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Energy psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530498/negative-consequences-of-low-energy-availability-in-natural-male-bodybuilding-a-review
#1
Petter Fagerberg
Energy availability (EA) is a scientific concept describing how much energy is available for basic metabolic functions such as reproduction, immunity and skeletal homeostasis. Carefully controlled studies on women have shown pathological effects of EA<30kcal/kg fat free mass (FFM) and this state has been labeled low EA (LEA). Bodybuilding is a sport in which athletes compete to show muscular definition, symmetry and low body fat. The process of contest preparation in bodybuilding includes months of underfeeding, thus increasing the risk of LEA and its negative health consequences...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526376/the-excessive-caloric-intake-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-related-to-obesity-after-a-long-term-interdisciplinary-therapy
#2
Vanessa Fadanelli Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Amanda Dos Santos Moraes, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Paula Bresciani, Stephan Garcia Andrade-Silva, Marcos Alberto Taddeo Cipullo, José Carlos Clemente, Danielle Arisa Caranti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a long-term interdisciplinary lifestyle modification therapy on food intake, body composition, and anthropometric measurements of obese women. METHODS: Seventy obese women (age 41 ± 5.9 y) attended the interdisciplinary therapy, with nutrition, physical exercise, physiotherapy, and psychological support during the course of 1 y. Usual food intake was estimated by 3-d dietary record. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was performed to determine body fat and fat-free mass...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508360/genome-to-phenome-a-systems-biology-approach-to-ptsd-using-an-animal-model
#3
Nabarun Chakraborty, James Meyerhoff, Marti Jett, Rasha Hammamieh
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating illness that imposes significant emotional and financial burdens on military families. The understanding of PTSD etiology remains elusive; nonetheless, it is clear that PTSD is manifested by a cluster of symptoms including hyperarousal, reexperiencing of traumatic events, and avoidance of trauma reminders. With these characteristics in mind, several rodent models have been developed eliciting PTSD-like features. Animal models with social dimensions are of particular interest, since the social context plays a major role in the development and manifestation of PTSD...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504023/twelve-tips-for-effective-body-language-for-medical-educators
#4
Andrew J Hale, Jason Freed, Daniel Ricotta, Grace Farris, C Christopher Smith
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of human communication is nonverbal. Although the fields of business and psychology have significant literature on effectively using body language in a variety of situations, there is limited literature on effective body language for medical educators. AIM: To provide 12 tips to highlight effective body language strategies and techniques for medical educators. METHOD: The tips provided are based on our experiences and reflections as clinician-educators and the available literature...
May 14, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500020/efficacy-of-a-web-based-guided-recommendation-service-for-a-curated-list-of-readily-available-mental-health-and-well-being-mobile-apps-for-young-people-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Peter Musiat, Megan Winsall, Gillian Vogl, Victoria Blake, Stephen Quinn, Simone Orlowski, Gaston Antezana, Geoffrey Schrader
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are highly prevalent for the people who are aged between 16 and 25 years and can permanently disrupt the development of these individuals. Easily available mobile health (mHealth) apps for mobile phones have great potential for the prevention and early intervention of mental disorders in young adults, but interventions are required that can help individuals to both identify high-quality mobile apps and use them to change health and lifestyle behavior. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess the efficacy of a Web-based self-guided app recommendation service ("The Toolbox") in improving the well-being of young Australians aged between 16 and 25 years...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499269/identification-of-novel-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-targeting-central-and-allosteric-binding-sites-a-virtual-screening-and-molecular-dynamics-simulations-study
#6
Ismail Erol, Busecan Aksoydan, Isik Kantarcioglu, Ramin E Salmas, Serdar Durdagi
The serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT) transporter (SERT) is a member of neurotransmitter sodium symporter (NSS) family, which maintains neurotransmitter by reuptaking 5HT into synapses. Decrease in serotonin concentrations in synaptic clefts have been reported to cause psychological and neurological disorders. Therefore, inhibition of SERT is a potent strategy for the treatment of related diseases such as depression. In this study, approximately 260,000 small molecules from an available chemical database have been virtually screened both at central and allosteric binding sites of SERT to identify potent novel candidate SERT inhibitors...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479217/physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-testosterone-during-severe-energy-deficit-and-recovery-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-for-optimizing-performance-for-soldiers-ops
#7
Stefan M Pasiakos, Claire E Berryman, J Philip Karl, Harris R Lieberman, Jeb S Orr, Lee M Margolis, John A Caldwell, Andrew J Young, Monty A Montano, William J Evans, Oshin Vartanian, Owen T Carmichael, Kishore M Gadde, Melissa Harris, Jennifer C Rood
BACKGROUND: The physiological consequences of severe energy deficit include hypogonadism and the loss of fat-free mass. Prolonged energy deficit also impacts physical performance, mood, attentiveness, and decision-making capabilities. This study will determine whether maintaining a eugonadal state during severe, sustained energy deficit attenuates physiological decrements and maintains mental performance. This study will also assess the effects of normalizing testosterone levels during severe energy deficit and recovery on gut health and appetite regulation...
