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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874610/the-2017-global-initiative-for-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-report-and-practice-implications-for-the-respiratory-therapist
#1
Michael W Hess
Since 1998, the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) has worked with health care professionals, medical researchers, and public health officials around the world to optimize the prevention, treatment, and management of COPD. GOLD has continually worked to ensure COPD management strategy recommendations are aligned with current published research. The 2017 GOLD report represents a major revision to GOLD strategy guidelines, the first such major revision in the last 5 years. As such, the 2017 report has significant implications for the diagnosis of COPD, the management of stable disease, and the treatment of exacerbations...
September 5, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855771/surgery-goes-social-the-extent-and-patterns-of-social-media-utilization-by-major-trauma-acute-and-critical-care-surgery-societies
#2
Jawad M Khalifeh, Haytham M A Kaafarani
CONTEXT AND AIMS: The evolving influence of social media in trauma, acute, and critical care surgery (TACCS) cannot be ignored. We sought to investigate the extent and patterns of use of social networks by major regional, national and international TACCS societies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The two leading social networking sites, Facebook (FB) and Twitter (TW), were thoroughly examined for the presence of official accounts for each of the major TACCS societies. An official FB or TW account was defined as one which has a blue verified badge and/or is linked the society's official website...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832450/hla-population-genetics-in-solid-organ-transplantation
#3
Evan P Kransdorf, Marcelo J Pando, Loren Gragert, Bruce Kaplan
HLAs are fundamental to the adaptive immune response and play critical roles in the cellular and humoral response in solid organ transplantation. The genes encoding HLA proteins are the most polymorphic within the human genome, with thousands of different allelic variants known within the population. Application of the principles of population genetics to the HLA genes has resulted in the development of a numeric metric, the calculated panel-reactive antibody (CPRA) that predicts the likelihood of a positive crossmatch as a function of a transplant candidate's unacceptable HLA antigens...
September 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821637/ensuring-due-process-in-the-iacuc-and-animal-welfare-setting-considerations-in-developing-noncompliance-policies-and-procedures-for-institutional-animal-care-and-use-committees-and-institutional-officials
#4
REVIEW
Barbara C Hansen, Sylvia Gografe, Stacy Pritt, Kai-Lin Catherine Jen, Camille A McWhirter, Susan M Barman, Anthony Comuzzie, Molly Greene, Justin A McNulty, Daniel Eugene Michele, Naz Moaddab, Randall J Nelson, Karen Norris, Karen D Uray, Ron Banks, Karin N Westlund, Bill J Yates, Jerald Silverman, Kenneth D Hansen, Barbara Redman
Every institution that is involved in research with animals is expected to have in place policies and procedures for the management of allegations of noncompliance with the Animal Welfare Act and the U.S. Public Health Service Policy on the Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. We present here a model set of recommendations for institutional animal care and use committees and institutional officials to ensure appropriate consideration of allegations of noncompliance with federal Animal Welfare Act regulations that carry a significant risk or specific threat to animal welfare...
August 15, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797861/temporary-removal-the-worldwide-hospice-palliative-care-alliance
#5
Stephen R Connor
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743251/acceptability-of-lifelong-treatment-among-hiv-positive-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-option-b-in-selected-health-facilities-in-zimbabwe-a-qualitative-study
#6
Addmore Chadambuka, Leila Katirayi, Auxilia Muchedzi, Esther Tumbare, Reuben Musarandega, Agnes I Mahomva, Godfrey Woelk
BACKGROUND: Zimbabwe's Ministry of Health and Child Care (MOHCC) adopted 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) guidelines recommending initiation of HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women (PPBW) on lifelong antiretroviral treatment (ART) irrespective of clinical stage (Option B+). Option B+ was officially launched in Zimbabwe in November 2013; however the acceptability of life-long ART and its potential uptake among women was not known...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702874/towards-a-transparent-credible-evidence-based-decision-making-process-of-new-drug-listing-on-the-hong-kong-hospital-authority-drug-formulary-challenges-and-suggestions
#7
Carlos King Ho Wong, Olivia Wu, Bernard M Y Cheung
The aim of this article is to describe the process, evaluation criteria, and possible outcomes of decision-making for new drugs listed in the Hong Kong Hospital Authority Drug Formulary in comparison to the health technology assessment (HTA) policy overseas. Details of decision-making processes including the new drug listing submission, Drug Advisory Committee (DAC) meeting, and procedures prior to and following the meeting, were extracted from the official Hong Kong Hospital Authority drug formulary management website and manual...
