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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154635/you-have-to-hear-this-using-tone-of-voice-to-motivate-others
#1
Netta Weinstein, Konstantina Zougkou, Silke Paulmann
The present studies explored the role of prosody in motivating others, and applied self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000) to do so. Initial studies describe patterns of prosody that discriminate motivational speech. Autonomy support was expressed with lower intensity, slower speech rate and less voice energy in both motivationally laden and neutral (but motivationally primed) sentences. In a follow-up study, participants were able to recognize motivational prosody in semantically neutral sentences, suggesting prosody alone may carry motivational content...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154557/in-the-shadow-of-coal-how-large-scale-industries-contributed-to-present-day-regional-differences-in-personality-and-well-being
#2
Martin Obschonka, Michael Stuetzer, Peter J Rentfrow, Leigh Shaw-Taylor, Max Satchell, Rainer K Silbereisen, Jeff Potter, Samuel D Gosling
Recent research has identified regional variation of personality traits within countries but we know little about the underlying drivers of this variation. We propose that the Industrial Revolution, as a key era in the history of industrialized nations, has led to a persistent clustering of well-being outcomes and personality traits associated with psychological adversity via processes of selective migration and socialization. Analyzing data from England and Wales, we examine relationships between the historical employment share in large-scale coal-based industries (coal mining and steam-powered manufacturing industries that used this coal as fuel for their steam engines) and today's regional variation in personality and well-being...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147070/evidences-of-a-new-psychobiotic-formulation-on-body-composition-and-anxiety
#3
Carmela Colica, Ennio Avolio, Patrizio Bollero, Renata Costa de Miranda, Simona Ferraro, Paola Sinibaldi Salimei, Antonino De Lorenzo, Laura Di Renzo
Background: Gut microbiota is implied in obesity, because of its ability to harvest energy from diet, and in the regulation of behavior. Given the link between gut microbiota, body composition, obesity, and anxiety, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a new psychobiotic formulation. Methods: Eligible patients were randomly divided into three groups: psychobiotics oral suspension group (POSG); dietary treatment group (DTG); combined treatment group (CTG)...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143765/relative-influence-of-socioeconomic-psychological-and-sensory-characteristics-physical-activity-and-diet-on-5-year-weight-gain-in-french-adults
#4
Aurélie Lampuré, Katia Castetbon, Mohamed Hanafi, Amélie Deglaire, Pascal Schlich, Sandrine Péneau, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean
Individual characteristics, dietary intake and physical activity influence weight status; however, the contribution of each factor to weight change has not been studied. The objective was to confirm a conceptual framework by simultaneously assessing the relative influence of socioeconomic, psychological and sensory characteristics, physical activity, and dietary intake on five-year weight gain in French adults. Individual characteristics, physical activity, and dietary data were assessed at baseline in 8014 participants in the NutriNet-Santé cohort...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131866/association-between-mental-health-status-and-bone-mineral-density-analysis-of-the-2008-2010-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#5
Changtae Hahn, Ji Hoon Oh, Soo-Hyun Joo, Jo-Eun Jeong, Jeong-Ho Chae, Chang-Uk Lee, Tae-Suk Kim
The current study aimed to investigate the association between mental health status and bone mineral density (BMD) using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2010. We enrolled 15,876 South Korean participants (4,010 postmenopausal females, 4,836 premenopausal females, and 7,016 males, all aged 20 years or older). BMD was measured using dual-energy radiography absorptiometry at the femoral neck (NK), lumbar spine (LSP), and total femur (TFM). Mental health status data were obtained from a self-report questionnaire that assessed psychological stress, depressed mood, and suicidal ideation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123357/complementary-therapies-for-symptom-management-in-cancer-patients
#6
Aanchal Satija, Sushma Bhatnagar
Cancer patients are often poly-symptomatic which distressingly affects their quality of lives (QOLs). Alhough, conventional management provides adequate symptom control, yet is coupled with some limitations. Complementary therapies (CTs) have shown beneficial effects in cancer patients for symptomatic relief. The aim of this article is to provide evidence-based review of commonly used CTs for symptom management in cancer care. Hypnosis has promising evidence to be used for managing symptoms such as pain, chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting, distress, fatigue, and hot flashes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119687/combining-biological-and-psychosocial-baseline-variables-did-not-improve-prediction-of-outcome-of-a-very-low-energy-diet-in-a-clinic-referral-population
#7
P Sumithran, K Purcell, S Kuyruk, J Proietto, L A Prendergast
