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Yan Wang, Peng Zhao, Dongmeng Qian, Ming Hu, Li Zhang, Hailei Shi, Bin Wang
Glioblastoma is the most common and malignant tumour that occurs primarily in nervous system and has a high morbidity. Research on glioblastoma has recently focused on human cytomegalovirus, belonging to the beta subfamily of Herpesviridae that plays crucial roles in cancer development and progression. This study aimed to investigate the role of human cytomegalovirus-associated microRNA-613 in glioblastoma. In this study, we demonstrate that microRNA-613 expression was frequently reduced in human cytomegalovirus-positive glioblastoma specimens/cells compared with human cytomegalovirus-negative glioblastoma tissue/cells, and a significant correlation was observed between the reduction in microRNA-613 expression and the presence of unfavourable variables, including tumour size (p = 0...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Akihiro Fujikawa, Hajime Sugawara, Taisaku Tanaka, Masahito Matsumoto, Kazuya Kuboyama, Ryoko Suzuki, Naomi Tanga, Atsuto Ogata, Makoto Masumura, Masaharu Noda
The R5 subfamily of receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) comprises PTPRZ and PTPRG. A recent study on primary human glioblastomas suggested a close association between PTPRZ1 (human PTPRZ) expression and cancer stemness. However, the functional roles of PTPRZ activity in glioma stem cells have remained unclear. In the present study, we found that sphere-forming cells from the rat C6 and human U251 glioblastoma cell lines showed high expression levels of PTPRZ-B, the short receptor isoform of PTPRZ...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Bin Lu, Yue Zhou, Zhongzhou Su, Ai Yan, Peng Ding
Glioma is one of the most common types of tumor of the central nervous system. Increased expression of C‑C motif chemokine 2 (CCL2) has previously been observed in various types of cancer. The effect of CCL2 small interfering (si)RNA on the proliferation, angiogenesis and apoptosis of the glioma cell line U251 was investigated in the present study. Data on CCL2 expression in glioma and normal tissues were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas. A total of 30 patients with glioma were enrolled in the present study...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Dejun Wu, Bing Zhao, Xiaoyu Cao, Jinghai Wan
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently been identified in mammals as new modulators of cancer origin and progression participating in various cellular pro-cesses. Long intergenic non-coding RNA for kinase activation (LINK-A), belonging to one of the intergenic lncRNAs, was reported to regulate signaling pathways correlated with triple-negative breast cancer. However, the expression and the functional role of LINK-A in glioma are still unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that LINK-A was upregulated in human glioma cells compared with the expression noted in normal astrocytes...
July 12, 2017: Oncology Reports
Bin Li, Fei Wang, Ningtao Liu, Wen Shen, Tao Huang
Glioma is one of the most common primary brain tumors in adults with a high mortality rate and relapse rate. Thus, finding better effective approaches to treat glioma has become very urgent. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV), the major active triterpenoid in Radix Astragali, has shown anti-tumorigenic properties in certain cancers. However, its role in glioma remains unclear. Here, we studied the effects of AS-IV on glioma in vitro and in vivo, and explored the underlying mechanisms. Our results revealed that AS-IV dose-dependently inhibited the proliferation of U251 cells in vitro and attenuated tumor growth in vivo...
July 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Wenbo Sun, Hua Yan, Chunfa Qian, Chenhan Wang, Mengjie Zhao, Yuchi Liu, Yujie Zhong, Hongyi Liu, Hong Xiao
Glioma is a primary malignancy in central nervous system. Radiotherapy has been used as one of the standard treatments for glioma for decades. Since radioresistance can reduce the curative efficacy of radiotherapy in glioma, investigating the cause of radioresistance and predicting the tumour radiosensibility appeared particularly important. We previously reported that CFL1 and PGK1 are over-expressed in radioresistant U251 glioma cells. In this study, the level of CFL1 and PGK1 of 113 glioma tissues were measured by ELISA method...
July 5, 2017: Oncotarget
Jiao Zhao, He Ma, Leitao Wu, Liang Cao, Qianqian Yang, Haijun Dong, Zongren Wang, Jing Ma, Zhen Li
Several studies have indicated that microgravity can influence cellular progression, proliferation, and apoptosis in tumor cell lines. In this study, we observed that simulated microgravity inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in U251 malignant glioma (U251MG) cells. Furthermore, expression of the apoptosis-associated proteins, p21 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2), was upregulated and downregulated, respectively, following exposure to simulated microgravity. These findings indicate that simulated microgravity inhibits proliferation while inducing apoptosis of U251MG cells...
