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orbital infarction syndrome

Janice R Safneck, Sherry Krawitz
Blastomyces species are thermally dimorphic fungi existing as yeast in tissue. We report an initially immunocompetent patient with orbital apex syndrome (OAS) whose presentation suggested giant cell arteritis. Subsequently, metastatic carcinoma was entertained as a cause of OAS until bronchoscopy yielded Blastomyces species. The patient rapidly succumbed with multiorgan failure despite Amphotericin B administration. At post-mortem, Blastomyces co-infection with fungal hyphae in keeping with Aspergillus species was found in cavernous sinus and in infarcted optic nerve...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
William Berkowski, Ingeborg Langohr, Anthony Pease, Joshua Bartoe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 18-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of conjunctivitis and skin-fold dermatitis secondary to bilateral microphthalmia, corneal dermoids, and ankyloblepharon. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed bilateral microphthalmia, bilaterally symmetrical corneal dermoids, ankyloblepharon, superior and inferior entropion, prognathism, and facial asymmetry with deviation of the nasal septum. Computed tomography revealed malformed, thickened bony orbits with mineralization of the orbital ligament bilaterally...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Rosanna Dammacco
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease of undefined etiology and with remarkably heterogeneous clinical features. Virtually any organ system can be affected, including the eye. SLE-related eye involvement can be diagnosed in approximately one-third of the patients and is usually indicative of disease activity. An early diagnosis and the adoption of suitable therapeutic measures are necessary to prevent sight-threatening consequences, especially in patients with juvenile SLE. Periocular lesions, such as eyelid involvement and orbital inflammation, are relatively rare and, in case of orbital masses, may require a biopsy control...
May 2018: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Cem Sundu, Erdem Dinç, Ayça Sari, Selma Ünal, Özer Dursun
A 14-year-old boy with sickle cell disease presented with preseptal cellulitis findings as proptosis, eyelid edema, and hyperemia. His best corrected visual acuity in the right eye was 20/20 and 16/20 in the left eye. He had limited ductions in vertical and lateral gazes in both eyes. Bilateral venous tortuosity was observed in posterior segment examination. Orbital bone infarction and subperiosteal hematoma were seen in magnetic resonance imaging. He was diagnosed as having orbital compression syndrome secondary to vaso-occlusive crisis of sickle cell disease and was treated with intravenous ampicilin-sulbactam and methylprednisolone...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Saleh S Baeesa, Mohamad Bakhaidar, Naushad A B Ahamed, Tariq A Madani
BACKGROUND: Invasive orbital apex aspergillosis (IOAA) is an aggressive form of aspergillus infection that usually affects immunocompromised patients. It can cause orbital apex syndrome and, if not treated promptly, may progress rapidly causing fatal complications. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) secondary to ruptured mycotic aneurysms is a very rare complication of invasive aspergillosis. We aim to describe our management and the outcome of six immunocompetent patients with IOAA with subsequent SAH secondary to ruptured mycotic aneurysms...
June 2017: World Neurosurgery
David Dongkyung Kim, Adrian Budhram, David Pelz, Maria MacDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Neurology
Weng Sut Sio, Shwu-Huey Lee, I-Chia Liang
Vision loss following sclerotherapy for facial vascular malformations (VMs) is a rare but detrimental complication. Here, we report a case of an 11-year-old boy with acute onset blepharoptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and blindness in his right eye after the 14 th sclerotherapy session (percutaneous intralesional injection of sodium tetradecyl sulfate) for a right facial low-flow VM without orbital involvement. Computed tomography angiography revealed no contrast enhancement in the right ophthalmic artery, superior ophthalmic vein, or extraocular muscles...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Srinivas M Susarla, Arthur J Nam, Amir H Dorafshar
Reconstruction of posttraumatic orbital defects carries the attendant risk of injury to the ocular adnexa, globe, and associated neurovascular structures. Blindness following repair of orbital fractures is an infrequent but well-documented phenomenon. Visual acuity loss can be related to direct intraoperative injury to the optic nerve, retinal arterial occlusion, or delayed presentation of acute optic nerve injury. In this report, we document a unique case of acute optic nerve infarction occurring 14 hours following orbital floor exploration and repair in a 56-year-old man...
June 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Angeliki Vgontzas, Larry Charleston, Matthew S Robbins
Children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD) have a high prevalence of recurrent headaches (24.0-43.9 %). Acute presentation with headache can be diagnostically challenging, as the clinician must consider evaluation of several potentially devastating conditions including vascular diseases (stroke, hemorrhage, venous sinus thrombosis, moyamoya, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome), facial and orbital bone infarcts, dental pain, and osteomyelitis. Patients with SCD and primary headache disorders may benefit from comprehensive headache treatment plans that include abortive therapy, prophylactic therapy, and non-pharmacological modalities...
March 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
C Janssens, L Claeys, P Maes, T Boiy, M Wojciechowski
We present the case of a 17-year-old boy, known with homozygous sickle cell disease, who was admitted because of generalised pain. He developed bilateral periorbital oedema and proptosis, without pain or visual disturbances. In addition to hyperhydration, oxygen and analgesia IV antibiotics were started, to cover a possible osteomyelitis. Patients with sickle cell disease are at risk for vaso-occlusive crises, when the abnormally shaped red blood cells aggregate and block the capillaries. Such a crisis typically presents at a location with high bone marrow activity, as the vertebrae and long bones...
