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dementia AND communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457487/dementia-management-strategies-associated-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-of-elderly-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Lais Lopes Delfino, Ricardo Shoiti Komatsu, Caroline Komatsu, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Meire Cachioni
This study aims to investigate the association between management and communication strategies and the presence of neuropsychiatric symptoms presented by elderly people with Alzheimer's disease. One hundred and thirty-four family caregivers answered a questionnaire with socio-demographic data and questions regarding the care context, the Small Communication Strategies Scale, the Dementia Management Strategy Scale, and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Caregivers used the criticism management strategy more when the elderly presented hallucination, agitation, depression, anxiety, irritability, nighttime behavior, and appetite abnormalities...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451587/diagnosing-dementia-in-lower-educated-older-persons-validation-of-a-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-rowland-universal-dementia-assessment-scale-rudas
#2
Narahyana B de Araujo, Thomas R Nielsen, Knut Engedal, Maria L Barca, Evandro S Coutinho, Jerson Laks
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale for use in Brazil (RUDAS-BR). METHODS: We first completed an English-Brazilian Portuguese translation and back-translation of the RUDAS. A total of 135 subjects over 60 years of age were included: 65 cognitively healthy and 70 with Alzheimer's disease (AD) according to the DSM-IV and Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINCDS-ADRDA) criteria...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444688/twenty-years-of-home-based-palliative-care-in-malappuram-kerala-india-a-descriptive-study-of-patients-and-their-care-givers
#3
Rekha Rachel Philip, Sairu Philip, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Abdulla Manima, Emilie Venables
BACKGROUND: The well lauded community-based palliative care programme of Kerala, India provides medical and social support, through home-based care, for patients with terminal illness and diseases requiring long-term support. There is, however, limited information on patient characteristics, caregivers and programme performance. This study was carried out to describe: i) the patients enrolled in the programme from 1996 to 2016 and their diagnosis, and ii) the care-giver characteristics and palliative care support from nurses and doctors in a cohort of patients registered during 2013-2015...
February 14, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439325/prediction-and-early-detection-of-alzheimer-s-dementia-professional-disclosure-practices-and-ethical-attitudes
#4
Mark Schweda, Anna Kögel, Claudia Bartels, Jens Wiltfang, Anja Schneider, Silke Schicktanz
BACKGROUND: Biomarker-supported testing for preclinical and prodromal Alzheimer's disease (AD) finds its way into clinical practice. Professional attitudes and practices regarding disclosure and ethical issues are controversial in many countries. OBJECTIVES: Against this background, the objective was to survey the actual practice and the attitudes of physicians in German hospitals and memory clinics in order to explore possible practical insecurities and ethical concerns...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429856/ehealth-interventions-for-family-carers-of-people-with-long-term-illness-a-promising-approach
#5
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Claire Henderson, Debbie Spain, Victoria Cornelius, Tao Chen, Steve Gillard
Family carers of people who have long term illness often experience physical and mental health morbidities, and burden. While there is good evidence to suggest that carers benefit from psychosocial interventions, these have primarily been delivered via face-to-face individual or group-formats. eHealth interventions offer a novel, accessible and self-paced approach to care delivery. Whether these are effective for carers' wellbeing has been little explored. This paper reports the first comprehensive systematic review in this area...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411662/empowerment-environment-and-person-centred-care-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-hospital-experience-for-adults-with-cognitive-impairment
#6
Laura Prato, Lyndsay Lindley, Miriam Boyles, Louise Robinson, Clare Abley
It is acknowledged that there are many challenges to ensuring a positive hospital experience for patients with cognitive impairment. The study ('Improving hospital care for adults with cognitive impairment') aimed to explore the positive and negative experiences of older adults with cognitive impairment (dementia and delirium) and their relatives and/or carers, during an acute hospital stay, from admission to discharge, using a qualitative, case study methodology. Six participants with cognitive impairment, eight relatives and 59 members of the health care team were recruited...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407268/a-dementia-communication-training-intervention-based-on-the-vera-framework-for-pre-registration-nurses-part-i-developing-and-testing-an-implementation-strategy
#7
Corina Naughton, Chloe Beard, Vasiliki Tzouvara, Anne Pegram, Rebecca Verity, Rhiannon Eley, David Hingley
