keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

official critical care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266112/dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-the-ageing-population-call-to-action-to-protect-and-enhance-oral-health-and-well-being-as-an-essential-component-of-healthy-ageing-consensus-report-of-group-4-of-the-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between
#1
Maurizio S Tonetti, Peter Bottenberg, Georg Conrads, Peter Eickholz, Peter Heasman, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Rodrigo López, Phoebus Madianos, Frauke Müller, Ian Needleman, Bente Nyvad, Philip M Preshaw, Iain Pretty, Stefan Renvert, Falk Schwendicke, Leonardo Trombelli, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Jacques Vanobbergen, Nicola West, Alix Young, Sebastian Paris
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, progress in prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases has been translated to better oral health and improved tooth retention in the adult population. The ageing population and the increasing expectations of good oral health-related quality of life in older age pose formidable challenges to clinical care and healthcare systems. AIMS: The objective of this workshop was to critically review scientific evidence and develop specific recommendations to: (i) prevent tooth loss and retain oral function through prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases later in life and (ii) increase awareness of the health benefits of oral health as an essential component of healthy ageing...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236991/-how-to-assess-curative-and-or-preventive-effects-of-psychotropic-drugs
#2
T Bottai, D Pringuey, R Belzeaux, M Adida, J-M Azorin
Proving the efficacy of a psychotropic drug is a medical, scientific and ethical need. Psychotropic drug development is now a highly complex process, which takes several years and which is very expensive. It involves multiple steps of preclinical and clinical pharmacological refinement and testing. Methodology of studies to prove curative or preventive effect of psychotropic drugs is well codified. Preclinical studies include pharmacokinetic data, toxicology and performance in various animal models of pathology...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169021/supplemental-parenteral-nutrition-in-intensive-care-patients-a-cost-saving-strategy
#3
Lorenzo Pradelli, Séverine Graf, Claude Pichard, Mette M Berger
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Swiss supplemental parenteral nutrition (SPN) study demonstrated that optimised energy provision combining enteral nutrition (EN) and SPN reduces nosocomial infections in critically ill adults who fail to achieve targeted energy delivery with EN alone. To assess the economic impact of this strategy, we performed a cost-effectiveness analysis using data from the SPN study. METHODS: Multivariable regression analyses were performed to characterise the relationships between SPN, cumulative energy deficit, nosocomial infection, and resource consumption...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993953/discourse-vs-practice-are-traditional-practices-and-beliefs-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-included-or-excluded-in-the-ecuadorian-health-care-system
#4
Carlos Andres Gallegos, William F Waters, Anne Sebert Kuhlmann
BACKGROUND: Traditional beliefs, knowledge and practices are formally integrated into the Ecuadorian health system. We sought to understand whether they are integrated in practice. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected in two rural parishes in the central highlands of Ecuador through four focus group discussions (30 participants), eight key informant interviews, three participatory exercises (24 participants), structured observations of health facilities and analysis of official documents...
December 18, 2016: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991975/enhancing-the-sustainability-and-climate-resiliency-of-health-care-facilities-a-comparison-of-initiatives-and-toolkits
#5
John Balbus, Peter Berry, Meagan Brettle, Shalini Jagnarine-Azan, Agnes Soares, Ciro Ugarte, Linda Varangu, Elena Villalobos Prats
Extreme weather events have revealed the vulnerability of health care facilities and the extent of devastation to the community when they fail. With climate change anticipated to increase extreme weather and its impacts worldwide-severe droughts, floods, heat waves, and related vector-borne diseases-health care officials need to understand and address the vulnerabilities of their health care systems and take action to improve resiliency in ways that also meet sustainability goals. Generally, the health sector is among a country's largest consumers of energy and a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions...
September 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856941/the-quest-to-extend-health-services-to-vulnerable-substance-users-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-in-the-context-of-an-unfolding-economic-crisis
#6
Noa Krawczyk, Deanna Kerrigan, Francisco Inácio Bastos
Calls to address crack-cocaine use in Brazil among homeless and street-frequenting populations who are in urgent need of health services have questioned the capacity of the Brazilian Unified Health System to attend to the nation's most marginalized citizens. In recent years, Brazil has launched several actions to escalate care for substance users, yet many obstacles hindering accessibility and effectiveness of services remain. Paradoxically, these actions have been implemented in the context of a growing economic crisis, and expanding services for a population of poor and stigmatized substance users while cutting other government programs tends to elicit harsh criticism from citizens...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818329/liberation-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-adults-executive-summary-of-an-official-american-college-of-chest-physicians-american-thoracic-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#7
Gregory A Schmidt, Timothy D Girard, John P Kress, Peter E Morris, Daniel R Ouellette, Waleed Alhazzani, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miguel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Ng Gong, Catherine L Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, William D Schweickert, Curtis N Sessler, Thomas Strøm, Kevin C Wilson, Jonathon D Truwit
BACKGROUND: This clinical practice guideline addresses six questions related to liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. It is the result of a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST). METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel posed six clinical questions in a population, intervention, comparator, outcomes (PICO) format. A comprehensive literature search and evidence synthesis was performed for each question, which included appraising the quality of evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach...
