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Scott K Shaw, Cynthia L Schreiber, Felicia M Roland, Paul M Battles, Seamus P Brennan, Simon J Padanilam, Bradley D Smith
The cell line OVCAR-4 was recently ranked as one of the most representative cell lines for high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC). However, little work has been done to assess the susceptibility of OVCAR-4 cells and tumors to the more common types of molecular targeting. Proteome profiles suggest OVCAR-4 express high levels of integrin αvβ3 receptors. Using flow cytometry with fluorescent antibodies we determined that OVCAR-4 cells have high number of integrin αvβ3 receptors ([9.8 ± 2.5] × 104 /cell) compared to the well-characterized cell line U87-MG ([5...
March 6, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Najeh Krayem, Zaineb Abdelkefi-Koubaa, Youssef Gargouri, José Luis
Integrins are a large family of cell surface receptors mediating the interaction of cells with their microenvironment and they play an important role in glioma biology. In the present work, we reported the anti-tumor effect of Sm-PLGV a phospholipase A2 from Tunisian scorpion venom glands-as well as its recombinant forms expressed in Escherichia coli-through interference with integrin receptor function in malignant glioma cells U87. These phospholipases inhibited in a dose dependent manner the adhesion, migration and invasion onto fibrinogen and fibronectin without any cytotoxicity...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Zhenhua Ji, Yuting Xie, Yu Guan, Yujian Zhang, Kin-Sang Cho, Min Ji, Yongping You
Previous studies have demonstrated that activation of P2X7 receptors (P2X7 R) results in the proliferation and migration of some types of tumor. Here, we asked whether and how the activated P2X7 R contribute to proliferation and migration of human glioma cells. Results showed that the number of P2X7 R positive cells was increasing with grade of tumor. In U87 and U251 human glioma cell lines, both expressed P2X7 R and the expression was enhanced by 3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl) ATP (BzATP), the agonist of P2X7 R, and siRNA...
2018: BioMed Research International
Carmen J Zamora-Sánchez, Aylin Del Moral-Morales, Ana M Hernández-Vega, Valeria Hansberg-Pastor, Ivan Salido-Guadarrama, Mauricio Rodríguez-Dorantes, Ignacio Camacho-Arroyo
Glioblastomas (GBM) are the most frequent and aggressive brain tumors. In these malignancies, progesterone (P4) promotes proliferation, migration, and invasion. The P4 metabolite allopregnanolone (3α-THP) similarly promotes cell proliferation in the U87 human GBM cell line. Here, we evaluated global changes in gene expression of U87 cells treated with 3α-THP, P4, and the 5α-reductase inhibitor, finasteride (F). 3α-THP modified the expression of 137 genes, while F changed 90. Besides, both steroids regulated the expression of 69 genes...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yumao Jiang, Yue Jiao, Yang Liu, Meiyu Zhang, Zhiguo Wang, Yujuan Li, Tao Li, Xiaoliang Zhao, Danqiao Wang
As shown in our previous study, sinomenine hydrochloride (SH), the major bioactive alkaloid isolated from Sinomenium acutum Rehd. et Wils. (Fam. Menispermaceae ), initiates the autophagy-mediated death of human glioblastoma cells by generating reactive oxygen species and activating the autophagy-lysosome pathway. However, its effects on the migration and invasion of human glioblastoma cells have not yet been elucidated. Therefore, human glioblastoma U87 and SF767 cells were treated with SH (0.125 and 0.25 mM) for 24 h, and cell migration and invasion were assessed using scratch wound healing, migration and invasion assays...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiaobin Xu, Shuang Hou, Natcha Wattanatorn, Fang Wang, Qing Yang, Chuanzhen Zhao, Xiao Yu, Hsian-Rong Tseng, Steven J Jonas, Paul S Weiss
An efficient nonviral platform for high-throughput and subcellular precision targeted intracellular delivery of nucleic acids in cell culture based on magnetic nanospears is reported. These magnetic nanospears are made of Au/Ni/Si (∼5 μm in length with tip diameters <50 nm) and fabricated by nanosphere lithography and metal deposition. A magnet is used to direct the mechanical motion of a single nanospear, enabling precise control of position and three-dimensional rotation. These nanospears were further functionalized with enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP)-expression plasmids via a layer-by-layer approach before release from the underlying silicon substrate...
