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Arthroscopy TMJ

G Bai, C Yang, Y Qiu, M Chen
Open surgery and arthroscopy for the treatment of synovial chondromatosis (SC) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have their advantages and disadvantages. The aim of this study was to report the application and results of the combined use of these two methods in the treatment of SC and the indications for use. A total of 36 patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmation of SC, treated from 2010 to 2015, were included. Patients with tumours in the upper articular cavity and with the extended margin of the medial groove still in-between the medial crest of the condyle and infratemporal space on coronal MRI were selected to undergo open surgery with the assistance of arthroscopy to clear the loose bodies and affected synovium...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
J Levorova, V Machon, A Guha, R Foltan
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is an unusual disease in adults. Inoculation of the pathogen may occur through traumatic or iatrogenic injuries, or more often by haematogenous spread from a distant focus. The cause of infection is unknown in most cases. A case of ostensibly mild septic arthritis of the TMJ with a good response to antibiotic therapy and lavage, but that finally led to fatal destruction of the joint structures in a 38-year-old female patient, is reported herein. The infection was caused by Raoultella ornithinolytica - a rare bacterial species in humans, which has not been reported previously in any patients with joint problems...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ross Elledge, Jason Green, Alan Attard
Surgery of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is increasingly recognised as a subspecialist area of interest within our specialty and many procedures such as arthroscopy, arthroplasty, and replacement of the TMJ are becoming increasingly centralised and restricted to certain regions. We previously made a national survey of trainees and have sought to augment this with a survey of trainers to find out the nature of practice and patterns of referral nationally. We have also examined the consultants' expectations of competent final-year trainees...
September 26, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Sung-Won Yang, Jin-Yong Cho, Hyeon-Min Kim
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare disease. The most common symptoms of this disease are acute malocclusion, limited mouth opening, swelling, and tenderness of affected TMJ. These symptoms are often confused with internal derangement of the articular disc, rheumatoid arthritis, retrodiscitis, or osteoarthritis. Therefore, differential diagnosis by image examination is required. Usually, antimicrobial treatment and surgical drainage by needle aspiration, arthroscopy, or arthrotomy are effective treatment approaches...
August 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
J Potier, J-M Maes, R Nicot, T Dumousseau, M Cotelle, J Ferri
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are a common disease and may be responsible for major functional and painful repercussions. Treatment is not consensual. The literature highlights the role of conservative treatments (physiotherapy, analgesics, splints) in a first attempt. Minimally invasive surgical techniques (arthroscopy, arthrocentesis) have developed rapidly in recent decades. They have proven effective and reliable, especially in patients suffering from irreducible or reducible anterior disc dislocation or presenting with arthopathies...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
J M Foletti, F Cheynet, N Graillon, L Guyot, C Chossegros
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction associates pain, limited mouth opening and joint noise. Failures of conservative treatments may lead to arthroscopy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the current interest of arthroscopy in the treatment of TMJ dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the keywords "TMJ" and "Arthroscopy", 1668 articles were found in the Sciencedirect database. We selected 17 papers published between September 2012 and May 2016...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
P Sharmila Bhanu, K Devi Sankar
INTRODUCTION: Foramen of Huschke (FH) is an opening present in anteroinferior wall of External Acoustic Meatus (EAM) on the tympanic plate of temporal bone. The developing tympanic ring normally gets closed by the age of 5 years, if not, leads to the persistence of FH, shows a communication between the EAM and mandibular fossa of temporal bone. AIM: The aim of the present study was to report on the incidence of FH in adult skulls and individual temporal bones, belonging to South Coastal Andhra population...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jacinto Fernández Sanromán, Alberto Costas López, Martín Fernández Ferro, Annahys López de Sánchez, Bogdan Stavaru, Jorge Arenaz Bua
PURPOSE: To study the complications of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopic procedures using two-portal coblation technologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 397 consecutive patients (475 joints) who underwent arthroscopic surgery were prospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Complications were observed in 39 (8.21%) procedures. Complications recognized during or immediately after surgery were observed in 25 cases (5.26%). Vascular injury in the points of trocar insertion was observed in seven cases...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
R Elledge, B Speculand, J Green, A Attard
Surgery of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is emerging as a subspecialty in its own right within Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS). Recent guidelines on training and practice within this area have laid down standards of competence in certain procedures, and asked for evidence of "exposure" to others at the point of completion of higher training in OMFS. Provision of surgery of the TMJ is becoming more centralised within tertiary referral centres, with resulting disparity in opportunities for clinical experience in different training regions...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Firat Selvi, Justin Messina, William C Faquin, David A Keith
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare, multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation, structural damage, and impaired function of cartilaginous tissues throughout the body. In the craniofacial region, this rare disease has been reported to affect structures of the ear and nose; however, reports of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement are scarce. A second uncommon disorder of cartilage is synovial chondromatosis (SC), a progressive and proliferative disorder of the synovial membrane associated with the formation of variably sized cartilaginous and calcified loose bodies, often causing dysfunction of the joints and enlargement of the joint capsule...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
S Srouji, D Oren, A Zoabi, O Ronen, H Zraik
The traditional arthroscopy technique includes the creation of three ports in order to enable visualization, operation, and arthrocentesis. The aim of this study was to assess an advanced temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopy technique that requires only a single cannula, through which a one-piece instrument containing a visualization canal, irrigation canal, and a working canal is inserted, as an alternative to the traditional double-puncture technique. This retrospective study assessed eight patients (13 TMJs) with pain and/or limited range of movement that was refractory to conservative therapy, who were treated between June 2015 and December 2015...
