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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145705/review-article-critical-care-airway-management-elearning-modules
#1
REVIEW
Deepak Doshi, Sally McCarthy, Elizabeth Mowatt, Angela Cahill, Bronwyn Peirce, Geoff Hawking, Ruth Osborne, Belinda Hibble, Katharine Ebbs
The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM) has recently launched the Critical Care Airway Management eLearning modules to support emergency medicine trainees in developing their airway management skills in the ED. A team of emergency physicians and trainees worked collaboratively to develop the eLearning resources ensuring extensive stakeholder consultation. A comprehensive resource manual was written to provide learners with knowledge that underpins the modules. ACEM provided project coordination as well as administrative and technical team support to the production...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143863/morphometric-properties-of-the-latissimus-dorsi-muscle-in-human-fetuses-for-flap-surgery
#2
Orhan Beger, Burhan Beger, Deniz Uzmansel, Semra Erdoğan, Zeliha Kurtoğlu
PURPOSE: Although latissimus dorsi (LD) flaps are extensively used in a wide range of interventions, fetus studies on this subject are quite limited. This study aims to obtain detailed information about the morphometric features of LD, thoracodorsal artery (TDA) and nerve (TDN). METHODS: The study was carried out on both sides of 50 formalin-fixed human fetuses (22 male/28 female) with a mean gestational age of 24.5 ± 4.7 (range 18-36) weeks, which were in the inventory of Anatomy Department of Mersin University Faculty of Medicine...
November 16, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140497/integrating-complementary-and-traditional-practices-in-middle-eastern-supportive-cancer-care
#3
Eran Ben-Arye, Noah Samuels, Michel Daher, Ibrahim Turker, Omar Nimri, Maryam Rassouli, Michael Silbermann
The Middle East is a promising arena in which researchers can explore the interchange between cross-cultural traditional medicine and supportive cancer care, as provided within an integrative oncology setting. Integrative oncology research and clinical practice in this part of the world have been focusing, for the most part, on the use of herbal medicine and mind-body-spiritual modalities, both of which are deeply rooted in traditional medical care. A regional, multinational, and interdisciplinary collaboration is currently being undertaken as part of the academic activities of the Middle-East Research Group in Integrative Oncology (MERGIO)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140493/a-comprehensive-definition-for-integrative-oncology
#4
Claudia M Witt, Lynda G Balneaves, Maria J Cardoso, Lorenzo Cohen, Heather Greenlee, Peter Johnstone, Ömer Kücük, Josh Mailman, Jun J Mao
Background: Integrative oncology, which is generally understood to refer to the use of a combination of complementary medicine therapies in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, has been defined in different ways, but there is no widely accepted definition. We sought to develop and establish a consensus for a comprehensive definition of the field of integrative oncology. Methods: We used a mixed-methods approach that included a literature analysis and a consensus procedure, including an interdisciplinary expert panel and surveys, to develop a comprehensive and acceptable definition for the term "integrative oncology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#5
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#6
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130420/-there-are-more-things-in-heaven-and-earth-how-knowledge-about-traditional-healing-affects-clinical-practice-interviews-with-conventional-health-personnel
#7
Anette Langås-Larsen, Anita Salamonsen, Agnete Egilsdatter Kristoffersen, Torunn Hamran, Bjørg Evjen, Trine Stub
People with Sami and Norwegian background are frequent users of traditional folk medicine (TM). Traditional healing, such as religious prayers of healing (reading) and the laying on of hands, are examples of commonly used modalities. The global aim of this study is to examine whether health personnel's knowledge, attitudes and experiences of traditional healing affect their clinical practice. Semi-structured individual interviews (n=32) and focus group interviews (n=2) were conducted among health personnel in two communities in Northern Norway...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123661/the-psychology-of-chronic-post-surgical-pain-new-frontiers-in-risk-factor-identification-prevention-and-management
#8
Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad A Azam, Kathryn A Birnie, Lindsay C Burns, Hance Clarke, Joel Katz
In an era of considerable advances in anaesthesiology and pain medicine, chronic pain after major surgery continues to be problematic. This article briefly reviews the known psychological risk and protective factors associated with the development of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). We begin with a definition of CPSP and then explain what we mean by a risk/protective factor. Next, we summarize known psychological risk and protective factors for CPSP. Psychological interventions that target risk factors and may impact postsurgical pain are reviewed, including the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)-based approach to CPSP prevention and management we use in the Transitional Pain Service (TPS) at the Toronto General Hospital...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120085/novel-au-and-ag-carbene-complexes-exert-anti-tumor-effects-triggering-the-ros-dependent-intrinsic-apoptotic-pathway
#9
Domenico Iacopetta, Annaluisa Mariconda, Carmela Saturnino, Anna Caruso, Giuseppe Palma, Jessica Ceramella, Noemi Muià, Mariarita Perri, Maria Stefania Sinicropi, Maria Cristina Caroleo, Pasquale Longo
Cisplatin and other platinum-based drugs are well-known valid anticancer drugs. However, during the chemotherapy, the presence of numerous side effects and the onset of frequent phenomena of resistance pushes forward many research groups to devise new metal-based compounds holding improved anticancer properties and lower undesired effects. Amongst the variety of synthesized compounds, significant anti-proliferative effects were obtained employing organometallic compounds, particularly those based on silver or gold...
