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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225516/hedgehog-gli1-signaling-pathway-regulates-mgmt-expression-and-chemoresistance-to-temozolomide-in-human-glioblastoma
#1
Ke Wang, Dongjiang Chen, Zhouqi Qian, Daming Cui, Liang Gao, Meiqing Lou
Background: Chemoresistance of glioblastoma (GBM) is a feature of this devastating disease. This study is to determine the relationship between Hedgehog (HH)/Gli1 signaling pathway and chemoresistance to temozolomide (TMZ) in human GBM. Methods: We analyzed Gli1 nuclear staining and O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) expression in 48 cases of primary GBM tissues by immunohistochemistry. Quantitative PCR, western blot, methylation-specific PCR, cell proliferation and apoptosis assay were used to investigate changes of MGMT expression and chemosensitivity to TMZ after manipulating HH/Gli1 signaling activity in A172 and U251 GBM cell lines...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224008/mirnas-mediate-gdnf-induced-proliferation-and-migration-of-glioma-cells
#2
Bao-Le Zhang, Fu-Lu Dong, Ting-Wen Guo, Xiao-He Gu, Lin-Yan Huang, Dian-Shuai Gao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is an important factor promoting invasive glioma growth. This study was performed to reveal a unique mechanism of glioma cell proliferation and migration. METHODS: Human U251 glioma cells were used to screen the optimal GDNF concentration and treatment time to stimulate proliferation and migration. MicroRNA (MiRNA) expression profiles were detected by microarray and confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
December 8, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220380/hexokinase-2-hk2-the-tumor-promoter-in-glioma-is-downregulated-by-mir-218-bmi1-pathway
#3
Hui Liu, Nan Liu, Yingduan Cheng, Weilin Jin, Pengxing Zhang, Xin Wang, Hongwei Yang, Xiaoshan Xu, Zhen Wang, Yanyang Tu
In cancer, glycolysis driving enzymes and their regulating microRNAs are one of the key focus of oncology research lately. The glycolytic enzyme hexokinase 2 (HK2) is crucial for the Warburg effect in human glioma, the most common malignant brain tumor. In the present study, we studied the tumorigenic role of HK2 in glioma, and clarified the mechanism of miR-218 induced HK2 regulation in glioma development. The HK2 expression in patient derived glioma and non neoplastic brain tissue was quantified. The HK2 silenced U87 and U251 cell lines were assessed for their proliferation, migration and invasive potential in vitro, while the tumor forming potential of U87 cells was evaluated in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212798/the-gsk3-kinase-inhibitor-lithium-produces-unexpected-hyperphosphorylation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-a-gsk3-substrate-in-human-glioblastoma-cells
#4
Ata Ur Rahman Mohammed Abdul, Bhagya De Silva, Ronald K Gary
Lithium salt is a classic glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) inhibitor. Beryllium is a structurally-related inhibitor that is more potent but relatively uncharacterized. This study examined the effects of these inhibitors on the phosphorylation of endogenous GSK3 substrates. In NIH-3T3 cells, both salts caused a decrease in phosphorylated glycogen synthase, as expected. GSK3 inhibitors produce enhanced phosphorylation of Ser9 of GSK3β via a positive feedback mechanism, and both salts elicited this enhancement...
December 6, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212069/cellular-effects-of-the-antiepileptic-drug-valproic-acid-in-glioblastoma
#5
Marita Eckert, Lukas Klumpp, Stephan Huber
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Valproic acid (VPA), an anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing drug is used to treat epileptic seizure of glioblastoma patients. Besides its antiepileptic activity, VPA has been attributed further functions that improve the clinical outcome of glioblastoma patients. Those comprise the inhibition of some histone deacetylase (HDAC) isoforms which reportedly may result in radiosensitization. Retrospective analysis of patient data, however, could not unequivocally confirm a prolonged survival of glioblastoma patients receiving VPA...
