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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746642/training-of-mexican-elders-as-health-promoters-a-qualitative-study
#1
María de la Luz Martínez-Maldonado, Consuelo Chapela, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
The purpose of the study was to analyze the repercussion of a training program in gerontological health promotion addressed to senior citizens in a rural area in Mexico. The impact of the program was examined at two levels: first, with regard to the development of specific practices relating to primary health care and to the actual implementation of community health programs and, second, through the interpretive analysis of bodily inscriptions in the participants. Results gave evidence of a gradual empowering process among the elderly health promoters who consistently developed a position of responsibility and autonomy regarding the control of their lives and, at the same time, an increasingly open critical attitude with regard to the social role ascribed to them by the community...
May 9, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661692/hospital-ambulatory-medicine-a-leading-strategy-for-internal-medicine-in-europe
#2
Xavier Corbella, Vasco Barreto, Stefano Bassetti, Monica Bivol, Pietro Castellino, Evert-Jan de Kruijf, Francesco Dentali, Mine Durusu-Tanriöver, Carmen Fierbinţeanu-Braticevici, Thomas Hanslik, Radovan Hojs, Soňa Kiňová, Leonid Lazebnik, Evija Livčāne, Matthias Raspe, Luis Campos
Addressing the current collision course between growing healthcare demands, rising costs and limited resources is an extremely complex challenge for most healthcare systems worldwide. Given the consensus that this critical reality is unsustainable from staff, consumer, and financial perspectives, our aim was to describe the official position and approach of the Working Group on Professional Issues and Quality of Care of the European Federation of Internal Medicine (EFIM), for encouraging internists to lead a thorough reengineering of hospital operational procedures by the implementation of innovative hospital ambulatory care strategies...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649891/erratum
#3
(no author information available yet)
Singer AE, Ash T, Ochotorena C, Lorenz KA, Chong K, Shreve ST, Ahluwalia SC. A Systematic Review of Family Meeting Tools in Palliative and Intensive Care Settings. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2016; 33(8):797-806. (DOI: 10.1177/1049909115594353) It was noted that the following references were duplicated in the above mentioned article. (i) Billings JA, Block SD. The end-of-life family meeting in intensive care part III: A guide for structured discussions. J Palliat Med. 2011;14(9):1058-1064. (ii) Fineberg IC, Kawashima M, Asch SM...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587651/pretreatment-loss-to-follow-up-of-tuberculosis-patients-in-chennai-india-a-cohort-study-with-implications-for-health-systems-strengthening
#4
Beena E Thomas, Ramnath Subbaraman, Senthil Sellappan, Chandra Suresh, J Lavanya, Savari Lincy, Agnes Lawrence Raja, B Javeed, S Kokila, S Arumugam, Soumya Swaminathan, Kenneth H Mayer
BACKGROUND: Pretreatment loss to follow-up (PTLFU) is a barrier to tuberculosis (TB) control in India's Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP). PTLFU studies have not been conducted in India's mega-cities, where patient mobility may complicate linkage to care. METHODS: We collected data from patient registries for May 2015 from 22 RNTCP designated microscopy centers (DMCs) in Chennai and audited addresses and phone numbers for patients evaluated for suspected TB to understand how missing contact information may contribute to PTLFU...
March 27, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524953/a-critical-analysis-of-purchasing-arrangements-in-kenya-the-case-of-the-national-hospital-insurance-fund
#5
Kenneth Munge, Stephen Mulupi, Edwine W Barasa, Jane Chuma
BACKGROUND: Purchasing refers to the process by which pooled funds are paid to providers in order to deliver a set of health care interventions. Very little is known about purchasing arrangements in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and certainly not in Kenya. This study aimed to critically analyse purchasing arrangements in Kenya, using the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) as a case study. METHODS: We applied a principal-agent relationship framework, which identifies three pairs of principal-agent relationships (government-purchaser, purchaser-provider, and citizen-purchaser) and specific actions required within them to achieve strategic purchasing...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375058/resolving-family-clinician-disputes-in-the-context-of-contested-definitions-of-futility
#6
Gabriel T Bosslet, Bernard Lo, Douglas B White
The word futile has been a touchstone in debates regarding resolution of disputes regarding life-prolonging treatments since the 1980s. Here, we respond to several criticisms of the Multiorganization Policy Statement, "An Official ATS/AACN/ACCP/ESICM/SCCM Policy Statement: Responding to Requests for Potentially Inappropriate Treatments in Intensive Care Units" (Bosslet et al. 2015). This response highlights the need for a strict definition of the word futile in order to avoid undue treatment differences when end-of-life interventions are contested...
