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Red distribution width

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779969/increased-malondialdehyde-vs-reduced-sirtuin-1-in-relation-with-adiposity-atherogenicity-and-hematological-indices-in-metabolic-syndrome-patients-with-and-without-prediabetes
#1
Samar Abu Rkhaya, Nailya Bulatova, Violet Kasabri, Randa Naffa, Reema Alquoqa
BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT 1) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were implicated in metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) pathophysiology. AIMS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate both SIRT 1 and MDA in 30 lean healthy control, 31 normoglycemic MetS subjects and 30 MetS-Pre/T2DM drug naïve. C orrelation studies were established for both biomarkers with adiposity indices [conicity index (CI), waist circumference (WC), weight-to-height (WHtR) ratio, weight-to-hip (WHR) ratio, hip circumference (HC), and body adiposity index (BAI)], hematological indices [red cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet-to-lymphcyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR)] and atherogenicity indices (atherogenicity index of plasma (AIP = log10 TG/HDL-C ratio), TC/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios]...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774166/hemostatic-state-augmented-with-platelet-indices-among-sudanese-diabetic-septic-foot
#2
Bashir Abdrhman Bashir, Mohamed Salih Ali
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a very rampant metabolic disorder, particularly type II. It has many complications such as the septic foot. Diabetic septic foot (DSF) patients are at high risk for coagulation abnormalities as well as surgical hazards. Owing to the potential sequelae of coagulation and vascular abnormalities, this work aimed at studying the hemostatic state and platelet indices in diabetes type II patients with septic foot. Methods: A case-control study was conducted during the period from July to September 2017 at Dr...
2018: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770452/the-effects-of-blood-transfusion-on-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-in-critically-ill-patients-a-pilot-study
#3
Savino Spadaro, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Alberto Fogagnolo, Federico Franchi, Sabino Scolletta, Riccardo Ragazzi, Alberto Fanni, Elisabetta Marangoni, Maurizio Govoni, Roberto Reverberi, Carlo Alberto Volta
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a measure of anisocytosis, generally used in the differential diagnosis of anemia. Recently, RDW was associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients. Red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are potential confounders on RDW values interpretation. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in RDW after RBC transfusion in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study including patients admitted to ICU requiring 1 RBC unit...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770339/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-is-associated-with-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
J S Nam, C W Ahn, S Kang, K R Kim, J S Park
Aims: Red cell distribution width (RDW) has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The relationship between RDW and carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, has been inconsistent in subjects with cardiovascular risk factors. In this study, we investigated the relationship between RDW and carotid atherosclerosis in people with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Four hundred sixty-nine people with type 2 diabetes without history of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases were enrolled...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766132/red-cell-distribution-width-predicts-out-of-hospital-outcomes-in-critically-ill-emergency-general-surgery-patients
#5
Joaquim Michael Havens, Anupamaa J Seshadri, Ali Salim, Kenneth B Christopher
Introduction: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with mortality and bloodstream infection risk in critically ill patients. We hypothesized that an increase in RDW at hospital discharge in critically ill patients who received emergency general surgery (EGS) would be associated with increased mortality after hospital discharge. Methods: We performed a two-center observational study of patients treated in medical and surgical intensive care units. We studied 1567 patients, who received critical care between 1998 and 2012 who underwent EGS and survived hospitalization...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744311/relationships-between-sedentary-behaviour-physical-activity-levels-and-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Nevin Hammam, Victor E Ezeugwu, Patricia J Manns, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart
Background: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a biomarker for cardiovascular disease(CVD). RDW is associated with sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) in adults.To date, no study has evaluated this association in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between RDW and SB and PA levels of children and adolescents. Methods: This observational study included data from participants aged 12-20 years in the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734258/red-cell-distribution-width-predicts-90-day-mortality-in-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-patients
#7
Lauren K Truby, Lakshmi Sridharan, Raul J Flores, A Reshad Garan, Douglas Jennings, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Koji Takeda, Hiroo Takayama, Yoshifumi Naka, Paolo C Colombo, Veli K Topkara
Red cell distribution width (RDW) measures the variance in size of circulating red blood cells and is a strong independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease and heart failure. Predictive power of RDW on mortality after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation remains largely unknown. Four hundred nine patients who underwent CF-LVAD implantation between April 2004 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome of interest was 90 day mortality after CF-LVAD implantation...