December 6, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207186/neuroglobin-promotes-the-proliferation-and-suppresses-the-apoptosis-of-glioma-cells-by-activating-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#6
Bei Zhang, Yong Liu, Yajun Li, Xiao Zhe, Shijun Zhang, Lei Zhang
Our previous study demonstrated that neuroglobin (Ngb) functions as an independent predictive indicator of the prognosis of patients with glioma and promotes cancer cell growth by suppressing apoptosis. However, the understanding of the mechanisms underlying the survival‑enhancing function of Ngb in glioma is limited. In the present study, KEGG PathwayFinder by gene correlation analysis was performed on the R2: Genomics Analysis and Visualization Platform, which revealed a high association between Ngb and the phosphatidylinositol 3‑kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway using glioma data (GSE4290) from the Gene Expression Omnibus database...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207169/daam1-activates-rhoa-to-regulate-wnt5a%C3%A2-induced-glioblastoma-cell-invasion
#7
Guiyang Liu, Ting Yan, Xiaorong Li, Jianhui Sun, Bo Zhang, Hongjie Wang, Yichao Zhu
The signaling pathway of dishevelled-associated activator of morphogenesis 1 (Daam1) triggered by Wnt5a drives cell movement and migration during breast cancer metastasis. However, Wnt5a signaling in glioblastoma progression remains poorly defined. Wnt5a expression and activations of RhoA, Cdc42, and Rac1 were detected in human glioblastoma tissues by using ELISA assays and small G-protein activation assays, respectively. The cell invasion rate and Daam1 activation of glioblastoma U251 and T98MG cells were determined by cell invasion assays and pull-down assays, respectively...
December 1, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190936/mir-145-inhibits-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-via-targeting-adam19-in-human-glioblastoma
#8
Xingqiang Wang, Enqin Wang, Jun Cao, Feng Xiong, Yonglin Yang, Haitao Liu
In recent years, increasing studies demonstrated that miR-145 plays a tumor suppressor role in many human cancers. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of miR-145 and A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase 19 (ADAM19) in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tissues and cells. Furthermore, we investigated the mechanisms underlying miR-145/ADAM19-induced GBM biology. Here, we found that miR-145 expression was down-regulated, while ADAM19 expression was up-regulated in GBM tissues and cells. Moreover, miR-145 mimics repressed U87 and U251 cell proliferation, migration and invasion...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186708/isogambogenic-acid-inhibits-the-growth-of-glioma-through-activation-of-the-ampk-mtor-pathway
#9
Wenyang Zhao, Fei Peng, Mengting Shu, Huailei Liu, Xu Hou, Xiaoxiong Wang, Junyi Ye, Boxian Zhao, Kaikai Wang, Chen Zhong, Linmeng Xue, Ming Gao, Yaohua Liu, Shiguang Zhao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Glioma is the most devastating cancer in the brain and has a poor prognosis in adults. Therefore, there is a critical need for novel therapeutic strategies for the management of glioma patients. Isogambogenic acid, an active compound extracted from the Chinese herb Garcinia hanburyi, induces autophagic cell death. METHODS: Cell viability was detected with MTT assays. Cell proliferation was assessed using the colony formation assay. Morphological changes associated with autophagy and apoptosis were tested by TEM and Hoechst staining, respectively...
November 30, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180328/-small-interfering-rna-mediated-%C3%AE-enolase-knockdown-suppresses-glycolysis-and-proliferation-of-human-glioma-u251-cells-in-vitro
#10
Qi-Sheng Luo, Huang-de Fu, Hai-Neng Huang, Hua-Dong Huang, Kun-Xiang Luo, Chuan-Yu Li, Cheng-Jian Qin, Xue-Yu Li, Hong-Cheng Luo, Jun-Li Wang, Qian-Li Tang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of α-enolase (ENO1) in regulating glucose metabolism and cell growth in human glioma cells. METHODS: Glucose uptake and lactate generation were assessed to evaluate the changes in glucose metabolism in human glioma U251 cells with small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated ENO1 knockdown. MTT assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining were used to examine the cell growth and cell cycle changes following siRNA transfection of the cells...
