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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812357/importance-of-terminal-amino-acid-residues-to-the-transport-of-oligopeptides-across-caco-2-cell-monolayer
#1
Long Ding, Liying Wang, Zhipeng Yu, Sitong Ma, Zhiyang Du, Ting Zhang, Jingbo Liu
The objective of this paper was to investigate the effects of terminal amino acids on the transport of oligopeptides across Caco-2 cell monolayer. Ala-based tetra- and penta-peptides were designed and the N-terminal or C-terminal amino acid residues were replaced by different amino acids. The results showed that the oligopeptides had a wide range of transport permeability across Caco-2 cell monolayer and could be divided into 4 categories: non/poor permeability, low permeability, intermediate permeability, and good permeability...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801970/lysozyme-oxidation-by-singlet-molecular-oxygen-peptides-characterization-using-18-o-labeling-oxygen-and-nlc-ms-ms
#2
Emerson Finco Marques, Marisa H G Medeiros, Paolo Di Mascio
Singlet molecular oxygen ((1) O2 ) is generated in biological systems and reacts with different biomolecules. Proteins are a major target for (1) O2 and His, Tyr, Met, Cys and Trp are oxidized at physiological pH. In the present study, the modification of lysozyme protein by (1) O2 was investigated using mass spectrometry approaches. The experimental findings showed methionine, histidine and tryptophan oxidation. The experiments were achieved using [(18) O]-labeled (1) O2 released from thermolabile endoperoxides in association with nano-scale liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, an UHR-ESI-Q-TOF...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800408/effects-of-phenanthrene-on-early-development-of-the-pacific-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-thunberg-1789
#3
Diego J Nogueira, Jacó J Mattos, Patrick R Dybas, Fabrıcio Flores-Nunes, Silvio Tarou Sasaki, Satie Taniguchi, Éder C Schmidt, Zenilda L Bouzon, Márcia C Bícego, Claudio M R Melo, Guilherme Toledo-Silva, Afonso C D Bainy
Phenanthnere (PHE) is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon continuously discarded in the marine environment and bioavailable to many aquatic species. Although studies about PHE toxicity have been documented for adult oysters, the effects on early developmental stages are poorly characterized in bivalves. In this study, the effects of PHE (0.02 and 2.0μg.L(-1)) were evaluated on the embryogenesis and larval development of Crassostrea gigas. Toxicity bioassays, growth and deformities assessment, analysis of shell calcium abundance and transcript levels of genes related to xenobiotic biotransformation (CYP2AU2, CYP30C1), immune system (Cg-Tal) and tissue growth and shell formation (Ferritin, Insulin-like, Cg-Try, Calmodulin and Nacrein) were assayed in D-shape larvae after 24h of PHE exposure...
August 1, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799334/the-impact-of-commonly-used-alkylating-agents-on-artefactual-peptide-modification
#4
Peter G Hains, Phillip J Robinson
Iodoacetamide is by far the most commonly used agent for alkylation of cysteine during sample preparation for proteomics. An alternative, 2-chloroacetamide, has been recently suggested to reduce the alkylation of residues other than cysteine, such as the N-terminus, Asp, Glu, Lys, Ser, Thr and Tyr. Here, we show that although 2-chloroacetamide reduces the level of off-target alkylation, it exhibits a range of adverse effects. The most significant of these was methionine oxidation, which increases to a maximum of 40% of all Met containing peptides compared to 2-5% with iodoacetamide...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798365/mass-secondary-structure-propensity-of-amino-acids-explain-their-mutability-and-evolutionary-replacements
#5
Hugo J Bohórquez, Carlos F Suárez, Manuel E Patarroyo
Why is an amino acid replacement in a protein accepted during evolution? The answer given by bioinformatics relies on the frequency of change of each amino acid by another one and the propensity of each to remain unchanged. We propose that these replacement rules are recoverable from the secondary structural trends of amino acids. A distance measure between high-resolution Ramachandran distributions reveals that structurally similar residues coincide with those found in substitution matrices such as BLOSUM: Asn ↔ Asp, P™he ↔ Tyr, Lys ↔ Arg, Gln ↔ Glu, Ile ↔ Val, Met → Leu; with Ala, Cys, His, Gly, Ser, Pro, and Thr, as structurally idiosyncratic residues...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796482/a-sensitive-robust-and-cost-effective-approach-for-tyrosine-phosphoproteome-analysis
#6
Mingming Dong, Yangyang Bian, Yan Wang, Jing Dong, Yating Yao, Zhenzhen Deng, Hongqiang Qin, Hanfa Zou, Mingliang Ye
Albeit much less abundant than Ser/Thr phosphorylation (pSer/pThr), Tyr phosphorylation (pTyr) is considered as a hallmark in cellular signal transduction. However, its analysis at the proteome level remains challenging. The conventional immunopurification (IP) approach using antibodies specific to pTyr sites is known to have low sensitivity, poor reproducibility and high cost. Our recent study indicated that SH2 domain-derived pTyr-superbinder is a good replacement of pTyr antibody for the specific enrichment of pTyr peptides for phosphoproteomics analysis...
