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Raman spectroscopy

Ireneusz Sowa, Magdalena Wójciak-Kosior, Maciej Strzemski, Jan Sawicki, Michał Staniak, Sławomir Dresler, Wojciech Szwerc, Jarosław Mołdoch, Michał Latalski
Polyaniline (PANI) is one of the best known conductive polymers with multiple applications. Recently, it was also used in separation techniques, mostly as a component of composites for solid-phase microextraction (SPME). In the present paper, sorbent obtained by in situ polymerization of aniline directly on silica gel particles (Si-PANI) was used for dispersive solid phase extraction (d-SPE) and matrix solid-phase extraction (MSPD). The efficiency of both techniques was evaluated with the use of high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) quantitative analysis...
March 22, 2018: Materials
D Funes-Hernando, M Pelaez-Fernandez, D Winterauer, J-Y Mevellec, R Arenal, T Batten, B Humbert, J L Duvail
This study reports on the plasmon-mediated remote Raman sensing promoted by specially designed coaxial nanowires. This unusual geometry for Raman study is based on the separation, by several micrometres, of the excitation laser spot, on one tip of the nanowire, and the Raman detection at the other tip. The very weak efficiency of Raman emission makes it challenging in a remote configuration. For the proof-of-concept, we designed coaxial nanowires consisting of a gold core to propagate surface plasmon polaritons and a Raman-emitting shell of poly(3,4-ethylene-dioxythiophene)...
March 22, 2018: Nanoscale
Shishu Zhang, Na Zhang, Yan Zhao, Ting Cheng, Xiaobo Li, Rui Feng, Hua Xu, Zhirong Liu, Jin Zhang, Lianming Tong
Two-dimensional (2D) layered materials have attracted tremendous attention and led to a prosperous development in both fundamental investigation and device applications in various fields, such as nanoelectronics, flexible devices, sustainable energy and catalysts. The precise characterization of the structure and properties of 2D materials is in urgent need. Raman scattering spectroscopy is one of the most popular characterization tools that is convenient, rapid and non-invasive. It provides information on both the lattice structure from the frequency of phonon modes and the electronic band structure through the intensity due to electronic resonance Raman scattering...
March 22, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Haw-Tyng Huang, Li Zhu, Matthew D Ward, Brian L Chaloux, Rostislav Hrubiak, Albert Epshteyn, John V Badding, Timothy A Strobel
The chemical stability of solid cubane under high-pressure was examined with in situ Raman spectroscopy and synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) in a diamond anvil cell (DAC) up to 60 GPa. The Raman modes associated with solid cubane were assigned by comparing experimental data with calculations based on density functional perturbation theory, and low-frequency lattice modes are reported for the first time. The equation of state of solid cubane derived from the PXRD measurements taken during compression gives a bulk modulus of 14...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Uriel N Morzan, Diego J Alonso de Armiño, Nicolás O Foglia, Francisco Ramírez, Mariano C González Lebrero, Damián A Scherlis, Darío A Estrin
The applications of multiscale quantum-classical (QM-MM) approaches have shown an extraordinary expansion and diversification in the last couple of decades. A great proportion of these efforts have been devoted to interpreting and reproducing spectroscopic experiments in a variety of complex environments such as solutions, interfaces, and biological systems. Today, QM-MM-based computational spectroscopy methods constitute accomplished tools with refined predictive power. The present review summarizes the advances that have been made in QM-MM approaches to UV-visible, Raman, IR, NMR, electron paramagnetic resonance, and Mössbauer spectroscopies, providing in every case an introductory discussion of the corresponding methodological background...
March 21, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Ibrahim Y Ahmet, Michael S Hill, Paul R Raithby, Andrew L Johnson
A family of tin(ii) guanidinate complexes of the general form [{RNC(NMe2)NR}2Sn] (R = iPr (6), Cy (7), Tol (9) and Dipp (10)) and [{tBuNC(NMe2)NtBu}Sn{NMe2}] (8) have been synthesised and isolated from the reaction of tin(ii) bis-dimethylamide and a series of carbodiimides (1-5). The cyclic poly-chalcogenide compounds [{CyNC(NMe2)NCy}2Sn{Chx}] (Ch = S, x = 4 (11); Ch = Se, x = 4 (12), and Ch = S, x = 6 (13)) with {SnChx} rings were prepared by the oxidative addition of elemental sulfur and selenium to the heteroleptic stannylene complex [{CyNC(NMe2)NCy}2Sn] (7) in THF at room temperature...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yongqiang Cheng, Lijuan Dong, Jiangyan Zhang, Yaqing Zhao, Zhengping Li
The development of simple, robust, and reliable microRNA (miRNA) detection methods is of great significance in the studies of the biological function of miRNAs, molecular diagnostics, treatment of diseases, and targeted drugs. In recent years, with the increasing development of miRNA research, lots of novel approaches were developed for the detection of miRNA in terms of sensitivity, specificity, multiplicity, in situ imaging, etc. In particular, nucleic acid amplification-based methods and many detection techniques such as droplet digital PCR (ddPCR), electrochemiluminescence (ECL), surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), and mass spectrometry (MS) have been employed widely for the highly sensitive detection of miRNA...