November 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179451/anti-cancer-effects-of-dopamine-in-human-glioma-involvement-of-mitochondrial-apoptotic-and-anti-inflammatory-pathways
#11
Yu-Long Lan, Xun Wang, Jin-Shan Xing, Zhen-Long Yu, Jia-Cheng Lou, Xiao-Chi Ma, Bo Zhang
Despite the emergence of innovative cancer treatment strategies, the global burden imposed by malignant glioma is expected to increase; thus, new approaches for treating the disease are urgently required. Dopamine, a monoamine catecholamine neurotransmitter, is currently regarded as an important endogenous regulator of tumor growth. Dopamine may play an important role in glioma treatment; however, the mechanism underlying the anti-tumor activity of dopamine remains poorly understood. Here, we explored the potential roles of dopamine in glioma and highlight the importance of endogenous regulators of tumor growth...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169175/bufalin-inhibits-cellular-proliferation-and-cancer-stem-cell-like-phenotypes-via-upregulation-of-mir-203-in-glioma
#12
Tao Liu, Chanji Wu, Guohu Weng, Zhongyan Zhao, Xiangying He, Chuanyi Fu, Zhiyan Sui, Shi-Xiong Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prior studies have shown that bufalin inhibits cellular proliferation and induces apoptosis in various human cancers. MicroRNA-203 (miR-203) has been shown to function as an important regulator of tumor progression at various stages. In this study, we investigated the effect of miR-203 expression and bufalin treatment on glioma cell proliferation and stem cell-like phenotypes. METHODS: We used cell viability assay, colony formation assay, cell apoptosis assay and neurosphere formation assay to dectect the treatment effect of bufalin on U251 and U87 cells...
November 23, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162448/intracellular-cholesterol-level-regulates-sensitivity-of-glioblastoma-cells-against-temozolomide-induced-cell-death-by-modulation-of-caspase-8-activation-via-death-receptor-5-accumulation-and-activation-in-the-plasma-membrane-lipid-raft
#13
Yutaro Yamamoto, Arata Tomiyama, Nobuyoshi Sasaki, Hideki Yamaguchi, Takuya Shirakihara, Katsuhiko Nakashima, Kosuke Kumagai, Satoru Takeuchi, Terushige Toyooka, Kojiro Wada, Yoshitaka Narita, Koichi Ichimura, Ryuichi Sakai, Hiroki Namba, Kentaro Mori
Development of resistance against temozolomide (TMZ) in glioblastoma (GBM) after continuous treatment with TMZ is one of the critical problems in clinical GBM therapy. Intracellular cholesterol regulates cancer cell biology, but whether intracellular cholesterol is involved in TMZ resistance of GBM cells remains unclear. The involvement of intracellular cholesterol in acquired resistance against TMZ in GBM cells was investigated. Intracellular cholesterol levels were measured in human U251 MG cells with acquired TMZ resistance (U251-R cells) and TMZ-sensitive control U251 MG cells (U251-Con cells), and found that the intracellular cholesterol level was significantly lower in U251-R cells than in U251-Con cells...
November 18, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156346/abcg2-mediated-suppression-of-chlorin-e6-accumulation-and-photodynamic-therapy-efficiency-in-glioblastoma-cell-lines-can-be-reversed-by-ko143
#14
Sara A Abdel Gaber, Patricia Müller, Wolfgang Zimmermann, Dirk Hüttenberger, Rainer Wittig, Mahmoud H Abdel Kader, Herbert Stepp
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of malignant brain tumors is a promising adjunct to standard treatment, especially if tumor stem cells thought to be responsible for tumor progression and therapy resistance were also susceptible to this kind of treatment. However, some photosensitizers have been reported to be substrates of ABCG2, one of the membrane transporters mediating resistance to chemotherapy. Here we investigate, whether inhibition of ABCG2 can restore sensitivity to photosensitizer chlorin e6-mediated PDT...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152141/notch1-ablation-radiosensitizes-glioblastoma-cells
#15
Na Han, Guangyuan Hu, Lei Shi, Guoxian Long, Lin Yang, Qingsong Xi, Qiuyun Guo, Jianhua Wang, Zhen Dong, Mengxian Zhang
Broad specific Notch1 inhibitors suppress glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) growth but have significant gastrointestinal toxicities. Here, we examined Notch1 expression in GBM tissue specimens and its correlation with the overall survival (OS) of GBM patients. Furthermore, using the CRISPR/Cas9 system, we investigated the effects of Notch1 downregulation on clonogenic growth and angiogenesis of GBM cells and xenografts. Immunohistochemistry showed positive Notch1 expression in 71% (49/69) of GBM tissues. Our multivariate Cox regression analysis further revealed that Notch1 expression was an independent adverse prognostic factor for OS...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150767/cell-migration-in-1d-and-2d-nanofiber-microenvironments