2018: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#7
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340512/articulation-between-health-services-and-indigenous-medicine-anthropological-reflections-on-policies-and-reality-in-brazil
#8
Esther Jean Langdon, Luiza Garnelo
This paper contributes to the dialogue between the social sciences and social medicine in Latin America by exploring therapeutic pluralism in indigenous health policies and services in Brazil. It reviews recent anthropological research, concepts and current debates to critically examine Brazilian indigenous health policy and its concept of "differentiated care," which proposes articulation between official health practices and indigenous therapies. A number of contradictions and tensions are present in the structural organizational of the indigenous health subsystem at the national level and in the daily practices of health teams at the local level...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331946/management-of-patients-on-antithrombotic-agents-undergoing-emergency-and-elective-endoscopy-joint-asian-pacific-association-of-gastroenterology-apage-and-asian-pacific-society-for-digestive-endoscopy-apsde-practice-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
Francis K L Chan, Khean-Lee Goh, Nageshwar Reddy, Kazuma Fujimoto, Khek Yu Ho, Seiji Hokimoto, Young-Hoon Jeong, Takanari Kitazono, Hong Sik Lee, Varocha Mahachai, Kelvin K F Tsoi, Ming-Shiang Wu, Bryan P Yan, Kentaro Sugano
This Guideline is a joint official statement of the Asian Pacific Association of Gastroenterology (APAGE) and the Asian Pacific Society for Digestive Endoscopy (APSDE). It was developed in response to the increasing use of antithrombotic agents (antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants) in patients undergoing gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy in Asia. After reviewing current practice guidelines in Europe and the USA, the joint committee identified unmet needs, noticed inconsistencies, raised doubts about certain recommendations and recognised significant discrepancies in clinical practice between different regions...
March 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329922/a-multistate-investigation-of-health-care-associated-burkholderia-cepacia-complex-infections-related-to-liquid-docusate-sodium-contamination-january-october-2016
#10
Janet Glowicz, Matthew Crist, Carolyn Gould, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Judith Noble-Wang, Tom J B de Man, K Allison Perry, Zachary Miller, William C Yang, Stephen Langille, Jessica Ross, Bobbiejean Garcia, Janice Kim, Erin Epson, Stephanie Black, Massimo Pacilli, John J LiPuma, Ryan Fagan
BACKGROUND: Outbreaks of health care-associated infections (HAIs) caused by Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) have been associated with medical devices and water-based products. Water is the most common raw ingredient in nonsterile liquid drugs, and the significance of organisms recovered from microbiologic testing during manufacturing is assessed using a risk-based approach. This incident demonstrates that lapses in manufacturing practices and quality control of nonsterile liquid drugs can have serious unintended consequences...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280752/medical-graduates-truthful-and-useful-analytics-with-big-data-and-the-art-of-persuasion
#11
Des Gorman, T Michael Kashner
The authors propose that the provision of state-of-the-art, effective, safe, and affordable health care requires medical school graduates not only to be competent practitioners and scientists, but also to be policy makers and professional leaders. To meet this challenge in the era of big data and cloud computing, these graduates must be able to understand and critically interpret analyses of large, observational datasets from electronic health records, third party claims files, surveys, and epidemiologic health datasets...
December 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203459/mobile-phone-apps-for-quality-of-life-and-well-being-assessment-in-breast-and-prostate-cancer-patients-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Esther Rincon, Francisco Monteiro-Guerra, Octavio Rivera-Romero, Enrique Dorronzoro-Zubiete, Carlos Luis Sanchez-Bocanegra, Elia Gabarron
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone health apps are increasingly gaining attention in oncological care as potential tools for supporting cancer patients. Although the number of publications and health apps focusing on cancer is increasing, there are still few specifically designed for the most prevalent cancers diagnosed: breast and prostate cancers. There is a need to review the effect of these apps on breast and prostate cancer patients' quality of life (QoL) and well-being. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to review the scientific literature on mobile phone apps targeting breast or prostate cancer patients and involving QoL and well-being (anxiety and depression symptoms) and analyze the clinical and technological characteristics, strengths, and weaknesses of these apps, as well as patients' user experience with them...
December 4, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072341/perspectives-on-the-underlying-drivers-of-urgent-and-emergency-care-reconfiguration-in-ireland
#13
E Droog, C Foley, O Healy, C Buckley, M Boyce, S McHugh, J P Browne
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing tendency to reconfigure acute hospital care towards a more centralised and specialised model, particularly for complex care conditions. Although centralisation is presented as "evidence-based", the relevant studies are often challenged by groups which hold perspectives and values beyond those implicit in the literature. This study investigated stakeholder perspectives on the rationale for the reconfiguration of urgent and emergency care in Ireland. Specifically, it considered the hypothesis that individuals from different stakeholder groups would endorse different positions in relation to the motivation for, and goals of, reconfiguration...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061558/commercially-available-smartphone-apps-to-support-postoperative-pain-self-management-scoping-review
#14
Chitra Lalloo, Ushma Shah, Kathryn A Birnie, Cleo Davies-Chalmers, Jordan Rivera, Jennifer Stinson, Fiona Campbell
BACKGROUND: Recently, the use of smartphones to deliver health-related content has experienced rapid growth, with more than 165,000 mobile health (mHealth) apps currently available in the digital marketplace. With 3 out of 4 Canadians currently owning a smartphone, mHealth apps offer opportunities to deliver accessible health-related knowledge and support. Many individuals experience pain after surgery, which can negatively impact their health-related quality of life, including sleep, emotional, and social functioning...
