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dementia AND communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240549/interpreter-mediated-cognitive-assessments-who-wins-and-who-loses
#1
Betty Haralambous, Jean Tinney, Dina LoGiudice, Sook Meng Lee, Xiaoping Lin
OBJECTIVES: The number of people with dementia from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds is increasing dramatically in Australia. Accurate cognitive assessments of people from CALD backgrounds can be achieved with the use of skilled interpreters. This study aimed to explore the experience of interpreter-mediated assessments from the perspectives of clinicians, interpreters and carers. METHODS: Consultations with interpreters, clinicians and carers were conducted through individual interviews and focus groups...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235393/needs-of-people-with-advanced-dementia-in-their-final-phase-of-life-a-multi-perspective-qualitative-study-in-nursing-homes
#2
Holger Schmidt, Yvonne Eisenmann, Heidrun Golla, Raymond Voltz, Klaus Maria Perrar
BACKGROUND: People with advanced dementia present an important target group for palliative care. They suffer a range of symptoms, and their verbal communication abilities are highly restricted. At present, little is known about their needs in the final phase of life. AIM: To identify the needs of people with advanced dementia in their final phase of life and to explore the aspects relevant to first recognize and then meet these needs. DESIGN: Multi-perspective qualitative study using grounded theory methodology conducting group discussions, individual interviews, and participant observation...
December 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226458/communicating-risk-in-dementia-care-survey-of-health-and-social-care-professionals
#3
Brian J Taylor, Mabel Stevenson, Michelle McDowell
Supporting people to live at home in line with community care policies requires increasing attention to assessing, communicating and managing risks. There is a challenge in supporting client choices that include risk-taking while demonstrating professional accountability. Risk communication becomes increasingly important with the need to engage clients and families in meaningful shared decision-making. This presents particular challenges in dementia services. This survey of risk communication in dementia care was administered to all health and social care professionals in community dementia services in Northern Ireland: June-September 2016...
December 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223192/training-needs-for-dementia-care-in-china-from-the-perspectives-of-mental-health-providers-who-what-and-how
#4
Ling Xu, Hsin-Yi Hsiao, Wenchen Denq, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Acknowledging increasing demand of dementia care for patients in China, this paper aims to understand the training needs of dementia care from the perspectives of mental health providers by examining who should be the trainees, what should be the contents of training, and how to deliver the training in China. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, data were gathered via four focus group discussions with 40 mental health providers in Beijing, China, in 2011...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222544/association-of-age-related-hearing-loss-with-cognitive-function-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
David G Loughrey, Michelle E Kelly, George A Kelley, Sabina Brennan, Brian A Lawlor
Importance: Epidemiologic research on the possible link between age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and cognitive decline and dementia has produced inconsistent results. Clarifying this association is of interest because ARHL may be a risk factor for outcomes of clinical dementia. Objectives: To examine and estimate the association between ARHL and cognitive function, cognitive impairment, and dementia through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Data Sources and Study Selection: A search of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and SCOPUS from inception to April 15, 2016, with cross-referencing of retrieved studies and personal files for potentially eligible studies was performed...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218401/using-multimedia-information-and-communication-technology-ict-to-provide-added-value-to-reminiscence-therapy-for-people-with-dementia-lessons-learned-from-three-field-studies
#6
REVIEW
Alexander Bejan, Ramazan Gündogdu, Katherina Butz, Nadine Müller, Christophe Kunze, Peter König
BACKGROUND: In the care of people with dementia (PwD), occupational therapies and activities aiming at maintaining the quality of life of PwD, such as reminiscence therapy (RT), are taking on a more and more important role. Information and communication technology (ICT) has the potential to improve and to facilitate RT by facilitating access to and selection of biographical information and related contents or by providing novel multimodal interaction forms to trigger memories; however, interactive multimedia technology is barely used in practice...
December 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217285/outcomes-and-palliative-care-utilization-in-patients-with-dementia-and-acute-abdominal-emergency-opportunities-for-surgical-quality-improvement
#7
Ana Berlin, Franchesca Hwang, Ranbir Singh, Sri Ram Pentakota, Roshansa Singh, Brad Chernock, Anne C Mosenthal
BACKGROUND: When patients with dementia develop acute surgical abdomen, patients, surrogates, and surgeons need accurate prognostic information to facilitate goal-concordant decision making. Palliative care can assist with communication, symptom management, and family and caregiver support in this population. We aimed to characterize outcomes and patterns of palliative care utilization among patients with dementia, presenting with abdominal surgical emergency. METHOD: We retrospectively queried the National Inpatient Sample for patients aged >50 years with dementia and acute abdominal emergency who were admitted nonelectively 2009-2013, utilizing ICD-9-CM codes for dementia and surgical indication...
