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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959452/predicting-early-transition-from-sub-syndromal-presentations-to-major-mental-disorders
#1
Shane P M Cross, Jan Scott, Ian B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Transition from at-risk state to full syndromal mental disorders is underexplored for unipolar and bipolar disorders compared with psychosis. AIMS: Prospective, trans-diagnostic study of rates and predictors of early transition from sub-threshold to full syndromal mental disorder. METHOD: One-year outcome of 243 consenting youth aged 15-25 years with a sub-syndromal presentation of a potentially severe mental disorder. Survival analysis and odds ratio (OR) for predictors of transition identified from baseline clinical and demographic ratings...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951382/comparison-of-self-reported-telephone-interviewing-and-web-based-survey-responses-findings-from-the-second-australian-young-and-well-national-survey
#2
Alyssa C Milton, Louise A Ellis, Tracey A Davenport, Jane M Burns, Ian B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Web-based self-report surveying has increased in popularity, as it can rapidly yield large samples at a low cost. Despite this increase in popularity, in the area of youth mental health, there is a distinct lack of research comparing the results of Web-based self-report surveys with the more traditional and widely accepted computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). OBJECTIVE: The Second Australian Young and Well National Survey 2014 sought to compare differences in respondent response patterns using matched items on CATI versus a Web-based self-report survey...
September 26, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874224/adolescent-mental-health-and-behavioural-predictors-of-being-neet-a-prospective-study-of-young-adults-not-in-employment-education-or-training
#3
L Rodwell, H Romaniuk, W Nilsen, J B Carlin, K J Lee, G C Patton
BACKGROUND: Young adults who are not in employment, education, or training (NEET) are at risk of long-term economic disadvantage and social exclusion. Knowledge about risk factors for being NEET largely comes from cross-sectional studies of vulnerable individuals. Using data collected over a 10-year period, we examined adolescent predictors of being NEET in young adulthood. METHODS: We used data on 1938 participants from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study, a community-based longitudinal study of adolescents in Victoria, Australia...
September 6, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528425/neet-adolescents-grown-up-eight-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-education-employment-and-mental-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-mexico-city
#4
Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, Enrique Méndez Ríos, María Elena Medina-Mora
The purpose is to examine the socio-demographic and mental health outcomes in early adulthood of those who as adolescents were not in education, employment or training, termed NEET, compared to their counterparts who studied, worked, or both. One thousand and seventy-one youth residing in Mexico City participated in a representative, prospective, longitudinal 8-year two-Wave cohort study. At Wave I the participants were aged 12-17 and at Wave II aged 19 and 26. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed psychiatric disorders, substance use and abuse, suicidal behavior, interpersonal relationships, employment and education...
May 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433462/-health-and-access-to-health-care-of-18-25%C3%A2-years-old-people-not-in-employment-education-or-training-neets-attending-the-french-missions-locales
#5
S Robert, S Lesieur, J Chastang, V Kergoat, J Dutertre, P Chauvin
BACKGROUND: In France, "missions locales" are public assistance units for young people aged 16-25 years not in employment, education or training (NEET). The health status of the more than 1.5 million young adults attending these units annually is unknown. The purpose of this study was to describe the health status and health care use of this population in comparison with the general population of the same age. METHODS: The Presaje survey was conducted in 2011 on a randomized sample of 1453 young adults aged 18-25 years who attended five "missions locales" in mainland France...