March 14, 2018: ACS Nano
S N Shchelkunov, I A Razumov, I V Kolosova, A V Romashchenko, E L Zavjalov
The possibility of glioblastoma virotherapy at intravenous injection of the LIVP-GFP recombinant virus was studied in experimental model of orthotopic xenotransplantation of human glioblastoma cell line U87 to SCID laboratory mice. The LIVP-GFP recombinant virus deficient for thymidine kinase exhibited a significantly greater oncolytic capacity than the original LIVP virus, and an intravenous injection of LIVP-GFP at the early stages of tumorigenesis in mouse brain in most cases resulted in the lysis of the tumor...
January 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
Mona Dawood, Sami Hamdoun, Thomas Efferth
Arsenic trioxide is a traditional remedy in Chinese Medicine since ages. Nowadays, it is clinically used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) by targeting PML/RARA. However, the drug's activity is broader and the mechanisms of action in other tumor types remain unclear. In this study, we investigated molecular modes of action by classical and network pharmacological approaches. CEM/ADR5000 resistance leukemic cells were similar sensitive to As2 O3 as their wild-type counterpart CCRF-CEM (resistance ratio: 1...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Michal J Dabrowski, Michal Draminski, Klev Diamanti, Karolina Stepniak, Magdalena A Mozolewska, Paweł Teisseyre, Jacek Koronacki, Jan Komorowski, Bozena Kaminska, Bartosz Wojtas
In order to find clinically useful prognostic markers for glioma patients' survival, we employed Monte Carlo Feature Selection and Interdependencies Discovery (MCFS-ID) algorithm on DNA methylation (HumanMethylation450 platform) and RNA-seq datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) for 88 patients observed until death. The input features were ranked according to their importance in predicting patients' longer (400+ days) or shorter (≤400 days) survival without prior classification of the patients. Interestingly, out of the 65 most important features found, 63 are methylation sites, and only two mRNAs...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yunyang Lu, Hu Li, Minchang Wang, Yang Liu, Yingda Feng, Ke Liu, Haifeng Tang
Four new polyhydroxysteroidal glycosides-culcinosides A-D ( 1 , 2 , 4 , and 7 )-along with three known compounds-echinasteroside C ( 3 ), linckoside F ( 5 ), and linckoside L3 ( 6 )-were isolated from the ethanol extract of starfish Culcita novaeguineae collected from the Xisha Islands of the South China Sea. The structures of new compounds were elucidated through extensive spectroscopic studies and chemical evidence, especially two-dimensional (2D) NMR techniques. The cytotoxicity of the new compounds against human glioblastoma cell lines U87, U251, and SHG44 were evaluated...
March 13, 2018: Marine Drugs
Francine Kengne Mediesse, Thaddée Boudjeko, Anantharaju Hasitha, Matharasala Gangadhar, Wilfred Fon Mbacham, Perumal Yogeeswari
BACKGROUND: Khaya grandifoliola (C.D.C.) stem bark, Cymbopogon citratus (Stapf) and Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schltr leaves are used in Cameroonian traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Several studies have been performed on the biological activities of secondary metabolites extracted from these plants. However, to the best of our knowledge, the anti-neuro inflammatory and protective roles of the polysaccharides of these three plants have not yet been elucidated...
March 12, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ryota Kurogi, Akira Nakamizo, Satoshi O Suzuki, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Koji Yoshimoto, Toshiyuki Amano, Takeo Amemiya, So Takagishi, Koji Iihara
OBJECTIVE Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) show tropism for brain tumors and may be a useful vehicle for drug or gene delivery to malignant gliomas. Recently, some microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to suppress the invasiveness of malignant gliomas. METHODS To test their potential to become vehicles for the delivery of miRNA to malignant gliomas, hMSCs were engineered so that hMSC secretion of miRNAs that inhibit glioma cell invasion was enabled without altering the hMSC tropism for glioma cells...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Lizeth Bodero, Paula López Rivas, Barbara Korsak, Torsten Hechler, Andreas Pahl, Christoph Müller, Daniela Arosio, Luca Pignataro, Cesare Gennari, Umberto Piarulli
RGD-α-amanitin and isoDGR-α-amanitin conjugates were synthesized by joining integrin ligands to α-amanitin via various linkers and spacers. The conjugates were evaluated for their ability to inhibit biotinylated vitronectin binding to the purified αV β3 receptor, retaining good binding affinity, in the same nanomolar range as the free ligands. The antiproliferative activity of the conjugates was evaluated in three cell lines possessing different levels of αV β3 integrin expression: human glioblastoma U87 (αV β3 +), human lung carcinoma A549 (αV β3 -) and breast adenocarcinoma MDA-MB-468 (αV β3 -)...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Anna Koziorowska, Maria Romerowicz-Misielak, Przemysław Sołek, Marek Koziorowski
The exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) may result in various changes at the cellular level. To identify the effect of ELF-EMF exposure on viability of cells, cancer cells (U87-MG; 143B) and noncancerous cells (BJ; HEK) in exponential growth phase were exposed or sham-exposed to different values of frequency (2, 20, 30, 50 and 60 Hz), different shapes (sinusoidal, square and triangular) and time of exposure (0.5, 1, 2, 3 h) to electromagnetic field. After exposure, viability of cells was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)...
