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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926485/axitinib-induces-senescence-associated-cell-death-and-necrosis-in-glioma-cell-lines-the-proteasome-inhibitor-bortezomib-potentiates-axitinib-induced-cytotoxicity-in-a-p21-waf-cip1-dependent-manner
#1
Maria Beatrice Morelli, Consuelo Amantini, Massimo Nabissi, Claudio Cardinali, Matteo Santoni, Giovanni Bernardini, Angela Santoni, Giorgio Santoni
Glioblastoma is associated with a poor overall survival despite new treatment advances. Antiangiogenic strategies targeting VEGF based on tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are currently undergoing extensive research for the treatment of glioma.Herein we demonstrated that the TKI axitinib induces DNA damage response (DDR) characterized by γ-H2AX phosphorylation and Chk1 kinase activation leading to G2/M cell cycle arrest and mitotic catastrophe in U87, T98 and U251 glioma cell lines. Moreover, we found that p21(Waf1/Cip1) increased levels correlates with induction of ROS and senescence-associated cell death in U87 and T98 cell lines, which are reverted by N-acetyl cysteine pretreatment...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916196/adaptive-activation-of-a-stress-response-pathway-improves-learning-and-memory-through-gs-and-%C3%AE-arrestin-1-regulated-lactate-metabolism
#2
Jun-Hong Dong, Yi-Jing Wang, Min Cui, Xiao-Jing Wang, Wen-Shuai Zheng, Ming-Liang Ma, Fan Yang, Dong-Fang He, Qiao-Xia Hu, Dao-Lai Zhang, Shang-Lei Ning, Chun-Hua Liu, Chuan Wang, Yue Wang, Xiang-Yao Li, Fan Yi, Amy Lin, Alem W Kahsai, Thomas Joseph Cahill, Zhe-Yu Chen, Xiao Yu, Jin-Peng Sun
BACKGROUND: Stress is a conserved physiological response in mammals. Whereas moderate stress strengthens memory to improve reactions to previously experienced difficult situations, too much stress is harmful. METHODS: We used specific β-adrenergic agonists, as well as β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) and arrestin knockout models, to study the effects of adaptive β2AR activation on cognitive function using Morris water maze and object recognition experiments. We used molecular and cell biological approaches to elucidate the signaling subnetworks...
October 13, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911270/saha-and-or-mg132-reverse-the-aggressive-phenotypes-of-glioma-cells-an-in-vitro-and-vivo-study
#3
Xue-Feng Yang, Zhi-Juan Zhao, Jia-Jie Liu, Xiang-Hong Yang, Yang Gao, Shuang Zhao, Shuai Shi, Ke-Qiang Huang, Hua-Chuan Zheng
To elucidate the anti-tumor effects and molecular mechanisms of SAHA (a histone deacetylase inhibitor) and MG132 (a proteasome inhibitor) on the aggressive phenotypes of glioma cells, we treated U87 and U251 cells with SAHA or/and MG132, and detected phenotypes' assays with phenotype-related molecules examined. It was found that SAHA or/and MG132 treatment suppressed proliferation in both concentration- and time-dependent manners, inhibited energy metabolism, migration, invasion and lamellipodia formation, and induced G2 arrest and apoptosis in the glioma cells...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909720/tetrandrine-inhibits-glioma-stem-like-cells-by-repressing-%C3%AE-catenin-expression
#4
Yong Zhang, Yu-Lin Wen, Ji-Wei Ma, Jie-Cheng Ye, Xiao Wang, Jian-Xian Huang, Chao-Yue Meng, Xiao-Ze Xu, Shao-Xiang Wang, Xue-Yun Zhong
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) in glioma are often responsible for relapse and resistance to therapy. The purpose of the present study was to confirm the self-renewal and migration inhibitory effects of tetrandrine (Tet), which is a compound extracted from the dried root of Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, toward glioma stem-like cells (GSLCs) and to examine the associated molecular mechanisms. Using a neurosphere culture technique, we enriched the GSLC population from the human glioblastoma cell lines U87 and U251...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907160/as1411-induced-growth-inhibition-of-glioma-cells-by-up-regulation-of-p53-and-down-regulation-of-bcl-2-and-akt1-via-nucleolin
#5
Ye Cheng, Gang Zhao, Siwen Zhang, Fares Nigim, Guangtong Zhou, Zhiyun Yu, Yang Song, Yong Chen, Yunqian Li
