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European association dysphagia

Sanne Høxbroe Michaelsen, Christian Grønhøj, Jacob Høxbroe Michaelsen, Jeppe Friborg, Christian von Buchwald
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is rapidly increasing in incidence and has a favourable prognosis compared with HPV-negative disease. Current combined therapies include significant risks of morbidity for the growing group of survivors. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates how treatment affects quality of life (QoL) in survivors of oropharyngeal cancer. PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for all studies reporting patient-assessed QoL at least 1 year after treatment for OPC...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
Rikke Daugaard, Trille Kjaer, Christoffer Johansen, Jane Christiansen, Elo Andersen, Anni L Nielsen, Susanne O Dalton
BACKGROUND: Many survivors of head-and-neck cancer (HNC) suffer from late effects. Their overall quality of life deteriorates during treatment, followed by a slow recovery up to five years after treatment. We examined the association between the severity of physician-assessed late effects and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) reported by survivors of HNC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis was based on data collected during follow-up for 136 survivors of cancer in the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, or salivary glands...
February 2017: Acta Oncologica
Jeong-Hwan Lee, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Yun Suk Choi, Tae Han Kim, Yeon-Ju Huh, Yun-Suhk Suh, Seong-Ho Kong, Han-Kwang Yang
PURPOSE: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality-of-life questionnaire-OG25 was developed to evaluate the quality of life in patients with stomach and esophageal cancer. The following are included in the OG25 but not in the STO22: odynophagia, choked when swallowing, weight loss, trouble eating with others, trouble swallowing saliva, trouble talking, and trouble with coughing. In this study, we evaluated the quality of life of gastrectomized patients using both, the OG25 and the STO22...
December 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Christina Schröder, Rita Engenhart-Cabillic, Hilke Vorwerk, Michael Schmidt, Winfried Huhnt, Eyck Blank, Dietrich Sidow, André Buchali
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) is an important factor in patient care. This analysis is focused on QoL before and after radio(chemo)therapy in patients with thoracic carcinomas, as well as on its influence on clinical follow-up and survival, and the correlation with treatment-related toxicities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis included 81 patients with intrathoracic carcinoma receiving radio(chemo)therapy. For analysis of QoL, the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) and the lung cancer-specific supplement (EORTC QLQ-LC13) were used...
February 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Laura Wj Baijens, Pere Clavé, Patrick Cras, Olle Ekberg, Alexandre Forster, Gerald F Kolb, Jean-Claude Leners, Stefano Masiero, Jesús Mateos-Nozal, Omar Ortega, David G Smithard, Renée Speyer, Margaret Walshe
This position document has been developed by the Dysphagia Working Group, a committee of members from the European Society for Swallowing Disorders and the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, and invited experts. It consists of 12 sections that cover all aspects of clinical management of oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) related to geriatric medicine and discusses prevalence, quality of life, and legal and ethical issues, as well as health economics and social burden. OD constitutes impaired or uncomfortable transit of food or liquids from the oral cavity to the esophagus, and it is included in the World Health Organization's classification of diseases...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
T V K Herregods, A J P M Smout, J L S Ooi, D Sifrim, A J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: With the advent of high-resolution manometry (HRM), a new diagnosis, jackhammer esophagus, was introduced. Little is known about this rare condition, and the relationship between symptoms and hypercontractility is not always straightforward. The aim of our study was to describe a large cohort of patients with jackhammer esophagus and to investigate whether manometric findings are associated with the presence of symptoms. METHODS: All patients from 06, 2014 until 12, 2015 seen at two tertiary centers with at least one hypercontractile swallow (distal contractile integral [DCI] >8000 mm Hg/s/cm) on HRM were analyzed...
October 17, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Manon C W Spaander, Todd H Baron, Peter D Siersema, Lorenzo Fuccio, Brigitte Schumacher, Àngels Escorsell, Juan-Carlos Garcia-Pagán, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Massimo Conio, Antonella de Ceglie, Janusz Skowronek, Marianne Nordsmark, Thomas Seufferlein, André Van Gossum, Cesare Hassan, Alessandro Repici, Marco J Bruno
This Guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE), endorsed by the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), the European Society of Digestive Endoscopy (ESDO), and the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was adopted to define the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence. Main recommendations for malignant disease 1 ESGE recommends placement of partially or fully covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) for palliative treatment of malignant dysphagia over laser therapy, photodynamic therapy, and esophageal bypass (strong recommendation, high quality evidence)...
