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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874242/chikungunya-outbreak-2017-in-bangladesh-clinical-profile-economic-impact-and-quality-of-life-during-the-acute-phase-of-the-disease
#1
Mohammad Sorowar Hossain, Md Mahbub Hasan, Muhammad Sougatul Islam, Salequl Islam, Miliva Mozaffor, Md Abdullah Saeed Khan, Nova Ahmed, Waheed Akhtar, Shahanaz Chowdhury, S M Yasir Arafat, Md Abdul Khaleque, Zohora Jameela Khan, Tashmim Farhana Dipta, Shah Md Zahurul Haque Asna, Md Akram Hossain, Km Sultanul Aziz, Abdullah Al Mosabbir, Enayetur Raheem
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus causes mosquito-transmitted infection that leads to extensive morbidity affecting substantial quality of life. Disease associated morbidity, quality of life, and financial loss are seldom reported in resources limited countries, such as Bangladesh. We reported the acute clinical profile, quality of life and consequent economic burden of the affected individuals in the recent chikungunya outbreak (May to September 2017) in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study during the peak of chikungunya outbreak (July 24 to August 5, 2017) to document the clinical profiles of confirmed cases (laboratory test positive) and probable cases diagnosed by medical practitioners...
June 6, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850984/phase-i-study-of-alpelisib-byl-719-and-trastuzumab-emtansine-t-dm1-in-her2-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer-mbc-after-trastuzumab-and-taxane-therapy
#2
Sarika Jain, Ami N Shah, Cesar A Santa-Maria, Kalliopi Siziopikou, Alfred Rademaker, Irene Helenowski, Massimo Cristofanilli, William J Gradishar
PURPOSE: Activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is an important resistance mechanism to anti-HER2 therapies. This study aimed to assess the safety and activity of alpelisib (a PI3Kα isoform-specific inhibitor) with T-DM1 in trastuzumab- and taxane-resistant HER2-positive MBC. METHODS: Patients with HER2-positive MBC that had progressed on trastuzumab-based therapy were treated with alpelisib daily and T-DM1 3.6 mg/kg every 3 weeks. The dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), adverse events, overall response rate (ORR), and clinical benefit rate (CBR = CR + PR + SD > 6 months) were assessed with descriptive statistics...
May 30, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762927/isolated-pulmonary-valve-fungal-endocarditis-with-candida-parapsilosis-management-considerations-of-a-rare-case
#3
Nirmal Guragai, Upamanyu Rampal, Rahul Vasudev, Dhaval Shah, Hiten Patel, Julius Salamera, Raja Pullatt, Fayez Shamoon
Pulmonary valve infections without the involvement of other valves account for only 1.5- 2% of all infective endocarditis cases. Isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis due to fungus is extremely rare. The case is presented of a 36-year-old male who was found to have isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis caused by a very rare organism, Candida parapsilosis, and that was solely managed with medical therapy. The patient was evaluated for three weeks of lowgrade fever, generalized rash and fatigue, and found to have C...
September 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719831/a-30-year-old-man-with-hiv-fever-and-a-rash
#4
Radhika Shah, Saami Khalifian, Lyn Duncan, Daniela Kroshinsky, Bonnie Mackool
Patients who present with papular rashes have a wide differential diagnosis particularly in the setting of immune compromise. A 30-year-old male diagnosed with HIV since 2009, never on antiretroviral therapy, with a nadir CD4 count of 333 cells/mm3 and a current viral load of 44,300 copies/mL, presented with a diffuse monomorphic papular eruption that began on his trunk and extremities and subsequently spread to the penis and scrotum, sparing the distal acral sites. A thorough infectious workup revealed a positive rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and varicella IgM and IgG antibodies...
January 2018: Dermatopathology (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567798/ponatinib-efficacy-and-safety-in-philadelphia-chromosome-positive-leukemia-final-5-year-results-of-the-phase-2-pace-trial
#5
Jorge E Cortes, Dong-Wook Kim, Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, Philipp D le Coutre, Ronald Paquette, Charles Chuah, Franck E Nicolini, Jane F Apperley, H Jean Khoury, Moshe Talpaz, Daniel J DeAngelo, Elisabetta Abruzzese, Delphine Rea, Michele Baccarani, Martin C Müller, Carlo Gambacorti-Passerini, Stephanie Lustgarten, Victor M Rivera, Frank G Haluska, François Guilhot, Michael W Deininger, Andreas Hochhaus, Timothy P Hughes, Neil P Shah, Hagop M Kantarjian
Ponatinib has potent activity against native and mutant BCR-ABL1, including BCR-ABL1T315I The pivotal phase 2 PACE trial evaluated efficacy and safety of ponatinib at a starting dose of 45 mg once daily in 449 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia resistant/intolerant to dasatinib or nilotinib, or with BCR ABL1T315I This analysis focuses on chronic-phase CML (CP-CML) patients (n=270) with 56.8-month median follow-up. Among 267 evaluable patients, 60%, 40%, and 24% achieved major cytogenetic response (MCyR), major molecular response (MMR), and MR4...
