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Abdullah h baqui

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843165/neonatal-mortality-within-24%C3%A2-hours-of-birth-in-six-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#1
Abdullah H Baqui, Dipak K Mitra, Nazma Begum, Lisa Hurt, Seyi Soremekun, Karen Edmond, Betty Kirkwood, Nita Bhandari, Sunita Taneja, Sarmila Mazumder, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Ilyas, Murtaza Ali, Imran Ahmed, Shabina Ariff, Sajid B Soofi, Sunil Sazawal, Usha Dhingra, Arup Dutta, Said M Ali, Shaali M Ame, Katherine Semrau, Fern M Hamomba, Caroline Grogan, Davidson H Hamer, Rajiv Bahl, Sachiyo Yoshida, Alexander Manu
OBJECTIVE: To estimate neonatal mortality, particularly within 24 hours of birth, in six low- and lower-middle-income countries. METHODS: We analysed epidemiological data on a total of 149 570 live births collected between 2007 and 2013 in six prospective randomized trials and a cohort study from predominantly rural areas of Bangladesh, Ghana, India, Pakistan, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia. The neonatal mortality rate and mortality within 24 hours of birth were estimated for all countries and mortality within 6 hours was estimated for four countries with available data...
October 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843130/reduction-of-childhood-pneumonia-mortality-in-the-sustainable-development-era
#2
Eric D McCollum, Carina King, Laura L Hammitt, Amy S Ginsburg, Tim Colbourn, Abdullah H Baqui, Katherine L O'Brien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455441/prevalence-serotype-distribution-and-mortality-risk-associated-with-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-of-newborns-in-rural-bangladesh
#3
Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Samir K Saha, Maksuda Islam, Joyanta K Modak, Rashed Shah, Radwanur R Talukder, Shams El Arifeen, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Luke C Mullany
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a predominant cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EOS) globally; however, the impact of this organism on the health of newborns in South Asia is debated, due in part to a paucity of community-based assessments. We estimated the prevalence and serotypes of GBS colonization of the umbilical cord stump, and the association of colonization with mortality in a population-based cohort of newborns in rural Sylhet District, Bangladesh. METHODS: Umbilical cord swabs were collected from 646 newborns up to three times within the first week after birth (ages <24 hours, ~3 days, ~6 days) and processed to identify GBS serotypes...
July 22, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350876/factors-associated-with-delay-in-care-seeking-for-fatal-neonatal-illness-in-the-sylhet-district-of-bangladesh-results-from-a-verbal-and-social-autopsy-study
#4
Bareng As Nonyane, Narjis Kazmi, Alain K Koffi, Nazma Begum, Salahuddin Ahmed, Abdullah H Baqui, Henry D Kalter
BACKGROUND: We conducted a social and verbal autopsy study to determine cultural-, social- and health system-related factors that were associated with the delay in formal care seeking in Sylhet district, Bangladesh. METHODS: Verbal and social autopsy interviews were conducted with mothers who experienced a neonatal death between October 2007 and May 2011. We fitted a semi-parametric regression model of the cumulative incidence of seeking formal care first, accounting for competing events of death or seeking informal care first...
June 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313070/validity-of-newborn-clinical-assessment-to-determine-gestational-age-in-bangladesh
#5
Anne Cc Lee, Luke C Mullany, Karima Ladhani, Jamal Uddin, Dipak Mitra, Parvez Ahmed, Parul Christian, Alain Labrique, Sushil K DasGupta, R Peter Lokken, Mohammed Quaiyum, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: Gestational age (GA) is frequently unknown or inaccurate in pregnancies in low-income countries. Early identification of preterm infants may help link them to potentially life-saving interventions. METHODS: We conducted a validation study in a community-based birth cohort in rural Bangladesh. GA was determined by pregnancy ultrasound (<20 weeks). Community health workers conducted home visits (<72 hours) to assess physical/neuromuscular signs and measure anthropometrics...
