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Ke-Jing Lee, Yu-Chi Chang, Cheng-Jung Lee, Li-Wen Wang, Yeong-Her Wang
A one-transistor and one-resistor (1T1R) architecture with a resistive random access memory (RRAM) cell connected to an organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) device is successfully demonstrated to avoid the cross-talk issues of only one RRAM cell. The OTFT device, which uses barium zirconate nickelate (BZN) as a dielectric layer, exhibits favorable electrical properties, such as a high field-effect mobility of 5 cm²/Vs, low threshold voltage of -1.1 V, and low leakage current of 10-12 A, for a driver in the 1T1R operation scheme...
December 9, 2017: Materials
Chao Liu, Andrew H Knoll, Robert M Hazen
The mineralogy and geochemistry associated with Rodinian assembly (~1.3-0.9 Ga) are significantly different from those of other supercontinents. Compared to other supercontinents, relatively more Nb-bearing minerals, Y-bearing minerals, and zircons formed during Rodinian assembly, with corresponding enrichments of Nb, Y, and Zr concentrations in igneous rocks. By contrast, minerals bearing many other elements (e.g., Ni, Co, Au, Se, and platinum group elements) are significantly less abundant, without corresponding depletion of Ni and Co concentrations in igneous rocks...
December 5, 2017: Nature Communications
Linsheng Huo, Xu Li, Hongnan Li, Zhijie Wang, Gangbing Song
Embedded Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) transducers have been widely used in research related to monitoring the health status of concrete structures. This paper presents a dynamic model of an embeddable PZT transducer with a waterproof layer and a protecting layer. The proposed model is verified by finite-element method (FEM). Based on the proposed model, the factors influencing the dynamic property of the embeddable PZT transducers, which include the material and thickness of the protecting layer, the material and thickness of the waterproof layer, and the thickness of the PZT, are analyzed...
December 5, 2017: Sensors
Sarah Guerin, Aimee Stapleton, Drahomir Chovan, Rabah Mouras, Matthew Gleeson, Cian McKeown, Mohamed Radzi Noor, Christophe Silien, Fernando M F Rhen, Andrei L Kholkin, Ning Liu, Tewfik Soulimane, Syed A M Tofail, Damien Thompson
Piezoelectricity, the linear relationship between stress and induced electrical charge, has attracted recent interest due to its manifestation in biological molecules such as synthetic polypeptides or amino acid crystals, including gamma (γ) glycine. It has also been demonstrated in bone, collagen, elastin and the synthetic bone mineral hydroxyapatite. Piezoelectric coefficients exhibited by these biological materials are generally low, typically in the range of 0.1-10 pm V-1, limiting technological applications...
December 4, 2017: Nature Materials
Yonatan Calahorra, Michael Smith, Anuja Datta, Hadas Benisty, Sohini Kar-Narayan
There has been tremendous interest in piezoelectricity at the nanoscale, for example in nanowires and nanofibers where piezoelectric properties may be enhanced or controllably tuned, thus necessitating robust characterization techniques of piezoelectric response in nanomaterials. Piezo-response force microscopy (PFM) is a well-established scanning probe technique routinely used to image piezoelectric/ferroelectric domains in thin films, however, its applicability to nanoscale objects is limited due to the requirement for physical contact with an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip that may cause dislocation or damage, particularly to soft materials, during scanning...
December 1, 2017: Nanoscale
Manglesh Yadav, Manisha Mondal, Lakshmi Mukhopadhyay, Vineet Kumar Rai
Tm3+/Yb3+/Zn2+:YVO4 phosphors prepared through chemical coprecipitation and solid state reaction method have been structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) study. The photoluminescence study of the developed phosphors under ultraviolet (UV) and near infrared (NIR) excitation has been performed. The excitation spectrum of the tetragonal zircon type YVO4 phosphors corresponding to the emission at ~ 476 nm exhibits a broad excitation peak in the 250-350 nm region which is due to charge distribution in the VO43- group...
