keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"medical history"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944951/successful-application-of-the-ventriculo-gallbladder-shunt-a-salvage-procedure
#1
Bülent Guclu, Tufan Hicdonmez, Utku Adilay, Yunus Emre Altuntas
Ventriculo gallblader shunt is very rarely used in the treatment of hydrocephalus. A 44 year old male with ventriculoatrial shunt dysfunction was evaluated. His ventriculoatrial shunt was not working. His medical history revealed that his hydrocephalus was treated five times by venrtriculoperitoneal shunt, four times by ventriculoatrial shunt. Another trial for ventriculoperitoneal or ventriculoatrial shunting was not considered feasible. Ventriculo-gallbladder shunt as potential salvage procedure was placed to the patient...
July 29, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944316/relationship-between-anti-depressant-use-and-lung-cancer-survival
#2
Adriana Zingone, Derek Brown, Elise D Bowman, Oscar Vidal, Julien Sage, Joel Neal, Bríd M Ryan
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the anti-cancer properties of several commonly used drugs have been explored, with drugs such as aspirin and beta-blockers associated with improved cancer outcomes. Previous preclinical work demonstrated that tricyclic anti-depressants have antitumor efficacy in lung cancer. Our goal was to examine the association between anti-depressant use and survival in lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the association between use of common anti-depressants and survival in 1,097 lung cancer patients from the NCI-Maryland lung cancer study...
2017: Cancer Treat Res Commun
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944147/sigmoid-volvulus-in-young-patients-%C3%A4-new-twist-on-an-old-diagnosis
#3
Moaziz Sarfaraz, Syeda Rana Hasan, Shahid Lateef
According to the literature, sigmoid volvulus typically develops in patients of an older age with co-morbidities such as a psychiatric illness or a bed-bound chronic illness. Recent reports suggest that it should also be considered in young individuals without any preceding medical history. Abdominal roentgenography is a cheap and effective diagnostic modality that can avoid a delay in diagnosis. The treatment of colonic volvulus remains controversial and relies upon the procedure selected and the most appropriate therapeutic approach in terms of the clinical status of the patient, the location of the problem, the suspected existence or identification of peritonitis, bowel viability, and the expertise of the surgical team...
August 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944123/preventing-cushing-iatrogenic-cushing-syndrome-due-to-ritonavir-fluticasone-interaction
#4
Fasil Tiruneh, Ahmad Awan, Abiot Didana, Saumil Doshi
Ritonavir is commonly used in low doses to boost plasma levels of protease inhibitors in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. It is also a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450. We present a 50-year-old African American male with past medical history of HIV on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), which also included ritonavir and long standing asthma that has been treated with inhaled fluticasone, who presented with back pain. He had central obesity, prominent abdominal striae and wasted extremities on physical examination...
July 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942762/clinical-use-of-a-home-sleep-apnea-test-an-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-position-statement
#5
Ilene M Rosen, Douglas B Kirsch, Ronald D Chervin, Kelly A Carden, Kannan Ramar, R Nisha Aurora, David A Kristo, Raman K Malhotra, Jennifer L Martin, Eric J Olson, Carol L Rosen, James A Rowley
The diagnosis and effective treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults is an urgent health priority. It is the position of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) that only a physician can diagnose medical conditions such as OSA and primary snoring. Throughout this statement, the term "physician" refers to a medical provider who is licensed to practice medicine. A home sleep apnea test (HSAT) is an alternative to polysomnography for the diagnosis of OSA in uncomplicated adults presenting with signs and symptoms that indicate an increased risk of moderate to severe OSA...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942665/-infantile-haemangioma-clinical-and-demographic-characteristics-experiences-in-the-treatment
#6
Zsanett Renáta Csoma, Szandra Dalmády, Rita Ábrahám, Tamás Rózsa, Katalin Rácz, Lajos Kemény
INTRODUCTION: Infantile haemangiomas are the most common vascular tumours of infancy. The vast majority of the lesions do not require dermatological treatment due to their unique clinical course and the high rate of spontaneous regression. Approximately 10-15% of the tumours result in severe complications and sequale, requiring special management and close follow-up. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the data of the patients treated with infantile haemangiomas, and to summarize the results of the therapy during 4...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942563/polypharmacy-in-the-geriatric-oncology-population
#7
REVIEW
Lauren R Hersh, Kathryn Beldowski, Emily R Hajjar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores the multiple definitions, epidemiology, and impact of polypharmacy in geriatric oncology patients. Risk factors and clinical implications of polypharmacy are delineated and potential clinical approaches to reduce polypharmacy are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Most sources currently define polypharmacy as the administration of multiple medications that are non-essential, unnecessary, duplicative, or ineffective. Possible risk factors associated with polypharmacy in geriatric cancer patients include comorbid conditions, prescribing cascades, and hospitalization...
