keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dementia AND communication

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035665/like-an-extended-family-relationships-that-emerge-when-older-caregivers-use-written-messages-to-communicate-in-an-ict-based-healthcare-service
#1
Hilde Solli, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Sigrun Hvalvik, Ragnhild Hellesø
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships that emerge amongst caregivers of persons with dementia and stroke when caregivers use written messages as their communication tool in a closed information and communication technology (ICT)-based support group. METHODS: An explorative design with a qualitative approach was used that applied systematic text condensation (STC) to analyse 173 written messages extracted from a web forum. RESULTS: Empathetic, empowering and familiar relationships emerged amongst peers of older caregivers when the caregivers used written messages as their communication tool...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028937/abnormal-structural-brain-connectome-in-individuals-with-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Joana B Pereira, Danielle van Westen, Erik Stomrud, Tor Olof Strandberg, Giovanni Volpe, Eric Westman, Oskar Hansson
Alzheimer's disease has a long preclinical phase during which amyloid pathology and neurodegeneration accumulate in the brain without producing overt cognitive deficits. It is currently unclear whether these early disease stages are associated with a progressive disruption in the communication between brain regions that subsequently leads to cognitive decline and dementia. In this study we assessed the organization of structural networks in cognitively normal (CN) individuals harboring amyloid pathology (A+N-), neurodegeneration (A-N+), or both (A+N+) from the prospective and longitudinal Swedish BioFINDER study...
October 3, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022655/anosognosia-is-an-independent-predictor-of-conversion-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-alzheimer-s-disease-and-is-associated-with-reduced-brain-metabolism
#3
Philip Gerretsen, Jun Ku Chung, Parita Shah, Eric Plitman, Yusuke Iwata, Fernando Caravaggio, Shinichiro Nakajima, Bruce G Pollock, Ariel Graff-Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: Anosognosia, or impaired illness awareness, is a common feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and less so of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Importantly, anosognosia negatively influences clinical outcomes for patients and their caregivers and may predict the conversion from MCI to AD. This study aimed to examine (1) the relationship between brain glucose metabolism as measured by fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and anosognosia in patients with MCI and AD and (2) the predictive utility of anosognosia in patients with MCI for later conversion to AD, even when controlling for other factors, including gender, education, apolipoprotein E ε4 carrier status, dementia severity, and cognitive dysfunction...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990871/cultural-adaptation-of-a-dyadic-intervention-for-korean-couples-coping-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Minyoung Kwak, Jung-Hwa Ha, So-Yeon Hwang, Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Beth Spencer
OBJECTIVES: The Couples Life Story Approach (CLSA) was recently reveloped in the U.S. for older couples dealing with dementia to improve their quality of life. The purpose of this article is to describe how the CLSA was adapted to be culturally appropriate for older Korean couples and to discuss cultural htemes that emerged during the implementation process. METHODS: The intervention was adapted using the Cultural Adaptation Process Model. The revised materials were implemented on 56 Korean couples...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988561/discussing-advance-care-planning-insights-from-older-people-living-in-nursing-homes-and-from-family-members
#5
Francesca Ingravallo, Veronica Mignani, Elena Mariani, Giovanni Ottoboni, Marie Christine Melon, Rabih Chattat
BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning when and in which manner older people living in nursing homes (NHs) would prefer to discuss advance care planning (ACP) is still scarce. This study explored the attitudes of NH residents and family members toward ACP and their opinions as to the right time to broach the subject, the manner in which it should be approached, and the content of ACP. METHODS: This was a qualitative study using face-to-face interviews with 30 residents (age range 66-94), and 10 family members from 4 Italian NHs...
