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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931545/regulation-of-genes-related-to-cholesterol-metabolism-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-fed-plant-based-diet
#1
Tengfei Zhu, Genevieve Corraze, Elisabeth Plagnes-Juan, Edwige Quillet, Mathilde Dupont-Nivet, Sandrine Skiba-Cassy
Compared to fishmeal and fish oil, plant ingredients differ not only in the protein content, amino acid and fatty acid profiles but are also devoid of cholesterol, the major component of cell membrane and precursor of several bioactive compounds. Based on these nutritional characteristics, plant-based diets can affect fish physiology and cholesterol metabolism. In order to investigate the mechanisms underlying cholesterol homeostasis, rainbow trout were fed from 1g body weight during six months with a totally plant-based diet (V), a marine diet (M) and a marine restricted diet (MR) with feed intake adjusted to that of the V group...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926931/comparison-of-sociodemographic-and-nutritional-characteristics-between-self-reported-vegetarians-vegans-and-meat-eaters-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#2
Benjamin Allès, Julia Baudry, Caroline Méjean, Mathilde Touvier, Sandrine Péneau, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: There is a growing trend for vegetarian and vegan diets in many Western countries. Epidemiological evidence suggesting that such diets may help in maintaining good health is rising. However, dietary and sociodemographic characteristics of vegetarians and vegans are not well known. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics of self-reported, adult vegetarians and vegans, compared to meat-eaters, from the French NutriNet-Santé study...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#3
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923247/effects-of-plant-and-animal-based-high-fat-diets-on-lipid-storage-and-distribution-in-environmental-bacteria-colonized-gnotobiotic-mice
#4
Yi-Hsun Chen, Chien-Chao Chiu, Shao-Wen Hung, Ju-Yun Liu, Yu-Chih Wang, Qiang Lv, Cheng-Chih Hsu, Yi-Wen Huang, Wen-Ching Huang, Hsiao-Li Chuang, Ter-Hsin Chen
Different edible oils such as lard and soybean oil have been reported to interact with the gut microbiota, affecting host lipid metabolism. However, whether bacteria derived from the environment influence host lipid metabolism remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify the roles of environmental bacteria in host lipid storage and distribution with various edible oils. Gnotobiotic C57BL/6JNarl mice were inoculated with Lysinibacillus xylanilyticus and Paenibacillus azoreducens and then fed either a normal diet (LabDiet 5010, control group) or a diet containing 60% lard (L-group) or soybean oil (S-group) for 18 months...
September 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917728/fast-method-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-monomethylmercury-and-inorganic-mercury-in-rice-and-aquatic-plants
#5
María Jiménez-Moreno, Miguel Ángel Lominchar, María José Sierra, Rocío Millán, Rosa Carmen Rodríguez Martín-Doimeadios
Recent investigations revealed that monomethylmercury (MMHg) can be absorbed and accumulated by plants, i.e. rice crops, thus becoming an important route of human exposure to MMHg through diet. The increasing concern about this fact makes that appropriate analytical methods for Hg speciation in these samples are urgently required. Therefore, the aim of this work has been the development of a fast and sensitive method which enables the simultaneous determination of MMHg and inorganic Hg in rice and aquatic plants...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903489/from-the-cover-exposure-to-an-environmentally-relevant-mixture-of-brominated-flame-retardants-decreased-p-%C3%AE-cateninser675-expression-and-its-interaction-with-e-cadherin-in-the-mammary-glands-of-lactating-rats
#6
Elham Dianati, Michael G Wade, Barbara F Hales, Bernard Robaire, Isabelle Plante
Proper mammary gland development and function require precise hormonal regulation and bidirectional cross talk between cells provided by means of paracrine factors as well as intercellular junctions; exposure to environmental endocrine disruptors can disturb these processes. Exposure to one such family of chemicals, the brominated flame retardants (BFRs), is ubiquitous. Here, we tested the hypothesis that BFR exposures disrupt signaling pathways and intercellular junctions that control mammary gland development...
September 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900838/comparative-nutritional-value-of-jatropha-curcas-protein-isolate-and-soy-protein-isolate-in-common-carp
#7
Sunil Nepal, Vikas Kumar, Harinder P S Makkar, Timo Stadtlander, Nicholas Romano, Klaus Becker
Jatropha seed cake (JSC) is an excellent source of protein but does contain some antinutritional factors (ANF) that can act as toxins and thus negatively affect the growth and health status of fish. While this can limit the use of JSC, detoxified Jatropha protein isolate (DJPI) may be a better option. An 8-week study was performed to evaluate dietary DJPI to common carp Cyprinus carpio. Five iso-nitrogenous diets (crude protein of 38%) were formulated that consisted of a C ontrol (fish meal (FM) based protein), J 50 or J 75 (50 and 75% of FM protein replaced by DJPI), and S 50 or S 75 (50 and 75% of FM protein replaced by soy protein isolate, SPI) and fed to triplicate groups of 75 carp fingerlings (75; av...
