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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924813/taotie-neurons-regulate-appetite-in-drosophila
#1
Yin Peng Zhan, Li Liu, Yan Zhu
The brain has an essential role in maintaining a balance between energy intake and expenditure of the body. Deciphering the processes underlying the decision-making for timely feeding of appropriate amounts may improve our understanding of physiological and psychological disorders related to feeding control. Here, we identify a group of appetite-enhancing neurons in a behavioural screen for flies with increased appetite. Manipulating the activity of these neurons, which we name Taotie neurons, induces bidirectional changes in feeding motivation...
December 7, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923457/micrornas-in-the-hypothalamus
#2
REVIEW
Mohammed Taouis
The brain is considered a major site for microRNA (miRNA) expression; as evidenced by several studies reporting microarray data of different brain substructures. The hypothalamus is among the brain regions that plays a crucial role in integrating signals from other brain nuclei as well as environmental, hormonal, metabolic and neuronal signals from the periphery in order to deliver an adequate response. The hypothalamus controls vital functions such as reproduction, energy homeostasis, water balance, circadian rhythm and stress...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918840/resilience-and-risk-for-alcohol-use-disorders-a-swedish-twin-study
#3
Elizabeth C Long, Sara L Lönn, Jianguang Ji, Paul Lichtenstein, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler
BACKGROUND: Resilience has been shown to be protective against alcohol use disorders (AUDs), but the magnitude and nature of the relationship between these 2 phenotypes are not clear. The aim of this study was to examine the strength of this relationship and the degree to which it results from common genetic or common environmental influences. METHODS: Resilience was assessed on a 9-point scale during a personal interview in 1,653,721 Swedish men aged 17 to 25 years...
December 5, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916906/enabling-smart-air-conditioning-by-sensor-development-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Chin-Chi Cheng, Dasheng Lee
The study investigates the development of sensors, in particular the use of thermo-fluidic sensors and occupancy detectors, to achieve smart operation of air conditioning systems. Smart operation refers to the operation of air conditioners by the reinforcement of interaction to achieve both thermal comfort and energy efficiency. Sensors related to thermal comfort include those of temperature, humidity, and pressure and wind velocity anemometers. Improvements in their performance in the past years have been studied by a literature survey...
November 30, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897406/integrated-care-for-geriatric-frailty-and-sarcopenia-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Hsiao-Hui Tsou, Chirn-Bin Chang, Rong-Sen Yang, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Ching-Yu Chen, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Ya-Ting Hsu, Chia-Hui Chen, Shu-Fang Chang, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Ken N Kuo
BACKGROUND: Exercise, nutrition, and psychological interventions may all have positive impacts on frailty and sarcopenia. However, it is not known whether an integrated care programme with all three components can be beneficial and the intensity of such programme is also not certain. In this study, we aim to determine the effectiveness of two levels of integrated care on frailty and sarcopenia. METHODS: A randomized control trial was conducted at two community hospitals in Taiwan...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887997/a-role-for-leptin-regulated-neurocircuitry-in-subordination-stress
#6
REVIEW
Jonathan N Flak
The visible burrow system produces a distinct combination of psychological and metabolic stress on, primarily, subordinate individuals that results in pronounced physiologic and behavioral dysfunction. However, the mechanisms underlying the consequences of chronic subordination stress are largely unknown. The simplest mechanistic explanation is that adaptations within brain systems with overlapping functions of both psychological and metabolic control provide immediate benefits that result in lasting susceptibility to diseases, disorders, and increased mortality rates in subordinates...
November 22, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878386/associated-symptoms-of-depression-patterns-of-change-during-pregnancy
#7
Rita T Amiel Castro, Claudia Pinard Anderman, Vivette Glover, Thomas G O'Connor, Ulrike Ehlert, Martin Kammerer
Little is known about the natural course of depressive symptoms and associated features throughout pregnancy. We examined the course of some psychological and somatic symptoms in each month of pregnancy in a normative sample. A consecutive, unselected sample of women (N = 374) were interviewed retrospectively at 6 weeks postpartum with the Structured Clinical Interview (DSM-IV). Women were asked whether they had experienced each symptom at any time during pregnancy and the occurrence of the symptom for each month of pregnancy...
