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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544921/in-situ-formed-copper-nanoparticles-templated-by-tdt-mediated-dna-for-enhanced-spr-sensor-based-dna-assay
#1
Pei-Xin Yuan, Sheng-Yuan Deng, Chen-Yu Zheng, Serge Cosnier, Dan Shan
For the efficient surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based DNA assay researching, signal amplification tactics were absolutely necessary. In this work, a sensitive SPR-DNA sensor was developed by employing in situ synthesis of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) templated by poly-T sequences DNA from terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated extension, and synergistically with nano-effect deposition as the mass relay. The objective of this strategy was manifold: firstly, tDNA hybridized with the optimal designed probes to active the TdT-mediated DNA extension onto the surface of SPR chip, resulted a long poly-T sequences ssDNA chain in dsDNA terminal onto surface of gold chip and characterized by SPR signal amplitudes...
May 18, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532300/engineered-polymeric-amphiphiles-self-assembling-into-nanostructures-and-acting-as-efficient-gene-and-drug-carriers
#2
Ruby Bansal, Pradeep Kumar
Nonviral gene delivery systems are finding widespread use due to their safety, rapid and economical production, and ease of modification. In this work, series of N-alkyl-substituted linear polyethylenimine (CP) polymers have been synthesized, characterized, and investigated about how degree of substitution (hydrophobic-hydrophilic balance) (i.e. N-alkylation) influenced the transfection efficiency. Mobility shift assay demonstrated efficient binding of plasmid DNA (pDNA). Transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity of CP polymers were assessed in vitro, which revealed that all the formulations exhibited higher transfection activity than linear polyethylenimine (lPEI) and commercial transfection reagents, Lipofectamine and Superfect, with negligible toxicity (MTT assay)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514924/rapid-and-annealing-free-self-assembly-of-dna-building-blocks-for-3d-hydrogel-chaperoned-by-cationic-comb-type-copolymers
#3
Zheng Zhang, Yuyang Wu, Feng Yu, Chaoqun Niu, Zhi Du, Yong Chen, Jie Du
The construction and self-assembly of DNA building blocks are the foundation of bottom-up development of three-dimensional DNA nanostructures or hydrogels. However, most self-assembly from DNA components is impeded by the mishybridized intermediates or the thermodynamic instability. To enable rapid production of complicated DNA objects with high yields no need for annealing process, herein different DNA building blocks (Y-shaped, L- and L'-shaped units) were assembled in presence of a cationic comb-type copolymer, poly (L-lysine)-graft-dextran (PLL-g-Dex), under physiological conditions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514850/dna-dendrimer-streptavidin-nanocomplex-an-efficient-signal-amplifier-for-construction-of-biosensing-platforms
#4
Yan Zhao, Shichao Hu, Huaming Wang, Kaiwen Yu, Yan Guan, Xiaoyun Liu, Na Li, Feng Liu
We develop a DNA dendrimer-streptavidin (SA) nanocomplex as a novel signal amplifier to create biosensing platforms for disease-related species. The DNA dendrimer-SA nanocomplex is fabricated by cross-linking the nonlinear hybridization chain reaction based DNA dendrimer with the SA-coupled linker DNA and possesses multiple sticky ends, a high molecular weight, and a hyperbranched nanostructure with large numbers of DNA duplexes. Taking advantage of the DNA dendrimer-SA nanocomplex and a label-free quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) technology, we first construct a mass-sensitive QCM biosensing platform for nucleic acids, which displays high selectivity and sensitivity, with a detection limit of 0...
May 25, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514711/self-assembly-of-dna-porphyrin-hybrid-molecules-for-the-creation-of-antimicrobial-nanonetwork
#5
Rina Kumari, Mohd Imran Khan, Sourav Bhowmick, Kislay K Sinha, Neeladri Das, Prolay Das
DNA derived well-controlled arrangement of porphyrins has emerged as promising hybrid nanostructures. Exceptional biocompatibility and DNA-directed surface addressability coupled with rich symmetry features of the porphyrin have made these hybrid nanostructures attractive candidates for potential biomedical and biotechnological applications. However, the noteworthy photophysical properties of porphyrin and related molecules when present in DNA based nanostructures are yet to be explored fully and should be a matter of intense research that may unearth a plethora of interesting applications of these nanostructures...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507286/complexes-of-dna-with-fluorescent-dyes-are-effective-reagents-for-detection-of-autoimmune-antibodies
#6
Ivana Domljanovic, Annika Carstens, Anders Okholm, Jørgen Kjems, Christoffer Tandrup Nielsen, Niels H H Heegaard, Kira Astakhova
To date, there are multiple assays developed that detect and quantify antibodies in biofluids. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of simple approaches that specifically detect autoimmune antibodies to double-stranded DNA. Herein we investigate the potential of novel nucleic acid complexes as targets for these antibodies. This is done in a simple, rapid and specific immunofluorescence assay. Specifically, employing 3D nanostructures (DNA origami), we present a new approach in the detection and study of human antibodies to DNA...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505598/interlocked-dna-topologies-for-nanotechnology
#7
REVIEW
Julián Valero, Finn Lohmann, Michael Famulok
Interlocked molecular architectures are well known in supramolecular chemistry and are widely used for various applications like sensors, molecular machines and logic gates. The use of DNA for constructing these interlocked structures has increased significantly within the current decade. Because of Watson-Crick base pairing rules, DNA is an excellent material for the self-assembly of well-defined interlocked nanoarchitectures. These DNA nanostructures exhibit sufficient stability, good solubility in aqueous media, biocompatibility, and can be easily combined with other biomolecules in bio-hybrid nano-assemblies...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504795/label-free-detection-of-dna-hybridization-with-a-compact-lspr-based-fiber-optic-sensor
#8
Savannah Kaye, Zheng Zeng, Mollye Sanders, Krishnan Chittur, Paula M Koelle, Robert Lindquist, Upender Manne, Yongbin Lin, Jianjun Wei
A miniaturized, robust, localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR)-coupled fiber-optic (FO) nanoprobe providing an integrated and portable solution for detection of DNA hybridization and measurement of DNA concentrations has been demonstrated. The FO nanoprobe was created by constructing arrays of metallic nanostructures on the end facets of optical fibers utilizing nanofabrication technologies, including electron beam lithography and lift-off processes. The LSPR-FO nanoprobe device offers real-time, label-free, and low-sample-volume quantification of single-strand DNA in water with high sensitivity and selectivity, achieving a limit of detection around 10 fM...