September 23, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942470/bisphenol-a-urinary-level-its-correlates-and-association-with-cardiometabolic-risks-in-lebanese-urban-adults
#8
Youssef Mouneimne, Mona Nasrallah, Nathalie Khoueiry-Zgheib, Lara Nasreddine, Nancy Nakhoul, Hussein Ismail, Mohamad Abiad, Lynn Koleilat, Hani Tamim
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor with multiple purported metabolic effects. This study aimed to measure BPA among Lebanese population, to identify its predictors, and to explore any link to metabolic disorders. A representative sample of 501 adults from Lebanon was recruited in a cross-sectional study. Urinary BPA was measured, and data were collected for anthropometric measurements, medical history, food intake, and laboratory markers of metabolic conditions. BPA data was divided into tertiles. A total of 89% of the subjects had detectable urinary BPA levels, with an overall mean of 3...
September 23, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941329/tokyo-guidelines-2018-initial-management-of-acute-biliary-infection-and-flowchart-for-acute-cholangitis
#9
Fumihiko Miura, Kohji Okamoto, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Horacio J Asbun, Henry A Pitt, Harumi Gomi, Joseph S Solomkin, David Schlossberg, Ho-Seong Han, Myung-Hwan Kim, Tsann-Long Hwang, Miin-Fu Chen, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, O James Garden, Kui-Hin Liau, Akihiko Horiguchi, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Dirk Joan Gouma, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Palepu Jagannath, Angus C W Chan, Wan Yee Lau, Itaru Endo, Kenji Suzuki, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Eduardo de Santibañes, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Eduard Jonas, Harjit Singh, Goro Honda, Koji Asai, Yasuhisa Mori, Keita Wada, Ryota Higuchi, Manabu Watanabe, Toshiki Rikiyama, Naohiro Sata, Nobuyasu Kano, Akiko Umezawa, Shuntaro Mukai, Hiromi Tokumura, Jiro Hata, Kazuto Kozaka, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Masamichi Yokoe, Taizo Kimura, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Koichi Hirata, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Kazuo Inui, Masakazu Yamamoto
The initial management of patients with suspected acute biliary infection starts with the measurement of vital signs to assess whether or not the situation is urgent. If the case is judged to be urgent, initial medical treatment should be started immediately including respiratory/circulatory management if required, without waiting for the definitive diagnosis. The patient's medical history is then taken; an abdominal examination is performed; blood tests, urinalysis, and diagnostic imaging are carried out; and a diagnosis is made using the diagnostic criteria for cholangitis/cholecystitis...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940665/prediction-of-persistent-post-operative-pain-pain-specific-psychological-variables-compared-with-acute-post-operative-pain-and-general-psychological-variables
#10
C Horn-Hofmann, J Scheel, V Dimova, A Parthum, R Carbon, N Griessinger, R Sittl, S Lautenbacher
BACKGROUND: Psychological variables and acute post-operative pain are of proven relevance for the prediction of persistent post-operative pain. We aimed at investigating whether pain-specific psychological variables like pain catastrophizing add to the predictive power of acute pain and more general psychological variables like depression. METHODS: In all, 104 young male patients undergoing thoracic surgery for pectus excavatum correction were studied on the pre-operative day (T0) and 1 week (T1) and 3 months (T2) after surgery...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940159/zinc-status-in-beta-thalassemia-major-patients
#11
Attanayaka Mudiyanselage Dilhara Sewwandi Karunaratna, Jamburagoda Gamage Shirani Ranasingha, Rasnayaka Mudiyanselage Mudiyanse
Beta thalassemia is a common monogenic hereditary hemoglobinopathy which is associated with compound complications. Zinc deficiency, which is commonly observed in thalassemia patients, is also associated with multiple health complications. The objective of this study was to determine the zinc status and its effect on the growth and immune functions of young beta thalassemia major patients. The study included 40 patients in comparison with age- and sex-matched 30 healthy individuals as controls. The patients were interviewed for socio-demographic variables, and their medical histories were obtained from the hospital files...
