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Cordia dichotoma

Harshal Ashok Pawar, Amit Jagannath Gavasane, Pritam Dinesh Choudhary
The objective of the present work was to isolate and characterize polysaccharide from fruits of Cordia dichotoma G. Forst. (Family Boraginaceae). Polysaccharide was isolated by using 1% Hydrochloric acid solution. The isolated polysaccharide was tested for physicochemical characteristics such as solubility, pH (1% w/w in water), swelling capacity, loss on drying, ash value, bulk and tapped density, Carr's capacity, Hausner's ratio and angle of repose. Also isolated polysaccharide was characterized by Differential scanning colorimeter (DSC), Estimation of total sugar content, Rheological study and infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR)...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ketan Vinayakrao Hatware, Sanjay Sharma, Kiran Patil, Meghanath Shete, Sravani Karri, Gaurav Gupta
The Cordia dichotoma (CD) is having anticancer and other pharmacological effects as it contains mainly flavonoids. The present study was aimed to demonstrate the gastroprotective effect of methanolic extract of CD leaves (MECD) obtained using Soxhlet extractor. In this study the qualitative phytochemical analysis of MECD revealed the presence of bioflavonoids and determination of quercetin was confirmed by HPLC analysis. The MECD was administered orally at doses 50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg against indomethacin induced gastric ulceration and stress-induced gastric ulceration in Wistar rats...
April 13, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Md Azizur Rahman, Sahabjada, Juber Akhtar
Mechanisms of antioxidant and apoptosis induction may be involved in the management of cancer by medicinal plants. Aim of the study was designed to evaluate anticancer activity of the methanolic extract of Cordia dichotoma leaves (MECD) against a human prostate carcinoma cell line, PC3. Flavonoid content was determined by colorimetric principle and antioxidant activity by various in vitro assays. MTT, DCFH-DA and DAPI staining assays were performed for the evaluation of cytotoxicity, analysis of induction of apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity level by MECD against human prostate carcinoma cell line, PC3...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Shaista Khan, Mohd Imran, Mohammed Imran, Nuzhat Pindari
A total of 50 Candida isolates were isolated and identified from clinical specimens and these were tested for resistance to various antifungal drugs. It was observed multi-drug resistance in all candida isolates by 84%, 62%, 60%, 76%, 46, 30%, and 22% against fluconazole, clotrimazole, Amphotericin B, itraconazole, ketoconazole, miconazole and nystatin tested respectively. The isolates, which were found to be resistant to antifungal drugs were selected and subjected to antifungal testing against six ethanolic plants, extract namely Azadiracta indica, Allium sativum, Cordia dichotoma Ocimum sanctum, Syzygium cumini and Trigonella foenum grecum...
2017: Bioinformation
Md Azizur Rahman, Juber Akhtar
Phytochemical investigation is very valuable for the ethnomedicinally important plants Bauhinia racemosa Lam (BR) and Cordia dichotoma Linn (CD) used for the cure of variety of ailments. This study was thus designed for phytochemical investigation of BR bark and CD leaves. Phytoconstituents were isolated from the methanolic extracts of the plants by column chromatography using silica gel as stationary phase. The structures had been established on the basis of their physicochemical and spectral data, i.e. IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and MS...
October 2016: Natural Product Research
John K Triantafillidis, Aikaterini Triantafyllidi, Constantinos Vagianos, Apostolos Papalois
The use of herbal therapy for inflammatory bowel disease is increasing worldwide. The aim of this study was to review the available literature on the efficacy of herbal therapy in experimental colitis. All relevant studies published in Medline and Embase up to June 2015 have been reviewed. The results of bowel histology and serum parameters have been recorded. A satisfactory number of published experimental studies, and a quite large one of both herbal and plant products tested in different studies have been reported...
