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Energy psychology

Valentina Penalba, Teresa L Deshields, Dean Klinkenberg
PURPOSE: Good communication between patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) is an important contributor to patient well-being. Few studies have focused on the gaps in communication between patients and HCPs about symptoms. This study examined patients' perspectives on symptom distress, intention to discuss symptoms, and actual symptom discussion in medical oncology visits. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Ninety-four patients provided demographic and clinical information and completed the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale...
September 15, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Rosa Michaelis, Helmut Schöller, Yvonne Höller, Gudrun Kalss, Margarita Kirschner, Elisabeth Schmid, Eugen Trinka, Günter Schiepek
BACKGROUND: Admission to the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) for long-term video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring (VEEG) constitutes the gold standard for seizure diagnosis and presurgical evaluation. This study applied the concept of a high-frequency systematic monitoring of psychological states and tested patients' compliance in order to evaluate if its integration in the EMU is feasible and if patients benefit from the graphically underpinned discussion of their EMU stay-related cognitions and emotions...
September 10, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Ahmed R Laving, Syeda Ra'ana Hussain, Daisy O Atieno
Globally, obesity is considered an epidemic due to an increase in its prevalence and severity especially among young children and adolescents. This nutritional disorder is not limited to affluent countries as it is becoming increasingly prevalent in developing countries. Obesity is associated not only with cardiovascular, endocrine, gastrointestinal, orthopedic, and respiratory diseases, but also with psychological complications, implying a problem of far-reaching consequences for health and health services...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Sarah K G Jensen, Anne E Berens, Charles A Nelson
The developmental sequelae of childhood poverty are well documented. However, it is not poverty per se, but a multitude of risk factors associated with poverty that have a deleterious effect on children's development. Key risks factors that are likely to contribute to the adverse developmental effects of poverty include, for instance, food insecurity, infectious disease, and psychological stress related to the child's rearing environment. In this Review, we highlight synergistic biological pathways through which co-occurring risks related to poverty interact to shape children's neurocognitive development...
November 2017: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Blanca Jimeno, Michaela Hau, Simon Verhulst
Variation in glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) is often interpreted as reflecting 'stress', but this interpretation is subject of intense debate. GCs induce gluconeogenesis, and we hypothesized therefore that GC variation can be explained by changes in current and anticipated metabolic rate (MR). Alternatively, GC levels may respond to psychological 'stress' over and above its effect on metabolic rate. We tested these hypotheses in captive zebra finches, by inducing an increase in MR using a psychological stressor (noise), and compared its effect on corticosterone (CORT, the primary avian GC) with the effect induced by a decrease in ambient temperature increasing MR to a similar extent...
August 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Vincent Bremer, Dennis Becker, Spyros Kolovos, Burkhardt Funk, Ward van Breda, Mark Hoogendoorn, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Different treatment alternatives exist for psychological disorders. Both clinical and cost effectiveness of treatment are crucial aspects for policy makers, therapists, and patients and thus play major roles for healthcare decision-making. At the start of an intervention, it is often not clear which specific individuals benefit most from a particular intervention alternative or how costs will be distributed on an individual patient level. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at predicting the individual outcome and costs for patients before the start of an internet-based intervention...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Álfheiður Ástvaldsdóttir, Anne-Marie Boström, Thomas Davidson, Pia Gabre, Lars Gahnberg, Gunilla Sandborgh Englund, Pia Skott, Katri Ståhlnacke, Sofia Tranaeus, Hanna Wilhelmsson, Inger Wårdh, Pernilla Östlund, Mikael Nilsson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the current knowledge on oral health status and dental care of older persons through a systematic mapping of systematic reviews of low or moderate risk of bias. BACKGROUND: Geriatric dentistry covers all aspects of oral health and oral care of older persons. Oral health is part of general health and contributes to a person's physical, psychological and social wellbeing. METHODS: A literature search was performed in three different databases (PubMed, The Cochrane Library and Cinahl) within 12 domains: Dental caries, periodontitis, Orofacial pain and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, mucosal lesions, oral motor function, dry mouth, halitosis, interaction between oral status and other medical conditions, ability to interrelate and communicate, quality of life, ethics and organisation of dental care for older persons...
August 20, 2018: Gerodontology
Han Eol Lee, Seung Hyun Lee, Minju Jeong, Jung Ho Shin, Yuri Ahn, Daesoo Kim, Sang Ho Oh, Seok Hyun Yun, Keon Jae Lee
Alopecia is considered an aesthetic, psychological, and social issue among modern people. Although laser-induced skin stimulation is utilized for depilation treatment, such treatment has significant drawbacks of high energy consumption, huge equipment size, and limited usage in daily life. Here, we present a wearable photostimulator for hair-growth applications using high-performance flexible red vertical light-emitting diodes (f-VLEDs). Flexible microscale LEDs were effectively fabricated by a simple monolithic fabrication process, resulting in high light output (∼30 mW mm-2 ), low forward voltage (∼2...
August 22, 2018: ACS Nano
Derek W Johnston, Julia L Allan, Daniel J H Powell, Martyn C Jones, Barbara Farquharson, Cheryl Bell, Marie Johnston
Background: One of the striking regularities of human behavior is that a prolonged physical, cognitive, or emotional activity leads to feelings of fatigue. Fatigue could be due to (1) depletion of a finite resource of physical and/or psychological energy or (2) changes in motivation, attention, and goal-directed effort (e.g. motivational control theory). Purpose: To contrast predictions from these two views in a real-time study of subjective fatigue in nurses while working...
