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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783004/-the-thing-that-really-gets-me-is-the-future-symptomatology-in-older-homeless-adults-in-the-hope-home-study
#1
Adam Bazari, Maria Patanwala, Lauren M Kaplan, Colette L Auerswald, Margot B Kushel
CONTEXT: The homeless population is aging. Older homeless adults experience premature development of age-related conditions and an elevated symptom burden. Little is known about symptom experience among older homeless adults. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the experience, understanding, and management of physical, psychological, social (e.g. loneliness), and existential (e.g. regret, loss of dignity) symptoms among older homeless adults. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews from June 2016 through March 2017 with a purposive sample of participants from the HOPE HOME cohort, a longitudinal study of homeless adults ages 50 and older...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779747/art-energy-and-the-brain
#2
Robert Pepperell
Recent years have seen a growing interest among neuroscientists and vision scientists in art and aesthetics, exemplifying a more general trend toward interdisciplinary integration in the arts, humanities, and sciences. However, true art-science integration remains a distant prospect due to fundamental differences in outlook and approach between disciplines. I consider two great challenges for any project designed to explain the role of the brain in art appreciation. First, scientists and artists need to identify common ground, common questions, and a shared motivation for inquiry...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774616/psychological-effects-of-belonging-to-a-facebook-weight-management-group-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Monica Jane, Jonathan Foster, Martin Hagger, Suleen Ho, Robert Kane, Sebely Pal
This study was conducted to test whether the weight outcomes in an online social networking group were mediated by changes to psychological outcome measures in overweight and obese individuals, following a weight management programme delivered via Facebook. The data analysed in this study were collected during a three-armed, randomised, controlled clinical weight management trial conducted with overweight and obese adults over 24 weeks. Two intervention groups were given the same weight management programme: one within a Facebook group, along with peer support from other group members (the Facebook Group); the other group received the same programme in a pamphlet (the Pamphlet Group)...
May 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755984/kampo-medicines-for-frailty-in-locomotor-disease
#4
REVIEW
Hajime Nakae, Yuko Hiroshima, Miwa Hebiguchi
Frailty is a syndrome that includes broad problems of senility and consists of three domains: physical, psychological, and social. Kampo medicine is used for intervention in cases of hypofunction in a mental or physical state. Kampo treatment, using Hojin formulations such as Hachimijiogan and Gosyajinkigan, is useful in patients with "jinkyo," or kidney hypofunction. Ketsu includes both blood and its metabolic products that circulate throughout the body. Oketsu is a disturbance of ketsu and is considered to be a microcirculation disorder...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754437/reduced-fiber-size-capillary-supply-and-mitochondrial-activity-in-constitutional-thinness-skeletal-muscle
#5
Bogdan Galusca, Julien Verney, Emmanuelle Meugnier, Yiin Ling, Pascal Edouard, Leonard Feasson, Marion Ravelojaona, Hubert Vidal, Bruno Estour, Natacha Germain
AIM: Constitutional thinness (CT) is a rare condition of natural low bodyweight, with no psychological issues, no marker of undernutrition and a resistance to weight gain. This study evaluated the skeletal muscle phenotype of CT women by comparison to a normal BMI control group. METHODS: 10 CT women (BMI< 17.5 kg/m2) and 10 female controls (BMI: 18.5-25 kg/m2) underwent metabolic and hormonal assessment along with muscle biopsies to analyse the skeletal muscular fibers pattern, capillarity, enzymes activities and transcriptomics...
May 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753805/desire-to-lose-weight-dietary-intake-and-psychological-correlates-among-middle-aged-and-older-women-the-colaus-study
#6
I Carrard, M Kruseman, P Marques-Vidal
Body dissatisfaction has been regularly associated with negative consequences on health of young women, but less is known regarding middle-aged or older women. However, body dissatisfaction in women has been seen for long as a "normative discontent" (i.e. widespread and chronic dissatisfaction) because of its high prevalence among all age categories. The goal of this study was to explore the relationships between the desire to lose weight, energy intake and psychological health in community-dwelling women issued from the second wave (cross-sectional data) of the cohort study CoLaus (2009-2012, Switzerland), taking age categories (40-59 and 60-80) and body mass index (BMI, normal and overweight/obese) into account...
