. This Canadian study examined the relationship of food security status to diet and self-perceived health and academic quality among students receiving emergency food hampers from the Campus Food Bank at University of Alberta. METHODS: A convenience sample of 58 students completed a survey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680173/venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-on-general-internal-medicine-units-are-patients-well-served-by-current-practice
#8
Allison Mejilla, Micheal Guirguis, Sheri Koshman, Tammy J Bungard
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the most preventable hospital-associated complication, and implementation of appropriate VTE prophylaxis is a requirement for institutional accreditation. However, ambiguity and controversy exist within current recommendations, and greater clarity about and understanding of current utilization of VTE prophylaxis may be needed. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the proportion of patients receiving appropriate VTE prophylaxis (right drug, dose, frequency, and duration) within 24 h after admission to general internal medicine units...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654982/genetic-african-ancestry-is-associated-with-central-corneal-thickness-and-intraocular-pressure-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#9
Pieter W M Bonnemaijer, Colin Cook, Abhishek Nag, Christopher J Hammond, Cornelia M van Duijn, Hans G Lemij, Caroline C W Klaver, Alberta A H J Thiadens
Purpose: To unravel the relationship between African ancestry, central corneal thickness (CCT), and intraocular pressure (IOP) by estimating the genetic African ancestry (GAA) proportion in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients and controls from an admixed South African Colored (SAC) and a South African Black (SAB) population. Methods: In this case-control study, 268 POAG patients and 137 controls were recruited from a university clinic in Cape Town, South Africa...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#10
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596186/hepatitis-b-virus-testing-and-linkage-to-care-in-a-canadian-urban-tertiary-referral-centre-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Keith C K Lau, Abdel Aziz Shaheen, Alexander A Aspinall, Tazuko Ricento Ba, Kamran Qureshi Mba, Stephen E Congly, Meredith A Borman, Saumya Jayakumar, Bertus Eksteen, Samuel S Lee, Laura Stinton, Mark G Swain, Kelly W Burak, Carla S Coffin
BACKGROUND: Despite universal vaccination, chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a public health concern in North America owing to immigration. We aimed to characterize the number of people with a positive result of testing for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) in Calgary, a large urban Canadian health care region, and to assess whether recommended laboratory tests and specialist consultation were done for those identified as HBsAg-positive. METHODS: Based on laboratory and Alberta Health Services administrative data, we identified all adults (age > 18 yr) with a positive HBsAg test result from Jan...
June 6, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592725/useful-computed-tomography-score-for-estimation-of-early-neurologic-outcome-in-post-cardiac-arrest-patients-with-therapeutic-hypothermia
#12
Kyu Sun Lee, Sung Eun Lee, Jun Young Choi, Yu-Rha Gho, Minjung Kathy Chae, Eun Jung Park, Mun Hee Choi, Ji Man Hong
BACKGROUND: The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) is used to assess early ischemic stroke damage. This study compared bilateral ASPECTS (ASPECTS-b) with the gray:white matter ratio (GWR) and quantitative regional abnormality (QRA) to evaluate the prognostic utility of early computed tomography (CT) findings in post-cardiac arrest patients.Methods and Results:Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) who underwent brain CT (<6 h after onset) and therapeutic hypothermia were recruited from a university hospital over a 2-year period...
June 6, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580202/the-empty-chairs-approach-to-learning-simulation-based-train-the-trainer-program-in-mzuzu-malawi
#13
Elaine Sigalet, Ian Wishart, Norman Lufesi, Faizal Haji, Adam Dubrowski
Together, a group of Canadian colleagues from St. John's, Newfoundland, Calgary, Alberta (some via Doha) and London, Ontario introduced the first Train the Trainer in Simulation-Based Learning (TTT-SBL) program in Mzuzu Central Hospital and Mzuzu University in Malawi. The team led by Elaine Sigalet (Doha) and consisting of Ian Wishart (Calgary), Faizal Haji (London) and Adam Dubrowski (St. John's) was invited to Malawi by Norman Lufesi to conduct a two-day TTT-SBL course for facilitators who teach an Emergency Triage, Assessment and Treatment (ETAT) plus Trauma course...