July 12, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693889/barefoot-doctors-and-the-health-care-revolution-in-rural-china-a-study-centered-on-shandong-province
#8
Sanchun Xu, Danian Hu
Barefoot doctors were rural medical personnel trained en masse, whose emergence and development had a particular political, economic, social, and cultural background. Like the rural cooperative medical care system, the barefoot doctor was a well-known phenomenon in the Cultural Revolution. Complicated regional differences and a lack of reliable sources create much difficulty for the study of barefoot doctors and result in differing opinions of their status and importance. Some scholars greatly admire barefoot doctors, whereas others harshly criticize them...
July 7, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692624/improving-trauma-care-in-africa
#9
Deborah Tuggle, Niki Rasnake, Theresa Day
Bringing the first Advanced Trauma Care for Nurses (ATCN) provider and instructor courses to Zimbabwe was the initial step in an educational partnership spanning more than 8,000 miles. Zimbabwe is a South African country with limited health care services, severe financial restraints, and a shortage of health care professionals. All of these barriers made our goal of bringing an organized and systematic approach to trauma care even more important. The nurses of Zimbabwe were aware that their patients were not receiving "best practice" care, which made them passionate for education, with strict enforcement of standardized delivery of care...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644074/reinforcing-marginality-maternal-health-interventions-in-rural-nicaragua
#10
Birgit Kvernflaten
To achieve Millennium Development Goal 5 on maternal health, many countries have focused on marginalized women who lack access to care. Promoting facility-based deliveries to ensure skilled birth attendance and emergency obstetric care has become a main measure for preventing maternal deaths, so women who opt for home births are often considered 'marginal' and in need of targeted intervention. Drawing upon ethnographic data from Nicaragua, this paper critically examines the concept of marginality in the context of official efforts to increase institutional delivery amongst the rural poor, and discusses lack of access to health services among women living in peripheral areas as a process of marginalization...
June 23, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641357/-the-german-thorax-registry-implementation-of-an-established-tool-of-perioperative-health-care-research
#11
Jérôme Defosse, Mark Schieren, Torsten Loop, Cerstin Arndt, Rainer Röhrig, Erich Stoelben, Corinna Ludwig, Alexander Schleppers, Frank Wappler, Mark Gerbershagen, Alberto Lopez-Pastorini
The collection of clinical treatment data in registry databases is an important aspect of health services research. It allows for a critical evaluation of the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of clinical treatment concepts in large patient populations. The findings of registry research represent real-world patients and treatment structures as they are not limited by strict inclusion criteria or unrealistic conditions as applied in prospective clinical trials. The implementation of the German Thorax Registry has enabled the collection and analysis of data on the interdisciplinary care (thoracic surgery, anaesthesiology, intensive care, pain management) of patients undergoing thoracic surgery...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641321/identifying-and-acting-on-potentially-inappropriate-care-inadequacy-of-current-hospital-coding-for-this-task
#12
P David Cooper, David R Smart
INTRODUCTION: Recent Australian attempts to facilitate disinvestment in healthcare, by identifying instances of 'inappropriate' care from large Government datasets, are subject to significant methodological flaws. Amongst other criticisms has been the fact that the Government datasets utilized for this purpose correlate poorly with datasets collected by relevant professional bodies. Government data derive from official hospital coding, collected retrospectively by clerical personnel, whilst professional body data derive from unit-specific databases, collected contemporaneously with care by clinical personnel...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569586/erratum-an-official-american-thoracic-society-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-society-of-critical-care-medicine-clinical-practice-guideline-mechanical-ventilation-in-adult-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558500/influencing-college-and-higher-education-choices-in-disadvantaged-hispanic-high-school-students-through-a-school-based-health-club
#14
Harsimran Singh, Maria Matza, Christine Latham
INTRODUCTION: Statistics representing professional health care providers do not adequately reflect the shift in the nation's diverse population. Latinos are significantly underrepresented at all levels of appropriate academic programs critical for entry to health profession careers. This project describes the implementation of a student-run, faculty-facilitated Future Nurse and Health Club at a school (with majority Latino students) to emphasize the importance of higher education in health care...
