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Işıl Bavunoğlu, Musa Balta, Zeynep Türkmen
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in herbal products as a self-medication method in recent years. Some plant extracts either turn into drugs over time or are consumed directly without treatment. One of these plants is Nerium oleander L., which is a potentially lethal plant, since it has cardiac glycosides. However, numerous researches of its extracts have been performed against cancer cell lines in recent literature. This contradiction leads to misinterpretation and induces the prevalence of intoxication or fatal cases...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Metin Ercan, Mehmet Aziret, Kerem Karaman, Birol Bostancı, Musa Akoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Diaphragmatic hernia secondary to traumatic rupture is a rare entity which can occur after stab wound injuries or blunt abdominal traumas. We aimed to report successfully management of dual mesh repair for a large diaphragmatic defect. CASE REPORT: A 66-year-old male was admitted with a right sided diaphragmatic hernia which occurred ten years ago due to a traffic accident. He had abdominal pain with worsened breath. Chest X-ray showed an elevated right diaphragm...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kathy Musa-Veloso, Lina Paulionis, Theresa Poon, Han Youl Lee
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials was undertaken to determine the effects of almond consumption on blood lipid levels, namely total cholesterol (TC), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), TAG and the ratios of TC:HDL-C and LDL-C:HDL-C. Following a comprehensive search of the scientific literature, a total of eighteen relevant publications and twenty-seven almond-control datasets were identified. Across the studies, the mean differences in the effect for each blood lipid parameter (i...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
Nnamdi Norbert Jibiri, Tawakalitu Oluwatoyin Akintunde, Musa Yusuf Dambele, Christopher Jimoh Olowookere
OBJECTIVE: The practice of regular dose measurement helps to ascertain the level of occupational dose delivered to the staff involved in diagnostic procedures. This study was carried out to evaluate the dose exposed to the hands of radiologists and a radiologic technologist carrying out HSG and radionuclide bone scan examinations in several hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Radiation doses exposed to the hands of radiologists and a technician carrying out hysterosalpingography (HSG) and bone scan procedures were measured using calibrated thermo-luminescent dosimeters...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
Laila Alawdah, Ahmad Nahari, Dayel Alshahrani, Musa Fagih, Shahid Ghazi, Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini
Gastrointestinal sarcoidosis is a rare disease with very limited data in children. Here we report the first pediatric case of successful treatment with infliximab. The first case was an 8-year-old Saudi girl who presented with fever, weight loss, and abdominal pain that was followed in a few months with hematemesis and development of hepatosplenomegaly. The second case was a 9-year-old Sudanese boy who manifested with vomiting, epigastric pain, and weight loss. On upper endoscopy, both cases demonstrated severe erosive nodular gastric mucosa...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Alain Menanga, Sandrine Edie, Clovis Nkoke, Jérôme Boombhi, Ahmadou Jingi Musa, Liliane Kuate Mfeukeu, Samuel Kingue
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Improvement of its management to reduce adverse cardiovascular outcomes will require an understanding of the patient characteristics and treatment factors associated with uncontrolled blood pressure. Factors that affect blood pressure control have not been sufficiently described in Cameroon. The main goal of our study was to determine the predictors of blood pressure control in patients with hypertension in an urban city in Cameroon...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Erkut Turan, Ozay Gules, Figen Sevil Kilimci, Mehmet Erkut Kara, Omer Gurkan Dilek, Seyyid Said Sabanci, Musa Tatar
The present study investigates the efficiency of liquid foam soap, ethanol, citric acid and benzalkonium chloride as a fixative-preservative solution (a soap-and ethanol-based fixing solution, or SEFS). In this study, ethanol serves as the fixative and preservative, liquid foam soap as the modifying agent, citric acid as the antioxidant and benzalkonium chloride as the disinfectant. The goat cadavers perfused with SEFS (n=8) were evaluated over a period of one year with respect to hardness, colour and odour using objective methods...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Xiao-Feng Zhu, Dian-Peng Zhang, Sen Yang, Qing-Wen Zhang
Three yeast strains designated as S44, XF1 and XF2, respectively, were isolated from Scolytus scheryrewi Semenov of apricot tree in Shule County, Xinjiang, China, and were demonstrated to be a new member of the genus Candida by sequence comparisons of 26S rRNA gene D1/D2 domain and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. BLASTn alignments on NCBI showed that the similarity of 26S rRNA gene sequences of S44 (type strain) to all sequences of other Candida yeasts was very low (≦93 %). The phylogenetic tree based on the 26S rRNA gene D1/D2 domain and ITS region sequences revealed that the strain S44 is closely related to C...