BACKGROUND: People living with dementia experience progressive difficulty in expressing physical and emotional needs. Health care staff including student nurses require training to develop compensatory communication strategies. However, there is no standardised foundation level dementia communication training within pre-registration curricula. AIM: This article describes the theoretical underpinnings and development of a foundation level dementia communication skills training based on the VERA (Validation, Emotion, Reassurance, Activity) framework...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407267/a-feasibility-study-of-dementia-communication-training-based-on-the-vera-framework-for-pre-registration-nurses-part-ii-impact-on-student-experience
#8
Corina Naughton, Chloe Beard, Vasiliki Tzouvara, Anne Pegram, Rebecca Verity, Rhiannon Eley, David Hingley
BACKGROUND: People living with dementia have complex communication needs, especially during acute hospital admissions. The VERA framework (validation, emotion, reassurance, activity) was designed to promote person centred communication between student nurses and people living with dementia, but there is limited evaluation of its impact. AIM: To measure the impact of dementia communication training (based on VERA) plus older adult unit (OAU) placement on students' ability to recognise opportunities for person centred (PC) communication compared to OAU placement alone...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402165/a-deterioration-in-hearing-is-associated-with-functional-and-cognitive-impairments-difficulty-with-communication-and-greater-health-instability
#9
Nicole Williams, Dawn M Guthrie, Jacob G S Davidson, Kathryn Fisher, Lauren E Griffith
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between hearing deterioration and several health-related outcomes among home care clients in Ontario. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis was completed for clients with at least two comprehensive assessments. Hearing status, based on a single item, ranged from zero (no impairment) to three (highly impaired). Hearing deterioration was defined as at least a 1-point decline between subsequent assessments. RESULTS: Seven percent experienced a 1-point deterioration in hearing and roughly 1% had a 2/3-point decline...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392084/cardiovascular-risk-factors-are-correlated-with-low-cognitive-function-among-older-adults-across-europe-based-on-the-share-database
#10
Joana Lourenco, Antonio Serrano, Alice Santos-Silva, Marcos Gomes, Claudia Afonso, Paula Freitas, Constanca Paul, Elisio Costa
Increased life expectancy is associated with a high prevalence of chronic, non-communicable diseases including cognitive decline and dementia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cognitive impairment using three cognitive abilities (verbal fluency, numeracy and perceived memory) and their association with cardiovascular risk factors in seniors across Europe. Data from participants in wave 4 of the SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe) database was used. Cognitive performance in perceived memory, verbal fluency and numeracy was evaluated using simple tests and a memory complaints questionnaire...
February 2018: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387453/advancing-care-for-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-through-caregiver-and-community-partnerships
#11
Carole L White, Kristen J Overbaugh, Carolyn E Z Pickering, Bridgett Piernik-Yoder, Debbie James, Darpan I Patel, Frank Puga, Lark Ford, James Cleveland
Background: There are currently 15 million Americans who provide over 80% of the care required by their family members with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Yet care for caregivers continues to be fragmented and few evidence-based interventions have been translated into routine clinical care and therefore remain inaccessible to most family caregivers. To address this gap, the Caring for the Caregiver program is being developed at UT Health San Antonio, School of Nursing to improve support services and health outcomes for family caregivers...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385819/caregivers-interactions-with-health-care-services-mediator-of-stress-or-added-strain-experiences-and-perceptions-of-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-study
#12
Despina Laparidou, Jo Middlemass, Terence Karran, A Niroshan Siriwardena
Background There are an estimated 46.8 million people worldwide living with dementia in 2015, being cared for usually by family members or friends (informal caregivers). The challenges faced by informal caregivers often lead to increased levels of stress, burden and risk of care-recipient institutionalisation. Aim The overarching aim of this study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of informal caregivers of people with dementia when interacting with the health care system, and whether the support received acted as a mediator of caregiver stress...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375037/the-unforgettables-a-chorus-for-people-with-dementia-with-their-family-members-and-friends
#13
Mary Sherman Mittelman, Panayiota Maria Papayannopoulou
Summary/Abstract Our experience evaluating a museum program for people with dementia together with their family members demonstrated benefits for all participants. We hypothesized that participation in a chorus would also have positive effects, giving them an opportunity to share a stimulating and social activity that could improve their quality of life. We inaugurated a chorus for people with dementia and their family caregivers in 2011, which rehearses and performs regularly. Each person with dementia must be accompanied by a friend or family member and must commit to attending all rehearsals and the concert that ensues...