July 13, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Chunyan Hao, Hubin Duan, Hao Li, Mingyang Pei, Yueting Liu, Yimin Fan, Ce Zhang
The Ankyrin repeat domain 49 (ANKRD49) is an evolutionarily conserved protein, which is related to mediate protein-protein interaction. However, the function of ANKRD49 in human glioma remains elusive. Through mining The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, we found that the expression of ANKRD49 was increased in glioma tissues and that high expression of ANKRD49 was strongly associated with high disease grade and poor overall survival. To investigate the role of ANKRD49 in malignant glioma, lentivirus expressing shRNA targeting ANKRD49 was constructed in U251 and U87 malignant glioma cells...
July 10, 2017: Bioscience Reports
Wei-Na Wu, Hao Wu, Yuan Wang, Xian-Jie Mao, Xiao-Lei Zhao, Zhou-Qing Xu, Yun-Chang Fan, Zhi-Hong Xu
A coumarin-based sensor C1, namely 3-acetoacetylcoumarin was designed, synthesized and applied for hydrazine detection. Hydrazinolysis of the chemosensor gives a fluorescent coumarin-pyrazole product C1-N2H4 [3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)coumarin], and thus resulting in a prominent fluorescence off-on response toward hydrazine under physiological conditions. The probe is highly selective toward hydrazine over cations, anions and other biologically/environmentally abundant analytes. The detection limit of the probe is 3...
July 3, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Wen He, Zikai Zhao, Awais Anees, Yunchuan Li, Usama Ashraf, Zheng Chen, Yunfeng Song, Huanchun Chen, Shengbo Cao, Jing Ye
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) targets central nervous system, resulting in neuroinflammation with typical features of neuronal death along with hyper activation of glial cells. Exploring the mechanisms responsible for the JEV-caused inflammatory response remains a pivotal area of research. In the present study, we have explored the function of p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) in JEV-mediated inflammatory response in human astrocytes. The results showed that JEV infection enhances the phosphorylation of PAK4 in U251 cells and mouse brain...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Mingze Chang, Lin Qiao, Bin Li, Juanhong Wang, Gejuan Zhang, Wenzhen Shi, Zhiqin Liu, Naibing Gu, Zhengli Di, Xinlai Wang, Ye Tian
microRNA-33a (miR-33a) belongs to the miR-33 family that is implicated in the progression of various types of cancers. Aberrant expression of miR-33a has been detected in several human cancers, and has been shown to regulate the migration and invasion as well as proliferation and apoptosis of tumor cells. However, the clinical significance and precise mechanisms underlying the dysfunction of miR-33a in glioma have not been well investigated in previous studies. In this study, overexpression of miR-33a was observed in clinical glioma specimens and cell lines...
July 3, 2017: Oncology Reports
Taeryool Koo, Bong Jun Cho, Dan Hyo Kim, Ji Min Park, Eun Jung Choi, Hans H Kim, David J Lee, In Ah Kim
MicroRNA-200c (miR-200c) recently was found to have tumor-suppressive properties by inhibiting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in several cancers. miR-200c also interacts with various cellular signaling molecules and regulates many important signaling pathways. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of miR-200c and its mechanism in a panel of human cancer cell lines. Malignant glioma (U251, T98G), breast cancer (MDA-MB-468), and lung carcinoma (A549) cells were transfected with control pre-microRNA, pre-miR-200c, or anti-miR-200c...