May 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537087/a-comparison-of-characteristics-and-food-insecurity-coping-strategies-between-international-and-domestic-postsecondary-students-using-a-food-bank-located-on-a-university-campus
#14
Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Noreen D Willows
PURPOSE: We compared food insecurity status, coping strategies, demographic characteristics, and self-rated health of international and domestic postsecondary students requesting emergency food hampers from a campus food bank (CFB). METHODS: We collected data from a cross-sectional convenience sample of domestic and international students who accessed the CFB at the University of Alberta. RESULTS: Food insecurity was prevalent (international students: n = 26/27 (96...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534712/benefit-of-adjunct-universal-rectal-screening-for-chlamydia-genital-infections-in-women-attending-canadian-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinics
#15
Nguyen X Thanh, Ilke Akpinar, Jennifer Gratrix, Sabrina Plitt, Petra Smyczek, Ron Read, Philip Jacobs, Tom Wong, Ameeta E Singh
Adding universal rectal screening to urogenital screening should positively impact rectal Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) incidence in affected populations. A dynamic Markov model was used to evaluate costs and outcomes of three rectal CT screening strategies among women attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Alberta, Canada: universal urogenital-only screening (UG-only), additional selected (exposure-based) rectal screening (UG+SR), and additional universal rectal screening (UG+UR). The model included two mutually exclusive health states: infected and susceptible...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506972/career-and-research-outcomes-of-the-physician-scientist-training-program-at-the-university-of-calgary-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Jason T Bau, Alexandra D Frolkis, Nabeela Nathoo, Bryan G Yipp, Morley D Hollenberg, Paul L Beck
BACKGROUND: Physician-scientists are integral to medical research, with medical programs throughout Canada invested in training hybrid physician-scientists. Few data exist as to whether these programs are generating the diversity, gender equity and numbers of trainees essential for the future of medical research and teaching. We aimed to identify factors that contribute to research productivity, diversity and retention of individuals as physician-scientists. METHODS: We completed a retrospective cohort study, for the period 1973 to 2015, of the University of Calgary Leaders in Medicine Program in Calgary, Alberta...
May 15, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506815/postpartum-diabetes-testing-rates-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-canadian-women-a-population-based-study
#17
Sonia Butalia, Lois Donovan, Anamaria Savu, Jeffrey Johnson, Alun Edwards, Padma Kaul
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the rate and type of postpartum glycemic testing in women with impaired glucose tolerance of pregnancy (IGTp) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We examined whether the likelihood of testing was modulated by patients' characteristics and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Our population-level cohort study included data from 132,905 pregnancies between October 1, 2008, and December 31, 2011, in Alberta, Canada. Laboratory data within 270 days before and 1 year after delivery were used to identify pregnancies involving IGTp/GDM and postpartum glycemic testing, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351397/correlates-of-meeting-the-combined-and-independent-aerobic-and-strength-exercise-guidelines-in-hematologic-cancer-survivors
#18
James R Vallerand, Ryan E Rhodes, Gordon J Walker, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Most previous research on the correlates of physical activity has examined the aerobic or strength exercise guidelines separately. Such an approach does not allow an examination of the correlates of meeting the combined guidelines versus a single guideline, or one guideline versus the other. Here, we report the prevalence and correlates of meeting the combined and independent exercise guidelines in hematologic cancer survivors (HCS). METHODS: In a population-based, cross-sectional survey of 606 HCS from Alberta, Canada using a mailed questionnaire, we obtained separate assessments of aerobic and strength exercise behaviors, as well as separate assessments for motivations, regulations, and reflective processes using the multi-process action control framework (M-PAC)...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344717/a-digital-peer-to-peer-learning-platform-for-clinical-skills-development
#19
Jesse Basnak, Jennifer Ortynski, Meghan Chow, Emeka Nzekwu
BACKGROUND: Due to constraints in time and resources, medical curricula may not provide adequate opportunities for pre-clerkship students to practice clinical skills. To address this, medical students at the University of Alberta developed a digital peer-to-peer learning initiative. The initiative assessed if students can learn clinical skills from their peers in co-curricular practice objective structured clinical exams (OSCEs). METHODS: A total of 144 first-year medical students participated...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344715/the-emotional-intelligence-of-pediatric-residents-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#20
Scott A McLeod, Lyn K Sonnenberg
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a type of social intelligence. Excellent scores are achieved by displaying high levels of empathy in interpersonal relationships, strong skills in managing stressful situations as well as other personal competencies. Many of the social competencies that EI describes may have a direct impact on patient care. The objective of this study was to describe EI of pediatric residents and to identify if there are EI skills that should be selected for targeted intervention...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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