September 12, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895501/nourishing-the-spirit-exploratory-research-on-ayahuasca-experiences-along-the-continuum-of-recovery-from-eating-disorders
#8
Adele Lafrance, Anja Loizaga-Velder, Jenna Fletcher, Marika Renelli, Natasha Files, Kenneth W Tupper
Eating disorders (EDs) are serious health conditions that are among the most difficult to treat. Innovative treatments are needed and modalities from across cultures must be considered. Ayahuasca is a psychoactive plant-based tea originally used by Amazonian indigenous groups. A growing body of research points to its promise in the healing of various mental health issues. This study explored the potential therapeutic value of ayahuasca in the context of EDs, including the perceived impact of the preparatory diet and the ayahuasca purge...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887684/plant-based-nutrition-an-essential-component-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-and-management
#9
REVIEW
Hena Patel, Sonal Chandra, Sarah Alexander, Jeffrey Soble, Kim Allan Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize and discuss the role of plant-based nutrition as an adjunct to the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Discussion of nutrition and the benefits of a plant-based diet should be highlighted during healthcare provider visits as an essential part of the overall CVD prevention and management care plan. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of predominantly plant-based foods, such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, is associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD...
September 8, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885977/estimated-effects-of-future-atmospheric-co2-concentrations-on-protein-intake-and-the-risk-of-protein-deficiency-by-country-and-region
#10
Danielle E Medek, Joel Schwartz, Samuel S Myers
BACKGROUND: Crops grown under elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations (eCO2) contain less protein. Crops particularly affected include rice and wheat, which are primary sources of dietary protein for many countries. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate global and country-specific risks of protein deficiency attributable to anthropogenic CO2 emissions by 2050. METHODS: To model per capita protein intake in countries around the world under eCO2, we first established the effect size of eCO2 on the protein concentration of edible portions of crops by performing a meta-analysis of published literature...
August 2, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883903/dietary-polyphenols-mediterranean-diet-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-a-narrative-review-of-the-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Jordi Merino, Qi Sun, Montse Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Dietary polyphenols come mainly from plant-based foods including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, coffee, tea, and nuts. Polyphenols may influence glycemia and type 2 diabetes (T2D) through different mechanisms, such as promoting the uptake of glucose in tissues, and therefore improving insulin sensitivity. This review aims to summarize the evidence from clinical trials and observational prospective studies linking dietary polyphenols to prediabetes and T2D, with a focus on polyphenol-rich foods characteristic of the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881466/a-hot-lunch-for-herbivores-physiological-effects-of-elevated-temperatures-on-mammalian-feeding-ecology
#12
Phillipa K Beale, Karen J Marsh, William J Foley, Ben D Moore
Mammals maintain specific body temperatures (Tb ) across a broad range of ambient temperatures. The energy required for thermoregulation ultimately comes from the diet, and so what animals eat is inextricably linked to thermoregulation. Endothermic herbivores must balance energy requirements and expenditure with complicated thermoregulatory challenges from changing thermal, nutritional and toxicological environments. In this review we provide evidence that plant-based diets can influence thermoregulation beyond the control of herbivores, and that this can render them susceptible to heat stress...
September 7, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880991/a-comparison-of-alkaline-water-and-mediterranean-diet-vs-proton-pump-inhibition-for-treatment-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#13
Craig H Zalvan, Shirley Hu, Barbara Greenberg, Jan Geliebter
Importance: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a common disorder with protean manifestations in the head and neck. In this retrospective study, we report the efficacy of a wholly dietary approach using alkaline water, a plant-based, Mediterranean-style diet, and standard reflux precautions compared with that of the traditional treatment approach of proton pump inhibition (PPI) and standard reflux precautions. Objective: To determine whether treatment with a diet-based approach with standard reflux precautions alone can improve symptoms of LPR compared with treatment with PPI and standard reflux precautions...
September 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879580/plant-and-animal-micrornas-mirnas-and-their-potential-for-inter-kingdom-communication
#14
REVIEW
Yuhai Zhao, Lin Cong, Walter J Lukiw
microRNAs (miRNAs) comprise a class of ~18-25 nucleotide (nt) single-stranded non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) that are the smallest known carriers of gene-encoded, post-transcriptional regulatory information in both plants and animals. There are many fundamental similarities between plant and animal miRNAs-the miRNAs of both kingdoms play essential roles in development, aging and disease, and the shaping of the transcriptome of many cell types. Both plant and animal miRNAs appear to predominantly exert their genetic and transcriptomic influences by regulating gene expression at the level of messenger RNA (mRNA) stability and/or translational inhibition...