May 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464549/pathways-of-the-association-between-maternal-employment-and-weight-status-among-women-and-children-qualitative-findings-from-guatemala
#8
Vanessa M Oddo, Pamela J Surkan, Kristen M Hurley, Caitlin Lowery, Silvia de Ponce, Jessica C Jones-Smith
The double burden of malnutrition, defined by the coexistence of undernutrition and overweight, is well documented in low- and middle-income countries. However, the mechanisms by which employment may be related to maternal and child weight status in low- and middle-income countries are not well understood. We conducted in-depth interviews among 20 mothers who participated in Project MIEL, a contemporary trial which evaluated the effects of an integrated micronutrient supplement and parenting intervention in rural Guatemala...
May 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459835/energy-expenditure-and-affect-responses-to-different-types-of-active-video-game-and-exercise
#9
Javier Monedero, Enda E Murphy, Donal J O'Gorman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare entertainment-themed active video game (AVG) and fitness-themed AVG play with traditional exercise to examine the interaction between physiological and psychological responses. METHODS: Participants (N = 23) were randomly assigned to 30-min of (i) self-selected intensity exercise (SS-EX), (ii) moderate intensity exercise (MOD-EX), (iii) entertainment-themed video game (ET-VG) and (iv) fitness-themed video game (FT-VG)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458641/a-test-and-extension-of-lane-and-terry-s-2000-conceptual-model-of-mood-performance-relationships-using-a-large-internet-sample
#10
Andrew M Lane, Peter C Terry, Tracey J Devonport, Andrew P Friesen, Peter A Totterdell
The present study tested and extended Lane and Terry (2000) conceptual model of mood-performance relationships using a large dataset from an online experiment. Methodological and theoretical advances included testing a more balanced model of pleasant and unpleasant emotions, and evaluating relationships among emotion regulation traits, states and beliefs, psychological skills use, perceptions of performance, mental preparation, and effort exerted during competition. Participants (N = 73,588) completed measures of trait emotion regulation, emotion regulation beliefs, regulation efficacy, use of psychological skills, and rated their anger, anxiety, dejection, excitement, energy, and happiness before completing a competitive concentration task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452618/long-term-reintegration-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-a-good-neurological-outcome-findings-after-more-than-20-years
#11
Bengt Sonesson, Erik Kronvall, Hans Säveland, Lennart Brandt, Ola G Nilsson
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to examine long-term quality of life (QOL) and reintegration in patients with good neurological recovery after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and SAH of unknown cause (SAH NUD). METHODS A long-term follow-up was performed in an original cohort of 113 individuals who had suffered SAH (93 with aSAH and 20 with SAH NUD) between 1977 and 1984. Self-reporting assessments, performed > 20 years after the bleeding episode, included the Quality of Life Scale (QOLS), Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB) index, and Reintegration to Normal Living (RNL) index, along with information on sleep disturbances and work status...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452292/body-weight-and-body-composition-changes-during-military-training-and-deployment-involving-the-use-of-combat-rations-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Eliza C Tassone, Bradley A Baker
Dismounted military personnel operate in physically and psychologically demanding environments, with energy intake from combat rations often falling short of their requirements, leading to reductions in body weight and changes in body composition, which can impact both their health and performance. This review systematically investigated the effects of the continual use of combat rations for periods of 3-40 d on body weight and/or body composition in military personnel engaged in training or deployment. In all, ten databases were searched from their inception until October 2016...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446383/development-and-validation-of-the-parenteral-nutrition-impact-questionnaire-pniq-a-patient-centric-outcome-measure-for-home-parenteral-nutrition
#13
Jeanette Wilburn, Stephen P McKenna, Alice Heaney, Matthew Rouse, Michael Taylor, Alison Culkin, Simon Gabe, Sorrel Burden, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with Type 3 Intestinal Failure (IF) who need Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) face several clinical, psychological and social problems. The study was designed to produce and test the first patient-centric measure for HPN ('PNIQ: Parenteral Nutrition Impact Questionnaire'). The new measure focused on the extent to which patients were able to fulfil their human needs. METHODS: Questionnaire content was derived from the analysis of transcripts of interviews conducted with UK HPN patients...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431449/peripheral-and-central-glucocorticoid-signaling-contributes-to-positive-energy-balance-in-rats
#14
Tássia Karin Borba, Lígia Cristina Monteiro Galindo, Kelli Nogueira Ferraz-Pereira, Raquel da Silva Aragão, Ana Elisa Toscano, Omar Guzmán-Quevedo, Raul Manhães-de-Castro
The obesity epidemic has been the target of several studies to understand its etiology. The pathophysiological processes that take to obesity generally relate to the rupture of energy balance. This imbalance can result from environmental and/or endogenous events. Among the endogenous events, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which promotes stress response via glucocorticoid activity, is considered a modulator of energy balance. However, it remains controversial whether the increase in plasma levels of glucocorticoids results in a positive or negative energy balance...