August 16, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Carla M Patist, Nicolas J C Stapelberg, Eugene F Du Toit, John P Headrick
Major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity are dominant and inter-related health burdens. Obesity is a risk factor for MDD, and there is evidence MDD increases risk of obesity. However, description of a bidirectional relationship between obesity and MDD is misleading, as closer examination reveals distinct unidirectional relationships in MDD subtypes. MDD is frequently associated with weight loss, although obesity promotes MDD. In contrast, MDD with atypical features (MDD-AF) is characterised by subsequent weight gain and obesity...
August 15, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Haruka Takei, Mie Shiraishi, Masayo Matsuzaki, Megumi Haruna
INTRODUCTION: Vegetable intake (VI) is important for both fetal and maternal health. However, VI is insufficient among many pregnant Japanese women. This study aimed to identify the factors related to VI during pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014, at a university hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Dietary intake was assessed using a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Demographic, physical, and psychological characteristics, dietary habits, and health-related behaviors were investigated using another questionnaire...
August 10, 2018: Appetite
Shuang Li, Yang Chen
Psychological contract breach (PCB) may trigger negative attitudes in employees and ultimately cause further negative behaviors. By drawing on social exchange theory, this study aims to explore the link between PCB and counterproductive work behavior (CWB) by focusing on the mediating role of organizational cynicism and work alienation. We administered a cross-sectional survey of 484 energy company front-line employees. The conceptual model was examined via structural equation modeling. The results suggested that organizational cynicism and work alienation sequentially mediated the relationship between PCB and CWB...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Lars Tummers, Bram Steijn, Barbara Nevicka, Madelon Heerema
Vitality refers to the experience of having energy available to one's self. Vital employees are full of positive energy when they work, and feel mentally and physically strong. Such employees often show higher job performance and lower stress than their less vital colleagues. Despite the importance of vitality, few public administration studies have studied vitality. More generally, by focusing on vitality, we aim to bring a "positive psychology" perspective into the domain of public administration...
September 2018: Review of Public Personnel Administration
Alasdair MacSween, Susan Lorrimer, Paul van Schaik, Marie Holmes, Anna van Wersch
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and social constructions of Thai massage (TM) and Swedish massage (SM) for patients experiencing fatigue or depleted energy. METHOD: Twenty participants were randomised to receive three once-weekly TM treatments and three once-weekly SM treatments, with crossover after three massages. Symptom checklists were administered at three time points and included Activation-Deactivation Adjective Check List and VAS Scale...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Anna Lucia Gallo, Mauro Pollini, Federica Paladini
Chronic wounds and related infections cause physical and psychological distress in patients, increased mortality, disability and high health care costs. The healing process can be delayed by several factors and in particular by the risk of infections, which can be further complicated by the increasing number of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms. New approaches in wounds management have been encouraged, aiming at preventing infections and improving wound healing. In this scenario, silver has emerged as an ideal antimicrobial agent due to its recognized efficacy against bacteria, viruses and fungi...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Maryam Abshirini, Fereydoun Siassi, Fariba Koohdani, Mostafa Qorbani, Shahla Khosravi, Mehdi Hedayati, Zahra Aslani, Mahshid Soleymani, Gity Sotoudeh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) and menopausal symptoms (MS) in postmenopausal middle-aged women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 400 postmenopausal women who referred to municipality health houses and health centers in south Tehran, Iran. Sociodemographic data and anthropometric measures such as body weight, height, and waist circumference were determined. Dietary intake was assessed using a 147-item validated food frequency questionnaire...
June 7, 2018: Nutrition
Ann E Caldwell, R Drew Sayer
Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is consistently related to higher obesity risk, especially in women living in developed countries such as the United States and Western Europe. Prevailing theories to describe this relationship have focused primarily on proximate level factors such as the generally poorer food environment (e.g. relative lack of healthy food options and higher concentrations of fast food restaurants) found in lower vs. higher SES neighborhoods and the higher financial costs associated with purchasing healthy, nutrient-dense foods compared to unhealthy, energy-dense foods...
August 3, 2018: Appetite
Matty D A Karsten, Anne M van Oers, Henk Groen, Meike A Q Mutsaerts, Mireille N M van Poppel, Anouk Geelen, Cornelieke van de Beek, Rebecca C Painter, Ben W J Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Annemieke Hoek
PURPOSE: To identify demographic, (bio)physical, behavioral, and psychological determinants of successful lifestyle change and program completion by performing a secondary analysis of the intervention arm of a randomized-controlled trial, investigating a preconception lifestyle intervention. METHODS: The 6-month lifestyle intervention consisted of dietary counseling, physical activity, and behavioral modification, and was aimed at 5-10% weight loss. We operationalized successful lifestyle change as successful weight loss (≥ 5% weight/BMI ≤ 29 kg/m2 ), weight loss in kilograms, a reduction in energy intake, and an increase in physical activity during the intervention program...
August 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Satoshi Nakano, Ayu Washizu
In Japan's Long-term Energy Supply and Demand Outlook, promotion of energy-efficient homes (EEHs) is essential. For most people, however, energy efficiency is not a primary motivating factor when selecting a home. People cannot be satisfied with their own homes just as the home is energy efficient. For EEH promotion policies, it is important to identify factors that affect people's choice of homes and factors that affect their satisfaction with living in their homes. In addition to searching for such factors, constructing a model that explains the process through which people choose homes and are satisfied with living in their homes contributes to the implementation of EEH promotion policies...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Reza Zarezadeh, Amir Mehdizadeh, Jo L M R Leroy, Mohammad Nouri, Shabnam Fayezi, Masoud Darabi
Infertility is a growing problem worldwide. Currently, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is widely performed to treat infertility. However, a high percentage of IVF cycles fails, due to the poor developmental potential of the retrieved oocyte to generate viable embryos. Fatty acid content of the follicular microenvironment can affect oocyte maturation and the subsequent developmental competence. Saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids are mainly used by follicle components as primary energy sources whereas polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play a wide range of roles...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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