July 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117481/a-qualitative-exploration-of-health-workers-and-clients-perceptions-of-barriers-to-completing-four-antenatal-care-visits-in-morogoro-region-tanzania
#6
Jennifer A Callaghan-Koru, Shannon A McMahon, Joy J Chebet, Charles Kilewo, Gasto Frumence, Shivam Gupta, Raz Stevenson, Chrisostom Lipingu, Abdullah H Baqui, Peter J Winch
Antenatal care (ANC) remains an important contact point on the continuum of care for mothers and children in low- and middle-income countries. In Tanzania, the proportion of pregnant women completing at least four ANC visits (ANC-4) dropped from 70% to 43% between 1999 and 2010. To identify potential causes of the decline in the number of ANC visits, we conducted qualitative research at 18 health centres in Morogoro Region, exploring providers' communication about ANC visits and clients' and providers' perceptions of changes in ANC services and barriers to completing four visits...
October 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096958/rotavirus-surveillance-at-a-who-coordinated-invasive-bacterial-disease-surveillance-site-in-bangladesh-a-feasibility-study-to-integrate-two-surveillance-systems
#7
Arif Mohammad Tanmoy, Asm Nawshad Uddin Ahmed, Rajesh Arumugam, Belal Hossain, Mahfuza Marzan, Shampa Saha, Shams El Arifeen, Abdullah H Baqui, Robert E Black, Gagandeep Kang, Samir Kumar Saha
The World Health Organization (WHO) currently coordinates rotavirus diarrhea and invasive bacterial disease (IBD) surveillance at 178 sentinel sites in 60 countries. However, only 78 sites participate in both surveillance systems using a common sentinel site. Here, we explored the feasibility of extending a WHO-IBD surveillance platform to generate data on the burden of rotaviral diarrhea and its epidemiological characteristics to prepare the countries to measure the impact of rotaviral vaccine. A six-month (July to December, 2012) surveillance, managed by IBD team, collected stool samples and clinical data from under-five children with acute watery diarrhea at an IBD sentinel site...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070072/infection-surveillance-protocol-for-a-multicountry-population-based-study-in-south-asia-to-determine-the-incidence-etiology-and-risk-factors-for-infections-among-young-infants-of-0-to-59-days-old
#8
Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Abdullah H Baqui, Anita K Zaidi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Pinaki Panigrahi, Anuradha Bose, Sajid B Soofi, Abdul Momin Kazi, Dipak K Mitra, Rita Isaac, Pritish Nanda, Nicholas E Connor, Daniel E Roth, Shamim A Qazi, Shams El Arifeen, Samir K Saha
BACKGROUND: Insufficient knowledge of the etiology and risk factors for community-acquired neonatal infection in low-income countries is a barrier to designing appropriate intervention strategies for these settings to reduce the burden and treatment of young infant infection. To address these gaps, we are conducting the Aetiology of Neonatal Infection in South Asia (ANISA) study among young infants in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. The objectives of ANISA are to establish a comprehensive surveillance system for registering newborns in study catchment areas and collecting data on bacterial and viral etiology and associated risk factors for infections among young infants aged 0-59 days...
May 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070066/implementation-of-the-anisa-protocol-in-sylhet-bangladesh-challenges-and-solutions
#9
Dipak K Mitra, Arif Mahmud, Nazma Begum, Iftekhar Rafiqullah, Arunangshu Roy, Syed Mamun Ibne Moin, Maksuda Islam, Md Abdul Quaiyum, Jannatul Ferdous, Jennifer A Applegate, Samir K Saha, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: Despite the high rate of deaths in young infants (0-59 days) attributable to infections in resource-poor countries, data on bacterial and viral etiologies of community-acquired infections in this age group are limited. These data are needed to develop appropriate preventive strategies and suitable antibiotic treatment regimens for reducing the number of young infant deaths from infections. The Aetiology of Neonatal Infection in South Asia (ANISA) study is designed to generate these critical data and is being implemented in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan...
