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Keiji Matsumoto, Yoshitaka Suetsugu, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Toyomi Kotaki, Shin G Goto, Tetsuro Shinoda, Sakiko Shiga
Juvenile hormone (JH) biosynthesis is inhibited under short-day conditions in the brown-winged green bug Plautia stali. We investigated allatostatic molecules in the brain of P. stali. Methanol brain extracts strongly inhibited JH biosynthesis. The allatostatic activities of the brain extracts were heat stable but gently suppressed by trypsin treatment, indicating that the allatostatic molecules were peptides. Grybi-MIP1, found in Gryllus bimaculatus as an allatostatic molecule, inhibited JH biosynthesis in P...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Insect Physiology
Susana Pinto, Pedro Alves, Michael Swash, Mamede de Carvalho
AIMS OF THE STUDY: To compare the assessment of respiratory decline with conventional tests, measurement of diaphragm compound muscle action potential (CMAP) to phrenic nerve stimulation and diaphragm thickness to ultrasound (US) investigation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients followed for a short period of time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated in 40 consecutive ALS patients, the clinical functional scale (ALSFRS-R), forced vital capacity (FVC), maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV), maximal inspiratory (MIP) and expiratory (MEP) pressures, sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP), Diaphragm-CMAP (latency and amplitude) and diaphragm US (maximal and minimal diaphragm thickness during full inspiration and expiration, respectively)...
October 14, 2016: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
Xiantao Shen, Chuixiu Huang, Sudhirkumar Shinde, Kishore Kumar Jagadeesan, Simon Ekström, Emelie Fritz, Börje Sellergren
This work describes the preparation and investigation of molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) microgels (MGs) stabilized Pickering emulsions (PE) for their ability to catalyze the formation of disulfide bonds in peptides at the O/W interface. The MIP MGs were synthesized via precipitation polymerization and a programmed initiator change strategy. The MIP MGs were characterized using DLS analysis, SEM measurement and optical microscopy analysis. The dry and wet MIP MGs showed a hydrodynamic diameter of 100 nm and 280 nm, respectively...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Ya-Ping Pong, Yu-Chin Tsai, Yu-Chi Huang, Tsung-Hsun Yang, Meng-Chih Lin
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, perceived dyspnea, degree of fatigue, and activity of daily living with motor function and neurological status in stroke patients with stable congestive heart failure (CHF).This was a cohort study in a tertiary care medical center. Stroke patients with CHF and exertional dyspnea (New York Heart Association class I-III) were recruited. The baseline characteristics included duration of disease, Brunnstrom stage, spirometry, resting heart rate, resting oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), Borg scale, fatigue scale, and Barthel index...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hitomi Takada, Kaoru Tsuchiya, Yutaka Yasui, Natsuko Nakakuki, Nobuharu Tamaki, Shoko Suzuki, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Jun Itakura, Yuka Takahashi, Masayuki Kurosaki, Yasuhiro Asahina, Nobuyuki Enomoto, Namiki Izumi
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is considered the most effective treatment for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients unsuitable for resection. However, poor outcome after RFA has occasionally been reported worldwide. To predict such an outcome, we investigated imaging findings using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) with Sonazoid and serum tumor markers before RFA. This study included 176 early-stage HCC patients who had initially achieved successful RFA. Patients were examined using CEUS; their levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of AFP (AFP-L3), and des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin before RFA were measured...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Xian-Hua Wang, Qian Dong, Ling-Ling Ying, Shuai-Shuai Chi, Yao-Han Lan, Yan-Ping Huang, Zhao-Sheng Liu
In this study, a new molecularly imprinted polymer chiral stationary phase (MIP-CSP) was prepared utilizing molecular crowding agent for improvement the selective separation ability. S-amlodipine (S-AML), methacrylic acid (MAA), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA), and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) were selected as template, functional monomer, cross-linker, and molecular crowding agent, respectively. The composition of formulas for MIP-CSP was optimized, and the permeability and structural feature of resultant MIP-CSP were characterized...
