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Kolja N Eckermann, Hassan M M Ahmed, Mohammad KaramiNejadRanjbar, Stefan Dippel, Christian E Ogaugwu, Peter Kitzmann, Musa D Isah, Ernst A Wimmer
Even in times of advanced site-specific genome editing tools, the improvement of DNA transposases is still on high demand in the field of transgenesis: especially in emerging model systems where evaluated integrase landing sites have not yet been created and more importantly in non-model organisms such as agricultural pests and disease vectors, in which reliable sequence information and genome annotations are still pending. In fact, random insertional mutagenesis is essential to identify new genomic locations that are not influenced by position effects and thus can serve as future stable transgene integration sites...
April 10, 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Sanisah Saidi, Siti Nur Iliani Jaafar, Azlina Daud, Ramli Musa, Nik Noor Fatnoon Nik Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between levels of depression symptoms and age, thyroid-stimulating hormone levels, and stressful life events of the participants. METHOD: Patients above 18 years old, with any thyroid disorders, and without psychiatric disorders were included in this study. All participants completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21). The depression symptom score was calculated and interpreted as follows: less than 9: no depression; between 10 and 13: mild depression; between 14 and 20: moderate depression; between 21 and 27: severe depression, and more than 28: extremely severe depression...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
Samson Abagale, Christine Woodcock, Antony Hooper, John Caulfield, David Withall, Keith Chamberlain, Samuel Osafo-Acquaah, Helmut van Emden, Haruna Braimah, John Pickett, Michael A Birkett
The principal active component produced by highly attractive senesced host banana leaves, Musa spp., for the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus, is shown by coupled gas chromatography-electroantennography (GC-EAG), coupled GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), chemical synthesis and coupled enantioselective (chiral) GC-EAG to be (2R,5S)-theaspirane. In laboratory behaviour tests, the synthetic compound is as attractive as natural host leaf material and presents a new opportunity for pest control.
April 12, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Musa Abubakar Kana, Carina Rodrigues, Maria João Fonseca, Ana Cristina Santos, Henrique Barros
Background: Maternal country of birth has been associated with perinatal health outcomes but less is known regarding breastfeeding practices in contemporary European settings. This study investigated effect of maternal country of birth on breastfeeding initiation and duration by comparing native Portuguese and migrant mothers. Methods: We analyzed data of 7065 children of the Generation XXI (GXXI) birth cohort recruited at birth (2005-06) and followed-up 4 years later...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Khaled Alawneh, Musa Alshehabat, Haytham Al-Ewaidat, Liqaa Raffee, Duaa Forihat, Yousef Khader
Data evaluating the effect of asymptomatic effects of radiation on thyroid hormone panels and ultrasonographic abnormalities among radiology technologists are scarce. This study aimed to determine the asymptomatic effect of radiation in a total of 39 male and 11 female exposed radiology technologists working in radiology departments, and a total of 34 male and 16 female age-matched controls working in other departments in the same hospital. The level of triiodothyronine (T₃), thyroxine (T₄) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were evaluated using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Jimmy Anderson Martínez-Ruano, Ashley Sthefanía Caballero-Galván, Daissy Lorena Restrepo-Serna, Carlos Ariel Cardona
Two scenarios for the biogas production using Banana Peel as raw material were evaluated. The first scenario involves the stand-alone production of biogas and the second scenario includes the biogas production together with other products under biorefinery concept. In both scenarios, the influence of the production scale on the process economy was assessed and feasibility limits were defined. For this purpose, the mass and energy balances were established using the software Aspen Plus along with kinetic models reported in the literature...
April 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jonah Musa
Although cervical cancer is a preventable cancer with a well-known natural history, it remains a huge burden in developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa where organized cervical cancer screening services are lacking. Developed countries that have invested on providing organized screening programs have made substantial progress in reducing both incidence and mortality due to cervical cancer. Implementing evidence-based interventions such as human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination of young girls, early detection and treatment of premalignant conditions of the cervix through conventional Pap cytology, HPV screening or visual aided inspection with acetic acid could significantly reduce incidence of new cases at population level...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Senol Tonyali, Erol Aksoy, Erdem Sobaci, Meral Akdogan, Cavit Ceylan, Erdal Birol Bostancı, Musa Akoglu
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to determine whether the prostate-specific antigen level is a reliable marker of prostate cancer in patients with hepatic insufficiency, based on evaluation of alterations in serum prostate-specific antigen levels after liver transplant in patients with hepatic insufficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of all patients who underwent liver transplant at our hospital between January 2003 and June 2017 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 4, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Clovis Nkoke, Anastase Dzudie, Christelle Makoge, Engelbert Bain Luchuo, Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Samuel Kingue
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) prevails as a major public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. In Cameroon, reports on RHD have been so far limited to a few cities. We sought to describe the demographic, clinical and echocardiographic features of rheumatic heart disease in the Buea Regional Hospital, South West region of Cameroon. Echocardiography reports between June 2016 and June 2017 were reviewed. The diagnosis of RHD was based on the World Heart Federation Criteria for the diagnosis of RHD...
April 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Yaniv Lustig, Danit Sofer, Musa Hindiyeh, Ella Mendelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Imad R Musa, Duria A Rayis, Mohmamed A Ahmed, Ammar H Khamis, Abubakr M Nasr, Ishag Adam
AIM: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Saad Abualila Hospital (Khartoum, Sudan) to evaluate the vitamin D levels and thyroid function among pregnant Sudanese women (132) in early pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Saad Abualila hospital (Khartoum, Sudan) during the period from March to July 2015. Women who were in early pregnancy with a singleton pregnancy were approached to participate in the study after signing informed consent...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Dheyauldeen Shabeeb, Masoud Najafi, Gholamreza Hasanzadeh, Mohammed Reza Hadian, Ahmed Eleojio Musa, Alireza Shirazi
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral neuropathy is one of the main complications of diabetes mellitus. One of the features of diabetic nerve damage is abnormality of sensory and motor nerve conduction study. An electrophysiological examination can be reproduced and is also a non-invasive approach in the assessment of peripheral nerve function. Population-based and clinical studies have been conducted to validate the sensitivity of these methods. When the diagnosis was based on clinical electrophysiological examination, abnormalities were observed in all patients...