November 9, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113407/healing-touch-in-radiation-therapy-is-the-benefit-tangible
#10
Jean-Baptiste Guy, Sacha Bard-Reboul, Jane-Chloé Trone, Alexis Vallard, Sophie Espenel, Julien Langrand-Escure, Anis Hamrouni, Majed Ben Mrad, Stéphanie Morisson, Patrick Michaud, Nicolas Magné, Chloé Rancoule
Background: Cancer patients tend to use more and more complementary or alternative medicine concomitantly to radiotherapy. A large part of these patients have recourse to Mind and Body practice, mainly with biofield healers or magnetizers, without any level of evidence. The aim of the present study was to report epidemiologic data on biofield healers in radiation therapy patients, and to assess the possible objective and subjective benefits. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in a French cancer institute...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109451/sim2l-attenuates-resistance-to-hypoxia-and-tumor-growth-by-transcriptional-suppression-of-hif1a-in-uterine-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Kanako Nakamura, Masayuki Komatsu, Fumiko Chiwaki, Takashi Takeda, Yusuke Kobayashi, Kouji Banno, Daisuke Aoki, Teruhiko Yoshida, Hiroki Sasaki
Despite chemoradiotherapy being one of the most important modalities in advanced cervical cancer, there is a lack of both usable biomarkers to predict treatment outcome and of knowledge about the mechanism of refractoriness to the therapy. Here we identified a transcriptional factor Single-minded homolog 2 (SIM2) as an independent predictive biomarker for uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CvSCC). The retrospective study showed that high expression level of SIM2 was correlated to good survival in CvSCC patients...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105234/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-australian-women-aged-45-and-older-who-consult-acupuncturists-for-their-osteoarthritis
#12
Lu Yang, Wenbo Peng, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: There is growing acupuncture use amongst people with osteoarthritis, and acupuncture has been shown to have a positive effect on osteoarthritis. The aim of the study is to identify the characteristics of Australian women who consult acupuncturists for osteoarthritis treatment in order to help inform patients, practitioners and policy makers about the range of health care options accessed by older women with osteoarthritis. METHODS: The research reported here involved participants from a sub-study of the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study in Australia...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103413/incorporation-of-integrative-medicine-education-into-undergraduate-medical-education-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Saswati Mahapatra, Anjali Bhagra, Bisrat Fekadu, Zhuo Li, Brent A Bauer, Dietlind L Wahner-Roedler
OBJECTIVE: Integrative medicine (IM) combines complementary medical approaches into conventional medicine and considers the whole person. We implemented a longitudinal IM short-course curriculum into our medical school education. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the curriculum via knowledge and attitude surveys regarding IM among students. METHODS: A mandatory short IM curriculum across all years of medical school was created and taught by IM professionals and physician faculty members with expertise in integrative therapies...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096896/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-breast-cancer
#14
Ramadevi Subramani, Rajkumar Lakshmanaswamy
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been in use among cancer patients for a long time. There are several types of CAM that are practiced in various parts of the world. For example, traditional medicinal practices followed in India and China are frequently used by cancer patients. CAM is broadly classified into five different categories: (1) traditional medicines, (2) mind-body interventions, (3) biology-based practices, (4) manipulative body-based practices, and (5) energy medicine. In this review, we have compiled data from the available literature regarding CAM use in breast cancer patients...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076427/engineered-nanoparticles-their-properties-and-putative-applications-for-therapeutic-approaches-utilizing-stem-cells-for-the-repair-of-atherosclerotic-disease
#15
Dimitry A Chistiakov, Alexandra A Melnichenko, Alexander N Orekhov, Yuri V Bobryshev
BACKGROUND: Stem cell therapy was established as a promising approach for regenerative medicine applications such as cardiac repair. However, current stem cell-based therapeutic strategies have serious challenges such as low retention and viability of transplanted stem cells in the injured myocardium. This significantly limits efficiency of stem cell therapy. In addition, poor knowledge about the fate and survival of stem cells after transplantation represents a major reason of conflicting results from recent clinical studies...
