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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869901/fluid-materiality-in-health-communication
#1
Jennifer Woody Collins
What if objects had an active role in shaping our health behaviors? Using my experience breastfeeding my baby, I explore this question through a journey from strict adherence to standard biomedical advice for safe infant sleep to heading the urgings of my body, specifically that of breastmilk, which I come to see as playing an agentic role in my practice of "breastsleeping." I come to see a need for new systems of inquiry that allow dialogue with objects to meaningfully include their "voice" in hopes of arriving at a more complete understanding of health...
June 5, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843260/is-breast-best-examining-the-effects-of-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-during-lactation
#2
R A Brown, H Dakkak, J A Seabrook
Maternal drug use during lactation may have adverse effects on the health of their children. Two common drugs used during this period are alcohol and cannabis. A literature search was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL, Nursing and Allied Health, and Google Scholar with the following search terms: marijuana, cannabis, THC, alcohol, ethanol, breastfeeding, lactation, and breastmilk. The search strategy was restricted to papers since the year 2000, and limited to English language journals. Reference lists were also used to capture any articles that were missed from the database searches...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803234/predictors-for-gut-colonization-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-neonates-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#3
Narendra Pal Singh, Debapriya Das Choudhury, Kavita Gupta, Sumit Rai, Prerna Batra, Vikas Manchanda, Rituparna Saha, I R Kaur
BACKGROUND: With the emergence of carbapenem-resistant isolates, the therapeutic alternatives have become limited. Various factors are responsible for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) gut colonization. This study was conducted to determine predictors for CRE gut colonization in neonates who were hospital delivered and admitted in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Three rectal swabs were collected from 300 hospital-delivered and NICU-admitted neonates (likely to stay for >3 days)...
June 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786547/protective-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-recurrent-cough-in-adulthood
#4
Kimberly D Gerhart, Debra A Stern, Stefano Guerra, Wayne J Morgan, Fernando D Martinez, Anne L Wright
RATIONALE: Breastfeeding protects from respiratory infections in early life but its relationship to recurrent cough and other respiratory outcomes in adult life is not well established. METHODS: Infant feeding practices were assessed prospectively in the Tucson Children's Respiratory Study, a non-selected birth cohort and categorised into formula from birth or introduced <1 month, formula introduced ≥1 to <4 months and exclusive breastfeeding for ≥4 months...
May 21, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757936/formula-milk-supplementation-on-the-postnatal-ward-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study
#5
Kirsty V Biggs, Katherine Hurrell, Eleanor Matthews, Ekaterina Khaleva, Daniel Munblit, Robert J Boyle
Breastfeeding rates are low in the UK, where approximately one quarter of infants receive a breastmilk substitute (BMS) in the first week of life. We investigated the reasons for early BMS use in two large maternity units in the UK, in order to understand the reasons for the high rate of early BMS use in this setting. Data were collected through infant feeding records, as well as maternal and midwife surveys in 2016. During 2016, 28% of infants received a BMS supplement prior to discharge from the hospital maternity units with only 10% supplementation being clinically indicated...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719563/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-to-giving-expressed-breastmilk-to-infants-in-rural-coastal-kenya-focus-group-discussions-of-first-time-mothers-and-their-advisers
#6
Alison W Talbert, Benjamin Tsofa, Edward Mumbo, James A Berkley, Martha Mwangome
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO)/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative step number five of the "Ten steps to successful breastfeeding" states "Show mothers how to breastfeed and how to maintain lactation even if they should be separated from their infants." Urban mothers in Nairobi have low rates of exclusive breastfeeding after returning to work but there are no published data on rural Kenya mothers' infant feeding practices when working or schooling away from home...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659737/feeding-related-gut-microbial-composition-associates-with-peripheral-t-cell-activation-and-mucosal-gene-expression-in-african-infants
#7
Lianna F Wood, Bryan P Brown, Katie Lennard, Ulas Karaoz, Enock Havyarimana, Jo-Ann S Passmore, Anneke C Hesseling, Paul T Edlefsen, Louise Kuhn, Nicola Mulder, Eoin L Brodie, Donald L Sodora, Heather B Jaspan
