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Weining Wu, Qi Hu, Er Nie, Tianfu Yu, Youzhi Wu, Tongle Zhi, Kuan Jiang, Feng Shen, Yingyi Wang, Junxia Zhang, Yongping You
H19 expression is elevated in many human tumors including glioblastomas, suggesting an oncogenic role for the long noncoding RNA; yet the upregulation of H19 in glioblastomas remains unclear. Here we report that hypoxia significantly stimulated H19 expression in glioblastoma cell lines, which was related to hypoxia-inducible factors 1α (Hif-1α). Hif-1α promoted H19 expression in U87 and U251 cells. Meanwhile PTEN is an advantageous factor to affect H19 expression, through attenuating Hif-1α stability. Hif-1α also positively correlates with H19 in human glioblastoma samples depending on PTEN status...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chin-Cheng Lee, Peng-Hsu Chen, Kuo-Hao Ho, Chwen-Ming Shih, Chia-Hsiung Cheng, Cheng-Wei Lin, Kur-Ta Cheng, Ann-Jeng Liu, Ku-Chung Chen
MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that post-transcriptionally control the expression of genes involved in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) development. Although miR-302b functions as a tumor suppressor, its role in GBM is still unclear. Therefore, this study comprehensively explored the roles of miR-302b-mediated gene networks in GBM cell death. We found that miR-302b levels were significantly higher in primary astrocytes than in GBM cell lines. miR-302b overexpression dose dependently reduced U87-MG cell viability and induced apoptosis through caspase-3 activation and poly(ADP ribose) polymerase degradation...
2017: PloS One
Md Shamsuddin Sultan Khan, Muhammad Asif, Mohammed Khadeer Ahamed Basheer, Cheng Wei Kang, Fouad Saleh Al-Suede, Oon Chern Ein, Jing Tang, Aman Shah Abdul Majid, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid
Despite many treatment options, cancer remains a growing problem and has become the second leading cause of death globally. Here, we present fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) data regarding the reversion of third generation co-cultured U87+DBTRG and patient-derived GBM tumor model after treatment with novel IL17A inhibitor named FLVM and FLVZ (organic derivatives of caffeic acid). FMT was used to determine tumor angiogenesis volume (assessment of number of blood vessel; the expression of angiogenic factors CD34 and other angiogenic cancer bio-markers) in U87+DBTRG and patient-derived gliomas...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Fang Cheng, Mattias Belting, Lars-Åke Fransson, Katrin Mani
The recycling, S-nitrosylated heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan glypican-1 releases anhydromannose (anMan)-containing HS chains by a nitrosothiol-catalyzed cleavage in endosomes that can be constitutive or induced by ascorbate. The HS-anMan chains are then transported to the nucleus. A specific nuclear target for HS-anMan has not been identified. We have monitored endosome-to-nucleus trafficking of HS-anMan by deconvolution and confocal immunofluorescence microscopy using an anMan-specific monoclonal antibody in non-growing, ascorbate-treated, and growing, untreated, wild-type mouse embryonic fibroblasts and hypoxia-exposed Alzheimer mouse Tg2576 fibroblasts and human U87 glioblastoma cells...
March 12, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Deqiang Lei, Fangcheng Zhang, Dongxiao Yao, Nanxiang Xiong, Xiaobing Jiang, Hongyang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of miR-338-5p on proliferation, migration and invasion of glioblastoma (GBM) cells by regulating EFEMP1. METHODS: The expression of miR-338-5p and EFEMP1 was measured by qRT-PCR and western blot. Transfection was conducted to regulate the expression of miR-338-5p and EFEMP1 in U87 cell lines. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion were evaluated using CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry and Transwell assay respectively...
March 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Henry I C Lowe, Ngeh J Toyang, Charah T Watson, Kenneth N Ayeah, Joseph Bryant
BACKGROUND: The incidence and mortalities from cancers remain on the rise worldwide. Despite significant efforts to discover and develop novel anticancer agents, many cancers remain in the unmet need category. As such, efforts to discover and develop new and more effective and less toxic agents against cancer remain a top global priority. Our drug discovery approach is natural products based with a focus on plants. Tillandsia recurvata (L.) L. is one of the plants selected by our research team for further studies based on previous bioactivity findings on the anticancer activity of this plant...
