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Energy psychology

Arum Park, Hyejung Chang, Kyoung Jun Lee
Objectives: This paper describes an experience of implementing seamless service trials online and offline by adopting Internet of Things (IoT) technology based on near-field communication (NFC) tags and Bluetooth low-energy (BLE) beacons. The services were provided for both patients and health professionals. Methods: The pilot services were implemented to enhance healthcare service quality, improve patient safety, and provide an effective business process to health professionals in a tertiary hospital in Seoul, Korea...
October 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
Noel E Brick, Ben L Fitzpatrick, Robin Turkington, John C Mallett
PURPOSE: Models of self-paced endurance performance suggest that accurate knowledge of the exercise end-point influences pace-related decision-making. No studies have examined the effects of anticipated task difficulty during equidistant endurance activities. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of anticipated task difficulty on pacing, psychological, and physiological responses during running time-trials. METHODS: Twenty-eight trained runners completed three self-paced 3000 m time-trials...
November 14, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Beatriz T Meneguetti, Marlon H Cardoso, Camila F Acosta Ribeiro, Mário R Felício, Ingrid B Pinto, Nuno C Santos, Cristiano Marcelo E Carvalho, Octávio L Franco
Obesity is a chronic multifactorial disease, characterized by an excessive accumulation of adipose tissue. It is usually the result of excessive food intake and/or low energy expenditure. Obesity can be triggered by lifestyle, nutritional, genetic, environmental, hormonal and psychological factors. Several strategies are used to treat obesity, including dietary reeducation, with balanced food intake, increased physical exercise, in order to promote energy expenditure and to overcome the insufficiency in weight reduction by other strategies, and the administration of drugs to treat obesity...
November 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
B Febrero, P Ramírez, L Martínez-Alarcón, C Abete, M Galera, A Ríos, R Robles-Martínez, P M Ramírez-Pino, J Almela, G Ramis, J A Pons, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: The patients on the liver transplant (LT) waiting list usually present with deterioration in their quality of life. Previous studies on psychological intervention have shown how the quality of life can be improved. OBJECTIVE: To analyze preliminary results of the influence of group psychotherapy on the quality of life of patients on the LT waiting list. METHOD: Fifteen patients on the LT waiting list who accepted receiving group psychotherapy were selected...
November 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Tracy A Smith, Jane M Ingham, Christine R Jenkins
INTRODUCTION: Non-invasive ventilation(NIV) is commonly used to manage acute respiratory failure due to decompensated cardiorespiratory disease. We describe symptom burden in this population. METHODS: Fifty, consecutive, consenting, English speaking, cognitively intact patients, admitted to wards other than the intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary teaching hospital and treated with NIV for hypercapnic respiratory failure, were recruited. The 14-item Condensed Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale was used to assess physical and psychological symptoms within 36 hours of commencing NIV...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Martial Mermillod, Yannick Bourrier, Erwan David, Louise Kauffmann, Alan Chauvin, Nathalie Guyader, Frédéric Dutheil, Carole Peyrin
Different studies have shown the efficiency of a feed-forward neural network in categorizing basic emotional facial expressions. However, recent findings in psychology and cognitive neuroscience suggest that visual recognition is not a pure bottom-up process but likely involves top-down recurrent connectivity. In the present computational study, we compared the performances of a pure bottom-up neural network (a standard multi-layer perceptron, MLP) with a neural network involving recurrent top-down connections (a simple recurrent network, SRN) in the anticipation of emotional expressions...
October 9, 2018: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
Linjing Deng, Qihong Deng
Humans have a close relationship with nature, and so integrating the nature world into indoor space could effectively increase people's engagement with nature, and this in turn may benefit their health and comfort. Since people spend 80-90% of their time indoors, the indoor environment is very important for their health. Indoor plants are part of natural indoor environment, but their effect on the indoor environment and on humans has not been quantified. This review provides a comprehensive summary of the role and importance of indoor plants in human health and comfort according to the following four criteria: photosynthesis; transpiration; psychological effects; and purification...
November 1, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Andrew J Kremyar, Tayla T C Lee, William Ajayi, Lesley A Friedhoff, John R Graham
Previous empirical studies have established that poor mental and physical health often cooccur. However, positive health behaviors and outcomes have been demonstrated to buffer against psychological dysfunction. Thus, the ability to assess for positive health behaviors and outcomes with instruments commonly used in practice, such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), is important. However, no study has examined the ability of MMPI-2-RF somatic scale scores to predict positive health behaviors among a healthy population...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Jane Ann Sedgwick, Andrew Merwood, Philip Asherson
The behavioural characteristics of ADHD do not exist in binary form (i.e. normal vs. abnormal); instead, they exist on a spectrum or continuum. This implies that some aspects of ADHD can be adaptive rather than impairing, or some adults may possess certain strengths or attributes that mediate and/or compensate for their ADHD-related deficits or impairments. More research is needed to clarify these observations. To explore and describe positive aspects of ADHD from the perspective of successful adults with ADHD...
October 29, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Jessica Tran The, Pierre Magistretti, François Ansermet
This article aims to clarify the epistemological foundations of the Freudian energetics model, starting with a historical review of the 19th century scientific context in which Freud's research lay down its roots. Beyond the physiological and anatomical references of Project for a Scientific Psychology (Freud, 1895a), the physiology Freud makes reference to is in reality primarily anchored in an epistemological model derived from physics. Whilst across the Rhine, the autonomy of physiology in relation to physics was far from being accomplished, as a counterpoint, in France, the revolution in physiology driven by Claude Bernard established itself autonomously from physics,...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Filippo Dolci, Nicolas H Hart, Andrew Kilding, Paola Chivers, Ben Piggott, Tania Spiteri
Soccer is an intermittent team-sport, where performance is determined by a myriad of psychological, technical, tactical, and physical factors. Among the physical factors, endurance appears to play a key role into counteracting the fatigue-related reduction in running performance observed during soccer matches. One physiological determinant of endurance is movement economy, which represents the aerobic energy cost to exercise at a given submaximal velocity. While the role of movement economy has been extensively examined in endurance athletes, it has received little attention in soccer players, but may be an important factor, given the prolonged demands of match play...