June 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538673/breast-cancer-exploring-the-facts-and-holistic-needs-during-and-beyond-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Zhi Xuan Ng, Mei Shan Ong, Tamilarasi Jegadeesan, Shuo Deng, Celestial T Yap
Breast cancer patients face challenges throughout the journey of diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment, and recovery. The breast cancer patient is exposed to a multidisciplinary team including doctors, nurses, therapists, counselors, and psychologists. While the team assembled together aims to address multiple facets in breast cancer care, the sub-specialized nature of individual professional practices may constrain the overview of patients' holistic needs and a comprehensive approach to cancer management. This paper aims to provide an overview of the holistic needs of breast cancer patients at each stage of their cancer journey, addressing their complex physical, psychological, and social needs...
May 24, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532236/evaluating-the-american-nurses-association-s-arguments-against-nurse-participation-in-assisted-suicide
#16
Eric Vogelstein
This discussion paper critically assesses the American Nurses Association's stated arguments against nurse participation in assisted suicide, as found in its current (2013) position statement. Seven distinct arguments can be gleaned from the American Nurses Association's statement, based on (1) the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements and its injunction against nurses acting with the sole intent to end life, (2) the risks of abuse and misuse of assisted suicide, (3) nursing's social contract or covenant with society, (4) the contention that nurses must not harm their patients, (5) the sanctity of life, (6) the traditions of nursing, and (7) the fundamental goals of nursing...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523394/introduction-framing-post-aids-and-global-health-discourses-in-2015-and-beyond
#17
EDITORIAL
Gráinne O'Connell
This special issue, entitled "Post-AIDS' and Global Health Discourses: Interdisciplinary Perspectives,' emerged from a one day Medical Humanities symposium at the Leeds Centre for Medical Humanities, at the University of Leeds, England, on February 27th 2015. This special issue focusses on the perceived deprioritising of HIV and AIDS in the Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, that were launched in 2015. The SDGs function as policy benchmarks for all entities within the United Nations system and they supersede the Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, which expired in 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475904/perceived-mhealth-barriers-and-benefits-for-home-based-hiv-testing-and-counseling-and-other-care-qualitative-findings-from-health-officials-community-health-workers-and-persons-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa
#18
Alastair van Heerden, Danielle M Harris, Heidi van Rooyen, Ruanne V Barnabas, Nithya Ramanathan, Nkosinathi Ngcobo, Zukiswa Mpiyakhe, W Scott Comulada
mHealth has been proposed to address inefficiencies in the current South African healthcare system, including home-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) programs. Yet wide-scale adoption of mHealth has not occurred. Even as infrastructure barriers decrease, a need to better understand perceived adoption barriers by stakeholders remains. We conducted focus group discussions (FGD) in South Africa in 2016 with 10 home-based HTC field staff, 12 community health workers (CHWs) and 10 persons living with HIV (PLH)...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459336/an-official-american-thoracic-society-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-society-of-critical-care-medicine-clinical-practice-guideline-mechanical-ventilation-in-adult-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#19
Eddy Fan, Lorenzo Del Sorbo, Ewan C Goligher, Carol L Hodgson, Laveena Munshi, Allan J Walkey, Neill K J Adhikari, Marcelo B P Amato, Richard Branson, Roy G Brower, Niall D Ferguson, Ognjen Gajic, Luciano Gattinoni, Dean Hess, Jordi Mancebo, Maureen O Meade, Daniel F McAuley, Antonio Pesenti, V Marco Ranieri, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Eileen Rubin, Maureen Seckel, Arthur S Slutsky, Daniel Talmor, B Taylor Thompson, Hannah Wunsch, Elizabeth Uleryk, Jan Brozek, Laurent J Brochard
BACKGROUND: This document provides evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on the use of mechanical ventilation in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel conducted systematic reviews and metaanalyses of the relevant research and applied Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology for clinical recommendations. RESULTS: For all patients with ARDS, the recommendation is strong for mechanical ventilation using lower tidal volumes (4-8 ml/kg predicted body weight) and lower inspiratory pressures (plateau pressure < 30 cm H2O) (moderate confidence in effect estimates)...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458588/evolution-and-complexity-of-government-policies-to-protect-the-health-of-undocumented-illegal-migrants-in-thailand-the-unsolved-challenges
#20
Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Weerasak Putthasri, Phusit Prakongsai, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: Of the 65 million residents in Thailand, >1.5 million are undocumented/illegal migrants from neighboring countries. Despite several policies being launched to improve access to care for these migrants, policy implementation has always faced numerous challenges. This study aimed to investigate the policy makers' views on the challenges of implementing policies to protect the health of undocumented/illegal migrants in light of the dynamics of all of the migrant policies in Thailand...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
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