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Obstructive sleep apnea oral maxillofacial

Richard Ngo, Elaina Pullano, Zachary S Peacock, Edward T Lahey, Meredith August
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with retrognathia and measurable anatomic airway determinants may represent a subset of OSA patients and have distinct comorbidity profiles. Our aim was to compare the medical comorbidities of OSA patients managed surgically with maxillomandibular advancement with those of nonsurgical patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, patients for both cohorts were identified through the Massachusetts General Hospital oral and maxillofacial surgery data registry and the Massachusetts General Hospital Research Patient Data Registry...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Sung Ok Hong, Yu-Feng Chen, Junho Jung, Yong-Dae Kwon, Stanley Yung Chuan Liu
The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is estimated to be 1-5% of the adult population world-wide, and in Korea, it is reported at 4.5% of men and 3.2% of women (Age 40 to 69 years old). Active treatment of OSA is associated with decrease in insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, psychosocial problems, and mortality. Surgical treatment of OSA has evolved in the era of neuromodulation with the advent of hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HGNS). We share this review of HGNS with our maxillofacial surgical colleagues to expand the scope of surgical care for OSA...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Christine Cortet-Rudelli
Orofacial changes are frequent in acromegaly. Their evolution is slowly progressive. The lips (everted and thickened), the mandibular morphology (prognathism), the tongue (macroglossia), the soft palate and the uvula (increased and thickened), the parodontis (gingival hyperplasia, paradontitis), the teeth (increased interdental spaces, hypercementosis, increased dental mobility, multiple tooth loss) are concerned. Functional consequences are significant (obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, malocclusion, pain of the oral maxillofacial area, decrease of the quality of life)...
September 2017: La Presse Médicale
Benjamin P Geisler, Yisi D Ji, Zachary S Peacock
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the state of economic analyses in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of published literature up to 2016 was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: English-language articles on economic analyses pertaining to OMS including anesthesia and pain management; dentoalveolar surgery; orthognathic, cleft, and/or obstructive sleep apnea treatment; pathology; reconstruction; temporomandibular disorders; trauma; and other...
November 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jonathan J Swope, Marcus A Couey, James W Wilson, Jonathon S Jundt
PURPOSE: Surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) varies by specialty. Our survey sought to answer 3 principal questions: 1) To which surgical specialists are sleep physicians referring patients for upper airway surgery? 2) Which surgical treatment do sleep specialists find to be most effective in treating OSA? 3) Do sleep medicine physicians believe that maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is worthwhile to patients who are surgical candidates? MATERIALS AND METHODS: We formulated a cross-sectional survey...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Luis A Passeri, James G Choi, Leonard B Kaban, Edward T Lahey
PURPOSE: To compare morbidity and mortality rates in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) versus dentofacial deformity (DFD) patients undergoing equivalent maxillofacial surgical procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with OSA who underwent maxillomandibular advancement with genial tubercle advancement in the Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from December 2002 to June 2011 were matched to patients with DFD undergoing similar maxillofacial procedures during the same period...
October 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Luca Levrini, Franco Sacchi, Francesca Milano, Antonella Polimeni, Paolo Cozza, Edoardo Bernkopf, Marzia Segù, Marco Zucconi, Claudio Vicini, Enrico Brunello
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present article is to present a set of proposed clinical recommendations aimed at Italian dentists involved in the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or snoring. METHODS: With the purpose of creating a study group, some of the most important Italian scientific societies operating in fields relevant to the issue of sleep medicine in dentistry were asked to appoint a representative. Each member of the study group was required to answer questions regarding the clinical management of OSAS and snoring...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
Sung Woon On, Min Woo Han, Doo Yeon Hwang, Seung Il Song
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in the pharyngeal airway space and hyoid bone position after mandibular setback surgery with bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) and to analyze the correlation between the amount of mandibular setback and the amount of change in pharyngeal airway space or hyoid bone position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to February 2013, a total of 30 patients who were diagnosed with skeletal class III malocclusion and underwent the same surgery (BSSRO) and fixation method in the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Dentistry at the Ajou University School of Medicine (Suwon, Korea) were included in this study...
October 2015: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
João Vitor dos Santos Canellas, Hugo Leonardo Mendes Barros, Paulo José D'Albuquerque Medeiros, Fabio Gamboa Ritto
INTRODUCTION: A mandibular setback reduces space in the pharyngeal airway, and it has been suggested that it might induce sleep-disordered breathing. OBJECTIVES: An evidence-based literature review was conducted to identify the effect of mandibular setback on the respiratory function during sleep. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic review of pertinent literature published up to 2014. A structured search of literature was performed, with predefined criteria...
March 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Reginald H Goodday, Susan E Bourque, Pember B Edwards
PURPOSE: It is important for patients and treating clinicians to know whether maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery is effective when treating patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and an extremely high apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score. The purpose of this study was to evaluate objective and subjective treatment outcomes after MMA surgery for the treatment of OSAS in patients with a preoperative AHI score higher than 100. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients who underwent MMA surgery for OSAS by members of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, QEII Health Science Centre (Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada) from November 1996 through February 2014...
March 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Lillian Marcussen, Jan Erik Henriksen, Torben Thygesen
PURPOSE: The upper airway volume is central to the development and treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea, and mandibular advancement devices (MADs) have increasingly been used as an effective alternative to continuous positive airway pressure for these 2 conditions. We investigated the changes in breathing patterns and upper airway volume parameters measured on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of patients with and without the use of custom-made MADs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Odense University Hospital, on consecutively treated patients...