October 15, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Chuan-Han Chen, Jeon-Hor Chen, Hung-Chieh Chen, Jyh-Wen Chai, Po-Lin Chen, Clayton Chi-Cheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) relies on the ability of medical staff to recognize cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage at the spine. However, difficulties with interobserver discrepancy sometimes occurred while reading magnetic resonance myelography (MRM) because clear image definition was lacking. In this study, we tried to determine which pattern of CSF distribution is more reliable for diagnosis of CSF leakage by using MRM. METHODS: From January 2012 to August 2014, 19 SIH patients and 27 healthy controls (HC) were recruited into our study; 10 of the 19 patients were recovered (SIH-R) after treatment...
October 12, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Cecilia Rossetti, Maren C S Levernæs, Léon Reubsaet, Trine G Halvorsen
Mass spectrometric assays are now of great relevance for trace compound analysis in complex matrices such as serum and plasma samples. Especially in the quantification of low abundant protein-biomarkers, the choice of the sample preparation is crucial. In the present paper immunocapture and Molecular Imprinted Polymers (MIPs) have been applied in the determination of pro-gastrin-releasing peptide, a Small Cell Lung Cancer marker. These affinity-based techniques were compared in terms of matrix effect, limits of detection, repeatability and extraction specificity...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Chih-Cheng Lai, Chin-Ming Chen, Shyh-Ren Chiang, Wei-Lun Liu, Shih-Feng Weng, Mei-I Sung, Shu-Chen Hsing, Kuo-Chen Cheng
The aim of this study was to establish predictors for successfully planned extubation, which can be followed by medical personnel. The patients who were admitted to the adult intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital and met the following criteria between January 2005 and December 2014 were collected retrospectively: intubation > 48 hours; and candidate for extubation. The patient characteristics, including disease severity, rapid shallow breath index (RSBI), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), cuff leak test (CLT) before extubation, and outcome, were recorded...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xialin Lu, Fangdi Wei, Guanhong Xu, Yanzi Wu, Jing Yang, Qin Hu
In this paper, a selective and sensitive sensor for the determination of p-aminophenol (PAP) was developed by grafting molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) on the surface of silica-coated CdTe quantum dots (CdTe@SiO2@MIPs). The obtained CdTe@SiO2@MIPs were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence intensity of CdTe@SiO2@MIPs was more strongly quenched by PAP than that of the structural analogues of PAP...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
Kenneth I Strauss, Kost V Elisevich
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy patients have distinct immune/inflammatory cell profiles and inflammatory mediator levels in the blood. Although the neural origin of inflammatory cells and mediators has been implied, few studies have measured these inflammatory components in the human brain itself. This study examines the brain levels of chemokines (8), cytokines (14), and vascular injury mediators (3) suspected of being altered in epilepsy. METHODS: Soluble protein extracts of fresh frozen resected hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and temporal cortex from 58 medically refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy subjects and 4 nonepileptic neurosurgical subjects were assayed for 25 inflammation-related mediators using ultrasensitive low-density arrays...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Francesco Trotta, Fabrizio Caldera, Roberta Cavalli, Marco Soster, Chiara Riedo, Miriam Biasizzo, Gloria Uccello Barretta, Federica Balzano, Valentina Brunella
BACKGROUND: L-DOPA is an amino acid precursor to the neurotransmitter dopamine that is extensively used as a prodrug for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. However, L-DOPA is an unstable compound: when exposed to light or added to aqueous solutions, it may degrade, compromising its therapeutic properties. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this work, a new type of drug-loaded cyclodextrin-based nanosponge, obtained using molecular imprinting, is described for the prolonged and controlled release of L-DOPA...
October 13, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Renata Spósito Roxo, Vivian Bertoni Xavier, Luiz Antônio Miorin, Andrea Olivares Magalhães, Yvoty Alves Dos Santos Sens, Vera Lúcia Dos Santos Alves
Introduction: Literature shows that patients undergoing hemodialysis present poor physical conditioning and low tolerance to exercise. They may also suffer from respiratory dysfunctions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on pulmonary function and functional capacity of patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis. Methods: Forty adult patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis were prospectively studied and randomized into two groups (control n = 20 and treatment n = 20)...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Oliver Hayden
High quality binders, such as antibodies, are of critical importance for chemical sensing applications. With synthetic alternatives, such as molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), less sensor development time and higher stability of the binder can be achieved. In this feature paper, I will discuss the impact of synthetic binders from an industrial perspective and I will challenge the molecular imprinting community on the next step to leapfrog the current status quo of MIPs for (bio)sensing. Equally important, but often neglected as an effective chemical sensor, is a good match of transducer and MIP coating for a respective application...