August 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795725/rational-design-of-artificial-dye-decolorizing-peroxidases-using-myoglobin-by-engineering-tyr-trp-in-the-heme-center
#7
Le-Le Li, Hong Yuan, Fei Liao, Bo He, Shu-Qin Gao, Ge-Bo Wen, Xiangshi Tan, Ying-Wu Lin
The rational design of metalloenzymes provides advantages not only for illustrating the structure and function relationship of native enzymes, but also for creating functional artificial enzymes comparable to native enzymes. Dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) are a new family of heme peroxidases and have received much attention recently. Inspired by the structural features of native DyPs with multiple Tyr and Trp residues, we herein aimed to design functional artificial DyPs using myoglobin (Mb), an O2 carrier as a protein scaffold, by further introduction of Tyr/Trp into the secondary sphere of the heme center in the F43Y Mb mutant...
August 10, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792609/egcg-attenuates-fe-iii-induced-conformational-transition-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-and-protects-as-pc12-cells-against-fe-iii-induced-death
#8
Juan Zhao, Lihui Xu, Qingnan Liang, Qing Sun, Congheng Chen, Yuan Zhang, Yu Ding, Ping Zhou
The fibrillation and aggregation of α-synuclein (AS), along with the conformational transition from random coil to β-sheet, are the critical steps in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). It is acknowledged that iron accumulation in the brain may lead to the fibrillation of AS. However, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) can penetrate the blood-brain barrier, chelate metal ions and inhibit the fibrillation of amyloid proteins. Therefore, EGCG is warranted to be investigated for its potential to cure amyloid-related diseases...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791512/purification-of-angiotensin-i-converting-enzyme-ace-inhibitory-peptides-from-casein-hydrolysate-by-imac-ni-2
#9
Shanguang Wu, Xuezhen Feng, Yuan Lu, Yuting Lu, Saisai Liu, Yuhong Tian
Casein proteins were hydrolyzed by papain to identify inhibitory peptides of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). The hydrolysate was fractionized by immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC-Ni(2+)). The fraction with high ACE inhibitory activity was enriched and further chromatographed on a reverse-phase column to yield four fractions. Among the fractions, the L4 fraction exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity and was identified by sequence analysis as Trp-Tyr-Leu-His-Tyr-Ala (WYLHYA), with IC50 value of 16...
August 8, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783167/toosendanin-demonstrates-promising-antitumor-efficacy-in-osteosarcoma-by-targeting-stat3
#10
T Zhang, J Li, F Yin, B Lin, Z Wang, J Xu, H Wang, D Zuo, G Wang, Y Hua, Z Cai
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) is an emerging target for cancer therapy. In this study, we identify Toosendanin (TSN) is an effective inhibitor of STAT3, leading to the impediment of various oncogenic processes in osteosarcoma. TSN selectively inactivates phospho-STAT3 (Tyr-705); subsequent molecular docking and in vitro SPR analysis uncover TSN directly binds to the SH2 domain of STAT3. Consequently, TSN blocks STAT3 dimerization and impairs the complex formation of STAT3 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)...
August 7, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782925/adsorption-and-separation-of-aromatic-amino-acids-from-aqueous-solutions-using-metal-organic-frameworks
#11
Dries Jonckheere, Julian A Steele, Birgit Claes, Bart Bueken, Laurens Claes, Bert Lagrain, Maarten B J Roeffaers, Dirk E De Vos
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are investigated for the adsorption of aromatic amino acids L-phenylalanine (L-Phe), L-tryptophan (L-Trp) and L-tyrosine (L-Tyr) from aqueous solutions. After screening a range of water-stable MOFs, the hydrophobic Zr-MOF MIL-140C emerged as the most performant material, exhibiting uptakes of 15 wt% for L-Trp and 20 wt% for L-Phe. These uptakes are 5 to 10 wt% higher than those of large-pore zeolites Beta and Y. Both single-compound and competitive adsorption isotherms for L-Phe and L-Trp were experimentally obtained at the natural pH of these amino acid mixtures without additional pH-modification (pH 6...