2017: Cancer Cell International
Mehrdad Khoshnevis, Claude Carozzo, Catherine Bonnefont-Rebeix, Sara Belluco, Olivia Leveneur, Thomas Chuzel, Elodie Pillet-Michelland, Matthieu Dreyfus, Thierry Roger, François Berger, Frédérique Ponce
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma is the most common and deadliest primary brain tumor for humans. Despite many efforts toward the improvement of therapeutic methods, prognosis is poor and the disease remains incurable with a median survival of 12-14.5 months after an optimal treatment. To develop novel treatment modalities for this fatal disease, new devices must be tested on an ideal animal model before performing clinical trials in humans. NEW METHOD: A new model of induced glioblastoma in Yucatan minipigs was developed...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Erica Aparecida de Oliveira, Jelena Lazovic, Lea Guo, Horacio Soto, Bluma Linkowski Faintuch, Massoud Akhtari, Whitney Pope
Angiogenesis plays a critical role in progression of malignant gliomas. The development of glioma-specific labeling molecules that can aid detection and visualization of angiogenesis can help surgical planning and improve treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate if two peptides (GX1 and RGD-GX1) linked to angiogenesis can be used as an MR-imaging markers of angiogenesis. MR imaging was performed in U87 glioblastoma-bearing NOD-SCID mice at different time points between 15 and 120 min post-injection to visualize particle distribution...
March 9, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Gui-Feng Tong, Nan Qin, Li-Wei Sun, Xiao-Lin Xu
Glioma, with varying malignancy grades and histological subtypes, is the commonest primary brain tumor in adults. Longnon-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non-protein-coding transcripts and have been proven to play important roles in tumorigenesis. Our study aims to elucidate the combined effect of lncRNA MEG3 and microRNA-19a in human glioma U87 and U251 cell lines. Real time PCR revealed that MEG3 was down-regulated and miR-19a was up-regulated in malignant glioma tissues and cell lines. Bioinformatics analyses (TargetScan, miRanda and starBase V2...
March 8, 2017: Oncology Research
Zahra Shokohi-Pour, Hossein Chiniforoshan, Mohammad R Sabzalian, Seyed-Alireza Esmaeili, Amir Abbas Momtazi-Borojeni
[C20H17N3O2] and cobalt (II) complex [Co(L(2))(MeOH)2].ClO4, (L(2) = 4-((E)-1-((2-(((E)-pyridin-2-ylmethylene) amino) phenyl) imino) ethyl) benzene-1, 3-diol) novel Schiff base has been synthesiszed and chracterized by Fourier transform infrared, UV-vis, (1)H-NMR spectroscopy, and elemental analysis techniques. The interaction of Co(II) complex with DNA and BSA was investigated by electronic absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and thermal denaturation studies. Our experiments indicate that this complex could strongly bind to CT-DNA via minor groove mechanism...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Egidijus Kazlauskas, Algirdas Brukštus, Herkus Petrikas, Vilma Petrikaitė, Inga Čikotienė, Daumantas Matulis
Human Hsp90 chaperone inhibitors are known to be potential anticancer drugs. A series of compounds containing the 4-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-1,2,3-thiadiazole scaffold were synthesized as inhibitors of this chaperone. Their binding to the recombinant N-terminal domain of Hsp90 was determined by the fluorescence thermal shift assay, which revealed that four of these compounds bound to Hsp90 with Kd of 0.6 to 0.8 nM. The compounds fully inhibited the growth of all tested cancer cell lines: A549 (lung adenocarcinoma), IGR39 (melanoma), and U87 (glioblastoma), with the effective antiproliferative concentration (EC50) of the compounds reaching 0...
February 13, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Matthew D Silva, Brittany Yerby, Jodi Moriguchi, Albert Gomez, H Toni Jun, Angela Coxon, Sharon E Ungersma
PURPOSE: Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) is an accepted method to evaluate tumor perfusion and permeability and anti-vascular cancer therapies. However, there is no consensus on the vascular input function estimation method, which is critical to kinetic modeling and K (trans) estimation. This work proposes a response-derived input function (RDIF) estimated from the response of the tumor, modeled as a linear, time-invariant (LTI) system. PROCEDURES: In an LTI system, an unknown input can be estimated from the system response...
March 6, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Guo-Jun Liu, Ryan J Middleton, Richard B Banati
Despite continued interest in the 18kDa translocator protein (PBR/TSPO) as a biomarker and a therapeutic target for a range of diseases, its functional role, such as in the steroid synthesis pathway and energy metabolism has either become contentious or remains to be described more precisely. The PBR/TSPO gene consists of four exons, while a shorter isoform termed PBR-S lacks exon 2. The PBR-S 102-codon open reading frame differs to that of PBR/TSPO, resulting in a protein that is completely unrelated to PBR/TSPO...