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding reduces the rate of postnatal HIV transmission compared to non-exclusive breastfeeding, however the mechanisms of this protection are unknown. Our study was designed to interrogate the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Methods: A prospective, longitudinal study of infants from a high HIV prevalence, low-income setting in South Africa. We evaluated the role of any non-breastmilk feeds excluding prescribed medicines...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658618/implementation-of-the-international-code-of-marketing-of-breastmilk-substitutes-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#8
Ayoub Al Jawaldeh, Ghada Sayed
Background: Optimal breastfeeding practices and appropriate complementary feeding improve child health, survival and development. The countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region have made significant strides in formulation and implementation of legislation to protect and promote breastfeeding based on The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (the Code) and subsequent relevant World Health Assembly resolutions. Aim: To assess the implementation of the Code in the Region...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629818/prevalence-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-factors-associated-with-exclusive-breastfeeding-of-children-in-trongsa-district-bhutan
#9
Dolley Tshering, Mongal Singh Gurung, Neyzang Wangmo, Dorji Pelzom, Phudit Tejativaddhana, Laigden Dzed
The World Health Organization estimated that about 800 000 infant deaths could be prevented annually by exclusively breastfeeding infants for the first 6 months of life. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and its associated factors. A total of 192 mothers participated. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding practice in Trongsa district was 97% at 1 month, declining to 58% at 6 months. Mothers who returned to formal work were less likely to exclusively breastfeed than those who were farmers or housewives...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499686/variations-in-the-rancid-flavor-compounds-of-human-breastmilk-under-general-frozen-storage-conditions
#10
Hsiao-Ying Hung, Yu-Yun Hsu, Pei-Fang Su, Ying-Ju Chang
BACKGROUND: Human breastmilk provides the best nutrition for infants. When women or infants have difficulties in breastfeeding directly, breastmilk is usually pumped and frozen for later use. However, while frozen, breastmilk may develop a rancid flavor, which induces infant feeding stress and raises the mothers' concerns about the quality of frozen breastmilk. Nevertheless, few studies have investigated the variations in the compounds that cause the rancid flavor of breastmilk during frozen storage...
March 2, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482183/maternal-use-of-personal-care-products-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-in-sons
#11
Armen A Ghazarian, Britton Trabert, Kim Robien, Barry I Graubard, Katherine A McGlynn
BACKGROUND: The etiology of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) is poorly understood, however, exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may be related to increased risk. Personal care products, some of which contain EDCs, are widely used on a daily basis and are known to cross the placenta, be present in breastmilk, and are capable of inducing reproductive tract abnormalities. To determine the association between personal care product use during pregnancy and breastfeeding and TGCT risk, an analysis among mothers of TGCT cases and controls was conducted...
July 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423183/does-postnatal-care-have-a-role-in-improving-newborn-feeding-a-study-in-15-sub-saharan-african-countries
#12
Shane M Khan, Ilene S Speizer, Kavita Singh, Gustavo Angeles, Nana Ay Twum-Danso, Pierre Barker
Background: Breastfeeding is known as a key intervention to improve newborn health and survival while prelacteal feeds (liquids other than breastmilk within 3 days of birth) represents a departure from optimal feeding practices. Recent programmatic guidelines from the WHO and UNICEF outline the need to improve newborn feeding and points to postnatal care (PNC) as a potential mechanism to do so. This study examines if PNC and type of PNC provider are associated with key newborn feeding practices: breastfeeding within 1 day and prelacteal feeds...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411152/drugs-in-lactation
#13
REVIEW
Philip O Anderson
One impediment to breastfeeding is the lack of information on the use of many drugs during lactation, especially newer ones. The principles of drug passage into breastmilk are well established, but have often not been optimally applied prospectively. Commonly used preclinical rodent models for determining drug excretion into milk are very unreliable because of marked differences in milk composition and transporters compared to those of humans. Measurement of drug concentrations in humans remains the gold standard, but computer modeling is promising...