August 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426722/interactions-between-mitoneet-and-naf-1-in-cells
#6
Ola Karmi, Sarah H Holt, Luhua Song, Sagi Tamir, Yuting Luo, Fang Bai, Ammar Adenwalla, Merav Darash-Yahana, Yang-Sung Sohn, Patricia A Jennings, Rajeev K Azad, Jose' N Onuchic, Faruck Morcos, Rachel Nechushtai, Ron Mittler
The NEET proteins mitoNEET (mNT) and nutrient-deprivation autophagy factor-1 (NAF-1) are required for cancer cell proliferation and resistance to oxidative stress. NAF-1 and mNT are also implicated in a number of other human pathologies including diabetes, neurodegeneration and cardiovascular disease, as well as in development, differentiation and aging. Previous studies suggested that mNT and NAF-1 could function in the same pathway in mammalian cells, preventing the over-accumulation of iron and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mitochondria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425481/differences-in-salicylic-acid-glucose-conjugations-by-ugt74f1-and-ugt74f2-from-arabidopsis-thaliana
#7
Alayna M George Thompson, Cristina V Iancu, Kenneth E Neet, John V Dean, Jun-Yong Choe
Salicylic acid (SA) is a signaling molecule utilized by plants in response to various stresses. Through conjugation with small organic molecules such as glucose, an inactive form of SA is generated which can be transported into and stored in plant vacuoles. In the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana, SA glucose conjugates are formed by two homologous enzymes (UGT74F1 and UGT74F2) that transfer glucose from UDP-glucose to SA. Despite being 77% identical and with conserved active site residues, these enzymes catalyze the formation of different products: UGT74F1 forms salicylic acid glucoside (SAG), while UGT74F2 forms primarily salicylic acid glucose ester (SGE)...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393749/a-transdiagnostic-study-of-education-employment-and-training-outcomes-in-young-people-with-mental-illness
#8
R S C Lee, D F Hermens, J Scott, B O'Dea, N Glozier, E M Scott, I B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Optimizing functional recovery in young individuals with severe mental illness constitutes a major healthcare priority. The current study sought to quantify the cognitive and clinical factors underpinning academic and vocational engagement in a transdiagnostic and prospective youth mental health cohort. The primary outcome measure was 'not in education, employment or training' ('NEET') status. METHOD: A clinical sample of psychiatric out-patients aged 15-25 years (n = 163) was assessed at two time points, on average, 24 months apart...
April 10, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253843/cancer-related-health-behaviours-of-young-people-not-in-education-employment-or-training-neet-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Catherine H Stewart, Philip Berry, Dunja Przulj, Charlene Treanor
BACKGROUND: Links between participating in unhealthy behaviours, e.g. smoking, and an increased risk of developing some cancers are well established. Unemployed adults are more likely to participate in cancer-related health behaviours than their employed counterparts. However, evidence of whether this is true in young adults not in education, employment or training (NEET) compared to their 'non-NEET' peers is either limited or inconclusive. Using cross-sectional health data from across the UK, this study aims to investigate whether participation in cancer-related health behaviours varies by NEET status...
March 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205535/phylogenetic-analysis-of-eukaryotic-neet-proteins-uncovers-a-link-between-a-key-gene-duplication-event-and-the-evolution-of-vertebrates
#10
Madhuri A Inupakutika, Soham Sengupta, Rachel Nechushtai, Patricia A Jennings, Jose' N Onuchic, Rajeev K Azad, Pamela Padilla, Ron Mittler
NEET proteins belong to a unique family of iron-sulfur proteins in which the 2Fe-2S cluster is coordinated by a CDGSH domain that is followed by the "NEET" motif. They are involved in the regulation of iron and reactive oxygen metabolism, and have been associated with the progression of diabetes, cancer, aging and neurodegenerative diseases. Despite their important biological functions, the evolution and diversification of eukaryotic NEET proteins are largely unknown. Here we used the three members of the human NEET protein family (CISD1, mitoNEET; CISD2, NAF-1 or Miner 1; and CISD3, Miner2) as our guides to conduct a phylogenetic analysis of eukaryotic NEET proteins and their evolution...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195537/-exit-exams-for-medical-graduates-a-guarantee-of-quality
#11
Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Janmejaya Samal
Despite a great deal of opposition from many segments of the medical community, the Medical Council of India (MCI) has proposed to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India that a pan-India exit examination be introduced for graduating MBBS doctors. Whether the proposal should be put forward was considered twice, once in 2010 and again in 2013, and finally the plan was ready to be taken forward seriously in 2015. The proposal has elicited appreciation and criticism from different segments of the medical community...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175944/erratum-to-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-depression-course-functional-disability-and-neet-status-in-help-seeking-young-adults
#12
Bridianne O'Dea, Rico S C Lee, Patrick D McGorry, Ian B Hickie, Jan Scott, Daniel F Hermens, Arnstein Mykletun, Rosemary Purcell, Eoin Killackey, Christos Pantelis, G Paul Amminger, Nicholas Glozier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122584/are-we-failing-young-people-not-in-employment-education-or-training-neets-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-re-engagement-interventions
#13
Lauren Mawn, Emily J Oliver, Nasima Akhter, Clare L Bambra, Carole Torgerson, Chris Bridle, Helen J Stain
BACKGROUND: Youth comprise 40% of the world's unemployed, a status associated with adverse wellbeing and social, health, and economic costs. This systematic review and meta-analysis review synthesises the literature on the effectiveness of interventions targeting young people not in employment, education, or training (NEET). METHODS: Randomised and quasi-randomised trials with a concurrent or counterfactual control group and baseline equivalence are included. Cochrane collaboration tools are used to assess quality, and a narrative synthesis was undertaken...
