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Depression cytokine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811490/mammary-tumors-induce-central-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-expression-but-not-behavioral-deficits-in-balb-c-mice
#1
William H Walker Ii, Jeremy C Borniger, Surbhi, Abigail A Zalenski, Stevie L Muscarella, Julie A Fitzgerald, Ning Zhang, Monica M Gaudier-Diaz, A Courtney DeVries
Breast cancer survivors are more likely to develop mood disorders and cognitive deficits than women in the general population. Previous studies suggest that peripheral tumors elicit central pro-inflammatory cytokine production, in turn leading to depression and cognitive deficits. In the current study, two cohorts of female Balb/C mice received bilateral orthotopic injections of syngeneic 67NR, 4T07, or 4T1cells (1 × 10(5) cells per injection) to induce mammary tumors. Approximately three weeks later, learned fear (via fear conditioning) or depressive-like behavior (via tail suspension and forced swim test) was assessed...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803923/stress-induced-neural-reorganization-a-conceptual-framework-linking-depression-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer A Ross, Gediminas Gliebus, Elisabeth J Van Bockstaele
Chronic stress is a risk factor for a number of physiological disorders including cardiovascular disease, obesity and gastrointestinal disorders, as well as psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. There are a number of underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms altered in the course of chronic stress, which may increase the vulnerability of individuals to develop psychiatric disorders such as depression, and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's Disease (AD). This is evident in the influence of stress on large-scale brain networks, including the resting state Default Mode Network (DMN), the effects of stress on neuronal circuitry and architecture, and the cellular and molecular adaptations to stress, which may render individuals with stress related psychiatric disorders more vulnerable to neurodegenerative disease later in life...
August 10, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798699/schizophrenia-or-atypical-lupus-erythematosus-with-predominant-psychiatric-manifestations-over-25%C3%A2-years-case-analysis-and-review
#3
Axel Mack, Christiane Pfeiffer, E Marion Schneider, Karl Bechter
We observed a case over 25 years of relapsing-remitting schizophrenic spectrum disorder, varying regarding the main symptomatology between more depressive or more schizoaffective or rather typical schizophrenic syndrome. Diseased phases were repeatedly accompanied by minor skin lesions, which were initially classified as mixed tissue disorder. Psychotic phases were waxing-waning over years. During one later relapse, skin involvement was severe, classified to likely represent an allergic reaction to psychopharmaca; this generalized exanthema remitted rapidly with cortisone treatment and azathioprine...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797869/association-of-inflammatory-cytokines-with-the-symptom-cluster-of-pain-fatigue-depression-and-sleep-disturbance-in-chinese-patients-with-cancer
#4
Yan-Bo Ji, Chun-Lu Bo, Xiu-Juan Xue, En-Ming Weng, Guang-Chao Gao, Bei-Bei Dai, Kai-Wen Ding, Cui-Ping Xu
CONTEXT: Pain, fatigue, depression, and sleep disturbance are common in patients with cancer and usually co-occur as a symptom cluster. However, the mechanism underlying this symptom cluster is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify subgroups of cluster symptoms, compare demographic and clinical characteristics between subgroups, and examine the associations between inflammatory cytokines and cluster symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 170 Chinese inpatients with cancer from two tertiary hospitals...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797194/contributions-of-early-adversity-to-pro-inflammatory-phenotype-in-infancy-the-buffer-provided-by-attachment-security
#5
Jeffrey R Measelle, Jennifer C Ablow
Adversity early in life is associated with systemic inflammation by adolescence and beyond. At present, few studies have investigated the associations between different forms of adversity and inflammation during infancy, making it difficult to specify the origins of disease vulnerability. This study examined the association between multiple forms of early adversity - socioeconomic status disadvantage, familial stress, maternal depression, and security of attachment - and individual differences in a composite measure of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and the inflammatory protein C-reactive protein that were collected via saliva when (n = 49) children were 17 months old...
