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dermatomyositis dysphagia

H Rachadi, K Bouayad, S Chiheb
: Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare disease, with a mean age of onset of 7 years. We report a case of JDM in a 13-month-old infant. OBSERVATION: A 13-month-old infant presented with an edema of the upper lip, 4 days after receiving amoxicillin-clavulanate. The patient was treated with betamethasone and an antihistamine. Progression was marked by the appearance of a white edema of the periorbital area and the upper lip, with purpuric lesions, aphthoid ulcerations, and a drooping head...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Manabu Fujimoto, Rei Watanabe, Yosuke Ishitsuka, Naoko Okiyama
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In dermatomyositis, disease-specific autoantibodies now cover more than 70% of patients. These autoantibodies closely correlate with distinct clinical manifestations. In the past few years, extensive evidence has been accumulated on clinical significance of dermatomyositis-specific autoantibodies including autoantibodies against melanoma differentiation antigen 5 (MDA5), transcriptional intermediary factor 1 (TIF1), nuclear matrix protein 2 (NXP2), and small ubiquitin-like modifier activating enzyme (SAE)...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Liguo Yin, Yongpeng Ge, Hanbo Yang, Qinglin Peng, Xin Lu, Yamei Zhang, Guochun Wang
The objectives of this study are to assess the levels of serum Interleukin-35 (IL-35) in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) and to evaluate the association between IL-35 levels and IIM-related features. Serum IL-35 was detected in 76 patients with dermatomyositis (DM), 28 patients with polymyositis (PM), 98 disease controls (40 rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 34 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 12 systemic sclerosis (SSc), and 12 sjogren syndrome (SS)), and 43 healthy controls by ELISA. Follow-up was conducted on 34 patients...
November 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Hidekazu Yoshie, Ryuto Nakazawa, Wataru Usuba, Hiroya Kudo, Yuichi Sato, Hideo Sasaki, Tatsuya Chikaraishi
We report the first case in Japan of paraneoplastic dermatomyositis with pure seminoma, a tumor that extremely rarely accompanies dermatomyositis. The patient presented to the hospital with muscle weakness and erythema and was diagnosed with dermatomyositis from skin biopsy. Routine radiological screening revealed testicular tumor and massive lymph node metastases. We initially performed orchiectomy along with conventional immunotherapy. However, muscle weakness gradually worsened, and he eventually showed dysphagia and forced respiration and became bedridden...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
Yao-Fan Fang, Yeong-Jian Jan Wu, Chang-Fu Kuo, Shue-Fen Luo, Kuang-Hui Yu
This study aims to investigate the prevalence and predictive risk factors of malignancy in patients with polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM). The medical records of 192 PM/DM patients followed up in a medical center between January 2000 and December 2013 were reviewed. Among the 192 patients, 33 patients (17.2 %) had associated cancer. Both PM and DM are significantly associated with cancer, although the risk of cancer appears to be somewhat higher among patients with DM (23.0 %) than among those with PM (8...
August 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Naoki Mugii, Minoru Hasegawa, Takashi Matsushita, Yasuhito Hamaguchi, Sacihe Oohata, Hirokazu Okita, Tetsutarou Yahata, Fujiko Someya, Katsumi Inoue, Shigeyuki Murono, Manabu Fujimoto, Kazuhiko Takehara
OBJECTIVE: Dysphagia develops with low frequency in patients with dermatomyositis. Our objective was to determine the clinical and laboratory features that can estimate the development of dysphagia in dermatomyositis. METHODS: This study included 92 Japanese patients with adult-onset dermatomyositis. The associations between dysphagia and clinical and laboratory features including disease-specific autoantibodies determined by immunoprecipitation assays were analyzed...
2016: PloS One
Mariano A Menezes, Fernando A M Herbella, Marco G Patti
Different connective tissue diseases (CTDs), such as dermatomyositis, mixed CTD, rheumatoid arthritis, polymyositis, lupus, and Behçet's, may affect the esophagus, impairing its motor function. The muscular atrophy and fibrosis caused by the autoimmune vasculitis and neuronal dysfunction affect the esophageal body and the lower esophageal sphincter, leading to a clinical presentation of dysphagia and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The belief that the impaired esophageal motility may negatively affect surgical outcome has led to the common recommendation of avoiding laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) for fear of creating or worsening dysphagia...
April 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Takeshi Kusunoki, Hirotomo Homma, Yoshinobu Kidokoro, Aya Yanai, Katsuhisa Ikeda, Ryo Wada
We experienced a rare case of laryngeal cancer associated with dermatomyositis. The patient was a 63-year-old male and Japanese. He was admitted to our department of Otorhinolaryngology with dysphagia for a day as a chief complaint. He became aware of hoarseness with bloody sputum and then face edema with redness a half year before. At first physical examination, he had bilateral eyelid edema with erythema, finger edema with keratinizing erythema and limb extensor erythema. Serous creatine phosphokinase was 850 IU/mL (normal range: 40-200 IU/mL)...