January 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994115/child-maltreatment-and-adult-living-standards-at-50-years
#14
Snehal M Pinto Pereira, Leah Li, Chris Power
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment (abuse and neglect) has established effects on mental health. Less is known about its influence on adult economic circumstances. We aimed to establish associations of child maltreatment with such outcomes and explore potential pathways. METHODS: We used 1958 British birth cohort data (N = 8076) to examine associations of child neglect and abuse with adult (50 years) long-term sickness absence, not in employment, education or training (NEET), lacking assets, income-related support, poor qualifications, financial insecurity, manual social class, and social mobility...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808067/re-entry-neet-national-eligibility-cum-entrance-test-opportunity-and-concerns
#15
Avinash Supe, Tejinder Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793548/gender-inequality-and-violence-against-women-in-spain-2006-2014-towards-a-civilized-society
#16
Erika M Redding, María Teresa Ruiz-Cantero, José Fernández-Sáez, Marta Guijarro-Garvi
OBJECTIVE: Considering both the economic crisis of 2008 and the Gender Equality Law (2007), this study analyses the association between gender inequality in Spanish Autonomous Communities (AC) and intimate partner violence (IPV) from 2006 to 2014 in terms of socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Ecological study in the 17 Spanish AC on the correlation between the reported cases by IPV and deaths and the Gender Inequality Index and its dimensions: empowerment, participation in the labour market and adolescent birth rates; and their correlation with Young People Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEET)...
October 26, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734591/the-relapse-rate-and-predictors-of-relapse-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis-following-discontinuation-of-antipsychotic-medication
#17
Suzanne Di Capite, Rachel Upthegrove, Pavan Mallikarjun
BACKGROUND: To determine the "real world" relapse rate in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) who had discontinued antipsychotic medication and identify socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with the risk of relapse. METHODS: Quantitative data were obtained via case-note review on 63 patients with FEP who had discontinued antipsychotic medication from Birmingham Early Intervention Service between 2012 and 2015. The follow-up period was until either: an occurrence of a relapse; end of 12-month study period; end of patient's case-note record...
October 13, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498112/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-depression-course-functional-disability-and-neet-status-in-help-seeking-young-adults
#18
Bridianne O'Dea, Rico S C Lee, Patrick D McGorry, Ian B Hickie, Jan Scott, Daniel F Hermens, Arnstein Mykeltun, Rosemary Purcell, Eoin Killackey, Christos Pantelis, G Paul Amminger, Nicholas Glozier
PURPOSE: To examine the associations between depression course, functional disability, and Not in Education or Training (NEET) status in a clinical sample of young adults with mental health problems. METHODS: Young adults aged 15-25 years seeking help from four primary mental health services were invited to participate in a prospective cohort study evaluating the course of psychiatric disorders in youth. Demographic and clinical characteristics, including depressive symptomatology and functioning, were evaluated through clinical interview and self-report at baseline and 12 month follow-up...
October 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488542/neet-india-s-single-exam-for-admission-to-medical-school-promises-transparency-and-quality
#19
Avinash Supe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247659/young-italian-neets-not-in-employment-education-or-training-and-the-influence-of-their-family-background
#20
Sara Alfieri, Emiliano Sironi, Elena Marta, Alessandro Rosina, Daniela Marzana
This work investigates the relationship between family variables (parents' educational level, relationship quality, intrusiveness, support, and autonomy) and young Italians' status as NEETs (Not in Employment, Education, or Training). We used data from a representative sample of 9,087 young Italians. Each participant filled out an anonymous online questionnaire that contained several scales to measure the variables mentioned above. The results reveal that parents' educational level and support have a protective effect on the risk of becoming a NEET for both genders...
May 2015: Europe's Journal of Psychology
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