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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921462/bifidobacterium-pseudocatenulatum-cect-7765-ameliorates-neuroendocrine-alterations-associated-with-an-exaggerated-stress-response-and-anhedonia-in-obese-mice
#1
Ana Agusti, A Moya-Pérez, I Campillo, S Montserrat-de la Paz, V Cerrudo, A Perez-Villalba, Yolanda Sanz
Obesity, besides being a problem of metabolic dysfunction, constitutes a risk factor for psychological disorders. Experimental models of diet-induced obesity have revealed that obese animals are prone to anxious and depressive-like behaviors. The present study aimed to evaluate whether Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 could reverse the neurobehavioral consequences of obesity in a high-fat diet (HFD) fed mouse model via regulation of the gut-brain axis. Adult male wild-type C57BL-6 mice were fed a standard diet or HFD, supplemented with either placebo or the bifidobacterial strain for 13 weeks...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900751/effect-of-wavelength-and-beam-width-on-penetration-in-light-tissue-interaction-using-computational-methods
#2
Caerwyn Ash, Michael Dubec, Kelvin Donne, Tim Bashford
Penetration depth of ultraviolet, visible light and infrared radiation in biological tissue has not previously been adequately measured. Risk assessment of typical intense pulsed light and laser intensities, spectral characteristics and the subsequent chemical, physiological and psychological effects of such outputs on vital organs as consequence of inappropriate output use are examined. This technical note focuses on wavelength, illumination geometry and skin tone and their effect on the energy density (fluence) distribution within tissue...
September 12, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894077/-experience-of-frailty-in-korean-elderly-a-phenomenological-study-utilizing-the-colaizzi-method
#3
Jin Kyoung Park
PURPOSE: This study attempts to explore the subjective experience of frailty among elderly individuals in Korea. METHODS: From June to August in 2014, 11 elderly persons who had experienced frailty in a community were interviewed. For data analysis, the method suggested by Colaizzi was applied as a phenomenological method. RESULTS: According to the analysis, the study participants' frailty process was structured in seven categories: (a) 'natural phenomenon with ageing,' (b) 'life force comes to an end,' (c) 'the light in my heart turns off,' (d) 'unavoidable situation,' (e) 'continuous and connected vicious cycle,' (f) 'the limit of recovery energy already passes,' and (g) 'life is supported by someones help...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886167/degradable-transportation-network-with-the-addition-of-electric-vehicles-network-equilibrium-analysis
#4
Rui Zhang, Enjian Yao, Yang Yang
Introducing electric vehicles (EVs) into urban transportation network brings higher requirement on travel time reliability and charging reliability. Specifically, it is believed that travel time reliability is a key factor influencing travelers' route choice. Meanwhile, due to the limited cruising range, EV drivers need to better learn about the required energy for the whole trip to make decisions about whether charging or not and where to charge (i.e., charging reliability). Since EV energy consumption is highly related to travel speed, network uncertainty affects travel time and charging demand estimation significantly...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874055/exploring-symptom-clusters-in-people-with-heart-failure
#5
Jumin Park, Debra K Moser, Kathleen Griffith, Jeffrey R Harring, Meg Johantgen
Patients with heart failure (HF) experience multiple symptoms or symptom clusters. The purposes of this study were to (a) determine if distinct latent classes of HF symptoms could be identified, and (b) explore whether sociodemographic and clinical characteristics influenced symptom cluster membership. A total of 4,011 HF patients recruited from outpatient setting completed the Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ), including five physical symptoms (edema, shortness of breath, fatigue-increased need to rest, fatigue-low energy, and sleep difficulties) and three psychological symptoms (worrying, feeling depressed, and cognitive problems)...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869813/prevalence-and-predictors-of-depression-and-well-being-after-hysterectomy-an-observational-study
#6
Maurice Theunissen, Madelon L Peters, Jan Schepers, Dick C Schoot, Hans-Fritz Gramke, Marco A Marcus
OBJECTIVES: To assess risk and predictive factors for depression and well-being, 3 and 12 months after elective hysterectomy. Secondary objectives were to assess the incidence of depression, level of well-being, and feelings of femininity. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective multicenter cohort study was performed among 419 women, undergoing hysterectomy for benign indication. Data were collected in the week prior to surgery, and in the per- and postoperative period up to the fourth postoperative day and 3 and 12 months after surgery...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866661/observational-study-of-perspectives-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-concerning-the-use-of-corticosteroids
#7
Sadaf Asl Baakhtari, Andrew McCombie, Sebastiaan Ten Bokkel Huinink, Peter Irving, Corey A Siegel, Roger Mulder, Chris J Mulder, Richard Gearry
AIM: We aimed to investigate the factors that make inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients more or less likely to be willing to take corticosteroids. METHODS: Respondents completed a questionnaire. The primary outcome was whether the respondents would or would not use corticosteroids again to treat their IBD. Three separate univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to examine which variables predicted willingness to take steroids, including specific side effects...