March 22, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523194/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-neonatal-infections-in-a-rural-bangladeshi-population-a-community-based-prospective-study
#6
Dipak K Mitra, Luke C Mullany, Meagan Harrison, Ishtiaq Mannan, Rashed Shah, Nazma Begum, Mamun Ibne Moin, Shams El Arifeen, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: Infections cause about one fifth of the estimated 2.7 million annual neonatal deaths worldwide. Population-based data on burden and risk factors of neonatal infections are lacking in developing countries, which are required for the appropriate design of effective preventive and therapeutic interventions in resource-poor settings. METHODS: We used data from a community-based cluster-randomized trial conducted to evaluate the impact of two umbilical cord cleansing regimens with chlorhexidine solution on neonatal mortality and morbidity in a rural area of Sylhet District in Bangladesh...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458797/man-with-rash
#7
Michelle Pitch, Pooja R Shah, Mary G Mercurio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258457/photosensitive-lichenoid-skin-reaction-to-capecitabine
#8
Rena A Shah, Daniel D Bennett, Mark E Burkard
BACKGROUND: Capecitabine is an oral prodrug of fluorouracil, which is a common agent used in the management of many solid tumor malignancies. Dermatologic reaction is common with various chemotherapy agents but is not commonly reported in the use of capecitabine. When adverse reactions of rashes occur, the offending agent is typically removed. We report here an unusual case of photosensitive lichenoid rash due to capecitabine which is managed conservatively without major alteration in treatment...
December 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197220/allergic-and-non-allergic-skin-reactions-associated-with-growth-hormone-therapy-elucidation-of-causative-agents
#9
Shilpa Mehta, Vikash Oza, Renee Potashner, Patricia Zamora, Manish Raisingani, Bina Shah
BACKGROUND: Allergic and non-allergic skin reactions to recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) are uncommon and infrequently reported. However, physicians should be aware of these potential side effects to determine whether the reactions constitute true allergies and how to proceed with growth hormone therapy. To review allergic and non-allergic skin reactions caused by rhGH and subsequent diagnostic workup and management options. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 12-year-old healthy male presenting with idiopathic short stature...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164007/adult-onset-still-s-disease-is-this-truly-a-diagnosis-of-exclusion
#10
Caleb W Anderson, Phalgoon A Shah, Jefferson R Roberts
Adult-onset Still's Disease is a rare, idiopathic, inflammatory disorder characterized by arthralgia, evanescent, salmon-colored rash, and daily fevers as well as lymphadenopathy, pharyngitis, splenomegaly, myalgias, and serositis. The inciting etiology of this syndrome is unknown, though it has been hypothesized that infection triggers an autoimmune response. The Yamaguchi Criteria, the most sensitive and widely used diagnostic criteria, requires both a minimum set of criteria to be met as well other potential etiologies to be excluded...
November 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076677/pattern-of-presentation-among-adults-hospitalized-with-dengue-disease
#11
Abdul Rauf, Nasir Hussain Shah Kazmi, Haidar Zaman, Saima Gillani, Tariq Shah, Faizan Malik, Shoaib Ismaeel
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a mosquito born viral infection that has rapidly spread in the world particularly in Southeast Asia. The aim of this hospital based study was to see the demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics in adults with dengue infection in Hazara region of Northern Pakistan. METHODS: This is a descriptive study. Clinical, laboratory and demographic information were collected from adult patients with suspected dengue infection (n=100) and then managed in one of medical units of tertiary care hospital in Abbottabad from August to October 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870517/phase-2-trial-of-capecitabine-gemcitabine-and-bevacizumab-in-sarcomatoid-renal-cell-carcinoma
#12
Abhishek Maiti, Maryam Nemati-Shafaee, Pavlos Msaouel, Lance C Pagliaro, Eric Jonasch, Nizar M Tannir, Amishi Y Shah
BACKGROUND: Patients with sarcomatoid renal-cell carcinomas (sRCC) have poor outcomes and limited treatment options. Preclinical and clinical data suggest susceptibility to cytotoxic agents and vascular endothelial growth factor-targeted therapies. We designed a phase 2 trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of capecitabine, gemcitabine, and bevacizumab in sRCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with metastatic or unresectable sRCC were eligible for inclusion. Patients received oral capecitabine 800 mg/m2 twice daily on days 1 to 21 of a 28-day cycle, intravenous gemcitabine 900 mg/m2 on days 1 and 15, and intravenous bevacizumab 10 mg/kg on days 1 and 15...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839301/clinical-manifestations-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-in-khyber-pakhtunkhwa
#13
Adnan Khan, Mohammad Hassan Shah, Muhammad Nauman, Itizaz Hakim, Gulrukh Shahid, Palwasha Niaz, Haseeba Sethi, Shumaila Aziz, Maria Arabdin
OBJECTIVE: To determine major symptoms and signs in patients of systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Lady Reading Hospital, Khyber Teaching Hospital and Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan, from January 15, 2014, to August 15, 2016, and comprised patients of systemic lupus erythematosus. Data was collected through an interview-based questionnaire containing questions about different symptoms. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637844/a-dirty-cause-of-vancomycin-mediated-henoch-schonlein-purpura-oxygen-tubing-is-not-a-foley
#14
Nikhil H Shah, Kristopher P Kline, Manas K Shukla
A 59-year-old male presented with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia from a prostatic abscess and was treated with vancomycin. Two weeks into his treatment course, he developed severe joint pains, abdominal pain with bloody, mucinous stools and a diffuse palpable purpuric rash on his extremities. Biopsy of the rash showed IgA immune-complex deposition consistent with Henoch-Schönlein purpura. After treatment with glucocorticoids, his symptoms resolved completely. Vancomycin is an extremely commonly used antibiotic with certain well-known adverse effects...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619614/rapid-ex-vivo-examination-of-mohs-specimens-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#15
D Rashed, D Shah, A Freeman, R J Cook, C Hopper, C M Perrett
BACKGROUND: Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is an effective treatment for certain non-melanoma skin cancers. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a biomedical imaging modality that permits high-resolution imaging of the epidermis and dermis with the potential to detect both healthy tissue and tumour. OCT may also provide a means of detecting and differentiating between the various histological subtypes of basal cell carcinomas (BCC) in vivo. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective ex vivo study was to evaluate the efficacy of OCT in recognising healthy and pathological margins of excised BCC lesions and detecting different BCC subtypes...