March 2, 2017: Gene
Raymond Wong, Wenliang Chen, Xiao Zhong, James T Rutka, Zhong-Ping Feng, Hong-Shuo Sun
Glioblastoma (GBM) remains as the most common and aggressive brain tumor. The survival of GBM has been linked to the aberrant activation of swelling-induced chloride current ICl,swell . In this study, we investigated the effects of ICl,swell on cell viability, proliferation and migration in the human GBM cell lines, U251 and U87, using a combination of patch clamp electrophysiology, MTT, colony formation, wound healing assays and Western immunoblotting. First, we showed that the specific inhibitor of ICl,swell , DCPIB, potently reduced the ICl,swell in U87 cells...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Jing Lv, Yu Pan, Huijun Ju, Jinxin Zhou, Dengfeng Cheng, Hongcheng Shi, Yifan Zhang
Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon is an attractive tool in stable transgene integration both in vitro and in vivo; and we introduced SB transposon into recombinant sodium-iodide symporter baculovirus system (Bac-NIS system) to facilitate long-term expression of recombinant sodium-iodide symporter. In our study, two hybrid baculovirus systems (Bac-eGFP-SB-NeoR and Bac-NIS-SB-NeoR) were successfully constructed and used to infect U87 glioma cells. After G418 selection screening, the Bac-eGFP-SB-NeoR-U87 cells remained eGFP positive, at the 18(th) and 196(th) day post transfection (96...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
W G Singleton, A M Collins, A S Bienemann, C L Killick-Cole, H R Haynes, D J Asby, C P Butts, M J Wyatt, N U Barua, S S Gill
BACKGROUND: The pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat is a potential therapy for malignant glioma, but it is water insoluble and does not cross the blood-brain barrier when administered systemically. In this article, we describe the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of a novel water-soluble nano-micellar formulation of panobinostat designed for administration by convection enhanced delivery (CED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in vitro efficacy of panobinostat-loaded nano-micelles against rat F98, human U87-MG and M059K glioma cells and against patient-derived glioma stem cells was measured using a cell viability assay...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Ke Xu, Zhenhao Zhang, Hua Pei, Huamin Wang, Liang Li, Qianfeng Xia
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common malignant brain tumor, is currently treated with temozolomide (TMZ), but GBM often exhibits resistance to TMZ. Although several mechanisms underlying GBM resistance to TMZ have been identified, these mechanisms are yet to fully explain how GBM gains resistance to TMZ. Our previous work has shown that FoxO3a, a member of the FoxO subfamily of transcription factors, promotes glioma cell proliferation and invasion. In this study, we sought to determine whether FoxO3a participates in TMZ resistance in GBM cells...
February 16, 2017: Oncology Reports
Yue Jia, Han-Dong Wang, Qiang Wang, Hui Ding, He-Ming Wu, Hao Pan
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a pivotal transcription regulator that controls the expression of numerous antioxidant and cytoprotective genes, was recently defined as a proto-oncogene. However, the role and mechanism of Nrf2 in glioma pathoetiology remain unclear. In the present study, we first evaluated the expression patterns of Nrf2 in normal human astrocytes and 3 glioblastoma (GBM) cell lines (U251, U87 and A172) and found that all 3 GBM cell lines overexpressed Nrf2, with the highest level observed in the U251 cells...
February 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
Ming Tu, Lin Cai, Weiming Zheng, Zhipeng Su, Yong Chen, Songtao Qi
Cluster of differentiation 164 (CD164), a sialomucin, has been demonstrated to be involved in the regulation of proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion and differentiation in multiple cancers. CD164 is regarded to be a potential promotor of tumor growth. However, the involvement of CD164 in human glioma proliferation and apoptosis remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression and oncogenic function of CD164 in normal human astrocytes (NHA) and glioma cells in vitro and in vivo...
February 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Zhenggang Chen, Zizhen Wang, Chuanyi Zheng, Dawei Li, Kun Yang, Wangqing Cai
To explore the expressions of miR-26b and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in different grades of gliomas and the effect of miR-26b on glioma cell proliferation, invasion and migration.
 Methods: Western blot and Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to detect the expression levels of miR-26b and COX-2 in different grades of gliomas. Human glioma cells were transfected with miR-26b mimics. qRT-PCR was employed to detect the mRNA expressions of miR-26b and COX-2 after miR-26b mimics transfection, while dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to investigate the regulatory effect of miR-26b on COX-2...
February 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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