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Çağrı Kokkoz, Adnan Bilge, Mehmet Irik, Halil I Dayangaç, Mustafa Hayran, Funda Karbek Akarca, Nimet Bilal Erdem, Musa Çavuş
Objective: The aim of this study is to detect plasma ST2 levels in patients who were admitted to emergency department with chest pain and diagnosed with non st segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and to research the relationship between 28-day mortality and ST2 levels. Methods: The present study was conducted at Emergency Department of Celal Bayar University Hafsa Sultan Hospital between September 2015 and January 2016 as a prospective, single-center, cross-sectional study...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mohammed A Al-Qahtani, Hussein S Amin, Abdullah A Al-Qahtani, Abdullah M Alshahrani, Hani A Alghamdi, Musa S Althwayee, Ahmed A Alzahrani
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics in King Khalid University Hospital population and evaluate the factors affecting this behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at King Khalid university hospital from April to May 2016. A pretested self-administered questionnaire was handed to a random selection of 519 patients attending the primary care clinics . Data were entered into Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and sent to SPSS version 20 for analysis...
May 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Rasoul Yahyapour, Dheyauldeen Shabeeb, Mohsen Cheki, Ahmed Eleojo Musa, Bagher Farhood, Abolhasan Rezaeyan, Peyman Amini, Hengameh Fallah, Masoud Najafi
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, ionizing radiations are used for various medical and terroristic aims. These purposes involve exposure to ionizing radiations. Hence, people are at risk for acute or late effects. Annually, millions of cancer patients undergo radiotherapy during their course of treatment. Also, some radiological or nuclear events in recent years pose a threat to people, hence the need for radiation mitigation strategies. Amifostine, the first FDA approved radioprotector, has shown some toxicities that limit its usage and efficiency...
June 19, 2018: Current Molecular Pharmacology
Lorenzo Subissi, Mory Keita, Samuel Mesfin, Giovanni Rezza, Boubacar Diallo, Steven Van Gucht, Emmanuel Onuche Musa, Zabulon Yoti, Sakoba Keita, Mamoudou Harouna Djingarey, Amadou Bailo Diallo, Ibrahima Soce Fall
The 2014-2016 Ebola virus (EBOV) disease outbreak affected over 29000 people and left behind the biggest cohort (over 17000 individuals) of Ebola survivors in history. Although the persistence of EBOV in body fluids of survivors was reported before the recent outbreak, new evidence revealed that the virus can be detected up to 18 months in the semen, which represents the biggest risk of Ebola resurgence in affected communities. In this study, we review the knowledge on the Ebola flare-ups that occurred after the peak of the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Kathy Musa-Veloso, Carolina Venditti, Han Youl Lee, Maryse Darch, Seth Floyd, Spencer West, Ryan Simon
Context: Treatment options for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are needed. Objective: The aim of this review was to systematically assess the effects of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs), particularly eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, on liver-related and metabolic outcomes in adult and pediatric patients with NAFLD. Data Sources: The online information service ProQuest Dialog was used to search 8 literature databases...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
Mehmet Yalçın Günal, Mehmet Ozansoy, Ülkan Kılıç, İlknur Keskin, Ekrem Musa Özdemir, İsmail Aslan, Zehra Eren, Cenk Ersavaş, Ertuğrul Kılıç
Objective: Besides its hematopoietic function, the erythropoietin (EPO) may protect tissues from degenerative disorders. As such, EPO and its receptors were revealed in nonhematopoietic cells, including stromal and endometrial epithelial- cells. However, the role of EPO in endometrial disorders was still unknown. Here we aimed to examine the role of EPO and its receptor activation in the development of endometriosis in rats. Material and Methods: Animals were treated with EPO, darbepoietin (synthetic form of EPO) or EPO's receptor activator, Mircera, after development of endometriosis...
June 19, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
C Griffiths, R S Howell, H Boinpally, E Jimenez, E Chalas, F Musa, S Gorenstein
Postoperative management of patients with vulvar cancer is associated with a high incidence of poor wound healing and radiation -induced late tissue necrosis. This case series demonstrates the impact on wound healing with the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy and advanced wound care following radical vulvectomy and/or radiation therapy. A retrospective case series was performed of all patients from 2016 to 2017 with lower genital cancer who underwent radical surgery with or without chemoradiation treatment, experienced wound dehiscence or late tissue radionecrosis, and were treated with advanced wound care, including hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO)...
