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Breastmilk, breastfeeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914189/analysis-of-experiences-with-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-hiv-positive-mothers-in-lusaka-zambia
#1
Alice Ngoma-Hazemba, Busisiwe Purity Ncama
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months offers protection from postnatal HIV infection but remains low in resource-poor settings. Documentation of experiences with exclusive breastfeeding is needed to strengthen infant feeding counselling by health care workers. OBJECTIVE: To explore HIV-positive mothers' experiences with exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of the infant's life. DESIGN: A health facility- and community-based exploratory qualitative study was conducted among 30 HIV-positive mothers practising exclusive breastfeeding and meeting the selection criteria...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897979/breastmilk-production-in-the-first-4-weeks-after-birth-of-term-infants
#2
Jacqueline C Kent, Hazel Gardner, Donna T Geddes
Breastmilk provides the ideal nutrition for the infant, and exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months. Adequate milk production by the mother is therefore critical, and early milk production has been shown to significantly affect milk production during established lactation. Previous studies indicate that milk production should reach the lower limit of normal for established lactation (440 mL per day) by day 11 after birth. We have used test-weighing of term infants before and after each breastfeed over 24 h to measure milk production in the first 4 weeks of lactation in mothers with and without perceived breastfeeding problems to provide information on how often milk production is inadequate...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870812/does-breastfeeding-protect-young-infants-from-pertussis-case-control-study-and-immunologic-evaluation
#3
Elisabetta Pandolfi, Francesco Gesualdo, Emanuela Carloni, Alberto Villani, Fabio Midulla, Rita Carsetti, Paola Stefanelli, Giorgio Fedele, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi
BACKGROUND: Pertussis infection can be severe in unvaccinated infants. A case control study was conducted to investigate the potential role of breastfeeding in protecting young, unvaccinated infants from pertussis. METHODS: Hospitalized infants < 6 months with positive RT-PCR for pertussis on nasopharyngeal aspirate were enrolled as cases; healthy controls were enrolled among patients admitted for ultrasound screening. Vaccinated infants were excluded. Sociodemographic, clinical and feeding information were collected...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846071/maternal-and-breastmilk-viral-load-impacts-of-adherence-on-peripartum-hiv-infections-averted-the-breastfeeding-antiretrovirals-and-nutrition-study
#4
Nicole L Davis, William C Miller, Michael G Hudgens, Charles S Chasela, Dorothy Sichali, Dumbani Kayira, Julie A E Nelson, Susan A Fiscus, Gerald Tegha, Deborah D Kamwendo, Joseph Rigdon, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Jonathan J Juliano, Sascha R Ellington, Athena P Kourtis, Denise J Jamieson, Charles van der Horst
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral (ARV) interventions are used to reduce HIV viral replication and prevent mother-to-child transmission. Viral suppression relies on adherence to ARVs. METHODS: A 2-phase study was conducted using data from the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition study. We included mothers randomized to 28 weeks of postpartum ARVs with ≥1 plasma or breastmilk specimen. All mothers who transmitted HIV to their infants from 2-28 weeks (n = 31) and 15% of mothers who did not (n = 232) were included...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777609/perceptions-related-to-breastfeeding-and-the-early-introduction-of-complementary-foods-amongst-migrants-in-cape-town-south-africa
#5
Jo Hunter-Adams, Landon Myer, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding recommendations are of health importance, yet the extent to which migrant communities in low- and middle-income countries know or implement these recommendations is poorly understood. This study explores the perspectives of infant feeding amongst cross-border migrants in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Between February and October 2013, semi-structured in-depth interviews (n = 23) were conducted face-to-face with Congolese, Somali and Zimbabwean mothers living in Cape Town...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751205/-epigenetic-effects-of-human-breastfeeding
#6
Jing-Ran Ma, Dan-Hua Wang
Breastfeeding is well-known for its benefits of preventing communicable and non-communicable diseases. Human breastmilk consists not only of nutrients, but also of bioactive substances. What's more, the epigenetic effects of human breast milk may also play an important role. Alterations in the epigenetic regulation of genes may lead to profound changes in phenotype. Clarifying the role of human breast milk on genetic expression can potentially benefit the infant's health and his later life. This review article makes a brief summary of the epigenetic mechanism of breast milk, and its epigenetic effects on neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis, infectious diseases, metabolism syndrome, cognitive function and anaphylactic diseases...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664771/contested-moral-landscapes-negotiating-breastfeeding-stigma-in-breastmilk-sharing-nighttime-breastfeeding-and-long-term-breastfeeding-in-the-u-s-and-the-u-k
#7
Cecilia Tomori, Aunchalee E L Palmquist, Sally Dowling
Recent public health breastfeeding promotion efforts have galvanized media debates about breastfeeding in wealthy, Euro-American settings. A growing body of research demonstrates that while breastfeeding is increasingly viewed as important for health, mothers continue to face significant structural and cultural barriers. Concerns have been raised about the moralizing aspects of breastfeeding promotion and its detrimental effects on those who do not breastfeed. Far less, however, is known about the moral experiences of those who pursue breastfeeding...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641715/breastfeeding-improvement-following-tongue-tie-and-lip-tie-release-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Bobak A Ghaheri, Melissa Cole, Sarah C Fausel, Maria Chuop, Jess C Mace
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Numerous symptoms may arise that prevent mother-infant dyads from maintaining desired breastfeeding intervals. Investigations into treatments that positively influence breastfeeding outcomes allow for improved patient counseling for treatment decisions to optimize breastfeeding quality. This investigation aimed to determine the impact of surgical tongue-tie/lip-tie release on breastfeeding impairment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study from June 2014 to April 2015 in a private practice setting...