April 21, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423931/comparative-effectiveness-of-two-walking-interventions-on-participation-step-counts-and-health
#15
Aaron Smith-McLallen, Debbie Heller, Kristin Vernisi, Diana Gulick, Samantha Cruz, Richard L Snyder
PURPOSE: To (1) compare the effects of two worksite-based walking interventions on employee participation rates; (2) compare average daily step counts between conditions, and; (3) examine the effects of increases in average daily step counts on biometric and psychologic outcomes. DESIGN: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial in which six employer groups were randomly selected and randomly assigned to condition. SETTING: Four manufacturing worksites and two office-based worksite served as the setting...
March 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415920/what-can-the-food-and-drink-industry-do-to-help-achieve-the-5-free-sugars-goal
#16
Sigrid Gibson, Margaret Ashwell, Jenny Arthur, Lindsey Bagley, Alison Lennox, Peter J Rogers, Sara Stanner
AIMS: To contribute evidence and make recommendations to assist in achieving free sugars reduction, with due consideration to the broader picture of weight management and dietary quality. METHODS: An expert workshop in July 2016 addressed options outlined in the Public Health England report 'Sugar reduction: The evidence for action' that related directly to the food industry. Panel members contributed expertise in food technology, public heath nutrition, marketing, communications, psychology and behaviour...
April 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401817/contesting-facts-about-wind-farms-in-australia-and-the-legitimacy-of-adverse-health-effects
#17
Shannon Clark, Linda Courtenay Botterill
The development of wind energy in Australia has been subject to ongoing public debate and has been characterised by concerns over the health impacts of wind turbines. Using discursive psychology, we examine 'wind turbine syndrome' as a contested illness and analyse how people build and undermine divergent arguments about wind-farm health effects. This article explores two facets of the dispute. First, we consider how participants construct 'facts' about the health effects of wind farms. We examine rhetorical resources used to construct wind farms as harmful or benign...
February 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385036/ethnic-inequalities-in-doctor-patient-communication-regarding-personal-care-plans-the-mediating-effects-of-positive-mental-wellbeing
#18
Kanayo F Umeh
OBJECTIVE: There is limited understanding of ethnic inequalities in doctor-patient communication regarding personal care plans (PCPs). This study investigated the mediating effects of positive mental wellbeing on differences in PCP-related doctor-patient communication amongst South Asian and Caucasian UK residents. DESIGN: Data from 10,980 respondents to the 2013 Health Survey for England was analysed using bootstrapping methods. Constructs from the WEMWBS (Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale) (Stewart-Brown, S...
April 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380599/estimation-of-the-energy-expenditure-of-grazing-ruminants-by-incorporating-dynamic-body-acceleration-into-a-conventional-energy-requirement-system
#19
M Miwa, K Oishi, H Anzai, H Kumagai, S Ieiri, H Hirooka
The estimation of energy expenditure (EE) of grazing animals is of great importance for efficient animal management on pasture. In the present study, a method is proposed to estimate EE in grazing animals based on measurements of body acceleration of animals in combination with the conventional Agricultural and Food Research Council (AFRC) energy requirement system. Three-dimensional body acceleration and heart rate were recorded for tested animals under both grazing and housing management. An acceleration index, vectorial dynamic body acceleration (VeDBA), was used to calculate activity allowance (AC) during grazing and then incorporate it into the AFRC system to estimate the EE (EE derived from VeDBA [EE]) of the grazing animals...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374662/longitudinal-effects-of-disaster-related-experiences-on-mental-health-among-fukushima-nuclear-plant-workers-the-fukushima-news-project-study
#20
A Ikeda, T Tanigawa, H Charvat, H Wada, J Shigemura, I Kawachi
BACKGROUND: The Fukushima Nuclear Energy Workers' Support (NEWS) Project Study previously showed that experiences related to the Fukushima nuclear disaster on 11 March 2011 had a great impact on psychological states, including post-traumatic stress response (PTSR) and general psychological distress (GPD), among the Fukushima nuclear plant workers. To determine the causal relationship between disaster-related experiences and levels of psychological states, we conducted a 3-year longitudinal study from 2011 to 2014...
April 4, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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