September 23, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938913/clozapine-induced-acute-gastrointestinal-necrosis-a-case-report
#12
Mark T Osterman, Caitlin Foley, Isaac Matthias
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is known to cause fecal impaction and ileus with resultant colonic necrosis due to compression of colonic mucosa. There are rare reports of clozapine causing necrosis of other portions of the gastrointestinal tract unrelated to constipation. We describe a case of acute necrosis of the upper gastrointestinal tract and small bowel to due to clozapine and quetiapine. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old white man with a past medical history of schizophrenia, maintained on clozapine and quetiapine, presented with hypoxic respiratory failure caused by aspiration of feculent emesis due to impacted stool throughout his colon...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938337/pulse-pressure-is-associated-with-plasma-amyloid-%C3%AE-transport-dysfunction
#13
Yu Jiang, Suhang Shang, Pei Li, Chen Chen, Liangjun Dang, Jin Wang, Kang Huo, Meiying Deng, Jingyi Wang, Qiumin Qu
OBJECTIVE: Increased pulse pressure (PP) has been implicated in the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease in middle-aged and elderly adults. Considering the close relationship between peripheral amyloid-β clearance and brain amyloid-β deposition, we investigated the potential association between PP and plasma amyloid-β transport function. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1118 participants underwent a health assessment and quantification of plasma amyloid-β and amyloid-β transporter expression...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937997/molecular-detection-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato-an-analytical-comparison-of-real-time-pcr-protocols-from-five-different-scandinavian-laboratories
#14
Malin Lager, Maximilian Faller, Peter Wilhelmsson, Vivian Kjelland, Åshild Andreassen, Rimtas Dargis, Hanne Quarsten, Ram Dessau, Volker Fingerle, Gabriele Margos, Sølvi Noraas, Katharina Ornstein, Ann-Cathrine Petersson, Andreas Matussek, Per-Eric Lindgren, Anna J Henningsson
INTRODUCTION: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common tick transmitted disease in Europe. The diagnosis of LB today is based on the patient´s medical history, clinical presentation and laboratory findings. The laboratory diagnostics are mainly based on antibody detection, but in certain conditions molecular detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) may serve as a complement. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the analytical sensitivity, analytical specificity and concordance of eight different real-time PCR methods at five laboratories in Sweden, Norway and Denmark...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937887/characteristics-and-associated-comorbidities-of-pediatric-dental-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#15
Alexandra Delfiner, Aaron Myers, Christie Lumsden, Steve Chussid, Richard Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and identify common comorbidities of children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia at Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic medical records of all children that received dental treatment under general anesthesia through the Division of Pediatric Dentistry from 2012-2014 were reviewed. Data describing patient characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance carrier, and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system), medical history, and justification for treatment were collected...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937780/-isolated-infectious-endocarditis-of-the-pulmonary-valve-a%C3%A2-case-report
#16
Jan Hrudka, Monika Grussmannová, Václav Mandys
Isolated infectious endocarditis of the pulmonary valve is a rare condition and represents 1,5-2% of all cases of infectious endocarditis. We present a case of a 37year-old woman without any relevant medical history. The woman was hospitalized with hallmarks of severe sepsis and bilateral pneumonia; she died several hours after admission with progressive multiorgan failure and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. Microbiologic examination approved Staphylococcus aureus as the etiological agent. The autopsy showed isolated endocarditis of the pulmonary valve, without any known predisposing factor...
2017: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937540/herpes-simplex-virus-esophagitis-in-immunocompetent-children-a-harbinger-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#17
Julia Fritz, Diana Lerner, Mariko Suchi
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common cause of infectious esophagitis. The aim of this retrospective study is to identify comorbid and predisposing conditions and sequelae of HSV esophagitis in immunocompetent children. We reviewed sixteen cases of HSV esophagitis diagnosed from January, 1982 to March, 2016. Five patients were immunosuppressed, 11 were immunocompetent and included in the study. Three (27%) had no other significant medical history. Five patients (45%) had repeat biopsies following their HSV infection which showed eosinophilic infiltrate consistent with current diagnostic criteria of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), one of whom had known EoE...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936931/patient-perspectives-on-transitions-of-surgical-care-examining-the-complexities-and-interdependencies-of-care
#18
Maynor G González, Kristin N Kelly, Ann M Dozier, Fergal Fleming, John R T Monson, Adan Z Becerra, Christopher T Aquina, Christian P Probst, Bradley J Hensley, Nick Sevdalis, Katia Noyes
This study examined a thematic network aimed at identifying experiences that influence patients' outcomes (e.g., patients' satisfaction, anxiety, and discharge readiness) in an effort to improve care transitions and reduce patient burden. We drew upon the Sociology and Complexity Science Toolkit to analyze themes derived from 61 semistructured, longitudinal interviews with 20 patients undergoing either a benign or malignant colorectal resection (three interviews per patient over a 30-day after hospital discharge)...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936434/prevalence-of-diabetic-foot-ulceration-and-associated-risk-factors-an-old-and-still-major-public-health-problem-in-khartoum-sudan
#19
Ahmed O Almobarak, Heitham Awadalla, Mugtaba Osman, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) is a major health problem across the globe. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of DFU and its associated risk factors in Sudanese individuals with diabetes. METHODS: Three hundred and ten individuals with type 2 diabetes, who have been on treatment for DM for at least 1 year and volunteered to participate, were enrolled in this study. Participants were interviewed using standardized pretested questionnaire to record medical history, socio-demographic, life style characteristics and presence of DFU...
September 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935511/pavia-experience-in-reoperative-pulmonary-endarterectomy
#20
Vera Nadia Merli, Nicola Vistarini, Valentina Grazioli, Antonio Sciortino, Maurizio Pin, Ilaria Parisi, Andrea Maria D'Armini
In our experience, we reperformed pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) in 10 patients who previously underwent a first PEA. We analyzed this cohort of patients to investigate the main causes of recurrence of symptomatic pathology and the clinical and hemodynamic results of redo surgery. Between 1994 and April 2016, 10 of 716 patients were reoperated at our institution. Available postoperative data were analyzed, and a comparison between first and second PEA hemodynamic and clinical results was carried out. In-hospital mortality rate was also evaluated...
August 24, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
108316
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"