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Kevin J Kenderes, Russell C Levack, Amber M Papillion, Berenice Cabrera-Martinez, Lisa M Dishaw, Gary M Winslow
Immunoglobulin M (IgM) memory cells undergo differentiation in germinal centers following antigen challenge, but the full effector cell potential of these cells is unknown. We monitored the differentiation of enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (eYFP)-labeled CD11c+ and CD11cneg T-bet+ IgM memory cells after their transfer into naive recipient mice. Following challenge infection, many memory cells differentiated into IgM-producing plasmablasts. Other donor B cells entered germinal centers, downregulated CD11c, underwent class switch recombination, and became switched memory cells...
July 24, 2018: Cell Reports
Gary M Winslow, Amber M Papillion, Kevin J Kenderes, Russell C Levack
CD11c+ T-bet+ B cells have now been detected and characterized in different experimental and clinical settings, in both mice and humans. Whether such cells are monolithic, or define subsets of B cells with different functions is not yet known. Our studies have identified CD11c+ IgM+ CD19hi splenic IgM memory B cells that appear at approximately three weeks post-ehrlichial infection, and persist indefinitely, during low-level chronic infection. Although the CD11c+ T-bet+ B cells we have described are distinct, they appear to share many features with similar cells detected under diverse conditions, including viral infections, aging, and autoimmunity...
November 2017: Cellular Immunology
Amber M Papillion, Kevin J Kenderes, Jennifer L Yates, Gary M Winslow
IgM memory cells are recognized as an important component of B cell memory in mice and humans. Our studies of B cells elicited in response to ehrlichial infection identified a population of CD11c-positive IgM memory cells, and an IgM bone marrow antibody-secreting cell population. The origin of these cells was unknown, although an early T-independent spleen CD11c- and T-bet-positive IgM plasmablast population precedes both, suggesting a linear relationship. A majority of the IgM memory cells detected after day 30 post-infection, also T-bet-positive, had undergone somatic hypermutation, indicating they expressed activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID)...
2017: PloS One
Erika Papillion, Laura Aaron
PURPOSE: To evaluate student perceptions of the effectiveness of online radiologic science courses by examining various learning activities and course characteristics experienced in the online learning environment. METHODS: A researcher-designed electronic survey was used to obtain results from students enrolled in the clinical portion of a radiologic science program that offers online courses. The survey consisted of elements associated with demographics, experience, and perceptions related to online radiologic science courses...
March 2017: Radiologic Technology
Anju Devi, Anjali Narwal, Achla Bharti, Vinay Kumar
Premature exfoliation of primary teeth is an important diagnostic event warranting urgent investigation. The majority of conditions presenting with early loss of teeth are serious and in some cases could be fatal. The most common causes of premature tooth loss are Papillion-Lefevre syndrome, Chediak-Higashi syndrome, hypophosphatasia, neutropenia, leukemia and in some cases Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). LCH is a disorder of unknown cause, characterized by abnormal proliferation of histiocytes. The disease has a predilection for children, although LCH may occur in adults...
May 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Sunil Kumar Biraggari, K Krishna Mohana Reddy, J Sudhakar, Shiva Shankar Bugude, Rajesh Nichenametla, Mazher Ahmed Hakeem, Swati Reddy Tiyyagura
Papillion-Lefèvre Syndrome is a very rare disorder of autosomal recessive inheritance distinguished by palmar plantar hyperkeratosis and early onset of periodontitis affecting the dentition. Genetic studies have identified a mutation in the major gene locus of chromosome 11q14 with loss of function. Cathepsin C gene is to be responsible for Papillion-Lefèvre Syndrome. The present case report describes a 13-year-old female, who visited the Department of Periodontology with the chief compliant of bleeding gums and loose teeth...
2015: Case Reports in Dentistry
J Bradford Hill, Kevin W Sexton, Erica L Bartlett, Paul W Papillion, Gabriel A Del Corral, Ashit Patel, Oscar D Guillamondegui, R Bruce Shack
BACKGROUND: Lengthy microvascular procedures carry hypothermia risk, yet limited published data evaluate the overall impact of core temperature on patient and flap morbidity. Although hypothermia may contribute to complications, warming measures are challenged by conflicting reports of intraoperative hypothermia improving anastomotic patency. METHODS: A retrospective review included all free flaps performed by plastic surgeons at an academic medical center from December 2005 to December 2010...
December 2015: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Derek D Jones, Rachael Racine, Susan T Wittmer, Louise Harston, Amber M Papillion, Lisa M Dishaw, Troy D Randall, David L Woodland, Gary M Winslow
Infection of mice with the bacterium Ehrlichia muris elicits a protective T cell-independent (TI) IgM response mediated primarily by a population of CD11c-expressing plasmablasts in the spleen. Although splenic marginal zone (MZ) B cells are considered to be important for TI responses to blood-borne pathogens, MZ B cells were not responsible for generating plasmablasts in response to Ehrlichia muris. Moreover, antigen-specific serum IgM was decreased only modestly in splenectomized mice and in mice that lacked spleen, lymph nodes, and Peyer's patches (SLP mice)...