April 19, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718862/high-red-cell-distribution-width-at-the-time-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-is-better-at-predicting-diastolic-than-systolic-left-ventricular-dysfunction-a-single-center-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Jasmina Ćatić, Ivana Jurin, Marko Lucijanić, Helena Jerkić, Robert Blažeković
Multiple studies have demonstrated the association of red cell distribution width (RDW) with the ultrasound parameters of both systolic and diastolic heart dysfunction. We aimed to further investigate the clinical associations of RDW in the setting of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and to comparatively evaluate its predictive properties regarding systolic and diastolic dysfunction.A total of 89 patients with STEMI were prospectively analyzed. RDW was obtained at the time of STEMI and compared to the parameters of systolic and diastolic dysfunction obtained by transthoracic heart ultrasound on the 5th through 7th day post-STEMI...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718824/preparation-of-plasmonic-porous-au-agvo3-belt-like-nanocomposites-with-enhanced-visible-light-photocatalytic-activity
#9
Haitao Fu, Xiaohong Yang, Zhikui Zhang, Wenwen Wang, Xizhong An, Yu Dong, Xue Li
This study reports a visible-light-driven plasmonic photocatalyst of Au doped AgVO3 nanocomposites prepared by hydrothermal method, and further in situ modification of Au nanoparticle by reducing agent of NaHSO3 in aqueous solution at room temperature. Various characterization techniques, such as SEM, TEM, XRD, EDS, XPS and BET, were used to reveal the morphology, composition, and related properties. The results show that belt-like AgVO3 nanoparticles with width of ~100 nm were successfully synthesized, and Au nanoparticle with controlled sizes (5-20 nm) was well distributed on the surface of the nanobelts...
May 2, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716254/estimation-of-polydispersity-in-aggregating-red-blood-cells-by-quantitative-ultrasound-backscatter-analysis
#10
Romain de Monchy, Julien Rouyer, François Destrempes, Boris Chayer, Guy Cloutier, Emilie Franceschini
Quantitative ultrasound techniques based on the backscatter coefficient (BSC) have been commonly used to characterize red blood cell (RBC) aggregation. Specifically, a scattering model is fitted to measured BSC and estimated parameters can provide a meaningful description of the RBC aggregates' structure (i.e., aggregate size and compactness). In most cases, scattering models assumed monodisperse RBC aggregates. This study proposes the Effective Medium Theory combined with the polydisperse Structure Factor Model (EMTSFM) to incorporate the polydispersity of aggregate size...
April 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714446/association-between-elevated-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-and-long-term-mortality-in-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#11
Shahrbanoo Kheirkham-Sabetghadam, Yaser Jenab, Seyed-Mohammad Ghoreyshi-Hefzabad, Keyvan Gohari-Moghadam, Masoumeh Lotfi-Tokaldany, Arash Jalali, Marzieh Pourjafari, Shapour Shirani, Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Nasrin Etesamifar
Background/aim: The prognostic value of the red cell distribution width (RDW) as a cost-effective and noninvasive test in acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is still unknown. We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of the admission RDW level in the long-term survival of PE patients. Materials and methods: In this registry-based, prospective cohort study, a total of 378 patients (mean age: 60.4 ± 17.11 years, 47.4% female) who presented with acute PE were enrolled. All the clinical data for each patient were obtained from our institutional PE registry...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713244/prognostic-role-of-rdw-in-hematological-malignancies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Lisha Ai, Shidai Mu, Yu Hu
Background: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW), a biomarker for discrimination of anemia, has been recently identified as a prognostic factor in various types of cancer. Here we performed a meta-analysis in order to assess the correlation between RDW and the survival outcomes in patients with hematologic malignances. Patients/methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and ISI Web of Science for relevant studies, to investigate the prognostic significance of RDW in hematological malignancies...
2018: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699878/the-role-of-red-cell-distribution-width-in-the-locoregional-recurrence-of-laryngeal-cancer
#13
Gülpembe Bozkurt, Arzu Yasemin Korkut, Pınar Soytaş, Senem Kurt Dizdar, Zeynep Nur Erol
INTRODUCTION: Although the red cell distribution width has been reported as a reliable predictor of prognosis in several types of cancer, to our knowledge few reports have focused on the prognostic value of red cell distribution width in laryngeal carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore whether the pretreatment red cell distribution width predicted recurrence in laryngeal cancer patients is a simple, reproducible, and inexpensive prognostic biomarker. METHODS: All laryngeal cancer patients who underwent curative surgery (n=132) over a 7 year study period were evaluated...