AS1411 binds nucleolin (NCL) and is the first oligodeoxynucleotide aptamer to reach phase I and II clinical trials for the treatment of several cancers. However, the mechanisms by which AS1411 targets and kills glioma cells and tissues remain unclear. Here we report that AS1411 induces cell apoptosis and cycle arrest, and inhibits cell viability by up-regulation of p53 and down-regulation of Bcl-2 and Akt1 in human glioma cells. NCL was overexpressed in both nucleus and cytoplasm in human glioma U87, U251 and SHG44 cells compared to normal human astrocytes (NHA)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905892/mir-491-regulates-glioma-cells-proliferation-by-targeting-trim28-in-vitro
#6
Zengxin Qi, Shengyong Cai, Jiajun Cai, Lingchao Chen, Yu Yao, Liang Chen, Ying Mao
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs are significantly involved in tumorigenesis and progression of glioma. However, the critical part they play in glioma have not been fully elaborated. miR-491 and Tripartite motif containing 28 (TRIM28) are reported to aberrantly express in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Here, we detected miR-491 and TRIM28 expression and function in glioma cells. METHODS: We analyzed miR-491 expressions in 20 primary human GBM tissues and 6 control brain tissues by qRT-PCR assays and searched for The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database...
December 1, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900021/inhibition-of-pttg1-expression-by-microrna-suppresses-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-of-malignant-glioma-cells
#7
Xing Su, Jianguo Chen, Lanchun Ni, Wei Shi, Jinlong Shi, Xiaojiang Liu, Yu Zhang, Peipei Gong, Hui Zhu, Qingfeng Huang
The present study aimed to investigate the role of pituitary tumor-transforming gene 1 (PTTG1) in the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of human malignant glioma U251 cells. Firstly, 2 microRNAs (miRNAs) targeting PTTG1 messenger (m)RNA were ligated into a pcDNA6.2-GW/EmGFP-miR expression vector. The recombinant plasmids, miRNA-1 and miRNA-2 (miR-2), were transfected into U251 cells using the liposome method. PTTG1 mRNA and protein levels were evaluated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896672/mir-15b-inhibits-the-progression-of-glioblastoma-cells-through-targeting-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptor-1
#8
Jian Wang, Huaqiang Liu, Lin Tian, Fachen Wang, Liangbo Han, Wei Zhang, Yun-An Bai
The microRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested as a tumor suppressor in recent years. miR-15b was reported to exert an anti-oncogenic role in the proliferation, migration, and invasion of diverse tumor cells. However, the mechanisms underlying miR-15b-mediated biology of glioblastoma are still unclear. In the present study, the expression of miR-15b was down-regulated in glioblastoma tumor tissues and U87 and U251 cells, but insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 (IGF1R) expression became up-regulated in these tumor tissues and cells (all p < 0...
November 28, 2016: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893419/silver-nanoparticles-enhance-the-sensitivity-of-temozolomide-on-human-glioma-cells
#9
Ping Liang, Hongming Shi, Weiguo Zhu, Qunfeng Gui, Ya Xu, Jianfeng Meng, Xiaoyuan Guo, Zhuang Gong, Huaqun Chen
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) continues to be associated with a dismal prognosis despite aggressive treatment. Significant efforts are being made to develop new nanotechnology-based therapeutic and diagnostic agents. Nanoparticles can act directly on cancer cells or as drug carriers to enhance the cancer therapeutic effect. In this study, we investigated the effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on human glioma U251 cells and its role in the combinational use with Temozolomide (TMZ), an imidazotetrazine derivative of the alkylating agent dacarbazine, against glioma cells...
November 22, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891063/cell-division-cycle-7-kinase-inhibitor-pha-767491-hydrochloride-suppresses-glioblastoma-growth-and-invasiveness
#10
Zubeyde Erbayraktar, Begum Alural, Resat Serhat Erbayraktar, Erdogan Pekcan Erkan
BACKGROUND: Genomic instability is a hallmark of cancer cells, and this cellular phenomenon can emerge as a result of replicative stress. It is possible to take advantage of replicative stress, and enhance it in a targeted way to fight cancer cells. One of such strategies involves targeting the cell division cycle 7-related protein kinase (CDC7), a protein with key roles in regulation of initiation of DNA replication. CDC7 overexpression is present in different cancers, and small molecule inhibitors of the CDC7 have well-documented anti-tumor effects...