May 15, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497698/orthogonal-chemical-modification-of-template-synthesized-nanostructures-with-dna
#9
Taegon Oh, Jessie C Ku, Tuncay Ozel, Chad A Mirkin
Very few chemical strategies for the selective functionalization of nanostructures have been developed despite their potential for controlling high-order assembly processes. We report a novel approach for the selective chemical functionalization and localized assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures (rods), based upon the systematic activation (DNA functionalization) and passivation (self-assembled monolayers) of specific surface sites through the use of orthogonal chemical reactions on electrochemically grown metal nanorod arrays in porous anodic aluminum oxide templates...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492073/polyvalent-and-thermosensitive-dna-nanoensembles-for-cancer-cell-detection-and-manipulation
#10
Jinlu Tang, Yanru Yu, Hui Shi, Xiaoxiao He, Yanli Lei, Jingfang Shangguan, Xue Yang, Zhenzhen Qiao, Kemin Wang
Development of smart DNA nanostructures is of great value in cancer studies. Here, by integrating rolling circle amplification (RCA) into split aptamer design, a novel strategy of polyvalent and thermosensitive DNA nanoensembles was first proposed for cancer cell detection and manipulation. In this strategy, a long nanosolo ssDNA with repeated Split-b and Poly T regions was generated through RCA. Split-b supplied polyvalent binding sites while Poly T supported signal output by hybridizing with fluorophore-labeled poly A...
May 25, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489095/metrology-of-dna-arrays-by-super-resolution-microscopy
#11
Christopher M Green, Kelly Schutt, Noah Morris, Reza M Zadegan, William L Hughes, Wan Kuang, Elton Graugnard
Recent results in the assembly of DNA into structures and arrays with nanoscale features and patterns have opened the possibility of using DNA for sub-10 nm lithographic patterning of semiconductor devices. Super-resolution microscopy is being actively developed for DNA-based imaging and is compatible with inline optical metrology techniques for high volume manufacturing. Here, we combine DNA tile assembly with state-dependent super-resolution microscopy to introduce crystal-PAINT as a novel approach for metrology of DNA arrays...
May 10, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488874/an-optically-modulated-self-assembled-resonance-energy-transfer-pass-gate
#12
Craig D LaBoda, Alvin R Lebeck, Chris L Dwyer
We demonstrate an optically controlled molecular-scale pass gate that uses the photoinduced dark states of fluorescent molecules to modulate the flow of excitons. The device consists of four fluorophores spatially arranged on a self-assembled DNA nanostructure. Together, they form a resonance energy transfer (RET) network resembling a standard transistor with a source, channel, drain, and gate. When the gate fluorophore is directly excited, the device is toggled on. Excitons flow freely from the source to the drain, producing strong output fluorescence...
May 10, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488439/a-high-efficient-electrochemiluminescence-resonance-energy-transfer-system-in-one-nanostructure-its-application-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-microrna-in-cancer-cells
#13
Zhaoyang Li, Zongfan Lin, Xiaoyu Wu, Haotian Chen, Yaqin Chai, Ruo Yuan
The electrochemiluminesce (ECL) efficiency of luminous emitter can be enhanced by the means of electrochemiluminesce resonance energy transfer (ECL-RET) with a matched donor. However, generally, the donor and acceptor pairs were separated in different independent nanostructures, experiencing the challenging issues of limited energy transfer efficiency and luminous stability. Herein, we designed novel ECL-RET model within one nanostructure containing the donor of Tris (4,4'-dicarboxylicacid-2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium(II) dichloride (Ru(dcbpy)32+) and the acceptor of CdSe@ZnS quantum dots (QDs) for acting as the ECL emitter (QDs-Ru(dcbpy)32+), which significantly reduced the energy loss and improved the ECL efficiency of QDs because of the short path of energy transmission...