April 13, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699714/the-red-cell-distribution-width-as-a-prognostic-indicator-in-upper-aerodigestive-tract-uadt-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Tristan Tham, Yonatan Bardash, Sushma Teegala, Wendy Saori Herman, Peter David Costantino
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the relationship between the Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) and prognosis in upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancer. METHODS: PubMed (via the web), Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were searched. A systematic review and meta-analysis was done to generate the pooled hazard ratios (HR) for overall survival (OS), disease specific survival (DSS), and recurrence free survival (RFS)...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697933/comparison-of-inflammatory-markers-between-brucella-and-non-brucella-epididymo-orchitis
#15
Ali Cift, Mehmet Ozgur Yucel
OBJECTIVES: Brucellosis is a multi-system infectious disease that is associated with inflammation, which causes an increase in acute phase reactants. Hematological inflammatory markers of brucellosis include mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of hematological inflammatory markers in Brucella epididymo-orchitis (BEO), and to investigate the utility of these markers for differential diagnosis from non-Brucella epididymo-orchitis (non-BEO)...
April 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687547/inflammatory-cell-indexes-as-preoperative-predictors-of-hospital-stay-in-open-elective-thoracic-surgery
#16
Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Giorgio C Ginesu, Cinzia Tanda, Claudio F Feo, Alessandro Fancellu, Alessandro G Fois, Arduino A Mangoni, Salvatore Sotgia, Ciriaco Carru, Alberto Porcu, Angelo Zinellu
BACKGROUND: Shorter and safer hospital stay (HS) is a desired outcome for patients undergoing thoracic surgery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the predictive capacity of a series of pre-defined inflammatory cell indexes based on preoperative complete blood counts, towards length of HS in open elective thoracic surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 157 consecutive patients undergoing open elective thoracic surgery. Preoperative neutrophil to lymphocyte, platelet to lymphocyte and lymphocyte to monocyte ratios were calculated, and the red cell distribution width and mean platelet volume were registered...
April 24, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685205/may-inflammatory-markers-be-used-for-monitoring-the-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-effect-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-arrhythmias
#17
G N Dediu, C C Diaconu, S Dumitrache Rujinski, M A Iancu, L A Balaceanu, I Dina, M Bogdan
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is defined by recurrent episodes of significant reduction or absence of the oro-nasal airflow during sleep, in the presence of thorax and abdominal movements and snoring. The pathophysiological consequences of intermittent hypoxia determined by OSAS are represented by systemic inflammation, the release of free oxygen radicals and activation of the sympathetic nervous system. Cardiac arrhythmias are a frequent comorbidity in patients with OSAS...
June 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678853/red-cell-distribution-width-is-an-independent-risk-factor-of-patients-with-renal-function-damage-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-of-children-in-china
#18
Junfeng Zhang, Jiajia Cao, Wenjian Nie, Hongqiang Shen, Xu Hui
AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate whether red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with renal function damage in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) of children in China. METHODS: We used urine albumin-creatinine ratio to define microalbuminuria (MAU). A total of 170 patients were recruited in the study including 88 patients with MAU and 82 patients without MAU. Clinical and laboratory data of two groups were compared. RESULTS: The present study demonstrated that the RDW values were significantly higher in patients with MAU than those without MAU...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678633/preanalytical-phase-effects-of-water-ingestion-during-fasting-on-routine-hematological-parameters-in-a-small-cohort-of-young-women
#19
G Unger, S F Benozzi, A Campion, G L Pennacchiotti
BACKGROUND: We analyze the effects of water ingestion before blood extraction on routine hematological parameters. METHODS: Twenty female volunteers -mean 24 y- were included. Blood was collected after a 12 h fast period (T0 ) and 1 h after the ingestion of 300 ml water (T1 ). These parameters were analyzed: white blood cell (WBC) count; WBC differential count including lymphocytes (lym), monocytes (mono), neutrophils, eosinophils (eos), and basophils; red blood cell (RBC) count; hematocrit (hct); hemoglobin (hgb); mean cell volume; mean cell hemoglobin; RBC distribution width; and platelet count (plt)...
April 17, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673334/full-blood-count-values-as-a-predictor-of-poor-outcome-of-pneumonia-among-hiv-infected-patients
#20
S Camon, C Quiros, N Saubi, A Moreno, M A Marcos, Y Eto, S Rofael, E Monclus, J Brown, T D McHugh, J Mallolas, R Perello
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the predictive value of analytical markers of full blood count that can be assessed in the emergency department for HIV infected patients, with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: Prospective 3-year study including all HIV-infected patients that went to our emergency department with respiratory clinical infection, more than 24-h earlier they were diagnosed with CAP and required admission. We assessed the different values of the first blood count performed on the patient as follows; total white blood cells (WBC), neutrophils, lymphocytes (LYM), basophils, eosinophils (EOS), red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), platelets (PLT), mean platelet volume, and platelet distribution width (PDW)...
April 19, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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