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Plant based diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749867/nurses-try-a-plant-based-diet
#1
Meghan J
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749866/nurses-try-a-plant-based-diet
#2
Neal B
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749865/nurses-try-a-plant-based-diet
#3
Susan L
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749864/nurses-try-a-plant-based-diet
#4
Asha S
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749619/healthy-plant-foods-intake-could-protect-against-prostate-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study
#5
Yahya Jalilpiran, Erfan Hezaveh, Salmeh Bahmanpour, Shiva Faghih
Background: Several studies have investigated the association between healthy plant foods intake and prostate cancer risk with inconsistent results. So this study was conducted to examine the existence of any possible association between healthy plant foods and prostate cancer risk. Materials and Methods: Sixty newly diagnosed prostate cancer cases and 60 controls engaged in a hospital-based case-control study. A validated 16o-items semi-quantitative FFQ was used to assess usual dietary intakes. Energy-adjusted amounts of healthy plant foods intake were calculated using the residual method...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746163/the-potential-contribution-of-dietary-factors-to-breast-cancer-prevention
#6
Niva Shapira
Breast cancer (BC), the leading cancer in women, is increasing in prevalence worldwide, concurrent with western metabolic epidemics, that is, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes, and shares major risk factors with these diseases. The corresponding potential for nutritional contributions toward BC prevention is reviewed and related to critical stages in the life cycle and their implications for carcinogenic and pathometabolic trajectories. BC initiation potentially involves diet-related pro-oxidative, inflammatory, and procarcinogenic processes, that interact through combined lipid/fatty acid peroxidation, estrogen metabolism, and related DNA-adduct/depurination/mutation formation...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744731/plant-community-chemical-composition-influences-trembling-aspen-populus-tremuloides-intake-by-sheep
#7
Kristen Y Heroy, Samuel B St Clair, Elizabeth A Burritt, Juan J Villalba
Nutrients and plant secondary compounds in aspen (Populus tremuloides) may interact with nutrients in the surrounding vegetation to influence aspen use by herbivores. Thus, this study aimed to determine aspen intake and preference by sheep in response to supplementary nutrients or plant secondary compounds (PSC) present in aspen trees. Thirty-two lambs were randomly assigned to one of four molasses-based supplementary feeds to a basal diet of tall fescue hay (N = 8) during three experiments. The supplements were as follows: (1) high-protein (60% canola meal), (2) a PSC (6% quebracho tannins), (3) 25% aspen bark, and (4) control (100% molasses)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740210/elucidating-the-mechanisms-underlying-the-beneficial-health-effects-of-dietary-pollen-on-honey-bees-apis-mellifera-infested-by-varroa-mite-ectoparasites
#8
Desiderato Annoscia, Virginia Zanni, David Galbraith, Anna Quirici, Christina Grozinger, Renzo Bortolomeazzi, Francesco Nazzi
Parasites and pathogens of the honey bee (Apis mellifera) are key factors underlying colony losses, which are threatening the beekeeping industry and agriculture as a whole. To control the spread and development of pathogen infections within the colony, honey bees use plant resins with antibiotic activity, but little is known about the properties of other substances, that are mainly used as a foodstuff, for controlling possible diseases both at the individual and colony level. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that pollen is beneficial for honey bees challenged with the parasitic mite Varroa destructor associated to the Deformed Wing Virus...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739549/mutations-in-the-abcg8-gene-are-associated-with-sitosterolaemia-in-the-homozygous-form-and-xanthelasmas-in-the-heterozygous-form
#9
Tara Bardawil, Abdallah Rebeiz, Myriam Chaabouni, Jessica El Halabi, Zakaria Kambris, Ossama Abbas, Ossama Abou Hassan, Lamiaa Hamie, Fadi Bitar, Abdul Ghani Kibbi, Georges Nemer, Mazen Kurban