August 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782637/synthesis-and-activity-of-opioid-peptidomimetics-with-%C3%AE-2-and-%C3%AE-3-amino-acids
#12
Katarzyna Gach-Janczak, Justyna Piekielna-Ciesielska, Anna Adamska-Bartłomiejczyk, Renata Perlikowska, Rafał Kruszyński, Alicja Kluczyk, Julia Krzywik, Jarosław Sukiennik, Maria Camilla Cerlesi, Girolamo Calo, Andrzej Wasilewski, Marta Zielińska, Anna Janecka
Morphiceptin (Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-NH2) is a selective ligand of the mu opioid receptor, an important target in pain regulation. In this study, morphiceptin was modified at positions 2 or 3 by introduction of β(2)- or β(3)-amino acids and additionally in position 1 by replacing Tyr by Dmt (2',6'-dimethyltyrosine), which resulted in obtaining enzymatically stable analogs with mixed opioid receptor affinity profiles. An analog of the sequence Dmt-D-Ala-(R)-β(2)-1-Nal-Pro-NH2 [Nal=3-(1-naphthyl)-alanine] showed very high activity at the mu and delta receptors in the calcium mobilization functional test but did not cross the artificial membrane imitating the blood-brain barrier...
August 3, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782047/characterization-of-protein-z-dependent-protease-inhibitor-antithrombin-chimeras-provides-insight-into-the-serpin-specificity-of-coagulation-proteases
#13
Likui Yang, Alireza R Rezaie
Protein Z (PZ)-dependent protease inhibitor (ZPI) and antithrombin (AT) are two physiological serpin inhibitors involved in the regulation of proteolytic activities of the blood coagulation cascade. ZPI has restricted protease specificity capable of inhibiting factors Xa (FXa) and XIa (FXIa) but exhibiting no reactivity with other coagulation proteases. Unlike ZPI, AT is a general inhibitor of all coagulation proteases and the only physiological inhibitor of factor IXa (FIXa). To understand the molecular determinants of protease specificity of the two serpins, we engineered two ZPI mutants in which the P12-P3' residues of the reactive center loop of ZPI were replaced with either P12-P3' or P12-P7' residues of AT (ZPI-AT(P12-P3') and ZPI-AT(P12-P7'))...
July 31, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780423/cinnamic-acid-derivatives-inhibit-hepatitis-c-virus-replication-via-the-induction-of-oxidative-stress
#14
Ryota Amano, Atsuya Yamashita, Hirotake Kasai, Tomoka Hori, Sayoko Miyasato, Setsu Saito, Hiromasa Yokoe, Kazunori Takahashi, Tomohisa Tanaka, Teruhime Otoguro, Shinya Maekawa, Nobuyuki Enomoto, Masayoshi Tsubuki, Kohji Moriishi
Several cinnamic acid derivatives have been reported to exhibit antiviral activity. In this study, we prepared 17 synthetic cinnamic acid derivatives and screened them to identify an effective antiviral compound against hepatitis C virus (HCV). Compound 6, one of two hit compounds, suppressed the viral replications of genotypes 1b, 2a, 3a, and 4a with EC50 values of 1.5-8.1 μM and SI values of 16.2-94.2. The effect of compound 6 on the phosphorylation of Tyr(705) in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was investigated because a cinnamic acid derivative AG490 was reported to suppress HCV replication and the activity of Janus kinase (JAK) 2...