October 27, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072477/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-addictive-behaviors-implementation-issues-on-the-road-ahead
#16
Adam D Wilson, Corey R Roos, Charles S Robinson, Elena R Stein, Jacob A Manuel, Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen, Katie Witkiewitz
Over the past 35 years, mindfulness meditation practices have increasingly been integrated into Western medical settings. Research into the benefits of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) continues to expand, such that there are currently more than a dozen different protocolled MBIs for patients suffering from a variety of physical and psychological disorders. In the last decade, a number of MBIs specifically designed to treat addictive behaviors have been developed and tested. This review first provides a brief overview of the current state of the science with respect to the efficacy of MBIs for addictive behaviors, and some of the proposed mechanisms underlying the efficacy of MBIs...
October 26, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062749/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-nonagenarians-selectively-feasible-or-extravagantly-futile
#17
Antonis S Manolis, Antonis A Manolis
A growing number of nonagenarians is recorded as life expectancy increases. Unfortunately, this extreme-aged group is plagued by increased prevalence of aortic stenosis amidst a higher occurrence of comorbidities that pose dilemmas to cardiologists and cardiac surgeons when having to choose a conservative or interventional treatment modality, and a surgical or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) approach. TAVI is an expensive procedure, which also confers a higher mortality and morbidity risk in nonagenarians, compared to younger patients...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061667/novel-yap1-activator-identified-by-transcription-based-functional-screen-limits-multiple-myeloma-growth
#18
Junichi Maruyama, Kazutoshi Inami, Fumiyoshi Michishita, Xinliang Jiang, Hiroaki Iwasa, Kentaro Nakagawa, Mari Ishigami-Yuasa, Hiroyuki Kagechika, Norio Miyamura, Jun Hirayama, Hiroshi Nishina, Daichi Nogawa, Kouhei Yamamoto, Yutaka Hata
Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) interacts with numerous transcription factors including TEA-domain family proteins (TEAD) and p73. YAP1 is negatively regulated by the tumor suppressor Hippo pathway. In human cancers, the deregulation of the Hippo pathway and YAP1 gene amplification lead to the activation of YAP1, which induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and drug resistance. YAP1 inhibitors are expected to be useful in cancer therapy. On the other hand, in certain cancers, YAP1 up-regulates p73-dependent gene transcription and behaves as a tumor suppressor...
October 23, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056674/the-awareness-of-the-international-veterinary-profession-of-evidence-based-veterinary-medicine-and-preferred-methods-of-training
#19
Selene J Huntley, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
Evidence-based veterinary medicine (EVM) is an evolving discipline in veterinary medicine so it is important to periodically "benchmark" opinion about EVM across the profession. An international survey to assess veterinarians' awareness of EVM was conducted. Veterinarians were surveyed via an online questionnaire (all countries) or a postal questionnaire (UK only). Participants were asked whether they had heard of EVM, where they had first heard the term, and their preferences of method for receiving continuing professional development (CPD)...
March 8, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051902/trends-in-surgical-practices-for-lateral-epicondylitis-among-newly-trained-orthopaedic-surgeons
#20
Dean Wang, Ryan M Degen, Christopher L Camp, Michael H McGraw, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
BACKGROUND: Much controversy exists regarding the optimal surgical intervention for lateral epicondylitis because of a multitude of options available and the lack of comparative studies. Knowledge of the current practice trends would help guide the design of comparative studies needed to determine which surgical technique results in the best outcome. PURPOSE: To review the latest practice trends for the surgical treatment of lateral epicondylitis among newly trained surgeons in the United States utilizing the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) database...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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