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Qiyong Jiang, Yimin Liu, Shijuan Zhang, Naikun Li, Gaoling Sun
MiRNAs are emerging as important epigenetic modulators of multiple target genes, leading to abnormal cellular signaling involving cellular proliferation in cancers. Aberrant miRNA expression has been observed in human glioblastoma (GBM). The present study was to evaluate the expression and molecular mechanisms of COX-2 and miR-26b in human GBM tissues and GBM cell lines T98G, U87 and U251. In the present study, we found that expression of miR-26b was markedly downregulated in GBM cell lines and human GBM tissues, compared to matched non-tumor associated tissues...
October 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Ulysse Gimenez, Hélène Lajous, Michèle El Atifi, Marie Bidart, Vincent Auboiroux, Pascal Henry Fries, François Berger, Hana Lahrech
Cellular MRI, which visualizes magnetically labelled cells (cells*), is an active research field for in vivo cell therapy and tracking. The simultaneous relaxation rate measurements (R2 *, R2 , R1 ) are the basis of a quantitative cellular MRI method proposed here. U937 cells were labelled with Molday ION Rhodamine B, a bi-functional superparamagnetic and fluorescent nanoparticle (U937*). U937* viability and proliferation were not affected in vitro. In vitro relaxometry was performed in a cell concentration range of [2...
October 21, 2016: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Mikkel Staberg, Signe Regner Michaelsen, Rikke Darling Rasmussen, Mette Villingshøj, Hans Skovgaard Poulsen, Petra Hamerlik
PURPOSE: Glioblastoma (GBM) ranks among the deadliest solid cancers worldwide and its prognosis has remained dismal, despite the use of aggressive chemo-irradiation treatment regimens. Limited drug delivery into the brain parenchyma and frequent resistance to currently available therapies are problems that call for a prompt development of novel therapeutic strategies. While only displaying modest efficacies as mono-therapy in pre-clinical settings, histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have shown promising sensitizing effects to a number of cytotoxic agents...
October 20, 2016: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
Yuan Ren, Nan Ji, Xixiong Kang, Renzhi Wang, Wenbin Ma, Zhenjun Hu, Xingfeng Liu, Yajie Wang
Glioblastoma is a highly vascularized brain tumor that causes high mortality. Kininogen-1 (KNG1) has demonstrated both tumor suppressor and antiangiogenesis properties in gliobastoma cells. We analyzed the microarray and proteomic profiles of tumor tissues from glioblastoma patients (N = 180), and identified potential RNA regulators of the KNG1. Validation experiments in U87 glioblastoma cells showed that the regulation of KNG1 by CTU1, KIAA1274, and RAX was mediated by miR-138. The siRNA-mediated knockdown of CTU1, KIAA1274, or RAX in U87 cells and immortalized human endothelial cells (iHECs) significantly reduced KNG1 expression (P < 0...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Maneea Eizadi Sharifabad, Tim Mercer, Tapas Sen
Liposome-capped core-shell mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles called 'magnetic protocells' were prepared as novel nanocomposites and used for loading anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) for cellular toxicity study. Cytotoxicity of the magnetic protocells with or without DOX was tested in vitro on commercial MCF7 and U87 cell lines under alternating magnetic field. MCF7 cell line treated with the DOX-loaded nanoparticles under alternating magnetic field exhibited nearly 20% lower survival rate after 24 h compared with cells treated with free DOX and similarly, it was around 24% when applied to U87...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine
Chenran Zhang, Wei Meng, Jiajia Wang, Yicheng Lu, Guohan Hu, Liuhua Hu, Jie Ma
Retinoblastoma protein-interacting zinc-finger gene 1 (RIZ1), a strong tumor suppressor, is silenced in many human cancers. Our previous studies showed that RIZ1 expression was negatively correlated with the grade of glioma and was a key predictor of patient survival. Therefore, RIZ1 could be a potential tumor suppressor during glioma pathogenesis, although the mechanism underlying RIZ1 gene inactivation in gliomas is unknown. We investigated the methylation status of the RIZ1 promoter in human glioma tissues and four glioblastoma (GBM) cell lines, and verified the effect of the methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) on RIZ1 transcription and cell proliferation...
October 18, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Zhijie Dai, Jun Wu, Fenghua Chen, Quan Cheng, Mingyu Zhang, Ying Wang, Yong Guo, Tao Song
CXCL5 and its receptor CXCR2 have been found to be involved in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. Recent studies have shown that CXCR2 is upregulated in glioma tissues, and associated with poor prognosis and recurrence. However, the role of CXCL5/CXCR2 signaling in mediating the malignant phenotypes of glioma cells, as well as the underlying mechanism, still remains unclear. In the present study, we found that CXCL5 was upregulated in glioma tissues compared to that noted in normal brain tissues. High CXCL5 levels were significantly associated with higher tumor grade, advanced clinical stage, and shorter survival time of glioma patients...
