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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805568/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-exercise-in-nonmotor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Indu Subramanian
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy in nonmotor symptoms (NMS) for Parkinson disease (PD) is growing worldwide. Well-performed, systematic evidence-based research is largely lacking in this area and many studies include various forms of CAM with small patient numbers and a lack of standardization of the approaches studied. Taichi, Qigong, dance, yoga, mindfulness, acupuncture, and other CAM therapies are reviewed and there is some evidence for the following: Taichi in sleep and PDQ39; dance in cognition, apathy, and a mild trend to improved fatigue; yoga in PDQ39; and acupuncture in depression, PDQ39, and sleep...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802472/complementary-and-integrative-gastroenterology
#2
REVIEW
Joshua Korzenik, Anna K Koch, Jost Langhorst
Complementary and integrative medicine is developing within gastroenterology, expanding options particularly for inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and reflux esophagitis. This article encompasses new developments in complementary integrative medicine with an emphasis on herbal therapies. Studies of potential therapies have been advancing with increasing sophistication. The best studied with the most promising results in ulcerative colitis is the use of curcumin both for the induction and maintenance of remission...
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802471/integrative-medicine-for-respiratory-conditions-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
REVIEW
Gloria Y Yeh, Randy Horwitz
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are 2 common chronic respiratory disorders in primary care that cause considerable morbidity and mortality. This article reviews disease pathophysiology and outlines an integrative, multidimensional approach to the evaluation and management of these conditions, including pharmacotreatment, nutrition, supplements, self-care strategies, mind-body therapies, and other integrative modalities.
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776867/pain-and-dualism-which-dualism
#4
Elisa Arnaudo
In the literature, the allegation to pursue approaches grounded on Cartesian dualism in medicine is widespread. In this paper, I argue that dualism informing biomedicine has not only to do with a Cartesian view of mind and body, but that multiple dualisms are at play in biomedical approach to disease, especially regarding complex pain conditions. A form of epistemological dualism entailing the primacy of the physician's model of knowledge on the patient's direct experience of suffering is pointed out as the source of the inadequate medical attitude towards pain, particularly in relation to its complex forms such as fibromyalgic syndrome...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768919/pediatric-craniovertebral-junction-surgery
#5
Nobuhito Morota
The craniovertebral junction (CVJ) has attracted more attention in pediatric medicine in recent years due to the progress in surgical technologies allowing a direct approach to the CVJ in children. The CVJ is the site of numerous pathologies, most originating in bone anomalies resulting from abnormal CVJ development. Before discussing the surgical approaches to CVJ, three points should be borne in mind: first, that developmental anatomy demonstrates age-dependent mechanisms and the pathophysiology of pediatric CVJ anomalies; second, that CT-based dynamic simulations have improved our knowledge of functional anatomy, enabling us to locate CVJ lesions with greater certainty; and third, understanding the complex structure of the pediatric CVJ also clarifies the surgical anatomy...
August 1, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766695/prevention-of-alzheimer-s-disease-lessons-learned-and-applied
#6
James E Galvin
Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects more than 5 million Americans, with substantial consequences for individuals with AD, families, and society in terms of morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. With disease-modifying treatment trials unsuccessful at the present time and only medications to treat symptoms available, an emerging approach is prevention. Advances in diagnostic criteria, biomarker development, and greater understanding of the biophysiological basis of AD make these initiatives feasible. Ongoing pharmacological trials using anti-amyloid therapies are underway in sporadic and genetic forms of AD, although a large number of modifiable risk factors for AD have been identified in observational studies, many of which do not appear to exert effects through amyloid or tau...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754498/a-pragmatic-introduction-of-mindfulness-in-a-continuing-education-setting-exploring-personal-experience-bridging-to-professional-practice
#7
Maryanna D Klatt, Kellie Weinhold, Christopher A Taylor, Kayla Zuber, Cynthia J Sieck
CONTEXT: Continuing Medical Education and Continuing Professional Education (CME/CPE) provide a context through which to introduce practicing Healthcare Professionals (HCPs) to emerging mind/body approaches. OBJECTIVE: To introduce mindfulness to practicing HCPs for application in their practice through an experiential CME/CPE session. DESIGN: This descriptive study included surveys administered in the context of a CME/CPE session at professional meetings, as well as a three-month follow-up survey...
June 30, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748339/laparoscopic-hysterectomy-for-benign-indications-clinical-practice-guideline
#8
Evelien M Sandberg, Wouter J K Hehenkamp, Peggy M Geomini, Petra F Janssen, Frank Willem Jansen, Andries R H Twijnstra
PURPOSE: Since the introduction of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery, the percentage of advanced laparoscopic procedures has greatly increased worldwide. It seems therefore, timely to standardize laparoscopic gynecologic care according to the principles of evidence-based medicine. With this goal in mind-the Dutch Society of Gynecological Endoscopic Surgery initiated in The Netherlands the development of a national guideline for laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH). This present article provides a summary of the main recommendations of the guideline...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742215/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-us-adults-with-headache-or-migraine-results-from-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#10
Yan Zhang, Jeff A Dennis, Matthew J Leach, Felicity L Bishop, Holger Cramer, Vincent C H Chung, Craig Moore, Romy Lauche, Ron Cook, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Given the safety concerns regarding pharmacological agents, and the considerable impact of headache and migraine on the sufferer's quality of life, many people seek other treatment options beyond conventional medication and care to address their symptoms; this includes complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Some CAM interventions have shown promising results in clinical trials of headache and migraine management. Nonetheless, there has been little research exploring the reasons for using CAM, and the types of CAM used, among this population...