October 2016: Endoscopy
Haissan Iftikhar, Moghira Iqbaluddin Siddiqui, Khurram Minhas
Lymphoma is a malignant tumour arising from lymphoid tissue, with the majority of cases being in the lymph nodes, however, in 1/4th of cases, these tumours are found in extralymphoid tissue. Lymphoid tissue is also found in organs having mucosa, such as the digestive tract, salivary gland and in tracheal tissue. This collection of lymphoid tissue is known as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving this extralymphoidal lymph tissue is known as MALT lymphoma. It was first reported by Isaacson and Wright in 1983, however, it was not included as a working diagnosis in clinical use until it was reclassified as 'marginal zone B-cell lymphoma' in a 1994 Revised European American Lymphoma (REAL) classification...
February 24, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Steffi Hillmann, Silke Wiedmann, Alec Fraser, Juan Baeza, Anthony Rudd, Bo Norrving, Kjell Asplund, Maciej Niewada, Martin Dennis, Peter Hermanek, Charles D A Wolfe, Peter U Heuschmann
Background. Data on potential variations in delivery of appropriate stroke care over time are scarce. We investigated temporal changes in the quality of acute hospital stroke care across five national audits in Europe over a period of six years. Methods. Data were derived from national stroke audits in Germany, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, and England/Wales/Northern Ireland participating within the European Implementation Score (EIS) collaboration. Temporal changes in predefined quality indicators with comparable information between the audits were investigated...
2015: BioMed Research International
Cesare Piazza, Diego Barbieri, Francesca Del Bon, Paola Grazioli, Pietro Perotti, Alberto Paderno, Barbara Frittoli, Giancarlo Mazza, Sara Penco, Giovanna Gaggero, Piero Nicolai, Giorgio Peretti
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To seek a correlation between the four types of transoral supraglottic laryngectomies (TSLs) according to the European Laryngological Society (ELS) and postoperative morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series at an academic institution. METHODS: Chart review was done for 96 patients affected by T1-T3 supraglottic cancers (28 pT1, 46 pT2, 22 pT3) treated by TSL (29 type I, 14 type II, 35 type III, 18 type IV) with CO2 laser...
May 2016: Laryngoscope
Iain Alexander Murray, Stephne Joyce, Joanne Palmer, Michael Lau, Michael Schultz
OBJECTIVE: The incidence and symptoms associated with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) varies with geographic location, present in 7-15% dysphagic European or North American adults. We aimed to determine incidence and features of EoE in a dysphagic New Zealand population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 101 consecutive patients presenting with dysphagia to a New Zealand teaching hospital completed a questionnaire (demographics and history) before upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and esophageal biopsies...
March 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Helen Larsson, Karin Bergman, Caterina Finizia, Leif Johansson, Mogens Bove, Henrik Bergquist
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune/antigen-mediated disease, with dysphagia as the main symptom. The aim of this study was to survey symptoms and health-related quality of life in adult patients with EoE at least 1 year after diagnosis and a 2-month course of topical corticosteroids. Forty-seven consecutive patients [79 % males, mean age 49 years (range 18-90 years)] were evaluated using three different questionnaires at three different occasions: the Watson Dysphagia Scale (WDS), the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Oesophageal Module 18 (EORTC QLQ-OES18) and the Short Form-36 (SF-36)...
December 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Alicja Raginis-Zborowska, Krisztina Mekli, Antony Payton, William Ollier, Shaheen Hamdy, Neil Pendleton
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties (dysphagia) affect a significant proportion of community dwelling older individuals, being more prevalent in age-associated neurological conditions such as stroke and Parkinson's disease. The genetic determinants of dysphagia are still being explored and have largely been studied through candidate gene analysis approaches. The aim of the study was to perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of common genetic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and self-reported swallowing impairments in a longitudinal cohort of community dwelling older adults...
September 2015: Experimental Gerontology
Tai-Lin Huang, Chih-Yen Chien, Wen-Ling Tsai, Kuan-Cho Liao, Shang-Yu Chou, Hsin-Ching Lin, Sheng Dean Luo, Tsair-Fwu Lee, Chien-Hung Lee, Fu-Min Fang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate late toxicities and quality of life (QOL) of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with long-term survival after treatment by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) versus non-IMRT. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional study of QOL and late toxicities was conducted in 242 patients with NPC with survival of >5 years after treatment with IMRT (n = 100) or non-IMRT (n = 142) by using physician-assessed toxicities (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version 4) and the patient-reported European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30-questions (EORTC QLQ-C30) and the Head and Neck 35-questions (EORTC QLQ-C30-H&N35) module...
