Read by QxMD icon Read


Mileidy Cruz-Martín, Mayra Acosta-Suárez, Eilyn Mena, Berkis Roque, Tatiana Pichardo, Yelenys Alvarado-Capó
The effect of antifungal activity of culture filtrate (CF) of Bacillus pumilus strain CCIBP-C5, an isolate from a phyllosphere of banana ( Musa ) leaves, was determined on Pseudocercospora fijiensis challenged banana plants. The CF was shown to decrease the fungal biomass and induce changes in banana plant. In this sense, at 70 days post inoculation (dpi), a lower infection index as well as a decrease in fungal biomass after 6 dpi was obtained in treated plants with respect to control ones. At the same time, changes in the activities of several enzymes related to plant defense responses, such as phenylalanine ammonia lyase, chitinases, β-1,3-glucanases and peroxidases were observed...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
Mohadeseh Rahimi-Mohseni, Jahan Bakhsh Raoof, Reza Ojani, Tahereh A Aghajanzadeh, Ayemeh Bagheri Hashkavayi
A new and facile method for electrochemical determination of L-tyrosine was designed. Tyrosinase from banana peel tissue was immobilized at fiber matrices of the paper disc via physical adsorption. The mediator potassium hexacyanoferrate and 3-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane-functionalized silica nanoparticles were added to the paper disc, respectively. The modified paper disc was placed on the top of the graphite screen printed electrode and electrochemical characterization of this biosensor was studied by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy methods...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Tibor Fülöp, Christian A Koch, Abdeen R Farah Musa, Christopher M Clark, Kamel A Gharaibeh, Zsolt Lengvársky, Mehrdad Hamrahian, Karen T Pitman, Mehul P Dixit
BACKGROUND: The long-term results of surgical parathyroidectomy (PTX) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are less well known in the modern era of newer activated vitamin-D analogs, calcimimetics and intraoperative monitoring of parathyroid hormone (PTH). METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all ESRD patients undergoing PTX at the University of Mississippi Medical Center between January 2005 and August 2011, with follow-up data as available up to 4 years...
February 15, 2018: Hemodialysis International
Baba Maiyaki Musa, Chisom N Odoh, Najibah A Galadanci, Hadiza Saidu, Muktar H Aliyu
Background: Cardiopulmonary disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in persons with sickle cell disease (SCD). Tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity (TRJV) and predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1%) predicted are independently associated with death in SCD. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of elevated TRJV and the association, if any, between TRJV and FEV1% predicted among persons with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) in Nigeria. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, we enrolled 100 adult Nigerians (≥15 y) with SCA...
February 9, 2018: International Health
Sanjana Negi, Himanshu Tak, T R Ganapathi
Deposition of secondary cell wall in the xylem elements is controlled by a subgroup of NAC (NAM, ATAF, CUC) family, known as vascular-related NAC transcription factors (VNDs). In the present study, we analyzed the 5' upstream regulatory region of two banana NAC transcription factors (MusaVND6 and MusaVND7) for tissue specific expression and presence of 19-bp secondary-wall NAC binding element (SNBE)-like motifs. Transgenic banana plants of Musa cultivar Rasthali harboring either PMusaVND7::GUS or PMusaVND6::GUS showed specific GUS (β-D-Glucuronidase) activity in cells of the xylem tissue...
2018: PloS One
Sima Taheri, Thohirah Lee Abdullah, Mohd Rafii Yusop, Mohamed Musa Hanafi, Mahbod Sahebi, Parisa Azizi, Redmond Ramin Shamshiri
Microsatellites, or simple sequence repeats (SSRs), are one of the most informative and multi-purpose genetic markers exploited in plant functional genomics. However, the discovery of SSRs and development using traditional methods are laborious, time-consuming, and costly. Recently, the availability of high-throughput sequencing technologies has enabled researchers to identify a substantial number of microsatellites at less cost and effort than traditional approaches. Illumina is a noteworthy transcriptome sequencing technology that is currently used in SSR marker development...
February 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Tonna A Anyasi, Afam I O Jideani, Godwin R A Mchau
Banana fruit (Musa spp) though rich in essential minerals, has also been implicated for the presence of phytochemicals which nonetheless beneficial, can also act as mineral inhibitors when in forms such as phenolic compounds, phytates and tannins. This study assayed the essential macro and trace minerals as well as phenolic compounds present in unripe banana flour (UBF) obtained from the pulp of four different cultivars. Unripe banana flour was processed by oven drying in a forced air oven dryer at 70°C upon pretreatment with ascorbic, citric and lactic acid...