December 4, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216836/key-stakeholders-experiences-of-respite-services-for-people-with-dementia-and-their-perspectives-on-respite-service-development-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#8
Emma O' Shea, Suzanne Timmons, Eamon O' Shea, Siobhan Fox, Kate Irving
BACKGROUND: Respite services provide a break in the caregiving relationship for people with dementia and their carers, however they are often under-used and service acceptability can be low. This study aims to understand key stakeholders' experiences of respite services for people with dementia, with a view to informing respite service development. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of the Pubmed/MedLine, Embase, Cinahl, PsychInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases (1980-2016, English) with fixed search terms relating to 'respite' and 'dementia', following PRISMA guidelines...
December 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216743/a-systematic-scoping-review-and-synthesis-of-dementia-and-communication-theory
#9
Liam Ennis, Warren Mansell, Sara Tai, Phil McEvoy
Aim This review considers the theoretical literature concerning communication between a person with dementia and a person without dementia. Methods Theoretical accounts of communication between a person with dementia and a person without dementia were identified through database searches, hand searching of reference lists and contacting experts in the topic area. Results Twenty-one articles were included in the final review, yielding 18 different theoretical accounts of communication in the context of dementia...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214153/alzheimer-s-disease-diagnosis-discrepancy-between-clinical-neuroimaging-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-criteria-in-an-italian-cohort-of-geriatric-outpatients-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#10
Giulia A M Dolci, Sarah Damanti, Valeria Scortichini, Alessandro Galli, Paolo D Rossi, Carlo Abbate, Beatrice Arosio, Daniela Mari, Andrea Arighi, Giorgio G Fumagalli, Elio Scarpini, Silvia Inglese, Maura Marcucci
Background: The role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, and neuroimaging in the diagnostic process of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is not clear, in particular in the older patients. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical diagnosis of AD with CSF biomarkers and with cerebrovascular damage at neuroimaging in a cohort of geriatric patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records of ≥65-year-old patients with cognitive impairment referred to an Italian geriatric outpatient clinic, for whom the CSF concentration of amyloid-β (Aβ), total Tau (Tau), and phosphorylated Tau (p-Tau) was available...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213520/brazilian-transcultural-adaptation-of-an-instrument-on-communicative-strategies-of-caregivers-of-elderly-with-dementia
#11
Lais Lopes Delfino, Ricardo Shoiti Komatsu, Caroline Komatsu, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Meire Cachioni
Communication with patients with dementia may be a difficult task for caregivers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to produce a Brazilian transcultural adaptation of an instrument developed in Canada, called the Small Communication Strategies Scale, composed of 10 items constructed from 10 communicative strategies most recurrent in a literature survey. METHODS: Drawing on understanding of the construction of the Small Communication Strategies Scale (SCSS), a Brazilian Portuguese version of the instrument was devised through the following steps: translation, back-translation and semantic-cultural adaptation by a specialized linguist in English-Portuguese translations and application of the comprehension test for the version produced in a group of caregivers of elderly individuals with dementia...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213519/language-and-communication-non-pharmacological-interventions-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review-communication-intervention-in-alzheimer
#12
Aline Nunes da Cruz Morello, Tatiane Machado Lima, Lenisa Brandão
Alzheimer's disease considerably compromises communication skills. Language changes become more prominent as the disease progresses. Deterioration of language and cognition reduces the ability of holding conversations, which has a negative impact on social interaction. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature for articles reporting interventions focused on the language and communication of people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) without use of medication. METHODS: We performed a search using the keywords Alzheimer's disease, language, communication, cognition, cognitive intervention, rehabilitation and therapy, and their corresponding Portuguese and Spanish terms, on the SciELO, LILACS, PubMed and PsychINFO databases...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212555/study-partners-should-be-required-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease-trials
#13
REVIEW
Joshua D Grill, Jason Karlawish
BACKGROUND: In an effort to intervene earlier in Alzheimer's disease (AD), clinical trials are testing promising candidate therapies in preclinical disease. Preclinical AD trial participants are cognitively normal, functionally independent, and autonomous decision-makers. Yet, like AD dementia trials, preclinical trials require dual enrollment of a participant and a knowledgeable informant, or study partner. MAIN TEXT: The requirement of dyadic enrollment is a barrier to recruitment and may present unique ethical challenges...