May 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487819/selective-detection-of-mg-2-ions-via-enhanced-fluorescence-emission-using-au-dna-nanocomposites
#14
Tanushree Basu, Khyati Rana, Niranjan Das, Bonamali Pal
The biophysical properties of DNA-modified Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) have attracted a great deal of research interest for various applications in biosensing. AuNPs have strong binding capability to the phosphate and sugar groups in DNA, rendering unique physicochemical properties for detection of metal ions. The formation of Au-DNA nanocomposites is evident from the observed changes in the optical absorption, plasmon band, zeta potential, DLS particle size distribution, as well as TEM and AFM surface morphology analysis...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485713/super-resolution-imaging-of-a-2-5-kb-non-repetitive-dna-in-situ-in-the-nuclear-genome-using-molecular-beacon-probes
#15
Yanxiang Ni, Bo Cao, Tszshan Ma, Gang Niu, Yingdong Huo, Jiandong Huang, Danni Chen, Yi Liu, Bin Yu, Michael Q Zhang, Hanben Niu
High-resolution visualization of short non-repetitive DNA in situ in the nuclear genome is essential for studying looping interactions and chromatin organization in single cells. Recent advances in fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using Oligopaint probes have enabled super-resolution imaging of genomic domains with a resolution limit of 4.9 kb. To target shorter elements, we developed a simple FISH method that uses molecular beacon (MB) probes to facilitate the probe-target binding, while minimizing non-specific fluorescence...
May 9, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477000/ros-generation-and-dna-damage-with-photo-inactivation-mediated-by-silver-nanoparticles-in-lung-cancer-cell-line
#16
Ahmed El-Hussein, Michael R Hamblin
Lung cancer is considered one of the major health problems worldwide and the burden is even heavier in Africa. Nanomedicine is considered one of the most promising medical research applications nowadays. This is due to the unique physical and chemical properties of materials at the nanoscale. Silver nanoparticles have been extensively studied recently in many biomedical applications especially in cancer treatment, since they possess multifunctional effects that make these nanostructures ideal candidates for biomedical applications...
March 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476885/small-teams-of-myosin-vc-motors-coordinate-their-stepping-for-efficient-cargo-transport-on-actin-bundles
#17
Elena B Krementsova, Ken'ya Furuta, Kazuhiro Oiwa, Kathleen M Trybus, M Yusuf Ali
Myosin Vc (myoVc) is unique among vertebrate class V myosin isoforms in that it requires teams of motors to move continuously on single actin filaments. Single molecules of myoVc cannot take multiple hand-over-hand steps from one actin binding site to the next without dissociating, in stark contrast to the well-studied myosin Va (myoVa) isoform. At low salt, single myoVc motors can, however, move processively on actin bundles, and at physiologic ionic strength, even teams of myoVc motors require actin bundles to sustain continuous motion...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475327/development-of-dna-nanostructures-for-high-affinity-binding-to-human-serum-albumin
#18
Aurélie Lacroix, Thomas G W Edwardson, Mark A Hancock, Michael D Dore, Hanadi F Sleiman
The development of nucleic acid therapeutics has been hampered by issues associated with their stability and in vivo delivery. To address these challenges, we describe a new strategy to engineer DNA structures with strong binding affinity to human serum albumin (HSA). HSA is the most abundant protein in the blood and has a long circulation half-life (19 days). It has been shown to hinder phagocytosis, is retained in tumors, and aids in cellular penetration. Indeed, HSA has already been successfully used for the delivery of small-molecule drugs and nanoparticles...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474844/one-pot-synthesis-of-multiple-protein-encapsulated-dna-flowers-and-their-application-in-intracellular-protein-delivery
#19
Eunjung Kim, Limor Zwi-Dantsis, Natalie Reznikov, Catherine S Hansel, Shweta Agarwal, Molly M Stevens
Inspired by biological systems, many biomimetic methods suggest fabrication of functional materials with unique physicochemical properties. Such methods frequently generate organic-inorganic composites that feature highly ordered hierarchical structures with intriguing properties, distinct from their individual components. A striking example is that of DNA-inorganic hybrid micro/nanostructures, fabricated by the rolling circle technique. Here, a novel concept for the encapsulation of bioactive proteins in DNA flowers (DNF) while maintaining the activity of protein payloads is reported...
May 5, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474522/shear-dependent-lc-purification-of-an-engineered-dna-nanoswitch-and-implications-for-dna-origami
#20
Ken Halvorsen, Megan E Kizer, Xing Wang, Arun Richard Chandrasekaran, Maria Basanta-Sanchez
As DNA nanotechnology matures, there is increasing need for fast, reliable, and automated purification methods. Here, we develop UHPLC methods to purify self-assembled DNA nanoswitches, which are formed using DNA origami approaches and are designed to change conformations in response to a binding partner. We found that shear degradation hindered LC purification of the DNA nanoswitches, removing oligonucleotides from the scaffold strand and causing loss of function. However, proper choice of column, flow rate, and buffers enabled robust and automated purification of DNA nanoswitches without loss of function in under a half hour...
May 8, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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