July 3, 2017: Oncotarget
Qiu-Sheng Zhang, Meng Zhang, Xian-Jian Huang, Xiao-Jia Liu, Wei-Ping Li
The purpose of this study was to further evaluate the role of myxoma virus (MYXV) as an oncolytic agent against experimental human gliomas in vitro, and analyze the effect of MYXV on malignant glioma cells at different incubation periods and infected at different multiplicities of infection. Neuroglioma cell lines U251 and A172 were cultured with various infective doses of myxoma virus at different time points (0-3 days) and cellular survival rates were evaluated using an MTT assay. Cell viability and cell death rates were assessed using Annexin V/propidium iodide and applying flow cytometry...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Tianda Feng, Yunhui Liu, Chao Li, Zhen Li, Heng Cai
Astrocytic tumors are the most common neuroepithelial neoplasms with high relapse rate after surgery. Understanding the molecular mechanisms for astrocytic tumorigenesis and progression will lead to early diagnosis and effective treatment of astrocytic tumors. The DEK mRNA and protein expression in normal brain tissues and astrocytic tumors was quantified. To investigate DEK functions in tumor cells, DEK gene was silenced with siRNA in U251 glioblastoma cells. Cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis were then measured...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Jinkui Wang, Zhenlong Yu, Chao Wang, Xiangge Tian, Xiaokui Huo, Yan Wang, Chengpeng Sun, Lei Feng, Jing Ma, Baojing Zhang, Qining Yang, Xiaochi Ma, Yinghui Xu
Dehydrocostus lactone (DHE), a natural sesquiterpene lactone, has been used for treatment of various diseases with its anti-inflammatory activity. Recently, it has caused extensive interest in researchers due to it has anti-cancer abilities in some types of carcinomas. However, the anti-cancer effect and mechanism of DHE in glioma remains unclear. The present study conducted to determine the biological effects of DHE on the glioblastoma cells, as well as the mechanisms underlying these effects. After treatment with DHE, the glioblastoma (U118, U251 or U87) cells were significantly inhibited in their viability, proliferation and migration...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
Hongwei Li, Xiaoli Yuan, Dongming Yan, Dongpeng Li, Fangxia Guan, Yang Dong, Hao Wang, Xianzhi Liu, Bo Yang
BACKGROUND/AIM: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is largely responsible for the failure of chemotherapy. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript (MALAT1) has been reported to be closely related to tumor biology. In the present study, whether MALAT1 contributes to the resistance of glioblastoma cell lines to temozolomide (TMZ) was investigated. METHODS: The glioblastoma cell lines U251 and U87 were exposed to increasing concentrations of TMZ to generate TMZ-resistant colonies (the U251/TMZ and U87/TMZ cell lines)...
July 3, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Xing Guo, Shugang Xu, Xiao Gao, Jian Wang, Hao Xue, Zihang Chen, Jinsen Zhang, Xiaofan Guo, Mingyu Qian, Wei Qiu, Gang Li
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is over-expressed and secreted in various cancer cells in particular in response to hypoxia. Recent studies have shown that, under hypoxic conditions, glioblastoma (GBM) cells display the ability to drive blood-perfused vasculogenic mimicry (VM). The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanism of MIF in the regulation of hypoxia-induced VM in GBM cells. By analyzing clinical specimens, we observed the co-localization of MIF, C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and VM in hypoxic regions of gliomas...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
Yan Li, Xiaolin Ma, Yanpeng Wang, Guohua Li
microRNA-489 (miR-489), a newly identified tumor-related miRNA, functions as an oncogene or tumor suppressor via regulating growth and metastasis of human cancers. But, the clinical significance, biological function and underlying mechanisms of miR-489 in glioma remain rarely known. Here, we showed that the levels of miR-489 in glioma tissues were notably underexpressed compared to corresponding non-tumor tissues. In accordance, the relative levels of miR-489 were decreased in glioma cell lines compared with NHA cells...
June 27, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Luis D Pedro-Hernández, Elena Martínez-Klimova, Sandra Cortez-Maya, Sonia Mendoza-Cardozo, Teresa Ramírez-Ápan, Marcos Martínez-García
Ibuprofen has been reported to possess anticancer activity. In the present work, four ibuprofen conjugates of resorcinarene-Polyamidoamine PAMAM-dendrimers were synthesized with eight or 16 ibuprofen moieties. The ibuprofen was released from the dendrimers in a dependent manner. The drug-conjugated nanoresorcinarene-dendrimers showed higher cellular uptake than free ibuprofen. In vitro cytotoxicity studies were performed with free ibuprofen and with the synthesized conjugates in U251, PC-3, K-562, HCT-15, MCF-7, SKLU-1, and MDA U251 (human glioblastoma), PC-3 (human prostatic adenocarcinoma), K-562 (human chronic myelogenous leukemia cells), HCT-15 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma), MCF-7 (human mammary adenocarcinoma), SKLU-1 (human lung adenocarcinoma), and MDA-MB-231 (human mammary adenocarcinoma) cancer cell lines by different cytotoxicity assays...
June 30, 2017: Nanomaterials
Fengyuan Che, Jiawei Yin, Yanchun Quan, Xiaoli Xie, Xueyuan Heng, Yifeng Du, Lijuan Wang
Despite advances in treatment modalities, 5-year survival among glioma patients remains poor. Glioma cancer stem cells (CSCs) exhibit high tumorigenic activity and are associated with resistance to treatment and tumor recurrence. Because overexpression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) correlated with cancer development, we investigated LPS-induced TLR4 signaling in glioma CD133-positive (CD133+) CSCs. The proliferation of CD133+ CSCs isolated from CSCs derived from the U251 and SF295 glioma cell lines and from human glioma samples was upregulated on a time- and concentration-dependent basis by LPS stimulation, with increases in CD133, NANOG, and NESTIN mRNA and protein levels...
June 21, 2017: Oncotarget
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