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"medical history"

Sultan Ayoub Meo, Faris Jamal AlMutairi, Majed Mohammed Alasbali, Turki Badr Alqahtani, Saad Saeed AlMutairi, Rakan Abdulaziz Albuhayjan, Fawziah Al Rouq, Naseer Ahmed
Plastic production is prominently increasing and its pollution is an emerging environmental global health concern. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among nonsmoking plastic industry workers. Three hundred and forty volunteers male plastic industry workers were interviewed after medical history and examination; finally, 278 nonsmoking plastic industry workers were selected. The mean age for the participants was 38.03 ± 10.86 years and body mass index was 25...
September 15, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Lakshmi Saladi, Sai Mounica Maddu, Masooma Niazi, Ajsza Matela
Recent advances in imaging techniques led to an increase in the incidence of synchronous and metachronous primary lung cancers due to early detection. Management of these patients is challenging and prognosis depends on the stage of the tumor at initial diagnosis and histological type. A 68-year-old African American male patient with medical history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus presented to our emergency department with right sided chest pain, worsening dyspnea and dry cough of 2-week duration. He also reported significant weight loss and was a smoker with 25 pack-years smoking history...
August 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Yuta Ushida, Shoichi Yoshimizu, Yusuke Horiuchi, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Tomohiro Tsuchida, Junko Fujisaki
Background: Metastatic gastric tumor originating from breast cancer (MGTBC) is rare. Endoscopically, gastric cancer (GC)-like lesions and submucosal tumors (SMT) are the features of MGTBC. Their clinicopathological characteristics are currently uncertain. We analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 patients with MGTBC to better understand the disease progression and thereby improve early detection methods. Methods: From 2006 to 2016, 11 patients with MGTBC diagnosed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) were included...
August 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Lisa McPherson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Mark A Cotleur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Nicholas Y Tan, Sharonne N Hayes, Phillip M Young, Rajiv Gulati, Marysia S Tweet
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has significant diagnostic and prognostic utility in myocardial infarction evaluation. However, its application in spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is not described. Patients with confirmed SCAD who had CMR performed within 8days of the index SCAD were reviewed. Clinical variables including demographics and medical history were recorded. CMR indexes, including myocardial delayed enhancement (MDE), microvascular obstruction, perfusion defects, left ventricular ejection fraction, and wall motion score index were measured...
August 20, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Qingxiu Yao, Qiang Song, Hui Wang, Haibo Shi, Dongzhen Yu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in children. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Six children diagnosed with BPPV between March 2014 and March 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. BPPV was diagnosed using the Dix-Hallpike and supine roll test and treated with either the modified Epley particle repositioning procedure or Lempert or Gufoni maneuver. Follow-up was performed at 1-week intervals until vertigo and nystagmus disappeared during positional testing...
September 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
S Richner-Wunderlin, A F Mannion, A Vila-Casademunt, F Pellise, M Serra-Burriel, B Seifert, E Aghayev, E Acaroglu, A Alanay, F J S Pérez-Grueso, I Obeid, F Kleinstück
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors that distinguish between patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) with and without an indication for surgery, irrespective of their final treatment. METHODS: Baseline variables (demographics, medical history, outcome measures, coronal, sagittal and neurologic parameters) were evaluated in a multicentre, prospective cohort of patients with ASD. Multivariable analyses were carried out for idiopathic and degenerative patients separately with the dependent variable being "indication for surgery" and baseline parameters as independent variables...
September 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
Simon Kwoon-Ho Chow, Jiang-Hui Qin, Ronald Man-Yeung Wong, Wai-Fan Yuen, Wai-Kit Ngai, Ning Tang, Chor-Yin Lam, Tak-Wing Lau, Kin-Bong Lee, Kwai Ming Siu, Sze-Hung Wong, Tracy Y Zhu, Wing-Hoi Cheung, Kwok-Sui Leung
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this registry-based retrospective study was to investigate the risk factors related to one-year mortality in displaced intracapsular fragility hip fracture patients. METHODS: Patients were screened from the Fragility Fracture Registry. Inclusion criterion was displaced intracapsular hip fracture patients with atypical or pathological fractures excluded. One-year mortality was investigated against risk factors including age, gender, past medical history, pre-fracture mobility (PFM), pre-operation ASA grade, delayed surgery over 48 h, post-surgical complications, and length of stay at acute orthopedic ward (LOS)...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Brent C Williams, Denege A Ward, Davoren A Chick, Eric L Johnson, Paula T Ross
PROBLEM: The traditional approach to physicians' history taking is designed to facilitate diagnosis and treatment of biomedical conditions. However, in the 21st century, health is critically influenced by the interaction of biomedical conditions and nonbiomedical factors such as patient's ability to manage chronic disease and the social determinants of health. Interventions to expand routine history taking to include nonbiomedical factors have not been widely adopted, possibly due to the difficultly of incorporating long checklists into routine care and the inability to achieve consensus on the relevant behavioral or social determinants of health content applicable to all patients...
September 14, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Farahnaz Amini, Naw May Thazin Oo, Patrick Nwabueze Okechukwu, Marjan Sadat Seghayat, Edmond Siah Chye Ng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The unknown pathogenesis of periorbital hyperpigmentation makes its treatment difficult. Existing evidence links p53 and VEGFA genes with skin hyperpigmentation. This study was aimed at (i) identifying the clinical pattern of periorbital hyperpigmentation; and (ii) detecting the presence of VEGFA and P53 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) in different subtypes of periorbital hyperpigmentation in Malaysian Chinese. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Malaysian Chinese...