October 10, 2016: Oncology Reports
Yu Zhou, Yang Liu, Chao Hu, Yugang Jiang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs), a class of non-coding RNAs 18-25 nucleotides in length, act as key regulators in the development and malignant progression of various human cancers by modulating the expression of their target genes. Recently, miR‑16 has been demonstrated to be play a role in glioma. However, the regulatory mechanisms of miR‑16 in glioma growth and metastasis remain largely unclear. In the present study, qRT-PCR revealed that miR‑16 was significantly downregulated in 23 glioma tissue specimens compared to 7 normal brain tissue specimens...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jianheng Wu, Linfan Li, Guangyuan Jiang, Hui Zhan, Nannan Wang
Aberrant expression of oncogenes and/or tumor suppressors play fundamental roles in the pathogenesis of glioma. B-cell CLL/lymphoma 3 (BCL3) was previously found to be a putative proto-oncogene in human cancers and the decoy receptor DcR1 is induced in a p50/Bcl3-dependent manner and attenuates the efficacy of temozolomide in glioblastoma cells. However, its expression status, clinical significance and biological functions in glioma remain largely unknown. In the present study, the levels of BCL3 were overexpressed in glioma compared to normal brain tissues...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Z-H Shi, X-G Li, W-D Jie, H-L Zhao, Y Zeng, Y Liu
OBJECTIVE: Glioma is the most common form of brain tumor, accounting for over 50% of all primary tumors. Despite progress in the treatment of glioma, the prognosis is still poor. In this study, we examined protein-tyrosine phosphatase H1 (PTPH1) in human gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell growth potential was measured by CCK-8 assay and colony formation. Cell cycle distribution was measured by flow cytometry. Transwell assay was used to detect the motility of tumor cells...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Prateek Katiyar, Mathew R Divine, Ursula Kohlhofer, Leticia Quintanilla-Martinez, Bernhard Schölkopf, Bernd J Pichler, Jonathan A Disselhorst
PURPOSE: We aimed to precisely estimate intra-tumoral heterogeneity using spatially regularized spectral clustering (SRSC) on multiparametric MRI data and compare the efficacy of SRSC with the previously reported segmentation techniques in MRI studies. PROCEDURES: Six NMRI nu/nu mice bearing subcutaneous human glioblastoma U87 MG tumors were scanned using a dedicated small animal 7T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner. The data consisted of T2 weighted images, apparent diffusion coefficient maps, and pre- and post-contrast T2 and T2* maps...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Li-Min Xu, Lei Chen, Feng Li, Run Zhang, Zong-Yang Li, Fan-Fan Chen, Xiao-Dan Jiang
BACKGROUND: Gliomas are the most common type of primary brain tumour in the central nervous system of adults. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HOXA transcript at the distal tip (HOTTIP) is transcribed from the 5' tip of the HOXA locus. HOTTIP has recently been shown to be dysregulated and play an important role in the progression of several cancers. However, little is known about whether and how HOTTIP regulates glioma development. METHODS: In this study, we assayed the expression of HOTTIP in glioma tissue samples and glioma cell lines using real-time polymerase chain reaction and defined the biological functions of HOTTIP using the CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL assay) and tumour formation assay in a nude mouse model...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Zheng Jin, Ying Yu, Ri-Hua Jin, Yu-Bo Wang, Hai-Yang Xu
Glioblastoma is a highly malignant cancer of glioma cells. Present study investigates the anti proliferative activity of granatin B on glioma cell by inducing apoptosis. In this study Glioma cell (U87) was used on which anti proliferative activity of granatin B (0, 20, 40 & 80 µM) assessed by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Thereafter Apoptosis of glioma cell was assessed by apoptosis detection kit suing flow cytometer, DAPI staining and by estimating the activity of caspase 3 & 9 using caspase 3 & 9 kit...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Jianjun Gu, Rong Xu, Yaxing Li, Jianhe Zhang, Shousen Wang
To explore the effects of microRNA-218 (miR-218) on glioma cell lines and the related mechanism. U251 and U87 cells were transfected with negative control, miR-218 mimic or miR-218 inhibitor using lipofectamine 2000. The expressions of mRNA and proteins were detected with qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion were studied using MTT, flow cytometry, Transwell assay and scratch-wound assay, respectively. The targeting effect of HMGB1 by miR-218 was measured with luciferase reporter assay...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Gila Kazimirsky, Wei Jiang, Shimon Slavin, Amotz Ziv-Av, Chaya Brodie
BACKGROUND: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an avian paramyxovirus, which selectively exerts oncolytic effects in cancer cells. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to affect tumor growth and deliver anti-tumor agents to experimental glioblastoma (GBM). Here, we explored the effects of NDV-infected MSCs derived from different sources, on glioma cells and glioma stem cells (GSCs) and the mechanisms involved in their effects. METHODS: The glioma cell lines (A172 and U87) and primary GSCs that were generated from GBM tumors were used in this study...
