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critical care dysphagia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579205/surgery-related-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-a-prospective-study-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-3-year-follow-up
#1
Melissa A Kalarchian, Wendy C King, Michael J Devlin, Gretchen E White, Marsha D Marcus, Luis Garcia, Susan Z Yanovski, James E Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Having accurate information on bariatric surgery-related gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms is critical for patient care. OBJECTIVE: To report on surgery-related GI symptoms over the first 3 years following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric band. SETTING: Three academic medical centers in the United States. METHODS: As a substudy of the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery Consortium, 183 participants (pre-surgery median body mass index = 45...
April 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537208/coding-of-significant-comorbidities-and-complications-for-stroke-in-rehabilitation
#2
Joanne Murray, Rhonda Pfeiffer, Ingrid Scholten
Background Comorbidities and complications of stroke have implications for level of care and hospital resources. It is critical, therefore, that hospital morbidity data accurately reflect the prevalence of these additional diagnoses. Objective This study aimed to measure and describe the concordance between stroke clinicians/researchers and medical record coders when recording stroke and related diagnoses. Method Diagnoses recorded prospectively, according to defined criteria by a clinical research team, were compared with the coding of stroke comorbidities and complications as per the Australian Coding Standards (ACS) from the separations of 100 inpatients from three rehabilitation facilities in South Australia...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484823/-prolonged-weaning-during-early-neurological-and-neurosurgical-rehabilitation-s2k-guideline-published-by-the-weaning-committee-of-the-german-neurorehabilitation-society-dgnr
#3
REVIEW
J D Rollnik, J Adolphsen, J Bauer, M Bertram, J Brocke, C Dohmen, E Donauer, M Hartwich, M D Heidler, V Huge, S Klarmann, S Lorenzl, M Lück, M Mertl-Rötzer, T Mokrusch, D A Nowak, T Platz, L Riechmann, F Schlachetzki, A von Helden, C W Wallesch, D Zergiebel, M Pohl
Prolonged weaning of patients with neurological or neurosurgery disorders is associated with specific characteristics, which are taken into account by the German Society for Neurorehabilitation (DGNR) in its own guideline. The current S2k guideline of the German Society for Pneumology and Respiratory Medicine is referred to explicitly with regard to definitions (e.g., weaning and weaning failure), weaning categories, pathophysiology of weaning failure, and general weaning strategies. In early neurological and neurosurgery rehabilitation, patients with central of respiratory regulation disturbances (e...
May 8, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461905/dystonic-storm-a-practical-clinical-and-video-review
#4
REVIEW
Pichet Termsarasab, Steven J Frucht
Dystonic storm is a frightening hyperkinetic movement disorder emergency. Marked, rapid exacerbation of dystonia requires prompt intervention and admission to the intensive care unit. Clinical features of dystonic storm include fever, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypertension, sweating and autonomic instability, often progressing to bulbar dysfunction with dysarthria, dysphagia and respiratory failure. It is critical to recognize early and differentiate dystonic storm from other hyperkinetic movement disorder emergencies...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337826/diagnostic-outcome-of-contrast-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-studies-in-216-dysphagic-dogs
#5
Rachel E Pollard, Stanley L Marks, Diane M Cheney, Cecily M Bonadio
Determining the anatomic and functional origin for dysphagia is critical for development of an appropriate therapeutic plan and determination of the prognosis. The purpose of this retrospective study was to report the quantitative and qualitative outcome of contrast videofluoroscopic swallowing studies in a large cohort of dysphagic dogs presenting to a tertiary veterinary care hospital. The videofluoroscopic swallowing studies were reviewed to generate values for pharyngeal constriction ratio, timing of swallowing events (maximum pharyngeal contraction, opening of upper esophageal sphincter, closing of upper esophageal sphincter, and reopening of epiglottis), type of esophageal peristalsis generated, and esophageal transit time...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324902/dysphagia-management-in-the-schools-past-present-and-future
#6
Cynthia R O'Donoghue, Elizabeth E Nottingham