November 22, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875567/transforming-water-social-influence-moderates-psychological-physiological-and-functional-response-to-a-placebo-product
#8
Alia J Crum, Damon J Phillips, J Parker Goyer, Modupe Akinola, E Tory Higgins
This paper investigates how social influence can alter physiological, psychological, and functional responses to a placebo product and how such responses influence the ultimate endorsement of the product. Participants consumed a product, "AquaCharge Energy Water," falsely-labeled as containing 200 mg of caffeine but which was actually plain spring water, in one of three conditions: a no social influence condition, a disconfirming social influence condition, and a confirming social influence condition. Results demonstrated that the effect of the product labeling on physiological alertness (systolic blood pressure), psychological alertness (self-reported alertness), functional alertness (cognitive interference), and product endorsement was moderated by social influence: participants experienced more subjective, physiological and functional alertness and stronger product endorsement when they consumed the product in the confirming social influence condition than when they consumed the product in the disconfirming social influence condition...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852972/-psychological-effects-of-children-to-their-parents
#9
Ferenc Süle
The demographic problems do it necessary to scrutinize the deep psychological components of its. The humanity regenerates continuously as a spring in the children's family life. We examine the positive psychological effects of the children to their parents. 1.The child means a positive spontaneously induce fo love. 2 Our birth is the most ancestral experience of our personal life. It means a development for parent's personality. 3. The adventure of construct together is energy generator. 4. The child gives feedback for the unconscious of the parents...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846822/quality-of-life-of-caregivers-of-patients-diagnosed-with-severe-mental-illness-at-the-national-referral-hospitals-in-uganda
#10
Cynthia Ndikuno, Mariam Namutebi, Job Kuteesa, David Mukunya, Connie Olwit
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 450 million people suffer from mental and behavioral disorders. In Uganda, it is estimated that 35% of the population that is 9,574,915 people suffer from some form of mental illness. Caregivers are increasingly bearing the responsibility of taking care of these patients, which can influence their QoL due to the social and economic costs they incur. The aim of the study was to assess the QoL of caregivers for patients diagnosed with severe mental illness attending the National Referral Hospitals in Uganda...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843054/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-and-nonrandomized-trials-of-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques-eft-for-the-treatment-of-depression
#11
Jerrod A Nelms, Liana Castel
BACKGROUND: Among a group of therapies collectively known as energy psychology (EP), emotional freedom techniques (EFT) is the most widely practiced. Clinical EFT is an evidence-based practice combining elements of cognitive and exposure therapies with the manual stimulation of acupuncture points (acupoints). Lacking is a recent quantitative meta-analysis that enhances understanding of the variability and clinical significance of outcomes after clinical EFT treatment in reducing depression...
November 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806419/-the-role-of-circadian-rhythms-in-aging-and-adhd
#12
A Popa-Wagner
The circadian rhythms coordinates the internal physiology to increase the homeostatic capacity thereby providing both a survival advantage to the system and an optimization of energy budgeting. Because multiple-oscillator circadian mechanisms are likely to play a role in regulating human health, and may contribute to the aging process, we give an overview of the relationship between the central clock in the hypothalamus and peripheral clocks for psychological health and aging.
October 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801685/dietary-protein-intake-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
Gang Jee Ko, Yoshitsugu Obi, Amanda R Tortorici, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-protein intake may lead to increased intraglomerular pressure and glomerular hyperfiltration. This can cause damage to glomerular structure leading to or aggravating chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hence, a low-protein diet (LPD) of 0.6-0.8 g/kg/day is often recommended for the management of CKD. We reviewed the effect of protein intake on incidence and progression of CKD and the role of LPD in the CKD management. RECENT FINDINGS: Actual dietary protein consumption in CKD patients remains substantially higher than the recommendations for LPD...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797154/binge-abstinence-is-associated-with-reduced-energy-intake-after-treatment-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity
#14
Robin M Masheb, Lindsey M Dorflinger, Barbara J Rolls, Diane C Mitchell, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED) is strongly associated with obesity and related medical and psychiatric morbidities. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has consistently been shown to reduce binge eating frequency and improve psychological functioning, as well as to produce abstinence rates of roughly 50%. This study examined the relationship between binge abstinence and dietary and psychological outcomes after CBT for BED. METHODS: Fifty adult patients with BED received 6-month treatments using a combination of CBT and dietary counseling...
