keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

thapsigargin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435065/influence-of-er-leak-on-resting-cytoplasmic-ca-2-and-receptor-mediated-ca-2-signalling-in-human-macrophage
#1
Janice A Layhadi, Samuel J Fountain
Mechanisms controlling endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) homeostasis are important regulators of resting cytoplasmic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]cyto) and receptor-mediated Ca(2+) signalling. Here we investigate channels responsible for ER Ca(2+) leak in THP-1 macrophage and human primary macrophage. In the absence of extracellular Ca(2+) we employ ionomycin action at the plasma membrane to stimulate ER Ca(2+) leak. Under these conditions ionomycin elevates [Ca(2+)]cyto revealing a Ca(2+) leak response which is abolished by thapsigargin...
April 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434061/the-sources-of-calcium-for-noradrenaline-induced-contraction-in-the-human-thoracic-internal-artery
#2
Leszek Buzun, Beata Modzelewska, Anna Kostrzewska, Ewa Kleszczewska, Tomasz Kleszczewski
The aim of the present study was to examine the contribution of intracellular and extracellular calcium sources in contraction caused by noradrenaline (NA) of the human internal thoracic artery (ITA) in vitro. Distal segments of ITA were obtained from 20 patients (aged 38-73, at the time of routine coronary artery surgical revascularization (CABG)). Contractile responses to 10(-6) mol/L NA in the physiological salt solution and in Ca(2+)-free solution without and after incubation with 10(-6) mol/L thapsigargin (TSG) were recorded under isometric conditions...
April 22, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432808/mechanism-of-the-vasorelaxant-effect-induced-by-trans-4-methyl-%C3%AE-nitrostyrene-a-synthetic-nitroderivative-in-rat-thoracic-aorta
#3
Taylena Maria Teófilo, Loeste Arruda-Barbosa, Jussara Mathyelle Rodrigues-Silva, Joyce Karen Lima Vale, Rosivaldo Dos Santos Borges, Gloria Pinto Duarte, Pedro Jorge Caldas Magalhães, Saad Lahlou
Mechanisms underlying the vasorelaxant effects of trans-4-methyl-β-nitrostyrene (T4MeN) were studied in rat aortic rings. In endothelium-intact preparations, T4MeN fully and similarly relaxed contractions induced by phenylephrine (PHE) (IC50 = 61.41 [35.40-87.42] μM) and KCl (IC50 = 83.50 [56.63-110.50] μM). The vasorelaxant effect of T4MeN was unchanged by endothelium removal, pretreatment with L-NAME, indomethacin, tetraethylammonium, ODQ or MDL-12,330A. Under Ca(2+) -free conditions, T4MeN significantly reduced with a similar potency: (i) phasic contractions induced by PHE, but not by caffeine; (ii) contractions due to CaCl2 in aortic preparations stimulated with PHE (in the presence of verapamil) or high KCl; (iii) contractions evoked by the restoration of external Ca(2+) levels after depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores in the presence of thapsigargin...
April 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428739/high-salt-intake-augments-excitability-of-pvn-neurons-in-rats-role-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-ca-2-store
#4
Robert A Larson, Andrew D Chapp, Le Gui, Michael J Huber, Zixi Jack Cheng, Zhiying Shan, Qing-Hui Chen
High salt (HS) intake sensitizes central autonomic circuitry leading to sympathoexcitation. However, its underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We hypothesized that inhibition of PVN endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) store function would augment PVN neuronal excitability and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA). We further hypothesized that a 2% (NaCl) HS diet for 5 weeks would reduce ER Ca(2+) store function and increase excitability of PVN neurons with axon projections to the rostral ventrolateral medulla (PVN-RVLM) identified by retrograde label...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423696/improvement-of-dexamethasone-sensitivity-by-chelation-of-intracellular-ca2-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-cells-through-the-prosurvival-kinase-erk1-2-deactivation
#5
Souleymane Abdoul-Azize, Isabelle Dubus, Jean-Pierre Vannier
Previous studies have demonstrated that glucocorticoid hormones, including dexamethasone, induced alterations in intracellular calcium homeostasis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells. However, the mechanism by which intracellular calcium homeostasis participates in dexamethasone sensitivity and resistance on ALL cells remains elusive. Here, we found that treatment of cells with dexamethasone resulted in increased intracellular calcium concentrations through store-operated calcium entry stimulation, which was curtailed by store-operated calcium channel blockers...