As the number of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) responsible for swallowing and feeding services in the educational setting increases, guidance informing this specialized practice continues to emerge. Although SLPs have provided dysphagia management for children in medical settings for many years, the extension of dysphagia services to the schools is comparatively new. This shift in care delivery for what was previously a hospital-based practice is now occurring more frequently, and in an environment void of extensive medical supports (i...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156663/evaluation-of-combined-argon-plasma-coagulation-and-savary-bougienage-for-the-relief-of-dysphagia-of-esophageal-squamous-cancer-patients-in-the-end-of-life
#7
Caihong Dong, Tanyou Shan, Xiaozhi Yuan, Shuoguo Li, Xuezhen Ding, Shegan Gao
214 Background: To relieve the dysphagia is a critical treatment for advanced esophageal cancer patients' palliative care in their end-of-life. The ideal way is to satisfy both the patient's nutrition supplement and self-taste. Although several endoscopic dilation techniques have been reported, the high incidence of dysphagia quickly relapsing remains. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Argon Plasma Coagulation (APC) combined with Savary bougienage (SB) and SB alone for the relief of dysphagia of esophageal squamous cancer in the end-of-life...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149569/how-should-this-patient-with-repeated-aspiration-pneumonia-be-managed-and-treated-a-proposal-of-the-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-and-tracheostomy-penlight-procedure
#8
REVIEW
Zhongheng Zhang, Jason Akulian, Yucai Hong, Ning Liu, Yuhao Chen
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is commonly seen among the elderly with a substantial proportion of patients suffering from long-term dysphagia and/or an inability to protect their airway. This potentially imposes on them an increased risk of malnutrition and aspiration pneumonia. In this article, we present a patient with malnutrition and dysphagia secondary to CVA. We propose a procedure for which we will name the Percutaneous ENdoscopIc Gastrostomy and Tracheostomy (PENlIGhT) procedure for placement of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and tracheostomy tube (TT) at the same time...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120278/long-term-management-challenges-in-esophageal-atresia
#9
REVIEW
Abby White, Raphael Bueno
Esophageal atresia is a rare congenital anomaly, but improved surgical and critical care has resulted in survival rates exceeding 90%. Long-term survival is associated with numerous management challenges including chronic motility disorders, dysphagia, strictures, reflux, esophagitis and attendant complications, tracheomalacia and chronic restrictive lung disease, and recurrent pulmonary infections. No guidelines for adolescents and younger or older adults exist for the treatment and monitoring of this specialized patient population...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845945/early-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#10
Julie Bernhardt, Erin Godecke, Liam Johnson, Peter Langhorne
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Early rehabilitation is recommended in many guidelines, with limited evidence to guide practice. Brain neurobiology suggests that early training, at the right dose, will aid recovery. In this review, we highlight recent trials of early mobilization, aphasia, dysphagia and upper limb treatment in which intervention is commenced within 7 days of stroke and discuss future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Trials in this early time window are few...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733188/nurse-performed-screening-for-postextubation-dysphagia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-critically-ill-medical-patients
#11
Kay Choong See, Si Yu Peng, Jason Phua, Chew Lai Sum, Johncy Concepcion
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties are common, and dysphagia occurs frequently in intensive care unit (ICU) patients after extubation. Yet, no guidelines on postextubation swallowing assessment exist. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of nurse-performed screening (NPS) for postextubation dysphagia in the medical ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mechanically ventilated patients who were extubated in a 20-bed medical ICU...
October 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554074/prediction-of-ischemic-stroke-associated-pneumonia-a-comparison-between-3-scores
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Tamer Abdallah Helmy, Mohamed Abd-Elalim Abd-Elhady, Mohammed Abdou
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Among all poststroke complications, pneumonia constitutes a major complication with a strong impact on morbidity and mortality. To identify patients at high risk of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) and to tailor a prophylactic approach, a reliable scoring model for prediction may be useful in daily stroke care. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the performance of the Age, Atrial fibrillation, Dysphagia, Sex, Stroke Severity (A(2)DS(2)) score, the acute ischemic stroke-associated pneumonia score (AIS-APS), and the Preventive ANtibacterial THERapy in acute Ischemic Stroke (PANTHERIS) score in predicting SAP...