October 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986925/cerebral-blood-flow-in-normal-aging-adults-cardiovascular-determinants-clinical-implications-and-aerobic-fitness
#6
REVIEW
Takashi Tarumi, Rong Zhang
Senescence is a leading cause of mortality, disability, and non-communicable chronic diseases in older adults. Mounting evidence indicates that the presence of cardiovascular disease and risk factors elevates the incidence of both vascular cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Age-related declines in cardiovascular function may impair cerebral blood flow (CBF) regulation, leading to the disruption of neuronal micro-environmental homeostasis. The brain is the most metabolically active organ with limited intracellular energy storage and critically depends on CBF to sustain neuronal metabolism...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981245/-communicating-with-elderly-patients
#7
J M Thomas, P Thomas
As with other adults, communication with elderly patients will be based on the three pillars of the person-centered approach, on motivational interviewing and on the Calgary Cambridge guide. The particularity of communication with the elderly lies in the consideration of obstacles such as visual, auditory and cognitive deficits. In addition, caregivers who accompany the patient sometimes monopolize the discussion, which could prevent him from expressing himself or even making decisions about his health. Humanity and Validation are a set of tools for communicating more effectively with the very elderly or those suffering from dementia...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977015/the-level-of-cognitive-function-and-recognition-of-emotions-in-older-adults
#8
Marianna Virtanen, Archana Singh-Manoux, G David Batty, Klaus P Ebmeier, Markus Jokela, Catherine J Harmer, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: The association between cognitive decline and the ability to recognise emotions in interpersonal communication is not well understood. We aimed to investigate the association between cognitive function and the ability to recognise emotions in other people's facial expressions across the full continuum of cognitive capacity. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 4039 participants (3016 men, 1023 women aged 59 to 82 years) in the Whitehall II study. Cognitive function was assessed using a 30-item Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), further classified into 8 groups: 30, 29, 28, 27, 26, 25, 24, and <24 (possible dementia) MMSE points...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974154/-your-brain-matters-issues-of-risk-and-responsibility-in-online-dementia-prevention-information
#9
Michael Lawless, Martha Augoustinos, Amanda LeCouteur
The Internet has been argued to provide diverse sites for health communication and promotion, including issues that constitute major public health priorities such as the prevention of dementia. In this study, discursive psychology is used to examine how information about dementia risk prevention was presented on the websites of the most prominent English-language, nonprofit dementia organizations. We demonstrate how information about dementia risk and its prevention positions audiences as at-risk of developing dementia and constructs preventive behavior as a matter of individual responsibility...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974110/acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors-beneficial-effects-on-comorbidities-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Vinod Kaushik, Sarah Toombs Smith, Emmanuel Mikobi, Mukaila A Raji
Elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other dementias are at high risk of polypharmacy and excessive polypharmacy for common coexisting medical conditions. Polypharmacy increases the risk of drug-drug and drug-disease interactions in these patients who may not be able to communicate early symptoms of adverse drug events. Three acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (ACHEIs) have been approved for AD: donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon), and galantamine (Razadyne). They are also used off-label for other causes of dementia such as Lewy body and vascular dementia...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971511/relationship-between-speaking-english-as-a-second-language-and-agitation-in-people-with-dementia-living-in-care-homes-results-from-the-marque-managing-agitation-and-raising-quality-of-life-english-national-care-home-survey
#11
C Cooper, P Rapaport, S Robertson, L Marston, J Barber, M Manela, G Livingston
OBJECTIVE: As not speaking English as a first language may lead to increased difficulties in communication with staff and other residents, we (1) tested our primary hypotheses that care home residents with dementia speaking English as a second language experience more agitation and overall neuropsychiatric symptoms, and (2) explored qualitatively how staff consider that residents' language, ethnicity, and culture might impact on how they manage agitation. METHODS: We interviewed staff, residents with dementia, and their family carers from 86 care homes (2014-2015) about resident's neuropsychiatric symptoms, agitation, life quality, and dementia severity...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969160/anti-alzheimer-properties-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-plantarum-mtcc-1325-in-alzheimer-s-disease-induced-albino-rats
#12
Mallikarjuna Nimgampalle, Yellamma Kuna
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease is a type of dementia, and till now there is no suitable drug available for the complete cure of this disease. Now-a-days Probiotics, Lactobacillus strains play a therapeutic role in cognitive disorders through Gut-Brain Axis communication. AIM: The present study was aimed to evaluate the anti-Alzheimer properties of Lactobacillus plantarum MTCC1325 against D-Galactose-induced Alzheimer's disease in albino rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy rats (48) of wistar strain were divided into four groups viz...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965503/assessing-bpsd-with-the-support-of-the-npi-nh-a-discourse-analysis-of-clinical-reasoning
#13
Catharina Melander, Stefan Sävenstedt, Malin Olsson, Britt-Marie Wälivaara
BACKGROUND: The ability of nursing staff to assess and evaluate behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) to determine when intervention is needed is essential. In order to assist with the assessment process, the current use of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Nursing Home version (NPI-NH) is internationally accepted. Even though the NPI-NH is thoroughly validated and has several advantages, there are also various challenges when implementing this system in practice. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore clinical reasoning employed by assistant nurses when utilizing the NPI-NH as a tool to assess frequency and severity of BPSD in individuals with advanced dementia...