March 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423496/mtor-inhibitors-activate-perk-signaling-and-favor-viability-of-gastrointestinal-neuroendocrine-cell-lines
#6
Patricia Freis, Julien Bollard, Justine Lebeau, Patrick Massoma, Joëlle Fauvre, Cécile Vercherat, Thomas Walter, Serge Manié, Colette Roche, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Carole Ferraro-Peyret
mTOR and Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) are two signaling pathways frequently activated in cancer cells. The mTOR pathway has been shown to be up-regulated in most gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. In contrast, little is known about the UPR status in neoplastic neuroendocrine cells. However, these hormone-producing cells are likely to present distinctive adaptations of this pathway, as other secretory cells. We therefore analyzed the status of the three axes of UPR and their relation to mTOR pathway in two gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (GI-NET) cell lines STC-1 and GluTag...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422492/a-concise-efficient-and-scalable-total-synthesis-of-thapsigargin-and-nortrilobolide-from-r-carvone
#7
Dezhi Chen, P Andrew Evans
A concise, efficient and scalable synthesis of thapsigargin and nortrilobolide from commercially available (R)-(-)-carvone was developed. Our synthetic strategy is inspired by nature's carbon-carbon bond formation sequence, which facilitates the construction of a highly functionalized sesquiterpene lactone skeleton in five steps via an enantioselective ketone alkylation and a diastereoselective pinacol cyclization. We envision that this strategy will permit the construction of other members of the family, structural analogs and provide a practical synthetic route to these important bioactive agents...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416809/perisomatic-changes-in-h-channels-regulate-depressive-behaviors-following-chronic-unpredictable-stress
#8
C S Kim, D H Brager, D Johnston
Chronic stress can be a precipitating factor in the onset of depression. Lentiviral-mediated knockdown of HCN1 protein expression and reduction of functional Ih produce antidepressant behavior. However, whether h-channels are altered in an animal model of depression is not known. We found that perisomatic HCN1 protein expression and Ih-sensitive physiological measurements were significantly increased in dorsal but not in ventral CA1 region/neurons following chronic unpredictable stress (CUS), a widely accepted model for major depressive disorder...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414054/endothelium-dependent-vasorelaxant-effect-of-procyanidin-b2-on-human-internal-mammary-artery
#9
Aleksandra Novakovic, Marija Marinko, Goran Jankovic, Ivan Stojanovic, Predrag Milojevic, Dragoslav Nenezic, Vladimir Kanjuh, Qin Yang, Guo-Wei He
The aim of the present study was to investigate and characterize vasorelaxant effect of procyanidin B2 on human internal mammary artery (HIMA) as one of the mechanisms of its protective effect against vascular risk. Procyanidin B2 induced strong concentration-dependent relaxation of HIMA rings pre-contracted by phenylephrine. Pretreatment with L-NAME, a NO synthase inhibitor, hydroxocobalamin, a NO scavenger, and ODQ, an inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase, significantly inhibited procyanidin B2-induced relaxation of HIMA, while indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, considerably reduced effects of low concentrations...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386335/dl-3-n-butylphthalide-improves-functional-recovery-in-rats-with-spinal-cord-injury-by-inhibiting-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-apoptosis
#10
Zili He, Yulong Zhou, Yan Huang, Qingqing Wang, Binbin Zheng, Hongyu Zhang, Jiawei Li, Yanlong Liu, Fenzan Wu, Xie Zhang, Songlin Tong, Maofeng Wang, Zhouguang Wang, Huacheng He, Huazi Xu, Jian Xiao
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis occurs in the spinal cord following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) exerts an neuroprotective effects against both ischemic brain injury and neurodegenerative diseases; however, the relationship between ER stress-induced apoptosis and the therapeutic effect of NBP in SCI remains unclear. In this study, moderate spinal cord injuries were induced in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with a vascular clip. NBP was administered by oral (80 mg/kg/d) gavage 2 h before injury and then once daily for 28 d thereafter...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386329/inhibiting-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-by-lithium-chloride-contributes-to-the-integrity-of-blood-spinal-cord-barrier-and-functional-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Zili He, Yulong Zhou, Qingqing Wang, Jiawei Li, Zengming Zheng, Jian Chen, Hongyu Zhang, Zhouguang Wang, Huazi Xu, Jian Xiao