March 7, 2018: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
Rakesh Kumar, Neetika Lal, Vishal Nemaysh, Pratibha Mehta Luthra
Earlier, we reported that Demethoxycurcumin suppressed the growth of human glioma U87 MG cells by downregulation of Bcl-2 expression. In the present work, we investigated the DMC induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects in U87 MG cells. Exposure of U87 MG cells to growth-suppressive concentrations of DMC (0-50 μg/ml) resulted in ROS generation and concomitant increase in apoptosis. The major oxidative species induced by DMC was superoxide anion radical (O2 - )...
March 3, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Mario Pietro Carante, Chiara Aimè, John James Tello Cajiao, Francesca Ballarini
An upgraded version of the BIANCA II biophysical model was applied to a low- and a high- α/β ratio cell line (V79 and AG01522, respectively) exposed to protons, C-ions and He-ions over a wide LET interval (0.6-30.5 keV/μm for protons, 22.5-502 keV/μm for C-ions, 16.2-132 keV/μm for He-ions). The model assumes that i) ionizing radiation induces DNA "Cluster Lesions" (CLs), where by definition each CL produces two independent chromosome fragments; ii) fragment un-rejoining, or distance-dependent mis-rejoining, produces chromosome aberrations; iii) some aberrations lead to cell death...
March 6, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Emese Szabo, Douglas J Phillips, Miriam Droste, Andrea Marti, Titus Kretzschmar, Abdijapar Shamshiev, Michael Weller
Angiogenesis mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a hallmark of glioblastoma. Based on response rate and improved progression-free survival (PFS), although not overall survival (OS), the 149 kDa anti-VEGF-A IgG antibody bevacizumab (Avastin® ) has been approved in the US and Japan for recurrent glioblastoma and in Japan for newly diagnosed glioblastoma. However, it is not approved in the EU. Here we characterize the biological activity of DLX1008, a 26 kDa anti-VEGF-A single chain antibody fragment (scFv) which shows 30-fold stronger affinity to human VEGF-A than bevacizumab...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Chang Shu, Qiong Wang, Xiaoling Yan, Jinhuan Wang
The aim of our study is to build a framework for a better understanding of high-grade glioma (HGG) prognostic-related biomarkers. Whole-genome gene expression microarray was performed to identify differently expressed genes between HGGs and low-grade diffuse gliomas. Several machine learning algorithms were used to filter prognostic-related genes. One hundred ninety-three HGG patients after surgical resection were selected for survival analysis. Immunohistochemistry were performed on these tumor samples to analyze IDH1 mutation status and protein expression of WEE1...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Xingmei Zhang, Li Peng, Zhiman Liang, Zhewen Kou, Yue Chen, Guangwei Shi, Xiaowen Li, Yanling Liang, Fang Wang, Yusheng Shi
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most prevalent and lethal malignant intracranial tumor in the brain, with very poor prognosis and survival. The epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) contributes to increased oncogenicity that does not occur through binding EGFR ligands and instead occurs through constitutive activation, which enhances glioma tumorigenicity and resistance to targeted therapy. Aptamers are nucleic acids with high affinity and specificity to targets selected by systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX), and are usually developed as antagonists of disease-associated factors...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Qianru He, Lini Zhao, Yunhui Liu, Xiaobai Liu, Jian Zheng, Hai Yu, Heng Cai, Jun Ma, Libo Liu, Ping Wang, Zhen Li, Yixue Xue
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a type of endogenous non-coding RNAs, which have been considered to mediate diverse tumorigenesis including angiogenesis. The present study aims to elucidate the potential role and molecular mechanism of circ-SHKBP1 in regulating the angiogenesis of U87 glioma-exposed endothelial cells (GECs). The expression of circ-SHKBP1, but not linear SHKBP1, was significantly upregulated in GECs compared with astrocyte-exposed endothelial cells (AECs). circ-SHKBP1 knockdown inhibited the viability, migration, and tube formation of GECs dramatically...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
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