Consistent, strong predictors of obesity treatment outcomes have not been identified. It has been suggested that broadening the range of predictor variables examined may be valuable. We explored methods to predict outcomes of a very-low-energy diet (VLED)-based programme in a clinically comparable setting, using a wide array of pre-intervention biological and psychosocial participant data. A total of 61 women and 39 men (mean ± standard deviation [SD] body mass index: 39.8 ± 7.3 kg/m(2) ) underwent an 8-week VLED and 12-month follow-up...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114979/weight-cycling-in-adults-with-severe-obesity-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave
AIM: Although weight cycling is a common phenomenon in treatment-seeking patients with obesity, its consequences on health outcomes have not yet been completely clarified. We therefore aimed to investigate the effect of one cycle of intentional weight loss and regain on energy expenditure, body composition, cardiovascular risk factors and psychosocial variables in patients with severe obesity. METHODS: Clinical and psychosocial variables were measured in 38 adult patients with severe obesity (body mass index (BMI): 43...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113532/the-grounded-theory-of-trust-building
#9
Monir Ramezani, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Eesa Mohammadi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing importance of spiritual care, the delivery of spiritual care is still an area of disagreement among healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: To develop a grounded theory about spiritual care delivery based on Iranian nurses' perceptions and experiences. A grounded theory approach: A qualitative study using the grounded theory approach. Participants and research context: Data were collected through holding 27 interviews with 25 participants (17 staff nurses, 3 physicians, 3 patients, 1 family member, and 1 nurse assistant)...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110525/behavioural-correlates-of-energy-drink-consumption-among-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Ade Dawodu, Karen Cleaver
Despite regulatory measures on the labelling of energy drinks (EDs), their consumption among adolescents continues to grow in popularity, but teachers increasingly report significant behavioural concerns among students who disclose habitual ED consumption. A review of papers published between January 2010 and October 2016 was undertaken to determine whether an association between adverse behaviour and consumption of ED exists. Findings indicate that ED consumption among adolescents is associated with alcohol and substance use, risky behaviours and psychological states including sensation seeking, depression and anxiety symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094074/progressive-resistance-training-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-concomitant-chemoradiotherapy
#11
Camilla K Lonkvist, Anders Vinther, Bo Zerahn, Eva Rosenbom, Atul S Deshmukh, Pernille Hojman, Julie Gehl
Objectives: Patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma undergoing concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) frequently experience weight loss, especially loss of lean body mass (LBM), and reduced functional performance. This study investigated whether a 12-week hospital-based progressive resistance training (PRT) program during CCRT is feasible in the clinical setting before planning initiation of a larger randomized study which is the long-term goal. Study design: Prospective pilot study...
October 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078005/psychological-treatments-for-people-with-epilepsy
#12
REVIEW
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Janelle L Wagner, Avani C Modi, William Curt LaFrance, Laura H Goldstein, Tobias Lundgren, Markus Reuber
BACKGROUND: Given the significant impact epilepsy can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in evidence-based psychological treatments, aimed at enhancing psychological well-being in people with epilepsy. A review of the current evidence was needed to assess the effects of psychological treatments for people with epilepsy on HRQoL outcomes, in order to inform future therapeutic recommendations and research designs...
October 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072474/resource-scarcity-effort-and-performance-in-physically-demanding-jobs-an-evolutionary-explanation
#13
Marko Pitesa, Stefan Thau
Based on evolutionary theory, we predicted that cues of resource scarcity in the environment (e.g., news of droughts or food shortages) lead people to reduce their effort and performance in physically demanding work. We tested this prediction in a 2-wave field survey among employees and replicated it experimentally in the lab. In Study 1, employees who perceived resources in the environment to be scarce reported exerting less effort when their jobs involved much (but not little) physical work. In Study 2, participants who read that resources in the environment were scarce performed worse on a task demanding more (carrying books) but not less (transcribing book titles) physical work...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071833/-amenorrhea-in-athletic-adolescents-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#14
Martine Jacot-Guillarmod, Cécile Diserens
The female athletic triad refers to the interaction between menstrual function, energy availability and bone density. When an imbalance appears between energy input and output, the global health of the athletic teenager is at risk of somatic and/or psychological complications as defined by the RED-S (Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports). In athletic girls menstrual disorder should be seen as an alert. It may be difficult to distinguish it from menstrual irregularity due to immature hypothalamic-hyphophysic-gonadal axis, which can be physiological at that age...
