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Ornithology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980644/ornithology-all-eyes-on-the-10-000-species
#1
Stuart Pimm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863140/crumble-analysis-of-the-historic-sympatric-distribution-between-dendrortyx-macroura-and-d-barbatus-aves-galliformes
#2
Claudio Mota-Vargas, Jorge Galindo-González, Octavio R Rojas-Soto
In Mexico, the Long-tailed Wood-Partridge (Dendrortyx macroura) is distributed in the mountains of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Sierra Madre del Sur and Sierra Norte de Oaxaca; while the Bearded Wood-Partridge (D. barbatus) is distributed in the Sierra Madre Oriental (SMO). There is a controversial overlap in distribution (sympatry) between these two species (on the Cofre de Perote and Pico de Orizaba volcanoes, SMO and Sierra Norte de Oaxaca), based on the ambiguity and current lack of information regarding the distribution of these two species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#3
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754422/state-of-the-art-vest-nile-virus-circulation-surveillance-in-italy-and-transfusion-risk-early-prevention-methods
#4
C Velati, P Angelini, S Pupella
After the Chikungunya outbreak in 2007 in Italy, a national Plan for the surveillance of human vector-borne diseases has been implemented and annually updated on the basis of the epidemiological changes based-evidences. The transfusion Authorities cooperates, since 2008, with public health services and veterinary (entomological and ornithological) surveillance systems. In some Italian regions, a common protocol for exchanging data is in place to identify the West Nile Virus (WNV) circulation in birds and mosquitoes: the goal is to anticipate the introduction of WNV-NAT screening in blood donors and, on the other hand, to limit testing only in geographic areas where the virus circulation is actual...
July 25, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241382/passerine-morphology-external-measurements-of-approximately-one-quarter-of-passerine-bird-species
#5
Robert E Ricklefs
Studies of community organization and clade diversification that include functional traits have become an important component of the analysis of ecological and evolved systems. Such studies frequently are limited by availability of consistently collected data. Here, I present a data set including eight measurements of the external morphology of 1642 species, roughly one-quarter of all passerine birds (Aves: Order Passeriformes), from all parts of the world, characterizing the relative proportions of the wing, tail, legs, and beak...
February 27, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072883/variability-in-the-effectiveness-of-two-ornithological-survey-methods-between-tropical-forest-ecosystems
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Thomas Edward Martin, Josh Nightingale, Jack Baddams, Joseph Monkhouse, Aronika Kaban, Hafiyyan Sastranegara, Yeni Mulyani, George Alan Blackburn, Wilf Simcox
Birds are a frequently chosen group for biodiversity monitoring as they are comparatively straightforward and inexpensive to sample and often perform well as ecological indicators. Two commonly used techniques for monitoring tropical forest bird communities are point counts and mist nets. General strengths and weaknesses of these techniques have been well-defined; however little research has examined how their effectiveness is mediated by the ecology of bird communities and their habitats. We examine how the overall performance of these methodologies differs between two widely separated tropical forests-Cusuco National Park (CNP), a Honduran cloud forest, and the lowland forests of Buton Forest Reserves (BFR) located on Buton Island, Indonesia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031803/identifying-multispecies-synchrony-in-response-to-environmental-covariates
#7
Ben Swallow, Ruth King, Stephen T Buckland, Mike P Toms
The importance of multispecies models for understanding complex ecological processes and interactions is beginning to be realized. Recent developments, such as those by Lahoz-Monfort et al. (2011), have enabled synchrony in demographic parameters across multiple species to be explored. Species in a similar environment would be expected to be subject to similar exogenous factors, although their response to each of these factors may be quite different. The ability to group species together according to how they respond to a particular measured covariate may be of particular interest to ecologists...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988731/the-foremost-ornithological-mystery-of-costa-rica-i-amazilia-alfaroana-i-underwood-1896
#8
Guy M Kirwan, Nigel J Collar
The hummingbird Amazilia alfaroana is known from a single specimen, collected on the Volcán de Miravalles, in north-west Costa Rica, in September 1895. Since the early 20th century, the taxon has been almost always been treated as a subspecies of Indigo-capped Hummingbird A. cyanifrons, which is otherwise endemic to Colombia, although it has also been tentatively suggested that the holotype might represent a hybrid between two unnamed species of trochilids. Our detailed analysis of the specimen reveals species-level differences between A...