April 2016: Head & Neck
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Gastrostomy feeding is commonly used to support patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis who develop severe dysphagia. Although recommended by both the American Academy of Neurology and the European Federation of Neurological Societies, currently little evidence indicates the optimum method and timing for gastrostomy insertion. We aimed to compare gastrostomy insertion approaches in terms of safety and clinical outcomes. METHODS: In this large, longitudinal, prospective cohort study (ProGas), we enrolled patients with a diagnosis of definite, probable, laboratory supported, or possible amyotrophic lateral sclerosis who had agreed with their treating clinicians to undergo gastrostomy at 24 motor neuron disease care centres or clinics in the UK...
July 2015: Lancet Neurology
M Hecht, L Zimmer, C Loquai, C Weishaupt, R Gutzmer, B Schuster, S Gleisner, B Schulze, S M Goldinger, C Berking, A Forschner, P Clemens, G Grabenbauer, T Müller-Brenne, J Bauch, H T Eich, S Grabbe, D Schadendorf, G Schuler, P Keikavoussi, S Semrau, R Fietkau, L V Distel, L Heinzerling
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that ionizing radiation may be associated with unexpected side-effects in melanoma patients treated with concomitant BRAF inhibitors. A large multicenter analysis was carried out to generate reliable safety data and elucidate the mechanism. METHODS: A total of 161 melanoma patients from 11 European skin cancer centers were evaluated for acute and late toxicity, of whom 70 consecutive patients received 86 series of radiotherapy with concomitant BRAF inhibitor therapy...
June 2015: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Giorgos Papaspyrou, Bernhard Schick, Spyros Papaspyrou, Susanne Wiegand, Basel Al Kadah
Surgical intervention is the gold standard of treatment for Zenker's diverticulum. The aim of this study was to examine the role of laser surgery in a large number of patients with this pathological entity. The data of 91 consecutive patients treated due to Zenker's diverticulum with the aid of CO2 laser in three institutions (Homburg/Saar and Marburg, Germany/Athens, Greece) during the last 10 years were retrospectively analyzed. Parameters examined were sex, age, preoperative symptoms, length of operation and complications, revision surgery necessity and degree of patient satisfaction...
January 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Silke Wiedmann, Steffi Hillmann, Sònia Abilleira, Martin Dennis, Peter Hermanek, Maciej Niewada, Bo Norrving, Kjell Asplund, Anthony G Rudd, Charles D A Wolfe, Peter U Heuschmann
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We compared compliance with standards of acute stroke care between 6 European audits and identified factors associated with delivery of appropriate care. METHODS: Data were derived from stroke audits in Germany, Poland, Scotland, Catalonia, Sweden, and England/Wales/Northern-Ireland participating within the European Implementation Score (EIS) collaboration. Associations between demographic and clinical characteristics with adherence to predefined quality indicators were investigated by hierarchical logistic regression analyses...
February 2015: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
J C R Wormald, J Bennett, M van Leuven, M P N Lewis
Long-term survival after esophagectomy is improving, and hence, quality of life (QOL) of these patients has become a priority. There has been extensive debate regarding the optimal site of surgical anastomosis (cervical or intrathoracic). We aimed to evaluate the impact of anastomotic site on long-term QOL postesophagectomy. Quality of life questionnaires (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] C-30 and OG-25) were sent to patients surviving over 3 years following esophagectomy. The data were analyzed by site of esophagogastric anastomosis: intrathoracic or cervical...
January 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Ongchang Shen, Jue Wang, Wenhuan Li, Weiwei Yi, Weibo Wang
Esophageal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality and surgery is currently the main treatment modality for resectable esophageal cancer. To assess health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) following esophagectomy, 62 consecutive patients with middle ESCC were randomly assigned into hand video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (HVATS) (n=33) and Ivor-Lewis surgery (ILS) (n=29) groups. Quality of life questionnaires (QLQ)-C30 and QLQ-OES18, published by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, were used prior to treatment and at regular intervals until 6 months following surgery...
January 2015: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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