September 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Linda Sharples, Matthew Glover, Abigail Clutterbuck-James, Maxine Bennett, Jake Jordan, Rebecca Chadwick, Marcus Pittman, Clare East, Malcolm Cameron, Mike Davies, Nick Oscroft, Ian Smith, Mary Morrell, Julia Fox-Rushby, Timothy Quinnell
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea (OSAH) causes excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), impairs quality of life (QoL) and increases cardiovascular disease and road traffic accident risks. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment is clinically effective but undermined by intolerance, and its cost-effectiveness is borderline in milder cases. Mandibular advancement devices (MADs) are another option, but evidence is lacking regarding their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in milder disease...
October 2014: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Zachary S Peacock, Tara Aghaloo, Gary F Bouloux, Joseph E Cillo, Robert G Hale, Anh D Le, Janice S Lee, Deepak Kademani
The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Foundation, and the International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons sponsored the fifth research summit, which convened on May 2 and 3 in Rosemont, Illinois. The Research Summits are convened biennially to facilitate the discussion and collaboration of oral and maxillofacial surgeons with clinical and basic science researchers in fields affecting the specialty. The goal is to advance the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery through exposure and education in topics that ultimately benefit the oral and maxillofacial surgical patient...
February 2014: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Teresa Paiva, Hrayr Attarian
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disorder characterized by repetitive episodes of breathing cessation due to complete or partial collapse of the upper airway therefore affecting ventilation. It is quite common, with a prevalence of about 2-4%, has a strong genetic component, and creates a proinflammatory state with elevated TNFα and other cytokines. If untreated, OSA can lead to significant neurological problems that include stroke, cognitive decline, depression, headaches, peripheral neuropathy, and nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION)...
2014: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
J Ngiam, R Balasubramaniam, M A Darendeliler, A T Cheng, K Waters, C E Sullivan
The purpose of this review is to provide guidelines for the use of oral appliances (OAs) for the treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in Australia. A review of the scientific literature up to June 2012 regarding the clinical use of OAs in the treatment of snoring and OSA was undertaken by a dental and medical sleep specialists team consisting of respiratory sleep physicians, an otolaryngologist, orthodontist, oral and maxillofacial surgeon and an oral medicine specialist. The recommendations are based on the most recent evidence from studies obtained from peer reviewed literature...
December 2013: Australian Dental Journal
Somsak Sittitavornwong, Peter D Waite, Alan M Shih, Gary C Cheng, Roy Koomullil, Yasushi Ito, Joel K Cure, Susan M Harding, Mark Litaker
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the soft tissue change of the upper airway after maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) using computational fluid dynamics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome who required MMA were recruited into this study. All participants underwent pre- and postoperative computed tomography and then MMA by a single oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Upper airway computed tomographic datasets for these 8 patients were created with high-fidelity 3-dimensional numerical models for computational fluid dynamics...
August 2013: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Vincent Delord, Sonia Khirani, Adriana Ramirez, Erick Louis Joseph, Clotilde Gambier, Maryse Belson, Francis Gajan, Brigitte Fauroux
BACKGROUND: Patient cooperation is crucial for the success of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV). This study evaluated the efficacy of medical hypnosis to reduce anticipatory anxiety and acclimatization time in children who are candidates for long-term NPPV. METHODS: Medical hypnosis was performed by a trained nurse. The acclimatization time and long-term compliance with NPPV were evaluated. RESULTS: Hypnosis was performed in nine children aged 2 to 15 years...
July 2013: Chest
Maria Ligia Juliano, Marco Antonio Cardoso Machado, Luciane Bizari Coin de Carvalho, Gianni Mara Silva dos Santos, Edilson Zancanella, Lucila Bizari Fernandes do Prado, Gilmar Fernandes do Prado
OBJECTIVES: It was to compare cephalometric measures of mouth-breather boys and girls and with the cephalometric pattern observed in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients. METHODS: Craniofacial measurements of lateral cephalometric radiographs obtained from 144 children aged 7-14 years were compared between boys and girls, and both were compared to cephalometric pattern of OSAS patients. RESULTS: Mouth-breather boys and girls had no gender differences regarding to craniofacial morphology while nose-breather boys and girls showed those expected differences...
January 2013: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
K C Prabhat, Lata Goyal, Afshan Bey, Sandhya Maheshwari
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in adult population. OSA shows detrimental effects on health, neuropsychological development, quality-of-life, and economic potential and now it is recognized as a public health problem. Despite the availability of expanded therapeutic options, polysomnography and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) are the gold standards for the diagnosis and treatment for OSA. Recently, American Academy of Sleep Medicine has recommended oral appliances for OSA. Hence the therapeutic interventions that are directed at the site of airway obstruction in the maxillofacial region are within the scope of dentistry...
July 2012: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
N N Andrade, R Kalra, S P Shetye
The management of patients with the triad of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis, micrognathia and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is challenging for the oral and maxillofacial surgeon because it involves achieving the desired oral opening, correction of micrognathia, and correction of the obstructed airway. Seven of the authors' triad patients, in whom only the release of ankylosis was performed, developed bradycardia and respiratory distress during postoperative jaw physiotherapy, leading to their non-compliance for active jaw physiotherapy and subsequent reankylosis...
December 2012: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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