October 25, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065923/impact-of-6%C3%A2-months-of-treatment-with-intragastric-balloon-on-body-fat-and-quality-of-life-in-obese-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome
#15
Erika Paniago Guedes, Eduardo Madeira, Thiago Thomaz Mafort, Miguel Madeira, Rodrigo Oliveira Moreira, Laura Maria Carvalho de Mendonça, Amélio Fernando de Godoy-Matos, Agnaldo José Lopes, Maria Lucia Fleiuss Farias
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue with a negative impact on quality of life. Different weight loss interventions have demonstrated improvements in quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 6 months of treatment with an intragastric balloon (IGB) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its relation to changes in body fat in obese individuals with metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: Fifty obese patients with MS aged 18-50 were selected for treatment with IGB for 6 months...
October 24, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063418/health-benefits-of-fasting-and-caloric-restriction
#16
REVIEW
Saeid Golbidi, Andreas Daiber, Bato Korac, Huige Li, M Faadiel Essop, Ismail Laher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity and obesity-related diseases, largely resulting from urbanization and behavioral changes, are now of global importance. Energy restriction, though, is associated with health improvements and increased longevity. We review some important mechanisms related to calorie limitation aimed at controlling of metabolic diseases, particularly diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Calorie restriction triggers a complex series of intricate events, including activation of cellular stress response elements, improved autophagy, modification of apoptosis, and alteration in hormonal balance...
October 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052660/symptom-distress-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-toward-the-end-of-life
#17
Lissi Hansen, Nathan F Dieckmann, Kenneth J Kolbeck, Willscott E Naugler, Michael F Chang
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the presence, frequency, severity, and distress of symptoms in outpatients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma toward the end of life, and the variability in psychological and physical symptom distress between and within patients over time. 
. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, descriptive design. 
. SETTING: Outpatient clinics at two healthcare institutions. 
. SAMPLE: 18 patients (15 men and 3 women) with hepatocellular carcinoma and a mean age of 63...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052544/detecting-changes-in-real-time-data-a-user-s-guide-to-optimal-detection
#18
REVIEW
P Johnson, J Moriarty, G Peskir
The real-time detection of changes in a noisily observed signal is an important problem in applied science and engineering. The study of parametric optimal detection theory began in the 1930s, motivated by applications in production and defence. Today this theory, which aims to minimize a given measure of detection delay under accuracy constraints, finds applications in domains including radar, sonar, seismic activity, global positioning, psychological testing, quality control, communications and power systems engineering...
August 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034226/an-overview-of-heart-rate-variability-metrics-and-norms
#19
REVIEW
Fred Shaffer, J P Ginsberg
Healthy biological systems exhibit complex patterns of variability that can be described by mathematical chaos. Heart rate variability (HRV) consists of changes in the time intervals between consecutive heartbeats called interbeat intervals (IBIs). A healthy heart is not a metronome. The oscillations of a healthy heart are complex and constantly changing, which allow the cardiovascular system to rapidly adjust to sudden physical and psychological challenges to homeostasis. This article briefly reviews current perspectives on the mechanisms that generate 24 h, short-term (~5 min), and ultra-short-term (<5 min) HRV, the importance of HRV, and its implications for health and performance...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020832/cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-shirom-melamed-vigor-measure-smvm-with-workers-in-spain
#20
Manuel Pulido-Martos, Montserrat Meléndez-Domínguez, Esther Lopez-Zafra
Shirom's proposal about engagement focuses on vigor. Under this approach, vigor is considered an affect that mediates the relationship between resources, behaviors, and attitudes related to psychological functioning and health. It is important for occupational health professionals to have adequate measures of this construct. The Shirom-Melamed vigor measure (SMVM) was developed to capture this sense of energy comprising three components (physical strength, emotional energy, and cognitive liveliness). In the absence of a Spanish version of the SMVM, our aim is to perform a cultural adaptation and to further analyze its psychometric properties...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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