February 2018: Food Research International
Gregory C Umeh, Terna Ignatius Nomhwange, Anthony F Shamang, Furera Zakari, Audu I Musa, Paul M Dogo, Victor Gugong, Neyu Iliyasu
BACKGROUND: Attitude and subjective well-being are important factors in mothers accepting or rejecting Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) supplemental immunization. The purpose of the study was to determine the role of mothers' attitude and subjective wellbeing on non-compliance to OPV supplemental immunization in Northern Nigeria. METHODS: The study utilized a cross-sectional design to assess attitude and subjective well-being of mothers using previously validated VACSATC (Vaccine Safety, Attitudes, Training and Communication-10 items) & SUBI (Subjective Well-being Inventory-40 items) measures...
February 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Guowei Zheng, Shihong Luo, Shifei Li, Juan Hua, Weiqi Li, Shenghong Li
The Asteraceae plant Ageratina adenophora (also called Eupatorium adenophorum) has became the most destructive invasive species in China, especially the southwestern region, and is gravely threatening the native biodiversity. Its high reproductive capacity is partly due to the developed root system. From the roots of A. adenophora, ten compounds including three previously undescribed benzofuran derivatives (7-hydroxy-dehydrotremetone, 7,10,11-trihydroxy dehydrotremetone, 10-oxo-7-hydroxy-nordehydrotremetone), a previously undescribed chromene derivative (5-β-glucosyl-7-demethoxy-encecalin) and a previously undescribed monoterpene glucoside (8-hydroxy-8-β-glucosyl-2-carene) were isolated and identified...
January 24, 2018: Phytochemistry
Xingrong Hou, Bang An, Qiannan Wang, Yunfeng Guo, Hongli Luo, Chaozu He
The ascomycete fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 4 (Foc TR4) causes vascular wilt diseases in banana (Musa spp.). In the present study, the roles of SGE1 in regulating growth, conidiation, and pathogenicity of Foc TR4 were investigated. Deletion of SGE1 did not influence vegetative growth, but impaired the conidiation of Foc TR4. Besides, the SGE1 deletion mutant basically lost pathogenicity on banana plantlets. Observation under the microscope indicated that the penetration and colonization processes were severely impaired in the SGE1 deletion mutant...
February 8, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Michaela C Baldauf, Martin F Orth, Marlene Dallmayer, Aruna Marchetto, Julia S Gerke, Rebeca Alba Rubio, Merve M Kiran, Julian Musa, Maximilian M L Knott, Shunya Ohmura, Jing Li, Nusret Akpolat, Ayse N Akatli, Özlem Özen, Uta Dirksen, Wolfgang Hartmann, Enrique de Alava, Daniel Baumhoer, Giuseppina Sannino, Thomas Kirchner, Thomas G P Grünewald
Ewing sarcoma is an undifferentiated small-round-cell sarcoma. Although molecular detection of pathognomonic EWSR1-ETS fusions such as EWSR1-FLI1 enables definitive diagnosis, substantial confusion can arise if molecular diagnostics are unavailable. Diagnosis based on the conventional immunohistochemical marker CD99 is unreliable due to its abundant expression in morphological mimics. To identify novel diagnostic immunohistochemical markers for Ewing sarcoma, we performed comparative expression analyses in 768 tumors representing 21 entities including Ewing-like sarcomas, which confirmed that CIC-DUX4-, BCOR-CCNB3-, EWSR1-NFATc2-, and EWSR1-ETS-translocated sarcomas are distinct entities, and revealed that ATP1A1, BCL11B, and GLG1 constitute specific markers for Ewing sarcoma...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Delphine Georges, Hugues de Courson, Romain Lanchon, Musa Sesay, Karine Nouette-Gaulain, Matthieu Biais
BACKGROUND: In mechanically ventilated patients, an increase in cardiac index during an end-expiratory-occlusion test predicts fluid responsiveness. To identify this rapid increase in cardiac index, continuous and instantaneous cardiac index monitoring is necessary, decreasing its feasibility at the bedside. Our study was designed to investigate whether changes in velocity time integral and in peak velocity obtained using transthoracic echocardiography during an end-expiratory-occlusion maneuver could predict fluid responsiveness...
February 8, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Wenhao Xie, Shaoting Wen, Jingyong Liu, Wuming Xie, Jiahong Kuo, Xingwen Lu, Shuiyu Sun, Kenlin Chang, Musa Buyukada, Fatih Evrendilek
Thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of co-combustion of textile dyeing sludge (TDS) and sugarcane bagasse (SB) were studied using thermogravimetric analysis in CO2/O2 and N2/O2 atmospheres. Our results showed that the comprehensive combustion characteristic index (CCI) of the blends was improved by 1.71-4.32 times. With the increased O2 concentration, co-combustion peak temperature decreased from 329.7 to 318.2 °C, with an increase in its maximum weight loss rate from 10.04 to 14.99%/min and its CCI by 1...