October 10, 2016: Sensors
Y Wu, L Wang, L Meng, G-K Cao, Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: In this study the levels of macrophage inflammatory protein-1α and NF-κB were measured in patients suffering acute kidney injury secondary to acute lung injury induced by mechanical ventilation and in controls, to determine whether they are differentially expressed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 160 patients were enrolled in our study: 40 had acute kidney injury secondary to acute lung injury induced by mechanical ventilation (group A), 40 had acute lung injury induced by mechanical ventilation, but no secondary acute kidney injury (group B), 40 were treated with mechanical ventilation but suffered no complications (group C), and 40 were treated with a conventional nasal catheter or oxygen mask inhalation (group D)...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Huiqin Guo, Jingjing Xiong, Wentian Ma, Minghuo Wu, Liushui Yan, Kexin Li, Yu Liu
Molecularly imprinted polymers were synthesized using mixed tea saponins as a template and acrylamide-β-cyclodextrin as a co-functional monomer for the specific binding and purification of tea saponins from the defatted cake extract of Camellia oleifera. The adsorption properties of the prepared polymers were systematically evaluated including adsorption kinetics, adsorption isotherms and selective recognition characteristics. It showed that the adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model (R(2) = 0...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Sergio Armenta, Miguel de la Guardia, Antonio Abad-Fuentes, Antonio Abad-Somovilla, Francesc A Esteve-Turrillas
Different highly selective sorbents have been evaluated for the treatment of food and biological samples to determine chloramphenicol residues by ion mobility spectrometry (IMS). Combination of a selective solid-phase extraction (SPE) and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction allowed a highly sensitive determination of chloramphenicol in water, milk, honey, and urine samples. The performance of selective SPE supports such as immunoaffinity chromatography (IAC) and molecular imprinted polymers (MIP) have been compared in terms of selectivity, sensitivity, trueness, precision, and reusability...
October 12, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Nathaniel B Bone, Zhongyu Liu, Jean-Francois Pittet, Jaroslaw W Zmijewski
Catecholamines, including β-adrenergic and dopaminergic neurotransmitters, have an essential role in regulating the "fight or flight" reflex and also affects immune cell proinflammatory action. However, little is known about whether catecholamines prevent dysfunction of metabolic pathways associated with inflammatory organ injury, including development of acute lung injury (ALI). We hypothesize that selected catecholamines may reduce metabolic alterations in LPS-stimulated macrophages and in the lungs of mice subjected to endotoxin-induced ALI, a situation characterized by diminished activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Zeinab Tahmasebi, Saied Saeed Hosseiny Davarani, Ali Akbar Asgharinezhad
In this work, a novel microextraction technique using molecularly imprinted polymer-coated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MIP-MWCNTs) in electromembrane extraction (EME) procedure is described. The method in combination with HPLC-UV was utilized to determine naproxen, as an acidic model drug, in urine, plasma and wastewater samples. For this purpose, MIP-MWCNTs were placed in the pores of polypropylene hollow fiber. The MIP-MWCNTs-EME method has the advantages of high selectivity and cleanup of MIP along with high enrichment ability of the EME in a single step extraction...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Marta Prieto-Vila, Ting Yan, Anna Sanchez Calle, Neha Nair, Laura Hurley, Tomonari Kasai, Hiroki Kakuta, Junko Masuda, Hiroshi Murakami, Akifumi Mizutani, Masaharu Seno
To grow beyond a size of approximately 1-2 mm(3), tumor cells activate many processes to develop blood vasculature. Growing evidences indicate that the formation of the tumor vascular network is very complex, and is not restricted to angiogenesis. Cancer cell-derived tumor vasculatures have been recently described. Among them, endothelial differentiation of tumor cells have been directly related to cancer stem cells, which are cells within a tumor that possess the capacity to self-renew, and to exhibit multipotential heterogeneous lineages of cancer cells...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
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