May 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743777/implication-of-emotional-labor-cognitive-flexibility-and-relational-energy-among-cabin-crew-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Rithi Baruah, K Jayasankara Reddy
The primary aim of the civil aviation industry is to provide a secured and comfortable service to their customers and clients. This review concentrates on the cabin crew members, who are the frontline employees of the aviation industry and are salaried to smile. The objective of this review article is to analyze the variables of emotional labor, cognitive flexibility, and relational energy using the biopsychosocial model and identify organizational implications among cabin crew. Online databases such as EBSCOhost, JSTOR, Springerlink, and PubMed were used to gather articles for the review...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737053/-the-research-advancement-and-conception-of-the-deep-underground-medicine
#8
REVIEW
He-Ping Xie, Ji-Feng Liu, Ming-Zhong Gao, Xue-Hong Wan, Shi-Xi Liu, Jian Zou, Jiang Wu, Teng-Fei Ma, Yi-Lin Liu, Hong Bu, Wei-Min Li
The 21th century is the century of exploring and utilizing the underground space. In the future, more and more people will spend more and more time living or/and working in the underground space. However,we know little about the effect on the health of human caused by the underground environment. Herein,we systematically put forward the strategic conception of the deep-underground medicine,in order to reveal relative effects and mechanism of the potential factors in the deep underground space on human's physiological and psychological healthy,and to work out the corresponding countermeasures...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736239/clinical-and-psychological-features-of-children-and-adolescents-diagnosed-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-eating-disorder-program-a-descriptive-study
#9
Megan Cooney, Melissa Lieberman, Tim Guimond, Debra K Katzman
Background: Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating disorder first described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 2013]. Patients with ARFID do not fear gaining weight or have body image distortions. ARFID involves a persistent disturbance in feeding and eating that results in an inability to meet nutritional and/or energy needs with one of the following: weight loss or failure to achieve appropriate weight gain, nutritional deficiency, dependence on enteral feeding or nutritional supplements and significant interference with psychosocial functioning...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733668/toward-understanding-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-among-trauma-affected-widows-in-sri-lanka
#10
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Spencer James, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we applied conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989) to explain high rates of depression and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among war- and disaster-affected Tamil widows in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. We hypothesized exposure to potentially traumatic events and severity of current contextual problems would influence PTSS and depressive symptoms directly and indirectly through loss of psychological (view of self), environmental (sense of community), and energy (physical health) resources...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724486/computer-based-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-epilepsy-related-health-variables-and-their-impact-on-treatment-decision
#11
Melanie Bergmann, Manuela Prieschl, Gerald Walser, Gerhard Luef, Gerhard Rumpold, Iris Unterberger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of electronic patient-reported outcomes (ePROs) with focus on epilepsy-specific quality of life, psychiatric and psychosocial burden, drug side effects, and patient satisfaction via the Computer-based Health Evaluation System (CHES) and to evaluate their impact on treatment regimen. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy undergoing prolonged video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring at the Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University were included and randomized to an intervention group (questionnaire results accessible to the physicians) and a control group (questionnaire results inaccessible to the physicians)...
April 30, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722578/a-review-of-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-in-artistic-synchronized-swimming
#12
Sherry Robertson, Margo Mountjoy
The syndrome Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) is a clinical entity characterized by low energy availability (LEA), which can negatively affect the health and performance of both male and female athletes. The underlying mechanism of RED-S is an inadequacy of dietary energy to support optimal health and performance. This syndrome refers to impaired physiological function including metabolic rate, menstrual function, bone health, immunity, protein synthesis, and cardiovascular health, with psychological consequences which can either precede (through restrictive dietary habits) or result from RED-S...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717965/issues-with-choice-architecture-environmental-ethics-and-globalization
#13
Edward Sankowski
Cass R. Sunstein's book The Ethics of Influence appears to have three ideological features notable for purposes of this essay. The book emphasizes choice architecture (and related notions such as nudges and defaults), which should be ethically scrutinized to guard against ethical abuses and to assist us in ethically desirable uses of scientific psychology and behavioral economics. (1) This particular book focuses more on scrutinizing nation-state government than on corporate activities. (2) This book focuses more on domestically directed governmental action than on externally directed governmental action...