September 6, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877369/diet-and-feeding-behavior-of-a-group-of-42-phayre-s-langurs-in-a-seasonal-habitat-in-mt-gaoligong-yunnan-china
#15
Chi Ma, Peng-Fei Fan, Zhong-Yuan Zhang, Jia-Hong Li, Xiao-Chun Shi, Wen Xiao
In habitats such as temperate evergreen forests, fruit, and seed productivity is reported to exhibit marked changes in seasonal availability, such that fruit is most available in summer and seeds are most available in autumn. Primates living in these habitats, therefore, are expected to adjust their diets in response to the spatial and temporal variation in these food resources. We studied the diet and feeding behavior of a group of 42 Phayre's langurs (Trachypithecus phayrei) living in a northern (24°48'N) montane habitat (1,700-2,350 m) in Mt...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871246/succession-and-fermentation-products-of-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-hindgut-microbiota-in-response-to-an-extreme-dietary-shift
#16
Yao Tong Hao, Shan Gong Wu, Fan Xiong, Ngoc T Tran, Ivan Jakovlić, Hong Zou, Wen Xiang Li, Gui Tang Wang
Dietary intake affects the structure and function of microbes in host intestine. However, the succession of gut microbiota in response to changes in macronutrient levels during a long period of time remains insufficiently studied. Here, we determined the succession and metabolic products of intestinal microbiota in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) undergoing an abrupt and extreme diet change, from fish meal to Sudan grass (Sorghum sudanense). Grass carp hindgut microbiota responded rapidly to the diet shift, reaching a new equilibrium approximately within 11 days...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868222/linkage-disequilibrium-based-association-mapping-of-micronutrients-in-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-a-collection-of-jammu-kashmir-india
#17
Reetika Mahajan, Sajad Majeed Zargar, R K Salgotra, Ravinder Singh, Aijaz Ahmad Wani, Muslima Nazir, Parvaze A Sofi
Micronutrient deficiencies are of major concern in human health and plant metabolism. Iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), iodine (I), selenium (Se) are regarded as micronutrients having major impact on human health. More than 50% of populations mainly from developing countries are suffering from one or the other micronutrient malnutrition. Ensuring adequate supply of these micronutrients through diet consisting of staple foods, such as common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is must. Here, we evaluated common bean genotypes that were collected from various regions of Jammu and Kashmir, India for Fe, Zn and protein contents and used SSRs to identify the markers associated with these traits...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868057/selenium-induced-toxicity-is-counteracted-by-sulfur-in-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-l-var-italica
#18
Ming Tian, Maixia Hui, Theodore W Thannhauser, Siyi Pan, Li Li
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for humans. Increasing Se content in food crops offers an effective approach to enhance the consumption of Se in human diets. A thoroughly understanding of the effects of Se on plant growth is important for Se biofortification in food crops. Given that Se is an analog of sulfur (S) and can be toxic to plants, its effect on plant growth is expected to be greatly affected by S nutrition. However, this remains to be further understood. Here, we evaluated the influence of Se treatments on broccoli (Brassica oleracea L...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867104/the-bioavailability-of-iron-zinc-protein-and-vitamin-a-is-highly-variable-in-french-individual-diets-impact-on-nutrient-inadequacy-assessment-and-relation-with-the-animal-to-plant-ratio-of-diets
#19
Marlène Perignon, Tangui Barré, Rozenn Gazan, Marie-Josèphe Amiot, Nicole Darmon
Nutritional adequacy depends on nutrient intakes and bioavailability which strongly varies with the plant- or animal-origin of foods. The aim was to estimate iron, zinc, protein and vitamin A bioavailability from individual diets, and investigate its relation with the animal-to-plant ratio (A/P) of diets. Bioavailability was estimated in 1899 French diets using diet-based algorithms or food-group specific conversion factors. Nutrient inadequacy was estimated based on i) bioavailability calculated in each individual diet and ii) average bioavailability assumed for Western-diets...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865855/could-predicting-fatty-acid-profile-by-mid-infrared-reflectance-spectroscopy-be-used-as-a-method-to-increase-the-value-added-by-milk-production-chains
#20
M Coppa, A Revello-Chion, D Giaccone, E Tabacco, G Borreani
The aims of this work were (1) to develop prediction equations from mid-infrared spectroscopy (MIRS) to establish a detailed fatty acid (FA) composition of milk; (2) to propose a milk FA index, utilizing MIRS-developed equations, in which the precision of the FA-prediction equations is taken into account to increase the value of milk; and (3) to show application examples. A total of 651 bulk cow milk samples were collected from 245 commercial farms in northwest Italy. The results of the 651 gas chromatography analyses were used to establish (421 samples) and to validate (230 samples) the outcomes of the FA composition prediction that had been obtained by MIRS...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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