January 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802866/point-of-care-ultrasonography-as-a-training-milestone-for-internal-medicine-residents-the-time-is-now
#8
Bruce F Sabath, Gurkeerat Singh
Point-of-care (POC) ultrasonography is considered fundamental in emergency medicine training and recently has become a milestone in critical care fellowship programs as well. Currently, there is no such standard requirement for internal medicine residency programs in the United States. We present a new case and briefly review another case at our institution - a community hospital - in which internal medicine house staff trained in ultrasonography were able to uncover unexpected and critical diagnoses that significantly changed patient care and outcomes...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762608/official-executive-summary-of-an-american-thoracic-society-american-college-of-chest-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline-liberation-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-adults
#9
Gregory A Schmidt, Timothy D Girard, John P Kress, Peter E Morris, Daniel R Ouellette, Waleed Alhazzani, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miguel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Ng Gong, Catherine L Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, William D Schweickert, Curtis N Sessler, Thomas Strøm, Kevin C Wilson, Jonathon D Truwit
BACKGROUND: This clinical practice guideline addresses six questions related to liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. It is the result of a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society and the American College of Chest Physicians. METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel posed six clinical questions in a Population, Intervention, Comparator, and Outcomes format. A comprehensive literature search and evidence synthesis was performed for each question, which included appraising the certainty in the evidence (i...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739895/an-official-american-thoracic-society-research-statement-implementation-science-in-pulmonary-critical-care-and-sleep-medicine
#10
Curtis H Weiss, Jerry A Krishnan, David H Au, Bruce G Bender, Shannon S Carson, Adithya Cattamanchi, Michelle M Cloutier, Colin R Cooke, Karen Erickson, Maureen George, Joe K Gerald, Lynn B Gerald, Christopher H Goss, Michael K Gould, Robert Hyzy, Jeremy M Kahn, Brian S Mittman, Erika M Mosesón, Richard A Mularski, Sairam Parthasarathy, Sanjay R Patel, Cynthia S Rand, Nancy S Redeker, Theodore F Reiss, Kristin A Riekert, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Judith A Tate, Kevin C Wilson, Carey C Thomson
BACKGROUND: Many advances in health care fail to reach patients. Implementation science is the study of novel approaches to mitigate this evidence-to-practice gap. METHODS: The American Thoracic Society (ATS) created a multidisciplinary ad hoc committee to develop a research statement on implementation science in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine. The committee used an iterative consensus process to define implementation science and review the use of conceptual frameworks to guide implementation science for the pulmonary, critical care, and sleep community and to explore how professional medical societies such as the ATS can promote implementation science...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672141/access-to-and-experiences-of-healthcare-services-by-trafficked-people-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-in-england
#11
Joanne Westwood, Louise M Howard, Nicky Stanley, Cathy Zimmerman, Clare Gerada, Siân Oram
BACKGROUND: Physical and psychological morbidity is high in trafficked people but little is known about their experiences of accessing and using healthcare services while, or after, being trafficked. AIM: To explore trafficked people's access to, and use of, health care during and after trafficking. DESIGN AND SETTING: A mixed-methods study - a cross-sectional survey comprising a structured interview schedule and open-ended questions - was undertaken in trafficked people's accommodation or support service offices across England...
November 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525995/defining-futile-and-potentially-inappropriate-interventions-a-policy-statement-from-the-society-of-critical-care-medicine-ethics-committee
#12
Alexander A Kon, Eric K Shepard, Nneka O Sederstrom, Sandra M Swoboda, Mary Faith Marshall, Barbara Birriel, Fred Rincon
OBJECTIVES: The Society of Critical Care Medicine and four other major critical care organizations have endorsed a seven-step process to resolve disagreements about potentially inappropriate treatments. The multiorganization statement (entitled: An official ATS/AACN/ACCP/ESICM/SCCM Policy Statement: Responding to Requests for Potentially Inappropriate Treatments in Intensive Care Units) provides examples of potentially inappropriate treatments; however, no clear definition is provided...
September 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454885/the-timeliness-of-the-us-military-response-to-the-2014-ebola-disaster-a-critical-review
#13
Remington L Nevin, Jill N Anderson
In the face of an unprecedented epidemic of Ebola Virus Disease, in September 2014, the US military began sending thousands of personnel to Liberia and supporting areas in Senegal in its largest deployment to the African continent in over two decades. In this review, media reports, published photographs and official statements are evaluated and summarized to identify and describe key time points in the US military response. Specific events include the initial establishment of the Monrovia Medical Unit and the buildup of forces for the expanded mission, which involved enhancement of laboratory testing capacity, construction of Ebola Treatment Units, and training of health care workers...