November 5, 2015: Clinics and Practice
Angeles Shunashy Galindo-Feria, Jorge Rojas-Serrano, Andrea Hinojosa-Azaola
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with survival in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are heterogeneous. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe clinical and prognostic factors associated with survival in Mexican patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. METHODS: Patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) seen at a tertiary care center from 1985 to 2012 were included. Demographic and clinical characteristics, comorbidities, treatment, and the time to death were recorded...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
R Goussot, C Wettlé, C Le Coz, B Cribier, D Lipsker
INTRODUCTION: Edematous dermatomyositis is a rare entity with localized or generalized subcutaneous edema and only 21 cases have been reported in the literature. It is considered to be a severe form of dermatomyositis which needs quick therapeutic decision. We report 2 cases with difficult therapeutic decisions. OBSERVATIONS: Two patients aged 23 and 80 years were admitted in hospital for DM with typical cutaneous and muscular involvement without any sign of gravity and which have been treated by steroids: methylprednisolone bolus and prednisone...
March 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Ilaria Cavazzana, Micaela Fredi, Carlo Selmi, Angela Tincani, Franco Franceschini
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a heterogeneous group of myositis, characterised by chronic muscle weakness, cutaneous features, different extra-muscular manifestations and circulating autoantibodies. IIMs included classical polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM) and other different types of myositis with a wide range of muscle involvement. A complete autoantibody profile and a muscle biopsy are mandatory to correctly diagnose different clinical entities and to define their different prognosis...
October 29, 2015: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Sudhir Babu Karri, Meena Anga Muthu Kannan, Liza Rajashekhar, Megha S Uppin, Sundaram Challa
AIMS: To study the histological features on muscle biopsy and correlate them with clinical features, other laboratory data in adult patients to make a diagnosis of dermatomyositis (DM), applying the European Neuromuscular center (ENMC) criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients who fulfilled clinical, laboratory, and muscle biopsy findings according to ENMC criteria for DM during the period 2010-2013 were included in the study. Cryostat sections of muscle biopsy were reviewed with emphasis on Perifascicular atrophy (PFA), perivascular/endomysial inflammation...
April 2015: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Florenzo Iannone, Margherita Giannini, Giovanni Lapadula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Leonardo Pires Novais Dias, Ana Luiza Antunes Faria, Maissa Marçola Scandiuzzi, Claudia Luci dos Santos Inhaia, Jorge Yoshinori Shida, Luiz Henrique Gebrim
BACKGROUND: Dermatomyositis and polymyositis are both types of idiopathic inflammatory myositis characterized by inflammation and weakness of proximal skeletal muscles and skin rash. CASE: A 49-year-old Caucasian woman recently diagnosed with breast cancer classified as T1N2M0, stage IIIA, presenting skin rash associated with heliotrope and Gottron's papules. In addition, there was a progression to a severe reduction in proximal muscle strength with severe dysphagia...
2015: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Tyler J Albert, Sarah Bastawrous, Gregory J Raugi, Jan V Hirschmann
A 62-year-old man developed a scalp rash 2 months ago, followed by bilateral eyelid swelling. The nonpruritic rash then spread to involve most of his skin. He also had fatigue, muscle weakness, mild muscle soreness with activity, and dysphagia for solid foods for the last 3 weeks. He had no other symptoms. He had a 50 pack-year history of smoking and drank two to three shots of alcohol daily.
March 2015: Chest
Nobuyuki Eura, Kazuma Sugie, Takao Kiriyama, Satoshi Ueno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Na Ri Kim, Eon Jeong Nam, Jong Wan Kang, Hyun Seok Song, Churl Hyun Im, Young Mo Kang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We investigated the electromyography (EMG) findings and demographic, clinical, and laboratory features that may predict the development of malignancy in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). METHODS: In total, 61 patients, 36 with dermatomyositis and 25 with polymyositis, were included. Patients were divided into those with and without malignancies, and comparisons were made between the groups in terms of their demographic, clinical, laboratory, and EMG findings...
November 2014: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Junko Kusano, Yuka Takahashi, Yoshikata Misaki, Norihiko Murai
Dermatomyositis (DM) is one of the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies caused by complement-mediated vasculopathy or vasculitis in the muscle. Although the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa has been reported to be involved as a result of vasculitis or vasculopathy, ulceration in the pharynx is a rare manifestation of DM. A 54-year-old woman complaining of muscle weakness in the extremities, low-grade fever, and dysphagia was diagnosed as having DM. Despite medical treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents, her DM progressed rapidly, leading to exacerbation of the dysphagia...
2014: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Bruno Fernandes Sanches, Teresa Martins, Maria José Santos, Paula Azeredo
Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare autoimmune disease, characterised by a systemic capillary vasculopathy that typically affects skin and muscle. Gastrointestinal involvement is relatively rare. We report the case of an 11-year-old girl admitted for investigation of skin rash, progressive symmetric proximal muscle weakness, dysphagia and weight loss. The diagnosis of JDM was confirmed and during hospitalisation the patient developed abrupt and intense right hypocondrium pain associated with nausea and vomiting...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Levente Bodoki, Melinda Nagy-Vincze, Zoltán Griger, Zoe Betteridge, Lászlóné Szöllősi, Katalin Dankó
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are chronic systemic autoimmune diseases characterised by symmetrical, proximal muscle weakness. Dermatomyositis represents one subset of IIMs, in which skin rashes are present in addition to muscle weakness. Myositis-specific antibodies can only be detected in myositis, and they are directed against specific proteins found in the cytoplasm or in the nucleus of cells. With this case-based article, we introduce the recently detected anti-TIF1γ, anti-NXP2, anti-SAE and anti-MDA5 antibodies that form various clinical groups...
December 2014: Autoimmunity Reviews
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