2018: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717270/biological-and-psychological-mediators-of-the-relationships-between-fat-mass-fat-free-mass-and-energy-intake
#14
Mark Hopkins, Graham Finlayson, Cristiana Duarte, Catherine Gibbons, Alexandra M Johnstone, Stephen Whybrow, Graham W Horgan, John E Blundell, R James Stubbs
BACKGROUND: While recent studies in humans indicate that fat-free mass (FFM) is closely associated with energy intake (EI) when in energy balance, associations between fat mass (FM) and EI are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The present study used a cross-sectional design to examine the indirect and direct effects of FFM, FM and resting metabolic rate (RMR) on EI in individuals at or close to energy balance. METHODS: Data for 242 individuals (114 males; 128 females; BMI = 25...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704915/optimizing-nutrition-in-older-people
#15
REVIEW
Miriam E Clegg, Elizabeth A Williams
Older adults are at increased risk of malnutrition, for a variety of physiological and psychological reasons. This has implications for health, quality of life, independence and economic circumstances. Improvements in nutrition are known to bring tangible benefits to older people and many age-related diseases and conditions can be prevented, modulated or ameliorated by good nutrition. However, practical and realistic approaches are required to optimize diet and food intake in older adults. One area where improvements can be made relates to appetite...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689338/the-ketogenic-diet-in-disease-and-development
#16
REVIEW
Denis Barry, Sarah Ellul, Lindsey Watters, David Lee, Robert Haluska, Robin White
The ketogenic diet, low in carbohydrates and high in fat, was initially designed to reduce seizure onset in epilepsy. More recent evidence has shown its effectiveness in the treatment of movement and psychological disorders, and in general health maintenance. The cellular significance of ketone body metabolism during development and in the adult central nervous system is being revealed; however, the effects of replacing glucose with ketone bodies as the brains primary energy source especially in pregnancy are not fully understood...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686381/the-association-of-air-pollution-with-body-mass-index-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#17
Jian V Huang, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
BACKGROUND: Child overweight and obesity have increased substantially in many countries. Physical and psychological effects of childhood obesity endure throughout adulthood. Much attention has been paid to energy intake and expenditure in childhood adiposity, but less to environmental factors, such as outdoor air quality. Here we assessed prospectively the association of exposure to air pollution with body mass index (BMI) in late childhood and early adolescence. METHODS: We assessed the association of air pollutants (particulate matter with a diameter of 10 µm or less (PM10 ), sulfur dioxide (SO2 ), nitric oxide (NO), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2 )) at different growth phases (in utero, in infancy, and in childhood) with BMI at ~9, ~11, ~13, and ~15 years in a population-representative birth cohort from Hong Kong, "Children of 1997...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661223/youth-s-social-network-structures-and-peer-influences-study-protocol-mymovez-project-phase-i
#18
Kirsten E Bevelander, Crystal R Smit, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Laura Buijs, William J Burk, Moniek Buijzen
BACKGROUND: Youth are an important target group for social network interventions, because they are particularly susceptible to the adaptation of healthy and unhealthy habits and behaviors of others. They are surrounded by 'social influence agents' (i.e., role models such as family, friends and peers) that co-determine their dietary intake and physical activity. However, there is a lack of systematic and comprehensive research on the implementation of a social network approach in health campaigns...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657669/dual-effect-of-photobiomodulation-on-melasma-downregulation-of-hyperpigmentation-and-enhanced-solar-resistance-a-pilot-study
#19
Daniel Barolet
Overview. Melasma is a resistant, sun-induced facial hyperpigmentation capable of remaining present for decades with ensuing psychological distress. Treatment is difficult and focuses on an array of measures to reduce skin hyperpigmentation resulting from triggered hyperactive melanocytes. The pathogenesis of melanoma is not clearly understood but it has been reported that some growth factors and specific cell-signaling pathways are involved. Objective. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the use of pulsed photobiomodulation to modulate melasma via the regulation of gene expression pertaining to skin pigmentation...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649791/the-long-term-impact-of-high-levels-of-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-in-energy-balance-among-obese-adolescents
#20
Ana Claudia Pelissari Kravchychyn, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Ferreira Vicente, Yasmin Alaby Martins Ferreira, Patrícia Leão Silva, Aline de Piano Ganen, Lila Missae Oyama, Lian Tock, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sérgio Tufik, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of orexigenic and anorexigenic pathways occurs among adolescents with obesity. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a key catabolic mediator of energy homeostasis and an important anorexigenic neuropeptide in the control of energy balance and thermogenesis. However, it was not well explored if α-MSH can modulate long-term weight loss therapy responses in a dependent manner according to its concentration. Our hypothesis is that a high α-MSH concentration at baseline promotes better modulation of anorexigenic/orexigenic pathways in obese adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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