October 14, 2016: Archives of Microbiology
Musaed Alzahrani, Rami Alhazmi, Manon Bélair, Issam Saliba
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of preoperative mastoid high resolution Computerized tomography (CT Scan) fusion with the postoperative diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (Non-EPI DWI) to accurately localize the residual cholesteatoma thus sparing an unnecessary postoperative CT scan radiation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: this is a prospective study performed in our tertiary care center. We followed up prospectively a consecutive group of patients presenting with middle ear cholesteatoma using preoperative mastoid CT scans, postoperative mastoid CT scan and mastoid diffusion weighted MRI (DWI) between 2012 and 2013...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Guia Guffanti, Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Bin Fan, Cristiane S Duarte, George J Musa, Christina W Hoven
Patients with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) will very likely not share all of the same symptoms, a consequence of the polythetic approach used in the DSM. We examined heterogeneity in the latent structure of PTSD symptoms using data from a previously published sample of 8,236 youth a subset of which had been exposed to the September 11, 2001 attacks (N = 6,670; Hoven et al...
October 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Leylagul Kaynar, Koray Demir, Esra Ermiş Turak, Çiğdem Pala Öztürk, Gökmen Zararsız, Zeynep Burçin Gönen, Selma Gökahmetoğlu, Serdar Şıvgın, Bülent Eser, Yavuz Köker, Musa Solmaz, Ali Ünal, Mustafa Çetin
INTRODUCTION: The use of αβ+ T-cell-depleted grafts is a novel approach to prevent graft failure, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and non-relapse mortality (NRM) in patients undergoing haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. PATIENT AND METHOD: Thirty-four patients with acute leukemia and lacking a match donor were treated with αβ T-cell-depleted allografts from haploidentical family donors. A total of 24 patients had acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 10 had acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
October 10, 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Muhamad S Musa, Amir H Milani, Peter Shaw, Gareth Simpson, Peter A Lovell, Elizabeth Eaves, Nigel Hodson, Brian R Saunders
In this study we investigate the structure-mechanical property relationships for nanostructured ionomer films containing ionically crosslinked core-shell polymer nanoparticles based on poly(n-butyl acrylate) (PBA). Whilst nanostructured ionomer films of core-shell nanoparticles have been previously shown to have good ductility [Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 4725], the modulus values were modest. Here, we used BA as the primary monomer to construct core-shell nanoparticles that provided films containing nanostructured polymers with much higher glass transition temperature (Tg) values...
October 4, 2016: Soft Matter
Cristina Caresio, Massimo Salvi, Filippo Molinari, Kristen M Meiburger, Marco Alessandro Minetto
Musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging allows non-invasive measurement of skeletal muscle thickness. Current techniques generally suffer from manual operator dependency, while all the computer-aided approaches are limited to be semi-automatic or specifically optimized for a single muscle. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a fully automatic method, named MUSA (Muscle UltraSound Analysis), for measurement of muscle thickness on longitudinal ultrasound images acquired from different skeletal muscles...
October 6, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Sophie De-Botton, Ronit Romm, Guillaume Bensoussan, Maria Hitrik, Sanaa Musa, Dmitri Gelman
The manuscript describes the synthesis and coordination chemistry of a novel diphosphine pincer ligand based on a p-hydroquinone-functionalized dibenzobarrelene scaffold. The p-hydroquinone fragment of the ligand is oxidatively and coordinatively non-innocent and may render new reactivity to the metal center due to implied reversible redox behavior, tautomeric interconversion and metal-hydroxyl/alkoxide coordination switch of the pendant hydroxyl side-arm. Palladium, platinum and iridium complexes were prepared and characterized...