June 4, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Gabriel Pires Pastore, Douglas Rangel Goulart, Patrícia Radaic Pastore, Alexandre Javaroni Prati
The diagnosis of synovial chrondromatosis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) requires a combined assessment consisting of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic examinations. The purpose of this study is to report in 1 patient the removal of a single large cartilaginous nodule floating in the upper joint compartment using arthroscopy. A 30-year-old woman was referred to our department complaining about pain in preauricular area and restricted mouth opening. Imaging of magnetic resonance reveals anterior disc displacement and right joint effusion...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Fábio Ricardo Loureiro Sato, Rodrigo Corrêa Tavares
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopy of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a minimally invasive and safe procedure; nevertheless, some accidents and complications have been described in the literature. CASE REPORT: The purpose of this article is to describe a case report of a patient that progressed to paralysis of the abducens nerve after a TMJ arthroscopy procedure.
September 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Waseem A Abboud, Navot Givol, Ran Yahalom
INTRODUCTION: Arthroscopy of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a valuable diagnostic and therapeutic tool for various intra-articular disorders, especially internal derangement (ID) of the TMJ. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a standardized arthroscopic procedure for the treatment of two stages of ID; early/intermediate stage and intermediate/late stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records of 78 patients (99 joints) treated by arthroscopic lysis and lavage in the authors' department during a 5-year period...
July 2015: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
J Fernández Sanromán, M Fernández Ferro, A Costas López, J Arenaz Bua, A López
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of injection of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) after temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopy in patients with Wilkes stage IV internal derangement. Ninety-two patients were randomized to two experimental groups: group A (42 joints) received injections of PRGF, group B (50 joints) received saline injections. Pain intensity on a visual analogue scale (VAS) and maximum mouth opening (MMO, mm) were measured before and after surgery and compared by analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
July 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Brian E Kinard, Gary F Bouloux, Sampath Prahalad, Larry Vogler, Shelly Abramowicz
PURPOSE: The early diagnosis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) before joint destruction and growth disturbances could allow for interceptive treatment. The purpose of this article is to report early TMJ arthroscopic findings in patients with JIA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a case series of 3 patients with JIA treated at the Emory University Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from July 2011 through December 2012...
July 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
F Monje Gil, C Hernandez Vila, J L Moyano Cuevas, M Lyra, J B Pagador, F M Sanchez Margallo
The traditional method of surgical training has followed the 'observe, practice, and teach' model, which is useful for open surgery, but is insufficient for minimally invasive surgery. This study presents the validation of a new simulator designed for TMJ arthroscopy training. A group of 10 senior maxillofacial surgeons performed an arthroscopy procedure using the simulator. They then completed a questionnaire analyzing the realism of the simulator, its utility, and the educational quality of the audiovisual software...
July 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Andrea M Matuska, Stephen Muller, M Franklin Dolwick, Peter S McFetridge
OBJECTIVE: The structure-function relationship in the healthy temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc has been well established, however the changes in dysfunctional joints has yet to be systematically evaluated. Due to the poor understanding of the etiology of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) this study evaluated naturally occurring degenerative remodeling in aged female porcine temporomandibular joint (TMJ) discs in order to gain insight into the progression and effects on possible treatment strategies of TMDs...
April 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Seong-Yong Moon, Hoon Chung
Arthroscopy is useful to detect early changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Despite great advances in arthroscopy, many arthroscopic surgeries have now been replaced by arthrocentesis. We propose a simple diagnostic and therapeutic method having operative rigid ultra-thin arthroscopy with 16 gauge needle size combined with arthrocentesis.
December 2015: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Karim Kassam, Ryan Cheong, Luke Cascarini
Ohnishi in 1975 first described temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopy. Along with its extensive use, a range of complications has emerged. We describe a patient who experienced parapharyngeal swelling after undergoing arthroscopy. Prolonged intubation up to 1 hour postoperatively was required. The swelling resolved completely over 6 h without further intervention.
June 2015: Clinical Case Reports
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