November 10, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915181/bioenergy-and-biodiversity-intensified-biomass-extraction-from-hedges-impairs-habitat-conditions-for-birds
#9
Ralf Sauerbrei, Birgit Aue, Christian Krippes, Eva Diehl, Volkmar Wolters
Biomass is increasingly used as an alternative source for energy in Europe. Woody material cut from hedges is considered to provide a suitable complement to maize and oilseed rape, which are currently the dominant biomass sources. Since shrubs and trees are also important habitats for birds, however, coppicing of hedges at the landscape scale may adversely affect the diversity of the avifauna. To evaluate this risk, we estimated the response of hedge birds to three management scenarios differing in cutting intensity and hedge selection...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849515/review-of-west-nile-virus-circulation-and-outbreak-risk-in-madagascar-entomological-and-ornithological-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Michaël Luciano Tantely, Steven M Goodman, Tsirinaina Rakotondranaivo, Sébastien Boyer
West Nile fever (WNF) is a zoonotic disease, occurring nearly globally. In Madagascar, West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in 1978 from wild birds and the virus is currently distributed across the island, but no epidemic or epizootic period has been recorded. One fatal human case of WNV infection was reported in 2011, suggesting a "tip of the iceberg" phenomenon of a possible WNF epidemic/epizootic on the island. The main objective of this literature-based survey is to review patterns of WNV circulation in Madagascar from the entomological and ornithological points of view...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832127/when-common-birds-became-rare-historical-records-shed-light-on-long-term-responses-of-bird-communities-to-global-change-in-the-largest-wetland-of-france
#11
Thomas Galewski, Vincent Devictor
Many species have suffered large population declines due to the anthropogenic influence on ecosystems. Understanding historical population trends is essential for informing best efforts to preserve species. We propose a new method to reconstruct the past structure of a regional species pool, based on historical naturalist literature. Qualitative information collected from annotated checklists and reports can be relevant to identify major long-term community changes. We reviewed ornithological literature on the Camargue, the largest wetland in France...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785658/the-sparrow-question-social-and-scientific-accord-in-britain-1850-1900
#12
Matthew Holmes
During the latter-half of the nineteenth century, the utility of the house sparrow (Passer domesticus) to humankind was a contentious topic. In Britain, numerous actors from various backgrounds including natural history, acclimatisation, agriculture and economic ornithology converged on the bird, as contemporaries sought to calculate its economic cost and benefit to growers. Periodicals and newspapers provided an accessible and anonymous means of expression, through which the debate raged for over 50 years...
August 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557096/innovative-visualizations-shed-light-on-avian-nocturnal-migration
#13
Judy Shamoun-Baranes, Andrew Farnsworth, Bart Aelterman, Jose A Alves, Kevin Azijn, Garrett Bernstein, Sérgio Branco, Peter Desmet, Adriaan M Dokter, Kyle Horton, Steve Kelling, Jeffrey F Kelly, Hidde Leijnse, Jingjing Rong, Daniel Sheldon, Wouter Van den Broeck, Jan Klaas Van Den Meersche, Benjamin Mark Van Doren, Hans van Gasteren
Globally, billions of flying animals undergo seasonal migrations, many of which occur at night. The temporal and spatial scales at which migrations occur and our inability to directly observe these nocturnal movements makes monitoring and characterizing this critical period in migratory animals' life cycles difficult. Remote sensing, therefore, has played an important role in our understanding of large-scale nocturnal bird migrations. Weather surveillance radar networks in Europe and North America have great potential for long-term low-cost monitoring of bird migration at scales that have previously been impossible to achieve...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408605/the-collection-of-birds-from-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-and-pr%C3%A3-ncipe-at-the-instituto-de-investiga%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-cient%C3%A3-fica-tropical-of-the-university-of-lisbon-portugal
#14
Miguel Monteiro, Luís Reino, Martim Melo, Pedro Beja, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Manuela Ramos, Diana Rodrigues, Isabel Queirós Neves, Susana Consciência, Rui Figueira
The former Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical-IICT (Lisbon, Portugal), recently integrated into the University of Lisbon, gathers important natural history collections from Portuguese-speaking African countries. In this study, we describe the bird collection from the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, which was fully taxonomically checked and georeferenced. The IICT bird collection contains 5598 specimens, of which 559 are from São Tomé and Príncipe, representing 85 taxa, including 19 endemic species and 13 endemic subspecies of birds...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175180/molecular-phylogeny-of-some-avian-species-using-cytochrome-b-gene-sequence-analysis
#15
A Awad, S R Khalil, Y M Abd-Elhakim
Veritable identification and differentiation of avian species is a vital step in conservative, taxonomic, forensic, legal and other ornithological interventions. Therefore, this study involved the application of molecular approach to identify some avian species i.e. Chicken (Gallus gallus), Muskovy duck (Cairina moschata), Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), Laughing dove (Streptopelia senegalensis), and Rock pigeon (Columba livia). Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples and partial sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene (358 bp) was amplified and sequenced using universal primers...