October 31, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793197/self-administered-acupressure-for-symptom-management-among-chinese-family-caregivers-with-caregiver-stress-a-randomized-wait-list-controlled-trial
#15
Agnes Tiwari, Lixing Lao, Amy Xiao-Min Wang, Denise Shuk Ting Cheung, Mike Ka Pui So, Doris Sau Fung Yu, Terry Yat Sang Lum, Helina Yin King Yuk Fung, Jerry Wing Fai Yeung, Zhang-Jin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Caregiving can be stressful, potentially creating physical and psychological strain. Substantial evidence has shown that family caregivers suffer from significant health problems arising from the demands of caregiving. Although there are programs supporting caregivers, there is little evidence regarding their effectiveness. Acupressure is an ancient Chinese healing method designed to restore the flow of Qi (vital energy) by applying external pressure to acupoints. A randomized, wait-list controlled trial was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of a self-administered acupressure intervention on caregiver stress (primary objective) and stress-related symptoms of fatigue, insomnia, depression, and health-related quality of life (secondary objectives) in Chinese caregivers of older family members...
October 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774810/labor-market-integration-immigration-experience-and-psychological-distress-in-a-multi-ethnic-sample-of-immigrants-residing-in-portugal
#16
Ana F Teixeira, Sónia F Dias
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining how factors relating to immigrants' experience in the host country affect psychological distress (PD). Specifically, we analyzed the association among socio-economic status (SES), integration in the labor market, specific immigration experience characteristics, and PD in a multi-ethnic sample of immigrant individuals residing in Lisbon, Portugal. DESIGN: Using a sample (n = 1375) consisting of all main immigrant groups residing in Portugal's metropolitan area of Lisbon, we estimated multivariable linear regression models of PD regressed on selected sets of socio-economic independent variables...
October 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757841/classifying-fibromyalgia-syndrome-as-a-mental-disorder-an-ambulatory-assessment-study
#17
Kristina Klaus, Susanne Fischer, Johanna M Doerr, Urs M Nater, Ricarda Mewes
PURPOSE: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is associated with psychological distress. The recent revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) raises the question of whether FMS is classifiable as "somatic symptom disorder" (SSD) and consequently as a mental disorder. To address this, the present ambulatory assessment study focuses on the everyday life occurrence of SSD symptoms in FMS and their predictive value concerning severity indicators of widespread pain...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746146/methamphetamine-induced-toxicity-the-role-of-autophagy
#18
Ali Roohbakhsh, Kobra Shirani, Gholamreza Karimi
Methamphetamine (METH) is a highly potent and addictive drug with major medical, psychiatric, cognitive, socioeconomic, and legal consequences. It is well absorbed following different routes of administration and distributed throughout the body. METH is known as psychomotor stimulant with potent physiological outcomes on peripheral and central nervous systems, resulting in physical and psychological disorders. Autophagy is a highly conserved and regulated catabolic pathway which is critical for maintaining cellular energy homeostasis and regulating cell growth...
October 13, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727100/the-dietary-quality-of-food-pantry-users-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-of-existing-literature
#19
Anja Simmet, Julia Depa, Peter Tinnemann, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
Users of food pantries often have a long history of food insecurity and may be vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies. The quality of their diets is not well researched. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the published evidence about the dietary quality of food pantry users. Systematic database searches of PubMed, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, and Psychology Behavioral Sciences Collection, and hand searches of references were conducted to identify cross-sectional, cohort, and intervention studies reporting baseline data, conducted in high-income countries and published between 1980 and 2015, which reported on the nutritional adequacy of individuals who have used a food pantry at least once in the previous 12 months...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702984/the-role-of-interaction-patterns-with-hybrid-electric-vehicle-eco-features-for-drivers-eco-driving-performance
#20
Matthias G Arend, Thomas Franke
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present research was to understand drivers' interaction patterns with hybrid electric vehicles' (HEV) eco-features (electric propulsion, regenerative braking, neutral mode) and their relationship to fuel efficiency and driver characteristics (technical system knowledge, eco-driving motivation). BACKGROUND: Eco-driving (driving behaviors performed to achieve higher fuel efficiency) has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions caused by road vehicles...
October 4, 2016: Human Factors
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