August 11, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792696/the-role-of-cytokines-in-the-peripheral-blood-of-major-depressive-patients
#6
Yili Chen, Juan Ouyang, Sujie Liu, Shihong Zhang, Peisong Chen, Tang Jiang
BACKGROUND: Recent technological advances offer an opportunity to further elucidate the complex cytokine network in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The objective of this study was to investigate the role of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the mechanism of depressive disorders. Given the activating role of cytokines on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and the relevance of its regulation in MDD, we also analyzed the relationships between several cytokines and cortisol levels...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789949/reduced-hippocampal-il-10-expression-altered-monoaminergic-activity-and-anxiety-and-depressive-like-behavior-in-female-mice-subjected-to-chronic-social-instability-stress
#7
Ainitze Labaka, Eneritz Gómez-Lázaro, Oscar Vegas, Joana Pérez-Tejada, Amaia Arregi, Larraitz Garmendia
Evidence indicates that release of pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by social stress contributes to affective disorders. Additionally, there are known sex differences in both the stress response and the stressors that can elicit this response. In this regard, the chronic social instability (CSI) rodent model of stress appears to be the best fit for the social nature of females. This study analyzed the effects of CSI on female mouse behavior, hippocampal cytokine expression, tryptophan metabolism and monoaminergic activity...
August 5, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782180/down-regulation-of-mir-10a-5p-in-synoviocytes-contributes-to-tbx5-controlled-joint-inflammation
#8
Nazim Hussain, Wenhua Zhu, Congshan Jiang, Jing Xu, Xiaoying Wu, Manman Geng, Safdar Hussain, Yongsong Cai, Ke Xu, Peng Xu, Yan Han, Jian Sun, Liesu Meng, Shemin Lu
MicroRNAs are considered to play critical roles in the pathogenesis of human inflammatory arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between miR-10a-5p and TBX5 in synoviocytes and evaluate their contribution to joint inflammation. The expression of miR-10a-5p and TBX5 in the synovium of RA and human synovial sarcoma cell line SW982 stimulated by IL-1β was determined by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. The direct interaction between miR-10a-5p and TBX5 3'UTR was determined by dual-luciferase reporter assay in HeLa cells...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779999/th17-cells-in-depression
#9
REVIEW
Eléonore Beurel, Jeffrey A Lowell
T helper 17 (Th17) cells have recently been implicated in depression, which adds to the list of several other diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) that are already known to involve Th17 cells. In CNS diseases, it is thought that the signature cytokine produced by Th17 cells, interleukin-17A (IL-17A), mediates the detrimental effects of Th17 cells. In depression, although Th17 cells increase, the lack of a correlation between depression severity and blood IL-17A levels suggests that Th17 cells promote depressive symptoms, which may not be entirely dependent on IL-17...
August 2, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769008/ketamine-alleviates-depressive-like-behaviors-via-down-regulating-inflammatory-cytokines-induced-by-chronic-restraint-stress-in-mice
#10
Sijie Tan, Yan Wang, Ke Chen, Zhifeng Long, Ju Zou
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether ketamine's rapid antidepressant effects were associated with its anti-inflammatory actions and to explore the underlying molecular mechanism. Depressive-like behaviors was induced in mice using chronic restraint stress (CRS) method. Anti-depressive effects of ketamine were evaluated by forced swimming tests (FST) and sucrose preference test (SPT). Subsequently, brain tissue was harvested to investigate inflammatory response in the hippocampus via investigating reactive microglia numbers, serum cytokines levels and the toll-like receptor type 4 (TLR4)/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763492/pancreatic-atrophy-caused-by-dietary-selenium-deficiency-induces-hypoinsulinemic-hyperglycemia-via-global-down-regulation-of-selenoprotein-encoding-genes-in-broilers
#11
Jingyang Xu, Longqiong Wang, Jiayong Tang, Gang Jia, Guangmang Liu, Xiaoling Chen, Jingyi Cai, Haiying Shang, Hua Zhao