March 21, 2018: Analyst
Sarre Kadia Myra Nzaba, Bulelwa Ntsendwana, Bhekie Brilliance Mamba, Alex Tawanda Kuvarega
This study examined the photocatalytic degradation of an azo dye brilliant black (BB) using non-metal/metal co-doped TiO2 . N,Pt co-doped TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared by a modified sol-gel method using amine-terminated polyamidoamine dendrimer generation 0 (PG0) as a template and source of nitrogen. Structural, morphological, and textural properties were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy (RS), photoluminescence (PL) and ultra-violet/visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis)...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Maxim Karpov, Martin H P Pfeiffer, Junqiu Liu, Anton Lukashchuk, Tobias J Kippenberg
Dissipative Kerr solitons (DKS) in optical microresonators provide a highly miniaturised, chip-integrated frequency comb source with unprecedentedly high repetition rates and spectral bandwidth. To date, such frequency comb sources have been successfully applied in the optical telecommunication band for dual-comb spectroscopy, coherent telecommunications, counting of optical frequencies and distance measurements. Yet, the range of applications could be significantly extended by operating in the near-infrared spectral domain, which is a prerequisite for biomedical and Raman imaging applications, and hosts commonly used optical atomic transitions...
March 20, 2018: Nature Communications
Yaowen Xing, Mengdi Xu, Xiahui Gui, Yijun Cao, Bent Babel, Martin Rudolph, Stefan Weber, Michael Kappl, Hans-Jürgen Butt
During the past years, atomic force microscopy (AFM) has matured to an indispensable tool to characterize nanomaterials in colloid and interface science. For imaging, a sharp probe mounted near to the end of a cantilever scans over the sample surface providing a high resolution three-dimensional topographic image. In addition, the AFM tip can be used as a force sensor to detect local properties like adhesion, stiffness, charge etc. After the invention of the colloidal probe technique it has also become a major method to measure surface forces...
February 6, 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Li Cui, Kai Yang, Hong-Zhe Li, Han Zhang, Jian-Qiang Su, Maria Paraskevaidi, Francis Luke Martin, Bin Ren, Yong-Guan Zhu
Nitrogen (N) fixation is the conversion of inert nitrogen gas (N2) to bioavailable N essential for all forms of life. N2-fixing microorganisms (diazotrophs), which play a key role in global N cycling, remain largely obscure because a large majority are uncultured. Direct probing of active diazotrophs in the environment is still a major challenge. Herein, a novel culture-independent single-cell approach combining resonance Raman (RR) spectroscopy with 15N2 stable isotope probing (SIP) was developed to discern N2-fixing bacteria in a complex soil community...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Marc-Olivier Baradez, Daniela Biziato, Enas Hassan, Damian Marshall
Cell therapies offer unquestionable promises for the treatment, and in some cases even the cure, of complex diseases. As we start to see more of these therapies gaining market authorization, attention is turning to the bioprocesses used for their manufacture, in particular the challenge of gaining higher levels of process control to help regulate cell behavior, manage process variability, and deliver product of a consistent quality. Many processes already incorporate the measurement of key markers such as nutrient consumption, metabolite production, and cell concentration, but these are often performed off-line and only at set time points in the process...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Xiaozhou Li, Tianyue Yang, Caesar Siqi Li, Youtao Song, Hong Lou, Dagang Guan, Lili Jin
In this paper, we discuss the use of a procedure based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) (PCR-SERS) to detect DNA mutations. Methods: This method was implemented by first amplifying DNA-containing target mutations, then by annealing probes, and finally by applying SERS detection. The obtained SERS spectra were from a mixture of fluorescence tags labeled to complementary sequences on the mutant DNA. Then, the SERS spectra of multiple tags were decomposed to component tag spectra by multiple linear regression (MLR)...