December 6, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209803/-ourpuppet-caring-support-with-an-interactive-puppet-for-informal-caregivers-opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-social-and-technical-developmental-process
#14
REVIEW
Andrea Kuhlmann, Verena Reuter, Renate Schramek, Todor Dimitrov, Matthias Görnig, Eva-Maria Matip, Olaf Matthies, Edwin Naroska
BACKGROUND: The "OurPuppet" project comprises a sensor-based, interactive puppet that will be developed to communicate with people in need of care during a short period of absence of the informal caregiver. Specially qualified puppet guides will support the use of the new technical development. They instruct people with dementia and caregivers on how to use the puppet and supervise the (informal) care relationship through discussions on a regular basis. OBJECTIVES: The article shows the specific components of users' needs for which the concrete technical development should find answers...
December 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208076/improving-diagnostic-communication-in-dementia
#15
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Linda C W Lam
In many countries around the world, owing to the lack of specialists and equipment, delay up to a few years in help-seeking and getting diagnostic examinations for dementia is not uncommon (Sayegh and Knight, 2013), and this situation is considerably more serious in "atypical dementias" due to the challenge they present for differential diagnosis. For instance, a survey in the USA showed that misdiagnosis was common in patients with Lewy body dementia who, on average, saw at least three physicians over a year's time or more before getting the proper diagnosis (Lewy Body Dementia Association, 2010)...
December 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202654/sensation-and-psychiatry-linking-age-related-hearing-loss-to-late-life-depression-and-cognitive-decline
#16
Bret R Rutherford, Katharine Brewster, Justin S Golub, Ana H Kim, Steven P Roose
Recent research has linked age-related hearing loss to impaired performance across cognitive domains and increased risk for dementia diagnosis. The data linking hearing impairment to incident late-life depression are more mixed but suggest that diminished hearing does increase risk for depression. Behavioral mechanisms may explain these associations, such as the withdrawal of older adults from situations in which they may have difficulty hearing and communicating, which may contribute to the development of social isolation, loneliness, and consequent cognitive decline and depression...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191183/an-economic-model-of-advance-care-planning-in-australia-a-cost-effective-way-to-respect-patient-choice
#17
Kim-Huong Nguyen, Marcus Sellars, Meera Agar, Sue Kurrle, Adele Kelly, Tracy Comans
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) is a process of planning for future health and personal care. A person's values and preferences are made known so that they can guide decision making at a future time when that person cannot make or communicate his or her decisions. This is particularly relevant for people with dementia because their ability to make decisions progressively deteriorates over time. This study aims to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of delivering a nationwide ACP program within the Australian primary care setting...
December 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189462/communication-strategies-for-patients-with-dementia
#18
Maureen Judd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187416/improving-hearing-and-vision-in-dementia-protocol-for-a-field-trial-of-a-new-intervention
#19
Jemma Regan, Piers Dawes, Annie Pye, Christopher J Armitage, Mark Hann, Ines Himmelsbach, David Reeves, Zoe Simkin, Fan Yang, Iracema Leroi
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life and other key outcomes may be improved by optimising hearing and vision function in people living with dementia. To date, there is limited research assessing the efficacy of interventions aimed at improving hearing and vision in people with dementia. Here, we outline a protocol to field test a newly developed home-based intervention, designed to optimise sensory functioning in people with dementia in three European sites. The results of this study will inform the design and conduct of a full-scale randomised controlled trial (RCT) in five European sites...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183520/the-effect-of-sarcopenia-on-outcomes-in-geriatric-blunt-trauma
#20
Mahdi Malekpour, Kelly Bridgham, Kathryn Jaap, Ryan Erwin, Kenneth Widom, Megan Rapp, Diane Leonard, Susan Baro, James Dove, Marie Hunsinger, Joseph Blansfield, Mohsen Shabahang, Denise Torres, Jeffrey Wild
Elderly patients are at a higher risk of morbidity and mortality after trauma, which is reflected through higher frailty indices. Data collection using existing frailty indices is often not possible because of brain injury, dementia, or inability to communicate with the patient. Sarcopenia is a reliable objective measure for frailty that can be readily assessed in CT imaging. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of sarcopenia on the outcomes of geriatric blunt trauma patients. Left psoas area (LPA) was measured at the level of the third lumbar vertebra on the axial CT images...
November 1, 2017: American Surgeon
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