February 3, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Richárd Fiáth, Bogdan Cristian Raducanu, Silke Musa, Alexandru Andrei, Carolina Mora Lopez, Chris van Hoof, Patrick Ruther, Arno Aarts, Domonkos Horváth, István Ulbert
In this study, we developed and validated a single-shank silicon-based neural probe with 128 closely-packed microelectrodes suitable for high-resolution extracellular recordings. The 8-mm-long, 100-µm-wide and 50-µm-thick implantable shank of the probe fabricated using a 0.13-µm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) metallization technology contains square-shaped (20 × 20 µm2), low-impedance (~ 50 kΩ at 1 kHz) recording sites made of rough and porous titanium nitride which are arranged in a 32 × 4 dense array with an inter-electrode pitch of 22...
January 31, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jing Li, Marlene Dallmayer, Thomas Kirchner, Julian Musa, Thomas G P Grünewald
Cytokinesis is the final event of the cell cycle dividing one cell into two daughter cells. The protein regulator of cytokinesis (PRC)1 is essential for cytokinesis and normal cell cleavage. Deregulation of PRC1 causes cytokinesis defects that promote chromosomal instability (CIN) and thus tumor heterogeneity and cancer evolution. Consistently, abnormal PRC1 expression correlates with poor patient outcome in various malignancies, which may be caused by PRC1-mediated CIN and aneuploidy. Here, we review the physiological functions of PRC1 in cell cycle regulation and its contribution to tumorigenesis and intratumoral heterogeneity...
January 2018: Trends in Cancer
Najibah A Galadanci, Shehu Umar Abdullahi, Leah D Vance, Abdulkadir Musa Tabari, Shehi Ali, Raymond Belonwu, Auwal Salihu, Aisha Amal Galadanci, Binta Wudil Jibir, Halima Bello-Manga, Kathleen Neville, Fenella J Kirkham, Yu Shyr, Sharon Phillips, Brittany V Covert, Adetola A Kassim, Lori C Jordan, Muktar H Aliyu, Michael R DeBaun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Hematology
Umar G Musa, S Doruk Cezan, Bilge Baytekin, H Tarik Baytekin
Contact electrification (CE)-charging of surfaces that are contacted and separated, is a common phenomenon, however it is not completely understood yet. Recent studies using surface imaging techniques and chemical analysis revealed a 'spatial' bipolar distribution of charges at the nano dimension, which made a paradigm shift in the field. However, such analyses can only provide information about the charges that remained on the surface after the separation, providing limited information about the actual course of the CE event...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ihsan Anik, Yonca Anik, Burak Cabuk, Melih Caklili, Dilara Pirhan, Onural Ozturk, Musa Cirak, Savas Ceylan
BACKGROUND: Postoperative visual recovery in patients with pituitary adenoma can be influenced by the duration of symptoms, age, and tumor volume. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows visualization of white matter structure along with quantitative information. The aims of our study were to predict the visual recovery process in the early and long-term periods and to define the parameters affecting the recovery course. MATERIAL METHODS: A total of 200 patients with pituitary macroadenomas underwent endoscopic transphenoidal surgery between January 2009 and July 2016...
February 2, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ibrahim Abdulqadir, Sagir Gumel Ahmed, Aisha Gwarzo Kuliya, Jamilu Tukur, Aminu Abba Yusuf, Abubakar Umar Musa
CONTEXT: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) scourge continues to affect young women within the reproductive age group and pregnancy is a recognized indication for the use antiretroviral (ARV) drugs among HIV-positive women. AIMS: The aim is to determine the combined effect of pregnancy, HIV and ARV drugs on the hematological parameters of the pregnant women. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a comparative cross-sectional study conducted among 70 each of HIV-positive and negative pregnant women...
January 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Muhammad Ariff Mohd Yunus, Ramli Musa, Mohd Yusof Nazri
Objective: The objective of this study is to translate the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) into the Malay language and to validate the resulting version. Methods: A two-stage observational study was conducted. The LEFS was initially cross-culturally adapted to Malay language through double forward and backward translation. The finalized version of Malay LEFS (M-LEFS) was subsequently validated for both construct validity and criterion validity. Participants (n = 208) with normal lower limb condition and various lower limb conditions completed the M-LEFS...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"