September 19, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603881/-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding
#9
María Eugenia Flores-Quijano, Solange Heller-Rouassant
During pregnancy and breastfeeding the demand for nutrients that promote the growth and development of the fetus, maternal tissues and breastmilk production is increased. Milk and dairy products provide energy, proteins, fatty acids, carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, vitamins D and B12, therefore their importance during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The energy through food supply allows the development and growth from the conception; protein promotes the rapid growth of the maternal and fetal tissues: fatty acids stimulate the development of the fetus central nervous system; carbohydrates are essential to support fetal brain growth; calcium is essential for the formation and mineralization of the fetus skeleton, while vitamin D promotes calcium absorption and the development of the nervous and immune systems...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568829/public-opinions-about-infant-feeding-in-the-united-states
#10
Jennifer M Nelson, Ruowei Li, Cria G Perrine, Kelley S Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life. However, many barriers to breastfeeding exist. We examine public opinions about the benefits of breastfeeding and the infant health risks associated with formula feeding. METHODS: A national public opinion survey was conducted in 2013. Participants indicated their level of agreement with four breastfeeding-related statements. Except for the last one, all statements were positively worded with agreement representing positive opinions toward breastfeeding...
December 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566456/early-oral-exposure-to-house-dust-mite-allergen-through-breast-milk-a%C3%A2-potential-risk-factor-for-allergic-sensitization-and-respiratory-allergies-in-children
#11
Nour Baïz, Patricia Macchiaverni, Meri K Tulic, Akila Rekima, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Valérie Verhasselt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537910/a-comparison-by-milk-feeding-method-of-the-nutrient-intake-of-a-cohort-of-australian-toddlers
#12
Jane Scott, Kristina Davey, Ellen Ahwong, Gemma Devenish, Diep Ha, Loc Do
Breastfeeding is recommended beyond 12 months of age, but little is known about the contribution of breastmilk and infant formula to the nutritional intake of toddlers as they transition to a family diet in the second year of life. This study is a cross-sectional analysis of data collected from a birth cohort study in Adelaide, Australia. Dietary intake data were collected when children were approximately 1 year of age by an interviewer-administered multi-pass 24 h recall and a mother-completed 2 days food diary...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533629/-seeing-is-believing-dermatoscope-facilitated-breast-examination-of-the-breastfeeding-woman-with-nipple-pain
#13
Sody A Naimer, William F Silverman
BACKGROUND: It is well recognized that breastmilk provides optimal nutrition and immunological protection for infants. Many women, however, experience nipple pain while breastfeeding, leading to premature cessation of nursing. To overcome these difficulties, timely diagnosis is crucial to effectively treat the underlying pathology and permit resumption of breastfeeding. Examination of the superficial breast plays a key role in accurate diagnosis. Traditional direct inspection is clearly inadequate for this task...
September 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520557/creating-supportive-breastfeeding-policies-in-early-childhood-education-programs-a-qualitative-study-from-a-multi-site-intervention
#14
Eric E Calloway, Katie L Stern, Daniel J Schober, Amy L Yaroch
Objectives To understand the process by which early childhood education (ECE) providers effectively used an existing intervention to facilitate the creation or strengthening of a written breastfeeding policy, understand the factors important to this process, and present a logic model to guide future intervention design and evaluation. Methods A purposive sample of interviewees who recently completed an ECE nutrition and physical activity intervention and reported positive pre-post scores for breastfeeding support were recruited to complete semi-structured interviews...