July 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Samah A El-Newary, A M Sulieman, S R El-Attar, M Z Sitohy
Hyperlipidemia is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease. Hyperlipidemia increases the incidence of myocardial ischemia and cardiac events. This study evaluated the potential hypolipidemic and antioxidant action of the aqueous extract from the uneaten pulp of the fruit from Cordia dichotoma ("CDNP extract"). In vivo studies were performed for 10 weeks on dietary hyperlipidemic and healthy Wistar albino rat models that received two dose levels of the CDNP extract (0.50 and 1.00 g/kg body weight). Serum lipid profiles were determined for the experimental animals...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Prasad G Jamkhande, Sonal R Barde
BACKGROUND: Worm infection and associated complications are severe problems that afflict a large population worldwide. Failure of synthetic drugs in worm infections because of drug resistance has made alternative drug therapy desirable. Cordia dichotoma (Forst.) is an ethnomedicinal plant which is rich in several secondary metabolites. Traditionally, the plant has been claimed to have high medicinal properties including antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study begun with an aim to explore plant-based natural anthelmintic agents against Pheretima posthuma, an Indian earthworm...
July 2014: Ancient Science of Life
Shuge Tian, Wenxian Liu, Feng Liu, Xuejia Zhang, Halmuart Upur
AIMS: Given the high-effectiveness and low-toxicity of abnormal savda munziq (ASMQ), its herbal formulation has long been used in traditional Uyghur medicine to treat complex diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: ASMQ decoction by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a diode array detector was successfully developed for the simultaneous quality assessment of gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, caffeic acid, rutin, rosmarinic acid, and luteolin...
January 2015: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Richa Gupta, Jagjit Kaur
BACKGROUND: Cordia dichotoma G. Forst. is an important medicinal plant of family Boraginaceae. Traditionally, its leaves are used to treat fever, headache, and joint pain but its medicinal activities have not been proven by research. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activity of C. dichotoma G. Forst. leaf extract. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The various extracts of leaf powder were prepared by using soxhlet apparatus...
January 2015: Pharmacognosy Research
Harshal Ashok Pawar, Pravin Jadhav
The objective of the present research work was to isolate, purify and characterize Cordia dichotoma gum and investigate its disintegration property in oral tablets. The isolated gum was tested for physicochemical characteristics such as solubility, pH (1% w/w in water), swelling index, loss on drying, ash value, bulk and tapped density, Carr's index, Hausner's ratio and angle of repose. The Orodispersible tablets of valsartan were prepared by direct compression method and evaluated for average weight (mg), drug content (%), thickness (mm), hardness (kg/cm(2)), friability (%), wetting time (sec), water absorption ratio (%) and disintegration time (sec)...
January 2015: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Shuge Tian, Feng Liu, Xuejia Zhang, Halmuart Upur
This study aims to determine the phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of air-dried Cordia dichotoma seeds. Total polyphenolic content was analyzed via the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Total triterpenoid content and amino acids was analyzed colorimetrically. The rosmarinic acid content was examined using high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The ethanolic extracts contained polyphenolic compounds (1.0%), triterpenoids (0.075%), amino acids (1.39%), and rosmarinic acid (0.0028%)...
September 2014: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Prasad G Jamkhande, Sonal R Barde, Shailesh L Patwekar, Priti S Tidke
More than half of the world's population relies on the traditional medicine and major role of the traditional medicine including the use of plant extract and their active constituents. Among them, Cordia dichotoma Forst., a small to moderate size plant of family Boragenaceae, commonly called bhokar, lasura, gonda, Indian cherry and shlesmataka. Plant parts such as leaves, fruit, bark and seed have been reported for possessing antidiabetic, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, immune-modulator and analgesic activity...
December 2013: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine
Pankaj B Nariya, Nayan R Bhalodia, Vinay J Shukla, Rabinarayan Acharya, Mukesh B Nariya
Cordia dichotoma Forst. f. bark, identified as botanical source of Shleshmataka in Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia. Present investigation was undertaken to evaluate possible antioxidant potential of methanolic and butanol extract of C. dichotoma bark. In vitro antioxidant activity of methanolic and butanol extract was determined by 1,1, diphenyl-2, picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay. The extracts were also evaluated for their phenolic contents and antioxidant activity. Phenolic content was measured using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent and was calculated as Gallic acid equivalents...