November 29, 2017: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
Katlyn M Turner, Cameron L Tracy, Wendy L Mao, Rodney C Ewing
Lanthanide stannate pyrochlores (Ln2Sn2O7; Ln  =  Nd, Gd, and Er) were investigated in situ to 50 GPa in order to determine their structural response to compression and compare their response to that of lanthanide titanate, zirconate, and hafnate pyrochlores. The cation radius ratio of A3+/B4+ in pyrochlore oxides (A2B2O7) is thought to be the dominant feature that influences their response on compression. The ionic radius of Sn4+ is intermediate to that of Ti4+, Zr4+, and Hf4+, but the 〈Sn-O〉 bond in stannate pyrochlore is more covalent than the 〈B-O〉 bonds in titanates, zirconate, and hafnates...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Hanchao Jiang, Ning Zhong, Yanhao Li, Xiaolin Ma, Hongyan Xu, Wei Shi, Siqi Zhang, Gaozhong Nie
Lacustrine sediments on the eastern Tibetan Plateau (TP) contain a wealth of information on local and regional tectonic activity. High-resolution grain-size and magnetic susceptibility measurements were conducted on the 23.4-m-thick Lixian lacustrine sedimentary sequence spanning from 19.3 to 6.0 ka, revealing 70 prehistoric seismic events on the eastern TP. The seismic events caused intermittent increases in source materials that endowed the samples of an individual event layer with a gradual fining trend along the C = M line on a C (one percentile)-M (median diameter) plot...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Wei-Qiang Liao, Yuan-Yuan Tang, Peng-Fei Li, Yu-Meng You, Ren-Gen Xiong
Piezoelectric materials have been widely used in various applications, such as high-voltage sources, actuators, sensors, motors, fre-quency standard, vibration reducer, and so on. In the past decades, lead zirconate titanate (PZT) binary ferroelectric ceramics have dominated the commercial piezoelectric market due to their excellent properties near the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB), although they contain more than 60% toxic lead element. Here, we report a lead-free and one-composition molecular ferroelectric trimethylbromomethylammonium tribromomanganese (ΙΙ) (TMBM-MnBr3) with a large piezoelectric coefficient d33 of 112 pC/N along polar axis, comparable with those of typically one-composition piezoceramics such as BaTiO3 along polar axis [001] (~90 pC/N) and much greater than those of most known molecular ferroelectrics (almost below 40 pC/N)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Katlyn M Turner, Cameron L Tracy, Wendy L Mao, Rodney C Ewing
Lanthanide stannate pyrochlores (Ln2Sn2O7; Ln=Nd, Gd, and Er) were investigated in situ to 50 GPa in order to determine their structural response to compression and compare it to that of lanthanide titanate, zirconate, and hafnate pyrochlores. The cation radius ratio of A3+/B4+ in pyrochlore oxides (A2B2O7) is thought to be the dominant property that influences their compression response. The ionic radius of Sn4+ is intermediate to that of Ti4+, Zr4+, and Hf4+, but the <Sn-O> bond in stannate pyrochlore is more covalent than the <B-O> bonds in titanates, zirconate, and hafnates...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Hui Ye, Chang-Zhi Wu, Tao Yang, M Santosh, Xi-Zhu Yao, Bing-Fei Gao, Xiao-Lei Wang, Weiqiang Li
Banded iron formations (BIFs) in Archean cratons provide important "geologic barcodes" for the global correlation of Precambrian sedimentary records. Here we report the first finding of late Archean BIFs from the Yangtze Craton, one of largest Precambrian blocks in East Asia with an evolutionary history of over 3.3 Ga. The Yingshan iron deposit at the northeastern margin of the Yangtze Craton, displays typical features of BIF, including: (i) alternating Si-rich and Fe-rich bands at sub-mm to meter scales; (ii) high SiO2 + Fe2O3total contents (average 90...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nathan L Andersen, Brian R Jicha, Brad S Singer, Wes Hildreth
Accurate and precise ages of large silicic eruptions are critical to calibrating the geologic timescale and gauging the tempo of changes in climate, biologic evolution, and magmatic processes throughout Earth history. The conventional approach to dating these eruptive products using the (40)Ar/(39)Ar method is to fuse dozens of individual feldspar crystals. However, dispersion of fusion dates is common and interpretation is complicated by increasingly precise data obtained via multicollector mass spectrometry...
November 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
H Khanbareh, S van der Zwaag, W A Groen
Composites of lead zirconate titanate particles in an epoxy matrix are prepared in the form of 0-3 and quasi 1-3 with different ceramic volume contents from 10% to 50%. Two different processing routes are tested. Firstly a conventional dielectrophoretic structuring is used to induce a chain-like particle configuration, followed by curing the matrix and poling at a high temperature and under a high voltage. Secondly a simultaneous combination of dielectrophoresis and poling is applied at room temperature while the polymer is in the liquid state followed by subsequent curing...
November 2017: Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Linsheng Huo, Bo Wang, Dongdong Chen, Gangbing Song
Rock bolts ensure structural stability for tunnels and many other underground structures. The pre-load on a rock bolt plays an important role in the structural reinforcement and it is vital to monitor the pre-load status of rock bolts. In this paper, a rock bolt pre-load monitoring method based on the piezoceramic enabled time reversal method is proposed. A lead zirconate titanate (PZT) patch transducer, which works as an actuator to generate stress waves, is bonded onto the anchor plate of the rock bolt. A smart washer, which is fabricated by sandwiching a PZT patch between two metal rings, is installed between the hex nut and the anchor plate along the rock bolt...