August 13, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513642/the-influence-of-seasonality-and-community-based-health-worker-provided-counselling-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-india
#15
Aritra Das, Rahul Chatterjee, Morchan Karthick, Tanmay Mahapatra, Indrajit Chaudhuri
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) during the first six months of life is considered a high impact but low-cost measure for reducing the morbidity and mortality among children. The current study investigated the association of seasonality and frontline worker(FLW) provided counselling with practice of EBF in Bihar, India. METHODS: We used the 'Lot Quality Assurance Sampling' technique to conduct a multi-stage sampling survey in 8 districts of Bihar. Regarding EBF, mothers of 0-5 (completed) months old children were asked if they had given only breastmilk to their children during the previous day, while mothers of 6-8 (completed) months old children were inquired about the total duration of EBF...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509249/maternal-and-breast-milk-viral-load-impacts-of-adherence-on-peri-partum-hiv-infections-averted-the-ban-study
#16
Nicole L Davis, William C Miller, Michael G Hudgens, Charles S Chasela, Dorothy Sichali, Dumbani Kayira, Julie A E Nelson, Susan A Fiscus, Gerald Tegha, Deborah D Kamwendo, Joseph Rigdon, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Jonathan J Juliano, Sascha R Ellington, Athena P Kourtis, Denise J Jamieson, Charles Van Der Horst
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral interventions are used to reduce HIV viral replication and prevent mother-to-child transmission. Viral suppression relies on adherence to antiretrovirals. METHODS: A two-phase study was conducted using data from the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals and Nutrition study. We included mothers randomized to 28 weeks of postpartum antiretrovirals with ≥1 plasma or breastmilk specimen. All mothers who transmitted HIV to their infants from 2-28 weeks (n=31) and 15% of mothers who did not (n=232) were included...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502101/breast-pumps-as-an-incentive-for-breastfeeding-a-mixed-methods-study-of-acceptability
#17
Nicola Crossland, Gill Thomson, Heather Morgan, Graeme MacLennan, Marion Campbell, Fiona Dykes, Pat Hoddinott
Increasing breastfeeding rates would improve maternal and child health, but multiple barriers to breastfeeding persist. Breast pump provision has been used as an incentive for breastfeeding, although effectiveness is unclear. Women's use of breast pumps is increasing and a high proportion of mothers express breastmilk. No research has yet reported women's and health professionals' perspectives on breast pumps as an incentive for breastfeeding. In the Benefits of Incentives for Breastfeeding and Smoking cessation in pregnancy (BIBS) study, mixed methods research explored women's and professionals' views of breast pumps as an incentive for breastfeeding...
October 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450375/maternal-depressive-symptoms-at-three-months-postpartum-and-breastfeeding-rates-at-six-months-postpartum-implications-for-primary-care-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-primiparous-women-in-australia
#18
Hannah Woolhouse, Jennifer James, Deirdre Gartland, Ellie McDonald, Stephanie J Brown
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organisation recommends exclusive breastfeeding to six months postpartum, but most women in developed countries do not breastfeed this long. Prior studies exploring the relationship between breastfeeding duration and maternal depression show ambiguous findings. AIM: To explore associations between maternal depressive symptoms at three months postpartum, and breastfeeding status over the first six months postpartum. METHODS: Prospective pregnancy cohort study of nulliparous women...
August 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417659/breastfeeding-support-in-the-early-postpartum-content-of-home-visits-in-the-silc-trial
#19
Lael Ridgway, Rhian Cramer, Helen L McLachlan, Della A Forster, Méabh Cullinane, Touran Shafiei, Lisa H Amir
BACKGROUND: The Supporting breastfeeding In Local Communities (SILC) cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated whether a home visit focussed on infant feeding early in the postpartum period increased the percentage of infants breastfeeding at 4 months in low socioeconomic areas of Victoria, Australia. The visits were offered to women identified as at risk of early breastfeeding cessation after discharge home with a new baby. This paper describes the content of the home visits. METHODS: SILC visited 1,043 women from September 2012 to March 2013, and completed a data sheet for each visit documenting topics discussed, as well as what support and resources were offered...
December 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322165/the-relative-value-of-breastfeeding-versus-the-feeding-of-breastmilk
#20
Arthur I Eidelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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