September 14, 2018: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
Valeria Guglielmi, Gaetano Vattemi, Daniela Cecconi, Giulio Fracasso, Matteo Marini, Giuliano Tomelleri
M-line is the narrow transverse band located in the center of the sarcomeric A-band that is mainly responsible for the stabilization of myosin thick filaments. A 27-year-old male patient with a positive medical history for ankylosing spondylitis presented with one month of proximal upper limb muscle weakness associated with pain on both acromioclavicular joints. A biopsy of deltoid muscle documented the disappearance of M-line, the misalignment of myofilaments, and the loss of the distinction between the A and I bands...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
D Niebel, J Wenzel
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions (ADR) are common and may present clinically and histologically in a very heterogeneous manner. The pathophysiological understanding about causal immunological and non-immunological events has developed significantly over the past years. Skin and mucosa are commonly affected and are prone for histopathological examination. Certain groups of drugs such as immune checkpoint inhibitors may cause specific adverse reactions. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive overview of the complex immunological events and the most common dermatohistopathological findings of cutaneous adverse drug reactions...
September 13, 2018: Der Pathologe
S H Merchant, D Haubenberger, M Hallett
Background: Functional tremors can be diagnosed based on clinical and physiologic criteria such as entrainment, suggestibility, distractibility, variable nature with the associated clinical history of psychosomatic co-morbidities. The current case report highlights the underrecognized utility of neurophysiology in the correct diagnosis of tremors, providing useful clinical and neurophysiologic insights into clinical and physiological assessment of tremors. Case report: A 62-year-old woman with a past medical history of polio was referred by a movement disorders neurologist for evaluation of tremor with concerns of a likely functional etiology...
2018: Clinical Neurophysiology Practice
Yael I Nillni, Amelia K Wesselink, Elizabeth E Hatch, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Jaimie L Gradus, Kenneth J Rothman, Lauren A Wise
Purpose: To examine the influence of depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and psychotropic medication use on prospectively assessed menstrual cycle regularity and length. Participants and methods: Data were obtained from Pregnancy Study Online, a prospective cohort study of pregnancy planners from North America. At baseline, women reported information on demographics, anthropometrics, lifestyle, and medical history, including their use of psychotropic medications...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
Michelle Crouthamel, Emilia Quattrocchi, Sarah Watts, Sherry Wang, Pamela Berry, Luis Garcia-Gancedo, Valentin Hamy, Rachel E Williams
BACKGROUND: Using smartphones to enroll, obtain consent, and gather self-reported data from patients has the potential to enhance our understanding of disease burden and quantify physiological impact in the real world. It may also be possible to harness integral smartphone sensors to facilitate remote collection of clinically relevant data. OBJECTIVE: We conducted the Patient Rheumatoid Arthritis Data From the Real World (PARADE) observational study using a customized ResearchKit app with a bring-your-own-device approach...
September 13, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Elisabeth Russe, Hassan Kholosy, Laurenz Weitgasser, Michael Brandstetter, Heike Traintinger, Jennifer Neureiter, Gottfried Wechselberger, Thomas Schoeller
BACKGROUND: The transverse myocutaneous gracilis (TMG) flap is a viable option for the reconstruction of small- to moderate-sized breasts. The purpose of this series was to examine the outcomes of fat grafting to breast and donor site secondary to breast reconstruction with a TMG flap. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted to identify all patients who underwent autologous fat grafting after breast reconstruction with a TMG flap at two institutions between January 2009 and October 2013...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Crystal Sing Yee Tan, Alan Yean Yip Fong, Yuan Hsun Jong, Tiong Kiam Ong
BACKGROUND: Warfarin is an anticoagulant indicated for patients who had undergone mechanical heart valve(s) replacement (MHVR). In these patients, time in therapeutic range (TTR) is important in predicting the bleeding and thrombotic risks. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the anticoagulation control of warfarin using TTR in patients with MHVR in a tertiary health care referral Center. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively by reviewing clinical notes of outpatients who attended international normalized ratio (INR) clinics in November 2015...
September 10, 2018: Global Heart
Yuqing Zeng, Haiyong Ren, Junming Wan, Jianwei Lu, Fuhua Zhong, Shu Deng
RATIONALE: Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) is manifested as ipsilateral motor deficit and contralateral sensory loss. BSS caused by herniated cervical disc is extremely rare and easily be misdiagnosed, and clinical features of this problem were not fully understood. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 57-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of weakness in his right arm, and he experienced progressive right hemiparesis at 2 days before admission, along with contralateral deficit in sensation of pain and temperature below T2...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mohamed M Saleh, Susann Forkel, Michael P Schön, Thomas Fuchs, Timo Buhl
BACKGROUND: Natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy is commonly diagnosed according to medical history, skin allergy tests, and serological analyses. However, skin tests are increasingly being abandoned because of (i) their time-consuming nature, (ii) latex preparations for skin tests being not commercially available, and (iii) the use of in-house prepared test solutions is becoming ever more difficult due to increasing regulatory hurdles. In this light, we have evaluated differences in the profiles of current and former patients with suspected latex allergy...
September 13, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
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