October 27, 2017: Sensors
T C Hernández-Pérez, R Bernal, C Cruz-Vázquez, F Brown, A Mendoza-Córdova, Ch J Salas-Juárez, R Avilés-Monreal
In this work, we report for the very first time on the thermoluminescence (TL) and afterglow (AG) properties of Li2ZrO3. The ternary oxide Li2ZrO3 was synthesized by solid state reaction of a mixture of Li2CO3 and ZrO2 subjected to thermal annealing at 400°C for 2h and 1000°C during 24h in air. The characteristic glow curves of beta particle irradiated samples exhibit an intense TL emission located around 150°C. From the shape of the TL curve, a 0.4 form factor was determined, suggesting that first order kinetics processes are involved...
October 18, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
A Gomez, M Gich, A Carretero-Genevrier, T Puig, X Obradors
While piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials play a key role in many everyday applications, there are still a number of open questions related to their physics. To enhance our understanding of piezoelectrics and ferroelectrics, nanoscale characterization is essential. Here, we develop an atomic force microscopy based mode that obtains a direct quantitative analysis of the piezoelectric coefficient d33. We report nanoscale images of piezogenerated charge in a thick single crystal of periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN), a bismuth ferrite (BiFO3) thin film, and lead zirconate titanate (PZT) by applying a force and recording the current produced by these materials...
October 24, 2017: Nature Communications
Dmitrii A Burdin, Nikolai A Ekonomov, Dmitrii V Chashin, Leonid Y Fetisov, Yuri K Fetisov, Mikhail Shamonin
The dependence of the resonant direct magnetoelectric effect on temperature is studied experimentally in planar composite structures. Samples of rectangular shapes with dimensions of 5 mm × 20 mm employed ferromagnetic layers of either an amorphous (metallic glass) alloy or nickel with a thickness of 20-200 μm and piezoelectric layers of single crystalline langatate material or lead zirconate titanate piezoelectric ceramics with a thickness of 500 μm. The temperature of the samples was varied in a range between 120 and 390 K by blowing a gaseous nitrogen stream around them...
October 16, 2017: Materials
Claudio D'Amico, Giovanni Bianchi, Elisa Padovano, Sara Biamino, Alberta Aversa, Claudio Badini, Alberto Ortona
BACKGROUND: Silicon carbide ceramics obtained by reactive infiltration of silicon (SRI) have many industrial applications especially involving severe and high temperature conditions. In this study, the oxidation behavior in air of Si-SiC-ZrB2 systems at a high temperature (1500°C) for dwelling times of up to 48 hours was examined. METHODS: The oxidation process was analyzed on the basis of elemental maps and X-ray diffraction patterns taken, respectively, on the core and on the surface of the specimens, together with weight gains and the average thicknesses of the resulting scale...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Kazushige Ueda, Yuhei Shimizu, Kouta Nagamizu, Masashi Matsuo, Tetsuo Honma
The difference in Tb(3+) green luminescence intensities in doped perovskite(ABO3)-type alkaline earth stannates, AeSnO3 (Ae = Ca, Sr, Ba), and the Mg codoping effect on the luminescence intensities in doped CaMO3 (M = Sn, Zr) were investigated utilizing the X-ray absorption fine structures (XAFS) of the Tb LIII absorption edge. It is considered that the local symmetry at A sites is responsible for the different Tb(3+) luminescence intensities in AeSnO3 (Ae = Ca, Sr, Ba) doped with Tb ions at A sites. However, it was found from the XAFS spectra that some Tb ions are unintentionally stabilized at B sites as Tb(4+), especially in BaSnO3...
October 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Deng-Fa He, Di Li, Chuan-Xin Li, Ying-Qiang Li, Qing-Hua Mei
Well W117 in the Sichuan Basin reveals a suite of ~814 Ma quartz monzonites, unconformably overlain by Sinian clastic and carbonate sediments. The quartz monzonites contain no muscovite and amphibole, and are characterized by high SiO2 (72.26-77.93%), total alkali, and TFe2O3/MgO content, and low P2O5 and CaO abundance, with variable A/CNK ratio (0.93-1.19), classified as metaluminous to weakly aluminous highly fractionated I-type granites. They are preserved in the Neoproterozoic rift and exhibit restricted negative εNd(t) values (-7...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
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