July 25, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739341/atomic-force-microscope-as-a-nano-and-micrometer-scale-biological-manipulator-a-short-review
#11
REVIEW
Atsushi Ikai, Rehana Afrin, Masakazu Saito, Takahiro Watanabe-Nakayama
The amazing capacity of atomic force microscope to let us touch the molecular and cellular level samples with a sharp probe stimulated its application to bio-medical field among others. In addition to topographical imaging of the sample surface, a direct mechanical manipulation has attracted innovative minds to develop new methodologies aiming at direct handling of proteins, DNA/RNA, and cells. Measurement of their mechanical properties brought about a vivid picture of their physical nature. Direct handling of individual molecules and cells prompted development of nano-medical applications...
July 21, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724298/definitions-of-healing-and-healing-interventions-across-different-cultures
#12
Ann H Lichtenstein, Ann Berger, M Jennifer Cheng
For centuries healing has been embedded in non-Western cultures. Traditional cultures believe that healing is derived from the divine and utilize a holistic approach to healing including the body, mind, and spirit. The community and environment are key elements in individual healing along with herbal remedies and ceremonies. Western cultures have accepted some traditional methods of relaxation and exercise, such as yoga and tai chi. In this paper we will examine some similar themes of traditional practices to better understand traditional patients' healing paradigm and find new tools as practitioners of Western medicine...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723722/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-and-symptom-burden-in-women-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-in-malaysia
#13
Ping Lei Chui, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Li Ping Wong, Nur Aishah Taib
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly used for cancer- and chemotherapy-related symptoms. Nurses are likely to encounter many CAM users in their practice. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess CAM use and examine the symptom burden of CAM and non-CAM users among patients with breast cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: A CAM use questionnaire and the Side-Effect Burden Scale were administered to 546 patients...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720203/the-personal-and-professional-face-of-the-basque-urologist-jos%C3%A3-juli%C3%A3-n-guim%C3%A3-n-rezola-1898-1980
#14
J C Angulo
OBJECTIVE: To understand certain outstanding aspects of the life of the Basque surgeon and urologist Julián Guimón Rezola. His personal and bibliographic documentary legacy helps reconstruct his works and personal character. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed the written works of Julián Guimón Rezola and a collection of documents, letters, photographs, illustrations and objects from his personal and professional life, accessed through his family. We analysed the content of the author's main publications and related the documents to historic facts...
July 15, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719188/phage-selection-of-cyclic-peptides-for-application-in-research-and-drug-development
#15
Kaycie Deyle, Xu-Dong Kong, Christian Heinis
Cyclic peptides can bind to protein targets with high affinities and selectivities, which makes them an attractive modality for the development of research reagents and therapeutics. Additional properties, including low inherent toxicity, efficient chemical synthesis, and facile modification with labels or immobilization reagents, increase their attractiveness. Cyclic peptide ligands against a wide range of protein targets have been isolated from natural sources such as bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals...
July 18, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700259/mixed-method-study-to-investigate-models-of-australian-integrative-oncology
#16
EunJin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeongsang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the models of services and experiences of coordinators and directors engaged in providing complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) or integrative medicine (IM) in oncology centers throughout Australia. DESIGN: Fourteen leaders of IM programs from ten systematically selected Australian oncology centers were interviewed. Participants described their center's service model. Interview transcripts were thematically analyzed to identify underlying themes...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696990/prescribing-exercise-to-individuals-with-disabilities-what-are-the-concerns
#17
Hector Luis Osoria, Cheri A Blauwet
It is well known that individuals with disabilities, constituting 15% to 20% of the adult population, experience a disproportionate risk of cardiometabolic disease and are more likely to live sedentary lifestyles when compared with their able-bodied peers. Although many complex factors likely lead to these disparities, targeted exercise programs can be influential in improving the health outcomes of this population. Additionally, it is important to keep several factors in mind when tailoring the exercise prescription for individuals with varied types of disability, given unique factors related to medical history, mobility, and community barriers...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694778/north-african-medicinal-plants-traditionally-used-in-cancer-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Jorge M Alves-Silva, Abderrahmane Romane, Thomas Efferth, Lígia Salgueiro
Background: Cancer is a major cause of mortality worldwide with increasing numbers by the years. In North Africa, the number of cancer patients is alarming. Also shocking is that a huge number of cancer patients only have access to traditional medicines due to several factors, e.g., economic difficulties. In fact, medicinal plants are widely used for the treatment of several pathologies, including cancer. Truthfully, herbalists and botanists in North African countries prescribe several plants for cancer treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694675/changes-in-psychosocial-well-being-after-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Renee J Hill, Lindsey C McKernan, Li Wang, Rogelio A Coronado
Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University's Osher Center for Integrative Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690665/use-of-integrative-medicine-in-the-united-states-military-health-system
#20
REVIEW
Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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