September 2, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857057/health-sector-responses-to-address-the-impacts-of-climate-change-in-nepal
#8
Meghnath Dhimal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Raja Ram Pote-Shrestha, David A Groneberg, Ulrich Kuch
Nepal is highly vulnerable to global climate change, despite its negligible emission of global greenhouse gases. The vulnerable climate-sensitive sectors identified in Nepal's National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change 2010 include agriculture, forestry, water, energy, public health, urbanization and infrastructure, and climate-induced disasters. In addition, analyses carried out as part of the NAPA process have indicated that the impacts of climate change in Nepal are not gender neutral...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837353/the-psychological-effects-of-playing-exergames-a-systematic-review
#9
Seungmin Lee, Wonkyung Kim, Taiwoo Park, Wei Peng
Successful exergames should lead players not only to achieve enough level of energy expenditure but also to engage in the play itself. The aim of this study is to review studies that explored the psychological effects of playing exergames, from the viewpoint of player engagement. Peer-reviewed journal articles in English collected via database search (Science Direct, Web of Science, ACM Digital Library) from 2011 to 2015 were considered, and 45 experimental studies were selected out of 911 studies. The results show that a variety of psychological effects of engagement including enjoyment, immersion, and flow were measured in the exergame studies...
September 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801068/lepr-polymorphism-may-affect-energy-balance-during-weight-loss-among-brazilians-obese-adolescents
#10
Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Sandro Soares Almeida, Lian Tock, João Bosco Pesquero, Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Bárbara Dal'Molin Netto, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Joana Pereira de Carvalho Ferreira, Priscila de Lima Sanches, Aline de Piano Ganen, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Lila Missae Oyama, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
OBJECTIVE: Leptin is an adipokine released mainly by adipose tissue, with many functions including regulation of energy balance. However, little is known about the effect of LEPR polymorphism on orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptides. Thus, the aim of the present study is to verify the influence of LEPR polymorphism (rs2767485) on serum orexigenic (NPY, MCH and AgRP) and anorexigenic (Leptin and α-MSH) neuropeptides levels among obese adolescents submitted to 1year of multicomponent weight loss therapy...
August 2, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789869/stress-induced-eating-and-the-relaxation-response-as-a-potential-antidote-a-review-and-hypothesis
#11
REVIEW
Tasmiah Masih, James A Dimmock, Elissa S Epel, Kym J Guelfi
There is an accumulating body of evidence to indicate that stress leads to the consumption of unhealthy, energy-dense, palatable food, potentially contributing to the alarming global prevalence of chronic diseases, including obesity. However, comparatively little research has been devoted to addressing how best to remedy this growing problem. We provide an overview of the influence of stress on dietary intake, and then explore the novel, yet simple, possibility that regular elicitation of the relaxation response may effectively reduce stress-induced eating via both physiological neuroendocrine and reward pathways and psychological pathways involving emotion regulation, and habitual coping...
August 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789581/profiling-of-smokers-and-snuffers-among-young-finnish-men-cross-sectional-epidemiological-study
#12
Jari Päkkilä, Vuokko Anttonen, Pertti Patinen, Kai Nyman, Kirsi Valkeapää, Dowen Birkhed, Leo Tjäderhane, Tarja Tanner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to get new information from several sources about the background factors of Finnish smokers, snuffers, and dual users. Profiles of young smokers and snuffers were investigated in association with restorative treatment need, oral hygiene, eating habits, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), psychological and socioeconomic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 3420 conscripts. The data were collected from four different sources: a health examination including an oral health screening, a computer-based questionnaire for investigating individual background factors, a psychological test assessing cognitive skills, and the Cooper test...