2015: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168078/tiny-bird-huge-mystery-the-possibly-extinct-hooded-seedeater-sporophila-melanops-is-a-capuchino-with-a-melanistic-cap
#16
Juan Ignacio Areta, Vítor de Q Piacentini, Elisabeth Haring, Anita Gamauf, Luís Fábio Silveira, Erika Machado, Guy M Kirwan
Known with certainty solely from a unique male specimen collected in central Brazil in the first quarter of the 19th century, the Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) Hooded Seedeater Sporophila melanops has been one of the great enigmas of Neotropical ornithology, arguably the only one of a host of long-lost species from Brazil to remain obstinately undiscovered. We reanalysed the morphology of the type specimen, as well as a female specimen postulated to represent the same taxon, and sequenced mitochondrial DNA (COI and Cyt-b) from both individuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939745/do-artisanal-fishers-perceive-declining-migratory-shorebird-populations
#17
Luciano Pires Andrade, Horasa Maria Lima Silva-Andrade, Rachel Maria Lyra-Neves, Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque, Wallace Rodrigues Telino-Júnior
BACKGROUND: This paper discusses the results of ethno-ornithological research conducted on the local ecological knowledge (LEK) of artisanal fishers in northeast Brazil between August 2013 and October 2014. METHODS: The present study analyzed the LEK of 240 artisanal fishermen in relation to Nearctic shorebirds and the factors that may be affecting their populations. We examined whether differences occurred according to the gender and age of the local population...
March 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877655/reinforcing-the-foundations-of-ornithological-nomenclature-filling-the-gaps-in-sherborn-s-and-richmond-s-historical-legacy-of-bibliographic-exploration
#18
Edward C Dickinson
Due to its public popularity, ornithology has a huge corpus of scientific publication for a relatively small number of species. Although there are global checklists of currently recognised taxa, there has been only limited, mainly individual, effort to build a nomenclatural database that the science of ornithology deserves. This is especially true in relation to concise synonymies. With the arrival of ZooBank and the Biodiversity Heritage Library, the time has come to develop synonymies and to add fuller bibliographic detail to databases...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868053/the-corvids-literature-database-500-years-of-ornithological-research-from-a-crow-s-perspective
#19
Gabriele Droege, Till Töpfer
Corvids (Corvidae) play a major role in ornithological research. Because of their worldwide distribution, diversity and adaptiveness, they have been studied extensively. The aim of the Corvids Literature Database (CLD, http://www.corvids.de/cld) is to record all publications (citation format) on all extant and extinct Crows, Ravens, Jays and Magpies worldwide and tag them with specific keywords making them available for researchers worldwide. The self-maintained project started in 2006 and today comprises 8000 articles, spanning almost 500 years...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663739/influenza-surveillance-on-foie-gras-duck-farms-in-bulgaria-2008-2012
#20
Atanaska Marinova-Petkova, Georgi Georgiev, Todor Petkov, Daniel Darnell, John Franks, Ghazi Kayali, David Walker, Patrick Seiler, Angela Danner, Allison Graham, Pamela McKenzie, Scott Krauss, Richard J Webby, Robert G Webster
OBJECTIVES: Ducks can shed and spread influenza A viruses (IAVs) while showing no disease signs. Our objective was to clarify the role of 'foie gras' ducks in the circulation of IAVs in Bulgaria. METHODS: Monthly avian influenza surveillance was conducted on 63 'foie gras' duck farms, 52 of which were surveyed throughout the study between November 2008 and April 2012. Virologic and serologic samples were collected and tested. During this time, wild bird samples were collected at major wild bird-resting areas near the Black Sea coast and Danube River...
March 2016: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
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