December 2015: Acta Clinica Belgica
Carole Janssens, Lieve Claeys, Philip Maes, Tine Boiy, Marek Wojciechowski
We present the case of a 17-year-old boy, known with homozygous sickle cell disease, who was admitted because of generalised pain. He developed bilateral periorbital oedema and proptosis, without pain or visual disturbances. In addition to hyperhydration, oxygen and analgesia IV antibiotics were started, to cover a possible osteomyelitis. Patients with sickle cell disease are at risk for vaso-occlusive crises, when the abnormally shaped red blood cells aggregate and block the capillaries. Such a crisis typically presents at a location with high bone marrow activity, as the vertebrae and long bones...
July 24, 2015: Acta Clinica Belgica
Tomoko Okazaki, Shoichi Shiraishi, Naoki Iwasa, Emi Kitamura, Tetsu Mizutani, Yukiko Hanada, Takehiko Yanagihara
Central nervous system (CNS) aspergillosis with stroke has a high mortality and poor prognosis generally. We report a 78-years-old woman with diabetes mellitus, who developed invasive paranasal sinus aspergillosis with the orbital apex syndrome on the right side and cerebral infarction caused by intracranial occlusion of the right internal carotid artery. Based on the presence of a mass lesion in the ethmoid sinus extending to the orbital apex on the right side with cranial CT, the mass lesion was surgically removed and the pathological examination of the surgical specimen revealed aspergillus mold...
2015: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Tumuluri Sravani, Shantveer Gurulingappa Uppin, Megha Shantveer Uppin, Challa Sundaram
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the histopathological features with particular emphasis on perineural invasion in invasive rhinocerebral mucormycosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissue sections from 30 patients with invasive rhinocerebral mucormycosis were included in the study. Demographic features, predisposing conditions, and clinical features were obtained from medical records. Tissue sections were reviewed with hematoxylin and eosin (H and E), Gomori's methenamine silver (GMS), and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) stains for (i) the presence and type of inflammation (suppurative/granulomatous; sparse/absent), (ii) invasion into soft tissues, and (iii) type of spread (angio/perineural) and presence of infarction/necrosis and fungal morphology...
July 2014: Neurology India
Nilufer Ilhan, Can Acipayam, Fusun Aydogan, Nesrin Atci, Ozgur Ilhan, Mesut Coskun, Mutlu Cihan Daglioglu, Esra Ayhan Tuzcu
Orbital wall infarctions resulting in orbital and epidural hematomas are rare manifestations of sickle cell disease (SCD). We report orbital compression syndrome associated with an epidural hematoma and wide cephalohematoma in a 15-year-old boy with SCD. An infarcted orbital bone was observed on magnetic resonance imaging and three-phase bone scintigraphy with Technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate. The patient recovered completely without surgical intervention at the end of the fourth week. Prompt diagnosis and proper management are critical for complete recovery...
April 2014: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Suzan Sanavi, Reza Afshar, Siamak Afshin-Majd
Mucormycosis, caused by mucorales, is an acute, rapidly progressive infection associated with high mortality. Rhino-orbitocerebral infection is the most common variant and is generally seen in association with immune deficiency syndromes. Prompt medical treatment of this infection and debridement decreases the mortality rate. We describe a 47-year-old man with crescentic glomerulonephritis on maintenance prednisolone therapy. He had earlier received steroid and cyclophosphamide pulse therapies. Renal functions improved following immunosuppressive treatment...
July 2013: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Yoichi Morofuji, Keisuke Tsutsumi, Hideaki Takahata, Ichiro Kawahara, Tomohito Hirao, Keisuke Toda, Hiroshi Baba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2013: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Baris Yeniad, Samuray Tuncer, Nur Kir, Lale Kozer Bilgin
Orbital infarction syndrome is a rare but devastating disorder resulting in sudden visual loss. A patient with orbital infarction syndrome due to orbital cellulitis after transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy with diode laser is described. A 55-year-old woman presented 3 days after transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy. Initial examination revealed significant eyelid swelling, marked proptosis, total ophthalmoplegia, and no light perception in the right eye. Fundus examination revealed ophthalmic artery occlusion...
2012: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging
Neha Morparia, Gary Miller, Alejandro Rabinstein, Giuseppe Lanzino, Neeraj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) often present with pulsatile tinnitus, orbital congestion, and headache. Occasionally, they present with focal neurologic deficits, a dementia-like syndrome, hemorrhage, or ischemic infarction. METHODS: This study is based on the case of a 71-year-old gentleman who presented with 6 months of progressive forgetfulness, inattention, and hypersomnolence. Four weeks prior to presentation, he developed symptoms of left-sided pain, numbness, and worsening weakness...
December 2012: Neurocritical Care
L Tostivint, D Pop-Jora, E Grimprel, B Quinet, E Lesprit
Vaso-occlusive crises are the most common complication of sickle cell disease. Orbital bone infarction is an unusual manifestation of sickling disorders. It is suspected in patients with acute painful periorbital swelling. Orbital compression syndrome with possible optic nerve injury is a rare but serious complication; therefore, this diagnosis should be considered. Orbital infarction can be difficult to distinguish from osteomyelitis or skin infections. Imaging can be helpful in differentiating infection from infarction...
June 2012: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Kathleen B Digre
Management of the pregnant woman with a neuro-ophthalmic disorder may be challenging. Physiologic changes in pregnancy make vascular conditions more frequent, including retinal artery occlusion, spontaneous orbital hemorrhage, and pituitary apoplexy. Papilledema may signal cerebral venous sinus thrombosis or idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Manifestations of severe preeclampsia and eclampsia include choroidal infarction, serous retinal detachment, and disorders of higher cortical function, such as alexia, simultanagnosia, and cerebral blindness...
December 2011: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
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