October 12, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
J Prakash Maran, B Priya, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, K Ponmurugan, I Ganesh Moorthy, N Sivarajasekar
The objectives of the present work are to extract pectin from industrial waste of Musa balbisiana by ultrasound assisted citric acid mediated extraction method and optimization was done through central composite statistical experimental design under response surface methodology. The outcomes of this study exhibited that, process variables (ultrasound power, pH and extraction time) had considerable influence on the pectin extraction. Second order mathematical equation was constructed to predict the data through regression analysis...
September 24, 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
W Gao, R Su, W Sun, Q Z Wang, X Y Lv, J J Bao, J R Yu, L H Wang, H H Musa, L Chen
The temporal and spatial patterns of Smad and Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) expression were investigated in skeletal muscle (gastrocnemius muscle and extensor digitorum longus) at different growth stages (2 days old, 2 and 6 months old) in Hu sheep. Smads were differentially expressed in sheep skeletal muscle, with high expression in the gastrocnemius muscle and lower expression in the extensor digitorum longus. Expression of Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4 at the 2-day-old stage was significantly higher than at other stages (P < 0...
August 26, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Miriam C Jiménez-Martínez, Efigenia Montalvo-González, Sonia G Sáyago-Ayerdi, Gil Mercado-Mercado, José A Ramírez- de León, Paz-Gamboa Ernestina, Maria A Vivar-Vera
BACKGROUND: The impact of high hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP) on the polyphenol (PP) content and antioxidant activity (AOX) of plantain pulp was evaluated. Pressures of 400, 500 and 600 MPa were applied to plantain pulp for 90 and 180 s at room temperature (25 °C). The polyphenoloxidase activity, extractable (EPP) and non-extractable PP (NEPP) contents, flavonoid content and AOX (FRAP, ABTS(•+) ) were evaluated. In addition, PP identification was performed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Mansoor Alramadhan, Jai Min Ryu, Musaed Rayzah, Seok Jin Nam, Seok Won Kim, Jonghan Yu, Se Kyung Lee, Soo Youn Bae, Sungmin Park, Hyun-June Paik, Jeong Eon Lee
OBJECTIVES: To study the outcomes of adjuvant goserelin combined with tamoxifen (GosTam) compared to chemotherapy followed by tamoxifen (ChemTam) in premenopausal patients with early stage, luminal A breast cancer. METHODS: From 2008 until 2013, data were retrospectively collected for premenopausal patients who underwent surgery for invasive tumors that were ≤2.0 cm, node-negative, strongly positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors, HER-2-negative, and Ki-67 < 25%...
September 30, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Aminu Musa, Mansor B Ahmad, Mohd Zobir Hussein, Mohd Izham Saiman, Hannatu Abubakar Sani
The synthesis of copper nanoparticles was carried out with gelatin as a stabilizer by reducing CuSO4.5H2O ions using hydrazine. Ascorbic acid and aqueous NaOH were also used as an antioxidant and pH controller, respectively. The effects of NaOH, hydrazine, and concentration of gelatin as stabilizer were studied. The synthesized copper nanoparticles were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, XRD, zeta potential measurements, FTIR, EDX, FESEM, and TEM. The formation of CuNPs@Gelatin is initially confirmed by UV-vis spectroscopic analysis with the characteristic band at 583 nm...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Aditya J Reddy, Shailendra S Handu, Ashok Kumar Dubey, Pramod Kumari Mediratta, Rimi Shukla, Qazi Mushtaq Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Musa sapientum, the banana plant, has shown to possess antioxidant activity in previous studies. Oxidative stress has been linked to the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) with evidence of increased serum levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in MDD patients. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the antidepressant activity of M. sapientum stem extract (MSSE) in experimental models in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) were carried out in five different groups (n = 6/group) of mice...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
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