September 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614476/integrated-community-case-management-iccm-of-childhood-infection-saves-lives-in-hard-to-reach-communities-in-nicaragua
#16
Dixmer Rivera, Rashed Shah, Tanya Guenther, Meredith Adamo, Jeanne Koepsell, Carmen Maria Reyes, Mary McInerney, David R Marsh
Objective: To describe Nicaragua's integrated community case management (iCCM) program for hard-to-reach, rural communities and to evaluate its impact using monitoring data, including annual, census-based infant mortality data. Method: This observational study measured the strength of iCCM implementation and estimated trends in infant mortality during 2007-2013 in 120 remote Nicaraguan communities where brigadistas ("health brigadiers") offered iCCM services to children 2-59 months old...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597554/clinical-outcomes-in-a-specialist-male-genital-skin-clinic-prospective-follow-up-of-600-patients
#17
M Shah
It is important to assess outcomes for medical interventions in order to focus scarce resources on outcomes with a known positive benefit. An open, observational study was performed to assess the clinical outcomes of 600 male patients with a genital skin problem attending a specialist secondary care dermatology facility. Patients were mainly referred by general practitioners and genitourinary medicine physicians. Outcome was measured at 3 and 6 months, and was determined by clinical examination and assessment of patient symptoms...
October 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446514/autoimmune-polyendocrine-syndrome-type-1-in-an-indian-cohort-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Ghazala Zaidi, Vijayalakshmi Bhatia, Saroj K Sahoo, Aditya Narayan Sarangi, Niharika Bharti, Li Zhang, Liping Yu, Daniel Eriksson, Sophie Bensing, Olle Kämpe, Nisha Bharani, Surendra Kumar Yachha, Anil Bhansali, Alok Sachan, Vandana Jain, Nalini Shah, Rakesh Aggarwal, Amita Aggarwal, Muthuswamy Srinivasan, Sarita Agarwal, Eesh Bhatia
OBJECTIVE: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive organ-specific autoimmunity. There is scant information on APS1 in ethnic groups other than European Caucasians. We studied clinical aspects and autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene mutations in a cohort of Indian APS1 patients. DESIGN: Twenty-three patients (19 families) from six referral centres in India, diagnosed between 1996 and 2016, were followed for [median (range)] 4 (0...
July 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430753/impact-of-chlorhexidine-cord-cleansing-on-mortality-omphalitis-and-cord-separation-time-among-facility-born-babies-in-nepal-and-bangladesh
#19
Luke C Mullany, Shams El Arifeen, Subarna K Khatry, Joanne Katz, Rashed Shah, Abdullah H Baqui, James M Tielsch
Guidance is needed regarding potential extension of the World Health Organization recommendation for cord cleansing with chlorhexidine to babies born in facilities. Among 3223 facility-born babies from Nepal and Bangladesh, mortality was approximately halved among those allocated to the intervention clusters [10.5/1000 vs. 19.4/1000; relative risk (RR): 0.54; 95% confidence interval: 0.30-0.97]. In high-mortality settings, a single policy for home and facility births is warranted.
October 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420253/myths-on-chemical-burns-in-the-diaper-area
#20
Kara Shah
Over the past several years, a number of articles and online posts have circulated on the Internet associating use of disposable and cloth diapers with chemical burns on babies' skin. Because both mild chemical burns and diaper dermatitis (diaper rash) can cause skin redness and peeling, it is not surprising that some confusion has arisen regarding the association between these two conditions. However, diapers cannot cause chemical burns because they are made of inert materials. Diaper rash and chemical burns are distinct conditions that require different evaluation and treatment, which is why it is important for pediatricians to help parents understand the difference...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
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