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress play important roles in the spinal cord injury (SCI), which including blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) disruption. Lithium chloride (LiCl) is a clinical drug for bipolar mood disorders and contributes to neuroprotection. This study aims to investigate the effects of LiCl on BSCB disruption and the ER stress pathway induced by spinal cord injury. We examined the integrity of the BSCB with Evans Blue dye and macrophages extravasation, measured the microvessels loss, the junction proteins degeneration, the activation ER stress, and the locomotor function recovery...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384516/effects-of-puerarin-on-intracellular-ca-2-and-cell-viability-of-mdck-renal-tubular-cells
#12
He-Hsiung Cheng, Chiang-Ting Chou, Wei-Zhe Liang, Chun-Chi Kuo, Pochuan Shieh, Jue-Long Wang, Chung-Ren Jan
Puerarin is a natural compound and has been used as herb medication in a number of countries, especially in Asia. The effect of puerarin on Ca(2+) signaling is unknown in renal cells. This study examined whether puerarin affected Ca(2+) physiology in MDCK renal tubular cells. Cytosolic free Ca(2+) levels ([Ca(2+)]i) were measured using the fluorescent dye fura-2. Cell viability was examined by using WST-1 assay. Puerarin induced [Ca(2+)]i rises and the response was reduced by removing extracellular Ca(2+). Puerarin-induced Ca(2+) entry was not altered by protein kinase C (PKC) activity, but was inhibited by nifedipine...
March 24, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364693/the-%C3%AF-1-receptor-agonist-pentazocine-increases-store-operated-ca-2-entry-in-mcf7%C3%AF-1-and-sk-n-sh-cell-lines
#13
Giuseppe Gasparre, Carmen Abate, Roberto Carlucci, Francesco Berardi, Giuseppe Cassano
BACKGROUND: The intracellular [Ca(2+)] is modulated by σ receptors. An important component of the cellular machinery governing the intracellular [Ca(2+)] is Store-Operated Calcium Entry (SOCE). Here we want to investigate whether ligands of σ receptors affect SOCE. METHODS: The intracellular [Ca(2+)] was monitored, with the fluorescent Ca(2+)-sensitive probe Fura-2, in four cell lines with a different expression of σ receptors, namely MCF7 (expressing σ1 receptors with a low density and overexpressing σ2 receptors), MCF7σ1 (overexpressing σ1 receptors), SK-N-SH, and HT-29...
January 28, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358434/effects-of-gsk2606414-on-cell-proliferation-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress%C3%A2-associated-gene-expression-in-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells
#14
Xintong Jiang, Yantao Wei, Ting Zhang, Zhaotian Zhang, Suo Qiu, Xuezhi Zhou, Shaochong Zhang
GSK2606414 is a novel, highly selective inhibitor of protein kinase R‑like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK). GSK2606414 and its analogues have recently been demonstrated to delay tumor growth and prevent neurodegeneration. The present study investigated the effects of GSK2606414 on proliferation, apoptosis, and the expression of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4), CCAAT/enhancer‑binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells under endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
March 30, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347754/cadmium-disrupts-autophagic-flux-by-inhibiting-cytosolic-ca-2-dependent-autophagosome-lysosome-fusion-in-primary-rat-proximal-tubular-cells
#15
Fei Liu, Xin-Yu Wang, Xu-Ping Zhou, Zong-Ping Liu, Xiang-Bin Song, Zhen-Yong Wang, Lin Wang
Previous studies have shown that subcellular Ca(2+) redistribution is involved in Cd-induced autophagy inhibition in primary rat proximal tubular (rPT) cells, but the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, the status of autophagic flux was monitored by the GFP and RFP tandemly tagged LC3 method. Pharmacological inhibition of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]c) with 2-APB or BAPTA-AM significantly alleviated Cd-elevated yellow puncta formation and restored Cd-inhibited red puncta formation, while thapsigargin (TG) had the opposite regulatory effect, demonstrating that Cd-induced [Ca(2+)]c elevation inhibited the autophagic flux in rPT cells...