This study was envisaged to comprehensively profile genes in selected tissues along with a few biochemical indicators and integrate resulting information with dietary selenium (Se) deficiency symptoms in broilers. A total of 120 one-day-old Cobb male broilers were equally divided into two groups and fed a Se deficient corn-soybean-based basal diet supplemented with 0.3 mg/kg sodium selenite (Control, Se adequate) or without selenite (Se deficiency) for five weeks. Effects of Se deficiency on mRNA abundance of twenty-three selenoprotein encoding genes and seventeen insulin signaling related genes were studied at day 35 in pancreas, liver and muscle along with plasma biochemical constituents and enzyme activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762741/suppressive-effect-of-ginsenoside-rg3-against-lipopolysaccharide-induced-depression-like-behavior-and-neuroinflammation-in-mice
#12
An Kang, Tong Xie, Dong Zhu, Jinjun Shan, Liuqing Di, Xiao Zheng
Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), a major active ingredient enriched in red ginseng, possesses well-confirmed immunoregulatory effects. Immune disturbance is a common trigger and aggravating factor of depression. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of Rg3 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depression-like behavior in mice and the involvement of immune regulation. Pretreatment with Rg3 (i.g., 20 and 40 mg/kg) effectively ameliorated LPS (i.p., 0.83 mg/kg) induced body weight loss, anorexia, and immobility time in both the tail suspension test and the forced swimming test...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757328/interferon-%C3%AE-causes-mood-abnormalities-by-altering-cannabinoid-cb1-receptor-function-in-the-mouse-striatum
#13
Georgia Mandolesi, Silvia Bullitta, Diego Fresegna, Antonietta Gentile, Francesca De Vito, Ettore Dolcetti, Francesca R Rizzo, Georgios Strimpakos, Diego Centonze, Alessandra Musella
Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and in its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The type-1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1Rs) are heavily involved in MS pathophysiology, and a growing body of evidence suggests that mood disturbances reflect specific effects of proinflammatory cytokines on neuronal activity. Here, we investigated whether IFN-γ could exert a role in the anxiety- and depressive-like behavior observed in mice with EAE, and in the modulation of CB1Rs...
July 27, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753980/transgenerational-social-stress-alters-immune-behavior-associations-and-the-response-to-vaccination
#14
Alexandria Hicks-Nelson, Gillian Beamer, Kursat Gurel, Rachel Cooper, Benjamin C Nephew
Similar to the multi-hit theory of schizophrenia, social behavior pathologies are mediated by multiple factors across generations, likely acting additively, synergistically, or antagonistically. Exposure to social adversity, especially during early life, has been proposed to induce depression symptoms through immune mediated mechanisms. Basal immune factors are altered in a variety of neurobehavioral models. In the current study, we assessed two aspects of a transgenerational chronic social stress (CSS) rat model and its effects on the immune system...
July 21, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752903/erythropoietin-prevents-the-effect-of-chronic-restraint-stress-on-the-number-of-hippocampal-ca3c-dendritic-terminals-relation-to-expression-of-genes-involved-in-synaptic-plasticity-angiogenesis-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-male-rats
#15
Nadia Aalling, Ida Hageman, Kamilla Miskowiak, Dariusz Orlowski, Gregers Wegener, Gitta Wortwein
Stress-induced allostatic load affects a variety of biological processes including synaptic plasticity, angiogenesis, oxidative stress, and inflammation in the brain, especially in the hippocampus. Erythropoietin (EPO) is a pleiotropic cytokine that has shown promising neuroprotective effects. Recombinant human EPO is currently highlighted as a new candidate treatment for cognitive impairment in neuropsychiatric disorders. Because EPO enhances synaptic plasticity, attenuates oxidative stress, and inhibits generation of proinflammatory cytokines, EPO may be able to modulate the effects of stress-induced allostatic load at the molecular level...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751018/deletion-of-the-p2x4-receptor-is-neuroprotective-acutely-but-induces-a-depressive-phenotype-during-recovery-from-ischemic-stroke
#16
Rajkumar Verma, Chunxia G Cronin, Jacob Hudobenko, Venugopal R Venna, Louise D McCullough, Bruce T Liang
INTRODUCTION: Acute ischemic injury leads to severe neuronal loss. One of the key mechanisms responsible for this effect is inflammation, which is characterized by the activation of myeloid cells, including resident microglia and infiltrating monocytes/macrophages. P2X4 receptors (P2X4Rs) present on these immune cells modulate the inflammatory response. For example, excessive release of adenosine triphosphate during acute ischemic stroke triggers stimulation of P2X4Rs, leading to myeloid cell activation and proliferation and further exacerbating post-ischemic inflammation...