August 2, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777813/the-integrated-analysis-of-rna-seq-and-microrna-seq-depicts-mirna-mrna-networks-involved-in-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus-albinism
#15
Na Wang, Ruoqing Wang, Renkai Wang, Yongsheng Tian, Changwei Shao, Xiaodong Jia, Songlin Chen
Albinism, a phenomenon characterized by pigmentation deficiency on the ocular side of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), has caused significant damage. Limited mRNA and microRNA (miRNA) information is available on fish pigmentation deficiency. In this study, a high-throughput sequencing strategy was employed to identify the mRNA and miRNAs involved in P. olivaceus albinism. Based on P. olivaceus genome, RNA-seq identified 21,787 know genes and 711 new genes by transcripts assembly. Of those, 235 genes exhibited significantly different expression pattern (fold change ≥2 or ≤0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774961/identification-and-characterization-of-a-bacterial-cytochrome-p450-monooxygenase-catalyzing-the-3-nitration-of-tyrosine-in-rufomycin-biosynthesis
#16
Hiroya Tomita, Yohei Katsuyama, Hiromichi Minami, Yasuo Ohnishi
Rufomycin is a circular heptapeptide with anti-mycobacterial activity and is produced by Streptomyces atratus ATCC 14046. Its structure contains three non-proteinogenic amino acids, N-dimethylallyltryptophan, trans-2-crotylglycine, and 3-nitrotyrosine (3NTyr). Although the rufomycin structure was already reported in the 1960s, its biosynthesis, including 3-NTyr generation, remains unclear. To elucidate the rufomycin biosynthetic pathway, we assembled a draft genome sequence of S. atratus and identified the rufomycin biosynthetic gene cluster (ruf cluster), consisting of 20 ORFs (rufA-rufT)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772805/linear-graphene-nanocomposite-synthesis-and-an-analytical-application-for-the-amino-acid-detection-of-camellia-nitidissima-chi-seeds
#17
Jinsheng Cheng, Ruimin Zhong, Jiajian Lin, Jianhua Zhu, Weihong Wan, Xinyan Chen
Husk derived amino modified linear graphene nanocomposites (aLGN) with a diameter range of 80-300 nm and a length range of 100-300 μm were prepared by a modified Hummers method, ammonia treatment, NaBH₄ reduction and phenylalanine induced assembly processes, etc. The resulting composites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), biological microscope (BM), and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), etc. Investigations found that the aLGN can serve as the novel coating of stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) technology...
April 24, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771071/the-rna-polymerase-ii-ctd-orphan-residues-emerging-insights-into-the-functions-of-tyr-1-thr-4-and-ser-7
#18
Nathan M Yurko, James L Manley
The C-terminal domain of the RNA polymerase II largest subunit (CTD) consists of a unique repeated heptad sequence of the consensus Tyr1-Ser2-Pro3-Thr4-Ser5-Pro6-Ser7. An important function of the CTD is to couple transcription with RNA processing reactions that occur during the initiation, elongation and termination phases of transcription. During this transcription cycle, the CTD is subject to extensive modification, primarily phosphorylation, on its non-proline residues. Reversible phosphorylation of Ser2 and Ser5 is well known to play important and general functions during transcription in all eukaryotes...
August 3, 2017: Transcription
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768147/production-of-human-recombinant-phenylalanine-hydroxylase-in-lactobacillus-plantarum-for-gastrointestinal-delivery
#19
Aura María Ramírez, Alexander Rodriguez-López, Andrea Ardila, Laura Beltran, Camilo Andres Patarroyo, Adelina Del Pilar Melendez, Oscar Fernando Sánchez, Carlos Javier Alméciga-Díaz
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defective phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), which catalyzes the hydroxylation of l-phenylalanine (l-Phe) to l-tyrosine (l-Tyr) in presence of the cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). Defective PAH causes accumulation of phenylalanine, which has neurotoxic effects and leads to dermatological, behavioral, and neurocognitive problems. Treatments for this disease consist in life-long diets that are hard for patients to keep, or supplementation with BH4...
July 30, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766938/rhenium-and-technetium-oxo-complexes-with-thioamide-derivatives-of-pyridylhydrazine-bifunctional-chelators-conjugated-to-the-tumour-targeting-peptides-octreotate-and-cyclic-rgdfk
#20
Andrea J North, John A Karas, Michelle T Ma, Philip J Blower, Uwe Ackermann, Jonathan M White, Paul S Donnelly
This research aimed to develop new tumor targeted theranostic agents taking advantage of the similarities in coordination chemistry between technetium and rhenium. A γ-emitting radioactive isotope of technetium is commonly used in diagnostic imaging, and there are two β(-) emitting radioactive isotopes of rhenium that have the potential to be of use in radiotherapy. Variants of the 6-hydrazinonicotinamide (HYNIC) bifunctional ligands have been prepared by appending thioamide functional groups to 6-hydrazinonicotinamide to form pyridylthiosemicarbazide ligands (SHYNIC)...
August 2, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
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