2016: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890797/3-bromopyruvate-treatment-induces-alterations-of-metabolic-and-stress-related-pathways-in-glioblastoma-cells
#11
Davide Chiasserini, Magdalena Davidescu, Pier Luigi Orvietani, Federica Susta, Lara Macchioni, Maya Petricciuolo, Emilia Castigli, Rita Roberti, Luciano Binaglia, Lanfranco Corazzi
: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive brain tumours of adults. The metabolic phenotype of GBM cells is highly dependent on glycolysis; therefore, therapeutic strategies aimed at interfering with glycolytic pathways are under consideration. 3-Bromopyruvate (3BP) is a potent antiglycolytic agent, with a variety of targets and possible effects on global cell metabolism. Here we analyzed the changes in protein expression on a GBM cell line (GL15 cells) caused by 3BP treatment using a global proteomic approach...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889779/tanshinone-iia-affects-autophagy-and-apoptosis-of-glioma-cells-by-inhibiting-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-akt-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-signaling-pathway
#12
Lijuan Ding, Shudong Wang, Weiyao Wang, Peng Lv, Donghai Zhao, Feier Chen, Tianjiao Meng, Lihua Dong, Ling Qi
OBJECTIVE: To test the effects of Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) on cell viability, cycle, apoptosis, and autophagy of human glioma cell U251 by regulating phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signal pathway. METHODS: Tan IIA and PI3K agonist (740 Y-P) were used to treat glioma cells U251. MTT assay was used to assess cell viability and flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis and cell cycle. The expressions of apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2 and Bax), autophagy-related proteins (LC3B and Beclin 1) and PI3K/Akt/mTOR signal pathway-associated proteins (p-PI3K, p-Akt and p-mTOR) were evaluated by Western blotting...
November 26, 2016: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875907/chemical-constituents-from-the-roots-of-tripterygium-wilfordii-and-their-cytotoxic-activity
#13
Chang Gao, Li-Li Lou, Di Wang, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Shao-Jiang Song
In our ongoing search for bioactive constituents, a new sesquiterpene polyol ester, named triptersinine U (1), together with five known triterpenes (2-6) and seven sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloids (7-13), were isolated from the roots of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. Their chemical structures were elucidated using extensive spectroscopic analyses, including 1D and 2D NMR, and HRESIMS, as well as comparison with previously reported data. Cytotoxic activities of all compounds 1-13 were evaluated against six human tumor cell lines (HepG2, Hep3B, Bcap37, U251, MCF-7 and A549) using the MTT in vitro assay...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866816/nitric-oxide-donating-derivatives-of-hederacolchiside-a1-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-as-potential-anticancer-agents
#14
Yuanying Fang, Rikang Wang, Mingzhen He, Hesong Huang, Qi Wang, Zunhua Yang, Yan Li, Shilin Yang, Yi Jin
A series of nitric oxide (NO) donating derivatives of hederacolchiside A1 bearing triterpenoid saponin motif were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity. All of the tested furoxan-based NO releasing compounds showed significant proliferation inhibitory activities. Especially compound 6a exhibited strong cytotoxicity (IC50=1.6-6.5μM) against four human tumor cell lines (SMMC-7721, NCI-H460, U251, HCT-116) in vitro and the highest level of NO releasing. Furthermore, compound 6a was revealed low acute toxicity to mice and weak haemolytic activity with potent tumor growth inhibition against mice H22 hepatocellular cells in vivo (51...
November 10, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864281/lipoprotein-lipase-and-phospholipid-transfer-protein-overexpression-in-human-glioma-cells-and-their-effect-on-cell-growth-apoptosis-and-migration
#15
Weijiang Dong, Huilin Gong, Guanjun Zhang, Simona Vuletic, John Albers, Jiaojiao Zhang, Hua Liang, Yanxia Sui, Jin Zheng
Glioma is one of the common tumors in brain. The expression level of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) or phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) may influence glioma progression and its relationship with clinical and pathological parameters. The clinical significance of LPL or PLTP expression in glioma has not been established. In the present study, the LPL and PLTP levels in glioma tumors were investigated and the relationship between the LPL and PLTP level and the grade of malignant glioma was analyzed, with the aim to provide new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of gliomas in clinical and basic research settings...