May 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070065/classification-of-blood-culture-isolates-into-contaminants-and-pathogens-on-the-basis-of-clinical-and-laboratory-data
#10
Belal Hossain, Martin W Weber, Davidson H Hamer, Patricia L Hibberd, A S M Nawshad Uddin Ahmed, Mahfuza Marzan, Maksuda Islam, Nicholas E Connor, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Anita K Zaidi, Abdullah H Baqui, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Shahida M Qureshi, Iftekhar Rafiqullah, Lesley McGee, Samir K Saha
The multisite community-based study, Aetiology of Neonatal Infection in South Asia (ANISA), uses blood culture as the gold standard for identifying the etiology of neonatal infection. Considering the importance of this age-old diagnostic tool and the risk of contamination, ANISA has employed rigorous measures to prevent contamination at all stages of blood collection, processing and culture. Because contamination may still occur, an independent expert group evaluates the routinely collected clinical and laboratory data to determine whether a blood culture isolate is a contaminant or a true pathogen...
May 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070063/methods-employed-in-monitoring-and-evaluating-field-and-laboratory-systems-in-the-anisa-study-ensuring-quality
#11
Nicholas E Connor, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Melissa L Arvay, Abdullah H Baqui, Anita K Zaidi, Sajid B Soofi, Pinaki Panigrahi, Anuradha Bose, Maksuda Islam, Shams El Arifeen, Samir K Saha, Shamim A Qazi
BACKGROUND: The Aetiology of Neonatal Infection in South Asia (ANISA) study maintains operations in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. We developed and deployed a multilayered monitoring system to measure performance indicators of field sites and laboratory operations. This system allows for real-time provision of feedback to study site teams and project stakeholders. The goal of this monitoring and evaluation system is to promote optimal performance and consistency in protocol application at all sites over the course of the study, thereby safeguarding the validity of project findings...
May 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26825324/journal-of-health-population-and-nutrition-celebrating-an-exciting-new-phase
#12
EDITORIAL
Abdullah H Baqui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26784272/effect-of-weekly-high-dose-vitamin-d3-supplementation-on-serum-cholecalciferol-concentrations-in-pregnant-women
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michelle C Dimitris, Nandita Perumal, Hayley A Craig-Barnes, Michael Leadley, Abdullah A Mahmud, Abdullah H Baqui, Daniel E Roth
Vitamin D status is conventionally defined by the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. However, it has been proposed that the serum cholecalciferol concentration (D3) also determines functional vitamin D sufficiency. The objective of this study was to describe the effect of weekly high-dose vitamin D3 supplementation on inter-dose serum D3 in pregnant women. We conducted a sub-study of a completed randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of vitamin D3 (35,000 IU/week) supplementation in late pregnancy (AViDD trial) in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26703439/profile-knowledge-and-work-patterns-of-a-cadre-of-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-chws-focusing-on-preventive-and-promotive-services-in-morogoro-region-tanzania
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Amnesty E LeFevre, Rose Mpembeni, Dereck Chitama, Asha S George, Diwakar Mohan, David P Urassa, Shivam Gupta, Isabelle Feldhaus, Audrey Pereira, Charles Kilewo, Joy J Chebet, Chelsea M Cooper, Giulia Besana, Harriet Lutale, Dunstan Bishanga, Emmanuel Mtete, Helen Semu, Abdullah H Baqui, Japhet Killewo, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: Despite impressive decreases in under-five mortality, progress in reducing maternal and neonatal mortality in Tanzania has been slow. We present an evaluation of a cadre of maternal, newborn, and child health community health worker (MNCH CHW) focused on preventive and promotive services during the antenatal and postpartum periods in Morogoro Region, Tanzania. Study findings review the effect of several critical design elements on knowledge, time allocation, service delivery, satisfaction, and motivation...
2015: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26658530/epidemiology-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-bangladeshi-children-before-introduction-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#15
Samir K Saha, Belal Hossain, Maksuda Islam, Md Hasanuzzaman, Shampa Saha, Mohammad Hasan, Gary L Darmstadt, Mrittika Chowdury, Shams El Arifeen, Abdullah H Baqui, Robert F Breiman, Mathuram Santosham, Stephen P Luby, Cynthia G Whitney
BACKGROUND: Because Bangladesh intended to introduce pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)-10 in 2015, we examined the baseline burden of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) to measure impact of PCV. METHODS: During 2007-2013, we performed blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures in children <5 years old with suspected IPD identified through active surveillance at 4 hospitals. Isolates were serotyped by quellung and tested for antibiotic susceptibility by disc diffusion and E-test...