October 23, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028375/health-disparities-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-blueprint-for-action-an-official-american-thoracic-society-statement
#15
REVIEW
Arunabh Talwar, Joe G N Garcia, Halley Tsai, Matthew Moreno, Tim Lahm, Roham T Zamanian, Roberto Machado, Steven M Kawut, Mona Selej, Stephen Mathai, Laura Hoyt D'Anna, Sonu Sahni, Erik J Rodriquez, Richard Channick, Karen Fagan, Michael Gray, Jessica Armstrong, Josanna Rodriguez Lopez, Vinicio de Jesus Perez
BACKGROUND: Health disparities have a major impact in the quality of life and clinical care received by minorities in the United States. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare cardiopulmonary disorder that affects children and adults and that, if untreated, results in premature death. The impact of health disparities in the diagnosis, treatment, and clinical outcome of patients with PAH has not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: The specific goals of this research statement were to conduct a critical review of the literature concerning health disparities in PAH, identify major research gaps and prioritize direction for future research...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954604/untapped-potential-in-australian-hospitals-for-organ-donation-after-circulatory-death
#16
Sandeep S Rakhra, Helen I Opdam, Laura Gladkis, Byron Arcia, Michael A Fink, John Kanellis, Peter S Macdonald, Gregory I Snell, David V Pilcher
OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential for organ donation after circulatory death (DCD) in Australia by applying ideal and expanded organ suitability criteria, and to compare this potential with actual DCD rates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. Setting, methods: We analysed DonateLife audit data for patients aged 28 days to 80 years who died between July 2012 and December 2014 in an intensive care unit or emergency department, or who died within 24 hours of discharge from either, in the 75 Australian hospitals contributing data to DonateLife...
September 2, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954153/the-experience-of-illness-of-women-with-endometriosis-narratives-about-institutional-violence
#17
Paulo Alexandre de Souza São Bento, Martha Cristina Nunes Moreira
This paper conjures up the centrality of the relational category of gender to shed a light on women's life narratives with a chronic disease named endometriosis. It aims to discuss the meaning of the illness experience of women with endometriosis in the interface with institutional violence. Based on Bertaux reference, in the Narratives of Life method, twenty women participated in this research. They were invited from two virtual spaces of discussion and gatherings about living with endometriosis. Interviews were conducted in person in the States of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Minas Gerais circuit...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940834/patient-participation-as-discursive-practice-a-critical-discourse-analysis-of-danish-mental-healthcare
#18
Kim Joergensen, Jeanette Praestegaard
Patient participation is one of the most prevalent focus areas in the Danish healthcare debate. Patient participation is generally presented as a fundamental democratic right, and is stated in an objective language with legal requirements for healthcare professionals to ensure that patients systematically participate in their own courses of care and treatment. In the research literature, it is not clear what is meant by 'patient participation', and several discourses on patient participation exist side by side...
September 21, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874610/the-2017-global-initiative-for-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-report-and-practice-implications-for-the-respiratory-therapist
#19
Michael W Hess
Since 1998, the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) has worked with health care professionals, medical researchers, and public health officials around the world to optimize the prevention, treatment, and management of COPD. GOLD has continually worked to ensure COPD management strategy recommendations are aligned with current published research. The 2017 GOLD report represents a major revision to GOLD strategy guidelines, the first such major revision in the last 5 years. As such, the 2017 report has significant implications for the diagnosis of COPD, the management of stable disease, and the treatment of exacerbations...
November 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855771/surgery-goes-social-the-extent-and-patterns-of-social-media-utilization-by-major-trauma-acute-and-critical-care-surgery-societies
#20
Jawad M Khalifeh, Haytham M A Kaafarani
CONTEXT AND AIMS: The evolving influence of social media in trauma, acute, and critical care surgery (TACCS) cannot be ignored. We sought to investigate the extent and patterns of use of social networks by major regional, national and international TACCS societies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The two leading social networking sites, Facebook (FB) and Twitter (TW), were thoroughly examined for the presence of official accounts for each of the major TACCS societies. An official FB or TW account was defined as one which has a blue verified badge and/or is linked the society's official website...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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