October 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958170/experiences-of-shame-for-people-with-dementia-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#14
Hannah Aldridge, Paul Fisher, Ken Laidlaw
Studies highlight that shame can be problematic for people with early-stage dementia. However, no published research has specifically explored experiences of shame in dementia from the perspective of the individual. This study uses Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis to gain an understanding of how shame is experienced and made sense of by six people with early-stage dementia. Individual, semi-structured interviews took place in participants' homes. An in-depth analysis of the data revealed four superordinate themes implicated in shame experiences: Avoidance explains the participants' efforts to distance themselves from shaming experiences; participants reported Negative self-perceptions including a weakening self, loss of value and meaninglessness; Relationship matters involved issues around trust, burden and past relationships and Uncertainty and loss of control highlights participants' anxiety about losing clarity and control...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955516/dementia-and-parkinsonism-a-rare-presentation-of-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulae
#15
Manoj Gopinath, Chinmay Nagesh, K Santhosh, E R Jayadevan
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) are acquired fistulous communications between dural arterial branches and dural venous sinuses or cortical veins with the nidus located within the leaflets of the duramater. Dementia and Parkinsonism are amongst the rarest of clinical presentations in DAVFs and are important to diagnose early, being treatable with timely intervention. We present an interesting case of a patient who presented with rapidly progressive dementia and features of parkinsonism who was diagnosed to have extensive DAVF and made remarkable recovery after embolization of the fistulae...
September 2017: Neurointervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936934/-dementia-and-advertising-techniques
#16
K Bormans
Dementia is tough for the person who is suffering from it, but also stressful for the entourage. The decrease of contact and recognition is difficult for these 'shadow victims of the disorder'. Looking at dementia as mere 'memory loss' may cause feelings of powerlessness, since there is currently no medication that can prevent or cure this deterioration process. Shifting the emphasis to 'loss of communication' makes the problem somewhat easier to deal with. What if advertising techniques could boost the challenging dialogue with people suffering from dementia?...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934622/should-i-stay-or-should-i-go-how-healthcare-professionals-close-encounters-with-people-with-dementia-in-the-acute-hospital-setting
#17
Rebecca Allwood, Alison Pilnick, Rebecca O'Brien, Sarah Goldberg, Rowan H Harwood, Suzanne Beeke
Around a quarter of hospital beds in the UK are occupied by patients living with dementia (PWD), and communication impairments are common across all types of dementia, often exacerbated by the hospital environment. Unsurprisingly, healthcare professionals (HCPs) report particular challenges in caring for this patient group, whilst trying to recognise and value their personhood as per the underpinning ethos of person-centred care. However, whilst there is a growing body of research that underlines the importance of communication in dementia care, there is far less that actually examines this communication in real time interaction...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
November 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931443/conversational-assessment-of-cognitive-dysfunction-among-residents-living-in-long-term-care-facilities
#19
Hikaru Oba, Shinichi Sato, Hiroaki Kazui, Yoshiko Nitta, Tatsuya Nashitani, Akio Kamiyama
BACKGROUND: There are some existing barriers posed by neuropsychological tests that interfere with the assessment of cognitive functioning by staff who work in long-term care facilities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of assessing cognitive function through conversation. METHODS: A total of 100 care staff was randomly selected as participants. Each staff member evaluated cognitive function in one to three residents using the Conversational Assessment of Neurocognitive Dysfunction (CANDy), which is a screening test for dementia using conversation...
September 21, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929901/the-dementia-friendly-emergency-department-an-innovation-to-reducing-incompatibilities-at-the-local-level
#20
Belinda Parke, Kathleen F Hunter
Emergency Departments (EDs) are an integral part of the Canadian healthcare system. Older people living with dementia challenge EDs. They have complex health profiles that pose multiple challenges for staff. The current one-size-fits-all approach that aids efficiency in a technologically dependent hospital setting may not always serve older people living with dementia, their caregivers, or staff well. The premise that older people living with dementia are a problem for Canadian EDs must be reconsidered. Understanding the complexity of the situation is aided by the dementia-friendly ED framework...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
keyword
keyword
108258
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"