June 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26652836/-you-should-go-so-that-others-can-come-the-role-of-facilities-in-determining-an-early-departure-after-childbirth-in-morogoro-region-tanzania
#16
Shannon A McMahon, Diwakar Mohan, Amnesty E LeFevre, Idda Mosha, Rose Mpembeni, Rachel P Chase, Abdullah H Baqui, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: Tanzania is among ten countries that account for a majority of the world's newborn deaths. However, data on time-to-discharge after facility delivery, receipt of postpartum messaging by time to discharge and women's experiences in the time preceding discharge from a facility after childbirth are limited. METHODS: Household survey of 1267 women who delivered in the preceding 2-14 months; in-depth interviews with 24 women, 12 husbands, and 5 community elders...
December 9, 2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643558/screening-and-treatment-of-maternal-genitourinary-tract-infections-in-early-pregnancy-to-prevent-preterm-birth-in-rural-sylhet-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anne C C Lee, Mohammad A Quaiyum, Luke C Mullany, Dipak K Mitra, Alain Labrique, Parvez Ahmed, Jamal Uddin, Iftekhar Rafiqullah, Sushil DasGupta, Arif Mahmud, Emilia H Koumans, Parul Christian, Samir Saha, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of preterm births are attributable to maternal infections, which are commonly undetected and untreated in low-income settings. Our primary aim is to determine the impact of early pregnancy screening and treatment of maternal genitourinary tract infections on the incidence of preterm live birth in Sylhet, Bangladesh. We will also assess the effect on other adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth (stillbirth and live birth), late miscarriage, maternal morbidity, and early onset neonatal sepsis...
December 7, 2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26541060/prenatal-vitamin-d-supplementation-and-infant-vitamin-d-status-in-bangladesh
#18
Nandita Perumal, Abdullah Al Mahmud, Abdullah H Baqui, Daniel E Roth
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of prenatal maternal vitamin D supplementation on infant vitamin D status in a tropical region where vitamin D supplementation is not routine. DESIGN: A prospective observational follow-up of a randomized trial. SETTING: Maternal-child health facility in Dhaka, Bangladesh (23°N). SUBJECTS: Infants born to pregnant women (n 160) randomized to receive 875 µg (35 000 IU) cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) per week (VD) or placebo (PL) during the third trimester were followed from birth until 6 months of age (n 115)...
November 6, 2015: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26530029/-every-method-seems-to-have-its-problems-perspectives-on-side-effects-of-hormonal-contraceptives-in-morogoro-region-tanzania
#19
Joy J Chebet, Shannon A McMahon, Jesse A Greenspan, Idda H Mosha, Jennifer A Callaghan-Koru, Japhet Killewo, Abdullah H Baqui, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: Family planning has been shown to be an effective intervention for promoting maternal, newborn and child health. Despite family planning's multiple benefits, women's experiences of - or concerns related to - side effects present a formidable barrier to the sustained use of contraceptives, particularly in the postpartum period. This paper presents perspectives of postpartum, rural, Tanzanian women, their partners, public opinion leaders and community and health facility providers related to side effects associated with contraceptive use...
November 3, 2015: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26518337/determinants-of-postnatal-care-use-at-health-facilities-in-rural-tanzania-multilevel-analysis-of-a-household-survey
#20
Diwakar Mohan, Shivam Gupta, Amnesty LeFevre, Eva Bazant, Japhet Killewo, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: Postnatal care (PNC) for the mother and infant is a neglected area, even for women who give birth in a health facility. Currently, there is very little evidence on the determinants of use of postnatal care from health facilities in Tanzania. METHODS: This study examined the role of individual and community-level variables on the use of postnatal health services, defined as a check up from a heath facility within 42 days of delivery, using multilevel logistic regression analysis...
2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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