March 25, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337995/cigarette-smoke-impairs-a2a-adenosine-receptor-mediated-wound-repair-through-up-regulation-of-duox-1-expression
#16
Zhi Tian, Hui Zhang, Jendayi Dixon, Nicole Traphagen, Todd A Wyatt, Kusum Kharbanda, Samantha Simet Chadwick, Narasaiah Kolliputi, Diane S Allen-Gipson
Cigarette smoke (CS) exposure and intrinsic factors such as the NADPH oxidases produce high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), ensuing inflammatory tissue injury. We previously demonstrated that CS-generated ROS, particularly hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), impaired adenosine stimulated wound repair. We hypothesized that CS exposure modulates expression of Dual oxidase 1 (Duox-1), a NADPH oxidases known to generate H2O2. To test this hypothesis, we used human bronchial epithelial cell line Nuli-1 and C57BL/6 mice...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336294/palmitate-mediated-diacylglycerol-accumulation-causes-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-plin2-degradation-and-cell-death-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts
#17
Ali Akoumi, Taha Haffar, Maria Mousterji, Robert Scott Kiss, Nicolas Bousette
We have previously shown that palmitate causes ER stress in primary cardiomyocytes and this was associated with a diffuse lipid staining histology. In contrast, oleate, which was non-toxic, led to the formation of abundant, clearly delineated lipid droplets. The aberrant lipid histology in palmitate treated cells led us to hypothesize that perhaps there was an impairment in lipid droplet formation, which could lead to accumulation of lipids in the ER and consequent ER stress. To test this hypothesis we treated H9C2s (a cardiomyoblast cell line) with either 300µM oleate or palmitate for 8h...
March 21, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332558/multiple-h-sensors-mediate-the-extracellular-acidification-induced-ca-2-i-elevation-in-cultured-rat-ventricular-cardiomyocytes
#18
Yuan-Lang Hu, Xue Mi, Chao Huang, Hui-Fang Wang, Jian-Ren Song, Qing Shu, Lan Ni, Jian-Guo Chen, Fang Wang, Zhuang-Li Hu
Acidosis has been known to cause "Ca(2+) transients", however, the mechanism is still uncertain. Here, we demonstrated that multiple H(+) sensors, such as ASICs, TRPV1 and proton-sensing G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are involved in extracellular acidification-induced intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) elevation. By using calcium imaging measures, we observed that both ASIC and TRPV1 channels inhibitors suppressed the [Ca(2+)]i elevation induced by extracellular acidosis in cultured rat cardiac myocytes...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322832/dapoxetine-induces-neuroprotective-effects-against-glutamate-induced-neuronal-cell-death-by-inhibiting-calcium-signaling-and-mitochondrial-depolarization-in-cultured-rat-hippocampal-neurons
#19
Imju Jeong, Ji Seon Yang, Yi Jae Hong, Hee Jung Kim, Sang June Hahn, Shin Hee Yoon
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have an inhibitory effect on various ion channels including Ca(2+) channels. We used fluorescent dye-based digital imaging, whole-cell patch clamping and cytotoxicity assays to examine whether dapoxetine, a novel rapid-acting SSRI, affect glutamate-induced calcium signaling, mitochondrial depolarization and neuronal cell death in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Pretreatment with dapoxetine for 10min inhibited glutamate-induced intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) increases in a concentration-dependent manner (Half maximal inhibitory concentration= 4...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320096/a-natural-compound-jaceosidin-ameliorates-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-insulin-resistance-via-upregulation-of-serca2b
#20
Zijun Ouyang, Wanshuai Li, Qianqian Meng, Qi Zhang, Xingqi Wang, Ahmed Elgehama, Xudong Wu, Yan Shen, Yang Sun, Xuefeng Wu, Qiang Xu
Increased endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has emerged as a vital contributor to dysregulated glucose homeostasis, and impaired function of sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2b (SERCA2b) is one of the central mechanisms underlying ER stress. In this study, we reported that SERCA2b upregulation contributed to the amelioration of ER stress and insulin resistance by a small natural compound jaceosidin. In a model of differentiated C2C12 myotubes, jaceosidin-triggered SERCA2b upregulation enhanced insulin sensitivity and decreased ER stress...
March 17, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
keyword
keyword
108271
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"