March 28, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Volkan Hazar, Gülsün Tezcan Karasu, Vedat Uygun, Gülyüz Öztürk, Suar Çaki Kiliç, Alphan Küpesiz, Hayriye Daloglu, Serap Aksoylar, Didem Atay, Elif Ünal Ince, Musa Karakükçü, Namik Özbek, Funda Tayfun, Savas Kansoy, Emel Özyürek, Arzu Akçay, Orhan Gürsel, Sule Haskologlu, Zühre Kaya, Sebnem Yilmaz, Atila Tanyeli, Akif Yesilipek
Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are a major cause of infection-related morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Data from pediatric settings are scarce. To determine the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of IFIs in a 180-day period post-transplantation, 408 pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT were retrospectively analyzed. The study included only proven and probable IFIs. The cumulative incidences of IFI were 2.7%, 5.0%, and 6...
March 27, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Voon-Ching Lim, Rosli Ramli, Subha Bhassu, John-James Wilson
Background: Intense landscaping often alters the plant composition in urban areas. Knowing which plant species that pollinators are visiting in urban areas is necessary for understanding how landscaping impacts biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. The cave nectar bat, Eonycteris spelaea , is an important pollinator for many plants and is often recorded in human-dominated habitats. Previous studies of the diet of E. spelaea relied on morphological identification of pollen grains found in faeces and on the body of bats and by necessity disregarded other forms of digested plant material present in the faeces (i...
2018: PeerJ
Sanjin Musa, Corrine Peek-Asa, Nina Jovanović, Edin Selimović
BACKGROUND: Many studies have linked adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to long-term health outcomes, as well as health risk behaviors. In the post-war period in Bosnia and Herzegovina, many young people grew up in an environment of deteriorated living standards due to high unemployment and economic insecurity. The objectives of the study were to: 1) describe the health risk behaviors of young adults accessing primary healthcare; and 2) examine associations of these risk factors with adverse childhood experiences in this context...
2018: PloS One
Indah K Murni, Ndidiamaka L Musa
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the major global health problems with the highest birth prevalence in low- and middle-income countries. In these populous countries, basic health services for the children with CHD, including surgery, are lacking. Even though surgery is performed, outcome after cardiac surgery is influenced by the quality of the postoperative management with a reported high morbidity and mortality. Henceforth, there is an urgent need for comprehensive interventions to provide high quality cardiac intensive care programs to improve the quality of pediatric cardiac surgery services in order to address high morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Pengfei Qin, Yihao Yang, Muhyiddeen Yahya Musa, Bin Zheng, Zuojia Wang, Ran Hao, Wenyan Yin, Hongsheng Chen, Erping Li
Localized spoof surface plasmons (LSSPs) have recently emerged as a new research frontier due to their unique properties and increasing applications. Despite the importance, most of the current researches only focus on electric/magnetic LSSPs. Very recent research has revealed that toroidal LSSPs, LSSPs modes with multipole toroidal moments, can be achieved at a point defect in a 2D groove metal array. However, this metamaterial shows the limitations of large volume and poor compatibility to photonic integrated circuits...
March 2018: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Francis Onyilo, Geoffrey Tusiime, Jaindra N Tripathi, Li-Hung Chen, Bryce Falk, Ioannis Stergiopoulos, Wilberforce Tushemereirwe, Jerome Kubiriba, Leena Tripathi
Pseudocercospora fijiensis , causal agent of the black Sigatoka disease (BSD) of Musa spp., has spread globally since its discovery in Fiji 1963 to all the banana and plantain growing areas across the globe. It is becoming the most damaging and economically important disease of this crop. The identification and characterization of genes that regulate infection processes and pathogenicity in P. fijiensis will provide important knowledge for the development of disease-resistant cultivars. In many fungal plant pathogens, the Fus3 and Slt2 are reported to be essential for pathogenicity...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Musa Basseer Sami, Sagnik Bhattacharyya
A substantial body of credible evidence has accumulated that suggest that cannabis use is an important potentially preventable risk factor for the development of psychotic illness and its worse prognosis following the onset of psychosis. Here we summarize the relevant evidence to argue that the time has come to investigate the neurobiological effects of cannabis in patients with psychotic disorders. In the first section we summarize evidence from longitudinal studies that controlled for a range of potential confounders of the association of cannabis use with increased risk of developing psychotic disorders, increased risk of hospitalization, frequent and longer hospital stays, and failure of treatment with medications for psychosis in those with established illness...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Mahesh Kumar Batra, Atif Khan, Fawad Farooq, Tariq Masood, Musa Karim
Background Left atrial enlargement is considered to be a robust, strong, and widely acceptable indicator of cardiovascular outcomes. Echocardiography is the gold standard for measurement of left atrial size, but electrocardiography can be simple, cost-effective, and noninvasive in clinical practice. This study was undertaken to assess the diagnostic accuracy of an established electrocardiographic criterion for left atrial enlargement, taking 2-dimensional echocardiography as the gold-standard technique. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 146 consecutively selected patients with the complaints of dyspnea and palpitation and with a murmur detected on clinical examination, from September 10, 2016 to February 10, 2017...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
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