November 17, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862991/down-regulation-of-microrna-320d-predicts-poor-overall-survival-and-promotes-the-growth-and-invasive-abilities-in-glioma
#16
Chong-Zhen Qin, Qiao-Li Lv, Yan-Tao Yang, Jing-Min Zhang, Xiao-Jian Zhang, Hong-Hao Zhou
Previous studies have demonstrated that miRNAs play an important role in tumor development and progression. The role of miR-320d has been studied in several cancers except for glioma. The aim of the study was to investigate the expression levels, biological function, and mechanism of miR-320d in glioma. The expression levels of miR-320d were detected in glioma tissues and cell lines (U87 and U251) by RT-qPCR. Cell proliferation, colony formation, apoptosis, cell cycle and transwell assays were performed in glioma cell lines transfected with miR-320d mimics or controls to evaluate the effects of miR-320d in vitro...
November 12, 2016: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858266/reverse-phase-protein-arrays-enable-glioblastoma-molecular-subtyping
#17
Gregor Hutter, Martin Sailer, Tej Deepak Azad, André O von Bueren, Peter Nollau, Stephan Frank, Cristobal Tostado, Durga Sarvepalli, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Marie-Françoise Ritz, Jean-Louis Boulay, Luigi Mariani
In the present study we investigated the phosphorylation status of the 12 most important signaling cascades in glioblastomas. More than 60 tumor and control biopsies from tumor center and periphery (based on neuronavigation) were subjected to selective protein expression analysis using reverse-phase protein arrays (RPPA) incubated with antibodies against posttranslationally modified cancer pathway proteins. The ratio between phosphorylated (or modified) and non-phosphorylated protein was assessed. All samples were histopathologically validated and proteomic profiles correlated with clinical and survival data...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832326/silencing-of-histone-deacetylase-2-suppresses-malignancy-for-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-glioblastoma-cells-and-enhances-temozolomide-sensitivity
#18
Zhiqiang Zhang, Yunmin Wang, Jiehan Chen, Qijia Tan, Caijun Xie, Cong Li, Wengang Zhan, Mei Wang
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) can regulate the progression of various cancers, while their roles in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are not well known. Our present study investigated the expression of class I HDACs (HDAC1, 2, 3, 8) in GBM U87, A172, U251, and LN229 cells and compared their levels with that in primary normal human astrocytes (NHA) cells. It showed that HDAC2 expression is significantly up-regulated in GBM cells. Silencing of HDAC2 via its specific siRNAs can suppress the in vitro proliferation, migration, and invasion of GBM U87 and A172 cells...
November 10, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829996/down-regulation-of-long-non-coding-rna-foxd3-antisense-rna-1-foxd3-as1-inhibits-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-malignant-glioma-cells
#19
Zhen-Hua Chen, Hong-Kang Hu, Chen-Ran Zhang, Cheng-Yin Lu, Yi Bao, Zheng Cai, Yong-Xiang Zou, Guo-Han Hu, Lei Jiang
Growing evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play key roles in cancer initiation and progression. However, little is known about the therapeutic significance of lncRNAs in glioma. In this study, we explored the tumorigenic role of a classical lncRNA, FOXD3 antisense RNA 1 (FOXD3-AS1) in glioma. Systemic analysis of the patient specimens and clinical data showed that FOXD3-AS1 was markedly up-regulated in high-grade glioma tissues (WHO grade III-IV) compared with that in low-grade glioma (WHO grade I-II) and normal brain tissues (both P<0...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818246/autophagy-suppression-sensitizes-glioma-cells-to-imp-dehydrogenase-inhibition-induced-apoptotic-death
#20
Andjelka M Isakovic, Marija Dulovic, Ivanka Markovic, Tamara Kravic-Stevovic, Vladimir Bumbasirevic, Vladimir Trajkovic, Aleksandra Isakovic
We investigated the role of autophagy, a process of controlled self-digestion, in the in vitro anticancer action of the inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) inhibitor ribavirin. Ribavirin-triggered oxidative stress, caspase activation, and apoptotic death in U251 human glioma cells were associated with the induction of autophagy, as confirmed by intracellular acidification, appearance of autophagic vesicles, conversion of microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-I to autophagosome-associated LC3-II, and degradation of autophagic target p62/sequestosome 1...
November 3, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
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