February 6, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410699/initiation-of-breastfeeding-within-one-hour-of-birth-among-mothers-with-infants-younger-than-or-equal-to-6-months-of-age-attending-public-health-institutions-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#14
Meseret Ekubay, Aster Berhe, Engida Yisma
Background: Breast milk is comprised of the essential nutrients that an infant needs in the first six months of life. Timely initiation of breastfeeding guarantees that infants receive the colostrum, 'the first breastmilk', which contains antibodies that protect the newborn against diseases. Breastfeeding within the first hour of life prevents newborn death due to sepsis, pneumonia, diarrhea and hypothermia. Although breastfeeding is a common practice in sub-Saharan Africa, evidence show that early initiation of breastfeeding is low...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371876/-the-mum-has-to-live-with-the-decision-much-more-than-the-dad-a-qualitative-study-of-men-s-perceptions-of-their-influence-on-breastfeeding-decision-making
#15
Luke Hounsome, Sally Dowling
Background: Although breastfeeding is widely acknowledged as the normal method of infant feeding, there are large variations in rates of initiation and duration. Several factors are linked to the likelihood of breastfeeding initiation, including the influence and opinion of the child's father. There is limited research into men's perception of their influence, or if they feel it appropriate to be involved in deciding how to feed their children. The aim of this study was to investigate, using a qualitative methodology, fathers' perceptions of their influence on the decision to feed their child breastmilk or formula...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351750/associations-of-land-cattle-and-food-security-with-infant-feeding-practices-among-a-rural-population-living-in-manyara-tanzania
#16
Bailey Hanselman, Ramya Ambikapathi, Estomih Mduma, Erling Svensen, Laura E Caulfield, Crystal L Patil
BACKGROUND: Livelihoods strategies and food security experiences can positively and negatively affect infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. This study contributes to this literature by exploring how variation in household economics among rural farmers in Tanzania relates to IYCF patterns over the first 8 months of an infant's life. METHODS: These data were produced from a longitudinal study in which a cohort of mother-infant dyads was followed from birth to 24 months...
January 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323435/soluble-cd14-levels-in-plasma-and-breastmilk-of-malawian-hiv-women-lack-of-association-with-morbidity-and-mortality-in-their-exposed-infants
#17
Silvia Baroncelli, Clementina M Galluzzo, Giuseppe Liotta, Mauro Andreotti, Fausto Ciccacci, Sandro Mancinelli, Victor T Tolno, Jane Gondwe, Roberta Amici, Maria C Marazzi, Stefano Vella, Marina Giuliano, Leonardo Palombi, Lucia Palmisano
PROBLEM: Data on soluble CD14 (sCD14) during pregnancy and lactation are scarce. We assessed the levels of sCD14 in plasma and breastmilk of Malawian HIV-positive women and evaluated the possible association with morbidity and mortality in the HIV-exposed children. METHOD OF STUDY: One hundred and forty-nine mother/child pairs were studied. Women received antiretroviral therapy from 26 weeks of gestation to at least 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding. sCD14 concentrations were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
March 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246382/promote-breastfeeding-in-the-outpatient-setting-it-s-easy
#18
Natasha K Sriraman
The numerous benefits for both mother and baby of breastfeeding are evidence-based and well-defined. Breastmilk is the physiologic norm for infant nutrition, offering multiple health benefits and protections for mothers and babies. Although major medical and health organizations, which represent the health of women and children, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), American Academy of Family Practice (AAFP), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Public Health Service (NPHS), all recommend exclusive breastfeeding, few women meet the recommended goals for duration and exclusivity, despite high initiation rates...
December 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246381/the-nuts-and-bolts-of-breastfeeding-anatomy-and-physiology-of-lactation
#19
Natasha K Sriraman
Breastmilk is the physiologic norm for infant nutrition. Despite recommendations from major health organizations, many women in the U.S. are not achieving this metric. Understanding breast anatomy and lactation physiology will allow physicians to gain knowledge of the processes, which control lactation enabling physicians to appropriately manage the breastfeeding dyad. The interplay of hormones involved in lactation and milk management affect milk initiation, as well as ongoing milk production (galactopoesis)...
December 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241518/influence-of-anthropometric-parameters-on-breastmilk-provision-in-preterm-infants
#20
Sharon G Casavant, Michelle Judge, Jacqueline McGrath
OBJECTIVE: To explore how growth trends may relate to maternal provision of breastmilk to preterm infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). DESIGN: Non-experimental, retrospective, descriptive. SETTING: Level III, 40-bed suburban neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PARTICIPANTS: 94 preterm infants (<37 post-menstrual age) admitted to the NICU between September 2011 and May 2013. METHODS: This retrospective chart review explored the relationship between infant growth during hospitalization and maternal provision of breastmilk at discharge...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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