October 23, 2018: Sports
Therese Hornstrup, Johan M Wikman, Bjørn Fristrup, Susana Póvoas, Eva W Helge, Signe H Nielsen, Jørn W Helge, Jesper L Andersen, Lars Nybo, Peter Krustrup
Purpose: The present study evaluated the effects of regular participation in small-sided team handball training on body composition, osteogenic response, physical performance, and cardiovascular risk factors, as well as well-being and motivation, in young untrained women. Methods: Twenty-eight untrained 20- to 30-year-old women were randomized to a handball training group (HG; n  = 14, height 170 ± 5 cm, weight 73 ± 11 kg, VO2peak 37.7 ± 4...
April 2018: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Richard Kovács, Zoltan Gerevich, Alon Friedman, Jakub Otáhal, Ofer Prager, Siegrun Gabriel, Nikolaus Berndt
Epilepsy is characterized by the regular occurrence of seizures, which follow a stereotypical sequence of alterations in the electroencephalogram. Seizures are typically a self limiting phenomenon, concluding finally in the cessation of hypersynchronous activity and followed by a state of decreased neuronal excitability which might underlie the cognitive and psychological symptoms the patients experience in the wake of seizures. Many efforts have been devoted to understand how seizures spontaneously stop in hope to exploit this knowledge in anticonvulsant or neuroprotective therapies...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Sung-Hoon Kim, Meiling Liu, Hyun Seok Jin, Sunmin Park
BACKGROUND: We explored the genetic variants that were associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by genome-wide association study (GWAS) and evaluated the association of genetic risk scores (GRS) of the selected genetic variants with insulin resistance and the interaction of the GRS with nutrient intake to develop insulin resistance. METHODS: The 6 genetic variants involved in brain and nervous system (acid sensing ion channel subunit 2 rs8071961, rs1988598, and rs16589, macro domain containing 2 rs7262810 CHRM3 rs1867265 and chromosome 2 open reading frame 83 rs11889798) were selected from a GWAS of the PCOS study...
October 19, 2018: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Mélanie Racine, Mark P Jensen, Manfred Harth, Patricia Morley-Forster, Warren R Nielson
This study's aim was to assess the efficacy of two forms of activity pacing in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Treatment-related changes in activity management patterns were also examined. Patients with FMS (N = 178) were randomly assigned to an operant learning (OL; delayed [N = 36] or immediate [N = 54] groups) or an energy conservation (EC; delayed [N = 35] or immediate [N = 53] groups) treatment condition. Of these, 32 OL and 37 EC patients completed treatment. Forty-three patients were allocated to the delayed treatment condition (Control group)...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
R D M Varkevisser, M M van Stralen, W Kroeze, J C F Ket, I H M Steenhuis
BACKGROUND: Discerning the determinants of weight loss maintenance is important in the planning of future interventions and policies regarding overweight and obesity. We have therefore systematically synthesized recent literature on determinants of weight loss maintenance for individuals with overweight and obesity. METHODS: With the use of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement, prospective studies were identified from searches in PubMed and PsycINFO from 2006 to 2016...
October 16, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Rachel Campbell, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Liesbeth Delesie, Els Tobback, An Mariman, Dirk Vogelaers, Athanasios Mouratidis
OBJECTIVE: Previous findings indicate that patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) report significant day-to-day fluctuations in subjective energy and sleep. Herein, we examined whether daily variation in the satisfaction and frustration of the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness would contribute to daily variation in subjective energy and quality and quantity of sleep. In addition, we examined whether daily variation in sleep would contribute to daily need-based experiences through (i...
October 15, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Agnete E Kristoffersen, Trine Stub, Olav Knudsen-Baas, Anne Helseth Udal, Frauke Musial
INTRODUCTION: Healing is reported to be used by 16.8% of the population, however utilization may be considerably higher in selected patient groups. The aim of this study was to map the symptoms the participants reported when visiting a healer for the first time, and to evaluate the subjectively experienced benefits and risks from the healing sessions. METHOD: Data were obtained from the Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile (MYMOP) questionnaire. One-hundred adults who, for the first time, referred themselves to a healer in southern Norway between January 2016 and January 2017 were included in the study...
August 22, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
M D Ulian, L Aburad, M S da Silva Oliveira, A C M Poppe, F Sabatini, I Perez, B Gualano, F B Benatti, A J Pinto, O J Roble, A Vessoni, P de Morais Sato, R F Unsain, F Baeza Scagliusi
CONTEXT: The growing use of interventions based on the Health at Every Size® (HAES®) in obesity management. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to summarize the health-related effects of HAES®-based interventions on people with overweight and obesity. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Google Scholar, OpenGrey and Grey Literature Report. STUDY SELECTION: A systematic review of studies published until January 2017 reporting on HAES®-based randomized and non-randomized controlled trials in people with overweight and/or obesity...
September 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Paula Suarez-Bregua, Pedro Miguel Guerreiro, Josep Rotllant
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are the final effector products of a neuroendocrine HPA/HPI axis governing energy balance and stress response in vertebrates. From a physiological point of view, basal GC levels are essential for intermediary metabolism and participate in the development and homeostasis of a wide range of body tissues, including the skeleton. Numerous mammalian studies have demonstrated that GC hormones exert a positive role during bone modeling and remodeling as they promote osteoblastogenesis to maintain the bone architecture...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
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