May 2018: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Nurudeen Olalekan Oloso, Shamsudeen Fagbo, Musa Garbati, Steve O Olonitola, Emmanuel Jolaoluwa Awosanya, Mabel Kamweli Aworh, Helen Adamu, Ismail Ayoade Odetokun, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as a global health threat, which has elicited a high-level political declaration at the United Nations General Assembly, 2016. In response, member countries agreed to pay greater attention to the surveillance and implementation of antimicrobial stewardship. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control called for a review of AMR in Nigeria using a “One Health approach”. As anecdotal evidence suggests that food animal health and production rely heavily on antimicrobials, it becomes imperative to understand AMR trends in food animals and the environment...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
HueyTyng Lee, Agnieszka A Golicz, Philipp E Bayer, Anita Severn-Ellis, Chon-Kit Kenneth Chan, Jacqueline Batley, Gary A Kendrick, David Edwards
Seagrasses are marine angiosperms that live fully submerged in the sea. They evolved from land plant ancestors, with multiple species representing at least three independent return to the sea events. This raises the question whether these marine angiosperms followed the same adaptation pathway to allow them to live and reproduce under the hostile marine conditions. To compare the basis of marine adaptation between seagrass lineages, we generated genomic data for Halophila ovalis and compared this with recently published genomes for two members of Zosteraceae, as well as genomes of five non-marine plant species (Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, Phoenix dactylifera, Musa acuminata, and Spirodela polyrhiza)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Bagher Farhood, Nasser Hashemi Goradel, Keywan Mortezaee, Neda Khanlarkhani, Ensieh Salehi, Maryam Shabani Nashtaei, Dheyauldeen Shabeeb, Ahmed Eleojo Musa, Hengameh Fallah, Masoud Najafi
Nowadays, using ionizing radiation (IR) is necessary for clinical, agricultural, nuclear energy or industrial applications. Accidental exposure to IR after a radiation terror or disaster poses a threat to human. In contrast to the old dogma of radiation toxicity, several experiments during the last two recent decades have revealed that intercellular signaling and communications play a key role in this procedure. Elevated level of cytokines and other intercellular signals increase oxidative damage and inflammatory responses via reduction/oxidation interactions (redox system)...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Tanmoy Das, Amrita Banerjee
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) is a serious threat to banana ( Musa spp.) production in India. Generally, BBTV isolates within the country share very low genetic diversity. However, in India, relatively greater diversity has been observed between isolates from north-eastern (NE) region (Meghalaya) and rest of India. Tripura is situated in the south-west corner of NE India and shares international border with Bangladesh. During 2014-2015, diagnostic surveys were conducted in seven districts of Tripura and polymerase chain reaction based detection established that BBTD is widely prevalent in all parts of Tripura showing an average incidence of 22...
June 2018: Virusdisease
Anke E Kip, Monique Wasunna, Fabiana Alves, Jan H M Schellens, Jos H Beijnen, Ahmed M Musa, Eltahir A G Khalil, Thomas P C Dorlo
The Leishmania parasite resides and replicates within host macrophages during visceral leishmaniasis (VL). This study aimed to evaluate neopterin, a marker of macrophage activation, as possible pharmacodynamic biomarker to monitor VL treatment response and to predict long-term clinical relapse of VL. Following informed consent, 497 plasma samples were collected from East-African VL patients receiving a 28-day miltefosine monotherapy (48 patients) or 11-day combination therapy of miltefosine and liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB, 48 patients)...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
M D Behera, A K Gupta, S K Barik, P Das, R M Panda
With the availability of satellite data from free data domain, remote sensing has increasingly become a fast-hand tool for monitoring of land and water resources development activities with minimal cost and time. Here, we verified construction of check dams and implementation of plantation activities in two districts of Tripura state using Landsat and Sentinel-2 images for the years 2008 and 2016-2017, respectively. We applied spectral reflectance curves and index-based proxies to quantify these activities for two time periods...