2018: Theranostics
Xiang Yu, Zhen Zhang, Fei Liu, Yi Ren
Direct growth of spherical graphene with large surface area is important for various applications in sensor technology. However, the preparation of transfer-free graphene on different substrates is still a challenge. This study presents a novel approach for the transfer-free graphene growth directly on cemented carbide. The used simple thermal annealing induces an in-situ transformation of magnetron-sputtered amorphous silicon carbide films into the graphene matrix. The study reveals the role of Co, a binding phase in cemented carbides, in Si sublimation process, and its interplay with the annealing temperature in development of the graphene matrix...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chenzhou Wu, John Gleysteen, Nutte Tarn Teraphongphom, Yi Li, Eben Rosenthal
Head and neck cancers become a severe threat to human's health nowadays and represent the sixth most common cancer worldwide. Surgery remains the first-line choice for head and neck cancer patients. Limited resectable tissue mass and complicated anatomy structures in the head and neck region put the surgeons in a dilemma between the extensive resection and a better quality of life for the patients. Early diagnosis and treatment of the pre-malignancies, as well as real-time in vivo detection of surgical margins during en bloc resection, could be leveraged to minimize the resection of normal tissues...
March 18, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Hendrik Fueser, Nabil Majdi, Arne Haegerbaeumer, Christian Pilger, Henning Hachmeister, Paul Greife, Thomas Huser, Walter Traunspurger
Lipid storage provides energy for cell survival, growth, and reproduction and is closely related to the organismal response to stress imposed by toxic chemicals. However, the effects of toxicants on energy storage as it impacts certain life-history traits have rarely been investigated. Here, we used the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as a test species for a chronic exposure to copper (Cu) at EC20 (0.50 mg Cu/l). Effects on the fatty acid distribution in C. elegans body were determined using coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) to link population fitness responses with individual ecophysiological responses...
March 16, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Misagh Ghobadi, Mahdi Gharabaghi, Hadi Abdollahi, Zohreh Boroumand, Marzieh Moradian
In recent decades, considerable amounts of rare earth elements have been used and then released into industrial wastewater, which caused serious environmental problems. In this work, in order to recycle rare earth cations (La3+ and Ce3+ ) from aqueous solutions, MnFe2 O4 -Graphene oxide magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized and after characterization studies, their adsorption isotherms, kinetics, thermodynamics and desorption were comprehensively investigated. Characterized was performed using XRD, FE-SEM, FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, VSM, BET and DLS...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Julien Chaste, Amine Missaoui, Si Huang, Hugo Henck, Zeineb Ben Aziza, Laurence Ferlazzo, Adrian Balan, Alan T Charlie Johnson, Rémy Braive, Abdelkarim Ouerghi
Semiconducting 2D materials, such as transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), are emerging in nanomechanics, optoelectronics, and thermal transport. In each of these fields, perfect control over 2D material properties including strain, doping, and heating is necessary, especially on the nanoscale. Here, we study clean devices consisting of membranes of single-layer MoS2 suspended on pillar arrays. Using Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopy, we have been able to extract, separate and simulate the different contributions on the nanoscale and to correlate these to the pillar array design...
March 19, 2018: ACS Nano
Kamila Kočí, Ivana Troppová, Martin Reli, Lenka Matějová, Miroslava Edelmannová, Helena Drobná, Lada Dubnová, Anna Rokicińska, Piotr Kuśtrowski, Libor Čapek
Neodymium enriched TiO2 anatase-brookite powders were prepared by unconventional method via using pressurized hot fluids for TiO2 crystallization and purification. The photocatalysts were tested in the CH3 OH photocatalytic decomposition and they were characterized with respect to the textural (nitrogen adsorption), structural (XRD, XPS, and Raman spectroscopies), chemical (XRF), and optical (DR UV-Vis spectroscopy) and photoelectrochemical measurement. All prepared materials were nanocrystalline, had biphasic (anatase- brookite) structure and relatively large specific surface area (125 m2 ...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Rahat Ullah, Saranjam Khan, Samina Javaid, Hina Ali, Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Saleem
This study presents differentiation in milk samples of mother's feeding male and female infants using Raman spectroscopy combined with a support vector machine (SVM). Major differences have been observed in the Raman spectra of both types of milk based on their chemical compositions. Overall, it has been found that milk samples of mother's having a female infant are richer in fatty acids, phospholipids, and tryptophan. In contrast, milk samples of mother's having a male infant contain more carotenoids and saccharides...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
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