July 24, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748390/mir-27b-3p-mir-181a-1-3p-and-mir-326-5p-are%C3%A2-involved-in-the-inhibition-of-macrophage-activation-in-chronic-liver-injury
#17
Weiyang Li, Na Chang, Lei Tian, Jingjing Yang, Xiaofang Ji, Jieshi Xie, Lin Yang, Liying Li
Macrophages are central players in inflammation, which leads to liver injury. It has been reported that continuous macrophage activation initiates this process. Our previous data show that the anti-inflammatory factor, 15-deoxy-Δ(12, 14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), inhibits bone marrow (BM)-derived macrophage (BMM) migration and inflammatory cytokine production. However, the underlying mechanism of 15d-PGJ2 inhibited BMM activation is still unclear. Here, we evaluate the role of 15d-PGJ2/PPARγ axis in BMM activation...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740537/the-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-invigorating-kidney-and-supplementing-qi-chinese-herbal-formulae-in-asthma-patients
#18
Lingwen Kong, Hongying Zhang, Yuxue Cao, Jingjing Le, Jinfeng Wu, Baojun Liu, Meixia Chen, Yijie Du, Jia Wang, Genfa Wang, Tao Yi, Xianmei Zhou, Gang Wang, Qing Miao, Suyun Li, Naiqing Zhao, Jingcheng Dong
BACKGROUND: The theories of Shen-reinforcement and Qi-supplementation are important in asthma treatment based on traditional Chinese medicine theories. Early studies suggested that Invigorating Kidney and Supplementing Qi herbal formulae, Bu Shen Fang Chuan (BSFC) and Bu Shen Yi Qi (BSYQ), conveyed promising results in asthma treatment. However, the efficacy and safety of the formulae need to be further investigated by a randomized double-blind clinical trial. METHODS: 328 eligible patients were randomly sent to BSFC, BSYQ, and placebo group...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740415/the-extracellular-matrix-of-eggshell-displays-anti-inflammatory-activities-through-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-lps-triggered-human-immune-cells
#19
Tram T Vuong, Sissel B Rønning, Henri-Pierre Suso, Ralf Schmidt, Kristian Prydz, Marlene Lundström, Anders Moen, Mona E Pedersen
Avian eggshell membrane (ESM) is a natural biomaterial that has been used as an alternative natural bandage on burned and cut skin injuries for >400 years in Asian countries, and is available in large quantities from egg industries. Our aim was to characterize ESM that was separated and processed from egg waste, and to study whether this material possesses anti-inflammatory properties, making it suitable as an ingredient in industrial production of low cost wound healing products. Our results show that the processed ESM particles retain a fibrous structure similar to that observed for the native membrane, and contain collagen, and carbohydrate components such as hyaluronic acid and sulfated glycosaminoglycans, as well as N-glycans, mostly with uncharged structures...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738369/inflammatory-and-innate-immune-markers-of-neuroprogression-in-depressed-and-teenage-suicide-brain
#20
Ghanshyam N Pandey
Several studies suggest that major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BPD) are neuroprogressive illnesses. Besides clinical features, neurobiological mechanisms have been suggested to contribute to the neuroprogression of mood disorders. Biological factors that have been shown to contribute significantly toward the neuroprogressive course of these disorders are inflammatory markers, such as cytokines. Cytokines have been extensively investigated, primarily in the serum of MDD and BPD patients, and these studies show cytokine abnormalities in both adolescent and adult patients with mood disorders...
2017: Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry
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