June 15, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Aswin Sriram, Ganapathiraman Swaminathan
In the present study, thermogravimetric analysis of Musa balbisiana flower petal was carried out to study the degradation behaviour and the kinetics in the pyrolytic reaction. The pyrolysis was carried out in the temperature range of 35-900 °C at different heating rates of 5, 10 and 20 °C/min. The kinetics was investigated using different models like Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS), Flynn-Ozawa-Wall (FOW), Friedman and Broido's plot. The average Ea values determined by KAS, FOW and Friedman methods were 137...
May 11, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Musa Demirkapi, Mustafa Turgut Yildizgören, Hayal Güler, Ayşe Dicle Turhanoğlu
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate muscle performance by using isokinetic dynamometer before and at third month of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment in ankylosing spondylitis patients. Patients and methods: Thirty ankylosing spondylitis patients (23 males, 7 females; mean age 39.3±8.6 years; range 18 to 45 years) starting on anti- tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment and 30 healthy controls (23 males, 7 females; mean age 39.1±8.8 years; range 18 to 48 years) with similar age, body mass index, and sex were enrolled...
December 2017: Archives of Rheumatology
Faruk Sani, Suhaidi Shafie, Hong Ngee Lim, Abubakar Ohinoyi Musa
Remarkable attention has been committed to the recently discovered cost effective and solution processable lead-free organic-inorganic halide perovskite solar cells. Recent studies have reported that, within five years, the reported efficiency has reached 9.0%, which makes them an extremely promising and fast developing candidate to compete with conventional lead-based perovskite solar cells. The major challenge associated with the conventional perovskite solar cells is the toxic nature of lead (Pb) used in the active layer of perovskite material...
June 14, 2018: Materials
Zhihao Cheng, Xiang Yu, Shuxia Li, Qiong Wu
BACKGROUND: Bananas (Musa spp.) are the most important fruit crops worldwide due to their high nutrition value. Fusarium wilt of banana, caused by fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc 4), is considered as the most destructive disease in the world and results in extensive damage leading to productivity loss. The widespread use of plant resistance inducers (PRIs), such as benzothiadiazole (BTH), is a novel strategy to stimulate defense responses in banana plants to protect against pathogens infection...
June 13, 2018: BMC Genomics
Wisam Jasim Mohammed, Bassam Musa Sadik Al-Musawi, Christian Oberkanins, Helene Pühringer
Objective: The underlying molecular basis of ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) has not yet been studied among Iraqi people. This study determined the frequency and types of some cardiovascular genetic risk factors among Iraqi patients with IHDs. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study recruiting 56 patients with acute IHD during a 2-month period excluding patients >50 years and patients with documented hyperlipidemia. Their ages ranged between 18 and 50 years; males were 54 and females were only 2...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Alex K Mezei, Heather N Pedersen, Stephen Sy, Catherine Regan, Sheona M Mitchell-Foster, Josaphat Byamugisha, Musa Sekikubo, Heather Armstrong, Angeli Rawat, Joel Singer, Gina S Ogilvie, Jane J Kim, Nicole G Campos
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for women in Uganda, despite the potential for prevention through organised screening. Community-based self-collected human papillomavirus (HPV) testing has been proposed to reduce barriers to screening. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the Advances in Screening and Prevention of Reproductive Cancers (ASPIRE) trial, conducted in Kisenyi, Uganda in April 2014 (n=500)...
June 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Mirela Curin, Musa Khaitov, Alexander Karaulov, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, Raffaela Campana, Victoria Garib, Rudolf Valenta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to discuss how allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) can be improved through molecular approaches. We provide a summary of next-generation molecular AIT approaches and of their clinical evaluation. Furthermore, we discuss the potential of next generation molecular AIT forms for the treatment of severe manifestations of allergy and mention possible future molecular strategies for the secondary and primary prevention of allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: AIT has important advantages over symptomatic forms of allergy treatment but its further development is limited by the quality of the therapeutic antigen preparations which are derived from natural allergen sources...
June 9, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
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