October 10, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Anning Li, Yue Wu, Jenny Linnoila, Benjamin Pulli, Cuihua Wang, Matthias Zeller, Muhammad Ali, Grant K Lewandrowski, Jinghui Li, Benoit Tricot, Edmund Keliher, Gregory R Wojtkiewicz, Giulia Fulci, Xiaoyuan Feng, Bakhos A Tannous, Zhenwei Yao, John W Chen
Currently, there is no stable and flexible method to label and track cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in vivo in CTL immunotherapy. We aimed to evaluate whether the sulfo-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-biotin-streptavidin (SA) platform could chemically modify the cell surface of CTLs for in vivo tracking. CD8+ T lymphocytes were labeled with sulfo-NHS-biotin under different conditions and then incubated with SA-Alexa647. Labeling efficiency was proportional to sulfo-NHS-biotin concentration. CD8+ T lymphocytes could be labeled with higher efficiency with sulfo-NHS-biotin in DPBS than in RPMI (P < 0...
October 8, 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Brenda Marquina-Sánchez, Jesús González-Jorge, Valeria Hansberg-Pastor, Talia Wegman-Ostrosky, Noemi Baranda-Ávila, Sonia Mejía-Pérez, Ignacio Camacho-Arroyo, Aliesha González-Arenas
Intracellular progesterone receptors (PRs) and protein kinases C (PKCs) are known regulators of cancer cell proliferation and metastasis. Both PRs and PKCs are found overexpressed in grade IV human astrocytomas, also known as glioblastomas, which are the most frequent and aggressive brain tumors. In the present study, we investigated whether PR activation by PKC induces the migration and invasion of glioblastoma derived cell lines and if PKCα and δ isoforms are involved in PR activation. We observed that PKC activation with tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) increases the migration and invasion capacity of two glioblastoma derived human cell lines (U251 MG and U87) and that the treatment with the PR receptor antagonist RU486 blocks these processes...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Hao Gu, Jun Feng, Haibo Wang, Yayun Qian, Lin Yang, Jue Chen, Feng Jin, Youyang Shi, Songhua Lu, Yangqing Liu
BACKGROUND: Gliomas are highly aggressive tumors of the nervous system, and current treatments fail to improve patient survival. To identify substances that can be used as treatments for gliomas, we examined the effect of Celastrus orbiculatus extract (COE) on the invasion and migration of human glioblastoma U87 and U251 cells in vitro. METHODS: The effects of COE on cell viability and adhesion were tested using the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay and cell adhesion assay, respectively...
October 6, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Pierre-Michaël Coly, Nicolas Perzo, Vadim Le Joncour, Céline Lecointre, Marie-Thérèse Schouft, Laurence Desrues, Marie-Christine Tonon, Olivier Wurtz, Pierrick Gandolfo, Hélène Castel, Fabrice Morin
Chemotactic migration is a fundamental behavior of cells and its regulation is particularly relevant in physiological processes such as organogenesis and angiogenesis, as well as in pathological processes such as tumor metastasis. The majority of chemotactic stimuli activate cell surface receptors that belong to the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. Although the autophagy machinery has been shown to play a role in cell migration, its mode of regulation by chemotactic GPCRs remains largely unexplored...
October 7, 2016: Autophagy
Andrew J S Lin, Cecilia C Russell, Jennifer R Baker, Shelby L Frailey, Jennette A Sakoff, Adam McCluskey
We describe a simple flow chemistry approach to libraries of ethyl 3-oxo-2-(substituted-phenylamino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1,4]oxazine-6-carboxylates (12a-l) and N-ethyl-3-oxo-2-(substituted-phenylamino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1,4]oxazine-6-carboxamides (13a-l) in 38-87% yields. This scaffold is poorly described in the chemical literature. Screening against a panel of 11 cancer and one normal cell line showed that the amide linked library 13a-l was devoid of toxicity. Whereas the ester linked analogues 12b, 12c, 12g, 12j and 12l were highly cytotoxic with growth inhibition (GI50) values from 0...
September 21, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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