January 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396776/an-official-critical-care-societies-collaborative-statement-burnout-syndrome-in-critical-care-health-care-professionals-a-call-for-action
#14
Marc Moss, Vicki S Good, David Gozal, Ruth Kleinpell, Curtis N Sessler
Burnout syndrome (BOS) occurs in all types of health-care professionals and is especially common in individuals who care for critically ill patients. The development of BOS is related to an imbalance of personal characteristics of the employee and work-related issues or other organizational factors. BOS is associated with many deleterious consequences, including increased rates of job turnover, reduced patient satisfaction, and decreased quality of care. BOS also directly affects the mental health and physical well-being of the many critical care physicians, nurses, and other health-care professionals who practice worldwide...
July 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369038/an-official-critical-care-societies-collaborative-statement-burnout-syndrome-in-critical-care-health-care-professionals-a-call-for-action
#15
Marc Moss, Vicki S Good, David Gozal, Ruth Kleinpell, Curtis N Sessler
Burnout syndrome (BOS) occurs in all types of health care professionals and is especially common in individuals who care for critically ill patients. The development of BOS is related to an imbalance of personal characteristics of the employee and work-related issues or other organizational factors. BOS is associated with many deleterious consequences, including increased rates of job turnover, reduced patient satisfaction, and decreased quality of care. BOS also directly affects the mental health and physical well-being of the many critical care physicians, nurses, and other health care professionals who practice worldwide...
July 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358547/pharmaceutical-regulatory-framework-in-ethiopia-a-critical-evaluation-of-its-legal-basis-and-implementation
#16
Sultan Suleman, Abdulkadir Woliyi, Kifle Woldemichael, Kora Tushune, Luc Duchateau, Agnes Degroote, Roy Vancauwenberghe, Nathalie Bracke, Bart De Spiegeleer
BACKGROUND: Effective and enforceable national regulations describing the manufacture and (re)packaging, export and import, distribution and storage, supply and sale, information and pharmaco-vigilance of medicines are required to consistently ensure optimal patient benefit. Expansion of pharmaceutical industries in many countries with advancement in transport technologies facilitated not only trade of genuine pharmaceutical products but also the circulation of poor quality medicines across the globe...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351436/-men-s-health-report-conclusion-and-challenges-for-sex-and-gender-sensitive-health-reporting
#17
Anne Starker, Alexander Rommel, Anke-Christine Saß
In December 2014, the Federal Health Reporting published the first official report on men's health in Germany. The report covers a wide range of topics, from diseases and causes of death to health-related behaviors and male-specific prevention. Special chapters put the focus on the impact that working life and certain living arrangements may have on health. Based on preliminary methodological work on gender-sensitive health reporting, a step-wise approach was pursued. In addition to mere comparisons between men and women, differences within men were taken into account with respect to certain stressors, risks and resources...
August 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344107/local-health-departments-as-clinical-safety-net-in-rural-communities
#18
Nathan L Hale, Tamar Klaiman, Kate E Beatty, Michael B Meit
INTRODUCTION: The appropriate role of local health departments (LHDs) as a clinical service provider remains a salient issue. This study examines differences in clinical service provision among rural/urban LHDs for early periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment (EPSDT) and prenatal care services. METHODS: Data collected from the 2013 National Association of County and City Health Officials Profile of Local Health Departments Survey was used to conduct a cross-sectional analysis of rural/urban differences in clinical service provision by LHDs...
June 22, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338530/prehospital-care-training-in-a-rapidly-developing-economy-a-multi-institutional-study
#19
Dinesh Vyas, Michael Hollis, Rohit Abraham, Neeti Rustagi, Siddharth Chandra, Ajai Malhotra, Vikas Rajpurohit, Harshada Purohit, Ranabir Pal
BACKGROUND: The trauma pandemic is one of the leading causes of death worldwide but especially in rapidly developing economies. Perhaps, a common cause of trauma-related mortality in these settings comes from the rapid expansion of motor vehicle ownership without the corresponding expansion of national prehospital training in developed countries. The resulting road traffic injuries often never make it to the hospital in time for effective treatment, resulting in preventable disability and death...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309157/an-official-critical-care-societies-collaborative-statement-burnout-syndrome-in-critical-care-healthcare-professionals-a-call-for-action
#20
Marc Moss, Vicki S Good, David Gozal, Ruth Kleinpell, Curtis N Sessler
Burnout syndrome (BOS) occurs in all types of healthcare professionals and is especially common in individuals who care for critically ill patients. The development of BOS is related to an imbalance of personal characteristics of the employee and work-related issues or other organizational factors. BOS is associated with many deleterious consequences, including increased rates of job turnover, reduced patient satisfaction, and decreased quality of care. BOS also directly affects the mental health and physical well-being of the many critical care physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who practice worldwide...
July 2016: Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
108273
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"