January 29, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374673/recommendations-for-successful-sensory-screening-in-older-adults-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-a-qualitative-environmental-scan-of-canadian-specialists
#14
Walter Wittich, Fiona Höbler, Jonathan Jarry, Katherine S McGilton
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify screening tools, technologies and strategies that vision and hearing care specialists recommend to front-line healthcare professionals for the screening of older adults in long-term care homes who have dementia. SETTING: An environmental scan of healthcare professionals took place via telephone interviews between December 2015 and March 2016. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, proofed for accuracy, and their contents thematically analysed by two members of the research team...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368571/communicating-effectively-with-a-person-living-with-dementia
#15
Aysha Mendes, Sarah Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368117/beyond-v40-31-narrative-phenomenology-of-wandering-in-autism-and-dementia
#16
Olga Solomon, Mary C Lawlor
Research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and on Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and other types of dementia describes a behaviour called 'wandering', a term that denotes movement through space lacking intention or exact destination, as when a person is disoriented or not self-aware. In the U.S., 'wandering' in both ASD and AD has been examined mostly from a management and prevention perspective. It prioritizes safety while primarily overlooking personal experiences of those who 'wander' and their families, thus limiting the range of potentially effective strategies to address this issue...
January 24, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361072/long-term-care-workforce-issues-practice-principles-for-quality-dementia-care
#17
Susan D Gilster, Marie Boltz, Jennifer L Dalessandro
Purpose: This article is one in a series of articles in this supplement addressing best practice for quality dementia care. The Alzheimer's Association, in revising their Dementia Care Practice Recommendations for 2017 has identified staff across the long-term care spectrum as a distinct and important determinant of quality dementia care. The purpose of this article is to highlight areas for developing and supporting a dementia-capable workforce. Methods: The Alzheimer's Association Principles For Advocacy To Assure Quality Dementia Care Across Settings provide a framework to examine interventions to support the dementia care workforce in long-term care settings...
January 18, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361067/evidence-based-interventions-for-transitions-in-care-for-individuals-living-with-dementia
#18
Karen B Hirschman, Nancy A Hodgson
Background and Objectives: Despite numerous, often predictable, transitions in care, little is known about the core elements of successful transitions in care specifically for persons with dementia. The paper examines available evidence-based interventions to improve the care transitions for persons with dementia and their caregivers. Research Design and Methods: A state-of-the-art review was conducted for research published on interventions targeting transitions in care for persons living with dementia and their caregivers through January 2017...
January 18, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360700/professionals-use-of-a-multidisciplinary-communication-tool-for-patients-with-dementia-in-primary-care
#19
Catharina C de Jong, Wynand J G Ros, Mia van Leeuwen, Leonard Witkamp, Guus Schrijvers
In this descriptive study, the use of a professional e-communication tool, Congredi, is evaluated. Ninety-six Congredi records of patients with dementia could be divided into the subgroups low-complex care (n = 43) and high-complex care (n = 53). If Congredi is an adequate communication tool for professionals, the changing involvement of caregivers must also be reflected within the two subgroups. We hypothesized that use would be more intensive in the high-complex group in comparison with the low-complex group...
January 23, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359875/pain-in-severe-dementia-a-comparison-of-a-fine-grained-assessment-approach-to-an-observational-checklist-designed-for-clinical-settings
#20
T Hadjistavropoulos, M E Browne, K M Prkachin, B Taati, A Ashraf, A Mihailidis
BACKGROUND: Fine-grained observational approaches to pain assessment (e.g. the Facial Action Coding System; FACS) are used to evaluate pain in individuals with and without dementia. These approaches are difficult to utilize in clinical settings as they require specialized training and equipment. Easy-to-use observational approaches (e.g. the Pain Assessment Checklist for Limited Ability to Communicate-II; PACSLAC-II) have been developed for clinical settings. Our goal was to compare a FACS-based fine-grained system to the PACSLAC-II in differentiating painful from non-painful states in older adults with and without dementia...
January 23, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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