November 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538983/exploring-factors-that-influence-the-spread-and-sustainability-of-a-dysphagia-innovation-an-instrumental-case-study
#13
Irene Ilott, Kate Gerrish, Sabrina A Eltringham, Carolyn Taylor, Sue Pownall
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties challenge patient safety due to the increased risk of malnutrition, dehydration and aspiration pneumonia. A theoretically driven study was undertaken to examine the spread and sustainability of a locally developed innovation that involved using the Inter-Professional Dysphagia Framework to structure education for the workforce. A conceptual framework with 3 spread strategies (hierarchical control, participatory adaptation and facilitated evolution) was blended with a processual approach to sustaining organisational change...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387670/pseudoachalasia-presenting-20%C3%A2-years-after-nissen-fundoplication-a-case-report
#14
Chuong N Lai, Kumar Krishnan, Min P Kim, Brian J Dunkin, Puja Gaur
BACKGROUND: Pseudoachalasia is a rare diagnosis manifested by clinical and physiologic symptoms of achalasia, with alternative etiology for outflow obstruction. While malignancy is a frequent cause of pseudoachalasia, prior surgical intervention especially surgery involving the esophagogastric junction, may result in a misdiagnosis of achalasia. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 70 year-old male with dysphagia and weight loss after undergoing a Billroth I and Nissen fundoplication several decades ago...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184278/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-based-on-longitudinal-data
#15
REVIEW
Nádia Cristina Fávaro-Moreira, Stefanie Krausch-Hofmann, Christophe Matthys, Carine Vereecken, Erika Vanhauwaert, Anja Declercq, Geertruida Elsiena Bekkering, Joke Duyck
The present systematic review critically examines the available scientific literature on risk factors for malnutrition in the older population (aged ≥65 y). A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, reviewing reference lists from 2000 until March 2015. The 2499 papers identified were subjected to inclusion criteria that evaluated the study quality according to items from validated guidelines. Only papers that provided information on a variable's effect on the development of malnutrition, which requires longitudinal data, were included...
May 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132060/a-telehealth-approach-to-conducting-clinical-swallowing-evaluations-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Cagla Kantarcigil, Justine Joan Sheppard, Andrew M Gordon, Kathleen M Friel, Georgia A Malandraki
BACKGROUND: Accurate and timely evaluation of dysphagia in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is critical. For children with limited access to quality healthcare, telehealth is an option; however, its reliability needs to be investigated. AIM: To test the reliability of an asynchronous telehealth model for evaluating dysphagia in children with CP using a standardized clinical assessment. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Nineteen children (age range 6...
August 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27115679/postextubation-dysphagia-in-critical-patients-a-first-report-from-the-largest-step-down-intensive-care-unit-in-greece
#17
Georgia A Malandraki, Vasiliki Markaki, Voula C Georgopoulos, Loukia Psychogios, Serafim Nanas
PURPOSE: This study provided preliminary data on the occurrence and impact of postextubation dysphagia in the largest Greek step-down intensive care unit (ICU) over 2 years. METHOD: A retrospective observational cohort study of patients referred for swallowing assessment postextubation was conducted from November, 2011, to August, 2013. RESULTS: Of the 357 patients admitted to the unit during this period, 87, aged 55.8 ± 18.1 years (61 male, 26 female), were referred and evaluated...
May 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862075/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-clinical-feeding-evaluation-in-detecting-aspiration-in-children-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Irene Calvo, Aifric Conway, Filipa Henriques, Margaret Walshe
The aim of this systematic review is to determine the diagnostic accuracy of clinical feeding evaluation (CFE) compared to instrumental assessments in detecting oropharyngeal aspiration (OPA) in children. This is important to support clinical decision-making and to provide safe, cost-effective, higher quality care. All published and unpublished studies in all languages assessing the diagnostic accuracy of CFE compared to videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and/or fibre-optic endoscopic examination of swallowing (FEES) in detecting OPA in paediatric populations were sought...
June 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26709436/use-of-a-modified-frazier-water-protocol-in-critical-illness-survivors-with-pulmonary-compromise-and-dysphagia-a-pilot-study
#19
Shari Bernard, Vicki Loeslie, Jeffrey Rabatin
Limited information is available regarding use of the Frazier free water protocol (FWP) with hospitalized patients who have dysphagia and have survived a critical illness with compromised pulmonary status. This pilot study used a two-group nonequivalent comparison group design to evaluate the FWP in 15 adults admitted to a respiratory care unit (RCU) with dysphagia concerns. Inclusion criteria included recommendation for a modified diet with thickened liquids by a dysphagia therapist and ability to follow the specific free water guidelines...
January 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26605174/associations-between-prolonged-intubation-and-developing-post-extubation-dysphagia-and-aspiration-pneumonia-in-non-neurologic-critically-ill-patients
#20
Min Jung Kim, Yun Hee Park, Young Sook Park, You Hong Song
OBJECTIVE: To identify the associations between the duration of endotracheal intubation and developing post-extubational supraglottic and infraglottic aspiration (PEA) and subsequent aspiration pneumonia. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study from January 2009 to November 2014 of all adult patients who had non-neurologic critical illness, required endotracheal intubation and were referred for videofluoroscopic swallowing study. Demographic information, intensive care unit (ICU) admission diagnosis, severity of critical illness, duration of endotracheal intubation, length of stay in ICU, presence of PEA and severity of dysphagia were reviewed...
October 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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