May 2015: Infection and Immunity
Elizabeth M Samuelson, Renee M Laird, Amber M Papillion, Arthur H Tatum, Michael F Princiotta, Sandra M Hayes
BLK, which encodes B lymphoid kinase, was recently identified in genome wide association studies as a susceptibility gene for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and risk alleles mapping to the BLK locus result in reduced gene expression. To determine whether BLK is indeed a bona fide susceptibility gene, we developed an experimental mouse model, namely the Blk+/-.lpr/lpr (Blk+/-.lpr) mouse, in which Blk expression levels are reduced to levels comparable to those in individuals carrying a risk allele. Here, we report that Blk is expressed not only in B cells, but also in IL-17-producing γδ and DN αβ T cells and in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs)...
2014: PloS One
Prakash Sharma, Ashvini Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2013: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Neeta P Connally, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, James Meek
The selection of controls is an important methodological consideration for case-control studies. Neighborhood-matched control selection is particularly crucial for studies of vector-borne disease, such as Lyme disease, for which risk is intrinsically linked to geographical location. The matching of case-control pairs on neighborhood can help control for variation in ecological risk factors that are tied to geographical location, like vector and host habitat in the peridomestic environment. Random-digit dialing has been used to find neighborhood controls by using the area code and exchange of the case to generate lists of potential control households...
July 15, 2013: American Journal of Epidemiology
G Sharma, R Whatling
BACKGROUND: Premature exfoliation of primary teeth is an important diagnostic event warranting urgent investigation. The majority of conditions presenting with early loss of teeth are serious and in some cases fatal. CASE REPORT: This is a case of premature exfoliation of primary teeth in a 4-yr-old female. On presentation her teeth were mobile and there was a history of gingival bleeding when biting into food. Hair loss and fatigue were also reported. Her medical history revealed she had dry skin but was otherwise fit and healthy...
December 2011: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Robert David Morgan, Edward Hannon, Kokila Lakhoo
A 5-year-old female with Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome presented with renal mass. A radiological diagnosis of malignancy was made; however, partial nephrectomy revealed granulomatous disease indicative of chronic infection. Although liver abscess is an emerging complication in patient with Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome, this case represents the first renal abscess described in such patients.
December 2011: Pediatric Surgery International
Paul Papillion, Lesley Wong, Jimmy Waldrop, Larry Sargent, Mark Brzezienski, Woody Kennedy, Jason Rehm
BACKGROUND: Early identification of failing free flaps may allow for potential intervention and flap salvage. The predictive ability of flap temperature monitoring has been previously questioned. The present study investigated the ability of an infrared surface temperature monitoring device to detect trends in flap temperature and correlation with anastomotic thrombosis and flap failure. METHODS: Postoperative measurement of surface temperature was obtained in 47 microvascular free flaps...
2009: Canadian Journal of Plastic Surgery, Journal Canadien de Chirurgie Plastique
R M Wolfort, P W Papillion, R H Turnage, D L Lillien, M R Ramaswamy, G B Zibari
Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has proven to be a valuable tool in the initial diagnosis, staging, and restaging of a variety of cancers. The potential use of FDG-PET in the evaluation and management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) continues to evolve. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of FDG-PET for the detection and staging of HCC. In addition, we also assessed the correlation between FDG-PET positivity, tumor size, a-fetal protein level (AFP), and histologic grade...
January 2010: International Surgery
J Galmiche
Military pharmacist officer since 1838, Julien Jeannel studied medicine too (1838 Class). During the algerian campaign (1840), surrounded inside Medea, he slaughtered the whole part of sick animals to cook up bubbles next changed into stock cubes (Never patented!). Nominated in Toulouse and further in Bordeaux, he wrote many books about worker's medicine, anaesthesia, suicide, syphilis, prostitution as well as a french Codex the Army used until 1918. In 1858, he set up the A.G.M.F. (French General Practitioner's Association)...
1998: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
J E Carter
The source of chronic pelvic pain may be reproductive organ, urological, musculoskeletal-neurological, gastrointestinal, or myofascial. A psychological component almost always is a factor, whether as an antecedent event or presenting as depression as result of the pain. Surgical interventions for chronic pelvic pain include: 1) resection or vaporization of vulvar/vestibular tissue for human papillion virus (HPV) induced or chronic vulvodynia/vestibulitis; 2) cervical dilation for cervix stenosis; 3) hysteroscopic resection for intracavitary or submucous myomas or intracavitary polyps; 4) myomectomy or myolysis for symptomatic intramural, subserosal or pedunculated myomas; 5) adhesiolysis for peritubular and periovarian adhesions, and enterolysis for bowel adhesions, adhesiolysis for all thick adhesions in areas of pain as well as thin ahesions affecting critical structures such as ovaries and tubes; 6) salpingectomy or neosalpingostomy for symptomatic hydrosalpinx; 7) ovarian treatment for symptomatic ovarian pain; 8) uterosacral nerve vaporization for dysmenorrhea; 9) presacral neurectomy for disabling central pain primarily of uterine but also of bladder origin; 10) resection of endometriosis from all surfaces including removal from bladder and bowel as well as from the rectovaginal septal space...
April 1998: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
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