Sitosterol is the most abundant plant sterol found in our diet. Sitosterolemia (OMIM 210250), also known as phytosterolaemia, is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by the inability to efficiently excrete plant sterol, and is characterized by cutaneous xanthomas and accelerated atherosclerosis. Sitosterolaemia is caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in either ABCG5 or ABCG8 (both on chromosome 2p21), which encode the sterol efflux transporter ABCG5 (sterolin-1) and ABCG8 (sterolin-2), respectively...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738536/effect-of-apigenin-kaempferol-and-resveratrol-on-the-gene-expression-and-protein-secretion-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-10-il-10-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#10
Marta Palacz-Wrobel, Paulina Borkowska, Monika Paul-Samojedny, Malgorzata Kowalczyk, Anna Fila-Danilow, Renata Suchanek-Raif, Jan Kowalski
Polyphenols such as apigenin, kaempferol or resveratrol are typically found in plants, including fruits, vegetables, herbs and spices, which have a wide range of biological functions such as antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, vasodilative, anticoagulative and proapoptotic. Discovering such multifunctional compounds in widely consumed plant-based products - ones that both inhibit the release of TNF-α from tissue macrophages and at the same time enhance the secretion of IL-10 - would be an important signpost in the quest for effective pharmacological treatment of numerous diseases that have an inflammatory etiology...
July 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735572/early-nutritional-intervention-can-improve-utilisation-of-vegetable-based-diets-in-diploid-and-triploid-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l
#11
Michael Clarkson, Herve Migaud, Christoforos Metochis, Luisa M Vera, Daniel Leeming, Douglas R Tocher, John F Taylor
The present study investigated nutritional programming in Atlantic salmon to improve utilisation of a vegetable-based diet. At first exogenous feeding, fry were fed either a marine-based diet (Diet Mstimulus, 80% fishmeal (FM)/4% fish oil (FO)) or a vegetable-based diet (Diet Vstimulus, 10% FM/0% FO) for 3 weeks. Subsequently, all fish were then fed under the same conditions with a commercial, marine-based, diet for 15 weeks and thereafter challenged with a second V diet (Diet Vchallenge, 10% FM/0% FO) for 6 weeks...
July 24, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733610/environmental-impact-of-omnivorous-ovo-lacto-vegetarian-and-vegan-diet
#12
Alice Rosi, Pedro Mena, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Silvia Turroni, Erasmo Neviani, Ilario Ferrocino, Raffaella Di Cagno, Luca Ruini, Roberto Ciati, Donato Angelino, Jane Maddock, Marco Gobbetti, Furio Brighenti, Daniele Del Rio, Francesca Scazzina
Food and beverage consumption has a great impact on the environment, although there is a lack of information concerning the whole diet. The environmental impact of 153 Italian adults (51 omnivores, 51 ovo-lacto-vegetarians, 51 vegans) and the inter-individual variability within dietary groups were assessed in a real-life context. Food intake was monitored with a 7-d dietary record to calculate nutritional values and environmental impacts (carbon, water, and ecological footprints). The Italian Mediterranean Index was used to evaluate the nutritional quality of each diet...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729739/host-plants-and-obligate-endosymbionts-are-not-the-sources-for-biosynthesis-of-the-aphid-alarm-pheromone
#13
Zhi-Juan Sun, Zheng-Xi Li
(E)-β-farnesene (EβF) is the major component of the alarm pheromone of many aphid species, but where EβF is synthesized in aphids is only partly understood. There are at least three most possible sources for the alarm pheromone: host plants, aphid obligate endosymbiont and aphids themselves. Here we eliminated the possibility of host plants and the obligate endosymbiont Buchnera aphidicola as the sources for EβF released by aphids. We excluded the possible effects of host plants on EβF biosynthesis by rearing aphids on non-plant diets...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728852/in%C3%A2-vitro-characteristics-of-an-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l-hind-gut-microbial-community-in-relation-to-different-dietary-treatments
#14
Kamarul Zaman Zarkasi, Richard S Taylor, Brett D Glencross, Guy C J Abell, Mark L Tamplin, John P Bowman
In this study, microbial community dynamics were assessed within a simple in vitro model system in order to understand those changes influenced by diet. The abundance and diversity of bacteria were monitored within different treatment slurries inoculated with salmon faecal samples in order to mimic the effects of dietary variables. A total of five complete diets and two ingredients (plant meal) were tested. The total viable counts (TVCs) and sequencing data revealed that there was very clear separation between the complete diets and the plant meal treatments, suggesting a dynamic response by the allochthonous bacteria to the treatments...