January 2013: Ayu
Pankaj B Nariya, Nayan R Bhalodia, V J Shukla, R N Acharya
Cordia dichotoma Forst.f. bark, identified as botanical source of Shlesmataka in Ayurvedic pharmacopoeias. Present study was carried out with an objective to investigate the antibacterial and antifungal potentials of Cordia dichotoma bark. Antibacterial activity of methanol and butanol extracts of the bark was carried out against two gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and two Gram positive bacteria (St. pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus). The antifungal activity of the extracts was carried out against three common pathogenic fungi (Aspergillus niger, A...
October 2011: Ayu
Anjali B Ganjare, Sunil A Nirmal, Anuja N Patil
Cordia dichotoma f. (Boraginaceae) is a small deciduous tree from India. The bark of was used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) and colic pain traditionally hence present work was undertaken to identify the phytoconstituent responsible for this activity. Apigenin is isolated by column chromatography from methanol fraction of crude methanol extract of C. dichotoma bark. Structure of apigenin is established by various spectroscopic studies. Apigenin (5mg/kg, p.o.) showed significant healing and reduction in inflammatory enzymes when screened for UC...
October 2011: Fitoterapia
Anjali B Ganjare, Sunil A Nirmal, Ruksana A Rub, Anuja N Patil, Shashikant R Pattan
CONTEXT: The plant Cordia dichotoma Forst. f. (Boraginaceae) is commonly known as "Bhokar" in Marathi. This tree species has been of interest to researchers because traditionally its bark is reported in the treatment of ulcer and colic pain. OBJECTIVE: The present work was undertaken to validate its folk use in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) by using scientific methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dried bark powder was extracted with methanol and this crude methanol extract was fractionated using various solvents...
August 2011: Pharmaceutical Biology
Manju Panghal, Vivek Kaushal, Jaya P Yadav
BACKGROUND: Suppression of immune system in treated cancer patients may lead to secondary infections that obviate the need of antibiotics. In the present study, an attempt was made to understand the occurrence of secondary infections in immuno-suppressed patients along with herbal control of these infections with the following objectives to: (a) isolate the microbial species from the treated oral cancer patients along with the estimation of absolute neutrophile counts of patients (b) assess the in vitro antimicrobial activity medicinal plants against the above clinical isolates...
2011: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Chen-Sheng Lin, Chun-Fang Tung, Yen-Chun Peng, Wei-Keung Chow, Chi-Sen Chang, Wei-Hsiung Hu
We report a case of gastric bezoar-induced gastric outlet obstruction that was successfully treated with a combination of endoscopic injection and irrigation with Coca Cola. A 73-year-old diabetic woman had a history of perforated peptic ulcer and had received pyloroplasty more than 20 years previously. She had been ingesting Pho Pu Zi (Cordia dichotoma Forst. f.) as an appetizer for 1 month. She presented with epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, performed at a local hospital, showed 2 gastric bezoars in the stomach, and 1 of them impacted at the pylorus...
January 2008: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
J Y Kuo, L R Mo, C C Tsai, C Y Chou, R C Lin, K K Chang
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Bezoars are collections of indigestible foreign material that are found within the gastrointestinal tract. Nonoperative approaches such as dietary therapy, enzymatic dissolution, and endoscopic removal have been regarded as the mainstays of therapy. The purpose of this paper is to determine the efficacy of electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) as an alternative form of treatment of gastric bezoars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 1988 and May 1996, 11 patients with large gastric bezoars, defined as those greater than 5 cm in diameter, received endoscopic-guided fragmentation using electrohydraulic lithotripsy...
June 1999: Endoscopy
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