#16
Horacio M Estabridis, Aniket Jana, Amrinder Nain, David J Odde
Understanding how cells migrate in fibrous environments is important in wound healing, immune function, and cancer progression. A key question is how fiber orientation and network geometry influence cell movement. Here we describe a quantitative, modeling-based approach toward identifying the mechanisms by which cells migrate in fibrous geometries having well controlled orientation. Specifically, U251 glioblastoma cells were seeded onto non-electrospinning Spinneret based tunable engineering parameters fiber substrates that consist of networks of suspended 400 nm diameter nanofibers...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145888/tgf-%C3%AE-2-initiates-autophagy-via-smad-and-non-smad-pathway-to-promote-glioma-cells-invasion
#17
Chao Zhang, Xin Zhang, Ran Xu, Bin Huang, An-Jing Chen, Chao Li, Jian Wang, Xin-Gang Li
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is characterized by lethal aggressiveness and patients with GBM are in urgent need for new therapeutic avenues to improve quality of life. Current studies on tumor invasion focused on roles of cytokines in tumor microenvironment and numerous evidence suggests that TGF-β2 is abundant in glioma microenvironment and vital for glioma invasion. Autopagy is also emerging as a critical factor in aggressive behaviors of cancer cells; however, the relationship between TGF-β2 and autophagy in glioma has been poorly understood...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124481/improved-antitumor-efficacy-and-pharmacokinetics-of-bufalin-via-pegylated-liposomes
#18
Jiani Yuan, Xuanxuan Zhou, Wei Cao, Linlin Bi, Yifang Zhang, Qian Yang, Siwang Wang
Bufalin was reported to show strong pharmacological effects including cardiotonic, antiviral, immune-regulation, and especially antitumor effects. The objective of this study was to determine the characterization, antitumor efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of bufalin-loaded PEGylated liposomes compared with bufalin entity, which were prepared by FDA-approved pharmaceutical excipients. Bufalin-loaded PEGylated liposomes and bufalin-loaded liposomes were prepared reproducibly with homogeneous particle size by the combination of thin film evaporation method and high-pressure homogenization method...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120871/a-srsf1-self-binding-mechanism-restrains-mir505-3p-from-inhibiting-proliferation-of-neural-tumor-cell-lines
#19
Kan Yang, Li Tong, Kai Li, Yuxun Zhou, Junhua Xiao
Srsf1 has currently been demonstrated to be an oncogene that is precisely autoregulated for normal physiology. Although Mir505-3p has been reported as one of the regulatory miRNAs of Srsf1 in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF), the inhibitory effect of Mir505-3p on Srsf1 is poorly described in neural tumors. Whether SRSF1 autoregulation interferes with miRNA targeting on the Srsf1 transcript is unclear. In this work, we screened out one target site, out of three potential target sites on 3' UTR of Srsf1 transcript, that was required for Mir505-3p targeting...
November 8, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113309/macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-promotes-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-induced-by-hypoxia-via-cxcr4-akt-emt-pathway-in-human-glioblastoma-cells
#20
Xing Guo, Shugang Xu, Xiao Gao, Jian Wang, Hao Xue, Zihang Chen, Jinsen Zhang, Xiaofan Guo, Mingyu Qian, Wei Qiu, Gang Li
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is over-expressed and secreted in various cancer cells in particular in response to hypoxia. Recent studies have shown that, under hypoxic conditions, glioblastoma (GBM) cells display the ability to drive blood-perfused vasculogenic mimicry (VM). The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanism of MIF in the regulation of hypoxia-induced VM in GBM cells. By analyzing clinical specimens, we observed the co-localization of MIF, C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and VM in hypoxic regions of gliomas...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
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