July 17, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728685/healthy-plant-based-diet-what-does-it%C3%A2-really-mean
#15
EDITORIAL
Kim Allan Williams, Hena Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728684/healthful-and-unhealthful-plant-based-diets-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart%C3%A2-disease-in-u-s-adults
#16
Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie E Chiuve, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Kathryn M Rexrode, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are recommended for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention. However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine associations between plant-based diet indices and CHD incidence. METHODS: We included 73,710 women in NHS (Nurses' Health Study) (1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in NHS2 (1991 to 2013), and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012), free of chronic diseases at baseline...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727075/amino-acid-digestibility-by-weanling-pigs-of-processed-ingredients-originating-from-soybeans-00-rapeseeds-or-a-fermented-mixture-of-plant-ingredients
#17
D M D L Navarro, Y Liu, T S Bruun, H H Stein
An experiment was conducted to determine the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA in 4 sources of processed soybean products, in conventional dehulled soybean meal (SBM-CV), in conventional 00-rapeseed expellers (RSE), and in a fermented coproduct mixture (FCM) that contained rapeseed meal, wheat, soy molasses, and potato peel fed to weanling pigs. The 4 processed soybean products included 2 sources of enzyme-treated soybean meal (ESBM-1 and ESBM-2), extruded soybean meal, and soy protein concentrate (SPC)...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727034/standardized-ileal-digestible-amino-acid-contents-of-canola-meal-from-canadian-crushing-plants-for-growing-pigs
#18
D I Adewole, A Rogiewicz, B Dyck, C M Nyachoti, B A Slominski
Studies have shown that there are variations in the chemical and nutritive composition of canola meal (CM) produced in Canada, some of which may result from differences among the canola seed crushing plants. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the variability in the nutritive value of CM as its end users desire increased meal consistency and more information on any potential variability in AA digestibility. Thus, 18 ileal cannulated barrows (average initial BW = 23.3 kg) were used to determine the apparent (AID) and standardized (SID) ileal digestibility of N and AA and standardized ileal digestible N and AA contents in CM from 6 processing plants in Canada...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723948/integrative-functional-analyses-using-rainbow-trout-selected-for-tolerance-to-plant-diets-reveal-nutrigenomic-signatures-for-soy-utilization-without-the-concurrence-of-enteritis
#19
Jason Abernathy, Andreas Brezas, Kevin R Snekvik, Ronald W Hardy, Ken Overturf
Finding suitable alternative protein sources for diets of carnivorous fish species remains a major concern for sustainable aquaculture. Through genetic selection, we created a strain of rainbow trout that outperforms parental lines in utilizing an all-plant protein diet and does not develop enteritis in the distal intestine, as is typical with salmonids on long-term plant protein-based feeds. By incorporating this strain into functional analyses, we set out to determine which genes are critical to plant protein utilization in the absence of gut inflammation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721834/the-interaction-between-nutrition-and-exercise-for-promoting-health-and-performance
#20
Oliver C Witard, Derek Ball
The theme of The Nutrition Society Spring Conference 2017 was on the interaction between nutrition and exercise for promoting healthy ageing, maintaining cognitive function and improving the metabolic health of the population. The importance of this theme is highlighted by the public health issues surrounding obesity, diabetes and the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia). The opening symposium provided a historical perspective of both invasive and non-invasive methodologies for measuring exercise energetics and energy balance...
July 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
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