August 8, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764300/effect-of-pranayama-on-ppar-%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-expressions-and-red-complex-microorganisms-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinical-trial
#13
Jaideep Mahendra, Little Mahendra, R Ananthalakshmi, Prathahini S Parthiban, Sandhya Cherukuri, Mohammed Junaid
INTRODUCTION: Sudarshankriya pranayama is the control of breathing movements to regulate the energy flow throughout the body, which has shown to positively affect immune function, autonomic nervous system and psychologic-neuro pathways. The practice of pranayama has been proven to show several benefits such as reduction in stress levels, relieves anxiety and depression, increase in antioxidant levels, reduces insulin resistance and improves respiratory function. AIM: The objective of the study was to evaluate the levels of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma (PPAR-γ), Nuclear Factor-Kappa B (NF-κB) and the presence of Red Complex Microorganisms (RCM) such as Treponema denticola, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia in the subgingivalpl aque samples of chronic periodontitis subjects before and after intervention with pranayama as an adjunct to Scaling and Root Planing (SRP)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745464/elite-athletes-and-pubertal-delay
#14
Karina Kapczuk
Intensive physical training and participation in competitive sports during childhood and early adolescence may affect athletes' pubertal development. On the other hand, pubertal timing, early or late, may impact on an athlete selection for a particular sport. Genetic predisposition, training load, nutritional status and psychological stress determine athletes' pubertal timing. Athletes that practice esthetic sports, especially gymnasts, are predisposed to a delay in pubertal development. The growing evidence indicates that energy deficiency, not a systemic training per se, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of functional hypothalamic hypogonadism in female athletes...
October 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737419/behavioral-activation-as-a-common-mechanism-of-change-across-different-orientations-and-disorders
#15
Giancarlo Dimaggio, Golan Shahar
Behavioral activation is an effective treatment for depression, based on targeting deprivation of positive rewards. It becomes more and more evident that many forms of mental disorders and psychological suffering involve reduction of goal-driven and pleasant activities. This reduction leaves negative mental states free to take the center of consciousness, without being counterbalanced by positive feelings, memories, and experiences of agency, self-efficacy, competence, relaxation, energy, and satisfaction. Reduced activity can be found in disorders ranging from chronic pain to personality disorders and schizophrenia...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727492/chronic-psychological-stress-seems-associated-with-elements-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-ischaemic-heart-disease
#16
Natasha Bergmann, Søren Ballegaard, Jesper Krogh, Per Bech, Åke Hjalmarson, Finn Gyntelberg, Jens Faber
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic psychological stress, the metabolic syndrome (MS) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) seem closely connected. In this study, we evaluate the association between chronic stress and elements of MS in patients with stable IHD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty patients with stable IHD were included. Chronic stress was evaluated by the two questionnaires, Major Depression Inventory (MDI) and the psychological wellbeing index WHO-5, as well as by Pressure Pain Sensitivity (PPS), a physiological measure of hyperalgesia at the sternum known to be associated to elements of the chronic stress syndrome...
July 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727247/acceptability-of-a-very-low-energy-diet-in-type-2-diabetes-patient-experiences-and-behaviour-regulation
#17
L Rehackova, V Araújo-Soares, A J Adamson, S Steven, R Taylor, F F Sniehotta
AIMS: To evaluate the acceptability of an 8-week very-low-energy diet for remission of Type 2 diabetes, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of adherence and the behavioural strategies used by participants of the Counterbalance study. METHODS: Eighteen of the 30 participants in the Counterbalance study (ISRCTN88634530) took part in semi-structured interviews. Of these, 15 participants were interviewed before and after the 8-week very-low-energy diet intervention...
July 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714097/a-randomized-comparative-pilot-trial-of-family-based-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-reducing-psychosocial-symptoms-disordered-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-at-risk-preadolescents-with-loss-of-control-eating
#18
Lauren B Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Camden E Matherne, Rim D Mehari, Cara H Olsen, Shannon E Marwitz, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M Brady, Laura J Dietz, Denise E Wilfley, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health education (FB-HE) to evaluate changes in children's psychosocial functioning, LOC-eating, and body mass. METHOD: A randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted with 29 children, 8 to 13 years who had overweight/obesity and LOC-eating...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676966/eating-disorders-and-the-intestinal-microbiota-mechanisms-of-energy-homeostasis-and-behavioral-influence
#19
REVIEW
Elaine M Glenny, Emily C Bulik-Sullivan, Quyen Tang, Cynthia M Bulik, Ian M Carroll
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We reviewed and evaluated recently published scientific studies that explored the role of the intestinal microbiota in eating disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have demonstrated that the intestinal microbiota is a contributing factor to both host energy homeostasis and behavior-two traits commonly disrupted in patients with eating disorders. To date, intestinal microbiota research in eating disorders has focused solely on anorexia nervosa (AN)...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665560/-female-athlete-triad-what-s-new
#20
Alexandra Nowak, Jean-Luc Ziltener, Silvia Bonfanti
The Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport has been suggested as the new and wider denomination of the Female athlete triad. This new terminology enables a wider approach to the different consequences of an insufficient energy intake amongst regular athletes. In fact, this energy dysbalance leads to a wider pathological phenomenon touching many systems (e.g. cardiovascular, psychological, hematological…). This designation is no longer restricted to the female gender, and now also includes men, whom are nowadays less affected or maybe only less assessed...
July 13, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
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